CN109424892A - A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section - Google Patents

A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109424892A
CN109424892A CN201710782812.XA CN201710782812A CN109424892A CN 109424892 A CN109424892 A CN 109424892A CN 201710782812 A CN201710782812 A CN 201710782812A CN 109424892 A CN109424892 A CN 109424892A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wind
solar panel
supporting rod
solar
telescopic supporting
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CN201710782812.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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李�杰
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李�杰
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Priority to CN201710782812.XA priority Critical patent/CN109424892A/en
Publication of CN109424892A publication Critical patent/CN109424892A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/04Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a generator
    • F21S9/043Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a generator driven by wind power, e.g. by wind turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • F21S9/035Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light the solar unit being integrated within the support for the lighting unit, e.g. within or on a pole
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/103Outdoor lighting of streets or roads
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of street lamp lighting, specially a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section.In the state that national energy conservation and emission reduction dynamics continues to increase, various regions gradually adopt solar street light to substitute traditional alternating current street lighting, but photovoltaic efficiency is low, the deficiency of generated energy consequently leads to again limit the popularization of solar street light in the lighting market the defects of rainy days, lighting quality was poor.When rainy weather is that wind-force is stronger, if using the generated energy that can be improved solar panels while wind-power electricity generation again, the situation of solar street light lighting quality difference rainy days can be made to be greatly improved, the present invention provides a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation technologies at adjustable solar panels inclination angle, solar panels are made to face the sun always, receive more direct solar radiation amounts, wind power generation can be used again, it is identical with installed capacity and compared with the changeless wind and light complementary road lamp in inclination angle, photovoltaic power generation quantity of the invention will improve 50% or so.

Description

A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of street lamp lighting, specially a kind of wind light mutual complementing road of solar panels tilt adjustable section Lamp.
Background technique
With the continuous reinforcement of national new energy source energy-saving environmental protection policy, coal fired power generation is gradually decreased, increases renewable energy Use by be national future source of energy policy developing direction, the public illuminations such as highway, road lighting are power consumption rich and influential family, light It is the ratio that city public lighting electricity consumption just accounts for 30% in China's illumination power consumption, accounts for the 10 ~ 12% of whole nation power generation total amount.So The important hand that traditional alternating current street lighting can be regarded as energy-saving and emission-reduction, pollute air treating is substituted using solar street light Section, solar street light is environmentally protective, without the advantages such as power consumption, easy for installation, safety durable allow its in the lighting market gradually by To welcome, but certain the defects of the solar panel generating efficiency of solar street light is low, rainy days cannot effectively illuminate The popularization of solar street light in the lighting market is again limited in degree.And rainy weather is when being that wind-force is stronger, so Also occurs a part of wind and light complementary road lamp in the market, it is desirable to which solar street light lighting quality rainy days is poor to ask with this to make up Topic, but since the problems such as wind turbine power generation low efficiency, breeze start-up is not well solved, rainy days illuminates matter The problem of amount difference is not well solved still, in addition its cost is higher than solar street light, cost performance official post its more Market is difficult for be received, so, the generated energy of wind and light complementary road lamp how is improved, improves wind and light complementary road lamp in overcast and rainy season In lighting quality difference and the problem of improve its cost performance, this is the skill urgently to be resolved that current wind and light complementary road lamp is encountered Art problem.
