CN109245670A - A kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control - Google Patents

A kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109245670A
CN109245670A CN201710434785.7A CN201710434785A CN109245670A CN 109245670 A CN109245670 A CN 109245670A CN 201710434785 A CN201710434785 A CN 201710434785A CN 109245670 A CN109245670 A CN 109245670A
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China
Prior art keywords
ring
power generation
slide cartridge
support column
wind
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CN201710434785.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李�杰
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李�杰
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Priority to CN201710434785.7A priority Critical patent/CN109245670A/en
Publication of CN109245670A publication Critical patent/CN109245670A/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/005Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  axis vertical
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • F03D7/06Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

The present invention relates to new energy field, the wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of specially a kind of intelligent control.With the demand that the continuous development of national urbanization and smart city are built, population largely will focus on cities and towns, this will increase the nervous situation of these regional power supplies.In order to avoid the generation of air pollution and haze weather is further aggravated, how according to urbanization and the demand of smart city development, in narrow space, more using the utilization of renewable energy substitution coal fired power generation in densely populated, solar energy and the more poor downtown areas of wind energy resources, this is the urgent problem to be solved generated with China's urbanization and the development of smart city.The present invention is a kind of using renewable energy power generation, and small in size, the high intelligent power generation system of generating efficiency does not need to save the exploitation of natural resources and the use of alternating current using fuel such as coal, combustion gas, has good energy-saving and emission-reduction social effect and economic benefit.

Description

A kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control
Technical field
The present invention relates to new energy field, the wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of specially a kind of intelligent control.
Background technique
Under the overall background that energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly pressure further increases, subtract carbon row's target to reach, China is just fast Speed reduces the dependence to coal fired power generation, gradually decreases coal fired power generation, the use for increasing renewable energy will be national future source of energy The developing direction of policy.So an important means as energy-saving and emission-reduction, photovoltaic power generation are increasingly taken seriously, photovoltaic power generation It stands and is at home and abroad continued to bring out as emerging rapidly in large numbersBamboo shoots after a spring rain in the market, but the construction of photo-voltaic power generation station needs to occupy a large amount of soil Ground, in narrow space, densely populated downtown areas is difficult to accomplish something, and with the continuous development of urbanization and wisdom city The demand of city's construction, population largely will focus on cities and towns, will expend a large amount of electric power.How according to urbanization and intelligence The demand of intelligent urban construction and development, in narrow space, in densely populated, solar energy and the more poor downtown areas of wind energy resources As much as possible using the utilization of renewable energy substitution coal fired power generation, this is one with China's urbanization and smart city The urgent problem to be solved of development and generation.
Summary of the invention
In view of the foregoing drawbacks, the present invention sends out existing market by providing a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control The wind light mutual complementing power generation that electrical efficiency is low, cost performance is low, installed capacity is too small is changed into high generating efficiency, cost performance height, installation appearance Big wind light mutual complementing power generation is measured, builds the needs of of continuous development to meet China's urbanization and smart city.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control contains the movable photovoltaic branch of one group of wind power generating set, N group Frame, one group of circuit control device all-in-one machine, a group storage battery, slide cartridge, driving device, a pillar, pillar are that the round or face N is more The pillar of side shape, pillar top are equipped with one group of wind power generating set, are equipped with one under wind power generating set and are fixed on branch With the ring that the face N is polygonal on column, N is the multiple value of odd number or even number, and the every of ring is fitted with one group of movable sun on one side Can photovoltaic bracket, be inlaid with one group of solar panel in bracket, the back side or the left and right sides of pedestal upper end are equipped with hook, Bracket hanging buckle is in active state in the polygon type ring in the face N, and cradle back left and right ends are respectively installed by welding with an articulated mounting, It is each on articulated mounting that a support rod hingedly is installed, an articulated mounting is