CN104163689A - Organic fertilizer by fermented duckweed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer by fermented duckweed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104163689A
CN104163689A CN201410332895.9A CN201410332895A CN104163689A CN 104163689 A CN104163689 A CN 104163689A CN 201410332895 A CN201410332895 A CN 201410332895A CN 104163689 A CN104163689 A CN 104163689A
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parts
duckweed
organic fertilizer
ammonium molybdate
water
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CN201410332895.9A
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陈保章
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陈保章
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Abstract

The invention relates to an organic fertilizer by fermented duckweed, which comprises the following raw materials by weight: 20-22 parts of green duckweed, 0.2-0.4 parts of EM bio fungus, 18-20 parts of pond mud, 15-18 parts of quicklime, 1-3 parts of copper sulphate, 4-6 parts of borax, 2.5-4 parts of ammonium molybdate, 1-2 parts of potassium chloride, 0.2-0.6 parts of ammonium molybdate, 0.6-0.8 parts of acetylsalicylic acid, 0.5-0.8 parts of magnesium sulfate, 1-2 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5-0.6 parts of auxiliary agent and a proper amount of water. The organic fertilizer takes duckweed, pond mud and quicklime as main materials, the bio fungus is added for fermenting, the inorganic nutriment is added, and then steps of drying and granulation are finally carried out, the duckweed and mud are selected as the raw materials due to wide source, the refuse can be utilized, duckweed has abundant nutrition in pond, and can absorb various nutrition elements in river, and the duckweed grows vigorously and has the water purification efficacy. According to the invention, duckweed is reused and then fermented to prepare the organic fertilizer, the organic fertilizer is used in the field to realize the cycle usage of the nutrition element, so that environment can be beautified, and damage of usage of the chemical materials to the environment and crop can be reduced.

