CN103754539A - Rubbish container changing device in rubbish transfer station - Google Patents

Rubbish container changing device in rubbish transfer station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103754539A
CN103754539A CN201410038517.XA CN201410038517A CN103754539A CN 103754539 A CN103754539 A CN 103754539A CN 201410038517 A CN201410038517 A CN 201410038517A CN 103754539 A CN103754539 A CN 103754539A
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China
Prior art keywords
case
platform
container
garbage container
garbage
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CN201410038517.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103754539B (en
Inventor
彭佳
段勇
张向杰
孙东
洪贤
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Chongqing Endurance & Shinmaywa Industrial Co Ltd
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Chongqing Endurance & Shinmaywa Industrial Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410038517.XA priority Critical patent/CN103754539B/en
Publication of CN103754539A publication Critical patent/CN103754539A/en
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Publication of CN103754539B publication Critical patent/CN103754539B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a rubbish container changing device in a rubbish transfer station. The rubbish container changing device comprises a container changing platform and a guide rail. The two ends of a left longitudinal beam and the two ends of a right longitudinal beam of the container changing platform are supported by the guide rail through walking wheels respectively, the container changing platform is provided with a driving device for the walking wheels, a push-and-pull oil cylinder is installed on the container changing platform and is parallel to the longitudinal beams of the container changing platform, a piston rod of the push-and-pull oil cylinder extends towards the inlet-and-outlet end of the container changing platform and is provided with a container hooking oil cylinder, a piston rod of the container hooking oil cylinder extends upwards, and the extending end of the piston rod of the container hooking oil cylinder is provided with a locking part of a rubbish container. The rubbish container changing device further comprises an induction track. The container changing platform is provided with an induction head corresponding to the induction track, the induction head is used for detecting the position of the container changing platform, and the inlet-and-outlet end of the container changing platform is provided with a weighing sensor used for recognizing the weight of the rubbish container. The rubbish container changing device is small in floor space, high in efficiency and low in energy consumption, and a rubbish compression device can operate continuously.

Description

The garbage container of garbage transfer station changes case apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to garbage transfer station field, the garbage container that particularly relates to a kind of garbage transfer station changes case apparatus.
Background technology
Along with the enhancing of people's environmental consciousness, the quantity of garbage transfer station is more and more in recent years, its effect is to collect the scattered rubbish of coming from resident, unit, business and public place etc., be transported to come here and concentrate, and by special refuse compaction equipment, scattered garbage-compressing is subtracted after appearance, pack in special freight container, by carrier vehicle, deliver to rubbish and finally process (as landfill, burning, a compost etc.).In this process, the time that single garbage container loads is very short, and the time of transhipment garbage container is longer, for guaranteeing gas booster compressor, can continuously work, just need a set of equipment to complete after the loading of freight container, fully loaded freight container is removed, by unloaded freight container be placed on compressor joint, complete next time garbage-compressing vanning.The existing case equipment that changes generally can only be placed two freight containers, and a set of gas booster compressor and is bought or get by illegal means case coordinative composition of equipments and used.The problem existing in actual use procedure is as follows:
1. in large and medium-sized garbage transfer station, the single container loading time is generally no more than 20 minutes, and the turnaround time of vehicle transhipment garbage container generally about two hours, the case equipment that changes that can only place two freight containers can not guarantee the continuous operation of gas booster compressor far away;
2. large and medium-sized garbage transfer station gas booster compressor quantity is generally 2~5 covers, and supporting to change case number of devices also identical, and its floor area is large, efficiency is low, energy consumption is high;
3. can not be applicable to underground type garbage station, change on case platform and do not configure push-pull mechanism, can not realize the function that freight container is released, retracted.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of garbage container of garbage transfer station to change case apparatus, it is short that this garbage container changes the case apparatus transhipment time, can use by supporting many refuse compaction equipments, floor area is little, efficiency is high, energy consumption is low, guarantee the continuous operation of refuse compaction equipment, be applicable to various garbage transfer station.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of garbage container of garbage transfer station changes case apparatus, what be included as rectangular frame structure changes case platform, two guide rails that are parallel to each other, and electrical control cabinet, the described case platform left side of changing, the two ends of right vertical beam are supported in corresponding guide rail by road wheel respectively, change the actuating device that road wheel is set on case platform, actuating device is connected with electrical control cabinet, change on case platform push cylinder is installed, described push cylinder is parallel to the longeron that changes case platform, the piston rod of push cylinder extends to the entrance end that changes case platform, the elongated end hold-down hook case oil cylinder of push cylinder piston rod, the piston rod of hook case oil cylinder upwards extends, the elongated end of hook case cylinder piston rod is installed the locking piece for fixing garbage container, also comprise an induction track, described induction track is parallel to guide rail, change that inductive head is set on case platform is corresponding with induction track, inductive head is connected with electrical control cabinet, for detection of the position of changing case platform, at least one longeron that changes case platform is provided with the LOAD CELLS of the weight for identifying garbage container, LOAD CELLS is connected with electrical control cabinet by pressure transformer.