Summary of the invention
In view of the foregoing drawbacks, the present invention makes mesh by providing a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section The wind and light complementary road lamp that preceding generating efficiency is low, cost performance is low is changed into the wind and light complementary road lamp that generating efficiency is high, cost performance is high, It can save energy the needs of environment-friendly street lamp market continues to develop to meet.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section includes solar panel, controller/inverter one Machine, battery, lighting source, driving device, pillar, wind-driven generator unit etc., the fixed peace of the wind-driven generator unit Mounted in the top of pillar, the lighting source contains heat radiation light source and glow discharge spot lamp two major classes, the electric power storage Pond refers to electrochemical energy storage cell, includes lithium battery, graphene battery etc., and the solar panel has two groups, symmetrically The two sides that pillar is separately mounted to pillar are clipped, may be mounted at any place in addition to pillar top, every group of sun The bottom faces of energy solar panel are equipped with two bars crosswise, and in place of bar right-angled intersection and its left and right is welded or bolt is fixed N retaining ring is installed, retaining ring shape is similar to omega, bolt hole, two groups of solar batteries are reserved on its root Back upper and lower ends are respectively welded or bolt is fixedly installed with a cross bar, two group solar panels of the cross bar pillar two sides It is connected as one, a hinged combination is installed in place of the cross bar bottom face pillar of upper end or lower end, driving device is logical It crosses this hinged combination to be integrally connected with cross bar, wherein the top for belonging to the telescopic supporting rod of one of driving device passes through Hinged combination is hingedly connected with cross bar, respectively welds or is bolted on the different position of pillar height and is fixedly installed with one A support frame, the support frame of two different locations are paired into one group, and N group can be equipped on pillar, no matter street lamp is along south North trend/or east-west arrangement installation, support frame are all mounted in the east or west of pillar, in the east or west The same side is equipped with N group support frame or is respectively equipped with 1/2N group support frame with west in the east, works as in each group of support frame In, the support frame welding of top or bolt are fixedly connected with bearing, an axis are passed through retaining ring all on solar panel With the bearing on pillar, solar panel is connected and fixed using the bolt hole that high-strength bolt penetrates on retaining ring root and is mounted on On axis, makes it with coaxially rotating, thus solar panel and pillar are connected, in the axis at left and right sides of bearing Insertion pin, prevents the movement of axis in the horizontal direction, and welding or bolt are fixedly connected driving device on the support frame of lower section, Wherein, the base under the telescopic supporting rod of one of driving device is directly fixedly mounted on the support frame, the intelligent control in base System controls motor therein, and telescopic supporting rod is allowed to carry out free stretching motion, driving electricity according to the variation of time Self power generation of the electric power of machine in battery, the support frame are made of L-type support or triangular supports, each support Frame has M group L-type support or a triangular supports, and the hinged combination is by an articulated mounting and one with hole Component or bearing are constituted, and there are two types of the mounting means of the articulated mounting, the first is fixedly mounted on cross bar in company with horizontal Bar rotation, and the component with hole or bearing that are fixedly mounted on the drive means do bidirectional-movement in company with driving device;Second Kind, which is fixedly mounted in driving device, does bidirectional-movement in company with driving device, and is fixedly mounted on the structure with hole on cross bar Part or bearing are rotated in company with cross bar, and the articulated mounting in the hinged combination refers to that connected component cannot occur in junction Relative movement, but can relatively rotate comprising it is semirigid and as bearing plus hinged made of pin shaft transformation Device, pin shaft therein pass through the hole on device and the component with hole using bolt, the articulated mounting, pin shaft Or bearing hinge connection is connected, articulated mounting bottom parts be mounted in cross bar or driving device carry out welding or bolt fix Connection, the bottom parts with opening component or bearing are mounted on welding or bolt on driving device or cross bar and are fixedly connected It being integrated, the retaining ring, cross bar, bar, axis, support frame, the material hingedly combined are aluminium alloy or stainless steel, the N, M, n is the multiple value of odd number or even number, it is characterised in that: street lighting is using the regenerative resource power supply in battery, completely Without using alternating current;The renewable energy contains caused by wind power generating set and solar panel on pillar Wind-powered electricity generation and two kinds of solar energy, are stored in battery by controller/inverter all-in-one machine, wherein the solar energy hair The solar panel of electricity does not use photovoltaic bracket, and with the variation of time, driving device will generate bidirectional-movement, by hinged Combination driving solar panel is with coaxially rotating, to make the inclination angle of solar panel with the variation of time And be changed, the wind power generating