Description

A kind of duckweed fermented organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of duckweed fermented organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof, belongs to the technology field of fertilizer in fertilizer.
Background technology
Organic fertilizer is rich in organic substance and the required nutritive substance of plant growth, can not only provide plant growth required nutrient, improvement soil, can also improve crop quality, improve crop yield, promote high crop yield stable yields, preservation of fertility, can improve utilization rate of fertilizer simultaneously, reduces production costs.Fully rationally utilize organic fertilizer can increase crop yield, culture fertility, improve quality of agricultural product, improve the validity of soil nutrient.Therefore; in China, apply organic fertilizer; meet the requirement of " Accelerating The Construction resource-conserving and environment-friendly society "; to promoting the friendly development of agricultural and resource, Agriculture and Environment and harmony between man and nature; from source, promote agricultural product security, cleaner production, preserve the ecological environment all significant.Along with the raising of living standards of the people, the free of contamination demand organic, green food of safety of residents health constantly increases, and vast farmers improves the market competitiveness of agricultural-food in the urgent need to application of organic fertilizers.
Country attaches great importance to the production of fertilizer, favours to support in recent years its development aspect policy.Since on June 1st, 2008, according to the documentation requirements of the Ministry of Finance and the State Tax Administration, biological organic fertilizer product was completely tax-free.Shandong Province government also subsidizes for fertilizer project for successive years.Moreover, country also starts relevant plans and the policies such as " pollution-free food action plan ", " green food ", " Organic food " authentication in succession, and agricultural-food are carried out to quality and safety control, has also driven to a certain extent the market requirement of fertilizer.Between 10 years of 2000-2010, Organic Fertilizer in China is sold average annual growth rate and is reached 56.72%, and sales revenue, by 3.55 hundred million yuan of 317.63 hundred million yuan of rising to 2010 of 2000, has increased nearly 100 times.
At present, western countries' organic fertilizer consumptions such as the U.S. have accounted for 50% of total amount, and China's Organic fertilizer industry commercialization is produced and begun to take shape, and using on a large scale of farmland is not yet universal, and accounting is less than 10%.But this has exactly also indicated that fertilizer has huge development potentiality and the market space in China.Be subject to national policy guiding and fertilizer development trend, following China organic fertilizer has a high potential, and estimates that organic rate of fertilizer will account for 30% left and right of fertilizer total quantity consumed, and in coming 10 years, Chinese organic fertilizer production will be ascendant trend year after year.
Summary of the invention
A duckweed fermented organic fertilizer, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part: blue or green duckweed 20 ~ 22, EM biological inoculum 0.2 ~ 0.4, river embankment mud 18 ~ 20, unslaked lime 15 ~ 18, copper sulfate 1 ~ 3, borax 4 ~ 6, ammonium molybdate 2.5 ~ 4, Repone K 1 ~ 2, ammonium molybdate 0.2 ~ 0.6, acetylsalicylic acid 0.6 ~ 0.8, magnesium sulfate 0.5 ~ 0.8, potassium primary phosphate 1 ~ 2, auxiliary agent 0.5 ~ 0.6 and appropriate water;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight part: dimethylpropane carboxylicesters 1 ~ 2, Xylo-Mucine 0.2 ~ 0.5, epoxy chloropropane 0.3 ~ 0.8, dimethyl silicone oil 2 ~ 3, nano-sized carbon 10 ~ 12, diethylin ethanol 0.8 ~ 1.2, coal ash 13 ~ 16, ammonium chloride 1.5 ~ 2 and appropriate water; Preparation method is: diethylin ethanol is dissolved in to 10 ~ 12 times in the water of its volume, after mixing, add dimethylpropane carboxylicesters, Xylo-Mucine, epoxy chloropropane, dimethyl silicone oil, ammonium chloride, be heated to 60 ~ 80 ℃, stir 10 ~ 15min, after dissolving, pour in the nano-sized carbon and coal ash of mixing, stir into pasty state, dry rear pulverizing and get final product.
