CN109209758B - Wind-solar integrated power generation device and use method thereof - Google Patents

Wind-solar integrated power generation device and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109209758B
CN109209758B CN201811306505.5A CN201811306505A CN109209758B CN 109209758 B CN109209758 B CN 109209758B CN 201811306505 A CN201811306505 A CN 201811306505A CN 109209758 B CN109209758 B CN 109209758B
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China
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power generation
wind
rotating shaft
motor
plane rotating
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CN201811306505.5A
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CN109209758A (en
Inventor
黄惠兰
闫桂林
李刚
文翔
刘卉
汤维
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/007Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with means for converting solar radiation into useful energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/06Rotors
    • F03D1/0608Rotors characterised by their form
    • F03D1/0633Rotors characterised by their form of the blades
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/06Rotors
    • F03D1/065Rotors characterised by their construction, i.e. structural design details
    • F03D1/0675Rotors characterised by their construction, i.e. structural design details of the blades
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/06Rotors
    • F03D3/062Construction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • F03D7/02Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor
    • F03D7/022Adjusting aerodynamic properties of the blades
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D80/00Details, components or accessories not provided for in groups F03D1/00 - F03D17/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/10Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy
    • F03D9/11Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy storing electrical energy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention provides a wind-solar integrated power generation device which comprises a solar tracking device and a power generation device, wherein the solar tracking device comprises a base, a horizontal plane rotating shaft, a support and a vertical plane rotating shaft, the base is provided with a first motor, the top end of the base is rotatably provided with the vertical plane rotating shaft, the horizontal plane rotating shaft is driven by the first motor, the upper part of the support is rotatably provided with the vertical plane rotating shaft which is transversely arranged, the side part of the support is provided with a second motor, and the vertical plane rotating shaft is driven by the second motor; the power generation device comprises a wind driven generator, the wind driven generator is fixedly installed in the middle of a vertical plane rotating shaft, a round solar photovoltaic panel is installed on an input shaft of the wind driven generator and comprises a plurality of fan-shaped blade plates, and the blade plates are respectively in rotating connection with the input shaft, so that the problem that the solar photovoltaic panel cannot generate power in the case of strong wind in cloudy days or weak or even no illumination intensity can be solved.

