CN103709487A - 一种聚丙烯电缆料 - Google Patents

一种聚丙烯电缆料 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103709487A
CN103709487A CN201410012208.5A CN201410012208A CN103709487A CN 103709487 A CN103709487 A CN 103709487A CN 201410012208 A CN201410012208 A CN 201410012208A CN 103709487 A CN103709487 A CN 103709487A
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parts
powder
cashew nut
nut shell
polypropylene
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杨德华
周万华
徐善清
朱汝其
于振明
董学春
朱道德
张俊
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ANHUI RUISHENG ELECTRONIC SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ANHUI RUISHENG ELECTRONIC SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410012208.5A priority Critical patent/CN103709487A/zh
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/06Polyethene
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B3/00Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties
    • H01B3/18Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances
    • H01B3/30Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes
    • H01B3/44Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes vinyl resins; acrylic resins
    • H01B3/441Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes vinyl resins; acrylic resins from alkenes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K2201/00Specific properties of additives
    • C08K2201/011Nanostructured additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K2201/00Specific properties of additives
    • C08K2201/014Additives containing two or more different additives of the same subgroup in C08K
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/20Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets
    • C08L2203/202Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets use in electrical wires or wirecoating

Abstract

本发明公开了一种聚丙烯电缆料,其是由下述重量份的原料制得:茂金属线性聚乙烯60-77、等规聚丙烯17-22、红磷1-2、氢氧化镁4-6、气相白炭黑5-7、复合填料60-67,纳米碳酸钙2-4、辣椒素0.1-0.3、腰果壳油1-2、间苯二甲酸酯2-4、甘油三醋酸酯1-2、马来酸二辛酯0.3-0.8、二茂铁1-2。

Description

一种聚丙烯电缆料
技术领域
本发明涉及电缆料领域,确切地说是一种聚丙烯电缆料。
背景技术
电线电缆专用树脂包括电缆绝缘料和电缆护套料,所用原料主要有聚乙烯和聚氯乙烯。现在,国内6 kV级以上电力电缆已全部采用聚乙烯交联绝缘料;1 kV以下的低压电缆则以聚氯乙烯绝缘和聚氯乙烯护套为主,但由于聚氯乙烯稳定性及电绝缘性较差,因此,正在愈来愈多地被聚乙烯取代;通讯电缆一般以高密度聚乙烯做绝缘层,以线性低密度聚乙烯做护套层;光缆则主要是用高密度聚乙烯和中密度聚乙烯做为护套料。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种聚丙烯电缆料。
上述目的通过以下方案实现:
一种聚丙烯电缆料,其特征在于:其是由下述重量份的原料制得:茂金属线性聚乙烯 60-77 、等规聚丙烯17-22、红磷 1-2、氢氧化镁4-6、气相白炭黑5-7、复合填料60-67,纳米碳酸钙 2-4、辣椒素0.1-0.3、腰果壳油1-2、间苯二甲酸酯2-4、甘油三醋酸酯1-2、马来酸二辛酯0.3-0.8、二茂铁1-2;
复合填料由下列重量份的原料制成:
铝矾土10-15、腰果壳油2-3、石英粉3-5,石灰石粉15-18,氧化锌1-2、氢氧化镁10-12、二甲基氧化锡0.8-1.2、硅藻土4-5、柠檬酸三丁酯1-2;
复合填料的制备方法是将铝矾土、石灰石粉在700-750℃下于闪烧窑中闪烧6-8秒,取出,与石英粉一并加入适量水中研磨,加10-15%盐酸溶液调PH为4.2-5.3,研磨浆料至400-500目后,再加氢氧化钠调为中性,喷雾干燥,得粉末;将所得粉末与其它剩余成分混合,研磨混合均匀即得。
所述的一种聚丙烯电缆料,其特征在于:
  制备方法为:
  (1)茂金属线性聚乙烯 、红磷、腰果壳油、辣椒素按重量份混匀,于双螺杆挤出机中128-137℃下混炼完全后,取出冷却;
  (2)将步骤(1)所得冷却后的物料与剩余各原料混匀,于双螺杆挤出机中混炼、造粒,控制温度在123-138℃,得到成品。
    本发明的有益效果为:本发明所得到的产品具有机械及加工性能好、耐温等级高、耐开裂性能好等优点。
具体实施方式
  一种聚丙烯电缆料,其是由下述重量份(kg)的原料制得:茂金属线性聚乙烯 67 、等规聚丙烯17、红磷 2、氢氧化镁6、气相白炭黑5、复合填料67,纳米碳酸钙4、辣椒素0.3、腰果壳油2、间苯二甲酸酯4、甘油三醋酸酯1、马来酸二辛酯0.8、二茂铁2;
复合填料由下列重量份的原料制成:
铝矾土15、腰果壳油2.3、石英粉5,石灰石粉18,氧化锌1、氢氧化镁12、二甲基氧化锡0.8、硅藻土5、柠檬酸三丁酯2;
复合填料的制备方法是将铝矾土、石灰石粉在720℃下于闪烧窑中闪烧8秒,取出,与石英粉一并加入适量水中研磨,加10%盐酸溶液调PH为4.7,研磨浆料至400目后,再加氢氧化钠调为中性,喷雾干燥,得粉末;将所得粉末与其它剩余成分混合,研磨混合均匀即得。
所述的一种聚丙烯电缆料,
  制备方法为:
  (1)茂金属线性聚乙烯 、红磷、腰果壳油、辣椒素按重量份混匀,于双螺杆挤出机中136℃下混炼完全后,取出冷却;
  (2)将步骤(1)所得冷却后的物料与剩余各原料混匀,于双螺杆挤出机中混炼、造粒,控制温度在126℃,得到成品。
将本实施例进行性能测试,抗张强度18.8MPa,断裂伸长率321%,阻燃级别 V0。

