CN206191945U - Solar collector is trailed to parabolic slot type vertical scroll - Google Patents

Solar collector is trailed to parabolic slot type vertical scroll Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206191945U
CN206191945U CN201621241596.5U CN201621241596U CN206191945U CN 206191945 U CN206191945 U CN 206191945U CN 201621241596 U CN201621241596 U CN 201621241596U CN 206191945 U CN206191945 U CN 206191945U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic battery
battery panel
vacuum tube
stepper motor
speculum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201621241596.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱琳
王学振
邱凌
杨选民
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Northwest A&F University filed Critical Northwest A&F University
Priority to CN201621241596.5U priority Critical patent/CN206191945U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206191945U publication Critical patent/CN206191945U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar collector is trailed to parabolic slot type vertical scroll mainly includes photovoltaic cell board I, photovoltaic cell board II, speculum, vacuum tube, vacuum tube support I, vacuum tube support II, step motor, the control unit, battery, cold water pipe, hot -water line, rotary main shaft, hot -water line and cold water pipe are installed respectively in vacuum tube both ends around, and the vacuum tube is installed on vacuum tube support I and vacuum tube support II, and vacuum tube support I is installed on rotary main shaft with vacuum tube support II, both ends in about the speculum are installed respectively with photovoltaic cell board II to photovoltaic cell board I, and the speculum is installed on rotary main shaft, the control unit, battery, step motor install the front end at the speculum, the utility model discloses simple to operate, it is energy -efficient, especially be fit for district heating and the heat supply rural and remote mountain areas.

