CN103168969B - Green, environment-friendly, nutritional and efficient sunfish feed - Google Patents

Green, environment-friendly, nutritional and efficient sunfish feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103168969B
CN103168969B CN201310135191.8A CN201310135191A CN103168969B CN 103168969 B CN103168969 B CN 103168969B CN 201310135191 A CN201310135191 A CN 201310135191A CN 103168969 B CN103168969 B CN 103168969B
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China
Prior art keywords
feed
sunfish
fish
environmental protection
meal
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310135191.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103168969A (en
Inventor
米海峰
张璐
毛云安
张高明
何良柯
文远红
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GUANGDONG TONGWEI FEED CO Ltd
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GUANGDONG TONGWEI FEED CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a green, environmental-friendly, nutritional and efficient sunfish feed and aims at providing the green, environmental-friendly, nutritional and efficient sunfish compound feed. The technical scheme of the feed is as follows: the feed contains the following materials by weight percent: 20.0%-25.0% of flour, 3.0%-10.0% of meat meal, 25.0%-38.0% of fish meal, 6.0% of peanut meal, 1.0%-2.0% of cuttlefish paste, 15.0%-25.0% of bean pulp, 1.0%-3.0% of fish oil, 2.0%-5.0% of soybean oil, 0.5%-1.0% of monocalcium phosphate, 0.3%-0.5% of composite vitamins, 0.5%-1.0% of composite mineral substances, 0.03%-0.05% of mildew preventive, 0.1% of choline chloride and 0.05% of astaxanthin. The green, environmental-friendly, nutritional and efficient sunfish feed belongs to the technical field of fish feed.