Claims (2)

1.一种聚丙烯电缆料,其特征在于:其是由下述重量份的原料制得:茂金属线性聚乙烯 60-77 、等规聚丙烯17-22、红磷 1-2、氢氧化镁4-6、气相白炭黑5-7、复合填料60-67,纳米碳酸钙 2-4、辣椒素0.1-0.3、腰果壳油1-2、间苯二甲酸酯2-4、甘油三醋酸酯1-2、马来酸二辛酯0.3-0.8、二茂铁1-2;
复合填料由下列重量份的原料制成:
铝矾土10-15、腰果壳油2-3、石英粉3-5,石灰石粉15-18,氧化锌1-2、氢氧化镁10-12、二甲基氧化锡0.8-1.2、硅藻土4-5、柠檬酸三丁酯1-2;
复合填料的制备方法是将铝矾土、石灰石粉在700-750℃下于闪烧窑中闪烧6-8秒,取出,与石英粉一并加入适量水中研磨,加10-15%盐酸溶液调PH为4.2-5.3,研磨浆料至400-500目后,再加氢氧化钠调为中性,喷雾干燥,得粉末;将所得粉末与其它剩余成分混合,研磨混合均匀即得。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种聚丙烯电缆料,其特征在于:
  制备方法为:
  (1)茂金属线性聚乙烯 、红磷、腰果壳油、辣椒素按重量份混匀,于双螺杆挤出机中128-137℃下混炼完全后,取出冷却;
  (2)将步骤(1)所得冷却后的物料与剩余各原料混匀,于双螺杆挤出机中混炼、造粒,控制温度在123-138℃,得到成品。
CN201410012208.5A 2014-01-10 2014-01-10 一种聚丙烯电缆料 Pending CN103709487A (zh)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103865174A (zh) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-18 安徽电缆股份有限公司 一种超薄壁绝缘城市轨道用电缆料
CN104231401A (zh) * 2014-09-26 2014-12-24 江苏远方电缆厂有限公司 一种聚丙烯电缆料及其制备方法
CN106084402A (zh) * 2016-06-26 2016-11-09 安徽我要遛遛信息技术有限公司 耐高温防火屏蔽通讯线缆料的制备方法

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0931253A (ja) * 1995-07-14 1997-02-04 Tosoh Corp 難燃性樹脂組成物
US6107385A (en) * 1998-04-28 2000-08-22 Kyowa Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. Flame-retardant resin composition and its use
CN102321294A (zh) * 2011-08-12 2012-01-18 上海邦中新材料有限公司 一种具有阻燃作用的电缆专用料及其制备方法
CN103289180A (zh) * 2013-06-25 2013-09-11 张宇 一种lldpe通信电缆护套料及其制备方法
CN103401203A (zh) * 2013-08-09 2013-11-20 山东省呈祥电工电气有限公司 一种阻燃塑钢复合电缆保护管及其制备方法

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0931253A (ja) * 1995-07-14 1997-02-04 Tosoh Corp 難燃性樹脂組成物
US6107385A (en) * 1998-04-28 2000-08-22 Kyowa Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. Flame-retardant resin composition and its use
CN102321294A (zh) * 2011-08-12 2012-01-18 上海邦中新材料有限公司 一种具有阻燃作用的电缆专用料及其制备方法
CN103289180A (zh) * 2013-06-25 2013-09-11 张宇 一种lldpe通信电缆护套料及其制备方法
CN103401203A (zh) * 2013-08-09 2013-11-20 山东省呈祥电工电气有限公司 一种阻燃塑钢复合电缆保护管及其制备方法

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103865174A (zh) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-18 安徽电缆股份有限公司 一种超薄壁绝缘城市轨道用电缆料
CN104231401A (zh) * 2014-09-26 2014-12-24 江苏远方电缆厂有限公司 一种聚丙烯电缆料及其制备方法
CN106084402A (zh) * 2016-06-26 2016-11-09 安徽我要遛遛信息技术有限公司 耐高温防火屏蔽通讯线缆料的制备方法

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Application publication date: 20140409