A preparation method for duckweed fermented organic fertilizer, is characterized in that comprising following step:
(1) mix river embankment mud and unslaked lime, add afterwards blue or green duckweed, stirring and evenly mixing, adjusts steam rolling sterilizing under 130 ~ 150 ℃ of conditions of temperature, continues 30 ~ 40min;
(2) after (1) completes, be cooled to 30 ~ 40 ℃ of left and right and add EM biological inoculum, after stirring and evenly mixing, stack and ferment under moist warm environment 5 ~ 8 days;
(3) mixing copper sulfate, borax, ammonium molybdate, Repone K, ammonium molybdate, acetylsalicylic acid, magnesium sulfate, potassium primary phosphate, auxiliary agent and other remaining components, add 10 ~ 15 times to the water of gross weight, is then 0.4 ~ 0.8w/cm at intensity of acoustic wave 2ultrasonic Conditions under, stirring and dissolving, continues 30 ~ 40min;
(4) solvating agent of (3) is sprayed on the fertilizer crude product of (2), again mixes, adjust the rear abrasive dust of water content≤30% and cross 200 mesh sieves, granulation, qualified rear coating.
Advantage of the present invention: the present invention is a kind of duckweed fermented organic fertilizer, by duckweed, it is major ingredient that lotus pool mud adds unslaked lime, after adding biological bacteria fermentation, the inorganic nutriment of interpolation is finally dried, granulation completes, raw material selection duckweed, the source such as mud is wide, make refuse obtain utilization, duckweed is nutritious in river embankment, can absorb the various nutritive elements in river, growing way is vigorous, the effect that has a water purification, the present invention utilizes duckweed again, after fermentation, make organic fertilizer and again drop into field, realized recycling of nutritive element, when beautifying the environment, reduce chemistry material and use the infringement to environment and crops.
Embodiment
A duckweed fermented organic fertilizer, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part (Kg): blue or green duckweed 20 ~ 22, EM biological inoculum 0.2 ~ 0.4, river embankment mud 18 ~ 20, unslaked lime 15 ~ 18, copper sulfate 1 ~ 3, borax 4 ~ 6, ammonium molybdate 2.5 ~ 4, Repone K 1 ~ 2, ammonium molybdate 0.2 ~ 0.6, acetylsalicylic acid 0.6 ~ 0.8, magnesium sulfate 0.5 ~ 0.8, potassium primary phosphate 1 ~ 2, auxiliary agent 0.5 ~ 0.6 and appropriate water;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight part: dimethylpropane carboxylicesters 1 ~ 2, Xylo-Mucine 0.2 ~ 0.5, epoxy chloropropane 0.3 ~ 0.8, dimethyl silicone oil 2 ~ 3, nano-sized carbon 10 ~ 12, diethylin ethanol 0.8 ~ 1.2, coal ash 13 ~ 16, ammonium chloride 1.5 ~ 2 and appropriate water; Preparation method is: diethylin ethanol is dissolved in to 10 ~ 12 times in the water of its volume, after mixing, add dimethylpropane carboxylicesters, Xylo-Mucine, epoxy chloropropane, dimethyl silicone oil, ammonium chloride, be heated to 60 ~ 80 ℃, stir 10 ~ 15min, after dissolving, pour in the nano-sized carbon and coal ash of mixing, stir into pasty state, dry rear pulverizing and get final product.
A preparation method for duckweed fermented organic fertilizer, is characterized in that comprising following step:
(1) mix river embankment mud and unslaked lime, add afterwards blue or green duckweed, stirring and evenly mixing, adjusts steam rolling sterilizing under 130 ~ 150 ℃ of conditions of temperature, continues 30 ~ 40min;
(2) after (1) completes, be cooled to 30 ~ 40 ℃ of left and right and add EM biological inoculum, after stirring and evenly mixing, stack and ferment under moist warm environment 5 ~ 8 days;
(3) mixing copper sulfate, borax, ammonium molybdate, Repone K, ammonium molybdate, acetylsalicylic acid, magnesium sulfate, potassium primary phosphate, auxiliary agent and other remaining components, add 10 ~ 15 times to the water of gross weight, is then 0.4 ~ 0.8w/cm at intensity of acoustic wave 2ultrasonic Conditions under, stirring and dissolving, continues 30 ~ 40min;
(4) solvating agent of (3) is sprayed on the fertilizer crude product of (2), again mixes, adjust the rear abrasive dust of water content≤30% and cross 200 mesh sieves, granulation, qualified rear coating.

