CN203583499U - Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system - Google Patents

Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203583499U
CN203583499U CN201320518891.0U CN201320518891U CN203583499U CN 203583499 U CN203583499 U CN 203583499U CN 201320518891 U CN201320518891 U CN 201320518891U CN 203583499 U CN203583499 U CN 203583499U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
domatic
gutter
hilllock
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320518891.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董晓宁
李文杨
张晓佩
高承芳
刘远
林碧芬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201320518891.0U priority Critical patent/CN203583499U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203583499U publication Critical patent/CN203583499U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system. The system comprises a slope body and is characterized in that multiple slope faces are arranged on the slope body; the slope gradient of each slope face is within 75 degrees; each slope face is provided with a collapsing hill preventing structure; a fixing pile structure is arranged between every two adjacent slope faces; the front part of the slope body is provided with a protection bench; the outer side of the protection bench is provided with a water drainage ditch; and the front end of each slope face is provided with a water drainage pipe. According to the utility model, filling mesh bags laminated on the slope faces of the slope body and filled with organic fertilizer, soil, and other raw materials are combined with the slope faces into a whole in a very firm manner under the effect of gravitational attraction and the drawing effect of the fixing piles based on the overall mechanics principles of a staggered layer lamination method. At the same time, the filling mesh bags also can wrap the organic fertilizer and soil therein tightly, thereby preventing the surface soil and fertilizer loss due to rain wash. Therefore, the survival and fixed growth of plant seeds planted in the bags can be guaranteed.

