CN102090538B - Powdered formula feed for soft-shell turtles at juvenile turtle stage - Google Patents

Powdered formula feed for soft-shell turtles at juvenile turtle stage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102090538B
CN102090538B CN2010106068796A CN201010606879A CN102090538B CN 102090538 B CN102090538 B CN 102090538B CN 2010106068796 A CN2010106068796 A CN 2010106068796A CN 201010606879 A CN201010606879 A CN 201010606879A CN 102090538 B CN102090538 B CN 102090538B
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China
Prior art keywords
soft
feed
shelled turtle
formula feed
powdered
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CN2010106068796A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102090538A (en
Inventor
陈庆堂
张蕉南
胡兵
张蕉霖
李惠
徐海霞
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福建天马饲料有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a powdered formula feed for soft-shell turtles at a juvenile turtle stage, and the powdered formula feed provided by the invention is applicable to feeding juvenile soft-shell turtles. The powdered formula feed is a mixture prepared from components through the processing method of the powdered feed and is prepared from the following components by weight percent: 58%-70% of steam-dried fish meal, 21-23% of pre-gelatinized starch, 4%-8% of fermented soybean meal, 0%-2% of soybean oil, 2%-4% of beer yeast, 1%-1.8% of minerals, 0.5%-1% of calcium biphosphate, 0.3% of choline chloride and 0.2% of multiple vitamins. Compared with other formula feeds, the powdered formula feed provided by the invention has the advantages that the cost of the feed is reduced to the maximum extent, the feeding attraction property and the viscoelastic property are good, and the stability in water, the economic benefits and the culture effect are optimal.