Description

A kind of environmental protection, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sunfish feed, relate in particular to a kind of environmental protection, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed; Belong to fish meal technical field.
Background technology
Sunfish formal name used at school is Bluegill (Lepomis marochirus), is under the jurisdiction of Perciformes, Sunfishes, sunfish genus.Originate in North America, within 1987, introduce parallel popularization of China and cultivate.Bluegill is small-sized temperate water fishes, likeness in form bolti; Strong adaptability, feeding habits are mixed, zooplankter and the aquatic insect classes such as staple food wheel animalcule, cladocera, Copepods.Fast growth, easily raise and train that easy raising, lower oxygen concentration resistance, disease are few, population yield advantages of higher.This fish bodily form is graceful, beautiful in colour, and trunk is high containing meat rate, fine and tender taste, nutritious, very easily rise to the bait, and be to eat, view and admire, swim the excellent fish of angling cultivation, in China, there is wide cultivation development prospect.
China's sunfish breeding way is various, common are pond monoculture, pond fish farming, raises together with the fish such as eel, and put in a suitable place to breed in reservoir, lake, as breeding way such as pet fish, trip fishing intensive cultures.This fish in Hunan, the ground cultured area such as Hubei, Guangdong, Fujian is very wide, economic benefit is high; The management method of rational cultivation density and high-quality, this fish mu profit can reach more than ten thousand yuan.
Along with culture fishery development, sunfish cultivation is constantly concentrated, the burden that high density, intensive cultivation cause breeding environment is more and more heavier, residual bait, excreta, germ etc. are more and more serious to the pollution of water body, and various places plant constantly breaks out sunfish and drops in production over a large area because water quality deterioration or disease cause cultivation.In addition, along with the raising of people's living standard, people are from pursuing and change gradually the pursuit to quality now into protein quantity before, and people more trend towards the beautiful cultured product of body colour when choosing sunfish.Sunfish is as pet fish and trip fishing simultaneously, and its beautiful body colour is hobby that people pursue more.Although the patent about sunfish feed formula has been reported at present, but the design of these feed formulas does not take into full account harm that under current high-density breeding, sunfish self excreta, residual bait etc. cause breeding environment and breeding environment worsens the harm to cultivated animals, the consideration that simultaneously affected by feed for sunfish as pet fish or the fish body colour of fishing is also not in place.
Therefore, be necessary the sunfish expanding compound feed developing a kind of environmental protection, nutrient efficient, can maintain beautiful body colour, to promote the sustainable development of China's sunfish aquaculture, aquaculture feed industry, recreational fisheries.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the sunfish feed of a kind of environmental protection, nutrient efficient, to improve the growth performance, immunity of sunfish and to food utilization efficiency, maintain its beautiful body colour, reduce residual bait, the pollution of excreta to breeding environment, increase the yield per unit area and benefit sunfish feed.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme provided by the invention is such: this environmental protection, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed consists of the component of following mass percent: flour 20.0% ~ 25.0%, digested tankage 3.0% ~ 10.0%, fish meal 25.0% ~ 38.0%, peanut meal 6.0%, cuttlefish cream 1.0% ~ 2.0%, dregs of beans 15.0% ~ 25.0%, fish oil 1.0% ~ 3.0%, soybean oil 2.0% ~ 5.0%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5 ~ 1.0%, B B-complex 0.3% ~ 0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5% ~ 1.0%, mould inhibitor 0.03% ~ 0.05%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, astaxanthin 0.05%, each component sum is 100%.。
Above-mentioned environmental protection, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed, component by following mass percent forms: flour 21.0% ~ 24.0%, digested tankage 5.0% ~ 8.0%, fish meal 28.0% ~ 33.0%, peanut meal 6.0%, cuttlefish cream 1.0% ~ 2.0%, dregs of beans 18.0% ~ 22.0%, fish oil 1.0% ~ 3.0%, soybean oil 3.0% ~ 4.0%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5 ~ 1.0%, B B-complex 0.3% ~ 0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5% ~ 1.0%, mould inhibitor 0.03% ~ 0.05%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, astaxanthin 0.05%, each component sum is 100%.。
Further, above-mentioned environmental protection, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed, described mould inhibitor be mould must gram Midew preventive for feed; Described composite mineral matter is the omnivorefish microelement pre-mix material of Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd; Described B B-complex is the omnivorefish vitamin premix of Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd.
Compare with existing formula technique, the present invention has the following advantages:
1. feed provided by the invention be take sunfish the apparent digestibility of the bulk raw materials such as fish meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal is according to selecting each relevant feedstuff, simultaneously the thick protein in feed formula and total energy content are that to take the digestible protein of sunfish and digestible energy be according to design, based on the micro-equilibrium principle of amino acid, reasonably combined every bulk raw material, to meet the growth needs of sunfish, improve the utilization rate of sunfish to feed protein simultaneously, reduce the pollution of N discharge to breeding water body in metabolic waste.
2. feed provided by the invention reduces fish meal consumption and improves vegetable protein consumption, can reduce the discharge of feed formula cost and phosphorus; Can improve the utilization rate of Dietary phosphorus, reduce the pollution of phosphorus to breeding water body, prevent that N∶P ratio is unbalance and cause body eutrophication.
3. feed provided by the invention adds a certain amount of astaxanthin, can maintain the beautiful body colour of sunfish, promotes its market value.
4. feed provided by the invention, various raw materials easily obtain, and formulation cost is low, easily promotes.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with the specific embodiment; claim of the present invention is described in further detail; but do not form any limitation of the invention, anyone within the scope of the claims in the present invention, make the modification of limited number of time, still in claim protection domain of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of environmental protection of the present invention, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed consists of the component of following mass percent: flour 208.2 kg, fish meal 350 kg, peanut meal 60 kg, cuttlefish cream 20 kg, digested tankage 40 kg, dregs of beans 245 kg, fish oil 10 kg, soybean oil 40 kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 10 kg, vitamin premix 5 kg for the F11V omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, microelement pre-mix material 10 kg for the F41M omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, " mould must gram " Midew preventive for feed 0.3 kg that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces, Choline Chloride 1kg, astaxanthin 0.5 kg.
Embodiment 2
Another kind of environmental protection of the present invention, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed consists of the component of following mass percent: flour 250 kg, digested tankage 60 kg, fish meal 310 kg, peanut meal 60 kg, cuttlefish cream 15 kg, dregs of beans 225 kg, fish oil 30 kg, soybean oil 30 kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 5 kg, vitamin premix 3 kg for the F11V omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, microelement pre-mix material 10 kg for the F41M omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, " mould must gram " Midew preventive for feed 0.5 kg that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces, Choline Chloride 1 kg, astaxanthin 0.5 kg.
Embodiment 3
Another kind of environmental protection of the present invention, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed consists of the component of following mass percent: flour 200 kg, digested tankage 30 kg, fish meal 380 kg, peanut meal 60 kg, cuttlefish cream 20kg, dregs of beans 220kg, fish oil 20 kg, soybean oil 48kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 5 kg, vitamin premix 5 kg for the F11V omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, microelement pre-mix material 10 kg for the F41M omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, " mould must gram " Midew preventive for feed 0.5 kg that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces, Choline Chloride 1 kg, astaxanthin 0.5 kg.
Embodiment 4
Another kind of environmental protection of the present invention, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed consists of the component of following mass percent: flour 250 kg, digested tankage 100kg, fish meal 380kg, peanut meal 60 kg, cuttlefish cream 10kg, dregs of beans 152kg, fish oil 10kg, soybean oil 20kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 7 .5kg, vitamin premix 3.6 kg for the F11V omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, microelement pre-mix material 5 kg for the F41M omnivorefish that Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd provides, " mould must gram " Midew preventive for feed 0.4 kg that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces, Choline Chloride 1 kg, astaxanthin 0.5 kg.
The preparation method of above-mentioned sunfish feed is: the raw material except grease (soybean oil, fish oil) is crushed to 98% 60 mesh sieves, evenly mixing excessively through 2 times.By mixed raw material through modem at 90 ℃ of modulated 5min, then at 95 ℃, through twin-screw extruder, granulate, then at 60 ℃, dry, through the outer painting machine of drum-type, soybean oil and fish oil blend are being uniformly sprayed to feed surface, after cooling, make the Sunfish compound feed of environmental protection of the present invention, nutrient efficient.
For beneficial effect of the present invention is better described, provide the experiment effect of technical scheme provided by the invention below:
Culture experiment
Extract and on market, to sell good 3 kinds of sunfish expanding compound feeds and this technological invention cultivates contrast experiment.3 kinds of commercially available sunfish expanding compound feeds are labeled as respectively to A, B, C, according to the sunfish expanding compound feed of this technological invention preparation, are labeled as O.Then at 12 2.4 3.6 m 2 m cement pit side by side, carry out culture experiment.Through the culture experiments of 3 months, the results are shown in Table 1,2.
This technological invention of table 1 and the impact of commercially available 3 kinds of feeds on sunfish growth performance and efficiency of feed utilization
This technological invention of table 2 and the impact of commercially available 3 kinds of feeds on sunfish breeding environment
In above-mentioned experiment, can find out, culture efficiency survival rate, rate of body weight gain, the feed coefficient of novel environment friendly of the present invention, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed is not only better than the feeding effect of commercially available better 3 kinds of sunfish feeds of extraction, and minimum on the impact of the ammonia nitrogen in cultivation water environment, nitrate nitrogen, total phosphorus and pH.By the sunfish outward appearance of cultivation is observed and found, the sunfish body colour that the present invention raises is obviously beautiful compared with other 3 groups in addition.The confirmation of this culture experiment, environmental protection of the present invention, nutrient efficient sunfish feed have obvious food calling in sunfish cultivation application.Environmental protection of the present invention, nutrient efficient sunfish feed are the novel aquatic feeds of a kind of good, environmental protection, nutrient health.