Described LOAD CELLS is bolted on changes in the mounting seat that case platform longeron is provided with, and the upper end of LOAD CELLS is bolted the loading plate that is useful on carrying garbage container.
The quantity of described LOAD CELLS is two, and two LOAD CELLS are arranged on respectively on two longerons that change case platform, is respectively equipped with the groove for the roller location to garbage container on each loading plate.
Described inductive head is magnetic pickup device, described induction track is magnetic scale, and described inductive head is located on an erecting frame, and the forward and backward two ends of erecting frame are supported in induction track by guide wheel respectively, inductive head between the guide wheel at erecting frame two ends, the upper end of erecting frame with change case platform and be connected.
Described erecting frame, change and between case platform, be provided with the link span, the body cradle that are hinged, the upper end of link span with change case platform and be connected, lower end and the erecting frame of body cradle are hinged.
The described left and right sides of changing case platform is respectively equipped with limit switch, and each limit switch is connected with electrical control cabinet respectively, and it is corresponding with limit switch that the front and back of guide rail are respectively equipped with positive stop.
The cross-sectional plane of described guide rail is I shape, the both sides of guide rail are respectively equipped with the rail pressing device for fixed guide, the described case platform that changes adopts I-beam section to be welded to form, change on left and right two longerons of case platform and be respectively equipped with a backing plate rolling for garbage container roller, the inner side of two backing plates is fixed with respectively for the positive stop strip spacing to garbage container roller.
Described actuating device is mainly formed by connecting by variable-frequency motor, retarder, described variable-frequency motor is connected with electrical control cabinet, described road wheel is connected with retarder, the both sides of each road wheel are respectively equipped with position-limited wheel, position-limited wheel is rotatably supported in and changes case platform, and the lower end of position-limited wheel is lower than the lower end of road wheel.
The piston rod of described push cylinder is provided with extrusome, the lower end of extrusome arranges support roller, the cylinder body of described hook case oil cylinder is fixed on this extrusome, extrusome is provided with the sensor for detection of extrusome position, and described locking piece is provided with the travel switch for contacting with garbage container.
Owing to having adopted such scheme, changing case platform is rectangular frame structure, and intensity is high, and load-carrying capacity is strong, and quality is little, is convenient to drive.Two guide rails that are parallel to each other, change case platform for supporting, and exchange case platform carries out guided in translation.The two ends of changing the left and right longeron of case platform are supported in corresponding guide rail by road wheel respectively, change the actuating device that road wheel is set on case platform, actuating device is connected with electrical control cabinet, and actuating device ground-engaging wheel rotates, and then the translation on guide rail of case platform is changed in driving.Change on case platform push cylinder is installed, push cylinder is parallel to the longeron that changes case platform, the piston rod of push cylinder extends to the entrance end that changes case platform, the elongated end hold-down hook case oil cylinder of push cylinder piston rod, the piston rod of hook case oil cylinder upwards extends, the elongated end of hook case cylinder piston rod is installed the locking piece for fixing garbage container, push cylinder drives hook case oil cylinder to realize and releases, retracts action, drag hook oil cylinder drives locking piece to realize up-and-down movement, to fix or to depart from garbage container.Induction track is parallel to guide rail, change that inductive head is set on case platform is corresponding with induction track, inductive head is connected with electrical control cabinet, in translation process, inductive head coordinates with induction track, after translation puts in place, inductive head sends impulse singla to the control unit in electrical control cabinet, thereby reaches pinpoint effect.At least one longeron that changes case platform is provided with the LOAD CELLS of the weight for identifying garbage container, LOAD CELLS is connected with electrical control cabinet by pressure transformer, LOAD CELLS is used for three kinds of states of garbage container on Identification platform: without garbage container, unloaded garbage container, fully loaded garbage container, and the signal of identification is sent to control unit, then select whether by translation, transport garbage container.Control unit is set in electrical control cabinet, and guidance panel, for handling, originally change case apparatus, realize the function of originally changing case apparatus.It is short that this garbage container changes the case apparatus transhipment time, guarantees the continuous operation of refuse compaction equipment, and floor area is little, efficiency is high, energy consumption is low, and is applicable to underground type garbage station.
