CN104054939A - Palatable feed for grass carp and preparation method of palatable feed - Google Patents

Palatable feed for grass carp and preparation method of palatable feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104054939A
CN104054939A CN201410225803.7A CN201410225803A CN104054939A CN 104054939 A CN104054939 A CN 104054939A CN 201410225803 A CN201410225803 A CN 201410225803A CN 104054939 A CN104054939 A CN 104054939A
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parts
powder
weight
mixed
grass carp
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范治淮
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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  • Medicines Containing Material From Animals Or Micro-Organisms (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a palatable feed for a grass carp. The palatable feed is prepared form the following raw materials in parts by weight: 230-240 parts by weight of fresh corn, 50-60 parts by weight of flour, 20-25 parts by weight of rape seed cake, 5-8 parts by weight of white granulated sugar, 6-9 parts by weight of sesame oil, 12-15 parts by weight of coarse rice powder, 1-2 parts by weight of the root of Chinese pulsatilla, 1-2 parts by weight of root of common peony, 3-4 parts by weight of isatis root, 4-5 parts by weight of broad bean straw, 3-4 parts by weight of duck blood freeze-dried powder, 6-7 parts by weight of dried hairtail powder, 1-2 parts by weight of montmorillonoid fine powder, 1-2 parts of chitin, 10-13 parts of soybean oil, 3-4 parts of saccharomycetes, 5-6 parts of additive and a proper amount of water. The fresh corn, the flour and the rape seed cake are used as main raw materials, the coarse rice powder, the dried hairtail powder and the like are used as auxiliary materials, and the white granulated sugar, the sesame oil and the like are added, thus the palatable feed has a good palatability; by adopting nutrition regulation, the growth and development requirements of the grass carp are met, and the daily gain, the disease resistance and the like of the grass carp are improved.

