CN205610519U - Possesses photovoltaic power generation device that solar energy automatic tracking adjusted - Google Patents

Possesses photovoltaic power generation device that solar energy automatic tracking adjusted Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205610519U
CN205610519U CN201620191600.5U CN201620191600U CN205610519U CN 205610519 U CN205610519 U CN 205610519U CN 201620191600 U CN201620191600 U CN 201620191600U CN 205610519 U CN205610519 U CN 205610519U
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motor
solar
solar energy
tracking
regulation
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620191600.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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卢晓琳
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卢晓琳
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Priority to CN201620191600.5U priority Critical patent/CN205610519U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a possesses photovoltaic power generation device that solar energy automatic tracking adjusted, its characterized in that: including solar PV modules, solar energy automatically regulated tracking means and tracking regulation and controlling system, solar PV modules can solve the frame and to solar cell panel and the upper and lower partial fixed not firm problem of apron, make its whole efficiency improve, prolongs its life, solar energy automatically regulated tracking means overall structure is simple, and stability is good, rotates in a flexible way. The autonomic tracking operation of trailing regulation and controlling system mainly realizes by advancing motor A and step motor B. Step motor A and actuating mechanism adjust the deflection position angle of following the tracks of solar cell panel, step motor B and actuating mechanism are then realize the regulation control to solar cell panel's elevating angle.

Description

Possesses the photovoltaic power generation equipment of solar energy automatic tracking regulation
Technical field
This utility model relates to solar energy tracking field, is specifically that one possesses solar energy automatic tracking tune The photovoltaic power generation equipment of joint.
Background technology
Solar energy generally refers to the emittance of sunlight, is typically used as generating in the modern times or carries for water heater For the energy.In the case of Fossil fuel reduces increasingly, solar energy has become the mankind and has used the important set of the energy Become part, and be constantly developed.The utilization of solar energy has Passive use (photothermal deformation) and photoelectricity to turn Changing two ways, solar electrical energy generation is a kind of emerging regenerative resource.Sensu lato solar energy also includes ground Wind energy on ball, chemical energy, water can etc..Solar energy is converted into heat energy by solar water heater, by water from Low temperature is heated to high-temperature, to meet people's hot water use in life, production.Solar water heater It is divided into vacuum pipe solar water heater and flat solar water heater, the electron tubes type sun by version Can water heater be main, occupy the market share of domestic 95%.Electron tubes type domestic solar water heater is by thermal-arrest The related accessories compositions such as pipe, storage tank and support, are converted into heat energy solar energy and rely primarily on thermal-collecting tube, collection Heat pipe utilizes the principle that hot water floating cold water sinks, and makes water produce microcirculation and reach required hot water.
The application of solar energy is seen everywhere, the most common solar photovoltaic generation system, solar water heater, Solar street light etc..From the point of view of solar energy power generating, solar module (is also solar-electricity Pond plate) be the core in solar power system, be also solar power system is worth the highest Part.Its effect is to convert solar energy into electrical energy, or is sent in accumulator store, or promotes negative Carry work.The quality of solar panel and cost will directly determine quality and the cost of whole system.Too Sun can photovoltaic generation be to utilize the photovoltaic effect of interface that luminous energy is changed into a kind of skill of electric energy Art.Solaode carries out packaging protection after series connection can form large-area solar photovoltaic generating assembly, The parts such as upper power controller are coordinated to be the formation of photovoltaic power generation apparatus again.
But, while solar energy is used, for the most possible solar energy resources that utilizes, light Photovoltaic generating system, the enforcement of solar water heater all can mix device following the sun;Occur in that various at present on the market The solar energy device following the sun of various kinds;But, these devices following the sun existing owing to structure is loaded down with trivial details, volume big because of And be carried out few, mainly assemble inconvenience.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides one to possess solar energy certainly at this The photovoltaic power generation equipment of motion tracking regulation;It is automatically adjusted tracking device including solar photovoltaic assembly, solar energy And tracking regulation and control system;Overall structure is simple, good stability, rotates flexibly.