LOAD CELLS is bolted on changes in the mounting seat that case platform longeron is provided with; the upper end of LOAD CELLS is bolted the loading plate that is useful on carrying garbage container; loading plate can be protected LOAD CELLS, and is convenient to change, and makes the longer service life of LOAD CELLS.Loading plate is provided with the groove for the roller location to garbage container, prevents from that garbage container from exiting automatically to change case platform.The quantity of LOAD CELLS is two, and two LOAD CELLS are arranged on respectively on two longerons that change case platform, and stability is better, and, even if a LOAD CELLS is damaged, still can guarantee garbage container to weigh, can not cause equipment package to be stopped work.
Inductive head is magnetic pickup device, induction track is magnetic scale, magnetic pickup device and magnetic scale induction during translation walking process, constantly to control unit, send impulse singla, control unit is converted into impulse singla the distance of platform movement, thereby reach pinpoint effect, its positioning precision can reach grade.Inductive head is located on an erecting frame, and the forward and backward two ends of erecting frame are supported in induction track by guide wheel respectively, and inductive head, between the guide wheel at erecting frame two ends, is protected inductive head, and can prevent that inductive head from contacting and producing wearing and tearing with induction track.
The left and right sides of changing case platform is respectively equipped with limit switch, and limit switch is connected with electrical control cabinet, and it is corresponding with limit switch that the front and back of guide rail are respectively equipped with positive stop.Changing in the normal translation process of case platform, limit switch is inoperative, by translating device, guaranteed the docking location of left and right translation, when translating device et out of order or other, failing to make to change case platform normally stops and moving in the situation of guide rail termination, limit switch sends danger signal after contacting with the positive stop arranging on ground, guarantees that changing case platform can not move to beyond track.
The cross-sectional plane of guide rail is I shape, and intensity is high, and load-carrying capacity is strong, saves material.The welding of the bottom surface of guide rail and built-in fitting, the rail pressing device of guide rail both sides further compresses the base plate of guide rail, prevents looseningly, causes derailing.The described case platform that changes adopts I-beam section to be welded to form, and intensity is high, and load-carrying capacity is strong, saves material.Change on two longerons of case platform and be respectively equipped with a backing plate rolling for garbage container roller, to support garbage container, and be convenient to change, the inner side of two backing plates is fixed with respectively for the positive stop strip spacing to garbage container roller.Garbage container roller rolls on backing plate surface, and is led by positive stop strip, guarantees the directivity in garbage container rolling process, prevents that it from departing from backing plate.
Described actuating device is mainly formed by connecting by variable-frequency motor, retarder, and described variable-frequency motor is connected with electrical control cabinet, and described road wheel is connected with retarder, setting range is large, and precision is high, starting is steady, stopping distance is little, and moving velocity can regulate as required.The both sides of each road wheel are respectively equipped with position-limited wheel, and position-limited wheel is rotatably supported in and changes case platform, and the lower end of position-limited wheel is lower than the lower end of road wheel, the periphery of position-limited wheel can with guide rail contact preventing road wheel getaway, during long distance walking, the side-play amount of road wheel is less, not fragile.
The piston rod of push cylinder is provided with extrusome, and the lower end of extrusome arranges support roller, to support extrusome, guarantees that the piston rod of push cylinder is parallel to cylinder body, prevents from damaging push cylinder.The cylinder body of hook case oil cylinder is fixed on this extrusome, extrusome is provided with the sensor for detection of extrusome position, to detect, whether extrusome is flexible puts in place, locking piece is provided with the travel switch for contacting with garbage container, when locking piece pins garbage container, travel switch is opened, and makes locking piece keep the state of locking garbage container.