Claims (5)

1. an environmental protection, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed, it is characterized in that, component by following mass percent forms: flour 20.0% ~ 25.0%, digested tankage 3.0% ~ 10.0%, fish meal 25.0% ~ 38.0%, peanut meal 6.0%, cuttlefish cream 1.0% ~ 2.0%, dregs of beans 15.0% ~ 25.0%, fish oil 1.0% ~ 3.0%, soybean oil 2.0% ~ 5.0%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5 ~ 1.0%, B B-complex 0.3% ~ 0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5% ~ 1.0%, mould inhibitor 0.03% ~ 0.05%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, astaxanthin 0.05%, each component sum is 100%.
2. environmental protection according to claim 1, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed, it is characterized in that, component by following mass percent forms: flour 21.0% ~ 24.0%, digested tankage 5.0% ~ 8.0%, fish meal 28.0% ~ 33.0%, peanut meal 6.0%, cuttlefish cream 1.0% ~ 2.0%, dregs of beans 18.0% ~ 22.0%, fish oil 1.0% ~ 3.0%, soybean oil 3.0% ~ 4.0%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5 ~ 1.0%, B B-complex 0.3% ~ 0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5% ~ 1.0%, mould inhibitor 0.03% ~ 0.05%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, astaxanthin 0.05%, each component sum is 100%.
3. according to the environmental protection described in claim 1 or 2, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed, it is characterized in that, described mould inhibitor be mould must gram Midew preventive for feed.
4. according to the environmental protection described in claim 1 or 2, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed, it is characterized in that, described composite mineral matter is the omnivorefish microelement pre-mix material of Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd.
5. according to the environmental protection described in claim 1 or 2, nutrient efficient type sunfish feed, it is characterized in that, described B B-complex is the omnivorefish vitamin premix of Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd.
CN201310135191.8A 2013-04-17 2013-04-17 Green, environment-friendly, nutritional and efficient sunfish feed Expired - Fee Related CN103168969B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104489410A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-08 林震能 Jellylike aquatic feed suitable for feeding aquarium fishes and preparation method thereof
CN104621412A (en) * 2015-03-02 2015-05-20 苏州奥然日用品有限公司 Novel compound feed for bluegill sunfish
CN104585557A (en) * 2015-03-02 2015-05-06 苏州奥然日用品有限公司 Novel feed capable of improving immunity of bluegill sunfishes
CN104855681A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-08-26 通威股份有限公司 Puffing compound feed for sunfish breeding season

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CN101869210A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-27 广东通威饲料有限公司 Sunfish compound feed
CN102150760A (en) * 2011-03-19 2011-08-17 珠海市世海饲料有限公司 Compound feed for bluegill sunfish
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CN101869210A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-27 广东通威饲料有限公司 Sunfish compound feed
CN102150760A (en) * 2011-03-19 2011-08-17 珠海市世海饲料有限公司 Compound feed for bluegill sunfish
CN102389064A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-03-28 吴江市水产养殖有限公司 Sunfish feed

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