CN102293347B - Powdery compound feed for sturgeons - Google Patents

Powdery compound feed for sturgeons Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102293347B
CN102293347B CN2011102651107A CN201110265110A CN102293347B CN 102293347 B CN102293347 B CN 102293347B CN 2011102651107 A CN2011102651107 A CN 2011102651107A CN 201110265110 A CN201110265110 A CN 201110265110A CN 102293347 B CN102293347 B CN 102293347B
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China
Prior art keywords
percent
feed
sturgeons
sturgeon
compound feed
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011102651107A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102293347A (en
Inventor
陈庆堂
张蕉南
胡兵
张蕉霖
李惠
徐海霞
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福建天马饲料有限公司
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Priority to CN2011102651107A priority Critical patent/CN102293347B/en
Publication of CN102293347A publication Critical patent/CN102293347A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a powdery compound feed for sturgeons, which is suitable for feeding swellfishes and sturgeons. The powdery compound feed is a mixture prepared from multiple components according to a powdery feed processing method. The powdery compound feed is characterized by comprising the following components in percentage by weight: 45-50 percent of fish meal, 21-23 percent of pre-gelatinized starch, 5-8 percent of extruded soybeans, 6-10 percent of fermented soybean meal, 1-2 percent of fish oil, 3-5 percent of beer yeast, 1-2 percent of soybean oil, 1-3 percent of minerals, 0.2-0.5 percent of choline chloride and 1-2 percent of calcium biphosphate, wherein the percentages are percentages by weight. Compared with other compound feeds, the powdery compound feed for sturgeons has the advantages of low cost, high food calling property, high feed viscoelasticity, high water stability, quick sturgeon growth, good economic benefit and good cultivating effect.

