CN104141313A - Ecological management system for collapse hills in water loss and soil erosion areas - Google Patents

Ecological management system for collapse hills in water loss and soil erosion areas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104141313A
CN104141313A CN201310372315.4A CN201310372315A CN104141313A CN 104141313 A CN104141313 A CN 104141313A CN 201310372315 A CN201310372315 A CN 201310372315A CN 104141313 A CN104141313 A CN 104141313A
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China
Prior art keywords
slope
domatic
gutter
hilllock
collapse
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Application number
CN201310372315.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104141313B (en
Inventor
翁伯琦
董晓宁
赖友辉
高承芳
江宁
张锦宇
范瑞城
李文杨
张晓佩
刘远
林碧芬
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Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201310372315.4A priority Critical patent/CN104141313B/en
Publication of CN104141313A publication Critical patent/CN104141313A/en
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Publication of CN104141313B publication Critical patent/CN104141313B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological management system for collapse hills in water loss and soil erosion areas. The system comprises a slope body and is characterized in that a plurality of slope surfaces are arranged on the slope body, and slopes of the slope surfaces are within 75 degrees; hill-collapse-prevention structures are arranged on the slope surfaces, and a fixing pile structure is arranged between every two adjacent slope surfaces; a protective platform is arranged in front of the slope body, and a drainage ditch is arranged on the outer side of the protective platform; drainage pipes are arranged at front ends of the slope surfaces. According to the system, filling net bags are stacked on the slope surfaces of the slope body and contain raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil and the like, the overall mechanics principle is formed with a layer-staggered stacking method under the action of earth gravity, and the fixed piles play a pulling role, so that the stacked filling net bags and the slope surfaces are integrated and very firm. Meanwhile, the filling net bags can also play roles in tightly wrapping fertilizer and soil in the bags and preventing surface soil and the fertilizer from being washed away by rainwater, so that survival and fixed growth of plant seeds planted in the bags are guaranteed.

Description

A kind of erosion zone collapses hilllock ecological management system
Technical field
The invention belongs to water and soil governing system field, specifically, relate to a kind of erosion zone and collapse hilllock ecological management system.
Background technology
China exists a large amount of red earth mountains, due to the artificial and impact of factors such as grade naturally, causes serious soil erosion.Through effort for many years, former landforms adopt by the soil erosion region of heavy damage closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation, prohibit to herd etc. and naturally repair and plant grass, plant the artificial improvement of setting, and have obtained certain effect.But because people is washup and rainwater conflux, surface flow the factor such as washes away and forms Beng hilllock, adopts the method for conventional planting grasses and trees to tackle the problem at its root, also, not before grass, tree form anchor root, just by rainwater, washed away.Collapse hilllock very huge to the destructive power of ecological environment, can cause that massif subsides, earth's surface biological destruction, primary the changing of physiognomy, mud obstruction etc.
The improvement of collapsing hilllock is a great people's livelihood engineering, is the important foundation to protect mankind home, to ensureing that agricultural, production of forestry sustainable development have important historic significance and realistic function.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of simple in structure, reasonable in design and can effectively administer the erosion zone that collapses hilllock and collapse hilllock ecological management system.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Erosion zone collapses a hilllock ecological management system, comprises slope body and drainage system, it is characterized in that: on the body of described slope, be provided with some domatic, the domatic gradient in 75 °; Describedly be provided with Fang Beng hilllock structure on domatic.Fang Beng hilllock structure consists of spud pile, filler mesh bag.Spud pile comprises slope wall spud pile and bank protection foundation spud pile.Described collapse hillside face finishing take volume of earthwork minimum be the single slope of standard plane, by several single slope planes, form and collapse hilllock and repair domatic.Described bank protection finishing and filler mesh bag esting form several steps.Described bank protection foundation outside is provided with protects platform.Described drainage system comprises draining at the bottom of the draining of top, slope, slope drainage and slope.
As a kind of improvement, described domatic each shoulder height 2m takes in 1m in slope, forms a step, according to different several bank protection steps that form of the height that collapses hillside face.
As a kind of improvement, described Fang Beng hilllock structure is some filling mesh bags of filling raw material, fills mesh bag and be some layers by domatic esting, and it is flat and lie in domatic above to fill mesh bag, fills the bottom of mesh bag outwardly, sack place towards; Between the filling mesh bag of every one deck, be close to, and place in the gap of staggering between adjacent layer.
As a kind of improvement, described filling mesh bag is that 40cm * 50cm, mesh diameter are not more than 0.5cm.
As a kind of improvement, described spud pile structure is that some rows are fixed on the spud pile on domatic, and spud pile is the waddy of the long 5cm of diameter, the bamboo stalk of high 120cm, the long 4cm of diameter, high 120cm or the metal tube of the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm.With nylon rope, esting is mutually fastened and fastened on spud pile at domatic pocket.
As a kind of improvement, bank protection face is placed several intervals 100cm * 200cm, long 50cm, and the gutter of diameter 3cm, 5 openings of a side saw of pipe, Open Side Down.