Description

A kind of agreeable to the taste feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly a kind of agreeable to the taste feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Grass carp is typical herbivorous fishes.Grass carp is the fry stage zooplankter that ingests, young stage hold concurrently food insect, earthworm, algae and duckweed etc., and body is about and reaches 10 centimetres when above, and the Aquatic Higher Plants of ingesting completely, wherein take grass especially as many.Grass carp because of feeding habits simple, feed source is extensive, and growth is rapidly, output is high, what be often used as pond culture and lake, reservoir, river course mainly puts object in a suitable place to breed.Grass carp contains abundant unrighted acid, selenium element, and blood circulation is favourable, the frequent edible effect that has anti-ageing, beauty treatment, appetizing, nourishing, and tumour is also had to certain preventive and therapeutic effect.Agreeable to the taste feed of grass carp of the present invention, the combination of employing plurality of raw materials, scientific matching, improved significantly the disease-resistant rate of grass carp, the film-coating technique adopting can more effectively keep the features such as the formability of feed and resistance to water, has guaranteed the stability in water, has reduced water pollution, promote the fish growth of health fast, fully improved the utilization rate of feed.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has made up the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of agreeable to the taste feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Fish meal of the present invention is made by the raw material of following weight portion: fresh corn 230-240, flour 50-60, rape cake 20-25, white granulated sugar 5-8, sesame oil 6-9, coarse rice powder 12-15, Chinese bulbul 1-2, radix paeoniae rubrathe 1-2, Radix Isatidis 3-4, broad bean straw 4-5, duck blood freeze-dried powder 3-4, hairtail dry powder 6-7, imvite fine powder 1-2, chitin 1-2, soya-bean oil 10-13, saccharomycete 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight portion: rice 30-40, fragrant taro 15-20, date 10-12, diatomite 2-3, tea-seed oil 4-5, wild blue 2-3, curcuma zedoary 1-2, blue fragrant sub-5-6, Chinese milk vetch 6-7, wintercherry 12-14, honey 4-5, pea flowers 9-12, tuna 6-9, ox vertebrae 13-17, the sub-powder 7-9 of cucumber, rape flower extract 2-3, Cernevit-12 4-5, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water by open country orchid, curcuma zedoary, Lan Xiangzi, Chinese milk vetch and ox vertebrae, filters to obtain decoction liquor; Pea flowers is ground to form to juice with honey, then after mixing with fragrant taro, date, diatomite, wintercherry, tuna, put into mixer and stir, upper cage cooks, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder; Rice is ground to pulping by the decoction liquor of above-mentioned gained, then mix with the sub-powder of cucumber and other residual components, heating is boiled, and spraying is dry, then mixes with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fish meal are as follows:
(1) fresh corn is ground to pulping, after mixing with flour, furnishing pasty state, gas steams 10-15 minute, then grinds and obtain powder through freeze drying, obtains mixed powder;
(2) Chinese bulbul, the radix paeoniae rubrathe, Radix Isatidis are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating sediment and decoction liquor;
(3) mixed powder of step 1 is mixed with decoction liquor and the suitable quantity of water of step 2, stir, granulation, dries, and obtains hybrid particles, standby;
(4) will after the sediment of step 2 and the oven dry of broad bean straw, pulverize, mix with rape cake, white granulated sugar, coarse rice powder, duck blood freeze-dried powder, hairtail dry powder, imvite fine powder, saccharomycete and suitable quantity of water again, stir, sealing, fermentation 2-3 days, every 5-6 hour, stir once during this time, after having fermented, dry granulation, the particle that must ferment, standby;
(5) sesame oil, chitin, soya-bean oil and other residual components are mixed, obtain mixed material, standby;
(6) the fermentation particle of the hybrid particles of step 3, step 4 is mixed, then the mixed material of step 5 is sprayed to its surface equably.
In auxiliary agent, curcuma zedoary is Zingiber, turmeric perennial root draft, and taste is pungent, bitter, warm in nature, returns liver, the spleen channel, promoting qi circulation and relieving pain, long-pending dissipating bind, dissipating blood stasis with potent drugs effect.Wild orchid is the root of feverfew Radix Rhapontici seu Radix Echinopsis, and nature and flavor are bitter, cold, returns stomach, large intestine, Liver Channel, has effect clearing heat and detoxicating, that invigorate blood circulation.
In raw material, the Chinese bulbul is Ranunculaceae Pulsatilla plant, and bitter is cold in nature, returns stomach through, large intestine channel, have clearing heat and detoxicating, remove heat from the blood and relieve diarrhea, the effect of removing dampness and destroying parasites.The radix paeoniae rubrathe is the dry root of the ranunculaceae plant radix paeoniae rubrathe or the river radix paeoniae rubrathe, bitter, and cold nature, returns Liver Channel, has the effect of clearing heat and cooling blood, promoting blood circulation.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Agreeable to the taste feed of grass carp of the present invention, fresh corn and flour, rape cake are main material, and the auxiliary material such as coarse rice powder, hairtail dry powder, add again white granulated sugar, sesame oil etc. and give and have good palatability, nutrition regulation has met the fish demand of growing, and has improved daily gain, disease resistance of grass carp etc.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with the following specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material that takes following weight portion (kg) is made: fresh corn 235, flour 55, rape cake 23, white granulated sugar 7, sesame oil 7, coarse rice powder 13, the Chinese bulbul 1, the radix paeoniae rubrathe 1, Radix Isatidis 3, broad bean straw 4, duck blood freeze-dried powder 3, hairtail dry powder 6, imvite fine powder 1, chitin 1, soya-bean oil 12, saccharomycete 3, auxiliary agent 5, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight portion (kg): rice 35, fragrant taro 18, date 11, diatomite 2, tea-seed oil 4, wild blue 3, curcuma zedoary 1, blue fragrant son 5, Chinese milk vetch 6, wintercherry 13, honey 5, pea flowers 11, tuna 8, ox vertebrae 15, the sub-powder 8 of cucumber, rape flower extract 2, Cernevit-12 4, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds in suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 2 hours by open country orchid, curcuma zedoary, Lan Xiangzi, Chinese milk vetch and ox vertebrae, filters to obtain decoction liquor; Pea flowers is ground to form to juice with honey, then after mixing with fragrant taro, date, diatomite, wintercherry, tuna, put into mixer and stir, upper cage cooks, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder; Rice is ground to pulping by the decoction liquor of above-mentioned gained, then mix with the sub-powder of cucumber and other residual components, heating is boiled, and spraying is dry, then mixes with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The preparation method's of fish meal concrete steps are as follows:
(1) fresh corn is ground to pulping, after mixing with flour, furnishing pasty state, gas steams 15 minutes, then grinds and obtain powder through freeze drying, obtains mixed powder;
(2) Chinese bulbul, the radix paeoniae rubrathe, Radix Isatidis are added to suitable quantity of water 1 hour at a simmer, separating sediment and decoction liquor;
(3) mixed powder of step 1 is mixed with decoction liquor and the suitable quantity of water of step 2, stir, granulation, dries, and obtains hybrid particles, standby;
(4) will after the sediment of step 2 and the oven dry of broad bean straw, pulverize, mix with rape cake, white granulated sugar, coarse rice powder, duck blood freeze-dried powder, hairtail dry powder, imvite fine powder, saccharomycete and suitable quantity of water again, stir, sealing, ferments 2 days, every 5 hours, stir once during this time, after having fermented, dry granulation, the particle that must ferment, standby;
(5) sesame oil, chitin, soya-bean oil and other residual components are mixed, obtain mixed material, standby;
(6) the fermentation particle of the hybrid particles of step 3, step 4 is mixed, then the mixed material of step 5 is sprayed to its surface equably.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, select 400 builds identical, upgrowth situation is in good health, the identical juvenile fish of age in days is as experimental subjects, be divided at random experimental group and control group, every group 200, putting into respectively the fishpond that water quality is identical raises, experimental group is raised fish meal of the present invention, control group is raised common fish meal, two groups of number of times that feed intake, quantity feeds intake, charging time is all identical, experimental period is 2 months, result of the test shows: compare with control group, the disease-resistant rate of experimental group improves 7%, the average increase by 9% of feed intake of grass carp, the daily gain of grass carp increases by 10%, survival rate is greatly enhanced.