Description

Wind-solar integrated power generation device and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of power generation devices, and particularly relates to a wind and light integrated power generation device and a using method thereof.
Background
The high-speed development of economy and the improvement of the daily living standard of people can not avoid the consumption of energy, and fossil energy is used without restriction, so that people face serious energy crisis and environmental crisis. The development and search for new sustainable and clean alternative energy sources has been one of the most important topics in the 21 st century. Solar energy and wind energy are one of pollution-free energy sources, are inexhaustible and are always hot spots of research. However, since the power generated by solar energy is limited by the illumination intensity, photovoltaic power generation cannot be performed when it rains or the illumination intensity is low, but in this case, strong wind often accompanies the solar energy, and thus, how to generate power in a cloudy day with strong wind or when the illumination intensity is weak or absent is a research focus.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: the wind-solar integrated power generation device is provided to solve the problem that the solar photovoltaic panel cannot generate power in heavy wind or weak or even no illumination intensity in cloudy days, and further improve the power generation power and the power generation stability of the whole power generation device.
The second technical problem solved by the invention is to provide a photovoltaic power generation method.
The third technical problem solved by the invention is to provide a horizontal wind power generation method.
The fourth technical problem solved by the invention is to provide a vertical wind power generation method.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a wind and solar integrated power generation device comprises a solar tracking device and a power generation device, wherein the solar tracking device comprises a base, a horizontal plane rotating shaft, a support and a vertical plane rotating shaft, the base is provided with a first motor, the top end of the base is rotatably provided with the vertical horizontal plane rotating shaft, the horizontal plane rotating shaft is driven by the first motor, the bottom of the support is fixedly connected with the top end of the horizontal plane rotating shaft, the upper part of the support is rotatably provided with the horizontal plane rotating shaft which is transversely arranged, the side part of the support is provided with a second motor, and the vertical plane rotating shaft is driven by the second motor; the power generation device comprises a wind driven generator which is fixedly arranged in the middle of the vertical surface rotating shaft, a round solar photovoltaic panel is arranged on an input shaft of the wind driven generator, the solar photovoltaic panel comprises a plurality of fan-shaped blade plates, and the blade plates are respectively connected with the input shaft in a rotating mode.
As an improved mode, a plate shaft is arranged on the back surface of each blade plate, a third motor is fixedly mounted on the input shaft, and each plate shaft is in transmission connection with the third motor through a transmission device.
As an improvement, the solar photovoltaic panel comprises 4 uniformly-shaped blade plates.
As an improved mode, the support is a U-shaped support, and a flange plate is arranged at the bottom of the base.
As an improved mode, a locking device which enables the rotation angle of the vertical surface rotation shaft to be less than 180 degrees is installed on the support.
As an improved mode, the motor control system further comprises a controller, and the first motor, the second motor and the third motor are all connected with the controller.
In order to solve the second technical problem, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: a power generation method of a wind-solar integrated power generation device is characterized in that a controller is used for controlling and adjusting rotation of a vertical plane rotating shaft and a horizontal plane rotating shaft to adjust the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of a solar photovoltaic panel, and a third motor is controlled by the controller to adjust the rotation direction and the rotation angle of each blade plate, so that photovoltaic power generation is carried out after the plate surface of each blade plate is perpendicular to sunlight.
In order to solve the third technical problem, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a power generation method of a wind-solar integrated power generation device is characterized in that a controller controls and adjusts a vertical plane rotating shaft and a horizontal plane rotating shaft to rotate and adjust the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of a solar photovoltaic panel, so that the panel surface of the solar photovoltaic panel is perpendicular to the local current wind direction, and then the controller controls a panel shaft to rotate to enable a blade panel to rotate for a certain angle according to the wind speed to perform horizontal wind power generation.
In order to solve the fourth technical problem, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a power generation method of a wind-solar integrated power generation device is characterized in that a controller controls a vertical plane rotating shaft to rotate so that the surface of a solar photovoltaic panel is parallel to the ground, and then the controller controls the rotation of a panel shaft so that each blade panel rotates 90 degrees to perform vertical wind power generation.
The technical effect obtained by adopting the technical scheme is as follows:
compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the solar photovoltaic panel and the wind power generation integrated device realize integration of photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation of the solar photovoltaic panel, and are not used for simply combining two power generation devices together, so that the occupied space is reduced, and materials are saved;
2. according to the invention, while the free switching between photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation of the solar photovoltaic panel is realized, an optimal power generation mode can be selected according to the real-time illumination intensity and the wind speed, and the device can generate power with the appropriate maximum power generation power;
3. when the photovoltaic panel is used for wind power generation, two modes can be selected, and the wind power generation is respectively carried out in a vertical fan mode or a horizontal fan mode, so that the application range is wide;
4. according to the solar photovoltaic panel, the azimuth angle, the elevation angle and the rotation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel can be adjusted through the solar tracking device and the panel shaft, protection can be performed when severe weather or heavy snow is encountered, damage to the photovoltaic panel is reduced, and the service life is prolonged;
5. the shape of the solar photovoltaic panel is not fixed, the number of the panels is not limited, the solar photovoltaic panel can be determined and selected according to actual conditions, and the application range is wide.
Because the controller controls the rotation of the vertical plane rotating shaft and the horizontal plane rotating shaft to adjust the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel and controls the third motor to adjust the rotating direction and the angle of each blade plate, the panel of each blade plate is perpendicular to the sunlight and then carries out photovoltaic power generation.
Because the controller controls and adjusts the vertical plane rotating shaft and the horizontal plane rotating shaft to rotate and adjust the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel, the panel surface of the solar photovoltaic panel is vertical to the local wind direction, and then the controller controls the panel shaft to rotate to enable the blade panel to rotate for a certain angle according to the wind speed to perform horizontal wind power generation.
The controller controls the vertical plane rotating shaft to rotate so that the surface of the solar photovoltaic panel is parallel to the ground, and then the controller controls the rotation of the panel shaft to rotate each blade panel by 90 degrees so as to perform vertical wind power generation.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a solar photovoltaic panel photovoltaic power generation of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a solar photovoltaic panel array of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a wind power generation diagram of a solar photovoltaic panel in the form of a horizontal fan according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side view of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a wind power generation diagram of a solar photovoltaic panel in the form of a vertical fan according to the present invention;