also installed on the every support rod back side, Also each on this articulated mounting to be hingedly equipped with a reinforcing rod, the groove of slide cartridge is inserted into the lower end of support rod and reinforcing rod respectively Interior, the slide cartridge is identical with ring diameter round by upper and lower two rings and one or cylinder of the face N polygon is constituted, cylinder handle Upper and lower two boxing, which connect, to be fixed as one to form slide cartridge, and material is made of steel or aluminium alloy, in I-shaped, slide cartridge it is straight The diameter of diameter > pillar, slide cartridge are fixedly connected with driving device, wherein the retractable support of the lower ring of slide cartridge and one of driving device Column top is welded or is bolted and is fixed as one, it is characterised in that: umbrella cover is by two distinct types of or single type Solar battery constituted, wherein being inlaid with the movable support of solar panel without column, be used as triangular-arc photovoltaic The skeleton of film, triangular-arc photovoltaic film are mounted between two groups of movable support branch, and the left and right sides is by activity adjacent thereto Bracket is supported, and movable support is connected by the hinged support rod in both ends with slide cartridge, and slide cartridge is driven by driving device, will be along Pillar moves up and down, while umbrella cover will also form the state for collecting and opening, the sun of umbrella cover with moving up and down for slide cartridge The inclination angle of energy solar panel also changes therewith, and the wind power generating set includes trunnion axis and vertical axis aerogenerator Two major classes type, wherein vertical axis aerogenerator group includes lift-type and resistance-type two major classes type, the solar battery again Plate refers to the component that solar energy is changed into this characteristic of electric energy, includes photovoltaic ceramic tile, photovoltaic color steel tile, type packet Monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, amorphous silicon and multi-element compounds solar cell plate are included, upper and lower two rings of the slide cartridge are all It is provided with 2 × N number of groove round or ring that the face N is polygonal, but ring is of different size, the width of lower ring is greater than the width of ring The lower end of degree, upper end and the hinged support rod of articulated mounting or reinforcing rod is inserted into respectively in the groove of ring or lower ring, described Support rod or reinforcing rod upper and lower ends are provided with hole and either weld component of the installation with hole, support rod or reinforcing rod Material is the C-type steel or pipe of steel or aluminium alloy, has axis to pass through the support rod or reinforcing rod of 2 × N root in upper ring or lower ring Hole is hingedly linked together with ring, and the active sun energy photovoltaic bracket is a rectangular frame, using steel or Aluminium alloy is made, and the left and right ends frame of rectangular frame is c-type frame or aluminium guide rail, and the back side or left and right ends have hook to detain At active state in the polygon type ring in the face N, lower end is welded with supporting plate, and upper end is openning shape, and front at least welding or bolt are fixed Two reinforcement cross bars are connected with, the reinforcement cross bar that back side welding or bolt are fixedly connected shares X item, and X is times of odd number or even number Numerical value, the material for reinforcing cross bar is steel or aluminium alloy, and every group of solar panel is embedded in movable support simultaneously from upper end It is fixed with fastening member, the articulated mounting refers to that connected component cannot be relatively moved in junction, but can be with Relatively rotate comprising varied rigid link and as bearing plus articulated mounting made of pin shaft transformation, the material of device Matter is aluminium alloy steel or stainless steel, and pin shaft therein is separately mounted to using high-strength bolt, articulated mounting from movable support Lower end perhaps support rod lower end L/2 or L/3 in place of L be movable support or support rod length value, the driving dress Set and refer to and provide the driving device done work of power by motor, which includes direct current with exchange, asynchronous and synchronous, straight line fortune The driving device of dynamic and rotary motion motor, the retractable support column of one of described driving device are not waited by diameter in vivo Screw thread silk column is accurately set in together and is rotated freely with cylinder by nut and cover for seat, formation threading action pair, when work, by Either ac or dc power machine in base drives speed reducing gear pair, drives all screw thread silk column synchronous screws to rotate, passes through nut And the spiral rotating movement of the transmission is changed into the linear motion of cylinder by cover for seat, the retractable support column is along pillar annular point Cloth is equipped with M group, and M is the multiple value of odd number or even number, has a base, the intelligent control system in base under every retractable support column System controls motor therein, allows retractable support column to carry out free stretching motion, the electric power of driving motor is from spontaneous The base of electricity, the retractable support column is fixedly connected with the welding of the pedestal on basis or bolt, and foundation ring is installed around pillar, and basis is Armored concrete identical with strut configurations is the triangular form support frame with