set includes trunnion axis and vertical axis aerogenerator group two major classes, wherein vertical axis Wind power generating set includes two class of lift-type and resistance-type again, and the power generation of wind power generating set includes off-network type and grid type two Kind mode, the solar panel refer to the component that solar energy is changed into this characteristic of electric energy, include photovoltaic Ceramic tile, photovoltaic color steel tile, the type of component include monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, amorphous silicon and multi-element compounds solar-electricity Pond, the driving device refer to and provide the device of powered acting by motor, and wherein motor includes direct current and friendship The driving device of the motor of stream, asynchronous and synchronous, linear motion and rotary motion, the retractable support of one of described driving device Bar, material are aluminium alloy or stainless steel, and the structure of telescopic supporting rod is that it passes through spiral shell by the threaded screw rod that diameter does not wait in vivo Female and cover for seat is accurately set in together and rotates freely with the body of rod, and forming threading action pair is by handing over when it makees stretching motion Galvanic electricity machine or direct current generator drive speed reducing gear pair, drive all threaded screw rod synchronous screws to rotate, pass through nut and cover for seat The spiral rotating movement of the transmission is changed into the linear motion of the body of rod, thus realize the stretching motion of telescopic supporting rod, When determining retractable support pole length, the numerical value of the measured L2 arrived and L3 when using summer, telescopic supporting rod total length L point It is three sections, first segment is section of foundation, and length immobilizes as L1, and second segment is interlude, and length is mutually all with contracted length L2, third section are top sections, and length is mutually all L3 with extended length, so length L=L1+L2+L3 of telescopic supporting rod, institute The adjusting changed over time at solar panel inclination angle is stated there are two types of mode, the time of adjusting is divided into three sections, and the first stage is Morning time section, from AM6:00 to AM11:00, adjustment solar panel is faced in the east;Second stage is noon section, from AM11:00 to PM14:00 adjusts solar panel into horizontality;Phase III be the period in the afternoon, from PM14:00 to PM18:00, adjustment solar panel face west, automatically restore to again more than solar panel after PM18:00 horizontal State, the first regulative mode be within one day only adjust three times, the one step section of optimum angle of incidence of solar panel in place after, The morning, high noon, afternoon each period in will be stationary, until the next period arrive until;Second of regulative mode It is repeatedly to be finely tuned within one day, the method is with the solar panel in the above-mentioned morning or sometime the period in the afternoon Optimum angle of incidence on the basis of, by certain time interval, the inclination angle in the morning or is finely adjusted the period in the afternoon, when high noon Between inclination angle in section without fine tuning, the regulative mode at the first solar panel inclination angle be the morning at the first time Section, intelligence control system start the motor on telescopic supporting rod base, adjust motor when telescopic supporting rod contracted length reaches L2 Stop operating so that solar panel plane of rotation towards the east at optimum angle of incidence, the length of telescopic supporting rod is L1 at this time;Just Noon second time period, intelligence control system start the motor on telescopic supporting rod base, adjust telescopic supporting rod extended length and reach Motor stalls when to L2, so that solar panel rotation is restored to horizontality again, inclination angle zero, retractable support at this time The length of bar is L1+L2;Third period in the afternoon, intelligence control system start the motor on telescopic supporting rod base, adjust Telescopic supporting rod extended length stops operating when reaching L3 so that solar panel plane of rotation towards west at optimum angle of incidence, this When telescopic supporting rod length be L1+L2+L3, if telescopic supporting rod is mounted on west, regulative mode and it is above-mentioned antithesis, Horizontality is automatically restored to again more than solar panels after PM18:00.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is top plan view: symbol 1 is wind-driven generator unit, and symbol 2 is solar panel, and symbol 3 is driving The telescopic supporting rod of one of device, symbol 4 are retaining ring, and symbol 5 is bar, and symbol 6 is bearing, and symbol 7 is hinged combination, symbol 8 For pillar, symbol 9 is axis, and symbol 10 is cross bar, and symbol 11 is street lamp;Fig. 2 is front and back side view: symbol 12 is the support of bearing Frame, symbol 13 are the support frame of driving device, and symbol 14 is the base of the telescopic supporting rod of one of driving device;Fig. 3 is right side View;Fig. 4 is left side view;Fig. 5 is solar panel tilt adjustment schematic diagram-morning: Fig. 6 is solar panel inclination angle Adjust schematic diagram-high noon;Fig. 7 is solar panel tilt adjustment schematic diagram-afternoon;Fig. 8 is wind-driven generator package assembly Figure: symbol 1 is main shaft, and symbol 2 is lift force blade, and symbol 3 is connecting rod, and symbol 4 is wheel hub, and symbol 5 is power generator, symbol 6 For speed regulation device, 7 connecting shaft of symbol;Fig. 9 is wind power generating set top view;Figure 10 is the structure of speed regulation device flexural pivot Figure;Figure 11 is the main view of the telescopic supporting rod of one of driving device, and symbol 14 is base.
