CN104026163A - Composite natural insecticide for preventing and controlling aphids and preparation method of composite natural insecticide - Google Patents

Composite natural insecticide for preventing and controlling aphids and preparation method of composite natural insecticide Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104026163A
CN104026163A CN201410291054.8A CN201410291054A CN104026163A CN 104026163 A CN104026163 A CN 104026163A CN 201410291054 A CN201410291054 A CN 201410291054A CN 104026163 A CN104026163 A CN 104026163A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
insecticide
weight
ash
composite natural
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Pending
Application number
CN201410291054.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾肖红
章隆泉
潘琳
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Wuxi Chongan District Technology Innovation Service Center
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Wuxi Chongan District Technology Innovation Service Center
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Priority to CN201410291054.8A priority Critical patent/CN104026163A/en
Publication of CN104026163A publication Critical patent/CN104026163A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses a composite natural insecticide for preventing and controlling aphids and a preparation method of the composite natural insecticide. The composite natural insecticide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 80 to 200 parts of plant ash, 20 to 40 parts of castor leaves, 20 to 40 parts of pepper and 5 to 10 parts of dry citrus peel. The preparation method comprises the following steps of (1) weighing the plant ash in parts by weight, pouring into water, soaking for more than 24 hours and filtering, so as to obtain a filter liquor I for standby application; (2) weighing the castor leaves, the peppers and the dry citrus peel in parts by weight, mashing, adding clear water, boiling, keeping a slightly boiling state for 2 to 4 hours, standing, cooling, filtering and mixing a filter liquor II with the filter liquor I prepared in the step (1), so as to obtain the composite natural insecticide. Raw materials of the composite natural insecticide are natural and environmental, and the composite natural insecticide is harmless to human bodies and environments; the composite natural insecticide has a good effect on killing the aphids without resistance; the plant ash can be used for killing insects and supplying multiple nutritional ingredients to plants and can be directly absorbed and utilized, so as to promote the growth of crops and enhance the insect resistant capability.

