CN103858582A - Peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts - Google Patents

Peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103858582A
CN103858582A CN201410103784.0A CN201410103784A CN103858582A CN 103858582 A CN103858582 A CN 103858582A CN 201410103784 A CN201410103784 A CN 201410103784A CN 103858582 A CN103858582 A CN 103858582A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
peanut
harvesting
shedding
plate frame
sieve plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410103784.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
化树利
化树峰
韩景营
卢绪豪
刘学全
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG BAILONG MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG BAILONG MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG BAILONG MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG BAILONG MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410103784.0A priority Critical patent/CN103858582A/en
Publication of CN103858582A publication Critical patent/CN103858582A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts, and belongs to the field of peanut combine harvesters. The peanut combine harvester mainly comprises a walking mechanism, a power output mechanism, a clamping and conveying mechanism, a first harvesting mechanism, a peanut extracting mechanism, a soil beating mechanism and a cleaning mechanism, wherein a dropped peanut harvesting mechanism is arranged below the front part of the clamping and conveying mechanism, and comprises a sieve plate frame, a sieve net is arranged in the sieve plate frame, the two sides of the sieve plate frame are respectively connected with a vibrating device, the vibrating device comprises a vibrating connecting rod and a rocking arm device, the top end of the vibrating connecting rod is provided with an eccentric mechanism, and the tail part of the vibrating connecting rod is connected with the sieve plate frame through the rocking arm device. Peanuts left in the soil are collected in one time through the dropped peanut harvesting mechanism, so that the yield of the peanuts reaches more than 98%, manual secondary harvesting is avoided, the labor intensity of peasants is reduced, and the phenomenon that soil is damaged by rotted dropped peanuts is avoided while waste is reduced. The peanut combine harvester is mainly applied to harvesting peanuts.