This garbage container changes case apparatus, compact conformation, and connection and reasonable arrangement, is convenient to each movable parts to maintain; Translation distance is long, registration, and separate unit garbage container changes case apparatus and can use by supporting many cover refuse compaction equipments, reduces equipment investment, good economy performance; Change integrated electrical control and hydraulic power system on case platform, degree of automation is high, solved under long distance moving, and the trouble that hydraulic tubing need adopt drag chain to drive, reliability is high; Can use by supporting many refuse compaction equipments, increase work efficiency, reduce labour intensity; Be not only applicable to ground refuse transhipment station and use, can also be used for underground type garbage transhipment station, can directly freight container be moved on lifting mechanism.Each movable parts, all with sensor, completes translation, draws case operation only to need one-key operation, greatly reduces labor intensity of operating staff, increases work efficiency, and degree of automation is high.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing at P place in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing at Q place in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the scheme of installation of induction track, inductive head;
Fig. 5 is the schematic side view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing at R place in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is the A-A cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the B-B cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 8;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of push-pull mechanism;
Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of Figure 11.
In accompanying drawing, 1 for changing case platform, 1a is left longeron, 1b is right vertical beam, 2 is guide rail, 3 is electrical control cabinet, 4 is road wheel, 5 is actuating device, 5a is variable-frequency motor, 5b is retarder, 6 is push cylinder, 7 is hook case oil cylinder, 8 is locking piece, 9 is garbage container, 10 is induction track, 11 is inductive head, 12 is LOAD CELLS, 13 is mounting seat, 14 is loading plate, 15 is groove, 16 is erecting frame, 18 is link span, 19 is body cradle, 20 is limit switch, 21 is positive stop, 22 is rail pressing device, 23 is backing plate, 24 is positive stop strip, 25 is guide wheel, 26 is position-limited wheel, 27 is extrusome, 28 is support roller, 29 is sensor, 30 is travel switch.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1~Figure 12, for the garbage container of garbage transfer station changes a kind of embodiment of case apparatus, what be included as rectangular frame structure changes case platform 1, two guide rails 2 that are parallel to each other, and 3, two guide rail parallels of electrical control cabinet are arranged at ground, in the present embodiment, the length of guide rail is 50 meters, guarantees to change the translation distance of case platform.The cross-sectional plane of described guide rail 2 is I shape, and the both sides of guide rail 2 are respectively equipped with the rail pressing device 22 for fixed guide 2, the built-in fitting welding that the bottom surface of guide rail and ground are provided with, and rail pressing device further compresses the base plate of guide rail, and stressed effect is good, more firm.In the present embodiment, rail pressing device and built-in fitting adopt bolt to fix, and guide rail is compressed, and the height of rail pressing device regulates with the pad being provided with between built-in fitting and rail pressing device.Guide rail coordinates with translating device, as motion guide and the motion of changing case platform, supports.
The described two ends of changing the left and right longeron 1a of case platform 1,1b are supported in corresponding guide rail 2 by road wheel 4 respectively, road wheel need to carry change case platform self and fully loaded after all wt of garbage container, its material of selecting is spheroidal graphite iron, the surface processing of quenching, and load-carrying capacity is strong.Also comprise translation registration device, change the actuating device 5 that road wheel 4 is set on case platform 1, actuating device 5 is connected with electrical control cabinet 3, change push cylinder 6 is installed on case platform 1, described push cylinder 6 is parallel to the longeron that changes case platform 1, the piston rod of push cylinder 6 extends to the entrance end that changes case platform 1, the elongated end hold-down hook case oil cylinder 7 of push cylinder 6 piston rods, the piston rod of hook case oil cylinder 7 upwards extends, the elongated end of hook case oil cylinder 7 piston rods is installed the locking piece 8 for fixing garbage container 9, forms push-pull mechanism.In the present embodiment, described push cylinder is positioned at the midway location of two longerons, guarantees push cylinder stress equalization, and oil cylinder is not fragile.Described locking piece takes the shape of the letter U, locking piece under the driving of push cylinder, move forward to fixed link that garbage container correspondence is provided with below, under the driving of hook case oil cylinder, move up again, block fixed link, and then locking garbage container, certainly locking piece can be also bar-shaped or other shapes, and rubbish freight container correspondence arranges hold down groove etc.
