CN104426467A - Household light following device of photovoltaic cell - Google Patents

Household light following device of photovoltaic cell Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104426467A
CN104426467A CN201310392187.XA CN201310392187A CN104426467A CN 104426467 A CN104426467 A CN 104426467A CN 201310392187 A CN201310392187 A CN 201310392187A CN 104426467 A CN104426467 A CN 104426467A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic cell
following device
rotating lever
swingle
solar panel
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Granted
Application number
CN201310392187.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104426467B (en
Inventor
朴在林
王立地
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Shenyang Agricultural University
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Shenyang Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201310392187.XA priority Critical patent/CN104426467B/en
Publication of CN104426467A publication Critical patent/CN104426467A/en
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Publication of CN104426467B publication Critical patent/CN104426467B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a generating set and particularly relates to a household light following device of a photovoltaic cell. The household light following device of the photovoltaic cell is structurally characterized in that an output shaft of a motor used for controlling a cam group to rotate is connected with a shaft of the cam group; the cam group for driving a solar panel to rotate left and right by taking a rotating lever as the axis consists of two cams opposite in mounting direction; the two cams are coaxially connected; the lower end of the rotating lever capable of rotating around a support is fixedly arranged on the support; the solar panel capable of rotating around the rotating lever is arranged on the rotating lever; independent rotation of the single plate of the photovoltaic cell is realized by the rotating lever. The household light following device of the photovoltaic cell is simple to control, small in driving force and high in wind resistance; the upper end of a telescopic link is fixedly arranged at the upper part of the rotating lever, and the lower end of the telescopic link is fixedly arranged on the support; according to the household light following device of the photovoltaic cell, the angle of the solar panel can be adjusted according to the illumination condition, so that the solar panel is always at the best light energy receiving angle, and the light energy received quantity of the solar panel of the photovoltaic cell in unit time is increased; the household light following device of the photovoltaic cell is simple in structure and low in equipment input cost.

Description

Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), particularly relate to a kind of residents photovoltaic cell with electro-optical device.
Background technology
Solar-energy photo-voltaic cell (PV Cell), it is referred to as photovoltaic cell-Solar Cell, and it utilizes photovoltaic effect that the luminous energy of the sun is converted into electric energy.Photovoltaic effect, also known as " photovoltaic effect ", refers to that illumination makes inhomogeneos semiconductor or produces the phenomenon of potential difference between semiconductor and the different parts of corrupt split.Solar light irradiation photovoltaic cell, the photon of sunlight inspires electron hole pair in battery, and electronics and hole are moved respectively to the two ends of battery, forms path, just forms electric current, produce electric energy if outside.The generating efficiency of photovoltaic cell depends primarily on the amount that solar panel receives luminous energy.
Photovoltaic cell have pollution-free, environmental protection, by the restriction of resource distribution region, resource without exhausted dangerous, can generate electricity nearby in electricity consumption place, energy quality is high, obtain the advantage of the time of energy cost short, electric power system reliable operation.But the energy that the energy profile density that photovoltaic cell irradiates is little, obtain affected greatly by the four seasons, the meteorological condition such as round the clock and rain or shine.Therefore improving the generating efficiency of photovoltaic cell most important is exactly the luminous energy quantities received improving the photovoltaic cell solar panels unit interval.
Show through experimental data, photovoltaic cell rotates with daylight and follows the tracks of, and its efficiency of the photovoltaic cell of same size improves 35% ~ 40%.The employing of tracking technique, the shoulder of day generating peak value can be made wider flat, and time to peak Duan Gengchang, decreases the impact to electrical network.The photovoltaic cell plate serioparallel of tens, in order to improve the efficiency of photovoltaic cell, is integrated, carries out light source tracking by some photovoltaic DC field external, because bulky output investment ratio fixed installation in transmission, driving and control system exceeds more than 5 times.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, there is provided a kind of residents photovoltaic cell with electro-optical device, it can according to light conditions, regulate the angle of solar panels, solar panels are made to be in best luminous energy receiving angle all the time, improve the luminous energy quantities received of photovoltaic cell solar panels unit interval, structure is simple, and equipment investment cost is low.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device, its structure is as follows: the output shaft of motor rotated for controlling cam set is connected with the axle of cam set, driving solar panels take swingle as the cam set of axle center left rotation and right rotation is the cam that two installation directions are contrary, two cam coaxials connect, the lower end of the swingle that can rotate around support is fixed on support, the solar panels that can rotate around swingle are arranged on swingle, the upper end of expansion link is fixed on swingle top, and lower end is fixed on support.
Above-mentioned motor is that sensing regulates motor.
Above-mentioned solar panels are that photovoltaic cell independently rotates single piece plate.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, tool of the present invention is had the following advantages and effect:
Photovoltaic cell of the present invention is with electro-optical device, and it according to light conditions, can regulate the angle of solar panels, make solar panels be in best luminous energy receiving angle all the time, improve the luminous energy quantities received of photovoltaic cell solar panels unit interval.Structure of the present invention is simple, equipment investment cost is low, achieves photovoltaic cell single piece plate and independently rotates, and has and controls the features such as simple, actuating force is little, wind resistance is less demanding.Therefore, residents photovoltaic generation is more suitable for.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is main TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is side-looking structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1, motor, 2, cam set, 3, expansion link, 4, solar panels, 5, swingle, 6, support.
Embodiment
Clearly understanding to implement object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention being further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is just in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, residents photovoltaic cell of the present invention is with electro-optical device, and its concrete structure is as follows:
Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device, its structure is as follows: the output shaft for controlling the motor 1 that cam set 2 rotates is connected with the axle of cam set 2, solar panels 4 are driven to be the cam that two installation directions are contrary with the cam set 2 that swingle 5 is axle center left rotation and right rotation, two cam coaxials connect, the lower end of the swingle 5 that can rotate around support 6 is fixing on the frame 6, the solar panels 4 that can rotate around swingle 5 are arranged on swingle 5, the upper end of expansion link 3 is fixed on swingle 5 top, and lower end is fixing on the frame 6.
Above-mentioned motor 1 sensing regulates motor, and solar panels 4 independently rotate single piece plate for photovoltaic cell.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows:
In figure, motor 1 is the automatic control motor controlling cam rotation, and optimal selection sensing regulates motor, can be that dress is selected in timing, make cam set reach certain angle, or rotate according to light-operated induction.Cam set 2 is that two cam installation directions are contrary, to reach the object making solar panels 4 rotate, can regulate the size of the spacing between two cams or cam and eccentric size, makes the anglec of rotation of solar panels become large or diminish.Expansion link 3 in figure, it can set summer and winter two static stalls flexible scale, respectively can regulate once according to the orientation summer of the sun and winter every year, also can use motorized adjustment.In figure, solar panels 4 are arranged on swingle 5, can rotate, realize the angle adjustment of every day around swingle 5.In figure, swingle 5 is fixing on the frame 6, and can rotate around support, realizes the angle of inclination adjustment in annual summer and winter.Figure medium-height trestle 6 is integral support device.
Present invention achieves two rotations:
First rotation is that integral inclined angle rotates, cycle is 1 year, respectively can regulate once according to the orientation summer of the sun and winter every year, it can set summer and winter two static stalls flexible scale, general by manual adjustment expansion link 3, also can use transducer, setting program multi-scale automatic telescopic regulates, and adopts sensor settings program mode (PM) to control as routine techniques.Second rotation is the rotation of solar panels, by the cooperation of cam set 2, make solar panels 4 can be axle center left rotation and right rotation around swingle 5, cycle is one day, rotation can be set program in advance, which position some time on the same day reaches, also can be sensor installation, by automatically adjusting to the induction of light, sensor settings program mode (PM) is adopted to control as routine techniques, overall control two cams rotate and are completed by motor 1, a motor can control the rotation of full line solar panels 4, and each row stepping motor can be connected to same sensing data terminal.
Solar panels 4 are by swingle 5on two points of rotation up and down and 2 cams position, and swingle 5 is by support 6 and expansion link 3 locating locking.

