CN103461658A - Method for preparing commercial silage fodder by utilizing waste asparagus officinalis l. stalks - Google Patents

Method for preparing commercial silage fodder by utilizing waste asparagus officinalis l. stalks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103461658A
CN103461658A CN2013103579793A CN201310357979A CN103461658A CN 103461658 A CN103461658 A CN 103461658A CN 2013103579793 A CN2013103579793 A CN 2013103579793A CN 201310357979 A CN201310357979 A CN 201310357979A CN 103461658 A CN103461658 A CN 103461658A
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China
Prior art keywords
asparagus
ensiling
fodder
stalks
straws
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Pending
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CN2013103579793A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石伟勇
周钰珊
何延
倪亮
易珊
范蓓蓓
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Priority to CN2013103579793A priority Critical patent/CN103461658A/en
Publication of CN103461658A publication Critical patent/CN103461658A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a formula of a commercial silage fodder by resource utilization of asparagus officinalis l. stalks. A method for preparing the fodder by utilizing the waste asparagus officinalis l. stalks is characterized in that the method at least comprises the following steps: 1) preparing raw materials: preparing the harvested asparagus officinalis l. stalks; 2) cutting and crushing: naturally drying for about 2 days, controlling the water content, and then cutting the asparagus officinalis l. stalks into small sections; 3) adding an ensilaging regulator for treatment: mixing the ensilaging regulator in the asparagus officinalis l. stalks, wherein the weight percentage of the amount of the ensilaging regulator is 0.5-1.5% of that of the asparagus officinalis l. stalks; 4) carrying out seal ensilaging: compacting in a container for seal ensilaging; and 5) adjusting the product: after ensilaging, adjusting the product. The method has reliable process route and simple operation, enables the commercial silage fodder to be convenient for storage and transportation, improves the fodder taste based on retaining the asparagus officinalis l. original nutrition, and also find a new way for study and utilization of the waste asparagus officinalis l. resource.