This utility model is achieved in that a kind of photovoltaic generation possessing solar energy automatic tracking regulation of structure Equipment, it is characterised in that: include that solar photovoltaic assembly, solar energy are automatically adjusted tracking device and tracking Regulation and control system;
Described solar photovoltaic assembly includes glass cover-plate, battery component and lower shoe, described set of cells Part is connected with each other by interconnector by multiple silicon solar cell sheets and forms, wherein glass cover-plate, battery component with And between lower shoe by adhesive film bonding, at this use aluminum alloy frame by glass cover-plate, battery component with And the entirety that lower shoe is formed fixes, exterior groove bore corresponding to described aluminum alloy frame is less than groove internal orifice Footpath, and in the groove that frame is corresponding, it is filled with fluid sealant, wherein between battery component and glass cover-plate LED photogenic granules is installed;Protecting film it is provided with on glass cover-plate;
Described solar energy be automatically adjusted tracking device include bearing, star shaped supporting, base, motor A, Motor B, gear, rotating shaft, screw mandrel, nut;Star shaped supporting is used for carrying solar photovoltaic assembly, turns Axle lower end is movably arranged on base by bearing, and the upper end of rotating shaft is ball seat;In described star shaped supporting Portion is fixed with rotating sphere, and star shaped supporting is movably placed on the ball seat of rotating shaft upper end by rotating sphere;Step Entering motor A to be fixedly mounted on base, rotating shaft is provided with gear, the turning end of motor A is by little Gear driven gear, motor B is fixed on star shaped supporting by support A, and star shaped supporting passes through support B is fixed with nut, and motor B is connected with screw mandrel, and nut is set on screw mandrel;
Described tracking regulation and control system includes microprocessor controller, optical sensor, wind sensor, step Enter motor-drive circuit, LCDs, data storage, power module, keyboard;Wherein, illumination passes Sensor, wind sensor, power module, keyboard are connected with microprocessor controller respectively, microprocessor controller The most also it is connected with stepper motor driving circuit, LCDs, data storage.
The utility model has the advantage of: the light possessing solar energy automatic tracking regulation described in the utility model Volt generating equipment, is automatically adjusted tracking device including solar photovoltaic assembly, solar energy and follows the tracks of regulation control System processed;Have the advantage that
Described solar photovoltaic assembly described in the utility model, it is possible to solve frame to solar panel and The fixing problem loosely of the cover plate of upper and lower part so that it is whole efficiency improves, and extends its service life;This Utility model simple in construction, be easy to produce and safeguard;LED is installed between battery component and glass cover-plate Photogenic granules, therefore when night, can make LED photogenic granules luminous so that it is also to have sight at night.
It is simple that described solar energy is automatically adjusted tracking device overall structure, good stability, rotates flexibly, especially Be installation weight alleviate for photovoltaic module regulation process consumption reduction lay a good foundation.
The autonomous of described tracking regulation and control system follows the tracks of operation mainly by entering motor A and motor B realization. The deflection orientation angles of solar panel is followed the tracks of in the mainly regulation of motor A and drive mechanism;And stepping Motor B and drive mechanism then realize the regulation of the elevation angle to solar panel and control.This device is by suitable Time regulation solar energy photovoltaic panel deflection azimuth and elevation angle with obtain photovoltaic conversion high efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is this utility model overall structure schematic diagram
Fig. 2 is this utility model solar photovoltaic assembly schematic diagram
Fig. 3 is that this utility model follows the tracks of regulation and control system schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1-3, this utility model is described in detail, to the technology in the embodiment of the present invention Scheme is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only that a part of the present invention is implemented Example rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in this utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly falls into this utility model and protects The scope protected.
This utility model provides a kind of photovoltaic power generation equipment possessing solar energy automatic tracking regulation by improving, As it is shown in figure 1, can be practiced as follows;Including solar photovoltaic assembly 100, solar energy certainly Dynamic regulation is followed the tracks of device 200 and follows the tracks of regulation and control system 300.
Described solar photovoltaic assembly 100 includes glass cover-plate 101, battery component 102 and lower shoe 103, described battery component 102 is connected with each other by interconnector by multiple silicon solar cell sheets and forms, wherein glass Pass through adhesive film between glass cover plate 101, battery component 102 and lower shoe 103 bonding, use at this aluminum to close The entirety that glass cover-plate 101, battery component 102 and lower shoe 103 are formed is fixed by golden-rimmed frame 106, institute State the exterior groove bore of aluminum alloy frame 106 correspondence less than bore in groove and corresponding at frame 106 Groove in be filled with fluid sealant 105, be wherein provided with between battery component 102 and glass cover-plate 101 LED photogenic granules 107;Protecting film 104 it is provided with on glass cover-plate 101.Solar energy described in the utility model Photovoltaic assembly, it is possible to solve the frame fixing problem loosely of cover plate to solar panel and upper and lower part, Make its whole efficiency improve, extend its service life;This utility model simple in construction, be easy to produce and safeguard; LED photogenic granules is installed between battery component and glass cover-plate, therefore when night, LED can be made luminous Grain is luminous so that it is also have sight at night.