Description

A kind of erosion zone collapses hilllock ecological management system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to water and soil governing system field, specifically, relates to a kind of erosion zone and collapses hilllock ecological management system.
Background technology
China exists a large amount of red earth mountains, due to the artificial and impact of factors such as grade naturally, causes serious soil erosion.Through effort for many years, former landforms adopt by the soil erosion region of heavy damage closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation, prohibit to herd etc. and naturally repair and plant grass, plant the artificial improvement of setting, and have obtained certain effect.But because people is washup and rainwater conflux, surface flow the factor such as washes away and forms Beng hilllock, adopts the method for conventional planting grasses and trees to tackle the problem at its root, also, not before grass, tree form anchor root, just by rainwater, washed away.Collapse hilllock very huge to the destructive power of ecological environment, can cause that massif subsides, earth's surface biological destruction, primary the changing of physiognomy, mud obstruction etc.
The improvement of collapsing hilllock is a great people's livelihood engineering, is the important foundation to protect mankind home, to ensureing that agricultural, production of forestry sustainable development have important historic significance and realistic function.
summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is a kind of simple in structure that the utility model provides, reasonable in design and can effectively administer the erosion zone that collapses hilllock and collapse hilllock ecological management system.
For addressing the above problem, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
Erosion zone collapses a hilllock ecological management system, comprises slope body and drainage system, it is characterized in that: on the body of described slope, be provided with some domatic, the domatic gradient in 75 °; Describedly be provided with Fang Beng hilllock structure on domatic.Fang Beng hilllock structure consists of spud pile, filler mesh bag.Spud pile comprises slope wall spud pile and bank protection foundation spud pile.Described collapse hillside face finishing take volume of earthwork minimum be the single slope of standard plane, by several single slope planes, form and collapse hilllock and repair domatic.Described bank protection finishing and filler mesh bag esting form several steps.Described bank protection foundation outside is provided with protects platform.Described drainage system comprises draining at the bottom of the draining of top, slope, slope drainage and slope.
As a kind of improvement, described domatic each shoulder height 2m takes in 1m in slope, forms a step, according to different several bank protection steps that form of the height that collapses hillside face.
As a kind of improvement, described Fang Beng hilllock structure is some filling mesh bags of filling raw material, fills mesh bag and be some layers by domatic esting, and it is flat and lie in domatic above to fill mesh bag, fills the bottom of mesh bag outwardly, sack place towards; Between the filling mesh bag of every one deck, be close to, and place in the gap of staggering between adjacent layer.
As a kind of improvement, described filling mesh bag is that 40cm * 50cm, mesh diameter are not more than 0.5cm.
As a kind of improvement, described spud pile structure is that some rows are fixed on the spud pile on domatic, and spud pile is the waddy of the long 5cm of diameter, the bamboo stalk of high 120cm, the long 4cm of diameter, high 120cm or the metal tube of the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm.With nylon rope, esting is mutually fastened and fastened on spud pile at domatic pocket.
As a kind of improvement, bank protection face is placed several intervals 100cm * 200cm, long 50cm, and the gutter of diameter 3cm, 5 openings of a side saw of pipe, Open Side Down.
As a kind of improvement, slope top arranges gutter, gutter relative level, has the place of drop that pipe of cement is installed, and pipe of cement delivery port exceeds overboard domatic, and overboard place builds cement water-accepting tank.
As a kind of improvement, bank protection foundation is protected platform arranged outside gutter.
As a kind of improvement, Beng Gang district builds drainage sedimentation pond in downstream, collects silt, alleviates sandslide.
As a kind of improvement, with bottom of trench and the ditch side earth of filling guipure and rank vegetation protection gutter, be not washed, form the gutter of biological protection.
As a kind of improvement, on the charging bag of esting, prick 3-5cm dark, the hole planting forage grass of diameter 3cm.
As a kind of improvement, the raw material in described filling mesh bag is existing 1 part of original soil and pig manure, chicken manure or the duck excrement of admixing 1/5 part~1/4 part, and both mix the soil that contains organic fertilizer of rear support.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, compared with prior art, the utility model is filling mesh bag on slope body is domatic, that the raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil are housed by esting, the whole mechanics principle that formed by terrestrial gravitation effect and staggered floor esting method, and by the traction action of spud pile, make esting fill mesh bag and domatic between form one, very firm.Meanwhile, filling mesh bag can also play fertilizer and soil are tightly rolled in bag, the effect that protection table soil and fertilizer are not run off by rain drop erosion, thus guaranteed surviving of plantation vegetable seeds wherein.
The drainage system building, not only makes to collapse hillside face and has obtained effective improvement, and protected relative flowing water channel; avoid forming Xin Beng hilllock, meanwhile, flowing water is through sediment deposition; reduced the pollution to the destruction in farmland and water source, effectively improved the ecological environment.
The utility model can also maximum efficiency its fertilizer efficiency of ground performance, make original barren soil become fertile, improved soil fertility, for the growth of plant provides sufficient nutrient, make seed can germinate soon, grow, take root.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail simultaneously.
accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that erosion zone described in the utility model collapses hilllock ecological management system;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of filling mesh bag described in the utility model.
In figure: 1-gutter; 2-protects platform; 3-gutter; 4-Fang Beng hilllock structure; 5-slope body; 6-spud pile; 7-waterfall type apparatus for falling in water; 8-water-accepting tank; 9-sedimentation basin; 10-fills mesh bag.
the specific embodiment
Embodiment:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of erosion zone collapses hilllock ecological management system, comprises slope body 5, on described slope body 5, be provided with some domatic, the domatic gradient in 75 °, simultaneously, on domatic, be provided with Fang Beng hilllock structure 4, domatic and esting bank protection is feeded and is provided with spud pile structure between bag.Body 5 bottoms, described slope are provided with protects platform 2, and protecting platform 2 arranged outside has gutter 1.Described domatic front end is provided with gutter 3, and top, slope arranges gutter 1.The wide 1m of domatic each step is highly 2m.1 drop place, gutter arranges waterfall type apparatus for falling in water 7, and its overboard place, below arranges water-accepting tank 8.