pillar same material, the quantity of support frame and flexible Support column it is consistent, total high score of the retractable support column is three sections, and first segment is that section of foundation height is H1, not flexible;The Two sections are that interlude height is H2, scalable, and third section is that top section height is H3, and scalable, umbrella cover will be with the change of time Change is finely adjusted, and each section of height value is not calculated on the basis of the optimum angle of incidence of some period, with support rod and ground Subject to the angle that face is formed, when support rod is at horizontality, umbrella cover opening degree reaches maximum and retractable support column is stretched The long topnotch reached, the height on support rod and ground is H at this time, then the height H(retractable support column of retractable support column)=H-H The basis (slide cartridge)-H(), then stability and the safety of retractable support column are comprehensively considered to determine each section of height value, so H1, The height value of H2, H3 are finally identified as 1/2,1/3, the 1/6 of retractable support column total height, when the third section of retractable support column When stretch value is H3, support rod forms horizontality.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that umbrella cover is rendered as collecting the main view of state;Symbol 1 is wind power generating set, and symbol 2 is wind-driven generator Group support pillar, symbol 3 are the polygonal ring in the face N, and symbol 4 is the movable photovoltaic branch for being inlaid with solar panel Frame, symbol 5 are triangular-arc photovoltaic film, and symbol 6 is support rod, and symbol 7 is reinforcing rod, and symbol 8 is articulated mounting, symbol 9 For the reeded upper ring of slide cartridge band, symbol 10 is the reeded lower ring of slide cartridge band, and symbol 11 is slide cartridge, and symbol 12 is retractable support Column, symbol 13 are the base of retractable support column, and symbol 14 is round or the face N polygon pillar, and symbol 15 is the base of telescopic mast Plinth;Fig. 2 is the top plan view of umbrella;Fig. 3 is the main view that umbrella cover is rendered as complete open configuration;Fig. 4 is movable solar energy The front plan view of photovoltaic bracket;Symbol 16 is c-type frame, and symbol 17 is cross bar, and symbol 18 is hook;Fig. 5 is the movable sun The back side top view of energy photovoltaic bracket;Fig. 6 is the upper end front plan view of movable solar photovoltaic bracket;Fig. 7 is movable The lower end front plan view of solar photovoltaic bracket, symbol 19 are supporting plate;Fig. 8 is the left and right sides of movable solar photovoltaic bracket View;Fig. 9 is front view before and after articulated mounting, and symbol 20 is high-strength bolt;Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of retractable support column, symbol Numbers 13 be base;Figure 11 is wind-driven generator package assembly figure: symbol 1 is main shaft, and symbol 2 is lift force blade, and symbol 3 is to connect Bar, symbol 4 are wheel hub, and symbol 5 is power generator, and symbol 6 is speed regulation device, 7 connecting shaft of symbol;Figure 12 is wind power generating set Top view;Figure 13 is the structure chart of speed regulation device flexural pivot.
Specific embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, the present invention is described further below in conjunction with attached drawing, the embodiment is only It is used to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention..
With reference to Fig. 1 ~ 3 and with reference to shown in Figure 11 ~ 13: symbol 1 is wind power generating set according to the present invention, wind-power electricity generation Unit is most important component part in wind and solar hybrid generating system, because its wind-powered electricity generation conversion ratio is 2 ~ 3 times of left sides of photovoltaic power generation The right side, so the height of the generating efficiency of wind power generating set, directly influences the generated energy size of wind light mutual complementing power generation.The present invention Can use wind power generating set patented product, a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator of wind wheel blade adjustable speed, the patent No.: ZL201220211943.5.This is a kind of improved vertical axis wind power generator, it improves wind wheel by changing attack angle of blade Runnability, adapt to the variation of wind speed, adjust the relationship between wind speed and wind driven generator load.It solves so vertical at present The problem of axis wind power generator blade stall, makes wind-power electricity generation function work in wider wind speed range, in high wind speed Duan Yi So it is able to maintain the steady output of power.Greatly improve the whole generating efficiency of wind-driven generator.As referred to Figure 11,12 institutes Show: a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator of the present invention, including main shaft 1 perpendicular to the ground, the hair being mounted below main shaft 1 Electric installation 5, the upper and lower wheel hub 4 being connected on main shaft 1, the lift force blade 2 of three pieces of winglike structures, three pieces of lift force blades 2 It is equally spaced by connecting rod 3 around main shaft 1;Every piece of lift force blade 2 corresponds to upper and lower two groups of connecting rods 3, and every group of connecting rod 3 is two, Be separately connected lift force blade 2 and wheel hub 4, described every group of two connections 3 strut to form angle beta, and angle beta selection 30 degree- Between 60 degree, the whole endurance of connecting rod can be improved with this;The