Described solar energy be automatically adjusted tracking device 200 include bearing 201, star shaped supporting 202, base 203, Motor A204, motor B205, gear 206, rotating shaft 207, screw mandrel 208, nut 209;Star Type support 202 is used for carrying solar photovoltaic assembly 100, and rotating shaft 207 lower end is arranged by bearing 201 is movable On base 203, the upper end of rotating shaft 207 is ball seat 211;Being fixedly arranged in the middle of of described star shaped supporting 202 Rotating sphere 210, star shaped supporting 202 is movably placed in the ball seat of rotating shaft 207 upper end by rotating sphere 110 On 211;Motor A204 is fixedly mounted on base 203, and rotating shaft 207 is provided with gear 206, The turning end of motor A204 passes through little gear 214 driven gear 206, and motor B205 is by propping up Frame A212 is fixed on star shaped supporting 202, and star shaped supporting 202 is fixed with nut 209 by support B213, Motor B205 is connected with screw mandrel 208, and nut 209 is set on screw mandrel 208.
Solar energy described in the utility model is automatically adjusted tracking device and mainly includes supporting solar photovoltaic assembly Star shaped supporting, base, motor A, motor B and drive mechanism.Star shaped supporting simple in construction, Good stability, rotates flexibly, and particularly installation weight alleviates and laid good for photovoltaic module regulation process consumption reduction Good basis.
Autonomous tracking of the present utility model operation is mainly by entering motor A and motor B realization.Motor The deflection orientation angles of solar panel is followed the tracks of in the mainly regulation of A and drive mechanism;And motor B and Drive mechanism then realizes the regulation of the elevation angle to solar panel and controls.This device is by timely adjustment too The deflection azimuth of sun energy photovoltaic panel and elevation angle are to obtain the high efficiency of photovoltaic conversion.
Described tracking regulation and control system 300 includes microprocessor controller 301, optical sensor 302, wind-force Sensor 303, stepper motor driving circuit 304, LCDs 305, data storage 306, power supply Module 307, keyboard 308;Wherein, optical sensor 302, wind sensor 303, power module 307, Keyboard 308 is connected with microprocessor controller 301 respectively, and microprocessor controller 301 is gone back and motor simultaneously Drive circuit 304, LCDs 305, data storage 306 connect.Optical sensor 302, wind-force Sensor 303 may be mounted on aluminum alloy frame 106.
Another function following the tracks of regulation and control system 300 described in this utility model is when running into strong wind or thunder The special weathers such as rain, control system will start regulation motor B from main response, and make solar photovoltaic assembly high Degree angle is quickly lowered, and realizes 0 angle placement, to reduce disaster wind-force or thunder and lightning to greatest extent to photovoltaic dress The adverse effect put.
Follow the tracks of the main microprocessor controller of regulation and control system 300, illumination and wind force detection sensor, stepping Motor-drive circuit, LCDs and data storage, power module;Controller is solar energy regulation dress The core put, this utility model uses modal AT89C51 single-chip microcomputer to make solar energy and regulates control system The controller of system.Optical sensor, wind sensor shine according to ambient light for system, wind-force real time environment To judge start, to reset and the hedging that shuts down.In order to not affect solaode collector area, wind-force detection passes Sensor is installed in addition to considering the sensitive part of wind, shade sunshade to be prevented;In like manner, photoelectric testing sensor is wanted Ambient light degree of strength can be accurately reflected, propose with on solar battery panel parallel position.Night and During cloudy day intensity of illumination deficiency, control system identifies that signal makes device regulate system in time and is in standby shape automatically State;And when wind-force exceedes certain value, it is possible to when device is constituted harm, control system will start step immediately Enter motor B, change solar cell panel elevation angle so that it is becoming horizontal positioned state, now regulation system is also located In holding state, external force harm can be prevented effectively from and unnecessary system runs power consumption;Holding state is conducive to Resume operation when real time environment meets service condition.In like manner, when meeting thunderstorm weather, touched by photogate Send out startup motor B, make solar photovoltaic assembly become horizontal positioned state.When external environment condition reaches start fortune During column criterion, system auto-returned, carry out and be automatically adjusted tracing control, it is ensured that efficient photoelectricity treater conversion requirements.