Description

A kind of anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to pesticide production technology field, be specifically related to a kind of anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Aphid is to breed the fastest insect, worldwide be widely distributed, also be one of insect the most disruptive on the earth simultaneously, be grain, cotton, oil, fiber crops, tea, sugar, dish, cigarette, really, the destruction killer of the economic plants such as medicine and trees, and to repeatedly shift and taste food while finding host plant due to its dispersal flight, so can propagate much Plants virus, cause larger harm.Therefore, all the time, anti-eliminating aphis is important topic of pesticide production technology field.
At present main means of prevention is is still prevented and treated by chemical pesticide, and missible oil as clear in aphid mite, imidacloprid series, aphid lice are clean, Aphox etc., but the residual harm of chemical pesticide is day by day obvious, and the water pollution causing is also very large to environmental hazard; And the anti-aphid agricultural chemicals of existing plant resource is because being subject to planting geographical environmental limit, resource is very limited, so expensive.So, find novel environment friendly and wide material sources the anti-agricultural chemicals eliminating aphis quite paid attention to.
Summary of the invention
Based on foregoing, the present invention uses various plants source extract combination to form natural organic agricultural chemicals, can be widely used in vegetables, fruit, the anti-of traditional Chinese medicine and eliminate aphis, and has good anti-aphid effect, green safety.
One of object of the present invention is to provide a kind of anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis, and comprises by weight following component: 80~200 parts of ash, 20~40 parts of castor bean leaves, 20~40 parts, capsicum, 5~10 parts of dry orange peels.
Preferably, comprise by weight following component: 120~160 parts of ash, 26~34 parts of castor bean leaves, 26~34 parts, capsicum, 7~9 parts of dry orange peels.
More preferably, comprise by weight following component: 140 parts of ash, 30 parts of castor bean leaves, 30 parts, capsicum, 8 parts of dry orange peels.
Ash can suppress the growth of aphid, can also provide fertilizer for plant.
Ricin (WA) in castor bean leaf has stronger inhibitory action to aphid, is the important sources of manufacturing biopesticide.
Capsicum and orange peel have respectively and tag and fumigation action aphid.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of anti-composite natral method for producing insecticide eliminating aphis, comprise following operating procedure:
(1) take ash, by weight, be poured into water, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use;
(2) take, by weight castor bean leaf, capsicum, dry orange peel, smash to pieces, add clear water and boil that rear maintenance is micro-boils 2~4 hours, leave standstill cooling, filter, filtrate is mixed with the filtrate that step (1) makes, and must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
In step (1), the weight ratio of ash and water is 1:5.
In step (2), clear water addition is as the criterion to cover raw material.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1) raw material natural environmental-protective of the present invention, after using, all harmless to human body and environment;
2) this product is good to the killing effect of aphid, non-resistant;
3) ash, except playing insecticidal action, can also provide multiple nutritional components to plant, is directly absorbed by plant, promotes crop growth and strengthens its insect protected ability.
Embodiment
By several specific embodiments, the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis of the present invention is described in further detail below, person of ordinary skill in the field can make own required insecticide with reference to the compound method of embodiment, but should not be construed as any limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
Take 80 parts of ash, pour in the water of 5 times of weight of ash, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use; Take 20 parts of castor bean leaves, 20 parts, capsicum, 5 parts of dry orange peels, smash to pieces, add clear water and cover raw material, be heated to boil, keep micro-and boil 2 hours, standing cooling, to filter, filtrate is mixed with ash filtrate for subsequent use, must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
Embodiment 2
Take 100 parts of ash, pour in the water of 5 times of weight of ash, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use; Take 22 parts of castor bean leaves, 22 parts, capsicum, 6 parts of dry orange peels, smash to pieces, add clear water and cover raw material, be heated to boil, keep micro-and boil 2 hours, standing cooling, to filter, filtrate is mixed with ash filtrate for subsequent use, must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
Embodiment 3
Take 120 parts of ash, pour in the water of 5 times of weight of ash, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use; Take 26 parts of castor bean leaves, 26 parts, capsicum, 7 parts of dry orange peels, smash to pieces, add clear water and cover raw material, be heated to boil, keep micro-and boil 3 hours, standing cooling, to filter, filtrate is mixed with ash filtrate for subsequent use, must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
Embodiment 4
Take 140 parts of ash, pour in the water of 5 times of weight of ash, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use; Take 30 parts of castor bean leaves, 30 parts, capsicum, 8 parts of dry orange peels, smash to pieces, add clear water and cover raw material, be heated to boil, keep micro-and boil 3 hours, standing cooling, to filter, filtrate is mixed with ash filtrate for subsequent use, must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
Embodiment 5
Take 160 parts of ash, pour in the water of 5 times of weight of ash, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use; Take 34 parts of castor bean leaves, 34 parts, capsicum, 9 parts of dry orange peels, smash to pieces, add clear water and cover raw material, be heated to boil, keep micro-and boil 4 hours, standing cooling, to filter, filtrate is mixed with ash filtrate for subsequent use, must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
Embodiment 6
Take 180 parts of ash, pour in the water of 5 times of weight of ash, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use; Take 38 parts of castor bean leaves, 38 parts, capsicum, 10 parts of dry orange peels, smash to pieces, add clear water and cover raw material, be heated to boil, keep micro-and boil 4 hours, standing cooling, to filter, filtrate is mixed with ash filtrate for subsequent use, must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
Embodiment 7
Take 200 parts of ash, pour in the water of 5 times of weight of ash, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use; Take 40 parts of castor bean leaves, 40 parts, capsicum, 10 parts of dry orange peels, smash to pieces, add clear water and cover raw material, be heated to boil, keep micro-and boil 4 hours, standing cooling, to filter, filtrate is mixed with ash filtrate for subsequent use, must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
Embodiment 8 performance tests 1
Win 7, the healthy cotton leaf without worm, spray the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis that embodiment 1~7 configures with hand-pressing miniature sprayer, the degree that sprays is not dripped and is as the criterion to wet.After drying, put into respectively 7 Disposable paper cups, in each cup, put into a slice.Then in each dixie cup, put into 20 and from Cotton Fields, catch the uniform aphid of getting, with gauze and rubber band sealing, prevent aphid escape.Respectively at after 24 hours, after 48 hours, 72 hours " Invest, Then Investigate " aphids borer population of living, calculate lethality, the results are shown in following table 1.
The control efficiency of the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis of table 1 embodiment 1~7 preparation to cotton aphid
As can be seen from Table 1, insecticide of the present invention has good killing effect to cotton aphid.
Embodiment 9 performance tests 2
Win 7, the healthy peach leaf without worm, spray the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis that embodiment 1~7 configures with hand-pressing miniature sprayer, the degree that sprays is not dripped and is as the criterion to wet.After drying, put into respectively 7 Disposable paper cups, in each cup, put into a slice.Then in each dixie cup, put into 20 and catch the uniform aphid of getting from peach, with gauze and rubber band sealing, prevent aphid escape.Respectively at after 24 hours, after 48 hours, 72 hours " Invest, Then Investigate " aphids borer population of living, calculate lethality, the results are shown in following table 2.
The control efficiency of the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis of table 2 embodiment 1~7 preparation to peach aphid
As can be seen from Table 2, insecticide of the present invention has good killing effect to peach aphid.
Embodiment 10 performance tests 3
Win 7, the healthy green vegetables leaf without worm, spray the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis that embodiment 1~7 configures with hand-pressing miniature sprayer, the degree that sprays is not dripped and is as the criterion to wet.After drying, put into respectively 7 Disposable paper cups, in each cup, put into a slice.Then in each dixie cup, put into 20 and catch the uniform aphid of getting from green vegetables field, with gauze and rubber band sealing, prevent aphid escape.Respectively at after 24 hours, after 48 hours, 72 hours " Invest, Then Investigate " aphids borer population of living, calculate lethality, the results are shown in following table 3.
The control efficiency of the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis of table 3 embodiment 1~7 preparation to green vegetables aphid
As can be seen from Table 3, insecticide of the present invention has good killing effect to green vegetables aphid.