Further, the piston rod of described push cylinder 6 is provided with extrusome 27, the lower end of extrusome 27 arranges support roller 28, the cylinder body of described hook case oil cylinder 7 is fixed on this extrusome 27, extrusome 27 is provided with the sensor 29 for detection of extrusome 27 positions, in the present embodiment, this sensor is approach switch.Described locking piece 8 is provided with the travel switch 30 for contacting with garbage container 9, and the roller of travel switch, higher than the upper end of locking piece, guarantees that locking piece moves into place, and accurately locks garbage container.In the present embodiment, described extrusome is sleeve-shaped, and extrusome is enclosed within push cylinder, and the length of extrusome is more than or equal to the length of the piston rod of push cylinder, to protect the piston rod of push cylinder.Cylinder body and the extrusome of hook case oil cylinder are bolted to connection.
Further, at least one longeron that changes case platform 1 is provided with the LOAD CELLS 12 of the weight for identifying garbage container 9, and LOAD CELLS 12 is connected with electrical control cabinet 3 by pressure transformer.Described LOAD CELLS 12 is bolted on changes in the mounting seat 13 that case platform 1 longeron is provided with, the upper end of LOAD CELLS 12 is bolted the loading plate 14 that is useful on carrying garbage container 9, loading plate 14 is provided with the groove 15 for the roller location to garbage container 9, the upper surface of loading plate is lower than the upper surface of longeron, prevents that garbage container from moving changing on case platform.The quantity of described LOAD CELLS 12 is two, and two LOAD CELLS 12 are arranged on respectively on two longerons that change case platform 1.During this has been implemented, two LOAD CELLS are arranged on respectively the entrance end of two longerons, answer with the pair of rollers of garbage container.Two LOAD CELLS can Identification platform on three kinds of states of garbage container: without garbage container, unloaded garbage container, fully loaded garbage container, and the signal of identification is sent to control unit.
Further, also comprise an induction track 10, described induction track is arranged on the ground of changing case platform longeron below, and in the present embodiment, induction ruler track lower end is provided with mounting bracket, and mounting bracket is bolted on the built-in fitting that ground is provided with.Described induction track 10 is parallel to guide rail 2, and the length of induction track equals the length of guide rail.Change that inductive head 11 is set on case platform 1 is corresponding with induction track 10, inductive head 11 is connected with electrical control cabinet 3, for detection of the position of changing case platform 1, further, described inductive head 11 is magnetic pickup device 29, and described induction track 10 is magnetic scale, magnetic scale is according to translation needs, every one section of fixed range, magnetic induction district is set, inductive head is by induced magnetism induction zone identification translation distance, and precision is higher.Described inductive head 11 is located on an erecting frame 16, and the forward and backward two ends of erecting frame 16 are supported in induction track 10 by guide wheel 25 respectively, inductive head 11 between the guide wheel 25 at erecting frame 16 two ends, the upper end of erecting frame 16 with change case platform 1 and be connected.Further, described erecting frame 16, change between case platform 1 and be provided with the link span 18, the body cradle 19 that are hinged, the upper end of link span 18 is fixedly connected with changing case platform 1, and the lower end of body cradle 19 and erecting frame 16 are hinged.In the present embodiment, link span is two pipe links, the lower end of the bolt of two pipe links is fixed together, upper end respectively with change case platform bolt and fix, body cradle, the cross-sectional plane of erecting frame all takes the shape of the letter U, opening and the link span of body cradle upper end are hinged, body cradle can be swung, it is hinged that the lower end of body cradle arranges the upper end of two jointed shafts and erecting frame, the rotatable guide wheel that is provided with circular groove that supports of lower ending opening of erecting frame, make the erecting frame can swing, thereby make the erecting frame can automatic position adjusting function in different operating situation, the circular groove of guide wheel is stuck on induction track.
Further, the described left and right sides of changing case platform 1 is respectively equipped with limit switch 20, limit switch 20 is connected with electrical control cabinet 3, and it is corresponding with limit switch 20 that the front and back of guide rail 2 are respectively equipped with positive stop 21, and limit switch sends danger signal after contacting with the positive stop arranging on ground.In the present embodiment, change on the longeron of case platform and be welded with the shaped steel for mounting limit switch, limit switch is bolted on the termination of this shaped steel.Changing in the normal translation process of case platform, limit switch is inoperative, by translation registration device, guaranteed the docking location of left and right translation, only in the situation that translation registration device et out of order or other fail to make platform normally to stop and moving to ground rail termination, after limit switch contacts with the positive stop on ground, send signal out of service, guarantee that changing case platform can not move to beyond guide rail.
