CN103936506B - A kind of multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer - Google Patents

A kind of multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103936506B
CN103936506B CN201410146258.2A CN201410146258A CN103936506B CN 103936506 B CN103936506 B CN 103936506B CN 201410146258 A CN201410146258 A CN 201410146258A CN 103936506 B CN103936506 B CN 103936506B
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
organic fertilizer
composite organic
combination
microbial composite
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CN201410146258.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103936506A (en
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杨学立
杜志勇
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青岛海森生物科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer, comprise 10~15 parts of microbial function bacterial classifications, 30~50 parts, compost, 5~10 parts of water-loss reducers, 0~5 part, nitrogenous fertilizer, 0~5 part, phosphate fertilizer, 0~10 part, potash fertilizer, 0~5 part of secondary and micro-element fertilizers. The present invention is applicable to that nutrient is barren, the soil of poor water retention property, as the application of crop-planting aspect on the drought unfertile land of hills, also can be applicable to grow seedlings and soilless culture substrate technical elements.

Description

A kind of multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fertilizer, be specifically related to a kind of multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer.

Background technology

Along with the development of nuisanceless, green and organic agriculture, adopt the fertilizer of microorganism fermenting and producing to becomeA new trend, organic fertilizer is rich in organic matter and the needed nutriment of plant growth, can not only carryFor the required nutrient of plant growth, improvement soil, can also improve crop quality, improves crop yield, keepsSoil fertility, can improve utilization rate of fertilizer simultaneously, reduces production costs.

Mostly prior art is to utilize microorganism in organic fertilizer top fermentation, obtains multi-Functional Fertilizers and then acts onField crops. And utilize multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer, prevent and treat soil-borne disease and by soil, fieldInorganic substances through biological metabolism conversion, form the research that plant growth is played to beneficial effect and rarely have reportRoad. In addition, be no matter in south or northern, irrigation method is all nothing more than being man-made irrigation and raining, byIn solving the preservation problem of fertilizer in soil, the water that a large amount of fertilizer is irrigated washes away, directly impactTo the nutrition supply of crop.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer, comprise microbial function10~15 parts of bacterial classifications, 30~50 parts, compost, 5~10 parts of water-loss reducers, 0~5 part, nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer 0~5Part, 0~10 part, potash fertilizer, 0~5 part of secondary and micro-element fertilizers.

Described microbial function bacterial classification be phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma,The combination of three or more of ferment bacterium.

Described compost is the product that cow dung obtains after aerobic compost processing procedure.

Described aerobic compost processing procedure is carried out in fermentation tank, and wherein, warehouse temperature is greater than 55 DEG C, the timeBe greater than 72h.

Described water-loss reducer is hydroxyethylcellulose, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylamide, polyacrylic acid potassium, poly-thirdThe combination of one or more in olefin(e) acid ammonium.

Described nitrogenous fertilizer is one or more the combination in urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate.

Described phosphate fertilizer is one or more the combination in MAP, calcium superphosphate, ground phosphate rock.

Described ground phosphate rock was the ground phosphate rock of 149 μ m sieves.

Described potash fertilizer is one or more the combination in potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium dihydrogen phosphate.

Described secondary and micro-element fertilizers is magnesium sulfate, calcium carbonate, ammonium molybdate, boric acid, EDTA-Fe, sulfuric acidThe combination of one or more in manganese, copper sulphate, zinc sulfate.

This multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer is barren at nutrient, the soil of poor water retention property, as thin in hills droughtThe application of crop-planting aspect on the ground, also can be applicable to grow seedlings and soilless culture substrate technical elements.

In this multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer, the interpolation of water-loss reducer has strengthened water retention, can beIn short time, bio-organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer are fully absorbed, and are stored up, treat Dry land,When plant need to absorb nutrition and moisture, discharge again, ensured the need of plant to fertilizer in soil and waterWant, thereby improve crop yield; Multiple-microorganism composition can be replaced as trip by the oxygen element in female soil saltFrom oxygen, increase soil porosity, the inorganic salts metal ion simultaneously dissociateing, can meet plant send outEducate the growth needs to plurality of inorganic salt metal ion in process; This microorganism compound organic fertilizer also can be brought into play anti-Effect of controlling the soil-borne diseases such as root rot, stem rot and droop, can effectively improve the survival rate of crop in seedling stage.

This multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer raw material sources is extensive, cost is low, with strong points, comprehensiveClose cost performance high, easy to use.

Detailed description of the invention:

Below in conjunction with concrete case study on implementation, the present invention is described in further detail:

Embodiment 1

The microbial function bacterial classification preparation 150kg of phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, bacillus subtilis, compost 600Kg, urea 50kg, ground phosphate rock 50kg, potassium chloride 50kg, polyacrylamide 100kg.

For peanut seedling, the content of organic matter (%): 41.5, full nitrogen (N%): 4.29, full phosphorus (P2O5%):1.25, full potassium (K2O%): 3.62, full calcium (CaO%): 3.07, full magnesium (MgO%): 0.78, protectWater-based (water suction multiple): 5~10, porosity (%): 71.3, plant shoot survival percent: 95~98%, control flowerTake root maize ear rot, stem rot effect: 75~96%.