Description

Powdery compound feed for sturgeons
Technical field
The present invention relates to the mixed feed field, relate in particular to the powdery compound feed for sturgeons field.
Background technology
Sturgeons is large-scale Important Economic fish, also is precious fingerling.The sturgeon kind that China mainly cultivates has the kinds such as acipenser schrencki, hybrid sturgeon.Along with the Progress ﹠ New Products of sturgeon artificial culture technology, sturgeon has become a kind of fish that the cultivation prospect is arranged in the aquaculture most.The scale propagated artificially of sturgeon constantly enlarges in recent years, originally uses eel compound feed to develop into gradually the sturgeon special compound feed.
In the market take the sturgeon puffing granule compound feed as main sturgeon breeding, but along with the development of soft granule technology, powdery compound feed for sturgeons also begins to use in sturgeon cultivation, has the digestive utilization ratio advantages of higher.Powdery compound feed for sturgeons also is an important directions of sturgeon feed research.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of required powdery compound feed of sturgeon cultivation that is applicable to, can provide the cost of sufficient nutritional need and the cultivation of growing lower for sturgeon.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is suitable for feeding sturgeon, and it is a kind of mixture of being made by the processing method of powdery compound feed by each raw material components, and its each raw material components and content comprise:
Fish meal 45% ~ 50%;
Pre-gelatinized starch 21% ~ 23%;
Expanded soybean 5% ~ 8%;
Fermented bean dregs 6% ~ 10%;
Fish oil 1% ~ 2%;
Brewer's yeast 3% ~ 5%;
Soya-bean oil 1% ~ 2%;
Mineral matter 1% ~ 3%;
Choline Chloride 0.2% ~ 0.5%;
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%~2%;
All percentages are percetage by weight.
Wherein, fish meal mainly provides protein sources and energy.Because mash feed will be made mixed feed of soft granules, the moisture of mixed feed of soft granules is higher, so the protein of mash feed is had relatively high expectations.Therefore the content of the fish meal among the present invention is 45% ~ 55%, when its content greater than 55%, feed cost strengthens; When its content less than 45% the time, feed conversion rate reduces.
Pre-gelatinized starch mainly is to play cementation for mash feed when soft pellet diet is made in the cultivation use, can make feed have preferably viscoplasticity, and keep preferably stability in water, is beneficial to ingesting of sturgeon, and reduces and scatter and disappear.
Expanded soybean mainly provides protein sources and energy, and its addition is subjected to cost impact, but feed conversion rate descends during too high levels.
Fermented bean dregs is obtained after the PROCESS FOR TREATMENT by fermentation by dregs of beans, can remove ANFs, helps to improve digestive utilization ratio.Protein sources and energy mainly are provided, and its addition is subjected to cost impact, but feed conversion rate descends during too high levels.
Fish oil mainly provides energy, and plays the food calling effect, all can increase when it adds when excessive technological requirement to product, feed storage request etc., and add when not enough, and the functions such as the energy of feed, food calling all descend.
Brewer's yeast mainly provides protein sources, and peptic function, is unfavorable for the water stability of feed when addition is too high.
Soya-bean oil mainly provides energy, all can increase when it adds when excessive technological requirement to product, feed storage request etc., and add when not enough the declines such as the energy of feed.
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate is mainly used in replenishing calcium, P elements; Mineral matter and Choline Chloride etc. play the effect of extra-nutrition all as additive, provide the fish body necessary trace element, promote the metabolism of fish body, and its addition is all not high.
Above-mentioned various raw material components all can be purchased in market.
For making product efficacy of the present invention better, can add in addition the fishing multidimensional in its raw material components, its content is 0.3%; Liver protectant, its content are 0.18%; Antioxidant, its content are 0.02%.Wherein, fishing mainly provides multivitamin with multidimensional, regulates sturgeon immunity; Liver protectant promotes digestion mainly for the protection of the sturgeon liver and gall; Antioxidant is mainly used in preventing feed Raw such as protein, fatty oxidized.Above-mentioned each raw material components is indium addition.
Add man-hour, generally adopt bile acid as liver protectant, antioxidant then generally adopts ethoxyquinoline.
Also can be added with the Kelp Powder that is beneficial to pigment deposition in the raw material components of the present invention, make the sturgeon breeding body colour near natural effect, its content is 2%.
Through in same plant, under the identical management mode condition, adopt the powdery compound feed for sturgeons cost of following each raw material components and content to descend at most, culture efficiency is best:
Fish meal 50%;
Pre-gelatinized starch 23%;
Expanded soybean 6%;
Fermented bean dregs 6%;
Fish oil 2%;
Brewer's yeast 5%;
Soya-bean oil 1%;
Mineral matter 2%;
Choline Chloride 0.5%;
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%;
Fishing multidimensional 0.3%;
Liver protectant 0.18%;
Antioxidant 0.02%;
Kelp Powder 2%;
All percentages are percetage by weight.
Advantage of the present invention is: adopt powdery compound feed for sturgeons of the present invention with respect to other mixed feeds, cost is low, and attractant is good, and glutinousness of feed is good, and water stability is good, and the sturgeon growth is fast, and good in economic efficiency, culture efficiency is good.
The specific embodiment
Below the present invention is described in further detail by specific embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to following examples.Percentage among the present invention all is weight percentage if no special instructions.
Wherein, feed coefficient is that the fish body increases by one jin of body weight, the weight of the feed that needs.
Embodiment 1:
Fish meal 55%
Pre-gelatinized starch 21.3%
Expanded soybean 5%
Fermented bean dregs 9%
Fish oil 1%
Brewer's yeast 3%
Soya-bean oil 1%
Mineral matter 1%
Choline Chloride 0.2%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%
The fishing multidimensional 0.3%
Liver protectant 0.18%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Kelp Powder 2%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised sturgeon 84 days.The sturgeon of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and the soft pellet diet water stability is good, and the sturgeon growth is fast, and feed coefficient is 1.05, and is good in economic efficiency.
Embodiment 2:
Fish meal 45%
Pre-gelatinized starch 21%
Expanded soybean 8%
Fermented bean dregs 10%
Fish oil 2%
Brewer's yeast 5%
Soya-bean oil 2%
Mineral matter 3%
Choline Chloride 0.5%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%
The fishing multidimensional 0.3%
Liver protectant 0.18%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Kelp Powder 2%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised sturgeon 84 days.The sturgeon of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and the soft pellet diet water stability is good, and the sturgeon growth is fast, and feed coefficient is 1.13, and is good in economic efficiency.
Embodiment 3:
Fish meal 52%
Pre-gelatinized starch 22%
Expanded soybean 6%
Fermented bean dregs 8%
Fish oil 1%
Brewer's yeast 4%
Soya-bean oil 2%
Mineral matter 1%
Choline Chloride 0.5%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%
The fishing multidimensional 0.3%
Liver protectant 0.18%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Kelp Powder 2%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised sturgeon 84 days.The sturgeon of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and the soft pellet diet water stability is good, and the sturgeon growth is fast, and feed coefficient is 1.08, and is good in economic efficiency.
Embodiment 4:
Fish meal 50%
Pre-gelatinized starch 23%
Expanded soybean 6%
Fermented bean dregs 6%
Fish oil 2%
Brewer's yeast 5%
Soya-bean oil 1%
Mineral matter 2%
Choline Chloride 0.5%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%
The fishing multidimensional 0.3%
Liver protectant 0.18%
Antioxidant 0.02%
Kelp Powder 2%
According to formulated feed shown in the upper table, raised sturgeon 84 days.The sturgeon of the present embodiment feed of ingesting ingests active, and the soft pellet diet water stability is good, and the sturgeon growth is the fastest, and feed coefficient is 1.01, and economic benefit is best.
The production technology of product processing of the present invention is as follows: get the raw materials ready (1): the various raw materials of weighing; (2) mix for the first time: will carry out the mix and blend first time after large part raw material and the mixing of smallclothes raw material; (3) ultramicro grinding: mixed material is carried out ultramicro grinding; (4) mix for the second time: the ultra micro material after pulverizing is carried out the mix and blend second time; (5) grease spraying: the material behind the second time mix and blend is carried out grease spraying; (6) screening: to the screening of sieving of the material behind the grease spraying; (7) weighing and bagging: the packing of weighing.