Specific implementation method
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, the present invention is described further below in conjunction with attached drawing, which is only used for It explains the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention..
With reference to Fig. 1 ~ 4, wind and light complementary road lamp uses wind energy and solar power generation powered lighting, saves the electricity charge, reduce The usage amount of coal fired power generation has good economic benefit and ecological effect, is advocating energy-saving and emission-reduction at present, ought to be by city Welcome, but wind and light complementary road lamp currently on the market, since to be unable to breeze start-up, wind energy utilization low for wind-driven generator And the low equal technical reasons of solar energy generating efficiency, cause generated energy few, affects wind and light complementary road lamp in the illumination of rainy days Quality, cost performance is poor compared with solar street light, promotes and applies in the market to hinder it.Low optoelectronic transformation efficiency with And wind-powered electricity generation conversion ratio is difficult in a short time in the state of effectively improving, and how substantially effectively to go to improve road using solar energy and wind energy The generating efficiency of lamp solar panel, this is that a current wind and light complementary road lamp illuminates technical problem urgently to be resolved, and with The time variation de-regulation street lamp solar panels inclination angle and reduce wind-power electricity generation threshold wind velocity and improve its wind energy Utilization rate is exactly an effective solution mode.The inclination angle of solar panels refers to the folder of solar panel plane and horizontal plane Angle, the solar radiation quantity influence that inclination angle can receive solar panel is very big, directly influences solar power generation amount Size have solar panel thereby, it is ensured that solar panel can obtain the direct amount of radiation of the sun as much as possible There is an optimum incline angle to be just particularly important.The installation form of the solar panels of wind and light complementary road lamp is only fixed at present Formula, for fixed type photovoltaic component, once being installed, the inclination angle of solar panel can not just change, and thus can only connect Lighting quality by morning wind and light complementary road lamp.In order to enable solar panels to there is a optimum angle of incidence to face the sun always, to connect Receive maximum, effective solar energy directly radiate and wind-driven generator can breeze start-up, the present invention provides a kind of sun Energy solar panel is installed in place back bearing and immobilizes, but the technology that solar panel inclination angle is adjustable, and a kind of Can breeze start-up and the high wind driven generator technology of wind energy utilization so that the generated energy of wind and light complementary road lamp has obtained greatly It improves on ground.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1 ~ 7,
Wind power generating set 1 is installed on 8 top of pillar, under two groups of solar panels 2, two groups of solar energy are installed Solar panel 2 is linked together by cross bar 10, and hinged combination 7 is equipped on cross bar 10, and the telescopic supporting rod 3 of one of driving device is logical It crosses hinged combination 7 to be linked together with solar panel 2, an axis 9 passes through retaining ring 4 and branch all on solar panel Bearing 6 on column 8 is linked together solar panel 2 with pillar, and solar panel 2 can be rotated together around axis 9, axis There is a support frame 12 to be fixedly connected under holding 9 with pillar 8, the base 14 of telescopic supporting rod 3 is fixedly mounted on support frame 13, support Frame 13 is fixedly connected with pillar 8, and with the movement of the sun from east to west, intelligence control system will open the elongation of telescopic supporting rod It is moved with the twocouese of contraction, rotates solar panel square 2 around axis 9, to change solar energy in time The inclination angle of solar panel 2 becomes optimum angle of incidence, and the tilt adjustment mode of solar panels 2 is as described below.