Claims (3)

1. residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device, it is characterized in that structure is as follows: the output shaft for controlling the motor (1) that cam set (2) rotates is connected with the axle of cam set (2), solar panels (4) are driven to be the cam that two installation directions are contrary with the cam set (2) that swingle (5) is axle center left rotation and right rotation, two cam coaxials connect, the lower end of the swingle (5) that can rotate around support (6) is fixed on support (6), the solar panels (4) that can rotate around swingle (5) are arranged on swingle (5), the upper end of expansion link (3) is fixed on the top of swingle (5), lower end is fixed on support (6).
2. residents photovoltaic cell according to claim 1 is with electro-optical device, it is characterized in that described motor (1) is for sensing adjustment motor.
3. residents photovoltaic cell according to claim 1 is with electro-optical device, it is characterized in that described solar panels (4) independently rotate single piece plate for photovoltaic cell.
CN201310392187.XA 2013-09-03 2013-09-03 Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device Active CN104426467B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310392187.XA CN104426467B (en) 2013-09-03 2013-09-03 Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310392187.XA CN104426467B (en) 2013-09-03 2013-09-03 Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device

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CN104426467A true CN104426467A (en) 2015-03-18
CN104426467B CN104426467B (en) 2016-07-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104836520A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-08-12 赵守喆 Numerical control photovoltaic support system capable of time-phased tracking
CN106656003A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-10 北京华源拓达激光技术有限公司 Linkage type solar photovoltaic tracking system with cam driving apparatus

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090301467A1 (en) * 2008-06-05 2009-12-10 Hong-Wen Cheng Control Method and Device for Quasi-Uniaxial Sun Chase of Solar Panels
CN101728979A (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-06-09 徐波 Sun-chasing civil solar power supply device
CN102298393A (en) * 2011-06-16 2011-12-28 刘建中 Sunlight corresponding apparatus
CN202309572U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-07-04 齐齐哈尔大学 Low-cost solar photovoltaic cell panel sunlight tracking system
CN102541088A (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-07-04 楼云江 Solar tracking oriented one-dimensional driving two-dimensional output robot mechanism
CN203504484U (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-03-26 沈阳农业大学 Household photovoltaic light following device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090301467A1 (en) * 2008-06-05 2009-12-10 Hong-Wen Cheng Control Method and Device for Quasi-Uniaxial Sun Chase of Solar Panels
CN101728979A (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-06-09 徐波 Sun-chasing civil solar power supply device
CN102298393A (en) * 2011-06-16 2011-12-28 刘建中 Sunlight corresponding apparatus
CN202309572U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-07-04 齐齐哈尔大学 Low-cost solar photovoltaic cell panel sunlight tracking system
CN102541088A (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-07-04 楼云江 Solar tracking oriented one-dimensional driving two-dimensional output robot mechanism
CN203504484U (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-03-26 沈阳农业大学 Household photovoltaic light following device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104836520A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-08-12 赵守喆 Numerical control photovoltaic support system capable of time-phased tracking
CN106656003A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-10 北京华源拓达激光技术有限公司 Linkage type solar photovoltaic tracking system with cam driving apparatus

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