CN104426467B - Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device - Google Patents

Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104426467B
CN104426467B CN201310392187.XA CN201310392187A CN104426467B CN 104426467 B CN104426467 B CN 104426467B CN 201310392187 A CN201310392187 A CN 201310392187A CN 104426467 B CN104426467 B CN 104426467B
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China
Prior art keywords
swingle
cam
photovoltaic cell
solar panels
electro
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CN201310392187.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104426467A (en
Inventor
朴在林
王立地
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Shenyang Agricultural University
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Shenyang Agricultural University
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of TRT, particularly relate to a kind of residents photovoltaic cell with electro-optical device.Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device, its structure is as follows: the output shaft of motor rotated for controlling cam set is connected with the axle of cam set, driving solar panels is the cam that two installation directions are contrary with the cam set that swingle is axle center left rotation and right rotation, two cam coaxials connect, can be fixed on support around the lower end of the swingle that support rotates, can be arranged on swingle around the solar panels that swingle rotates, it achieve photovoltaic cell single piece plate independently rotated, have that control is simple, driving force is little, wind resistance is strong.The upper end of expansion link is fixed on swingle top, and lower end is fixed on support.It according to light conditions, can regulate the angle of solar panels so that solar panels are in best luminous energy receiving angle all the time, improve the luminous energy reception amount of photovoltaic cell solar panels unit interval, and simple in construction, equipment investment cost is low.

Description

Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of TRT, particularly relate to a kind of residents photovoltaic cell with electro-optical device.
Background technology
Solar-energy photo-voltaic cell (PVCell), it is referred to as photovoltaic cell-SolarCell, and it is to utilize photovoltaic effect that the luminous energy of the sun is converted into electric energy.Photovoltaic effect, also known as " photovoltaic effect ", refers to that illumination makes to produce between inhomogeneos semiconductor or quasiconductor and the different parts of melts combine the phenomenon of potential difference.Sunlight photovoltaic cell, the photon of sunlight inspires electron hole pair, electronics and hole in battery and moves to the two ends of battery respectively, constitutes path if outside, is formed for electric current, produces electric energy.The generating efficiency of photovoltaic cell depends primarily on solar panel and receives the amount of luminous energy.
Photovoltaic cell have pollution-free, environmental protection, by the restriction of resource distribution region, resource without exhausted dangerous, can generate electricity nearby in electricity consumption place, energy quality is high, time of obtaining energy cost is short, the advantage of electric power system reliable operation.But the energy that the energy profile density that photovoltaic cell irradiates is little, obtain was affected greatly by the four seasons, the meteorological condition such as round the clock and rain or shine.Therefore the most important luminous energy reception amount improving the photovoltaic cell solar panels unit interval exactly of generating efficiency of photovoltaic cell is improved.
Showing through experimental data, photovoltaic cell rotates with daylight and follows the tracks of, and its efficiency of the photovoltaic cell of same size improves 35%~40%.The employing of tracking technique, it is possible to the shoulder making day generating peak value is wider flat, and time to peak section is longer, decreases the impact to electrical network.The photovoltaic cell plate serioparallels of tens, in order to improve the efficiency of photovoltaic cell, are integrated, carry out light source tracking by some photovoltaic DC field external, exceed more than 5 times owing to the bulky output investment ratio at transmission, driving and control system aspects fixedly mounts.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is, there is provided a kind of residents photovoltaic cell with electro-optical device, it can according to light conditions, regulate the angle of solar panels, solar panels are made to be in best luminous energy receiving angle all the time, improve the luminous energy reception amount of photovoltaic cell solar panels unit interval, simple in construction, equipment investment cost is low.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device, its structure is as follows: the output shaft of motor rotated for controlling cam set is connected with the axle of cam set, driving solar panels is the cam that two installation directions are contrary with the cam set that swingle is axle center left rotation and right rotation, two cam coaxials connect, can be fixed on support around the lower end of the swingle that support rotates, can being arranged on swingle around the solar panels that swingle rotates, the upper end of expansion link is fixed on swingle top, and lower end is fixed on support.
Above-mentioned motor regulates motor for sensing.
Above-mentioned solar panels are the independently rotated single piece plate of photovoltaic cell.
Owing to adopting technique scheme so that the invention have the advantages that and effect:
Photovoltaic cell of the present invention is with electro-optical device, and it according to light conditions, can regulate the angle of solar panels so that solar panels are in best luminous energy receiving angle all the time, improve the luminous energy reception amount of photovoltaic cell solar panels unit interval.Present configuration is simple, equipment investment cost is low, it is achieved that photovoltaic cell single piece plate is independently rotated, has the features such as control is simple, driving force is little, wind resistance is less demanding.Therefore, residents photovoltaic generation it is more suitable for.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the side-looking structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1, motor, 2, cam set, 3, expansion link, 4, solar panels, 5, swingle, 6, support.
Detailed description of the invention
Clearly understand to implement the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is simply in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, residents photovoltaic cell of the present invention is with electro-optical device, and its concrete structure is as follows:
Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device, its structure is as follows: the output shaft of motor 1 rotated for controlling cam set 2 is connected with the axle of cam set 2, driving solar panels 4 is the cam that two installation directions are contrary with the cam set 2 that swingle 5 is axle center left rotation and right rotation, two cam coaxials connect, can fix on the frame 6 around the lower end of the swingle 5 that support 6 rotates, can be arranged on swingle 5 around the solar panels 4 that swingle 5 rotates, the upper end of expansion link 3 is fixed on swingle 5 top, and lower end is fixing on the frame 6.
Above-mentioned motor 1 sensing regulates motor, and solar panels 4 are the independently rotated single piece plate of photovoltaic cell.
The operation principle of the present invention is as follows:
In figure, motor 1 is control the automatic control motor that cam rotates, and optimum selection sensing regulates motor, it is possible to is that dress is selected in timing, makes cam set reach certain angle, or rotates according to light-operated sensing.Cam set 2 is that two cam installation directions are contrary, to reach the purpose making solar panels 4 rotate, it is possible to regulate the size of the spacing between two cams or cam and eccentric size, makes the anglec of rotation of solar panels become big or diminish.Expansion link 3 in figure, it can set that summer and winter two fixing gears flexible scale, respectively can regulate once according to the orientation summer of the sun and winter every year, it is possible to use motorized adjustment.In figure, solar panels 4 are arranged on swingle 5, it is possible to rotate around swingle 5, it is achieved the angle adjustment of every day.In figure, swingle 5 is fixing on the frame 6, it is possible to rotate around support, it is achieved the angle of inclination in annual summer and winter adjusts.Figure medium-height trestle 6 is integral support device.
Present invention achieves two rotations:
First rotation is that integral inclined angle rotates, cycle is 1 year, respectively can regulate once according to the orientation summer of the sun and winter every year, it can set that summer and winter two fixing gears flexible scale, general manually adjustable telescopic rod 3, can also using sensor, setting program multi-scale automatic telescopic regulates, and adopts sensor settings program mode (PM) to control as routine techniques.Second rotation is the rotation of solar panels, cooperation by cam set 2, making solar panels 4 can be axle center left rotation and right rotation around swingle 5, cycle is one day, rotation can be set program in advance, which position some time on the same day reaches, can also be that sensor is installed, by the sensing of light is automatically adjusted, sensor settings program mode (PM) is adopted to control as routine techniques, overall two cams of control rotate and are completed by motor 1, one motor can control the rotation of full line solar panels 4, and each row stepping motor may be coupled to same sensing data terminal.
Solar panels 4 are by swingle5On two points of rotation up and down and 2 cams position, and swingle 5 is by support 6 and expansion link 3 locating locking.