The working principle of the telescopic supporting rod 3 of one of driving device is that the internal threaded screw rod not waited by diameter of bar passes through Nut and cover for seat are accurately set in together and rotate freely with the body of rod, form threading action pair, when work, by alternating current generator or DC powered speed reducing gear pair drives all threaded screw rod synchronous screws to rotate, by nut and cover for seat by the transmission The linear motion that spiral rotating movement is changed into the body of rod makes solar panel to realize the bidirectional-movement of telescopic supporting rod Always it is in the state of an optimum angle of incidence, the optimum angle of incidence in each period refers to that solar energy is sent out within each period It is formed by inclination angle when electricity maximum, is essentially so that maximum sunshine can be received on the inclined surface of solar panel Amount of radiation, so that inclination angle of the sunlight approximation direct projection eradiation in the plane of solar panel is optimum angle of incidence, according to this The angle value of a optimum angle of incidence is converted into the specific L2 and L3 numerical value for shrinking or extending required for telescopic supporting rod again, When determining retractable support pole length, the numerical value of the measured L2 arrived and L3, telescopic supporting rod total length L when using summer It is divided into three sections, first segment is section of foundation, and length immobilizes as L1, and second segment is interlude, and length is identical as contracted length For L2, third section is top section, and length is mutually all L3 with extended length, so length L=L1+L2+L3 of telescopic supporting rod, When telescopic supporting rod is at fully collapsed condition, the length of second, third section of protrusion part is also included in the length of correspondent section.
There are two types of mode, the time of adjusting is divided into three sections for the adjusting changed over time at solar panel inclination angle, and first Stage is morning time section, and from AM6:00 to AM11:00, adjustment solar panel is faced in the east;Second stage is positive the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m Between section, from AM11:00 to PM14:00, adjust solar panel at horizontality;Phase III is the period in the afternoon, from PM14:00 to PM18:00, adjustment solar panel face west, again automatic more than solar panel after PM18:00 to restore To horizontality, the first regulative mode is only to adjust within one day three times, one step of optimum angle of incidence of solar panel Section in place after, the morning, high noon, afternoon each period in will be stationary, until the next period arrive until;Second Regulative mode was repeatedly finely tuned within one day, and the method is with the sun in the above-mentioned morning or sometime the period in the afternoon On the basis of the optimum angle of incidence of energy solar panel, by certain time interval, the inclination angle in the morning or is carried out the period in the afternoon micro- It adjusts, the inclination angle in noon section is without fine tuning.Usually solar panel is horizontality before adjusting, and works as retractable support When bar 3 is mounted on the east, the length of telescopic supporting rod 3 is L1+L2, morning first time period, from AM6:00 to AM11:00, intelligence It can control the motor on system starting 3 base of telescopic supporting rod, adjusting telescopic supporting rod contracted length is L2, so that solar-electricity Pond plate 2 around 9 plane of rotation of axis towards the east at optimum angle of incidence, the length of telescopic supporting rod 3 is L1 at this time, referring to Fig. 5;When high noon second Between section, from AM11:00 to PM14:00, intelligence control system start 3 base of telescopic supporting rod on motor, adjust retractable support 3 extending length of bar is L2, so that solar panel 2 is rotated around axis 9 restores horizontality again, inclination angle zero, branch of stretching at this time The length of strut 3 is L1+L2, referring to Fig. 6;The third period in the afternoon, from PM14:00 to PM18:00, intelligence control system starting Motor on 3 base of telescopic supporting rod, 3 extended length of telescopic supporting rod is L3, so that solar panel 2 is around 9 plane of rotation of axis Towards west at optimum angle of incidence, the length of telescopic supporting rod 3 is L1+L2+L3 at this time, referring to Fig. 7.If telescopic supporting rod 3 is installed At west, regulative mode and it is above-mentioned antithesis, after PM18:00 point, solar panels 1 automatically restore to horizontality again.
In the rainy days of not sunshine, blast is avoided to be possible to the damage to solar panel, can stopped to the time Control, make solar panels horizontality always, until having sunshine;The thicker region of accumulated snow in winter, can be inclination angle It is transferred to maximum, prevents accumulated snow on solar panel 2 from thickening, in order to avoid damage solar panel;The extreme weather that happens suddenly is occurring When, solar panel quilt can also be avoided at horizontality by long-range remote control system, manual adjustment solar panel Extreme weather is damaged.
