CN104170623A - Method capable of enabling jatropha curcas to blossom and bear fruit concentratedly - Google Patents

Method capable of enabling jatropha curcas to blossom and bear fruit concentratedly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104170623A
CN104170623A CN201410390542.4A CN201410390542A CN104170623A CN 104170623 A CN104170623 A CN 104170623A CN 201410390542 A CN201410390542 A CN 201410390542A CN 104170623 A CN104170623 A CN 104170623A
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China
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tung oil
tree
little seeds
fruit
photosynthesis
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CN201410390542.4A
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CN104170623B (en
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吴中旺
周学斌
吴峰
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SHENZHEN XINHUA NANFANG BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN XINHUA NANFANG BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method capable of enabling jatropha curcas to blossom and bear fruits concentratedly. The method comprises the following steps: S1, fertilizing: the jatropha curcas is fertilized after fruit picking every time, 1.5-2.5 kg of organic fertilizers with photosynthesis strengthening agents added are applied to the jatropha curcas according to the size of the jatropha curcas, and 2.5-4.5 kg of the photosynthesis strengthening agents are added to the organic fertilizer per ton; S2, adjusting: blossom-forcing fruit-protecting agents are spayed for once at the beginning of blossoming, and the proportion of female and male blossoms is adjusted. According to the invention, the photosynthesis strengthening agents are added when the jatropha curcas is fertilized, and the blossom-forcing fruit-protecting agents are spayed on the jatropha curcas for once at the beginning of the blossoming to adjust the proportion of the female and male blossoms, so that the jatropha curcas can be controlled to blossom and bear fruits for twice a year, the yield of the jatropha curcas is improved, and the artificial maintenance cost is lowered; the blossom-forcing fruit-protecting agents are sprayed in the full-blossom period to prevent from blossom dropping and fruit dropping, and the jatropha curcas is pruned, so that the yield of the jatropha curcas is further improved; the method is simple and easy to learn and easy to implement.

Description

A kind of concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes
Technical field
The present invention relates to make the little seeds of a tung oil tree to realize the method for yielding positive results of concentrating, improve little seeds of a tung oil tree plantation output to realize, improve economic benefit and the social benefit of little seeds of a tung oil tree plantation.
Background technology
The little seeds of a tung oil tree are important bioenergy plants.Along with petering out of petroleum resources produced with fuel oil and use the severe contamination bringing to environment, people can replace Petroleum Production fuel in the urgent need to one, again the novel substitute of clean environment firendly.The little seeds of a tung oil tree, as renewable, free of contamination clean plant energy, are subject to people's attention gradually.
But, because people are still short to the little seeds of a tung oil tree exploitation time, a lot of biological informations of the little seeds of a tung oil tree also not being known much have less understanding, the growth of the little seeds of a tung oil tree is planted in many aspects still in the raw.The little seeds of a tung oil tree belong in 1 year repeatedly bloom, the plant of result, in 1 year, can yield positive results 4~6 times, once result is not yet ripe, blooms next time and starts; Because the little seeds of a tung oil tree number of times of yielding positive results in a year is frequent, bloom and bear fruit overlappingly, cause little seeds of a tung oil tree tree body weak, ubiquity bear fruit nutrition supply deficiency, yield poorly, the problem such as oil yield is low; Meanwhile, the growth rhythm that the little seeds of a tung oil tree are several times a year yielded positive results, needs in a large number artificial constantly for its supplementary nutrient, preventing disease pest control with gather in time, causes that little seeds of a tung oil tree planting cost is high, output is low.Therefore, for a long time, the output and oil yield, the reduction planting cost that improve the little seeds of a tung oil tree become people's problem demanding prompt solution.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, provides a kind of and makes the little seeds of a tung oil tree concentrate the method for yielding positive results, and overcomes the defect that the little seeds of a tung oil tree yield poorly, oil yield is low, planting cost is high.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: provide a kind of and make the little seeds of a tung oil tree concentrate the method for yielding positive results, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
S1, fertilising: each time after fruit picking, to the fertilising of little seeds of a tung oil tree tree, execute 1.5~2.5 kilograms of fertilizers that add photosynthesis intensive according to the every tree of size of tree, the addition of photosynthesis intensive is that fertilizer per ton adds 2.5~4.5 kilograms of photosynthesis intensives;
S2, adjusting: at a flower forcing fruit preservative of early flowering season spray, regulate female, male flower ratio.