As a kind of improvement, slope top arranges gutter, gutter relative level, has the place of drop that pipe of cement is installed, and pipe of cement delivery port exceeds overboard domatic, and overboard place builds cement water-accepting tank.
As a kind of improvement, bank protection foundation is protected platform arranged outside gutter.
As a kind of improvement, Beng Gang district builds drainage sedimentation pond in downstream, collects silt, alleviates sandslide.
As a kind of improvement, with bottom of trench and the ditch side earth of filling guipure and rank vegetation protection gutter, be not washed, form the gutter of biological protection.
As a kind of improvement, on the charging bag of esting, prick 3-5cm dark, the hole planting forage grass of diameter 3cm.
As a kind of improvement, the raw material in described filling mesh bag is existing 1 part of original soil and pig manure, chicken manure or the duck excrement of admixing 1/5 part~1/4 part, and both mix the soil that contains organic fertilizer of rear support.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, compared with prior art, the present invention is filling mesh bag on slope body is domatic, that the raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil are housed by esting, the whole mechanics principle that formed by terrestrial gravitation effect and staggered floor esting method, and by the traction action of spud pile, make esting fill mesh bag and domatic between form one, very firm.Meanwhile, filling mesh bag can also play fertilizer and soil are tightly rolled in bag, the effect that protection table soil and fertilizer are not run off by rain drop erosion, thus guaranteed surviving of plantation vegetable seeds wherein.
The drainage system building, not only makes to collapse hillside face and has obtained effective improvement, and protected relative flowing water channel; avoid forming Xin Beng hilllock, meanwhile, flowing water is through sediment deposition; reduced the pollution to the destruction in farmland and water source, effectively improved the ecological environment.
The present invention can also maximum efficiency its fertilizer efficiency of ground performance, make original barren soil become fertile, improved soil fertility, for the growth of plant provides sufficient nutrient, make seed can germinate soon, grow, take root.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described simultaneously.
accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that erosion zone of the present invention collapses hilllock ecological management system;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of filling mesh bag of the present invention.
In figure: 1-gutter; 2-protects platform; 3-gutter; 4-Fang Beng hilllock structure; 5-slope body; 6-spud pile; 7-waterfall type apparatus for falling in water; 8-water-accepting tank; 9-sedimentation basin; 10-fills mesh bag.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of erosion zone collapses hilllock ecological management system, comprises slope body 5, on described slope body 5, be provided with some domatic, the domatic gradient in 75 °, simultaneously, on domatic, be provided with Fang Beng hilllock structure 4, domatic and esting bank protection is feeded and is provided with spud pile structure between bag.Body 5 bottoms, described slope are provided with protects platform 2, and protecting platform 2 arranged outside has gutter 1.Described domatic front end is provided with gutter 3, and top, slope arranges gutter 1.The wide 1m of domatic each step is highly 2m.1 drop place, gutter arranges waterfall type apparatus for falling in water 7, and its overboard place, below arranges water-accepting tank 8.
Described Fang Beng hilllock structure 4 is some filling mesh bags 10 of filling raw material, fills mesh bag 10 and be some layers by domatic esting, and it is flat and lie in domatic above to fill mesh bag 10, fills the bottom of mesh bag 10 outwardly, sack place towards; Between the filling mesh bag 10 of every one deck, be close to, and place in the gap of staggering between adjacent layer.
Described filling mesh bag 10 is that 40cm * 50cm, mesh diameter are not more than 0.5cm.
Described spud pile structure is the spud pile 6 that many rows are fixed on domatic, and spud pile 6 is the waddy of the long 5cm of diameter, the bamboo stalk of high 120cm, the long 4cm of diameter, high 120cm or the metal tube of the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm.With row's spud pile 6, be spaced apart 100cm * 100cm, upper campshed and lower campshed dislocation 50cm, and near mesh bag, establish row's spud pile 6 at bank protection base portion, each is filled the outer middle side part of mesh bag 10 and fixes one, firm bank protection foundation, 30cm zanjon digs in foundation portion, fills mesh bag and starts esting from foundation, plays firm effect.
Top, described drainage system slope is provided with gutter 1, and gutter 1 is for being horizontally disposed with, and gutter 1 has drop place that waterfall type apparatus for falling in water 7 is installed, and its overboard place vertical direction exceeds domatic, and its overboard place, below arranges and connects 8 ponds.
Described drainage system arranges silt sedimentation basin 9, and the volume of sedimentation basin 9 is definite according to the displacement in Po Ding gutter 1 and foundation gutter 3, and sedimentation basin 9 is rectangle, at the bottom of pond, is cement surface, and water inlet place is lower than water outlet place.
Raw material in described filling mesh bag 10 is existing 1 part of original soil and pig manure, chicken manure or the duck excrement of admixing 1/5 part~1/4 part, and both mix the soil that rear formation contains organic fertilizer.