Claims (6)

1. the anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis, is characterized in that, comprises by weight following component: 80 ~ 200 parts of ash, 20 ~ 40 parts of castor bean leaves, 20 ~ 40 parts, capsicum, 5 ~ 10 parts of dry orange peels.
2. a kind of anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises by weight following component: 120 ~ 160 parts of ash, 26 ~ 34 parts of castor bean leaves, 26 ~ 34 parts, capsicum, 7 ~ 9 parts of dry orange peels.
3. a kind of anti-composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis according to claim 2, is characterized in that, comprises by weight following component: 140 parts of ash, 30 parts of castor bean leaves, 30 parts, capsicum, 8 parts of dry orange peels.
4. based on a kind of anti-composite natral method for producing insecticide eliminating aphis claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise following operating procedure:
(1) take ash, by weight, be poured into water, soak more than 24 hours, filter, filtrate is for subsequent use;
(2) take, by weight castor bean leaf, capsicum, dry orange peel, smash to pieces, add clear water and boil that rear maintenance is micro-boils 2 ~ 4 hours, leave standstill coolingly, filter, filtrate is mixed with the filtrate that step (1) makes, and must prevent the composite natral insecticide eliminating aphis.
5. a kind of anti-composite natral method for producing insecticide eliminating aphis according to claim 4, is characterized in that, in step (1), the weight ratio of ash and water is 1:5.
6. a kind of anti-composite natral method for producing insecticide eliminating aphis according to claim 4, is characterized in that, in step (2), clear water addition is as the criterion to cover raw material.
CN201410291054.8A 2014-06-25 2014-06-25 Composite natural insecticide for preventing and controlling aphids and preparation method of composite natural insecticide Pending CN104026163A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105532757A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-05-04 吕强 Pre-emergence insecticide for peach tree
CN105594762A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-25 范洲卫 Efficient and environment-friendly biological insecticide and preparation method of efficient and environment-friendly biological insecticide
CN105917953A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-07 麻考 High-yield cultivation method for melons in greenhouse
CN109906906A (en) * 2019-01-06 2019-06-21 山东农业大学 A method of chrysanthemum for tea use aphid is prevented and treated using chemical nitrogen fertilizer

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994000010A1 (en) * 1992-06-24 1994-01-06 Wilson Walter Rd Organic pesticide
WO2007054502A2 (en) * 2005-11-14 2007-05-18 Dahlheim Hannah W Method and agent for controlling microorganisms and bacteria
CN101715793A (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-06-02 茹晖 Ecological pesticide and preparation method thereof
CN103749568A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-04-30 房伟 Manufacturing method for biological pesticide

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994000010A1 (en) * 1992-06-24 1994-01-06 Wilson Walter Rd Organic pesticide
WO2007054502A2 (en) * 2005-11-14 2007-05-18 Dahlheim Hannah W Method and agent for controlling microorganisms and bacteria
CN101715793A (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-06-02 茹晖 Ecological pesticide and preparation method thereof
CN103749568A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-04-30 房伟 Manufacturing method for biological pesticide

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Title
刘好: "土法防治蔬菜病害集锦", 《农业工程技术﹒温室园艺》, no. 2, 28 February 2006 (2006-02-28), pages 39 *
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105594762A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-25 范洲卫 Efficient and environment-friendly biological insecticide and preparation method of efficient and environment-friendly biological insecticide
CN105532757A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-05-04 吕强 Pre-emergence insecticide for peach tree
CN105917953A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-07 麻考 High-yield cultivation method for melons in greenhouse
CN109906906A (en) * 2019-01-06 2019-06-21 山东农业大学 A method of chrysanthemum for tea use aphid is prevented and treated using chemical nitrogen fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20140910