CN104557259A - Preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104557259A
CN104557259A CN201410748852.9A CN201410748852A CN104557259A CN 104557259 A CN104557259 A CN 104557259A CN 201410748852 A CN201410748852 A CN 201410748852A CN 104557259 A CN104557259 A CN 104557259A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
organic fertilizer
parts
microbial organic
efficiency
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Pending
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CN201410748852.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李本明
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QINGDAO WUWEI INSULATION MATERIAL Co Ltd
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QINGDAO WUWEI INSULATION MATERIAL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410748852.9A priority Critical patent/CN104557259A/en
Publication of CN104557259A publication Critical patent/CN104557259A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps: putting chicken manure in a fermentation tank, and composting; proportionally adding the treated manure, nutrient humus soil, a microbial functional strain, an SAP water retention agent, a nitrogen fertilizer, a phosphate fertilizer, a potassium fertilizer, a secondary/trace element fertilizer and the like into a stirrer, and stirring; and sending the mixture into a drying oven, drying, grinding into powder, bagging and packaging. The fertilizer is suitable for application in the aspect of fruit/vegetable seedling planting, effectively ensures the demands of the fruit/vegetable seedling for water and fertilizers in the soil, can effectively enhance the survival rate of the seed and seedling, and has the advantages of wide sources of production raw materials, simple technique, low cost and obvious effect.

Description

A kind of preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Organic fertilizer production method, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer.
Background technology
Mostly prior art is to utilize microorganism in organic fertilizer top fermentation, obtains multi-Functional Fertilizers and then acts on field crops.And utilize the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer, prevent and treat soil-borne disease and changed through biological metabolism by the inorganic substance in soil, field, the research formed beneficial effect is played in plant growth rarely has report.In addition, no matter be southern or northern, irrigation method is all nothing more than being man-made irrigation and raining, and owing to cannot solve the preservation problem of fertilizer in soil, a large amount of fertilizer is washed away by the water of irrigating, and directly has influence on the nutrition supply of crop.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer, comprise the following steps: chicken manure is put into fermentor tank and carries out compost treatment; The compost handled well, nutrition detritus soil, microbial function bacterial classification, SAP water-holding agent, nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer and secondary and micro-element fertilizers etc. drop in agitator in proportion and stir; Above-mentioned compound is sent in baking oven, is ground into powder after oven dry, pack encapsulation.
The temperature of described fermentor tank is more than 50 DEG C, and the treatment time is 36 h.
Described oven temperature is 25 ~ 50 DEG C, and drying time is 25 ~ 55 min.
Proportioning in described microbial organic fertilizer between each raw material is: nutrition detritus soil 20 ~ 35 parts, microbial function bacterial classification 10 ~ 15 parts, 22 ~ 35 parts, compost, SAP water-holding agent 8 ~ 15 parts, 2 ~ 10 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer, 2 ~ 10 parts, phosphate fertilizer, 2 ~ 10 parts, potash fertilizer, secondary and micro-element fertilizers 2 ~ 10 parts.
Described microbial function bacterial classification be in muscardine, green muscardine fungus, Trichoderma arbitrarily two or more.
Described nitrogenous fertilizer be in urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate any one or more.
Described phosphate fertilizer is any one or two kinds in monoammonium phosphate or calcium superphosphate.
Described potash fertilizer be in potassium sulfate, Repone K, potassium primary phosphate any one or more.
Described secondary and micro-element fertilizers be in magnesium sulfate, calcium carbonate, boric acid, manganous sulfate, copper sulfate any one or more.
Preparation method's raw material sources of this high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer is extensive, cost is low, technique is simple, product is easy to use.
embodiment:
Below in conjunction with concrete case study on implementation, the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1
Nutrition detritus soil 20 kg, compost 22 kg, microbial function bacterial classification preparation 10 kg of muscardine, green muscardine fungus, muscardine, SAP water-holding agent 8 kg, urea 2 kg, monoammonium phosphate 2 kg, potassium sulfate 2 kg, magnesium sulfate 2 kg.
Arranging fermentation jar temperature is 50 DEG C, and the treatment time is 36 h.Chicken manure is put into fermentor tank and carries out Chicken Manure Compost process; The fertilizer such as microbial function bacterial classification preparation, SAP water-holding agent, urea, monoammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, magnesium sulfate of the compost handled well, muscardine, green muscardine fungus, muscardine etc. drop in agitator in proportion and stir; Arranging oven temperature is 25 DEG C, and drying time is 25 min, is sent in baking oven by above-mentioned compound, is ground into powder after oven dry, pack encapsulation.
For Strawberry Seedlings, organic content (%): 36.8, N%:1.33, P 2o 5%:1.10, K 2o%:1.31, CaO%:2.10, MgO%:0.12, Water absorption: 5, porosity (%): 66.2, plants shoot survival percent (%): 89.1 ~ 89.5.
Embodiment 2
Nutrition detritus soil 28 kg, microbial function bacterial classification preparation 10 kg of muscardine, green muscardine fungus, compost 32 kg, SAP water-holding agent 8 kg, urea 2 kg, monoammonium phosphate 2 kg, potassium sulfate 2 kg, magnesium sulfate 2 kg.
Arranging fermentation jar temperature is 60 DEG C, and the treatment time is 36 h.Chicken manure is put into fermentor tank and carries out compost treatment; The fertilizer such as microbial function bacterial classification preparation, SAP water-holding agent, urea, monoammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, magnesium sulfate of the compost handled well, muscardine, green muscardine fungus etc. drop in agitator in proportion and stir; Arranging oven temperature is 30 DEG C, and drying time is 30 min, is sent in baking oven by above-mentioned compound, is ground into powder after oven dry, pack encapsulation.
For Strawberry Seedlings, organic content (%): 36.2, N%:4.83, P 2o 5%:3.10, K 2o%:4.20, CaO%:3.80, MgO%:1.11, Water absorption: 5, porosity (%): 75.8, plants shoot survival percent (%): 90.5 ~ 91.2.
Embodiment 3
Nutrition detritus soil 30 kg, microbial function bacterial classification preparation 12 kg of muscardine, green muscardine fungus, Trichoderma, compost 38 kg, SAP water-holding agent 10 kg, ammonium sulfate 5 kg, calcium superphosphate 5kg, Repone K 5 kg, calcium carbonate 5 kg.
Arranging fermentation jar temperature is 65 DEG C, and the treatment time is 36 h.Chicken manure is put into fermentor tank and carries out compost treatment; The fertilizer such as microbial function bacterial classification preparation, SAP water-holding agent, ammonium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, Repone K, calcium carbonate of the compost handled well, muscardine, green muscardine fungus, Trichoderma etc. drop in agitator in proportion and stir; Arranging oven temperature is 35 DEG C, and drying time is 45 min, is sent in baking oven by above-mentioned compound, is ground into powder after oven dry, pack encapsulation.
For Brassica campestris L seedling, organic content (%): 35.8, N%:4.15, P 2o 5%:2.88, K 2o%:3.81, CaO%:3.20, MgO%:0.18, Water absorption: 6, porosity (%): 75.0, plants shoot survival percent (%): 85.2 ~ 90.8.
Embodiment 4
Nutrition detritus soil 35 kg, microbial function bacterial classification preparation 15 kg of muscardine, green muscardine fungus, Trichoderma, compost 40 kg, SAP water-holding agent 15 kg, ammonium nitrate 10 kg, calcium superphosphate 10 kg, potassium primary phosphate 10 kg, boric acid 5 kg, copper sulfate 3 kg, manganous sulfate 2 kg.
Arranging fermentation jar temperature is 70 DEG C, and the treatment time is 36 h.Chicken manure is put into fermentor tank and carries out compost treatment; The fertilizer such as microbial function bacterial classification preparation, SAP water-holding agent, ammonium nitrate, calcium superphosphate, potassium primary phosphate, boric acid, copper sulfate, manganous sulfate of the compost handled well, muscardine, green muscardine fungus, Trichoderma etc. drop in agitator in proportion and stir; Arranging oven temperature is 50 DEG C, and drying time is 55 min, is sent in baking oven by above-mentioned compound, is ground into powder after oven dry, pack encapsulation.
For Brassica campestris L seedling, organic content (%): 38.0, N%:4.55, P 2o 5%:3.22, K 2o%:3.02, CaO%:4.10, MgO%:0.18, Water absorption: 8, porosity (%): 77.2, plants shoot survival percent (%): 90.5 ~ 97.5.