The present invention is filling mesh bag on slope body is domatic, that the raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil are housed by esting, the whole mechanics principle that formed by terrestrial gravitation effect and staggered floor esting method, and by the traction action of spud pile 6, make esting fill mesh bag and domatic between form one, very firm.Meanwhile, filling mesh bag can also play fertilizer and soil are tightly rolled in bag, the effect that protection table soil and fertilizer are not run off by rain drop erosion, thus guaranteed surviving and fixed growth of plantation vegetable seeds wherein.
The present invention can also maximum efficiency its fertilizer efficiency of ground performance, make original barren soil become fertile, improved soil fertility, for the growth of plant provides sufficient nutrient, make seed can germinate soon, grow, take root.
Improvement district, Shi Beng of the present invention hilllock forms the vegetation of dense high coverage rate fast, not only effectively stop the further deterioration in Liao Benggang district, avoided the pollution of soil erosion to the destruction in farmland and water source, and biological yield and bio-diversity have greatly been increased, enrich the germ plasm resource of the bringing soil erosion under control district ecosystem, further promoted the development of association of plants and animals in the ecosystem.Only have bio-diversity protected, the whole ecosystem could be in equilibrium state.Slope-protecting vegetation plays increase soil organic matter content, increases soil fertility, and increases the effect of edaphon content, has improved the physicochemical property of soil, impels the formation of soil aggregate.Pulse family vegetation also has the effect of nitrogen in fixing soil, can be plant growth a large amount of nitrogens is provided.This botanical system can change Reflectivity for Growing Season, and then changes surface temperature, humidity, purifies air.Make the whole ecosystem in equilibrium state, for the mankind provide more diversified service.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone should learn the structural change of making under enlightenment of the present invention, and every have identical or akin technical scheme with the present invention, all belongs to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. erosion zone collapses a hilllock ecological management system, comprises slope body, it is characterized in that: on the body of described slope, be provided with some domatic, the domatic gradient in 75 °; Describedly be provided with Fang Beng hilllock structure on domatic, between domatic and esting filler bag, be provided with spud pile structure; Body foundation front portion, described slope is provided with protects platform, and protecting platform arranged outside has gutter; The described domatic gutter that is provided with, domatic top is provided with gutter, and drop place, gutter arranges waterfall type apparatus for falling in water, and its overboard place, below arranges water-accepting tank.
2. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described single domatic height is 2m, last layer is domatic advances 1m formation upper strata domatic in the body of slope, finally forms several step bank protection faces whole.
3. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described Fang Beng hilllock structure is some filler mesh bags of filling raw material, filler mesh bag is some layers by domatic esting, and filler mesh bag flat and lie in domatic on, the bottom of filler mesh bag outwardly, sack place towards; Between the filler mesh bag of every one deck, be close to, and place in the gap of staggering between adjacent layer.
4. according to the erosion zone described in claim 3, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described filler mesh bag is that 40cm * 50cm, mesh diameter are not more than 0.5cm.
5. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described spud pile structure is the spud pile that many rows are fixed on domatic, and spud pile is the waddy of the long 5cm of diameter, the bamboo stalk of high 120cm, the long 4cm of diameter, high 120cm or the metal tube of the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm.
6. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: top, described drainage system slope is provided with gutter, gutter is for being horizontally disposed with, gutter has drop place that waterfall type apparatus for falling in water is installed, the overboard place of its front end vertical direction exceeds domatic, and its overboard place, below arranges water-accepting tank.
7. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described drainage system arranges silt sedimentation basin, the volume of sedimentation basin is determined according to the displacement in Po Ding gutter and foundation gutter, sedimentation basin is rectangle, at the bottom of pond, be cement surface, water inlet place is lower than water outlet place.
8. according to the erosion zone described in claim 2, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: the raw material in described filler mesh bag is original soil of existing 1 part and pig manure, chicken manure or the duck excrement of admixing 1/5 part~1/4 part, and both mix the soil that contains organic fertilizer of rear support.
CN201310372315.4A 2013-08-24 2013-08-24 A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system Expired - Fee Related CN104141313B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1632240A (en) * 2004-11-23 2005-06-29 陈永烽 Method for treating slope slide through modified reinforcement soil blind grids
CN101205710A (en) * 2007-12-20 2008-06-25 马向前 Watershed weir series treating soil erosion and constructing method thereof
CN201390967Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-01-27 四川省交通厅交通勘察设计研究院 Slope ecological protective structure
KR20110001112U (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-02-01 (주)반석인더스트리즈 Reinforcing frame for constrwcting will
CN203583499U (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-05-07 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1632240A (en) * 2004-11-23 2005-06-29 陈永烽 Method for treating slope slide through modified reinforcement soil blind grids
CN101205710A (en) * 2007-12-20 2008-06-25 马向前 Watershed weir series treating soil erosion and constructing method thereof
CN201390967Y (en) * 2009-01-15 2010-01-27 四川省交通厅交通勘察设计研究院 Slope ecological protective structure
KR20110001112U (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-02-01 (주)반석인더스트리즈 Reinforcing frame for constrwcting will
CN203583499U (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-05-07 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system

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