Description

Can gather in the crops the peanut combine of shedding
Technical field
The invention belongs to peanut combine field, specifically, relate in particular to a kind of peanut combine of gathering in the crops shedding.
Background technology
Peanut is a kind of more economic crops of planting in China, at present, the harvesting approach of peanut adopts peanut combine to gather in the crops more, and its results effect is always undesirable, due to peanut result and ripe asynchronism(-nization), the early peanut of ripe growth on 20%~30% hot summer days, the peanut shedding that it is aging due to carpopodium and dead seedling causes, will be embedded in when results in soil and receive not, now, need to manually utilize spade to dig and gather in the crops again one time, the large and inefficiency of its labour intensity; Finally still have most of peanut will drop in soil and rot, spoiled soil also affects the plantations of crops in the coming year.
The annual peanut cultivation area in Shandong Province is 3,000 ten thousand mu of left and right, if there are 50% use tradition peanut combine results, calculate by 450 kilograms of peanuts of average every per mu yield, Shandong Province have every year 1500 ten thousand mu × (450 × 20%) 13.5 hundred million kilograms of peanuts drop in soil, if the mode that adopts Traditional Man to dig plane is gathered in the crops this part peanut shedding, its labour intensity will be extremely huge, and results effect is bad.
Summary of the invention
Undesirable in order to solve peanut combine results effect traditional in prior art, fruit drop rate is higher, and waste is serious, still needs manually to carry out the defect of aftercrop, the invention provides a kind of peanut combine of gathering in the crops shedding.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of peanut combine of gathering in the crops shedding, comprise the running gear being formed by road wheel and chassis, be located at the power take-off mechanism that body one side is made up of engine and power output wheel, the clamping conveying mechanism being formed by clamping chain and chain-drive mechanism, the first harvesting mechanism that clamping conveying mechanism front end is made up of grain lifter, the fruit sector that clamping conveying mechanism lower rear is made up of fruit-doffing roller and its transmission device, be located at soil body that clamping chain below is made up of rocker assembly and soil-clap plate and the fruit sector bottom dressing mechanism by vibratory sieve and eccentric ratio module composition, clamping conveying mechanism lower front is provided with shedding harvesting mechanism.
Described shedding harvesting mechanism comprises sieve plate frame, in sieve plate frame, be provided with screen cloth, sieve plate frame both sides are connected with vibrating device respectively, described vibrating device involving vibrations connecting rod and rocker arrangement, vibration rod top is provided with eccentric stiffener, and vibration rod afterbody is connected with sieve plate frame by rocker arrangement.
Described rocker arrangement comprises swing arm and rocking arm, and one end of swing arm and rocking arm is connected with sieve plate frame respectively, and the other end of swing arm is connected with vibration rod afterbody, and the other end of rocking arm is connected with rocker arm support.
The front end of shedding harvesting mechanism can be provided with digger blade.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, by vibration rod and rocker arrangement cooperating, realize the vibration at high speed of sieve plate frame, to shake off to underground through screen cloth by vibration at high speed earth, peanut is stayed on screen cloth, collects together, falls through screen cloth tail end;
2, digger blade can loosen the soil to soil, so that screen cloth screens shedding better.
3, the present invention by shedding harvesting mechanism by the peanut disposable collecting of staying in soil, the utilization percent of peanut is reached more than 98%, avoid artificial aftercrop, reduce peasant's labour intensity, greatly improve the crop of peanut, when cutting the waste, avoided the phenomenon of the rotten spoiled soil of peanut shedding.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of shedding harvesting mechanism.
Eccentric stiffener in the drawings, 1; 2, vibration rod; 3, swing arm support; 4, swing arm; 5, sieve plate frame; 6, rocker arm support; 7, rocking arm; 8, digger blade; 9, perching knife; 10, screen cloth; 11, frame; 12, soil-clap plate; 13, hydraulic means; 14, power output wheel; 15, chassis; 16, eccentric ratio assembly; 17, vibratory sieve; 18, fruit-doffing roller; 19, clamping chain; 20, grain lifter.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of peanut combine of gathering in the crops shedding, comprise the running gear being formed by road wheel and chassis 15, be located at the power take-off mechanism that body one side is made up of engine and power output wheel 14, the clamping conveying mechanism being formed by clamping chain 19 and chain-drive mechanism, the first harvesting mechanism that clamping conveying mechanism front end is made up of grain lifter 20, the fruit sector that clamping conveying mechanism lower rear is made up of fruit-doffing roller 18 and its transmission device, be located at the dressing mechanism that soil body that clamping chain 19 belows are made up of rocker assembly and soil-clap plate 12 and fruit sector bottom are made up of vibratory sieve 17 and eccentric ratio assembly 16, clamping conveying mechanism lower front is provided with shedding harvesting mechanism.
As shown in Figure 2, described shedding harvesting mechanism comprises sieve plate frame 5, in sieve plate frame 5, be provided with screen cloth 10, sieve plate frame 5 both sides are connected with vibrating device respectively, described vibrating device involving vibrations connecting rod 2 and rocker arrangement, vibration rod 2 tops are provided with eccentric stiffener 1, and vibration rod 2 afterbodys are connected with sieve plate frame 5 by rocker arrangement; Described rocker arrangement comprises swing arm 4 and rocking arm 7, and one end of swing arm 4 and rocking arm 7 is connected with sieve plate frame 5 respectively, and the other end of swing arm 4 is connected with vibration rod 2 afterbodys, and the other end of rocking arm 7 is connected with rocker arm support 6; The front end of shedding harvesting mechanism is provided with digger blade 8.
In use, swing arm support 3 and rocker arm support 6 are fixedly mounted in the frame 11 of clamping conveying mechanism below in the present invention; Eccentric stiffener 1 is arranged on the axle of power output wheel 14, and hydraulic means 13 is fixed on chassis 15, and the expansion link of hydraulic means 13 is connected with frame 11.
The present invention is in the time of work, by handle control hydraulic means 13, the expansion link of hydraulic means 13 is shunk, thereby drive frame 11 to decline, shedding harvesting mechanism declines thereupon, the rear end of sieve plate frame 5 is higher than front end, grain lifter 20 is propped up peanut seedling, peanut root is dug out by digger blade 8 simultaneously, along with clamping chain 19 moves, peanut seedling is held chain 19 and clamps upwards conveying, in clamping course of conveying, pass through soil-clap plate 12, large clod and part peanut fall on shedding harvesting mechanism, peanut seedling is delivered into de-fruit between counterrotating fruit-doffing roller 18 by clamping chain 19 afterwards, peanut seedling after de-fruit is dished out, peanut enters vibratory sieve 17 and cleans, meanwhile, be trapped in the peanut in soil, along with road wheel advances, collected and enter in screen cloth 10 by perching knife 9, power output wheel 14 rotates and drives vibration rod 2 high-speed motions by eccentric stiffener 1, and vibration rod 2 is realized screen cloth 10 vibration at high speed by swing arm 4 and rocking arm 7, sandy soil are fallen to the ground after screen cloth 10, peanut is collected together through screen cloth 10, falls finally by crossing screen cloth 10 tail ends, realizes the shedding results of peanut.