Description

A kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft tracks solar thermal collector
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of solar thermal collector, and in particular to a kind of suitable rural area and remote mountain areas heat supply and confession Warm paraboloid trough type vertical shaft tracking solar thermal collector.
Background technology
Existing solar thermal collector is flat-plate collector and fixed vacuum tube collector;Both solar thermal collectors Be difficult to make full use of the sunshine for being continually changing angle, the per day solar energy utilization ratio and heat-collecting temperature of solar thermal collector compared with It is low;And most of rural areas and mountain area still can not carry out central heating and heating, in consideration of it, at present in the urgent need to design is a kind of It is suitably for the motion tracking solar heat collector of rural area and remote mountain areas heat supply and heating.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art and defect, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of parabola Slot type vertical shaft tracks solar thermal collector, with the heating and the heat supply that improve collecting efficiency, be easy to as rural area and mountain area.
It is a kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft tracking sun that the utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem used Can heat collector, including photovoltaic battery panel I, photovoltaic battery panel II, speculum, vacuum tube, vacuum pipe holder I, vacuum pipe holder II, Cold water pipe, hot-water line, stepper motor, shaft coupling, control unit, battery, live spindle, preceding fixed support, rear fixed support;
Characterized in that, the hot-water line and cold water pipe are respectively arranged in the rear and front end of vacuum tube, the vacuum tube peace On vacuum pipe holder I and vacuum pipe holder II, the vacuum pipe holder I and vacuum pipe holder II are arranged on live spindle On, the photovoltaic battery panel I and photovoltaic battery panel II are respectively arranged in the left and right two ends of speculum, and the speculum is arranged on rotation Turn on main shaft, the live spindle is arranged on preceding fixed support and rear fixed support;Described photovoltaic battery panel I and photovoltaic electric Pond plate II converts light energy into power storage in battery, and the battery is used to be powered for stepper motor, and the control is single Unit, battery, stepper motor are installed in the front end of reflective mirror;The shaft coupling is used to connect live spindle and stepper motor Axle.
A kind of operation principle of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft of the utility model tracking solar thermal collector is:
Installed according to by heat collector North and South direction first, the angle set between live spindle and horizontal plane is to work as ground weft Degree, then cold water enters vacuum tube from cold water pipe end, and reflective mirror is converged to vacuum tube and it is heated, while photovoltaic cell Solar energy is converted into power storage in battery by plate I and photovoltaic battery panel II, when the angle of sunshine deflects, The intensity that two photovoltaic battery panels of reflective mirror or so receive sunshine changes, so as to the electricity for causing two photovoltaic battery panels to produce There is electrical potential difference in gesture, control unit controls the rotation direction of stepper motor according to electrical potential difference, be seen in the one end for installing control unit When examining, if the potential of photovoltaic battery panel I is more than zero with the electrical potential difference of photovoltaic battery panel II, stepper motor is rotated clockwise, if The potential of photovoltaic battery panel I is less than zero with the electrical potential difference of photovoltaic battery panel II, then stepper motor is rotated counterclockwise, if photovoltaic cell The potential of plate I is equal to zero with the electrical potential difference of photovoltaic battery panel II, then stepper motor is static.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that the sunshine of different angles can be tracked along east-west direction, and acquisition continues higher Heat-collecting effect, significantly improve per day collecting efficiency, and drive the power that speculum rotates entirely from photovoltaic battery panel The electric energy of conversion, without arrangement power supply and its circuit in addition, the characteristics of with easy for installation, efficient heat-collecting, energy-conservation, especially It is suitably for district heating and the heat supply of rural area and remote mountain areas.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description:
Fig. 1 is the front view that a kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft of the utility model tracks solar thermal collector.
Fig. 2 is the left view that a kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft of the utility model tracks solar thermal collector.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 tracks the front view of solar thermal collector, including photovoltaic electric for a kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft of the utility model Pond plate I(8), photovoltaic battery panel II(2), speculum(1), vacuum tube(3), vacuum pipe holder I(5), vacuum pipe holder II(11)、 Cold water pipe(6), hot-water line(10), stepper motor(15), shaft coupling(12), control unit(13), battery(14), live spindle (7), preceding fixed support(9), rear fixed support(4);The hot-water line(10)And cold water pipe(6)It is respectively arranged in vacuum tube(3) Left and right two ends, the vacuum tube(3)Installed in vacuum pipe holder I(5)With vacuum pipe holder II(11)On, the vacuum tube branch Frame I(5)With vacuum pipe holder II(11)Installed in live spindle(7)On, the photovoltaic battery panel I(8)With photovoltaic battery panel II (2)It is respectively arranged in speculum(1)Left and right two ends, the speculum(1)Installed in live spindle(7)On, the rotation master Axle(7)Installed in preceding fixed support(9)With rear fixed support(4)On, described control unit(13), battery(14), stepping electricity Machine(15)Installed in speculum(1)Front end;The shaft coupling(12)For connecting live spindle(7)And stepper motor(15)'s Axle.
Fig. 2 is the left view that a kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft of the utility model tracks solar thermal collector, and heat collector needs south The north makes reflective mirror to arrangement(1)East-west direction tracking, live spindle are carried out to the sun(7)Inclination angle between horizontal plane is big It is small to be set to local latitude number, photovoltaic battery panel I(8)With photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Power storage is converted light energy into electric power storage Pond(14)In, battery(14)For being stepper motor(15)Power supply;Control unit(13)According to photovoltaic battery panel I(8)And light Volt cell panel II(2)Electrical potential difference control stepper motor(15)Rotation with it is static, install control unit(13)One end see When examining, if photovoltaic battery panel I(8)Potential and photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Electrical potential difference be more than zero, then stepper motor(15)Up time Pin is rotated, if photovoltaic battery panel I(8)Potential and photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Electrical potential difference be less than zero, then stepper motor(15)It is inverse Hour hands are rotated, if photovoltaic battery panel I(8)Potential and photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Electrical potential difference be equal to zero, then stepper motor(15) Stop operating or remains stationary state.
Structure and working principle of the present utility model is explained with instantiation above, the utility model is not limited to Above example, according to above-mentioned description, all any modification, replacements made within spirit of the present utility model and principle With improve etc., should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft tracking solar thermal collector, including photovoltaic battery panel I(8), photovoltaic battery panel II(2)、 Speculum(1), vacuum tube(3), vacuum pipe holder I(5), vacuum pipe holder II(11), cold water pipe(6), hot-water line(10), stepping Motor(15), shaft coupling(12), control unit(13), battery(14), live spindle(7), preceding fixed support(9), it is rear fixed Support(4);The hot-water line(10)And cold water pipe(6)It is respectively arranged in vacuum tube(3)Left and right two ends, the vacuum tube(3) Installed in vacuum pipe holder I(5)With vacuum pipe holder II(11)On, the vacuum pipe holder I(5)With vacuum pipe holder II(11) Installed in live spindle(7)On, the photovoltaic battery panel I(8)With photovoltaic battery panel II(2)It is respectively arranged in speculum(1)'s Left and right two ends, the speculum(1)Installed in live spindle(7)On, the live spindle(7)Installed in preceding fixed support(9) With rear fixed support(4)On, described control unit(13), battery(14), stepper motor(15)Installed in speculum(1)Before End;The shaft coupling(12)For connecting live spindle(7)And stepper motor(15)Axle.
2. paraboloid trough type vertical shaft tracking solar thermal collector according to claim 1, needs North and South direction to arrange, makes reflective Mirror(1)East-west direction tracking, live spindle are carried out to the sun(7)Inclination angle between horizontal plane is dimensioned to local latitude Number, the photovoltaic battery panel I(8)With photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Power storage is converted light energy into battery(14)In, it is described Battery(14)For being stepper motor(15)Power supply;Control unit according to claim 1(13), it is characterised in that According to photovoltaic battery panel I(8)With photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Electrical potential difference control stepper motor(15)Rotation with it is static, peace Dress control unit(13)One end observe when, if photovoltaic battery panel I(8)Potential and photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Electrical potential difference it is big In zero, then stepper motor(15)Rotate clockwise, if photovoltaic battery panel I(8)Potential and photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Electrical potential difference Less than zero, then stepper motor(15)Rotate counterclockwise, if photovoltaic battery panel I(8)Potential and photovoltaic battery panel II(2)Potential Difference is equal to zero, then stepper motor(15)Stop operating or remains stationary state.
CN201621241596.5U 2016-11-21 2016-11-21 Solar collector is trailed to parabolic slot type vertical scroll Withdrawn - After Issue CN206191945U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621241596.5U CN206191945U (en) 2016-11-21 2016-11-21 Solar collector is trailed to parabolic slot type vertical scroll

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621241596.5U CN206191945U (en) 2016-11-21 2016-11-21 Solar collector is trailed to parabolic slot type vertical scroll

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206191945U true CN206191945U (en) 2017-05-24

Family

ID=58726724

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621241596.5U Withdrawn - After Issue CN206191945U (en) 2016-11-21 2016-11-21 Solar collector is trailed to parabolic slot type vertical scroll

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206191945U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106403313A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-02-15 西北农林科技大学 Paraboloidal groove type vertical-shaft tracking solar thermal collector
CN110220320A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-10 广东工业大学 A kind of reflected ray focusing device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106403313A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-02-15 西北农林科技大学 Paraboloidal groove type vertical-shaft tracking solar thermal collector
CN106403313B (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-04-17 西北农林科技大学 A kind of paraboloid trough type vertical shaft tracks solar thermal collector
CN110220320A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-10 广东工业大学 A kind of reflected ray focusing device

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Granted publication date: 20170524

Effective date of abandoning: 20180417