Of the present invention, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are concentrated in the method for yielding positive results, comprised step S3, fruit retention: at a flower forcing fruit preservative of full-bloom stage spray, prevent fruit drop.
Of the present invention, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are concentrated in the method for yielding positive results, in fertilising step, dug the fertilising of fertilising groove along tree root direction, the starting point of fertilising groove is from 0.7~1.2 meter of distance of trunk.
Of the present invention, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are concentrated in the method for yielding positive results, between step S1, S2, comprised pruning step: after tree body overground part stops growing, prune, cut off thin and delicate branch, sick branch, steep long shoot, unnecessary branch.
Of the present invention, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are concentrated in the method for yielding positive results, the preparation method of described flower forcing fruit preservative is as follows: take 50~100 parts of sodium phenylacetates by pivot weight, 0.3~0.5 part of basic element of cell division, 2~3 parts of ethrels, 0.3~0.5 part of drop-proof agent is put into container one, add appropriate ethanol, limit edged stirs, and it is fully dissolved; Take 0.3~0.5 portion of photosynthesis intensive and put into the container two that fills suitable quantity of water, limit edged stirs, and it is fully dissolved; The raw material having mixed in above-mentioned two containers is poured in the container that fills 5000~15000 parts of dilution waters, then added 8~12 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, limit edged stirs, fully dissolve, mix.
Of the present invention, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are concentrated in the method for yielding positive results, described concentration of alcohol is: 95% or above concentration.
Of the present invention, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are concentrated in the method for yielding positive results, in the preparation method of described flower forcing fruit preservative, the parts by weight of each component are: 0.4 part of sodium phenylacetate 80 part, part basic element of cell division, ethrel 2.5 part, part drop-proof agent 0.4 0.4 part of part, part photosynthesis intensive, 10000 parts of dilution waters, 10 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates.
Implement the concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes of the present invention, compared with the prior art, its beneficial effect is:
1. add photosynthesis intensive when to the fertilising of the little seeds of a tung oil tree, simultaneously in early flowering season of the little seeds of a tung oil tree, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are sprayed to flower forcing fruit preservative and regulate that it is female, male flower ratio, control male flower quantity, increase Female Flower Number, in the cycle that can make the little seeds of a tung oil tree yield positive results at this, there will not be overlapping phenomenon of blooming, the little seeds of a tung oil tree are controlled in 1 year and concentrate nutrient to complete two complete cycles to yield positive results, avoid setting body and disperse to consume nutrient, improve bear fruit quantity and single fruit weight, and greatly reduce and safeguard cost of labor; Calculate through actual tests, the little seeds of a tung oil tree were concentrated and are yielded positive results for twice in 1 year, output improves 31%, thousand fruits weigh 805 grams, weighing 750 grams than current normal thousand fruits increases by 55 grams, output from before 200 kilograms of per mu yields bring up to 261 kilograms, improve 30.5%, human and material resources, fertilizer save 40%, greatly improve the economic and social benefits;
2. spray flower forcing fruit preservative at full-bloom stage, can prevent fruit drop, further improve little seeds of a tung oil tree output;
3. after fertilising, prune, can ensure to set body and rest and point concentrate on the tree-shaped flowers and fruits of stalwartness, be beneficial to the little seeds of a tung oil tree output of further raising.