Claims (4)

1. can gather in the crops the peanut combine of shedding for one kind, comprise the running gear being formed by road wheel and chassis (15), be located at the power take-off mechanism that body one side is made up of engine and power output wheel (14), the clamping conveying mechanism being formed by clamping chain (19) and chain-drive mechanism, the first harvesting mechanism that clamping conveying mechanism front end is made up of grain lifter (20), the fruit sector that clamping conveying mechanism lower rear is made up of fruit-doffing roller (18) and its transmission device, be located at the dressing mechanism that clamping chain (19) below is made up of vibratory sieve (17) and eccentric ratio assembly (16) soil body and the fruit sector bottom of rocker assembly and soil-clap plate (12) formation, it is characterized in that: clamping conveying mechanism lower front is provided with shedding harvesting mechanism.
2. the peanut combine of gathering in the crops shedding according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described shedding harvesting mechanism comprises sieve plate frame (5), in sieve plate frame (5), be provided with screen cloth (10), sieve plate frame (5) both sides are connected with vibrating device respectively, described vibrating device involving vibrations connecting rod (2) and rocker arrangement, vibration rod (2) top is provided with eccentric stiffener (1), and vibration rod (2) afterbody is connected with sieve plate frame (5) by rocker arrangement.
3. the peanut combine of gathering in the crops shedding according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described rocker arrangement comprises swing arm (4) and rocking arm (7), one end of swing arm (4) and rocking arm (7) is connected with sieve plate frame (5) respectively, the other end of swing arm (4) is connected with vibration rod (2) afterbody, and the other end of rocking arm (7) is connected with rocker arm support (6).
4. according to the peanut combine of the gathered in the crops shedding described in any one in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: the front end of shedding harvesting mechanism is provided with digger blade (8).
CN201410103784.0A 2014-03-19 2014-03-19 Peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts Pending CN103858582A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410103784.0A CN103858582A (en) 2014-03-19 2014-03-19 Peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410103784.0A CN103858582A (en) 2014-03-19 2014-03-19 Peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103858582A true CN103858582A (en) 2014-06-18

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Family Applications (1)

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CN (1) CN103858582A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409425A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-03-23 付茂华 Demountable type peanut combined harvester
CN106818020A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-06-13 临沭县东泰机械有限公司 A kind of shedding Fu Shou mechanisms and peanut combine
CN106818021A (en) * 2017-02-20 2017-06-13 临沭县东泰机械有限公司 Peanut combine
CN107711089A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-02-23 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 A kind of seedling fruit separation device for harvester for peanut

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100288132B1 (en) * 1998-05-19 2001-05-02 유환덕 Peanut harvester having cleaning system
CN101297613A (en) * 2008-07-03 2008-11-05 青岛农业大学 Combine for harvesting peanut
CN201345823Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-11-18 张庆河 Novel peanut harvesting machine
CN101960945A (en) * 2009-07-21 2011-02-02 青岛弘盛汽车配件有限公司 Peanut combine
CN102792824A (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-11-28 青岛弘盛机电科技有限公司 Multifunctional peanut and maize harvester
CN203788713U (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-08-27 山东白龙机械有限公司 Peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100288132B1 (en) * 1998-05-19 2001-05-02 유환덕 Peanut harvester having cleaning system
CN101297613A (en) * 2008-07-03 2008-11-05 青岛农业大学 Combine for harvesting peanut
CN201345823Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-11-18 张庆河 Novel peanut harvesting machine
CN101960945A (en) * 2009-07-21 2011-02-02 青岛弘盛汽车配件有限公司 Peanut combine
CN102792824A (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-11-28 青岛弘盛机电科技有限公司 Multifunctional peanut and maize harvester
CN203788713U (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-08-27 山东白龙机械有限公司 Peanut combine harvester capable of harvesting dropped peanuts

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409425A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-03-23 付茂华 Demountable type peanut combined harvester
CN106818020A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-06-13 临沭县东泰机械有限公司 A kind of shedding Fu Shou mechanisms and peanut combine
CN106818020B (en) * 2017-02-14 2019-05-28 临沭县东泰机械有限公司 A kind of shedding Fu Shou mechanism and peanut combine
CN106818021A (en) * 2017-02-20 2017-06-13 临沭县东泰机械有限公司 Peanut combine
CN107711089A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-02-23 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 A kind of seedling fruit separation device for harvester for peanut

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Application publication date: 20140618

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