CN104782311A - Peanut harvesting device - Google Patents

Peanut harvesting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104782311A
CN104782311A CN201410024410.XA CN201410024410A CN104782311A CN 104782311 A CN104782311 A CN 104782311A CN 201410024410 A CN201410024410 A CN 201410024410A CN 104782311 A CN104782311 A CN 104782311A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
output shaft
peanut
plough
vibratory sieve
harvesting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410024410.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊坤声
Original Assignee
樊坤声
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 樊坤声 filed Critical 樊坤声
Priority to CN201410024410.XA priority Critical patent/CN104782311A/en
Publication of CN104782311A publication Critical patent/CN104782311A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a peanut harvesting device. The peanut harvesting device comprises a vibrating screen, and a harvesting knife row is arranged at the front end of the vibrating screen. A speed changing box is arranged above the front of a rack, a front output shaft and a rear output shaft which have opposite rotating directions are arranged on the speed changing box in parallel, two soil extruding ploughs moving oppositely are arranged in front of the vibrating screen, and the soil extruding ploughs are connected with the front output shaft through connecting rods. A vibration crossbeam is arranged below the front portion of the vibrating screen, and the two ends of the vibration crossbeam are connected with the two ends of the rear output shaft through crank-connecting rod mechanisms respectively. Eccentric vibration wheels are arranged on the two sides of the rear portion of the vibrating screen, and a transmission rod is arranged between a transmission shaft of each eccentric vibration wheel and the rear output shaft. The peanut harvesting device is simple in structure, convenient to use, unlikely to be entangled with peanut plants during harvesting, and unlikely to damage peanuts, soil is shaken off completely, peanuts will not be left in soil, the labor intensity of farmers is relieved, and work efficiency is improved.