in the figure, 1-solar photovoltaic panel, 11-blade panel, 2-panel shaft, 3-wind power generator, 4-vertical plane rotating shaft, 52-second motor, 53-third motor, 6-bracket, 7-horizontal plane rotating shaft and 8-base.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the wind and light integrated power generation device comprises a solar tracking device, a power generation device and a controller, wherein the solar tracking device comprises a base 8, a horizontal plane rotating shaft 7, a support 6 and a vertical plane rotating shaft 4, a first motor (not shown in the figure) is installed in the base 8, the top end of the base 8 is rotatably provided with the horizontal plane rotating shaft 7 which is vertically arranged, the horizontal plane rotating shaft 7 is driven by the first motor, the support 6 is a U-shaped support, and a flange plate is arranged at the bottom of the base 8. The upper part of the bracket 6 is rotatably provided with a vertical plane rotating shaft 4 which is transversely arranged, the side part of the bracket 6 is provided with a second motor 52, and the vertical plane rotating shaft 4 is driven by the second motor 52. The bracket 6 is provided with a locking device which can lead the rotation angle of the vertical plane rotating shaft 4 to be less than 180 degrees.
Power generation facility includes aerogenerator 3, 3 fixed mounting of aerogenerator are in 4 middle parts of perpendicular axis of rotation, install circular shape solar photovoltaic board 1 on aerogenerator 3's the input shaft, solar photovoltaic board 1 includes the sectorial lamina membranacea 11 of a plurality of, the back of every lamina membranacea 11 is equipped with a board axle 2, fixed mounting has third motor 53 on the input shaft, each board axle 2 passes through transmission and is connected with the transmission of third motor 53, board axle 2 is located 1 back central point in the solar photovoltaic board, the direction of rotation and the angle of board axle 2 are controlled through third motor 53, and then the direction of rotation and the angle of every lamina membranacea 11 of control. The shape and the number of the blade plates 11 are not fixed, and can be selected according to local actual conditions and various considerations, the invention takes 4 fan-shaped blade plates 11 with the same shape as an example for explanation, the photovoltaic plates integrally form a circular ring plate array, and the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the whole plate array of the solar photovoltaic plates 1 can be adjusted through the solar tracking device, so that the whole device is vertical to sunlight during photovoltaic power generation and vertical to natural wind during wind power generation. When wind power generation is carried out, the rotor of the wind power generator 3 rotates along with the plate array formed by the solar photovoltaic plates 1 blown by wind, and wind power generation is carried out.
The wind and light integrated power generation device further comprises a controller, and the first motor, the second motor 52 and the third motor 53 are all connected with the controller. The controller controls the first motor to adjust the rotation direction and angle of the horizontal plane rotating shaft 7, so as to adjust the azimuth angle and altitude angle of the solar photovoltaic panel 1 in the horizontal direction, ensure that the solar photovoltaic panel 1 is vertical to sunlight during photovoltaic power generation and vertical to natural wind during wind power generation, and after the power generation mode is determined, the device can generate power with the appropriate maximum power generation power; the rotation direction and the angle of the vertical plane rotating shaft 4 are controlled by the second motor 52, so that the azimuth angle and the altitude angle of the solar photovoltaic panel 1 in the vertical direction are adjusted, the solar photovoltaic panel 1 is ensured to be vertical to sunlight during photovoltaic power generation and vertical to natural wind during wind power generation, and after the power generation mode is determined, the device can generate power with the appropriate maximum power generation power; the rotation direction and the angle of the plate shaft 2 are controlled by the third motor 53, so that the photovoltaic plate 1 is ensured to have a proper angle when horizontal wind power generation is carried out, is perpendicular to natural wind when vertical shaft power generation is carried out, and can generate power with the proper maximum power generation power of the device after the power generation mode is determined.
The wind-solar integrated power generation device is characterized in that the local illumination intensity and the local wind speed are measured and input into the whole control system, the corresponding power generation power can be calculated according to parameters such as power generation efficiency, energy utilization coefficient, working area and the like of the device under different power generation modes, the optimal power generation mode is selected according to actual conditions, the optimal power generation mode is converted into a current signal to control the work of a motor, the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel 1 and the rotation angle of each blade plate 11 are adjusted, and the purpose of generating power with the maximum power generation power suitable for the device is achieved.
The method for carrying out photovoltaic power generation by using the wind-solar integrated power generation device comprises the following steps: when the optimal power generation mode is judged to be photovoltaic power generation, the rotation directions and angles of the vertical plane rotation shaft 4 and the horizontal plane rotation shaft 7 are controlled through the motor, the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel 1 are adjusted, the rotation directions and angles of the blade plates 11 are adjusted through the motor of the plate shaft 2, the plate surface of each blade plate 11 is perpendicular to the sunlight, and the purpose that the device generates power with the appropriate maximum power generation power is achieved.
The method for generating power by using the wind-solar integrated power generation device in the form of a horizontal fan comprises the following steps: when the optimal power generation mode is judged to be wind power generation in a form of a horizontal fan, the rotation directions and angles of the vertical plane rotating shaft 4 and the horizontal plane rotating shaft 7 are controlled through the motor, the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel 1 are adjusted, the panel surface of the solar photovoltaic panel 1 is perpendicular to the local wind direction, the blade plate 11 is controlled to rotate by a certain angle through the panel shaft 2, the specific angle can be determined according to the shape and the number of the selected blade plates 11 and the wind speed, and at the moment, the whole device can perform wind power generation in a form of a horizontal fan, as shown in fig. 3 and 4.
The method for generating power by using the wind-solar integrated power generation device in the form of the vertical fan comprises the following steps: when the optimal power generation mode is judged to be wind power generation in the form of a vertical fan, the rotation of the vertical plane rotating shaft 4 is controlled by the motor, so that the plate surface of the solar photovoltaic plate 1 is parallel to the ground, and then each blade plate 11 rotates by 90 degrees by the rotation of the motor control plate shaft 2, and at the moment, the whole device performs wind power generation in the form of a vertical fan, as shown in fig. 5.
The wind-solar integrated power generation device provided by the invention realizes free conversion of photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation of the solar photovoltaic panel 1, can select an optimal power generation mode suitable for the device by collecting the local illumination intensity and wind speed of the same day, can select two power generation modes of a horizontal fan and a vertical fan during wind power generation, improves the power generation power of the solar photovoltaic panel 1, prolongs the power generation time, and has wider application range than other power generation devices.
In addition, when storm or other severe weather and the like are not suitable for power generation, the device can also adjust the direction and the angle of the solar photovoltaic panel 1 through the system, reduce the damage to the solar photovoltaic panel 1 and prolong the service life of the device.