Wind power generating set is most important component part in wind and solar hybrid generating system, because its wind-powered electricity generation conversion ratio is light 2 ~ 3 times or so of volt power generation, so the height of the generating efficiency of wind power generating set, directly influences the hair of wind light mutual complementing power generation Electricity size.The present invention can use the patented product of wind-driven generator, and with reference to shown in Fig. 8 ~ 10: this is according to the present invention One of wind power generating set, a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator of wind wheel blade adjustable speed, the patent No.: ZL201220211943.5.This is a kind of improved vertical axis wind power generator, it improves wind wheel by changing attack angle of blade Runnability, adapt to the variation of wind speed, adjust the relationship between wind speed and wind driven generator load.It solves so vertical at present The problem of axis wind power generator blade stall, makes wind-power electricity generation function work in wider wind speed range, in high wind speed Duan Yi So it is able to maintain the steady output of power.Greatly improve the whole generating efficiency of wind-driven generator.As with reference to shown in Fig. 8,9: A kind of vertical axis aerogenerator of the present invention, including main shaft 1 perpendicular to the ground, the power generation being mounted below main shaft 1 Device 5, the upper and lower wheel hub 4 being connected on main shaft 1, the lift force blade 2 of three pieces of winglike structures, three pieces of lift force blades 2 are logical Connecting rod 3 is crossed to be equally spaced around main shaft 1;Every piece of lift force blade 2 corresponds to upper and lower two groups of connecting rods 3, and every group of connecting rod 3 is two, point Not Lian Jie lift force blade 2 and wheel hub 4, two of described every group connections 3 strut to form angle beta, and angle beta selection is at 30 degree -60 Between degree, the whole endurance of connecting rod can be improved with this;The lower hub is connect by even disk with power generator 5, and lift is worked as The rotation band runner hub of blade 2 rotates, to make power generator starting operation by even disk.In the rotation of lift force blade 2, work as wind When speed is more than its rated wind speed, speed regulation device will start to adjust angle of attack a, and lift force blade 2 is made to start to swing.Wind speed is bigger, Its angle of attack a will become bigger, and the amplitude of fluctuation of lift force blade 2 also expands therewith, and the maximum angle of angle of attack a is ± 15 degree.Such as ginseng Examine shown in Figure 10: this is wind-speed adjusting device flexural pivot structure chart, uses high-precision steel bearing balls in ball face, passes through Casting-forging method wraps steel ball, and after keeping handle to be shaped, connecting rod and ball chain are connected together by special welding.In addition, In outer ring, outer diameter part machined rolling screw, can be simply mounted in connecting rod 3, can reach as long as by screw tightening does not have The solid fixation in gap.Its working principle is that: wind wheel, when wind speed is more than its rated wind speed, is mounted on wind in rotation Speed regulation device on leaf will start to adjust angle of attack a, and blade is made to start to swing.Wind speed is bigger, and angle of attack a will become bigger, The amplitude of fluctuation of blade also expands therewith, and the maximum angle of angle of attack a is ± 15 degree.The speed regulation of fan blade, avoids under High Angle of Attack The stall conditions of fan blade.It, can be by the cost of vertical-axis generators since this structure eliminates electromagnetic brake device in generator 15% is reduced, due to avoiding the stall of fan blade, guarantees that blower is still able to maintain the steady output of power in high wind speed section, in this way Whole generating efficiency can be made to be improved.