4. easy to learn, easily implement.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
The concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes of the present invention comprises the steps:
The first step, after fruit picking each time, little seeds of a tung oil tree tree is applied fertilizer, according to the size of tree, every tree is executed 1.5~2.5 kilograms of fertilizers that add photosynthesis intensive, and the addition of photosynthesis intensive is that fertilizer per ton adds 2.5~4.5 kilograms of photosynthesis intensives.Fertilization mode can adopt common mode to carry out, and carries out as follows fertilization effect better: dig fertilising groove along tree root direction and apply fertilizer, the starting point of fertilising groove is from 0.7~1.2 meter of distance of trunk.Also can dig fertilising groove along branch prolonging direction, because of branch prolonging direction conventionally consistent with tree root bearing of trend.
Second step, prunes to little seeds of a tung oil tree tree, after tree body overground part stops growing, prunes, and cuts off thin and delicate branch, sick branch, steep long shoot, unnecessary branch, can make to set body and rest on point flowers and fruits that concentrate on healthy and strong branch, improves output.
The 3rd step, carries out female, male flower ratio adjusting: at a flower forcing fruit preservative of early flowering season spray, regulate female, male flower ratio, to improve female flower ratio, control male flower ratio, improve fruit bearing rate.Early flowering season is according to each ground temperature height, rainfall size, soil property difference difference to some extent, generally at late March to mid-August.Through above-mentioned first and third step, can control the little seeds of a tung oil tree and realize annual twice and yield positive results.
The 4th step, carries out fruit retention: at a flower forcing fruit preservative of full-bloom stage spray, prevent fruit drop, improve output.The appearance of full-bloom stage is except each ground temperature height, rainwater are how many, soil property, also relevant with the appearance of monsoon climate, generally appears at late June to early October.
In other embodiments, can omit individually or simultaneously step 2 and step 4, also can realize the object of the invention.
In the various embodiments described above, flower forcing fruit preservative can adopt existing product, also can adopt with the following method and be prepared:
Take by pivot weight: 50~100 parts of sodium phenylacetates, 0.3~0.5 part of basic element of cell division, 2~3 parts of ethrels, 0.3~0.5 part of drop-proof agent are put into container one, add appropriate ethanol, limit edged stirs, and it is fully dissolved.Can adopt 95% or the ethanol of above concentration.
Take 0.3~0.5 portion of photosynthesis intensive and put into the container two that fills suitable quantity of water, limit edged stirs, and it is fully dissolved.
The raw material having mixed in above-mentioned two containers is poured in the container that fills 5000~15000 parts of dilution waters, then added 8~12 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, limit edged stirs, fully dissolve, mix.
Said reference weight is the weight basis of each component of setting in when preparation, to facilitate preparation, and pivot weight desirable " gram ", " kilogram " etc.For example, base weight measure " gram " time, 50~100 parts of sodium phenylacetates are 50~100 grams of sodium phenylacetates, 0.3~0.5 part of basic element of cell division is 0.3~0.5 gram of basic element of cell division, by that analogy.
In flower forcing fruit preservative preparation method's a specific embodiment, the parts by weight of each component are desirable: 0.4 part of sodium phenylacetate 80 part, part basic element of cell division, ethrel 2.5 part, part drop-proof agent 0.4 0.4 part of part, part photosynthesis intensive, 10000 parts of dilution waters, 10 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates.

Claims (7)

1. make the little seeds of a tung oil tree concentrate a method of yielding positive results, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
S1, fertilising: each time after fruit picking, to the fertilising of little seeds of a tung oil tree tree, execute 1.5~2.5 kilograms of fertilizers that add photosynthesis intensive according to the every tree of size of tree, the addition of photosynthesis intensive is that fertilizer per ton adds 2.5~4.5 kilograms of photosynthesis intensives;
S2, adjusting: at a flower forcing fruit preservative of early flowering season spray, regulate female, male flower ratio.
2. the concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises step S3, fruit retention: at a flower forcing fruit preservative of full-bloom stage spray, prevent fruit drop.
