CN104141313B - A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system - Google Patents

A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104141313B
CN104141313B CN201310372315.4A CN201310372315A CN104141313B CN 104141313 B CN104141313 B CN 104141313B CN 201310372315 A CN201310372315 A CN 201310372315A CN 104141313 B CN104141313 B CN 104141313B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
domatic
slope collapse
gutter
mesh bag
inclination
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310372315.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104141313A (en
Inventor
翁伯琦
董晓宁
赖友辉
高承芳
江宁
张锦宇
范瑞城
李文杨
张晓佩
刘远
林碧芬
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Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201310372315.4A priority Critical patent/CN104141313B/en
Publication of CN104141313A publication Critical patent/CN104141313A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104141313B publication Critical patent/CN104141313B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system, including Inclination body, it is characterised in that:Some domatic, the domatic gradient is provided with the Inclination body within 75 °;It is described it is domatic on be provided with anti-slope collapse structure, it is adjacent it is domatic between be provided with fixed pilework;The Inclination body front portion is provided with the outside of shield platform, shield platform and is provided with gutter;The domatic front end is provided with drainpipe.The present invention by esting on Inclination body is domatic, filling mesh bag equipped with raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil, by the overall mechanics principle that terrestrial gravitation is acted on and staggered floor esting method is constituted, and the traction action for passing through spud pile, so that esting fills mesh bag and one is formed between domatic, it is very firm.Meanwhile, filling mesh bag, which can also be played, is tightly rolled in fertilizer and soil in bag, and the effect for protecting table soil and fertilizer not to be lost in by rain drop erosion plants surviving and fixed growth for vegetable seeds therein so as to ensure that.