A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section of the invention adjusts solar battery due to using Plate inclination angle and breeze start-up, adjustable speed wind-driven generator innovative technology, under same installed capacity state, with too It is positive can plate inclination angle immobilizes, the wind and light complementary road lamp that is unable to breeze start-up, cannot adjust the speed is compared, generated energy of the invention increases more Adding 50% or so, cost performance is high, so, the present invention has good energy-saving and emission-reduction social effect and economic benefit.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section includes solar panel, controller/inverter one Body machine, battery, lighting source, driving device, pillar, wind-driven generator unit etc., the wind-driven generator unit are fixed It is mounted on the top of pillar, the lighting source contains heat radiation light source and glow discharge spot lamp two major classes, the storage Battery refers to electrochemical energy storage cell, includes lithium battery, graphene battery etc., and the solar panel has two groups, symmetrically Ground clips the two sides that pillar is separately mounted to pillar, may be mounted at any place in addition to pillar top, every group too The bottom faces of positive energy solar panel are equipped with two bars crosswise, and in place of bar right-angled intersection and its left and right is welded or bolt is solid Dingan County is equipped with n retaining ring, and retaining ring shape is similar to omega, bolt hole, two groups of solar-electricities are reserved on its root Pond back upper and lower ends are respectively welded or bolt is fixedly installed with a cross bar, two group solar batteries of the cross bar pillar two sides Plate is connected as one, and a hinged combination, driving device are equipped in place of the cross bar bottom face pillar of upper end or lower end It is integrally connected by this hinged combination with cross bar, wherein the top for belonging to the telescopic supporting rod of one of driving device is logical It crosses hinged combination to be hingedly connected with cross bar, respectively welds or be bolted on the different position of pillar height and be fixedly installed with One support frame, the support frame of two different locations are paired into one group, and N group can be equipped on pillar, and though street lamp be along South-north direction/or east-west arrangement installation, support frame are all mounted in the east or west of pillar, in the east or west The same side be equipped with N group support frame or in the east and west 1/2N group support frame is respectively installed, in each group of support frame In the middle, the support frame welding of top or bolt are fixedly connected with bearing, an axis are passed through button all on solar panel Solar panel is connected and fixed installation by the bearing on ring and pillar, the bolt hole penetrated on retaining ring root using high-strength bolt On axis, makes it with coaxially rotating, thus solar panel and pillar are connected, the axis at left and right sides of bearing Middle insertion pin, prevents the movement of axis in the horizontal direction, and welding or bolt are fixedly connected driving dress on the support frame of lower section It sets, wherein the base under the telescopic supporting rod of one of driving device is directly fixedly mounted on the support frame, the intelligence in base Control system controls motor therein, and telescopic supporting rod is allowed to carry out free stretching motion according to the variation of time, drives Self power generation of the electric power of dynamic motor in battery, the support frame are made of L-type support or triangular supports, each Support frame has M group L-type support or a triangular supports, and the hinged combination is with holes by an articulated mounting and one The component or bearing in hole are constituted, and there are two types of the mounting means of the articulated mounting, the first be fixedly mounted on cross bar with It is rotated with cross bar, and the component with hole or bearing that are fixedly mounted on the drive means do bidirectional-movement in company with driving device; The band hole for being fixedly mounted at for second in driving device and doing bidirectional-movement in company with driving device, and be fixedly mounted on cross bar Component or bearing rotated in company with cross bar, the articulated mounting in the hinged combination refers to that connected component cannot in junction Relatively move, but can relatively rotate comprising it is semirigid and as bearing plus made of pin shaft transformation Articulated mounting, pin shaft therein is using bolt, the articulated mounting, pin shaft pass through hole on device with hole Component or bearing hinge connection are connected, and articulated mounting bottom parts, which are mounted in cross bar or driving device, carries out welding or bolt It is fixedly connected, the bottom parts with opening component or bearing are mounted on welding or bolt on driving device or cross bar and fix It is connected as one, the retaining ring, cross bar, bar, axis, support frame, the material hingedly combined are aluminium alloy or stainless steel, described N, M, n be odd number or even number multiple value, it is characterised in that: street lighting using the regenerative resource power supply in battery, Alternating current is not used completely;The renewable energy contains wind power generating set on pillar and solar panel is produced Raw wind-powered electricity generation and two kinds of solar energy, are stored in battery by controller/inverter all-in-one machine, wherein the sun The solar panel that can be generated electricity does not use photovoltaic bracket, and with the variation of time, driving device will generate bidirectional-movement, pass through Hinged combination driving solar panel is with coaxially rotating, to make the inclination angle of solar panel with the time Change and is changed.
2. a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Wind power generating set includes trunnion axis and vertical axis aerogenerator group two major classes, and wherein vertical axis aerogenerator group is wrapped again Two class of lift-type and resistance-type is included, the power generation of wind power generating set includes off-network type and grid type both of which.
3. a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Solar panel refer to solar energy to be changed into the component of this characteristic of electric energy, include photovoltaic ceramic tile, photovoltaic Color steel tile, the type of component include monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, amorphous silicon and multi-element compounds solar cell.
