CN102960577A - Compound granulated feed for adult epinephelus - Google Patents

Compound granulated feed for adult epinephelus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102960577A
CN102960577A CN2012105518766A CN201210551876A CN102960577A CN 102960577 A CN102960577 A CN 102960577A CN 2012105518766 A CN2012105518766 A CN 2012105518766A CN 201210551876 A CN201210551876 A CN 201210551876A CN 102960577 A CN102960577 A CN 102960577A
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China
Prior art keywords
feed
grouper
adult
epinephelus
adult fish
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Pending
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CN2012105518766A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李惠
胡兵
张蕉南
张蕉霖
徐海霞
陈庆堂
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Fujian Tianma Science & Technology Group Co Ltd
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Fujian Tianma Science & Technology Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012105518766A priority Critical patent/CN102960577A/en
Publication of CN102960577A publication Critical patent/CN102960577A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a compound granulated feed for adult epinephelus, which is suitable for feeding adult epinephelus, i.e., the adult epinephelus with the weight more than 500g. The compound granulated feed comprises the following components by weight percent: fish meal, flour, extruded soybeans, bean pulps, wheat gluten flour, fish oil, beer yeast, mineral substances, monocalcium phosphate, choline chloride, seaweed powder, an emulsifying agent, various vitamins and the like. The compound feed provided by the invention has the advantages that various nutrients are provided: the compound granulated feed is rich in various necessary proteins, trace elements, special mineral substances, vitamins and the like, so that the requirement of the adult epinephelus for various nutritional ingredients can be met, and the conversion ratio of the feed is high; the compound granulated feed has good stability in water and little pollutes a cultivation water body: natural raw materials such as the wheat gluten flour and the like which are beneficial to the formation and the stabilization of a feed product are added, so that the product can be soaked in water for over 3h without dispersing, and the pollution to the cultivation water body is reduced; and the emulsifying agent is additionally provided so that the utilization efficiency of the adult epinephelus to fat is improved.