Description

A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system
Technical field
The invention belongs to water and soil governing system field, specifically, it is related to a kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system System.
Background technology
China has substantial amounts of red earth mountains, due to the influence of the factors such as artificial and natural, causes serious water Soil is lost in.By effort for many years, original place looks by heavy damage soil erosion region using closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation, prohibits and herds etc. naturally Repair and plant grass, plant the artificial improvement of tree, achieve certain effect.But, due to artificial washup and rainwater conflux, rainwash The slope collapse of factor formation such as wash away, can not be tackled the problem at its root using the method for conventional planting grasses and trees, also not careless, tree-like Into before fixed root, just washed away by rainwater.Slope collapse is very huge to the destructive power of ecological environment, massif can be caused to collapse, Earth's surface biological destruction, primary the changing of physiognomy, mud obstruction etc..
The improvement of slope collapse is a great people's livelihood engineering, is the important foundation for protecting human setting house, to ensureing agricultural, woods Industry production sustainable development has important historic significance and realistic function.
The content of the invention
It is reasonable in design and can be effective the invention provides one kind is simple in construction in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art Administer the erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system of slope collapse.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system, including Inclination body and drainage system, it is characterised in that:It is described oblique Some domatic, the domatic gradient is provided with slopes within 75 °;It is described it is domatic on be provided with anti-slope collapse structure.Anti- slope collapse knot Structure is made up of spud pile, filler mesh bag.Spud pile includes slope wall spud pile and bank protection foundation spud pile.The domatic finishing of the slope collapse Single slope plane is at least determined for standard with volume of earthwork, it is domatic to form slope collapse finishing by several single slope planes. The bank protection finishing and filler mesh bag esting form several steps.Provided with shield platform on the outside of the bank protection foundation.The draining system System includes slope top row water, slope drainage and bottom of slope draining.
As an improvement, domatic each shoulder height 2m takes in 1m into slope, forms a step, according to collapsing The height in hillside face is differently formed several bank protection steps.
As an improvement, the anti-slope collapse structure is some filling mesh bags for filling raw material, and filling mesh bag is by domatic folded If it is in dried layer to build, and fills that mesh bag is flat and lie on domatic, the bottom of mesh bag is filled outwardly, direction at sack;Each layer Filling mesh bag between be close to, and gap placement of staggering between adjacent layer.
As an improvement, the filling mesh bag is 40cm × 50cm, mesh diameter is not more than 0.5cm.
As an improvement, the fixed pilework is the spud pile that some rows are fixed on domatic, and spud pile is diameter Long 5cm, the high 120cm long 4cm of bamboo stalk, diameter, high 120cm waddy or the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm metal tube.Use Buddhist nun Esting is mutually fastened and fastened on spud pile in domatic pocket by dragon rope.
As an improvement, several intervals 100cm × 200cm is placed in bank protection face, long 50cm, diameter 3cm drainpipe, 5 openings are sawed in the side of pipe, and Open Side Down.
As an improvement, slope top sets gutter, and pipe of cement, water are installed in gutter relative level, the place for having drop Mud pipe delivery port exceeds overboard domatic, and overboard place builds cement water-accepting tank.
As an improvement, gutter is set on the outside of bank protection foundation shield platform.
As an improvement, drainage sedimentation pond is built in slope collapse area downstream, silt is collected, mitigates sandslide.
As an improvement, protect the bottom of trench and ditch side soil in gutter not to be washed with fill-net band and the rank vegetation, Form the gutter of biological protection.
As an improvement, prick 3-5cm depths, diameter 3cm hole planting forage grass on the charging bag of esting.
As an improvement, in the filling mesh bag raw material is existing 1 part of original soil and admixes 1/5 part~1/ 4 parts of pig manure, chicken manure or duck excrement, both mix the soil containing organic fertilizer of rear support.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, compared with prior art, the present invention by esting on Inclination body is domatic, Filling mesh bag equipped with raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil, it is former by the overall mechanics that terrestrial gravitation is acted on and staggered floor esting method is constituted Reason, and the traction action for passing through spud pile so that esting fills mesh bag and one is formed between domatic, very firm.Meanwhile, Filling mesh bag, which can also be played, is tightly rolled in fertilizer and soil in bag, the work for protecting table soil and fertilizer not to be lost in by rain drop erosion With so as to ensure that surviving for plantation vegetable seeds therein.
The drainage system of structure, not only makes slope collapse is domatic to obtain effective improvement, and protect relative flowing water Channel, it is to avoid form new slope collapse, meanwhile, flowing water passes through sediment deposition, reduces the destruction to farmland and the pollution at water source, has Effect is improved the ecological environment.
The present invention can play its fertilizer efficiency with maximum efficiency, original barren soil is become fertile, improve soil Fertility, provides the nutrient of abundance for the growth of plant, seed is soon germinateed, grow, takes root.
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description simultaneously.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of slope collapse ecological management system in erosion zone of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of filling mesh bag of the present invention.
In figure:1- gutters;2- protects platform;3- drainpipes;The anti-slope collapse structures of 4-;5- Inclination bodies;6- spud piles;7- waterfall types Apparatus for falling in water;8- water-accepting tanks;9- sedimentation basins;10- fills mesh bag.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system, including Inclination body 5, the Inclination body 5 On be provided with some domatic, the domatic gradient within 75 °, meanwhile, it is domatic on be provided with anti-slope collapse structure 4, domatic and esting Fixed pilework is provided between bank protection charging bag.The bottom of Inclination body 5 is provided with shield platform 2, and the outside of shield platform 2 is provided with draining Ditch 1.The domatic front end is provided with drainpipe 3, and slope top sets gutter 1.The domatic wide 1m of each step, is highly 2m.Draining Waterfall type apparatus for falling in water 7 is set at the drop of ditch 1, and overboard place sets water-accepting tank 8 below.
The anti-slope collapse structure 4 is some filling mesh bags 10 for filling raw material, and filling mesh bag 10 is by domatic esting in some Layer, and fill that mesh bag 10 is flat and lie on domatic, fills the bottom of mesh bag 10 outwardly, direction at sack;Each layer fills out Fill between mesh bag 10 and be close to, and gap placement of staggering between adjacent layer.
The filling mesh bag 10 is 40cm × 50cm, mesh diameter is not more than 0.5cm.