Further, the quantity of described actuating device is four, corresponding with four road wheels respectively, actuating device is bolted to the below of changing case platform, and each actuating device 5 is mainly formed by connecting by variable-frequency motor 5a, retarder 5b, and described variable-frequency motor 5a is connected with electrical control cabinet 3, the positioning precision of translating device can reach grade, translatory velocity can be adjusted as required, can use by supporting many refuse compaction equipments, guarantees the transhipment demand of garbage transfer station.Described road wheel 4 is connected with retarder 5b, and the both sides of each road wheel 4 are respectively equipped with position-limited wheel 26, and position-limited wheel 26 is rotatably supported in and changes case platform 1, and the lower end of position-limited wheel 26 is lower than the lower end of road wheel 4.The axial line of position-limited wheel is perpendicular to the axial line of road wheel, and the periphery of position-limited wheel contacts with guide rail.
Further, described in change case platform and adopt I-beam section to be welded to form, in the present embodiment, change case platform below and be welded with the adapter plate of actuating device, side covers panel is installed, and can play the effect of gaining in strength.Change and on two longerons of case platform, be respectively equipped with backing plate 23, two backing plates that roll for garbage container roller and be symmetrical arranged, and all perpendicular to guide rail, in the present embodiment, the material of described backing plate is corrosion-resistant steel, backing plate is bolted on longeron, so that better.One end of backing plate is adjacent with the import and export of changing case platform, and the side of the backing plate other end arranges the limiting stopper that prevents that garbage container is excessively mobile, and limiting stopper is fixedly connected with longeron by bolt.The inner side of two backing plates is fixed with respectively for the positive stop strip 24 spacing to garbage container roller.In the present embodiment, be positioned at the positive stop strip bending in opposite directions of the entrance end of garbage container, be formed for the targeting port of the roller guiding to garbage container.
Also comprise hydraulic power pack, described hydraulic power pack is standing posture structure, compact to design, is arranged on below, electrical control cabinet floor, by the fuel tank with return filter, Hydraulic Pump, electrical motor, control cock, hydraulic tubing etc., formed, for the oil cylinder of giving push-pull mechanism, provide power.
Further; control housing side is provided with for staff and handles the operator's station that originally changes case apparatus, and operator's station is weldingly fixed on and changes on case platform, and operator's station both sides are respectively equipped with operator's station protection railing; while changing case platform sway, operator safety can effectively keep the scene intact.In electrical control cabinet, be provided with control unit, control housing is arranged on the one end that garbage container is imported and exported that deviates from of changing case platform.Staff can operate originally changing case platform according to the signal of the feedback of each sensor or automatic switch on the panel of electrical control cabinet.Certainly, in control housing, can also fill programmable automatic controller (PLC), communication module, power-supply system, bath acoustic filter, lightning protection device, terminal etc. and attendant equipment.Adopt PLC to control, by program design, and gather that load cell signal, push-pull mechanism stretch out, retraction signal, hook case, drawing signal, change case platform positioning signal, crash sensor signal, each movable parts is sent to action command; Signal and order are sent to compression system central control system simultaneously, under remote operation pattern, receive the order that central control system is sent.
Case flow process is put in translation to fully loaded freight container:
When garbage press completes compression loaded work, with garbage container carry out cabinet separation after, send and change case signal, movement is changed case platform control unit and is calculated the distance that is moved to compressor front joint by current location, and start translation, after accurate positioning, push-pull mechanism extrusome reaches hook case position, the piston rod of hook case oil cylinder stretches out, locking piece is hooked freight container lower hook seat, extrusome is retracted, freight container is pulled on platform, freight container roller stops at LOAD CELLS position, LOAD CELLS is judged freight container for after fully loaded, move to and put case position without freight container, push-pull mechanism extrusome stretches out freight container is pushed out to and puts case position, hook case oil cylinder is retracted, unclamp freight container, push-pull mechanism extrusome is retracted and is put in place, complete the case work of putting to fully loaded freight container, at push-pull mechanism, freight container is pulled on platform to freight container being pushed out in the process of putting case position, hook case oil cylinder clamps freight container always, preventing in translation process that freight container slides out changes case platform and has an accident.
The translation of unloaded freight container is put to case flow process:
Change case platform movement to freight container and put case position, push-pull mechanism stretches out extrusome, after putting in place, hook freight container and be pulled on platform, the LOAD CELLS configuring on platform can be identified sky, the trunkful state of this freight container, when status recognition is trunkful, freight container is pushed back to the former case position of putting, move to the next one and put the last operation of case position continuation, when identification freight container is empty van, the mobile case platform that changes moves to trash compactor docking anterior position, push-pull mechanism by unloaded freight container be pushed out to compressor dock place, position, retraction extrusome, complete operation.