4. a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Driving device, refer to and provide the device of powered acting by motor, wherein motor include direct current with exchange, it is asynchronous With the driving device of synchronous, linear motion and the motor of rotary motion, the telescopic supporting rod of one of the driving device, material For aluminium alloy or stainless steel, the structure of telescopic supporting rod be its in vivo by diameter not equal threaded screw rod by nut and cover for seat with The body of rod is accurately set in together and rotates freely, and forms threading action pair, when it makees stretching motion, be by alternating current generator or Direct current generator drives speed reducing gear pair, and all threaded screw rod synchronous screws is driven to rotate, by nut and cover for seat by the transmission Spiral rotating movement be changed into the linear motion of the body of rod, to realize the stretching motion of telescopic supporting rod, determining flexible branch When stay length, the numerical value of the measured L2 arrived and L3 when using summer, telescopic supporting rod total length L is divided into three sections, and One section is section of foundation, and length immobilizes as L1, and second segment is interlude, and length is mutually all L2, third section with contracted length It is top section, length is mutually all L3 with extended length, so length L=L1+L2+L3 of telescopic supporting rod.
5. a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The adjusting changed over time at solar panel inclination angle is there are two types of mode, and the time of adjusting is divided into three sections, and the first stage is upper Period at noon, from AM6:00 to AM11:00, adjustment solar panel is faced in the east;Second stage is noon section, from AM11:00 to PM14:00 adjusts solar panel into horizontality;Phase III be the period in the afternoon, from PM14:00 to PM18:00, adjustment solar panel face west, automatically restore to again more than solar panel after PM18:00 horizontal State, the first regulative mode be within one day only adjust three times, the one step section of optimum angle of incidence of solar panel in place after, The morning, high noon, afternoon each period in will be stationary, until the next period arrive until;Second of regulative mode It is repeatedly to be finely tuned within one day, the method is with the solar panel in the above-mentioned morning or sometime the period in the afternoon Optimum angle of incidence on the basis of, by certain time interval, the inclination angle in the morning or is finely adjusted the period in the afternoon, when high noon Between inclination angle in section without fine tuning.
6. a kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, feature Be: the regulative mode at the first solar panel inclination angle is in morning first time period, intelligence control system starting Motor on telescopic supporting rod base adjusts motor stalls when telescopic supporting rod contracted length reaches L2, so that solar energy Solar panel plane of rotation is towards the east at optimum angle of incidence, and the length of telescopic supporting rod is L1 at this time;Second time period at noon, intelligence are controlled Motor on system starting telescopic supporting rod base processed, adjusts motor stalls when telescopic supporting rod extended length reaches L2, So that solar panel rotation is restored to horizontality again, inclination angle zero, the length of telescopic supporting rod is L1+L2 at this time;? , intelligence control system start the motor on telescopic supporting rod base the third period in the afternoon, adjust telescopic supporting rod extended length Stop operating when reaching L3 so that solar panel plane of rotation towards west at optimum angle of incidence, the length of telescopic supporting rod at this time For L1+L2+L3, if telescopic supporting rod is mounted on west, regulative mode and it is above-mentioned antithesis, more than the sun after PM18:00 Energy plate automatically restores to horizontality again.
CN201710782812.XA 2017-09-03 2017-09-03 A kind of wind and light complementary road lamp of solar panels tilt adjustable section Withdrawn CN109424892A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110296047A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-10-01 合肥蓝色梦想信息科技有限公司 A kind of new energy wind power generation electric machine support
CN112555743A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-26 江苏松立太阳能科技有限公司 Solar street lamp suitable for low temperature environment
WO2022027271A1 (en) * 2020-08-05 2022-02-10 李�杰 Sun-tracking type solar and wind-solar complementary street lamp
WO2022027272A1 (en) * 2020-08-05 2022-02-10 李�杰 Sun-tracking type wind-solar complementary power generation system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110296047A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-10-01 合肥蓝色梦想信息科技有限公司 A kind of new energy wind power generation electric machine support
WO2022027271A1 (en) * 2020-08-05 2022-02-10 李�杰 Sun-tracking type solar and wind-solar complementary street lamp
WO2022027272A1 (en) * 2020-08-05 2022-02-10 李�杰 Sun-tracking type wind-solar complementary power generation system
CN112555743A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-26 江苏松立太阳能科技有限公司 Solar street lamp suitable for low temperature environment

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