Claims (2)

1. a duckweed fermented organic fertilizer, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part: blue or green duckweed 20 ~ 22, EM biological inoculum 0.2 ~ 0.4, river embankment mud 18 ~ 20, unslaked lime 15 ~ 18, copper sulfate 1 ~ 3, borax 4 ~ 6, ammonium molybdate 2.5 ~ 4, Repone K 1 ~ 2, ammonium molybdate 0.2 ~ 0.6, acetylsalicylic acid 0.6 ~ 0.8, magnesium sulfate 0.5 ~ 0.8, potassium primary phosphate 1 ~ 2, auxiliary agent 0.5 ~ 0.6 and appropriate water;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight part: dimethylpropane carboxylicesters 1 ~ 2, Xylo-Mucine 0.2 ~ 0.5, epoxy chloropropane 0.3 ~ 0.8, dimethyl silicone oil 2 ~ 3, nano-sized carbon 10 ~ 12, diethylin ethanol 0.8 ~ 1.2, coal ash 13 ~ 16, ammonium chloride 1.5 ~ 2 and appropriate water; Preparation method is: diethylin ethanol is dissolved in to 10 ~ 12 times in the water of its volume, after mixing, add dimethylpropane carboxylicesters, Xylo-Mucine, epoxy chloropropane, dimethyl silicone oil, ammonium chloride, be heated to 60 ~ 80 ℃, stir 10 ~ 15min, after dissolving, pour in the nano-sized carbon and coal ash of mixing, stir into pasty state, dry rear pulverizing and get final product.
2. a kind of preparation method of duckweed fermented organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising following step:
(1) mix river embankment mud and unslaked lime, add afterwards blue or green duckweed, stirring and evenly mixing, adjusts steam rolling sterilizing under 130 ~ 150 ℃ of conditions of temperature, continues 30 ~ 40min;
(2) after (1) completes, be cooled to 30 ~ 40 ℃ of left and right and add EM biological inoculum, after stirring and evenly mixing, stack and ferment under moist warm environment 5 ~ 8 days;
(3) mixing copper sulfate, borax, ammonium molybdate, Repone K, ammonium molybdate, acetylsalicylic acid, magnesium sulfate, potassium primary phosphate, auxiliary agent and other remaining components, add 10 ~ 15 times to the water of gross weight, is then 0.4 ~ 0.8w/cm at intensity of acoustic wave 2ultrasonic Conditions under, stirring and dissolving, continues 30 ~ 40min;
(4) solvating agent of (3) is sprayed on the fertilizer crude product of (2), again mixes, adjust the rear abrasive dust of water content≤30% and cross 200 mesh sieves, granulation, qualified rear coating.
CN201410332895.9A 2014-07-14 2014-07-14 Organic fertilizer by fermented duckweed and preparation method thereof Pending CN104163689A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105037000A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Cultivation clay fertilizer for cypress seeds and seedlings and preparation method thereof
CN105237131A (en) * 2015-08-26 2016-01-13 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil fertilizer for seedling of osmanthus fragrans and preparation method thereof
CN105439710A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-30 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 Microbial fertilizer by efficient utilization of editable fungi residue and preparation method thereof
JP2016160129A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-05 株式会社 資生堂 Fertilizer for oryza sativa which contains fermentation product of lemna aoukikusa
CN106854122A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-06-16 明光市大全甜叶菊专业合作社 A kind of STEVIA REBAUDIANA organic fertilizer
CN109220648A (en) * 2018-07-27 2019-01-18 重庆市瑞远农业开发有限公司 Improve the implantation methods of rice organic selenium content
CN110143840A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-20 云南农业大学 A kind of water conservation fertilizer changes acid type mountain plateau red soil improving agent and its application

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1583679A (en) * 2004-06-14 2005-02-23 尚韬 Water hyacinth biological manure
CN103497064A (en) * 2013-09-23 2014-01-08 合肥市益农养殖有限公司 Active soil-improving fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103524250A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Green vegetable special-purpose fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103553790A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Multi-nutrition seedling fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1583679A (en) * 2004-06-14 2005-02-23 尚韬 Water hyacinth biological manure
CN103497064A (en) * 2013-09-23 2014-01-08 合肥市益农养殖有限公司 Active soil-improving fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103524250A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Green vegetable special-purpose fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103553790A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Multi-nutrition seedling fermentation fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016160129A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-05 株式会社 資生堂 Fertilizer for oryza sativa which contains fermentation product of lemna aoukikusa
CN105037000A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Cultivation clay fertilizer for cypress seeds and seedlings and preparation method thereof
CN105237131A (en) * 2015-08-26 2016-01-13 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil fertilizer for seedling of osmanthus fragrans and preparation method thereof
CN105439710A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-30 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 Microbial fertilizer by efficient utilization of editable fungi residue and preparation method thereof
CN106854122A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-06-16 明光市大全甜叶菊专业合作社 A kind of STEVIA REBAUDIANA organic fertilizer
CN109220648A (en) * 2018-07-27 2019-01-18 重庆市瑞远农业开发有限公司 Improve the implantation methods of rice organic selenium content
CN110143840A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-20 云南农业大学 A kind of water conservation fertilizer changes acid type mountain plateau red soil improving agent and its application

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