Claims (2)

1. an agreeable to the taste feed of grass carp, it is characterized in that, by the raw material of following weight portion, made: fresh corn 230-240, flour 50-60, rape cake 20-25, white granulated sugar 5-8, sesame oil 6-9, coarse rice powder 12-15, Chinese bulbul 1-2, radix paeoniae rubrathe 1-2, Radix Isatidis 3-4, broad bean straw 4-5, duck blood freeze-dried powder 3-4, hairtail dry powder 6-7, imvite fine powder 1-2, chitin 1-2, soya-bean oil 10-13, saccharomycete 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight portion: rice 30-40, fragrant taro 15-20, date 10-12, diatomite 2-3, tea-seed oil 4-5, wild blue 2-3, curcuma zedoary 1-2, blue fragrant sub-5-6, Chinese milk vetch 6-7, wintercherry 12-14, honey 4-5, pea flowers 9-12, tuna 6-9, ox vertebrae 13-17, the sub-powder 7-9 of cucumber, rape flower extract 2-3, Cernevit-12 4-5, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water by open country orchid, curcuma zedoary, Lan Xiangzi, Chinese milk vetch and ox vertebrae, filters to obtain decoction liquor; Pea flowers is ground to form to juice with honey, then after mixing with fragrant taro, date, diatomite, wintercherry, tuna, put into mixer and stir, upper cage cooks, and freeze drying is pulverized, and obtains mixed powder; Rice is ground to pulping by the decoction liquor of above-mentioned gained, then mix with the sub-powder of cucumber and other residual components, heating is boiled, and spraying is dry, then mixes with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
2. according to agreeable to the taste feed of grass carp described in claims 1, it is characterized in that, preparation method's concrete steps are as follows:
(1) fresh corn is ground to pulping, after mixing with flour, furnishing pasty state, gas steams 10-15 minute, then grinds and obtain powder through freeze drying, obtains mixed powder;
(2) Chinese bulbul, the radix paeoniae rubrathe, Radix Isatidis are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating sediment and decoction liquor;
(3) mixed powder of step 1 is mixed with decoction liquor and the suitable quantity of water of step 2, stir, granulation, dries, and obtains hybrid particles, standby;
(4) will after the sediment of step 2 and the oven dry of broad bean straw, pulverize, mix with rape cake, white granulated sugar, coarse rice powder, duck blood freeze-dried powder, hairtail dry powder, imvite fine powder, saccharomycete and suitable quantity of water again, stir, sealing, fermentation 2-3 days, every 5-6 hour, stir once during this time, after having fermented, dry granulation, the particle that must ferment, standby;
(5) sesame oil, chitin, soya-bean oil and other residual components are mixed, obtain mixed material, standby;
(6) the fermentation particle of the hybrid particles of step 3, step 4 is mixed, then the mixed material of step 5 is sprayed to its surface equably.
CN201410225803.7A 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Palatable feed for grass carp and preparation method of palatable feed Pending CN104054939A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106063526A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-02 怀宁县龙盛草业有限公司 A kind of feed of grass carp of good palatability and preparation method thereof
CN106260593A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 怀宁县龙盛草业有限公司 A kind of jasmine fragrance feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof
CN107801866A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-03-16 芜湖市宝金生态农业有限公司 A kind of grass carp getting fat disease-resistant feed
CN108651702A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-10-16 安徽宜丰生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of grass carp mixed feed

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1853498A (en) * 2005-04-27 2006-11-01 南通巴大饲料有限公司 Incommensurable ecological nutrient mixed forage for aquatic production
CN101810261A (en) * 2010-04-27 2010-08-25 中山大学 Grass carp compound feed
CN103598442A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 高雷 Grass carp feed containing Chinese herbal medicines
CN103652475A (en) * 2013-12-07 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Feed for grass carp

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1853498A (en) * 2005-04-27 2006-11-01 南通巴大饲料有限公司 Incommensurable ecological nutrient mixed forage for aquatic production
CN101810261A (en) * 2010-04-27 2010-08-25 中山大学 Grass carp compound feed
CN103598442A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 高雷 Grass carp feed containing Chinese herbal medicines
CN103652475A (en) * 2013-12-07 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Feed for grass carp

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106063526A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-02 怀宁县龙盛草业有限公司 A kind of feed of grass carp of good palatability and preparation method thereof
CN106260593A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 怀宁县龙盛草业有限公司 A kind of jasmine fragrance feed of grass carp and preparation method thereof
CN107801866A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-03-16 芜湖市宝金生态农业有限公司 A kind of grass carp getting fat disease-resistant feed
CN108651702A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-10-16 安徽宜丰生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of grass carp mixed feed

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Application publication date: 20140924

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