Described Fang Beng hilllock structure 4 is some filling mesh bags 10 of filling raw material, fills mesh bag 10 and be some layers by domatic esting, and it is flat and lie in domatic above to fill mesh bag 10, fills the bottom of mesh bag 10 outwardly, sack place towards; Between the filling mesh bag 10 of every one deck, be close to, and place in the gap of staggering between adjacent layer.
Described filling mesh bag 10 is that 40cm * 50cm, mesh diameter are not more than 0.5cm.
Described spud pile structure is the spud pile 6 that many rows are fixed on domatic, and spud pile 6 is the waddy of the long 5cm of diameter, the bamboo stalk of high 120cm, the long 4cm of diameter, high 120cm or the metal tube of the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm.With row's spud pile 6, be spaced apart 100cm * 100cm, upper campshed and lower campshed dislocation 50cm, and near mesh bag, establish row's spud pile 6 at bank protection base portion, each is filled the outer middle side part of mesh bag 10 and fixes one, firm bank protection foundation, 30cm zanjon digs in foundation portion, fills mesh bag and starts esting from foundation, plays firm effect.
Top, described drainage system slope is provided with gutter 1, and gutter 1 is for being horizontally disposed with, and gutter 1 has drop place that waterfall type apparatus for falling in water 7 is installed, and its overboard place vertical direction exceeds domatic, and its overboard place, below arranges and connects 8 ponds.
Described drainage system arranges silt sedimentation basin 9, and the volume of sedimentation basin 9 is definite according to the displacement in Po Ding gutter 1 and foundation gutter 3, and sedimentation basin 9 is rectangle, at the bottom of pond, is cement surface, and water inlet place is lower than water outlet place.
Raw material in described filling mesh bag 10 is existing 1 part of original soil and pig manure, chicken manure or the duck excrement of admixing 1/5 part~1/4 part, and both mix the soil that rear formation contains organic fertilizer.
The utility model is filling mesh bag on slope body is domatic, that the raw materials such as organic fertilizer soil are housed by esting, the whole mechanics principle that formed by terrestrial gravitation effect and staggered floor esting method, and by the traction action of spud pile 6, make esting fill mesh bag and domatic between form one, very firm.Meanwhile, filling mesh bag can also play fertilizer and soil are tightly rolled in bag, the effect that protection table soil and fertilizer are not run off by rain drop erosion, thus guaranteed surviving and fixed growth of plantation vegetable seeds wherein.
The utility model can also be brought into play its fertilizer efficiency in maximum efficiency ground, and original barren soil is become
Fertile, improved soil fertility, for the growth of plant provides sufficient nutrient, make seed can germinate soon, grow, take root.
Improvement district, the utility model Shi Beng hilllock forms the vegetation of dense high coverage rate fast, not only effectively stop the further deterioration in Liao Benggang district, avoided the pollution of soil erosion to the destruction in farmland and water source, and biological yield and bio-diversity have greatly been increased, enrich the germ plasm resource of the bringing soil erosion under control district ecosystem, further promoted the development of association of plants and animals in the ecosystem.Only have bio-diversity protected, the whole ecosystem could be in equilibrium state.Slope-protecting vegetation plays increase soil organic matter content, increases soil fertility, and increases the effect of edaphon content, has improved the physicochemical property of soil, impels the formation of soil aggregate.Pulse family vegetation also has the effect of nitrogen in fixing soil, can be plant growth a large amount of nitrogens is provided.This botanical system can change Reflectivity for Growing Season, and then changes surface temperature, humidity, purifies air.Make the whole ecosystem in equilibrium state, for the mankind provide more diversified service.
The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone should learn the structural change of making under enlightenment of the present utility model, every with the utlity model has identical or akin technical scheme, all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. erosion zone collapses a hilllock ecological management system, comprises slope body, it is characterized in that: on the body of described slope, be provided with some domatic, the domatic gradient in 75 °; Describedly be provided with Fang Beng hilllock structure on domatic, between domatic and esting filler bag, be provided with spud pile structure; Body foundation front portion, described slope is provided with protects platform, and protecting platform arranged outside has gutter; The described domatic gutter that is provided with, domatic top is provided with gutter, and drop place, gutter arranges waterfall type apparatus for falling in water, and its overboard place, below arranges water-accepting tank.
2. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described single domatic height is 2m, last layer is domatic advances 1m formation upper strata domatic in the body of slope, finally forms several step bank protection faces whole.
3. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described Fang Beng hilllock structure is some filler mesh bags of filling raw material,, described filler mesh bag is that 40cm * 50cm, mesh diameter are not more than 0.5cm.
4. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described spud pile structure is the spud pile that many rows are fixed on domatic, and spud pile is the waddy of the long 5cm of diameter, the bamboo stalk of high 120cm, the long 4cm of diameter, high 120cm or the metal tube of the long 3cm of diameter, high 150cm.
5. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: top, described drainage system slope is provided with gutter, gutter is for being horizontally disposed with, gutter has drop place that waterfall type apparatus for falling in water is installed, the overboard place of its front end vertical direction exceeds domatic, and its overboard place, below arranges water-accepting tank.
6. according to the erosion zone described in claim 1, collapse hilllock ecological management system, it is characterized in that: described drainage system arranges silt sedimentation basin, the volume of sedimentation basin is determined according to the displacement in Po Ding gutter and foundation gutter, sedimentation basin is rectangle, at the bottom of pond, be cement surface, water inlet place is lower than water outlet place.
CN201320518891.0U 2013-08-24 2013-08-24 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system Expired - Fee Related CN203583499U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320518891.0U CN203583499U (en) 2013-08-24 2013-08-24 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320518891.0U CN203583499U (en) 2013-08-24 2013-08-24 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203583499U true CN203583499U (en) 2014-05-07