Description

Powdered formula feed for soft-shell turtles at juvenile turtle stage
Technical field
The present invention relates to the mixed feed field, relate in particular to Soft-shelled Turtle stage mixed feed field.
Background technology
Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is a kind of aquatic products that welcome by consumers in general.The Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis meat flavour is delicious, nutritious, is not only the delicious food on the dining table, and is a kind of tonic of having many uses.Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis extensively cultivates on China Zhejiang, Hubei and other places, is one of main special cultivation aquatic products of China.
In the breeding process of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, the culturist makes soft pellet diet with powdery compound feed and fed afterwards Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis.Mixed feed of soft granules is good at water stability, is easy to be ingested by Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and digest and assimilate, and is little to the breeding water body pollution, meets the healthy aquaculture developing direction of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis.Along with the development of cultural technique, powdery compound feed made to feed Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis behind the soft pellet diet will be one of developing direction of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis healthy aquaculture.
Because the growth of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis has obvious stage, be called young soft-shelled turtle stage, young soft-shelled turtle stage, become the soft-shelled turtle stage, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is in different growth phases, its nutritional requirement also exists larger difference, therefore the feeding habits of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis exist significantly interim, need various raw materials to be carried out scientific matching form different artifical compound feeds according to its different growth phase in the Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis cultivation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of required powdery compound feed of Soft-shelled Turtle cultivation that is applicable to, can provide the cost of sufficient nutritional need and the cultivation of growing lower for the Soft-shelled Turtle cultivation stage.The present invention with make mixed feed of soft granules after water mixes by a certain percentage and throw Soft-shelled Turtle.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is suitable for feeding Soft-shelled Turtle, and it is a kind of mixture of being made by the processing method of powdery compound feed by each component, and its component and content comprise:
The steam drying fish meal 58%~70%
Pre-gelatinized starch 21%~23%
Fermented bean dregs 4%~8%
Soya-bean oil 0%~2%
Brewer's yeast 2%~4%
Mineral matter 1%~1.8%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%~1%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Multidimensional 0.2%
All percentages are percetage by weight.
Annotate: the steam drying fish meal refers to that fish meal in processing technology is: fishing, and---freezing---------drying---grinds----packs, and wherein in drying process, mainly is divided into straight fiery drying and steam drying according to its drying process difference in squeezing in boiling.Steam drying refers to steam fish meal be carried out dry do, and this technological temperature is lower, the nutrition of fish meal is destroyed less, can make the fish meal comparatively fresh, is that VBN (VBN) is not higher than 80mg/100g to the requirement of fish meal.
Wherein, fish meal mainly provides protein sources and energy.Because Soft-shelled Turtle requires highly to protein, so the content of the fish meal among the present invention is 58% ~ 70%, when its content greater than 70%, feed cost strengthens, less than 58% the time, feed conversion rate reduces;
Pre-gelatinized starch mainly is to play cementation for mash feed when soft pellet diet is made in the cultivation use, can make feed have preferably viscoplasticity, and keep preferably stability in water, is beneficial to ingesting of Soft-shelled Turtle, and reduces and scatter and disappear;
Fermented bean dregs is dregs of beans by fermentation after the PROCESS FOR TREATMENT, can remove ANFs, helps to improve digestive utilization ratio.Protein sources and energy mainly are provided, and its addition is subjected to cost impact, but feed conversion rate descends during too high levels;
Soya-bean oil mainly provides energy, and plays the food calling effect, and add when excessive the requirements such as technological requirement to product, feed storage all can increase when it, and adds when not enough, and the functions such as the energy of feed, food calling all descend.One-level soya-bean oil has more fragrant than fish oil, is more applicable for soft-shelled turtle, and is low because of the soya-bean oil acid value simultaneously, can reduce the probability that disease occurs;
Brewer's yeast mainly provides protein sources, and peptic function, is unfavorable for the water stability of feed when addition is too high;
Mineral matter, Choline Chloride and multidimensional etc. play the effect of extra-nutrition all as additive, provide Soft-shelled Turtle necessary trace element, promote Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis metabolism, and its addition is all not high.
Above-mentioned various raw material components all can be purchased in market.
For improving the service time of product of the present invention, can in material composition of the present invention, add antioxidant, its content is 0.02%.Antioxidant then generally adopts ethoxyquinoline, is mainly used in preventing feed Raw such as protein, fatty oxidized.But add and excessively also can cause adverse effect to Soft-shelled Turtle.
For making product efficacy of the present invention better, can add in addition calcium dihydrogen phosphate in its raw material components, its content is 0.5% ~ 1%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate is mainly used in replenishing calcium, P elements; Other adds probiotics, its content is 0.28%, it mainly is bacillus subtilis, viable count reaches 1,000,000,000 every grams, is used for improving Soft-shelled Turtle intestines and stomach beneficial microbe colony, promotes Soft-shelled Turtle to digest and assimilate, in the Soft-shelled Turtle stage, a little less than flora is grown relatively in the enteron aisle, therefore, need to strengthen the addition of little ecological system.
The present invention also can be added with in raw material components and be beneficial to the phagostimulant that promotes the Soft-shelled Turtle initial feeding, and the Soft-shelled Turtle food ration is increased, and promotes the growth of Soft-shelled Turtle, and its content is 0.3%, and this additive mainly is betaine.
Through in same plant, under the identical management mode condition, adopt the Soft-shelled Turtle powdery compound feed of following each component and content with respect to other mixed feeds, cost descends at most, and attractant is good, and viscoplasticity is good, stablize preferably in the water, economic benefit is best, and culture efficiency is best.
The steam drying fish meal 65%
Pre-gelatinized starch 23%
Fermented bean dregs 5%
Soya-bean oil 1%
Brewer's yeast 3%
Mineral matter 1%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Multidimensional 0.2%
Coated vitamin C 0.1%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Probiotics 0.28%
Phagostimulant 0.3%
The specific embodiment
Below the present invention is described in further detail by specific embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to following examples.Percentage among the present invention all is weight percentage if no special instructions.
Embodiment 1:
The steam drying fish meal 58%
Pre-gelatinized starch 23%
Fermented bean dregs 9%
Soya-bean oil 2%
Brewer's yeast 4%
Mineral matter 1.8%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Multidimensional 0.2%
Coated vitamin C 0.1%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Probiotics 0.28%
Phagostimulant 0.3%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised Soft-shelled Turtle 30 days.The young soft-shelled turtle of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and glutinousness of feed is good, and water stability is better, and young soft-shelled turtle growth is fast, and feed coefficient is 1.23, better economic benefit.
Embodiment 2:
The steam drying fish meal 63%
Pre-gelatinized starch 22%
Fermented bean dregs 7%
Soya-bean oil 0
Brewer's yeast 4%
Mineral matter 1.8%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Multidimensional 0.2%
Coated vitamin C 0.1%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Probiotics 0.28%
Phagostimulant 0.3%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised Soft-shelled Turtle 30 days.The young soft-shelled turtle of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and glutinousness of feed is good, and water stability is good, and young soft-shelled turtle growth is fast, and feed coefficient is 1.19, better economic benefit.
Embodiment 3:
The steam drying fish meal 70%
Pre-gelatinized starch 21%
Fermented bean dregs 4%
Soya-bean oil 0%
Brewer's yeast 2%
Mineral matter 1.3%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Multidimensional 0.2%
Coated vitamin C 0.1%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Probiotics 0.28%
Phagostimulant 0.3%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised Soft-shelled Turtle 30 days.The young soft-shelled turtle of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and glutinousness of feed is good, stablizes preferably in the water, and young soft-shelled turtle growth is fast, and feed coefficient is 1.14, and is good in economic efficiency.
Embodiment 4:
The steam drying fish meal 65%
Pre-gelatinized starch 23%
Fermented bean dregs 5%
Soya-bean oil 1%
Brewer's yeast 3%
Mineral matter 1%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Multidimensional 0.2%
Coated vitamin C 0.1%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Probiotics 0.28%
Phagostimulant 0.3%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised Soft-shelled Turtle 30 days.The young soft-shelled turtle of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and glutinousness of feed is good, and water stability is good, and young soft-shelled turtle growth is fast, and feed coefficient is 1.12, and economic benefit is best.
Product of the present invention is as follows in the production technology that adds man-hour:
The production technology of product processing of the present invention is as follows: get the raw materials ready (1): the various raw materials of weighing; (2) mix for the first time: will carry out the mix and blend first time after large part raw material and the mixing of smallclothes raw material; (3) ultramicro grinding: mixed material is carried out ultramicro grinding; (4) mix for the second time: the ultra micro material after pulverizing is carried out the mix and blend second time; (5) grease spraying: the material behind the second time mix and blend is carried out grease spraying; (6) screening: to the screening of sieving of the material behind the grease spraying; (7) weighing and bagging: the packing of weighing.