Described above to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field be capable of or uses this Utility model.Multiple amendment to these embodiments will be aobvious and easy for those skilled in the art Seeing, generic principles defined herein can be in the situation without departing from spirit or scope of the present utility model Under, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, this utility model be not intended to be limited to shown in this article these Embodiment, and it is to fit to the widest scope consistent with principles disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (1)

1. the photovoltaic power generation equipment possessing solar energy automatic tracking regulation, it is characterised in that: include the sun Energy photovoltaic module (100), solar energy are automatically adjusted tracking device (200) and follow the tracks of regulation and control system (300);
Described solar photovoltaic assembly (100) include glass cover-plate (101), battery component (102) with And lower shoe (103), described battery component (102) is mutual by interconnector by multiple silicon solar cell sheets Connect composition, wherein logical between glass cover-plate (101), battery component (102) and lower shoe (103) Cross adhesive film bonding, use at this aluminum alloy frame (106) by glass cover-plate (101), battery component (102) And the entirety that lower shoe (103) is formed fixes, the exterior groove that described aluminum alloy frame (106) is corresponding Bore is less than bore in groove, and is filled with fluid sealant (105) in the groove that frame (106) is corresponding, LED photogenic granules (107) is wherein installed between battery component (102) and glass cover-plate (101);Glass Protecting film (104) it is provided with on glass cover plate (101);
Described solar energy be automatically adjusted tracking device (200) include bearing (201), star shaped supporting (202), Base (203), motor A (204), motor B (205), gear (206), rotating shaft (207), Screw mandrel (208), nut (209);Star shaped supporting (202) is used for carrying solar photovoltaic assembly (100), Rotating shaft (207) lower end is movably arranged on base (203) by bearing (201), rotating shaft (207) Upper end is ball seat (211);Described star shaped supporting (202) be fixedly arranged in the middle of rotating sphere (210), star Type support (202) is movably placed in the ball seat (211) of rotating shaft (207) upper end by rotating sphere (110) On;Motor A (204) is fixedly mounted on base (203), and rotating shaft is provided with gear on (207) (206), the turning end of motor A (204) passes through little gear (214) driven gear (206), step Enter motor B (205) to be fixed on star shaped supporting (202) by support A (212), star shaped supporting (202) Being fixed with nut (209) by support B (213), motor B (205) is connected with screw mandrel (208), Nut (209) is set on screw mandrel (208);
Described tracking regulation and control system (300) include microprocessor controller (301), optical sensor (302), Wind sensor (303), stepper motor driving circuit (304), LCDs (305), data store Device (306), power module (307), keyboard (308);Wherein, optical sensor (302), wind-force pass Sensor (303), power module (307), keyboard (308) are connected with microprocessor controller (301) respectively, Microprocessor controller (301) the most also with stepper motor driving circuit (304), LCDs (305), Data storage (306) connects.
CN201620191600.5U 2016-03-08 2016-03-08 Possesses photovoltaic power generation device that solar energy automatic tracking adjusted Expired - Fee Related CN205610519U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107895539A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-10 苏州凯基文化传播有限公司 A kind of multifuctional solar outdoor advertising board
CN107895551A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-10 苏州凯基文化传播有限公司 A kind of solar energy outdoor advertising board
CN108549415A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-09-18 南京八度阳光太阳能科技有限公司 A kind of solar panels of adjustable-angle
CN108916773A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-11-30 安徽云帆科技咨询有限公司 A kind of adjustable solar street lamp
CN109557946A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-02 湖南哲能赫新能源有限责任公司 Solar energy photovoltaic panel faces south regulating device and adjusting method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107895539A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-10 苏州凯基文化传播有限公司 A kind of multifuctional solar outdoor advertising board
CN107895551A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-10 苏州凯基文化传播有限公司 A kind of solar energy outdoor advertising board
CN108916773A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-11-30 安徽云帆科技咨询有限公司 A kind of adjustable solar street lamp
CN108549415A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-09-18 南京八度阳光太阳能科技有限公司 A kind of solar panels of adjustable-angle
CN109557946A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-02 湖南哲能赫新能源有限责任公司 Solar energy photovoltaic panel faces south regulating device and adjusting method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20160928

Termination date: 20170308