Description

Harvesting peanut device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of crop harvester, particularly a kind of harvesting peanut device.
Background technology
Peanut is a kind ofly plant many economical crops in China, and traditional harvesting approach adopts artificial results, the large and inefficiency of its labour intensity.And adopt the mode of mechanical harvest, most of reaping machine complex structure, easily snarled by peanut plant during results, very easily damage fruit again, and existence trembles soil only simultaneously, gather in the crops totally, easily peanut stayed the medium shortcoming of soil, affect the crop of peanut, and cause waste.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of harvesting peanut device reasonable in design, easy to use.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is realized by following technical scheme, and a kind of harvesting peanut device, is characterized in: comprise frame, is provided with vibratory sieve in the bottom of frame, and the front end of vibratory sieve is provided with results blade row; The gearbox connected with the power take-off of tractor is provided with in the front upper place of frame, parallelly on gearbox be provided with the contrary front output shaft of two rotation directions and rear output shaft, the front machine frame at two sides of vibratory sieve is provided with the soil compaction plough of two move toward one another, soil compaction plough is provided with the vertical rotating shaft arranged, rotating shaft upper end is connected with coaxial connecting rod arranged with it, and small end is connected with front output shaft by gear drive; The lower front of vibratory sieve is provided with vibration crossbeam, and vibration crossbeam contacts with the bottom surface of vibratory sieve, and the two ends of vibration crossbeam connect with the two ends of rear output shaft respectively by toggle; The both sides, rear portion of vibratory sieve are provided with eccentric vibrating wheel, eccentric vibrating wheel is provided with the power transmission shaft parallel with rear output shaft, be provided with drive link between power transmission shaft and rear output shaft, between the lower end of drive link and power transmission shaft, between the upper end of drive link and rear output shaft, be equipped with bevel gear transmission mechanism.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also be realized further by following technical scheme, and described vibratory sieve is provided with sieve plate frame, is provided with screen cloth in sieve plate frame, is provided with the collecting box be connected with sieve plate frame below screen cloth tail end.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also be realized further by following technical scheme, and the mesh of described screen cloth diminishes gradually by after forward direction.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also be realized further by following technical scheme, and described screen surface is provided with some rearward setting and prevents the proal pawl of peanut, and the angle between pawl and screen cloth is 20-30 °.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also be realized further by following technical scheme, and described soil compaction plough comprises plough body, and the front end of plough body is connected with plough point.
After the peanut ridge back of the body is squeezed pine by soil compaction plough by the present invention, then scoop up on vibratory sieve with results blade row by peanut plant, shaker vibration makes peanut drop in collecting box from screen cloth, and peanut plant falls from screen cloth tail end.The drive mechanism of its shaker vibration is simple, easy to use, be not easy to be wound around by peanut plant, compared with prior art, its structure is simple, easy to use, be not easy during results to be snarled by peanut plant, simultaneously not fragile fruit again, and have that to tremble soil unclean, can not peanut be stayed in soil, reduce the labour intensity of peasant, improve operating efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, further describe concrete technical scheme of the present invention, so that those skilled in the art understands the present invention further, and do not form the restriction to its right.
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of harvesting peanut device, comprises frame, is provided with vibratory sieve 1 in the bottom of frame, and the front end of vibratory sieve 1 is provided with results blade row 2; The gearbox 6 connected with the power take-off of tractor is provided with in the front upper place of frame, parallelly on gearbox 6 be provided with the contrary front output shaft 5 of two rotation directions and rear output shaft 7, the front machine frame at two sides of vibratory sieve 1 is provided with the soil compaction plough 3 of two move toward one another, described soil compaction plough 3 comprises plough body, the front end of plough body is connected with plough point, plough point is movably connected on plough body, when running into the resistance exceeding self load like this, plough point can be made to be cushioned, have again, be so just not easy to make soil compaction plough 3 and damaged.Soil compaction plough 3 is provided with the vertical rotating shaft arranged, and rotating shaft upper end is connected with coaxial connecting rod 4 arranged with it, and connecting rod 4 upper end is connected with front output shaft 5 by gear drive.Described connecting rod 4 is shrinking connecting-rod, when using soil compaction to plough 3, according to the height of the good soil compaction plough 3 of the width adjustment of the peanut ridge back of the body, make soil compaction plough 3 and be positioned at the root that peanut ridge carries on the back both sides, by tractor motive power output shaft by power transmission to gearbox 6, exported by front output shaft 5, the axle of front output shaft 5 is moved the rotation becoming vertical link 4 by gear drive, thus drive two soil compactions to plough 3 move toward one another and inwardly extrude, promote backward, squeeze the soil of the loose peanut ridge back of the body, ridge is carried on the back short, solid, the peanut ridge back of the body block in one ridge back of the body after extruding uprises, the loose one-tenth graininess of soil property.
The lower front of vibratory sieve 1 is provided with vibration crossbeam 9, vibration crossbeam 9 contacts with the bottom surface of vibratory sieve 1, the two ends of vibration crossbeam 9 connect respectively by the two ends of toggle 8 with rear output shaft 7, and the diameter of crank is less than the diameter of rear output shaft 7, and bias is located on rear output shaft 7; The both sides, rear portion of vibratory sieve 1 are provided with eccentric vibrating wheel 11, on eccentric vibrating wheel 11, bias is provided with the connecting axle connected with vibratory sieve 1, eccentric vibrating wheel 11 is provided with the power transmission shaft parallel with rear output shaft 7, be provided with drive link 10 between power transmission shaft and rear output shaft 7, between the lower end of drive link 10 and power transmission shaft, between the upper end of drive link 10 and rear output shaft 7, be equipped with bevel gear transmission mechanism.Eccentric vibrating wheel 11 is identical with the vibration frequency of vibration crossbeam 9.Use drive link 10 not use chain structure that peanut plant can be prevented to be entangled on chain, make chain can not transmission.Described drive link 10 and crank connecting link can be all expansion link.
Gearbox 6 is by power transmission to rear output shaft 7, and the toggle 8 connected with rear output shaft 7 drives and vibrates crossbeam 9 and move up and down, thus makes vibration crossbeam 9 drive vibratory sieve 1 to move up and down.Meanwhile, rear output shaft 7 is by bevel gear transmission mechanism and drive link 10, and by power transmission to eccentric vibrating wheel 11, eccentric vibrating wheel 11 rotarily drives vibratory sieve 1 and does forward beating upwards backward.
Described vibratory sieve 1 is provided with sieve plate frame, is provided with screen cloth in sieve plate frame, is provided with the collecting box 12 be connected with sieve plate frame below screen cloth tail end.The mesh of described screen cloth diminishes gradually by after forward direction.The mesh of screen cloth front portion is large, and soil can only be made to fall peanut can not be made to fall, the mesh at screen cloth rear portion is little, and peanut can be made to fall, and just in time falls into the collecting box 12 below screen cloth.
Described screen surface is covered with some rearward setting and prevents the proal pawl of peanut, the angle between pawl and screen cloth is 20-30 °.Pawl can left or right side be obliquely installed, the direction of motion according to sieve plate is determined.
Tractor travels forward and just makes results blade row 2 be scooped up by peanut plant, push away on rearward vibratory sieve 1 simultaneously, the power that vibratory sieve 1 is exported by rear output shaft 7, makes eccentric vibrating take turns 11 and drives vibratory sieve 1 to make front-rear reciprocation movement, the sieve aperture of earth on screen cloth is fallen.Peanut plant moves from front to back due to the effect of power, finally in a row falls on the ground.Peanut falls into the collecting box below screen cloth tail end after vibration comes off.
The present invention can also change soil compaction plough 3 or vibratory sieve 1, namely can complete the opening of other underground stem tuber crops such as potato, taro, Ipomoea batatas and be incorporated as industry.Improve operating efficiency, really realize a tractor serves several purposes, playing very positive role for reducing farmer's burdens simultaneously.