3. the concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, in fertilising step, digs the fertilising of fertilising groove along tree root direction, and the starting point of fertilising groove is from 0.7~1.2 meter of distance of trunk.
4. the concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, between step S1, S2, comprises pruning step: after tree body overground part stops growing, prune, cut off thin and delicate branch, sick branch, steep long shoot, unnecessary branch.
5. the little seeds of a tung oil tree that make as described in one of claim 1 to 4 are concentrated the method for yielding positive results, it is characterized in that, the preparation method of described flower forcing fruit preservative is as follows: take 50~100 parts of sodium phenylacetates by pivot weight, 0.3~0.5 part of basic element of cell division, 2~3 parts of ethrels, 0.3~0.5 part of drop-proof agent is put into container one, adds appropriate ethanol, limit edged stirs, and it is fully dissolved; Take 0.3~0.5 portion of photosynthesis intensive and put into the container two that fills suitable quantity of water, limit edged stirs, and it is fully dissolved; The raw material having mixed in above-mentioned two containers is poured in the container that fills 5000~15000 parts of dilution waters, then added 8~12 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, limit edged stirs, fully dissolve, mix.
6. as claimed in claim 5ly make the little seeds of a tung oil tree concentrate the method for yielding positive results, it is characterized in that, described concentration of alcohol is: 95% or above concentration.
7. the concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, in the preparation method of described flower forcing fruit preservative, the parts by weight of each component are: 0.4 part of sodium phenylacetate 80 part, part basic element of cell division, ethrel 2.5 part, part drop-proof agent 0.4 0.4 part of part, part photosynthesis intensive, 10000 parts of dilution waters, 10 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates.
CN201410390542.4A 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of concentrated method of yielding positive results of the little seeds of a tung oil tree that makes Expired - Fee Related CN104170623B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1810093A (en) * 2005-12-22 2006-08-02 云南大学 Artificial dwarfing and yield increasing jatropha cultivating process
CN101773128A (en) * 2010-02-03 2010-07-14 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 Special growth regulating agent for jatropha and application thereof
CN101828501A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-15 昆明理工大学 Method for improving fruit yield of Jatropha curcas
CN101913929A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-12-15 深圳市东域投资发展有限公司 Compound base fertilizer and additional fertilizer for jatropha curcas
CN101926338A (en) * 2010-09-02 2010-12-29 贵州大学 Application of cytokinin 6-BA in changing sex ratio of plant flowers
CN101971767A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-02-16 贵州大学 Method for improving proportion of male flowers to female flowers of jatropha curcas
CN102138483A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-08-03 深圳市东域投资发展有限公司 Method for improving fruit yield of jatropha curcas through transsexual adjustment of male and female flowers
CN102160551A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-08-24 深圳市东域投资发展有限公司 Transsexuality modifier for female flowers and male flowers of jatropha curcas and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1810093A (en) * 2005-12-22 2006-08-02 云南大学 Artificial dwarfing and yield increasing jatropha cultivating process
CN101773128A (en) * 2010-02-03 2010-07-14 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 Special growth regulating agent for jatropha and application thereof
CN101828501A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-15 昆明理工大学 Method for improving fruit yield of Jatropha curcas
CN101913929A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-12-15 深圳市东域投资发展有限公司 Compound base fertilizer and additional fertilizer for jatropha curcas
CN101926338A (en) * 2010-09-02 2010-12-29 贵州大学 Application of cytokinin 6-BA in changing sex ratio of plant flowers
CN101971767A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-02-16 贵州大学 Method for improving proportion of male flowers to female flowers of jatropha curcas
CN102138483A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-08-03 深圳市东域投资发展有限公司 Method for improving fruit yield of jatropha curcas through transsexual adjustment of male and female flowers
CN102160551A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-08-24 深圳市东域投资发展有限公司 Transsexuality modifier for female flowers and male flowers of jatropha curcas and preparation method thereof

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Title
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