Claims (4)

1. A wind-solar integrated power generation device is characterized by comprising a solar tracking device, a power generation device and a controller,
the solar tracking device comprises a base, a horizontal plane rotating shaft, a support and a vertical plane rotating shaft, wherein the base is provided with a first motor, the top end of the base is rotatably provided with the horizontal plane rotating shaft which is vertically arranged, the horizontal plane rotating shaft is driven by the first motor, the bottom of the support is fixedly connected with the horizontal plane rotating shaft, the upper part of the support is rotatably provided with the vertical plane rotating shaft which is horizontally arranged, the side part of the support is provided with a second motor, and the vertical plane rotating shaft is driven by the second motor;
the power generation device comprises a wind driven generator which is fixedly arranged in the middle of the vertical surface rotating shaft, a round solar photovoltaic panel is arranged on an input shaft of the wind driven generator, the solar photovoltaic panel comprises a plurality of fan-shaped blade plates, and the blade plates are respectively connected with the input shaft in a rotating mode; the back of each blade plate is provided with a plate shaft, a third motor is fixedly mounted on the input shaft, and each plate shaft is in transmission connection with the third motor through a transmission device; the first motor, the second motor and the third motor are all connected with the controller;
the device generates electricity with proper maximum generating power, and the control method comprises the following steps:
when the optimal power generation mode is judged to be photovoltaic power generation, the controller controls and adjusts the rotation of the vertical plane rotating shaft and the horizontal plane rotating shaft to adjust the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel, and the controller controls the third motor to adjust the rotating direction and the rotating angle of each blade plate, so that the photovoltaic power generation is carried out after the plate surface of each blade plate is vertical to the sunlight;
when the optimal power generation mode is judged to be wind power generation in a form of a horizontal fan, the controller controls and adjusts the vertical plane rotating shaft and the horizontal plane rotating shaft to rotate to adjust the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the solar photovoltaic panel, so that the panel surface of the solar photovoltaic panel is perpendicular to the local current wind direction, and then the controller controls the panel shaft to rotate to enable the blade panel to rotate by a certain angle according to the wind speed to perform horizontal wind power generation;
when the optimal power generation mode is judged to be wind power generation in a vertical fan mode, the controller controls the vertical plane rotating shaft to rotate so that the plate surface of the solar photovoltaic plate is parallel to the ground, and then the controller controls the plate shaft to rotate so that each blade plate rotates 90 degrees to perform vertical wind power generation.
2. The wind-solar integrated power generation device of claim 1, wherein the solar photovoltaic panel comprises 4 uniformly shaped blade panels.
3. The wind-solar integrated power generation device of claim 1, wherein the support is a U-shaped support, and a flange is arranged at the bottom of the base.
4. The wind-solar integrated power generation device of claim 1, wherein the bracket is provided with a locking device which enables the rotation angle of the vertical plane to be less than 180 degrees.
CN201811306505.5A 2018-11-05 2018-11-05 Wind-solar integrated power generation device and use method thereof Active CN109209758B (en)

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CN109209758B true CN109209758B (en) 2021-05-14

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