Claims (3)

1. residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device, it is characterized in that structure is as follows: the axle of the output shaft and cam set (2) that are used for controlling the motor (1) that cam set (2) rotates is connected, driving solar panels (4) is the cam that two installation directions are contrary with the cam set (2) that swingle (5) is axle center left rotation and right rotation, two cam coaxials connect, can be fixed on support (6) around the lower end of the swingle (5) that support (6) rotate, can be arranged on swingle (5) around the solar panels (4) that swingle (5) rotate, the upper end of expansion link (3) is fixed on the top of swingle (5), lower end is fixed on support (6).
2. residents photovoltaic cell according to claim 1 is with electro-optical device, it is characterised in that described motor (1) regulates motor for sensing.
3. residents photovoltaic cell according to claim 1 is with electro-optical device, it is characterised in that described solar panels (4) are the independently rotated single piece plate of photovoltaic cell.
CN201310392187.XA 2013-09-03 2013-09-03 Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device Active CN104426467B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310392187.XA CN104426467B (en) 2013-09-03 2013-09-03 Residents photovoltaic cell is with electro-optical device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104426467B true CN104426467B (en) 2016-07-27

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104836520B (en) * 2015-06-02 2017-07-07 赵守喆 The numerical control photovoltaic bracket system for tracking at times
CN106656003A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-10 北京华源拓达激光技术有限公司 Linkage type solar photovoltaic tracking system with cam driving apparatus

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101728979A (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-06-09 徐波 Sun-chasing civil solar power supply device
CN102298393A (en) * 2011-06-16 2011-12-28 刘建中 Sunlight corresponding apparatus
CN102541088A (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-07-04 楼云江 Solar tracking oriented one-dimensional driving two-dimensional output robot mechanism
CN202309572U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-07-04 齐齐哈尔大学 Low-cost solar photovoltaic cell panel sunlight tracking system
CN203504484U (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-03-26 沈阳农业大学 Household photovoltaic light following device

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200951385A (en) * 2008-06-05 2009-12-16 Hong-Wen Zheng Quasi-uniaxial sun-tracking control method and device of solar energy panel

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101728979A (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-06-09 徐波 Sun-chasing civil solar power supply device
CN102298393A (en) * 2011-06-16 2011-12-28 刘建中 Sunlight corresponding apparatus
CN202309572U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-07-04 齐齐哈尔大学 Low-cost solar photovoltaic cell panel sunlight tracking system
CN102541088A (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-07-04 楼云江 Solar tracking oriented one-dimensional driving two-dimensional output robot mechanism
CN203504484U (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-03-26 沈阳农业大学 Household photovoltaic light following device

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