lower hub is connect by even disk with power generator 5, and liter is worked as The rotation band runner hub of power blade 2 rotates, to make power generator starting operation by even disk.As discussed in reference to fig. 12: in lift In the rotation of blade 2, when wind speed is more than its rated wind speed, speed regulation device will start to adjust angle of attack a, start lift force blade 2 It swings.Wind speed is bigger, and angle of attack a will become bigger, and the amplitude of fluctuation of lift force blade 2 also expands therewith, the maximum of angle of attack a Angle is ± 15 degree.As with reference to shown in Figure 13: this is wind-speed adjusting device flexural pivot structure chart.High-precision is used in ball face Steel bearing balls, steel ball is wrapped by casting-forging method, is being kept after handle shaped, by special welding by connecting rod and ball It links together.In addition, machined rolling screw in outer ring outer diameter part, it can be simply mounted in connecting rod 3, as long as by screw It tightens and just can reach solid fixation very close to each other.Its working principle is that: wind wheel is in rotation, when wind speed is more than that its is specified When wind speed, the speed regulation device being mounted on fan blade will start to adjust angle of attack a, and blade is made to start to swing.Wind speed is bigger, attacks Angle a will become bigger, and the amplitude of fluctuation of blade also expands therewith, and the maximum angle of angle of attack a is ± 15 degree.The speed regulation of fan blade, just Avoid the stall conditions of fan blade under High Angle of Attack.It, can will be vertical since this structure eliminates electromagnetic brake device in generator The cost of shaft generator reduces 15%, due to avoiding the stall of fan blade, guarantees that blower is still able to maintain power in high wind speed section Steady output, can make generating capacity integrally improve 40% or so in this way.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1 ~ 10, movable solar photovoltaic bracket 4, every group of solar panel is embedded in movable support 4, movable support is a rectangular frame, is made of steel or aluminium alloy, and the left and right ends of rectangular frame are equal For c-type frame 16, left and right ends have 18 hanging buckle of hook in the polygon type ring 3 in the face N at active state, and lower end is welded with supporting plate 19, upper end For openning shape, the reinforcement cross bar 17 that positive upper and lower side is respectively welded with a reinforcement cross bar 17, the back side is welded is in addition to upper and lower side is each Have outside one, at least there are also X items, and every group of solar panel is out of upper end insertion frame, lower section of movable support 4 or so two Hold c-type frame 16 and support rod 6 hinged, the lower end insertion of support rod 6 is fixed on slide cartridge 11 in the groove of ring 9, with the time Variation, the solar panel of umbrella cover formed with moving up and down for slide cartridge 11 collect with distracted state, in retractable support Under promotion when column 12 extends, slide cartridge 11 is moved up, and support rod 6 and reinforcing rod 7 is pushed up to move, then support rod 6 and plus Strong bar 7 is propped up movable solar photovoltaic bracket 4 and is moved upwards, and drives triangular-arc photovoltaic film 5 to open, so that umbrella cover is formed Open configuration, when the third segment elongation height of support column 12 reaches H3, support rod 6 forms horizontality, refering to Fig. 3.Instead It, under the pulling when retractable support column 12 is shunk, when slide cartridge 11 moves down, drive support rod 6 and reinforcing rod 7 are transported down Dynamic, then support rod 6 retracts movable solar photovoltaic bracket recycling, and triangular-arc photovoltaic film 5 is driven to collect so that umbrella cover at State is collected, refering to fig. 1, has thus driven the inclination angle of umbrella cover solar panel to change, has adjusted solar panel The concrete mode at inclination angle is as described below.
As the variation of time is finely adjusted inclination angle, the tilt adjustment of umbrella cover solar battery is according to the control to the time It carries out, the control of time is divided into three phases, and the first stage is morning time section, from AM6:00 to AM11:00;Second stage For noon section, from AM11:00 to PM14:00;Phase III is Umbrella cover automatically restores to the state of collecting again after PM18:00, refering to fig. 1.Specific method is the optimum angle of incidence with the morning sometime On the basis of, the inclination angle in the morning or is finely adjusted the period in the afternoon, it is every since the morning first since the morning is sometime Every some time interval, the height of the elongation of a retractable support column is finely tuned, the height adjusted every time in morning time section is With the total time in (H2+H3) × interval time ÷ morning time section, obtained average height value △ H1;At noon Period does not have to fine tuning;Every some time interval since afternoon, the height of the contraction of a retractable support column is finely tuned, under The length finely tuned every time in period at noon is the total time used in (H2+H3) × interval time ÷ period in the afternoon, acquired An average height value △ H 2, with this come reach make solar battery with the time variation in time adjust inclination angle mesh , according to the strong and weak actual conditions of the radiation of erecting bed region sunshine, can without the fine tuning in the period in the afternoon, Umbrella cover is directly collected after PM18:00.