Claims (1)

1. powdered formula feed for soft-shell turtles at juvenile turtle stage is suitable for feeding Soft-shelled Turtle, and it is a kind of mixture of being made by the processing method of mash feed by each component, it is characterized in that component and content are:
Steam drying fish meal 65%
Pre-gelatinized starch 23%
Fermented bean dregs 5%
Soya-bean oil 1%
Brewer's yeast 3%
Mineral matter 1%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Multidimensional 0.2%
Coated vitamin C 0.1%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Probiotics 0.28%
Phagostimulant 0.3%
All percentages are percetage by weight;
Be conducive to improve Soft-shelled Turtle intestines and stomach beneficial microbe colony in its raw material components, promote the probiotics that Soft-shelled Turtle is digested and assimilated, its content is 0.28%, mainly is bacillus subtilis;
Be conducive to promote the phagostimulant of Soft-shelled Turtle initial feeding in its raw material components, its content is 0.3%, is mainly betaine.
CN2010106068796A 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Powdered formula feed for soft-shell turtles at juvenile turtle stage CN102090538B (en)

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CN102090538B true CN102090538B (en) 2013-01-02

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Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102599385A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-07-25 杭州海皇饲料开发有限公司 Feed for young Chinese soft-shelled turtles and preparation method thereof
CN102630832B (en) * 2012-04-24 2014-06-11 杭州海皇饲料开发有限公司 Soft-shelled turtle expanded pellet diet
CN103082144B (en) * 2013-01-29 2014-03-26 浙江省水产技术推广总站 Dry fly maggot powder feed for Chinese softshell turtles and preparation method thereof
CN103734534A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-23 苏州市吴中区胥口马舍特种水产养殖场 Raising feed for juvenile soft-shelled turtles
CN104509743A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-15 惠州市财兴实业有限公司 Mixed feed for promoting digestion of young soft-shelled turtle and preparation method thereof
CN104509731A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-15 惠州市财兴实业有限公司 High-energy mixed feed for juvenile soft-shelled turtle and preparation method thereof
CN104522367A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-22 惠州市财兴实业有限公司 Young turtle compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN104509736A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-15 惠州市财兴实业有限公司 Mixed feed containing probiotics for juvenile soft-shelled turtle and preparation method thereof
CN104509742A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-15 惠州市财兴实业有限公司 Mixed feed for enhancing immunity of young soft-shelled turtle and preparation method thereof
CN104522378A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-22 惠州市财兴实业有限公司 Young soft-shelled turtle compound feed capable of promoting digestion and preparation method of young soft-shelled turtle compound feed
CN104621405A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-20 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 Puffed pellet compound feed for young alligator snapping turtles
CN104605145A (en) * 2015-02-28 2015-05-13 梧州市景泰养鳖专业合作社 Feed for young Chinese softshell turtle and preparation method of feed
CN105265840A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-27 樊德喜 Cuttlefish liver feed for young turtle and preparation method of cuttlefish liver feed
CN107836601A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-03-27 福建天马饲料有限公司 The young soft-shelled turtle stage special compound feed of Taiwan soft-shelled turtle

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