The fixed pilework is multiple rows of spud pile 6 being fixed on domatic, and spud pile 6 is the long 5cm of diameter, high 120cm Bamboo stalk, the long 4cm of diameter, high 120cm waddy or the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm metal tube.With row spud pile 6 at intervals of 100cm × 100cm, upper campshed and lower campshed dislocation 50cm, and row's spud pile 6 is set against mesh bag in bank protection base portion, each The filling outer middle side part of mesh bag 10 fixes one, consolidates bank protection foundation, and 30cm zanjons are dug in foundation portion, and filling mesh bag is folded since foundation Build, play firm effect.
The drainage system slope top is provided with gutter 1, and gutter 1 is horizontally disposed, and there is installation waterfall at drop in gutter 1 Formula apparatus for falling in water 7, its overboard place's vertical direction exceeds domatic, and overboard place sets and connects 8 ponds below.
The drainage system sets silt sedimentation basin 9, and the volume of sedimentation basin 9 is according to slope top row ditch 1 and foundation gutter 3 Displacement determine that sedimentation basin 9 is rectangle, bottom of pond is less than at water outlet at cement surface, water inlet.
It is described filling mesh bag 10 in raw material for existing 1 part of original soil and admix 1/5 part~1/4 part pig manure, Chicken manure or duck excrement, both form the soil containing organic fertilizer after mixing.
The present invention by esting on Inclination body is domatic, filling mesh bag equipped with raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil, by ground The overall mechanics principle that ball graviational interaction and staggered floor esting method are constituted, and pass through the traction action of spud pile 6 so that esting Fill mesh bag and one is formed between domatic, it is very firm.Meanwhile, filling mesh bag, which can also be played, is tightly rolled in fertilizer and soil In bag, the effect for protecting table soil and fertilizer not to be lost in by rain drop erosion plants surviving for vegetable seeds therein so as to ensure that And fixed growth.
The present invention can play its fertilizer efficiency with maximum efficiency, original barren soil is become fertile, improve soil Fertility, provides the nutrient of abundance for the growth of plant, seed is soon germinateed, grow, takes root.
The present invention makes slope collapse administer the vegetation that area quickly forms dense high coverage rate, not only effectively prevents slope collapse area Further deteriorate, it is to avoid soil erosion to the destruction in farmland and the pollution at water source, and substantially increase biological yield and Bio-diversity, enriches the germ plasm resource of the bringing soil erosion under control area ecosystem, further promotes animals and plants in the ecosystem The development of group.Only bio-diversity is protected, and the whole ecosystem could be in poised state.Slope-protecting vegetation plays increasing Plus soil organic matter content, increase soil fertility, increase the effect of edaphon content, improve the physicochemical property of soil, Promote the formation of soil granular structure.Pulse family vegetation also has the effect of nitrogen in fixing soil, can be provided greatly for plant growth The nitrogen of amount.This botanical system can change Reflectivity for Growing Season, and then change surface temperature, humidity, purify air.Make whole The ecosystem is in poised state, and more diversified service is provided for the mankind.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone should learn that the knot made under the enlightenment of the present invention Structure change, it is every with it is of the invention have it is same or similar as technical scheme, belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system, including Inclination body, it is characterised in that:It is provided with the Inclination body Some domatic, the domatic gradient is within 75 °;It is described it is domatic on be provided with anti-slope collapse structure, between the domatic bag with esting filler It is provided with fixed pilework;The Inclination body foundation front portion is provided with the outside of shield platform, shield platform and is provided with gutter;It is described domatic to set Drainpipe is equipped with, domatic top is provided with setting waterfall type apparatus for falling in water at gutter, gutter drop, and overboard place is set below Put water-accepting tank;The downstream of the anti-slope collapse structure sets silt sedimentation basin, and the volume of sedimentation basin is according to the gutter of domatic top Determined with the displacement in the gutter on the outside of shield platform, sedimentation basin is rectangle, bottom of pond is to be less than water outlet at cement surface, water inlet Place;The anti-slope collapse structure is made up of spud pile, filler mesh bag, if filler mesh bag is in dried layer, and filler net by domatic esting Bag is flat and lie on domatic, the bottom of filler mesh bag outwardly, at sack inwardly;It is close between each layer of filler mesh bag, and Stagger between adjacent layer gap placement.
2. the erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described single domatic Highly it is 2m, last layer is domatic to promote 1m formation upper strata domatic into Inclination body, finally constitutes several step bank protection faces whole Body.
3. the erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The filler mesh bag It is not more than 0.5cm for 40cm × 50cm, mesh diameter.
4. the erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spud pile knot Structure is multiple rows of spud pile being fixed on domatic, and spud pile is the long 5cm of diameter, high the 120cm long 4cm of bamboo stalk, diameter, height The 120cm long 3cm of waddy or diameter, high 150cm metal tube.
5. the erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The domatic top Gutter is provided with, gutter is horizontally disposed, and there is installation waterfall type apparatus for falling in water at drop in gutter, and the overboard place in its front end hangs down Nogata is to beyond domatic, and overboard place sets water-accepting tank below.
6. the erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The filler mesh bag In raw material for existing 1 part original soil and admix 1/5 part~1/4 part of pig manure, chicken manure or duck excrement, shape after both mix Into the soil containing organic fertilizer.
CN201310372315.4A 2013-08-24 2013-08-24 A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system Expired - Fee Related CN104141313B (en)

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CN104141313B true CN104141313B (en) 2017-07-21

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1632240A (en) * 2004-11-23 2005-06-29 陈永烽 Method for treating slope slide through modified reinforcement soil blind grids
CN101205710A (en) * 2007-12-20 2008-06-25 马向前 Watershed weir series treating soil erosion and constructing method thereof
CN201390967Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-01-27 四川省交通厅交通勘察设计研究院 Slope ecological protective structure
KR20110001112U (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-02-01 (주)반석인더스트리즈 Reinforcing frame for constrwcting will
CN203583499U (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-05-07 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1632240A (en) * 2004-11-23 2005-06-29 陈永烽 Method for treating slope slide through modified reinforcement soil blind grids
CN101205710A (en) * 2007-12-20 2008-06-25 马向前 Watershed weir series treating soil erosion and constructing method thereof
CN201390967Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-01-27 四川省交通厅交通勘察设计研究院 Slope ecological protective structure
KR20110001112U (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-02-01 (주)반석인더스트리즈 Reinforcing frame for constrwcting will
CN203583499U (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-05-07 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system

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