Description

Grouper adult fish granular mixed feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to the fish feed field, relate in particular to grouper adult fish granular mixed feed field.
Background technology
Grouper (Epinephelus spp.) is the general name of fin section (Serranidae) Epinephelus (Epinephelus) fish.The about kind more than 100 in the whole world, the predacious fish of lower floor has fast growth, economic worth advantages of higher in the genus water warm, is considered to have one of fish of cultivation prospect most under the intensive culture condition.
Epinephelus predacious fish, the main bait of throwing something and feeding in the past are the higher small fish of freshness.Along with developing rapidly of Grouper cultivating industry, the supply of forage fiss also is becoming tight day, and it is imperative that the popularization artifical compound feed is fed grouper.The more existing reports of the research of at present relevant grouper compound feed.Patent name is " feedstuff for epinephelus lanceolatus and preparation method thereof ", the patent No. is in the Chinese invention patent of CN1663428A, a kind of feedstuff for epinephelus lanceolatus and preparation method thereof is disclosed, the percentage by weight proportioning of this feed ingredient is as follows: fish meal 43.0% ~ 48.5%, casein 14.0% ~ 18.5%, cornstarch 18.0% ~ 22.0%, corn oil 1.5% ~ 2.0%, fish oil 0.3% ~ 0.5%, alphalise starch 8.0% ~ 11.5%, B B-complex 1.3% ~ 2.0%, inorganic salts compound 0.7% ~ 1.2%, saccharicter-penin 0.02% ~ 0.05%, phytase 0.02% ~ 0.05%, β-1,3-D-glucan and chitinous oligomers 0.02% ~ 0.05%, yeast cell wall 0.02% ~ 0.05%.
Patent name is " a kind of lithosporic anchovies postlarva mixed feed and preparation method thereof ", the patent No. is in the Chinese invention patent of CN101953437A, a kind of lithosporic anchovies postlarva mixed feed is disclosed, its raw material forms and content by mass percentage is: flour 7% ~ 11%, dusty yeast 3% ~ 7%, cod-liver oil 6% ~ 10%, lecithin 0.5% ~ 2%, crab cream powder 1% ~ 4%, shitosan 1% ~ 3%, liver powder 0.5% ~ 3%, bait 0.5% ~ 2%, ostreae testa pulverata 3% ~ 6%, artemia powder 1.5% ~ 3%, collagen 2.5% ~ 4.5%, remaining is white fish meal.
Patent name is " grouper expanded pellet diet and processing method ", the patent No. is in the Chinese invention patent of CN102726635A, disclose the present invention and disclose a kind of grouper expanded pellet diet and processing method, formed by following raw material and mass percent thereof: steam fish meal 41 ~ 48%, dregs of beans 10 ~ 14%, expanded bean powder 5 ~ 10%, zein 5 ~ 8%, brewer's yeast 1 ~ 2.8%, squid cream 1 ~ 2%, fish oil 1 ~ 2%, tanimoto powder 1 ~ 2%, Strong flour 11 ~ 15%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 ~ 2%, lecithin 3 ~ 4%, B B-complex 0.4 ~ 0.6%, composite mineral matter 0.5 ~ 1%, Choline Chloride 0.6 ~ 1%, seawood meal 0.5 ~ 0.8%.This patent is selected the high feedstuff of bioavailability for the digestive physiological characteristics of grouper, has the grouper of promotion Fast Growth, improve the effect of ingesting of grouper, and the curing degree of feed granules improves the grouper digestibility 85%.
More than separately advantage is all arranged in the disclosed patent, but these disclosed epinephelus feeds are basically also unsatisfactory at aspects such as water stability, fat utilization efficient, also need to improve.
Because grouper is at different growth and development stages, its nutritional requirement also exists larger difference, therefore on Grouper cultivating, general according to its different cultivation stage, the various raw materials of artifical compound feed are carried out different scientific matching form different mixed feeds.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the low and higher grouper adult fish granular mixed feed that is suitable for grouper adult fish stage breeding of cultivation grouper quality of a kind of production cost.
For achieving the above object, grouper adult fish granular mixed feed of the present invention is suitable for feeding the grouper in adult fish stage, and namely body weight is the grouper in 500 gram above adult fish stages, and its component and weight percentage comprise:
Wherein, fish meal mainly provides protein sources and energy, and plays good food calling effect.Because grouper the having relatively high expectations to protein in adult fish stage, but requirement is lower than postlarva and juvenile fish stage relatively, therefore the relative postlarva of content of the fish meal among the present invention and the juvenile fish stage grouper content lower, be 47% ~ 54%, when its content greater than 54%, feed cost strengthens, and less than 47% the time, feed conversion rate reduces.
Flour mainly is to be beneficial to raw mix shaping particles and the good stability of tool when granulating, when its content greater than 15% the time, the crude protein of feed is reduced, then particle is difficult less than 10% the time is shaped.
Expanded soybean is through expanded preparation feed raw material, has kept the nutritional labeling of soybean itself, has reduced the ANFs of soybean, has strong salted cake fried in sesame oil flavor, is of high nutritive value, and good palatability is good plant protein source.
Dregs of beans mainly provides protein sources and energy, is used for the Substitute For Partial animal protein, and feed conversion rate descends during too high levels, so the content of dregs of beans is 5% ~ 9% among the present invention.
The wheat flour strength flour is the native protein that extracts from wheat (flour), adding wheat flour strength flour can improve the gross protein value in the feed in the mixed feed of the present invention, and can improve the molding effect of pellet, improve the stability of feed in water.
Fish oil mainly provides essential fatty acid and energy, and plays the food calling effect.Add when excessive the requirements such as technological requirement to product, feed storage all can increase when it, and adds when not enough, and the functions such as the energy of feed, food calling all descend, so the addition of fish oil is 4% ~ 9% among the present invention.
Brewer's yeast mainly provides protein sources, and peptic function, is unfavorable for the water stability of feed when addition is too high, so the addition of brewer's yeast is 4% ~ 9% among the present invention.
Mineral matter, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, Choline Chloride and multidimensional etc. play the effect of extra-nutrition all as additive, provide the grouper adult fish necessary trace element, make the nutrition of feed more comprehensive, promote the metabolism of fish body, and its addition is all not high.The physiological activator that seawood meal contains abundant algal polysaccharides, protein, fat, vitamin, mineral matter and has special efficacy has the advantages such as strengthen fish body immunity, promote growth, attractant is strong, viscosity is good.