Embodiment 2

The microbial function bacterial classification preparation 200kg of phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, bacillus subtilis, compost 650Kg, ammonium nitrate 60kg, calcium superphosphate 60kg, potassium sulfate 60kg, polyacrylic acid potassium 120kg.

For peanut seedling, the content of organic matter (%): 44.5, full nitrogen (N%): 4.02, full phosphorus (P2O5%):1.20, full potassium (K2O%): 5.40, water-retaining property (water suction multiple): 5~8, porosity (%): 70.2,Plant shoot survival percent: 93~97%, control Roots of Peanut maize ear rot, stem rot effect: 73~94%.

Embodiment 3

The microbial function of phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, ferment bacterium, bacillus subtilis and TrichodermaBacterial classification preparation 150kg, compost 600kg, urea 50kg, ground phosphate rock 50kg, potassium chloride 50kg,Zinc sulfate 2kg, manganese sulfate 0.8kg, EDTA-Fe1.2kg, calcium carbonate 1.2kg, magnesium sulfate 4kg,Hydroxyethylcellulose 30kg, polyacrylamide 10kg, polyacrylic acid potassium 5kg.

For tomato seedling, the content of organic matter (%): 47.0, full nitrogen (N%): 4.60, full phosphorus (P2O5%):1.70, full potassium (K2O%): 3.90, full calcium (CaO%): 3.60, full magnesium (MgO%): 0.90, protectWater-based (water suction multiple): 5~7, porosity (%): 75.5, plant shoot survival percent: 96~98%, control kindEggplant droop effect: 83~97%.

Claims (6)

1. a multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, composed of the following components, microorganism10~15 parts of function bacterial classifications, 30~50 parts, compost, 5~10 parts of water-loss reducers, 0~5 part, nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer0~5 part, 0~10 part, potash fertilizer, 0~5 part of secondary and micro-element fertilizers;
Described microbial function bacterial classification be phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma,The combination of three or more of ferment bacterium;
Described compost is the product that cow dung obtains after aerobic compost processing procedure, and described aerobic compost was processedJourney is carried out in fermentation tank, and wherein, warehouse temperature is greater than 55 DEG C, and the time is greater than 72h;
Described water-loss reducer is hydroxyethylcellulose, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylamide, polyacrylic acid potassium, polypropyleneThe combination of one or more in acid ammonium.
2. multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described nitrogenFertilizer is one or more the combination in urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate.
3. multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, instituteState phosphate fertilizer and be one or more the combination in MAP, calcium superphosphate, ground phosphate rock.
4. multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described phosphorusBreeze was the ground phosphate rock of 149 μ m sieves.
5. multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described potassiumFertilizer is one or more the combination in potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium dihydrogen phosphate.
6. multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described inTrace-element fertilizer be magnesium sulfate, calcium carbonate, ammonium molybdate, boric acid, EDTA-Fe, manganese sulfate, copper sulphate,The combination of one or more in zinc sulfate.
CN201410146258.2A 2014-04-14 2014-04-14 A kind of multifunctional microbial composite organic fertilizer CN103936506B (en)

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CN106220415A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-14 上海市农业科学院 A kind of functional water-soluble fertilizer for salt affected soil improvement and application thereof
CN106380327A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-08 朱兰英 Preparation method of fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and deinsectization function
CN106396992A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-15 朱兰英 Fertilizer which is high in fertilizer efficiency and possesses disinsection effect
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CN107244985A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-13 韦卓熙 A kind of drought-resistant fertilizer
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CN107285935A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-10-24 张日龙 A kind of soilless hydroponic culture vegetables nutrient solution and preparation method thereof

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CN102584477A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-18 贾洪涛 Slowly-releasing water conservation biological organic and inorganic compound fertilizer particles and production method thereof
CN102951960A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-03-06 荆门丰收肥业有限责任公司 Organic-inorganic biological fertilizer for preserving moisture and loosening soil
CN103319239A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-25 上海泓宝绿色水产科技发展有限公司 Preparation method of active water retaining composite ecologic bacterial fertilizer

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CN1091406A (en) * 1993-02-15 1994-08-31 孙勇 Special fertilizer
CN1277948A (en) * 1999-06-18 2000-12-27 北京市绿泉科技发展有限公司 Composite bio-fertilizer and prodn. method therefor
CN101054317A (en) * 2006-04-13 2007-10-17 孙明 Process of producing plant water keeping organic fertilizer
CN102531776A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-07-04 于永波 Compound microbial fertilizer and method for producing same
CN102584477A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-18 贾洪涛 Slowly-releasing water conservation biological organic and inorganic compound fertilizer particles and production method thereof
CN102951960A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-03-06 荆门丰收肥业有限责任公司 Organic-inorganic biological fertilizer for preserving moisture and loosening soil
CN103319239A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-25 上海泓宝绿色水产科技发展有限公司 Preparation method of active water retaining composite ecologic bacterial fertilizer

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Address after: 024299 group 11, Tiexi street, Tianyi Town, Ningcheng County, Chifeng, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Patentee after: Zhao Lijuan

Address before: 266000 Qingdao Chengyang District, Shandong Province, the west section of the front journey of the Shanghai Horse Street

Patentee before: QINGDAO HAISEN BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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