Claims (1)

1. powdery compound feed for sturgeons is suitable for feeding filefish, is suitable for feeding sturgeon, and it is a kind of mixture of being made by the processing method of mash feed by each component, it is characterized in that its component and content are:
Fish meal 45%;
Pre-gelatinized starch 21%;
Expanded soybean 8%;
Fermented bean dregs 10%;
Fish oil 2%;
Brewer's yeast 5%;
Soya-bean oil 2%;
Mineral matter 3%;
Choline Chloride 0.5%;
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%;
Fish multidimensional 0.3%;
Liver protectant bile acid 0.18%;
Antioxidant ethoxyquinoline 0.02%;
Kelp Powder 2%;
All percentages are percetage by weight.
CN2011102651107A 2011-09-08 2011-09-08 Powdery compound feed for sturgeons CN102293347B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011102651107A CN102293347B (en) 2011-09-08 2011-09-08 Powdery compound feed for sturgeons

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CN102293347A CN102293347A (en) 2011-12-28
CN102293347B true CN102293347B (en) 2013-01-30

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Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103168963B (en) * 2013-03-19 2015-01-07 浙江一星实业股份有限公司 Soybean snakehead feed
CN103349157B (en) * 2013-06-22 2015-01-07 福建省农业科学院中心实验室 Compound feed for female parent fishes of sturgeons
CN103349176B (en) * 2013-06-22 2014-10-15 福建省农业科学院中心实验室 Oligopeptide-rich soft-particle compound feed for sturgeons
CN103349177A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-16 镇江水中仙渔业发展有限公司 Composition of sturgeon forage
CN103340316B (en) * 2013-07-13 2014-07-16 肖玲 Special compound feed for sturgeon, and preparation method thereof
CN103461728A (en) * 2013-09-29 2013-12-25 湛江粤华水产饲料有限公司 Mixed feed capable of preventing enteritis of golden pomfret and preparing method of mixed feed
CN104187105A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 四川省农业科学院水产研究所 Acipenser dabryanus postpartum parent fish feed
CN104171741A (en) * 2014-08-24 2014-12-03 四川省农业科学院水产研究所 Feed of adult acipenser dabryanus
CN105614172A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-06-01 防城港市那旺生态农业科技有限公司 Sturgeon breeding high-efficiency feed
CN107279606A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-24 安徽省泾县丰瑞水产科技有限公司 A kind of sturgeon marketable fish forming stage feed
CN107410774A (en) * 2017-09-28 2017-12-01 临汾市尧都区云盛水产养殖有限公司 A kind of sturgeon adult feedstuff
CN108522804A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-14 福建省农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所 A kind of growth promotion acipenser schrencki mixed feed of soft granules and preparation method thereof
CN108522862A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-09-14 余道逍 A kind of slow falling fish feed and its preparation process

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1255295A (en) * 1999-11-30 2000-06-07 汤沃坤 Synthetic feed for Chinese sturgeon and its production method
CN101040658B (en) * 2006-12-13 2011-09-21 福建天马饲料有限公司 Expanded pelleted feed of grown eel fishes without pollution
CN101002596A (en) * 2007-01-17 2007-07-25 福建天马饲料有限公司 Ruffed, granulated, compounding feed for young golden pomfret

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