CN104054940B - A kind of disease-resistant grass carp feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of disease-resistant grass carp feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104054940B
CN104054940B CN201410225804.1A CN201410225804A CN104054940B CN 104054940 B CN104054940 B CN 104054940B CN 201410225804 A CN201410225804 A CN 201410225804A CN 104054940 B CN104054940 B CN 104054940B
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powder
grass carp
water
disease
decoction liquor
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CN104054940A (en
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范治淮
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范治淮
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of disease-resistant grass carp feed, made by the raw material of following weight portion: analysis for soybean powder 200-210, purple rice 10-12, walnut shell 2-3, maize straw 10-12, black rice chaff 2-3, bran 10-20, oat leaf 5-6, radix bupleuri 1-2, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf, 3-4, fruit of Chinese wolfberry 3-4, cuttlefish cream 1-2, broad bean powder 20-25, fern powder 3-4, spiral shell powder 10-15, palm oil 8-12, kapok seed oil 2-3, saccharomycete 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water were appropriate; Disease-resistant grass carp feed of the present invention, balanced in nutrition and make simple, can meet Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus desired nutritional, also there is raising immunity, prevent the effects such as grass carp is sick, the death rate of reduction grass carp, can also improve the output of grass carp, the growth cycle of shortening grass carp, effectively reduce aquaculture cost, can improve the nutritive value of grass carp meat simultaneously.