Family

ID=50581442

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320518891.0U Expired - Fee Related CN203583499U (en) 2013-08-24 2013-08-24 Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203583499U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104141313A (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-11-12 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Ecological management system for collapse hills in water loss and soil erosion areas
CN109673194A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-04-26 钦州学院 A kind of improvement of Karst Rocky Desertification Region soil and soil and water conservation method
CN111379263A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-07 华能伊敏煤电有限责任公司 Water and soil conservation facility for side slope of vegetation recovery area

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104141313A (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-11-12 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Ecological management system for collapse hills in water loss and soil erosion areas
CN104141313B (en) * 2013-08-24 2017-07-21 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system
CN109673194A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-04-26 钦州学院 A kind of improvement of Karst Rocky Desertification Region soil and soil and water conservation method
CN111379263A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-07 华能伊敏煤电有限责任公司 Water and soil conservation facility for side slope of vegetation recovery area

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105103843B (en) Prevent and treat the vegetation arrangement method of dry-hot valley Mine production soil erosion
CN101946573B (en) Method for ameliorating saline and alkaline land
CN106900342B (en) Integrated semi-lithologic high slope vegetation reconstruction protection method
CN106381837B (en) A kind of lakeside zone restoration of the ecosystem structural system and restorative procedure
CN104186137B (en) The cultivating green method of beach salt-soda soil, a kind of coastal waters tall grass
CN103081689B (en) Vegetation recovery method for water front hard protection slope
CN203583499U (en) Water and soil loss region collapsing hill ecological rehabilitation system
CN100402756C (en) Live net mud-stopping dam
CN103477952A (en) Agriculture water and soil improvement irrigation and drainage system
CN106922242A (en) A kind of method of improving the soil in citrus orchard field
WO2020220671A1 (en) Mangrove afforestation method and structure for coastal rocky beach
CN105340411A (en) Modern agricultural planting hidden layer filter and drainage and water and soil improving high-yield technology blind drain
CN107165176A (en) A kind of method for strengthening the native check dam in the slope collapse exit or entrance of a clitch or check dam sediment trapping retaining
CN108978579B (en) Riverway environment restoration structure and riverway ecological environment restoration method
CN105706821A (en) Reservoir bank hydro-fluctuation belt terraced tree planting method
CN107787890B (en) Compound ecological planting and breeding system for crabs and rice
CN106545021B (en) Integration support pocket earthing and root fill ecological bank protecting method
CN103362135B (en) Fang Beng hilllock, protect water and soil net grass bank protection
CN105484225B (en) Gully head energy dissipation gully bank stabilizing method
CN104094692A (en) Method for reducing slope cropland non-point source pollution by biochar-improved ecological ridge
CN104141313B (en) A kind of erosion zone slope collapse ecological management system
CN206538735U (en) A kind of environmental compound shore structure
RU2451129C2 (en) Erosion-preventive structure of biopositive design
CN106612686A (en) Underground pipe and well connecting alkali discharge device and method
CN103141323A (en) Season drought barren slope economic crop planting pit and planting method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140507

Termination date: 20140824

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model