Claims (5)

1. a harvesting peanut device, is characterized in that: comprise frame, is provided with vibratory sieve in the bottom of frame, and the front end of vibratory sieve is provided with results blade row; The gearbox connected with the power take-off of tractor is provided with in the front upper place of frame, parallelly on gearbox be provided with the contrary front output shaft of two rotation directions and rear output shaft, the front machine frame at two sides of vibratory sieve is provided with the soil compaction plough of two move toward one another, soil compaction plough is provided with the vertical rotating shaft arranged, rotating shaft upper end is connected with coaxial connecting rod arranged with it, and small end is connected with front output shaft by gear drive; The lower front of vibratory sieve is provided with vibration crossbeam, and vibration crossbeam contacts with the bottom surface of vibratory sieve, and the two ends of vibration crossbeam connect with the two ends of rear output shaft respectively by toggle; The both sides, rear portion of vibratory sieve are provided with eccentric vibrating wheel, eccentric vibrating wheel is provided with the power transmission shaft parallel with rear output shaft, be provided with drive link between power transmission shaft and rear output shaft, between the lower end of drive link and power transmission shaft, between the upper end of drive link and rear output shaft, be equipped with bevel gear transmission mechanism.
2. harvesting peanut device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve is provided with sieve plate frame, is provided with screen cloth in sieve plate frame, is provided with the collecting box be connected with sieve plate frame below screen cloth tail end.
3. harvesting peanut device according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the mesh of described screen cloth diminishes gradually by after forward direction.
4. harvesting peanut device according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described screen surface is provided with some rearward setting and prevents the proal pawl of peanut, and the angle between pawl and screen cloth is 20-30 °.
5. harvesting peanut device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described soil compaction plough comprises plough body, and the front end of plough body is connected with plough point.
CN201410024410.XA 2014-01-20 2014-01-20 Peanut harvesting device Pending CN104782311A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410024410.XA CN104782311A (en) 2014-01-20 2014-01-20 Peanut harvesting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410024410.XA CN104782311A (en) 2014-01-20 2014-01-20 Peanut harvesting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104782311A true CN104782311A (en) 2015-07-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410024410.XA Pending CN104782311A (en) 2014-01-20 2014-01-20 Peanut harvesting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104782311A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123078A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 荣成市佳鑫农业机械有限公司 Peanut harvesting machine
CN106068883A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 福建农林大学 A kind of harvester for peanut with Self-balancing and method of work thereof
CN106068876A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 福建农林大学 There is Radix Pseudostellariae harvesting apparatus and the method for three grades of bolters
CN106068881A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 福建农林大学 A kind of Semen arachidis hypogaeae excavating gear based on anti-parallelogram mechanism and using method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2048640A (en) * 1979-05-23 1980-12-17 Troester A J Gmbh Co Kg Multi-row potato harvester
CN201097496Y (en) * 2007-06-29 2008-08-13 赵建 Harvester for peanut
CN202014461U (en) * 2010-10-16 2011-10-26 朱崇央 Oscillating screen separating screening mechanism
CN202085479U (en) * 2011-04-27 2011-12-28 樊坤声 Peanut harvesting machine
CN203675615U (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-07-02 樊坤声 Peanut harvesting device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2048640A (en) * 1979-05-23 1980-12-17 Troester A J Gmbh Co Kg Multi-row potato harvester
CN201097496Y (en) * 2007-06-29 2008-08-13 赵建 Harvester for peanut
CN202014461U (en) * 2010-10-16 2011-10-26 朱崇央 Oscillating screen separating screening mechanism
CN202085479U (en) * 2011-04-27 2011-12-28 樊坤声 Peanut harvesting machine
CN203675615U (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-07-02 樊坤声 Peanut harvesting device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123078A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 荣成市佳鑫农业机械有限公司 Peanut harvesting machine
CN106068883A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 福建农林大学 A kind of harvester for peanut with Self-balancing and method of work thereof
CN106068876A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 福建农林大学 There is Radix Pseudostellariae harvesting apparatus and the method for three grades of bolters
CN106068881A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 福建农林大学 A kind of Semen arachidis hypogaeae excavating gear based on anti-parallelogram mechanism and using method thereof
CN106068876B (en) * 2016-08-11 2019-05-24 福建农林大学 Radix pseudostellariae harvesting apparatus and method with three-level bolter

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Application publication date: 20150722