Claims (9)

1. a preparation method for high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps: chicken manure is put into fermentor tank and carry out compost treatment; The compost handled well, nutrition detritus soil, microbial function bacterial classification, SAP water-holding agent, nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer and secondary and micro-element fertilizers etc. drop in agitator in proportion and stir; Above-mentioned compound is sent in baking oven, is ground into powder after oven dry, pack encapsulation.
2. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the temperature of described fermentor tank is more than 50 DEG C, and the treatment time is 36 h.
3. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described oven temperature is 25 ~ 50 DEG C, and drying time is 25 ~ 55 min.
4. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, proportioning in described microbial organic fertilizer between each raw material is: nutrition detritus soil 20 ~ 35 parts, microbial function bacterial classification 10 ~ 15 parts, 22 ~ 35 parts, compost, SAP water-holding agent 8 ~ 15 parts, 2 ~ 10 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer, 2 ~ 10 parts, phosphate fertilizer, 2 ~ 10 parts, potash fertilizer, secondary and micro-element fertilizers 2 ~ 10 parts.
5. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described microbial function bacterial classification be in muscardine, green muscardine fungus, Trichoderma arbitrarily two or more.
6. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described nitrogenous fertilizer be in urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate any one or more.
7. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described phosphate fertilizer is any one or two kinds in monoammonium phosphate or calcium superphosphate.
8. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described potash fertilizer be in potassium sulfate, Repone K, potassium primary phosphate any one or more.
9. the preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described secondary and micro-element fertilizers be in magnesium sulfate, calcium carbonate, boric acid, manganous sulfate, copper sulfate any one or more.
CN201410748852.9A 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 Preparation method of high-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer Pending CN104557259A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104529621A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-22 青岛佰众化工技术有限公司 Microbial compound organic fertilizer
CN105384537A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-03-09 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Perilla frutescens special-purpose composite microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105399524A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-16 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Composite bacterial manure special for platycodon grandiflorum and preparation method therefor
CN105439671A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-30 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Composite microbial bacterium fertilizer specially used for taro, and preparation method thereof
CN105481553A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-13 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Compound microorganism bacterial manure special for litsea pungens trees and preparing method thereof
CN106431727A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-02-22 广西大学 Efficient compound biomass fertilizer

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104529621A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-22 青岛佰众化工技术有限公司 Microbial compound organic fertilizer
CN105399524A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-16 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Composite bacterial manure special for platycodon grandiflorum and preparation method therefor
CN105439671A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-30 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Composite microbial bacterium fertilizer specially used for taro, and preparation method thereof
CN105481553A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-13 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Compound microorganism bacterial manure special for litsea pungens trees and preparing method thereof
CN105384537A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-03-09 济南舜祥医药科技有限公司 Perilla frutescens special-purpose composite microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106431727A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-02-22 广西大学 Efficient compound biomass fertilizer

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