Garbage compression system centralized control flow process:
When garbage press completes the work of garbage-compressing loading, with garbage container carry out cabinet separation after, refuse compaction equipment control system gives an order, originally change case apparatus start start, by field control operating process, work.
The present invention is not only confined to above-described embodiment, carries out the technical scheme of a little change in the situation that not deviating from technical solution of the present invention spirit, should fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the garbage container of a garbage transfer station changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: what be included as rectangular frame structure changes case platform, two guide rails that are parallel to each other, and electrical control cabinet, the described case platform left side of changing, the two ends of right vertical beam are supported in corresponding guide rail by road wheel respectively, change the actuating device that road wheel is set on case platform, actuating device is connected with electrical control cabinet, change on case platform push cylinder is installed, described push cylinder is parallel to the longeron that changes case platform, the piston rod of push cylinder extends to the entrance end that changes case platform, the elongated end hold-down hook case oil cylinder of push cylinder piston rod, the piston rod of hook case oil cylinder upwards extends, the elongated end of hook case cylinder piston rod is installed the locking piece for fixing garbage container, also comprise an induction track, described induction track is parallel to guide rail, change that inductive head is set on case platform is corresponding with induction track, inductive head is connected with electrical control cabinet, for detection of the position of changing case platform, at least one longeron that changes case platform is provided with the LOAD CELLS of the weight for identifying garbage container, LOAD CELLS is connected with electrical control cabinet by pressure transformer.
2. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 1 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described LOAD CELLS is bolted on changes in the mounting seat that case platform longeron is provided with, and the upper end of LOAD CELLS is bolted the loading plate that is useful on carrying garbage container.
3. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 2 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described LOAD CELLS is two, two LOAD CELLS are arranged on respectively on two longerons that change case platform, are respectively equipped with the groove for the roller location to garbage container on each loading plate.
4. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 1 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described inductive head is magnetic pickup device, described induction track is magnetic scale, described inductive head is located on an erecting frame, the forward and backward two ends of erecting frame are supported in induction track by guide wheel respectively, inductive head between the guide wheel at erecting frame two ends, the upper end of erecting frame with change case platform and be connected.
5. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 4 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described erecting frame, change and between case platform, be provided with the link span, the body cradle that are hinged, the upper end of link span with change case platform and be connected, lower end and the erecting frame of body cradle are hinged.
6. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 1 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described in change case platform the left and right sides be respectively equipped with limit switch, each limit switch is connected with electrical control cabinet respectively, and it is corresponding with limit switch that the front and back of guide rail are respectively equipped with positive stop.
7. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 1 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: the cross-sectional plane of described guide rail is I shape, the both sides of guide rail are respectively equipped with the rail pressing device for fixed guide, the described case platform that changes adopts I-beam section to be welded to form, change on left and right two longerons of case platform and be respectively equipped with a backing plate rolling for garbage container roller, the inner side of two backing plates is fixed with respectively for the positive stop strip spacing to garbage container roller.
8. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 1 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described actuating device is mainly formed by connecting by variable-frequency motor, retarder, described variable-frequency motor is connected with electrical control cabinet, described road wheel is connected with retarder, the both sides of each road wheel are respectively equipped with position-limited wheel, position-limited wheel is rotatably supported in and changes case platform, and the lower end of position-limited wheel is lower than the lower end of road wheel.
9. the garbage container of garbage transfer station according to claim 1 changes case apparatus, it is characterized in that: the piston rod of described push cylinder is provided with extrusome, the lower end of extrusome arranges support roller, the cylinder body of described hook case oil cylinder is fixed on this extrusome, extrusome is provided with the sensor for detection of extrusome position, and described locking piece is provided with the travel switch for contacting with garbage container.
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CN104085637A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-10-08 长治清华机械厂 Butt joint device for refuse transfer station compartments
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CN109353801A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-19 苏州耐德新明和工程技术有限公司 A kind of plane changes case system
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CN109928125A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-06-25 苏州映真智能科技有限公司 Solar battery process trolley flow system and circulation method
CN110371528A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-10-25 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 The pressure head automatic shift control system and method for vertical direct press type garbage compression station

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