Emulsifying agent mainly is that the fat molecule in the feed is disperseed, and minimizes it, and is no longer agglomerating, forms chyle in water.The grouper adult fish is higher to the demand of fat, behind the interpolation emulsifying agent, the fat in the feed can be disperseed in the feed, be conducive to promote grouper adult fish digesting and assimilating fat.
Above-mentioned various raw material components all can be purchased in market.
Also comprise the VC phosphate in the grouper adult fish granular mixed feed component of the present invention, the weight percentage of VC phosphate in mixed feed is 0.1%.The VC phosphate is as additive, play the effect that increases anti-stress ability, improve the immunocompetence of fish body, make the fish body of cultivation more healthy, the VC phosphate can be high temperature resistant simultaneously, make feed still can keep higher active ingredient after high temperature puffing is granulated, VC phosphate addition is too high then can to increase the production cost.Commercially available prod, VC phosphate position among the present invention is purchased in Anhui Tiger Biotechnology Co., Ltd., and product grade is that Tag is tieed up good C-35.For prolonging the service time of mixed feed of the present invention, can in the material composition of mixed feed of the present invention, add antioxidant, its weight percentage in mixed feed is 0.02%.
Antioxidant generally adopts ethoxyquinoline, is mainly used in preventing that raw material in the feed such as protein, fat are oxidized.But add and excessively also can cause adverse effect to the grouper adult fish.
For making compound feed products effect of the present invention better, can add in addition phagostimulant in its raw material components, mainly be betaine, can effectively promote ingesting of grouper, its weight percentage in mixed feed is 0.1%; Other adds probiotics, and its weight percentage in mixed feed is 0.18%, mainly is bacillus subtilis, and viable count reaches 1,000,000,000 every grams, is used for improving grouper adult fish enteron aisle beneficial microbe colony, promotes the grouper adult fish to digest and assimilate.Through in same plant, under the identical management mode condition, adopt the grouper adult fish granular mixed feed cost of following each raw material components and content to descend at most, water stability is best, and economic benefit is best, and culture efficiency is best.
Grouper adult fish granular mixed feed of the present invention, similar feed with other is compared and is had the following advantages;
1, comprehensive nutrition: product is rich in various indispensable proteins source, trace element, special-purpose minerals and vitamins etc., satisfies grouper adult fish growth phase to the demand of various nutritional labelings, and feed conversion rate is high.
2, water stability is good, breeding water body is polluted few: product has added wheat flour strength flour etc. and has been conducive to feed product moulding and stable natural material, can guarantee that product soaks not scatter more than 3 hours in water, has reduced the pollution to breeding water body.
3, improved fatty utilization ratio: the grouper adult fish is had relatively high expectations to fat content in the feed, and product has added emulsifying agent, can improve well digesting and assimilating of fat, promotes the growth of grouper adult fish.
4, raw material source is extensive: under the pressure that be becoming tight stock of fish day in the world at present, mixed feed of the present invention has wide raw material source, thereby will strengthen the external competitiveness of enterprise.
The characteristics such as 5, green non-pollution: it is natural that the grouper adult fish of the mixed feed of the present invention of ingesting has body colour, and the fish body is healthy, medication is few, and it is fast to grow can have been brought higher economic benefit, social benefit and ecological benefits for this enterprise and raiser.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further detailed explanation below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments:
Fig. 1 is the production technological process of grouper adult fish granular mixed feed of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is further detailed explanation below in conjunction with the specific embodiment:
Grouper adult fish granular mixed feed of the present invention is suitable for feeding the grouper in adult fish stage, and namely body weight is the grouper in 500 gram above adult fish stages, and its component and weight percentage comprise:
Embodiment 1, and the most basic each constituent content of the present invention is as follows:
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised the grouper adult fish 35 days.The grouper adult fish of present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests more active, and water stability is good, and the grouper growth is very fast, better economic benefit.
Embodiment 2, and each constituent content that the present invention adds behind an amount of additive is as follows:
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised the grouper adult fish 35 days.The grouper adult fish of present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and water stability is good, and the growth of grouper adult fish is fast, good in economic efficiency.
Embodiment 3, and each constituent content that the present invention adds behind an amount of additive is as follows:
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised the grouper adult fish 35 days.The grouper adult fish of present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and water stability is good, and the growth of grouper adult fish is fast, good in economic efficiency.
Embodiment 4, and each constituent content that the present invention adds behind an amount of additive is as follows:
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised the grouper adult fish 35 days.The grouper adult fish of present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and water stability is better, and the grouper growth is fast, better economic benefit.
Embodiment 5: each constituent content of culture efficiency the best of the present invention is as follows:
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised the grouper adult fish 35 days.The grouper adult fish of present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and water stability is good, and the growth of grouper adult fish is the fastest, and economic benefit is best.
As shown in Figure 1,---screen scarifier removal of impurities primary dcreening operation------pulverizer ultramicro grinding------screening machine postsearch screening---------drying machine drying---dust removal machine dedusting---oil-injection machine oil spout---cooler bin cooling---screening machine sieves---packing that weighs that the granulator extrusion is granulated that modified case is modified that mixer mixes for the second time that mixer mixes for the first time that mixed feed of the present invention adds the technological process of production in man-hour and is: large part raw material and smallclothes mixture are dropped into hopper.