Description

A kind of disease-resistant grass carp feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly a kind of disease-resistant grass carp feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Grass carp is typical herbivorous fishes. Grass carp is the fry stage zooplankter that ingests, young stage hold concurrently food insect, earthworm, algae and duckweed etc., and body is about while reaching more than 10 centimetres, and the Aquatic Higher Plants of ingesting completely, wherein especially taking grass as many. Grass carp because of feeding habits simple, feed source is extensive, and growth is rapidly, output is high, what be often used as pond culture and lake, reservoir, river course mainly puts object in a suitable place to breed. Grass carp contains abundant unrighted acid, selenium element, and blood circulation is favourable, often edible effect that has anti-ageing, beauty treatment, appetizing, nourishing, and tumour is also had to certain preventive and therapeutic effect. Disease-resistant grass carp feed of the present invention, the combination of employing plurality of raw materials, scientific matching, improve significantly the disease-resistant rate of grass carp, the film-coating technique adopting can more effectively keep the feature such as formability and resistance to water of feed, has ensured the stability in water, has reduced water pollution, promote the fish growth of health fast, fully improved the utilization rate of feed.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has made up the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of disease-resistant grass carp feed and preparation method thereof is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Fish meal of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:: analysis for soybean powder 200-210, purple rice 10-12, walnut shell 2-3, maize straw 10-12, black rice chaff 2-3, bran 10-20, oat leaf 5-6, radix bupleuri 1-2, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf, 3-4, fruit of Chinese wolfberry 3-4, cuttlefish cream 1-2, broad bean powder 20-25, fern powder 3-4, spiral shell powder 10-15, palm oil 8-12, kapok seed oil 2-3, saccharomycete 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water were appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: rice 30-40, fragrant taro 15-20, date 10-12, diatomite 2-3, tea-seed oil 4-5, wild blue 2-3, curcuma zedoary 1-2, blue fragrant sub-5-6, Chinese milk vetch 6-7, wintercherry 12-14, honey 4-5, pea flowers 9-12, tuna 6-9, ox vertebrae 13-17, the sub-powder 7-9 of cucumber, rape flower extract 2-3, Cernevit-12 4-5, water are appropriate; Open country orchid, curcuma zedoary, Lan Xiangzi, Chinese milk vetch and ox vertebrae are added slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water by preparation method, filters to obtain decoction liquor; Pea flowers is ground to form to juice with honey, then after mixing with fragrant taro, date, diatomite, wintercherry, tuna, put into mixer and stir, upper cage cooks, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder; Rice is ground to pulping by the decoction liquor of above-mentioned gained, then mix with the sub-powder of cucumber and other residual components, heating is boiled, and spraying is dry, then mixes with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fish meal are as follows:
(1) radix bupleuri, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating sediment and decoction liquor;
(2) analysis for soybean powder is fried, then mix with decoction liquor and the suitable quantity of water of cuttlefish cream, broad bean powder, fern powder, spiral shell powder, step 1, be modulated into pasty state, gas steams 10-15 minute, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(3) sediment of step 1 being put into dryer together with walnut shell, maize straw, black rice chaff, bran, oat leaf dries, pulverize, mix with palm oil, kapok seed oil, saccharomycete and other residue compositions again, stir, sealing, fermentation 2-3 days, during this time every turning in 5-6 hour once, obtain fermentation materials, for subsequent use;
(4) mixed powder of step 2 gained is mixed with the fermentation materials of step 3 gained, granulation, dries.
In auxiliary agent, curcuma zedoary is Zingiber, turmeric perennial root draft, and taste is pungent, bitter, warm in nature, returns liver, the spleen channel, promoting qi circulation and relieving pain, long-pending dissipating bind, dissipating blood stasis with potent drugs effect. Wild orchid is the root of feverfew Radix Rhapontici seu Radix Echinopsis, and nature and flavor hardship is cold, returns stomach, large intestine, Liver Channel, has effect clearing heat and detoxicating, that invigorate blood circulation.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Disease-resistant grass carp feed of the present invention, balanced in nutrition and make simple, can meet Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus desired nutritional, also there is raising immunity, prevent the effects such as grass carp is sick, the death rate of reduction grass carp, can also improve the output of grass carp, the growth cycle of shortening grass carp, effectively reduce aquaculture cost, can improve the nutritive value of grass carp meat simultaneously.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with following detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material that takes following weight portion (kg) is made:: analysis for soybean powder 205, purple rice 11, walnut shell 2, maize straw 11, black rice chaff 3, bran 15, oat leaf 5, radix bupleuri 1, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf 3, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry 3, cuttlefish cream 1, broad bean powder 23, fern powder 3, spiral shell powder 13, palm oil 10, kapok seed oil 2, saccharomycete 3, auxiliary agent 5, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion (kg): rice 35, fragrant taro 18, date 11, diatomite 2, tea-seed oil 4, wild blue 3, curcuma zedoary 1, blue fragrant son 5, Chinese milk vetch 6, wintercherry 13, honey 5, pea flowers 11, tuna 8, ox vertebrae 15, the sub-powder 8 of cucumber, rape flower extract 2, Cernevit-12 4, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds in suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 2 hours by open country orchid, curcuma zedoary, Lan Xiangzi, Chinese milk vetch and ox vertebrae, filters to obtain decoction liquor; Pea flowers is ground to form to juice with honey, then after mixing with fragrant taro, date, diatomite, wintercherry, tuna, put into mixer and stir, upper cage cooks, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder; Rice is ground to pulping by the decoction liquor of above-mentioned gained, then mix with the sub-powder of cucumber and other residual components, heating is boiled, and spraying is dry, then mixes with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The preparation method's of fish meal concrete steps are as follows:
(1) radix bupleuri, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, separating sediment and decoction liquor;
(2) analysis for soybean powder is fried, then mix with decoction liquor and the suitable quantity of water of cuttlefish cream, broad bean powder, fern powder, spiral shell powder, step 1, be modulated into pasty state, gas steams 13 minutes, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(3) sediment of step 1 being put into dryer together with walnut shell, maize straw, black rice chaff, bran, oat leaf dries, pulverize, mix with palm oil, kapok seed oil, saccharomycete and other residue compositions again, stir, sealing, ferments 3 days, during this time every turning in 6 hours once, obtain fermentation materials, for subsequent use;
(4) mixed powder of step 2 gained is mixed with the fermentation materials of step 3 gained, granulation, dries.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, select 400 builds identical, upgrowth situation is in good health, the identical juvenile fish of age in days is as experimental subjects, be divided at random experimental group and control group, every group 200, putting into respectively the fishpond that water quality is identical raises, experimental group is raised fish meal of the present invention, control group is raised common fish meal, two groups of number of times that feed intake, quantity feeds intake, charging time is all identical, experimental period is 2 months, result of the test shows: compared with control group, the disease-resistant rate of experimental group improves 8%, the average increase by 9% of feed intake of grass carp, the daily gain of grass carp increases by 12%, survival rate is greatly enhanced.