In the rainy days of not sunshine, blast is avoided to be possible to the damage to umbrella, the control to the time can be stopped, making umbrella Always state is collected, until having sunshine;The thicker region of accumulated snow in winter can collect umbrella, prevent solar battery Accumulated snow thickeies on plate, in order to avoid damage solar battery;When occurring to happen suddenly extreme weather, long-range remote control system can also be passed through System, manual adjustment umbrella collect, and umbrella is avoided to be damaged by extreme weather.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control contains one group of wind power generating set, the movable photovoltaic of N group Bracket, one group of circuit control device all-in-one machine, a group storage battery, slide cartridge, driving device, a pillar, pillar are the round or faces N The pillar of polygon, pillar top are equipped with one group of wind power generating set, are equipped with one under wind power generating set and are fixed on With the polygonal ring in the face N on pillar, N is the multiple value of odd number or even number, ring it is every be fitted on one side one group it is movable too It is positive can photovoltaic bracket, be inlaid with one group of solar panel in bracket, the back side or the left and right sides of pedestal upper end are equipped with hook, Bracket hanging buckle is in active state in the polygon type ring in the face N, cradle back left and right ends are respectively installed by welding with a hinged dress It sets, it is each on articulated mounting that a support rod hingedly is installed, a hinged dress is also installed on the every support rod back side It sets, also each on this articulated mounting to be hingedly equipped with a reinforcing rod, slide cartridge is inserted into the lower end of support rod and reinforcing rod respectively In groove, the slide cartridge is identical with ring diameter round by upper and lower two rings and one or cylinder of the face N polygon is constituted, cylinder Upper and lower two boxing are connect to be fixed as one to form slide cartridge, material is made of steel or aluminium alloy, in I-shaped, slide cartridge The diameter of diameter > pillar, slide cartridge are fixedly connected with driving device, wherein the flexible branch of the lower ring of slide cartridge and one of driving device Dagger top is welded or is bolted and is fixed as one, it is characterised in that: umbrella cover is by two distinct types of or unitary class The solar battery of type is constituted, wherein the movable support for being inlaid with solar panel is used as triangular-arc light without column The skeleton of film is lied prostrate, triangular-arc photovoltaic film is mounted between two groups of movable support branch, and the left and right sides is by work adjacent thereto Dynamic bracket is supported, and movable support is connected by the hinged support rod in both ends with slide cartridge, and slide cartridge is driven by driving device, by edge Pillar move up and down, while umbrella cover will also form the state for collecting and opening with moving up and down for slide cartridge, and umbrella cover is too The inclination angle of positive energy solar panel also changes therewith.
2. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the wind-force hair Motor group includes trunnion axis and vertical axis aerogenerator two major classes type, and wherein vertical axis aerogenerator group includes lift again Type and resistance-type two major classes type.
3. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the solar energy Solar panel refers to the component that solar energy is changed into this characteristic of electric energy, includes photovoltaic ceramic tile, photovoltaic color steel tile, class Type includes monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, amorphous silicon and multi-element compounds solar cell plate.
4. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the slide cartridge Upper and lower two rings are all to be provided with 2 × N number of groove round or ring that the face N is polygonal, but ring is of different size, the width of lower ring It is greater than the width of ring, ring or lower ring are inserted into the lower end of upper end and the hinged support rod of articulated mounting or reinforcing rod respectively In groove, the support rod or reinforcing rod upper and lower ends are provided with hole and either weld component of the installation with hole, branch The material of strut or reinforcing rod is the C-type steel or pipe of steel or aluminium alloy, has axis to pass through the branch of 2 × N root in upper ring or lower ring The hole of strut or reinforcing rod is hingedly linked together with ring.
5. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the activity is too Positive energy photovoltaic bracket is a rectangular frame, is made of steel or aluminium alloy, the left and right ends of rectangular frame Frame is c-type frame or aluminium guide rail, and the back side or left and right ends have hook to be buckled in the polygon type ring in the face N into active state, lower end weldering It is connected to supporting plate, upper end is openning shape, and front at least welding or bolt are fixedly connected with two reinforcement cross bars, back side welding or bolt The reinforcement cross bar being fixedly connected shares X item, and X is the multiple value of odd number or even number, and the material for reinforcing cross bar is that steel or aluminium close Gold, every group of solar panel are fixed out of upper end insertion movable support and with fastening member.
6. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control according to claim 1 or 4 or 5, it is characterised in that: described Articulated mounting refers to that connected component cannot be relatively moved in junction, but can relatively rotate comprising Varied rigid link and as bearing plus articulated mounting made of pin shaft transformation, the material of device is aluminium alloy steel or stainless steel, For pin shaft therein using high-strength bolt, articulated mounting is separately mounted to lower end from movable support or support rod lower end In place of L/2 or L/3, L is the length value of movable support or support rod.
7. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the driving dress Set and refer to and provide the driving device done work of power by motor, which includes direct current with exchange, asynchronous and synchronous, straight line fortune The driving device of dynamic and rotary motion motor, the retractable support column of one of described driving device are not waited by diameter in vivo Screw thread silk column is accurately set in together and is rotated freely with cylinder by nut and cover for seat, formation threading action pair, when work, by Either ac or dc power machine in base drives speed reducing gear pair, drives all screw thread silk column synchronous screws to rotate, passes through nut And the spiral rotating movement of the transmission is changed into the linear motion of cylinder by cover for seat, the retractable support column is along pillar annular point Cloth is equipped with M group, and M is the multiple value of odd number or even number, has a base, the intelligent control system in base under every retractable support column System controls motor therein, allows retractable support column to carry out free stretching motion, the electric power of driving motor is from spontaneous The base of electricity, the retractable support column is fixedly connected with the welding of the pedestal on basis or bolt, and foundation ring is installed around pillar, and basis is Armored concrete identical with strut configurations is the triangular form support frame with pillar same material, the quantity of support frame and flexible Support column it is consistent.
8. a kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control according to claim 1 or claim 7, it is characterised in that: described flexible Total high score of support column is three sections, and first segment is that section of foundation height is H1, not flexible;Second segment is that interlude height is H2, Scalable, third section is that top section height is H3, and scalable, umbrella cover will be finely adjusted with the variation of time, each section of height Value is not calculated on the basis of the optimum angle of incidence of some period, and the angle that support rod of being subject to is formed with ground works as branch When strut is at horizontality, umbrella cover opening degree reaches maximum and retractable support column extends the topnotch reached, props up at this time The height on strut and ground is H, then the height H(retractable support column of retractable support column)=H-H(slide cartridge) basis-H(), then integrate Stability and the safety of retractable support column are considered to determine each section of height value, so the height value of H1, H2, H3 are finally distinguished It is determined as 1/2,1/3, the 1/6 of retractable support column total height, when the third segment elongation value of retractable support column is H3, supports rod At horizontality.
CN201710434785.7A 2017-06-10 2017-06-10 A kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control Withdrawn CN109245670A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110566407A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-13 华北电力大学(保定) new forms of energy conversion equipment is used to distributing type new forms of energy distribution network
CN112271981A (en) * 2020-10-15 2021-01-26 合肥凌山新能源科技有限公司 Dustproof combination formula wind optical power generation integrated device of accomodating
RU206271U1 (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-09-02 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "ПРОМЕТЕЙ" (ООО "ПРОМЕТЕЙ") HYBRID WIND-SOLAR GENERATOR

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110566407A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-13 华北电力大学(保定) new forms of energy conversion equipment is used to distributing type new forms of energy distribution network
CN110566407B (en) * 2019-09-29 2021-11-26 华北电力大学(保定) New forms of energy conversion equipment is used to distributing type new forms of energy distribution network
CN112271981A (en) * 2020-10-15 2021-01-26 合肥凌山新能源科技有限公司 Dustproof combination formula wind optical power generation integrated device of accomodating
RU206271U1 (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-09-02 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "ПРОМЕТЕЙ" (ООО "ПРОМЕТЕЙ") HYBRID WIND-SOLAR GENERATOR

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