Claims (5)

1. grouper adult fish granular mixed feed is suitable for feeding the grouper in adult fish stage, and namely body weight is the grouper in 500 gram above adult fish stages, and it is characterized in that: its component and weight percentage comprise:
2. grouper adult fish granular mixed feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the VC phosphate in the described component, the weight percentage of VC phosphate in mixed feed is 0.1%.
3. grouper adult fish granular mixed feed according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: also comprise antioxidant in the described component, the weight percentage of antioxidant in mixed feed is 0.02%; Phagostimulant, the phagostimulant weight percentage in mixed feed is 0.1%; Probiotics, probiotics is 0.18% at the weight percentage of mixed feed.
4. grouper adult fish granular mixed feed according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described antioxidant is ethoxyquinoline, and phagostimulant is betaine, and probiotics is bacillus subtilis.
5. grouper adult fish granular mixed feed according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: each component and the weight percentage of described mixed feed are:
CN2012105518766A 2012-12-14 2012-12-14 Compound granulated feed for adult epinephelus Pending CN102960577A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104509723A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-15 浙江海洋学院 Epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof
CN104957395A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-10-07 湛江恒兴特种饲料有限公司 Anti-enteritis grouper compound feed and preparation method and use method thereof
CN105685476A (en) * 2016-02-28 2016-06-22 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Grouper feed and preparing method thereof
CN105724831A (en) * 2016-02-28 2016-07-06 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Grouper feed and preparation method thereof
CN106538889A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-29 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 The heavy property mixed feed of mouse spot adult fish puffing
CN106538892A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-29 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 The heavy property mixed feed of eastern star spot adult fish puffing
CN107691895A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-16 福建天马饲料有限公司 A kind of pearl rough gentian grouper is into carp compound feed
CN108185126A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-06-22 福建省淡水水产研究所 A kind of half pierces thick lip carp compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN109105662A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-01-01 华南师范大学 Application of the dandelion extract as epinephelus feed additive

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104509723A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-15 浙江海洋学院 Epinephelus akaara feed and formula thereof
CN104957395A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-10-07 湛江恒兴特种饲料有限公司 Anti-enteritis grouper compound feed and preparation method and use method thereof
CN105685476A (en) * 2016-02-28 2016-06-22 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Grouper feed and preparing method thereof
CN105724831A (en) * 2016-02-28 2016-07-06 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Grouper feed and preparation method thereof
CN106538889A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-29 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 The heavy property mixed feed of mouse spot adult fish puffing
CN106538892A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-29 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 The heavy property mixed feed of eastern star spot adult fish puffing
CN107691895A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-16 福建天马饲料有限公司 A kind of pearl rough gentian grouper is into carp compound feed
CN108185126A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-06-22 福建省淡水水产研究所 A kind of half pierces thick lip carp compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN109105662A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-01-01 华南师范大学 Application of the dandelion extract as epinephelus feed additive

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Application publication date: 20130313