Claims (2)

1. a disease-resistant grass carp feed, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: analysis for soybean powder 200-210, purple rice 10-12, walnut shell 2-3, maize straw 10-12, black rice chaff 2-3, bran 10-20, oat leaf 5-6, radix bupleuri 1-2, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf, 3-4, fruit of Chinese wolfberry 3-4, cuttlefish cream 1-2, broad bean powder 20-25, fern powder 3-4, spiral shell powder 10-15, palm oil 8-12, kapok seed oil 2-3, saccharomycete 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water were appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: rice 30-40, fragrant taro 15-20, date 10-12, diatomite 2-3, tea-seed oil 4-5, wild blue 2-3, curcuma zedoary 1-2, blue fragrant sub-5-6, Chinese milk vetch 6-7, wintercherry 12-14, honey 4-5, pea flowers 9-12, tuna 6-9, ox vertebrae 13-17, the sub-powder 7-9 of cucumber, rape flower extract 2-3, Cernevit-12 4-5, water are appropriate; Open country orchid, curcuma zedoary, Lan Xiangzi, Chinese milk vetch and ox vertebrae are added slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water by the preparation method of auxiliary agent, filters to obtain decoction liquor; Pea flowers is ground to form to juice with honey, then after mixing with fragrant taro, date, diatomite, wintercherry, tuna, put into mixer and stir, upper cage cooks, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder; Rice is ground to pulping by the decoction liquor of above-mentioned gained, then mix with the sub-powder of cucumber and other residual components, heating is boiled, and spraying is dry, then mixes with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
2. disease-resistant grass carp feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, preparation method's concrete steps are as follows:
(1) radix bupleuri, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating sediment and decoction liquor;
(2) analysis for soybean powder is fried, then mix with decoction liquor and the suitable quantity of water of cuttlefish cream, broad bean powder, fern powder, spiral shell powder, step (1), be modulated into pasty state, decatize 10-15 minute, freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(3) sediment of step (1) being put into dryer together with walnut shell, maize straw, black rice chaff, bran, oat leaf dries, pulverize, mix with palm oil, kapok seed oil, saccharomycete and other residual components again, stir, sealing, fermentation 2-3 days, during this time every turning in 5-6 hour once, obtain fermentation materials, for subsequent use;
(4) mixed powder of step (2) gained is mixed with the fermentation materials of step (3) gained, granulation, dries.
CN201410225804.1A 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 A kind of disease-resistant grass carp feed and preparation method thereof Active CN104054940B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104982720A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-10-21 周学固 Disease-resistant feed special for grass carps
CN105285507A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-02-03 王再青 High protein ctenopharyngodon idellus feed
CN106721512A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-05-31 保康县圆佑科技企业孵化器有限公司 A kind of feed addictive for sturgeon
CN106912411A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-04 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of promotion snakeheaded fish fast-growth
CN107252011A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-10-17 兰溪市普润斯水产养殖技术有限公司 A kind of organic yellow bull fish meal for improving immunity
CN107343576A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-11-14 兰溪市奥而特农业科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method for the organic yellow bull fish meal for improving immunity
CN107647087A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-02 五河县金塘水产养殖有限公司 A kind of bait for strengthening carp kidney cell resistance against diseases

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CN101991024B (en) * 2010-11-24 2013-02-20 广州市海维饲料有限公司 Immune reinforced type grass carp feed
CN101983582B (en) * 2010-11-24 2013-08-21 广州市海维饲料有限公司 Traditional Chinese medicine microecological preparation for preventing and treating enteritis of grass carp and preparation method thereof
CN102524562B (en) * 2011-11-16 2013-03-20 淮南市施家湖水产养殖中心 Feed additive for improving immunity of freshwater fish and preparation method thereof
CN102940157B (en) * 2012-12-06 2014-03-12 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Traditional Chinese medicine feed additive for improving disease resistance of grass carp
CN103156060A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-06-19 湖南文理学院 Compound feed for healthy aquaculture of grass carps in large water area and production method thereof
CN103202410B (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-04-09 曾龙 Feed additive for improving disease resistance of grass carps and improving meat quality and flavor

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