Description

A kind of method that asparagus straws prepares the commercialization ensilage of discarding of utilizing
Technical field
The present invention belongs to utilization of waste as resource, and specifically a kind of asparagus straws recycling of processing spending huge sums every year, turn waste into wealth, and is made into the method for commercialization ensilage.
Background technology
China is the large vegetables of the first in the world producing countries, but, along with the increase of growing vegetables area, the output of vegetable castoff is similarly also increasing.According to incompletely statistics, the discarded object output of China vegetables is up to 1.0 hundred million tons.The discarded object quantity of these vegetables is large, poor quality, and belongs to perishable product, and the environment around giving has brought immense pressure.A kind of as in the vegetables that do not obtain fully effectively utilizing of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.), had the cultivation history of more than one thousand years, it contains numerous nutritional labelings, as seed amino acid more than the 1O such as rutin, mannosan, choline and isoleucine, leucine.Also be rich in the nutritional labelings such as saponin(e, flavones, multivitamin, zinc, iron, sugar simultaneously.On the asparagus pharmacology, build up health, antifatigue, burning fat, reducing blood lipid, anti-oxidantly protect the liver, anti-anoxic, anti-ageing, antitumor, strengthen the effect such as memory.Clinical practice in cancer preventing and treating, treat high fat of blood, control psoriasis, the disease such as proliferation of mammary gland, hypertension, heart disease, fatigue, cystitis, lithiasis, cirrhosis is all effective in cure.Contain a large amount of protein in the cauline leaf of its production and processing waste, the discarded object that asparagus is produced and processes is processed into feed good effect.And people increase to the attention rate of health products along with this year, will there is the asparagus of health-care efficacy to be processed into other products good market will be arranged.
But because asparagus straws is coarse, the poor wherein wood fibre of palatability content is higher, albumen is relative with soluble sugar not high, and directly search for food and can affect absorption and the digestion of livestock and poultry, so asparagus straws is carried out to further processing, be the problem that at first its resource will solve.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of method that asparagus straws prepares feed of discarding of utilizing.
The present invention will solve is that the palatability that exists after as feed of existing asparagus straws is poor, the problem that digestibility and energy utilization rate are low.
The present invention is directed to the nutritive peculiarity of asparagus straws, by ensiling, preparation high-quality asparagus feed.
For realizing purpose of the present invention, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
1) raw material is prepared: harvested asparagus straws; 2) cutting and grinding: naturally dry about 2 days, control its water content, then asparagus straws is cut into to segment; 3) adding the ensiling conditioning agent processes: mixed silage conditioning agent in asparagus straws, the 0.5-1.5% that the consumption percentage by weight of ensiling conditioning agent is asparagus straws; 4) airtight ensiling: compacting is airtight ensiling in container; 5) product adjustment, carrying out the product adjustment after ensiling.
Advantage of the present invention is: the present invention is the asparagus fiber degradation of asparagus straws, increase the composition that can digest and assimilate, improved mouthfeel, improved the nutritive value of asparagus feed, effectively solved the palatability that existing asparagus straws exists after as feed poor, the problem that digestibility and energy utilization rate are low.The present invention, by asparagus straws further is processed into to the pollution that product has reduced environment, also provides a kind of new way of wasted resources in addition.
The specific embodiment
below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
The discarded asparagus straws of utilization of the present invention prepares the method for feed, at least comprises the steps: 1) the raw material preparation: harvested asparagus straws; 2) cutting and grinding: naturally dry about 2 days, control its water content between 40 ~ 70%, then asparagus straws is cut into to the segment segment of 3 ~ 5cm; 3) adding the ensiling conditioning agent processes: mixed silage conditioning agent in asparagus straws, the 0.5-1.5% that the consumption percentage by weight of ensiling conditioning agent is asparagus straws; 4) airtight ensiling: compacting is airtight ensiling in container; The airtight ensiling time is three months to six months.5) product adjustment, carrying out the product adjustment after ensiling.
Described ensiling conditioning agent comprises following component: formic acid, and propionic acid, lactic acid bacteria, select lactic acid bacteria during ensiling, in two kinds, formic acid, propionic acid, at least select a kind of.The percentage by weight that the each component consumption accounts for asparagus straws is formic acid 1-5%, propionic acid 1-5%, lactic acid bacteria 0.05-0.10%.
Described ensiling refers in closed container, by raw material compacting, anaerobic fermentation.
Described product adjustment refers to takes out material after the ensiling of bamboo shoot shell to stir and mix with other nutrition mixed fodders, and mixing at different growth phase nutritional needs, finally obtains the multifunctional bamboo-shell feed according to different animals.
Product effect experiment: get silage fermentation and be sealed in the feed in closed container about 3 months, according to growth of animal, mix original feed in varing proportions period.
The sheep of now take carries out the contrast experiment as example, and take asparagus and original feed ratio is that 1:2 mixes.Choose same ewe and test enforcement the triplet who gives birth on the same day: an original forage feed for sheep, the mixed asparagus forage feed of other two use, the result of having fed after 2 wheat harvesting periods is obviously obvious than the weightening finish of the sheep with former forage feed for the sheep with the asparagus forage feed, and meat is more solid.

Claims (6)

1. one kind is utilized discarded asparagus straws to prepare the method for feed, it is characterized in that the method at least comprises the steps: 1) the raw material preparation: harvested asparagus straws; 2) cutting and grinding: naturally dry about 2 days, control its water content, then asparagus straws is cut into to segment; 3) adding the ensiling conditioning agent processes: mixed silage conditioning agent in asparagus straws, the 0.5-1.5% that the consumption percentage by weight of ensiling conditioning agent is asparagus straws; 4) airtight ensiling: compacting is airtight ensiling in container; 5) product adjustment, carrying out the product adjustment after ensiling.
2. the method that the discarded asparagus fodder of utilization according to claim 1 utilizes, is characterized in that controlling its water content between 40 ~ 70%;
The method that the asparagus fodder utilizes is discarded in utilization according to claim 1, it is characterized in that cutting into asparagus straws the segment of 3 ~ 5cm.
3. the method that the discarded asparagus fodder of utilization according to claim 1 utilizes is characterized in that the ensiling conditioning agent comprises following component: formic acid, and propionic acid, lactic acid bacteria, select lactic acid bacteria during ensiling, in two kinds, formic acid, propionic acid, at least select a kind of.
4. to account for the percentage by weight of asparagus straws be formic acid 1-5% to the each component consumption, propionic acid 1-5%, lactic acid bacteria 0.05-0.10%.
5. the method that the discarded asparagus fodder of utilization according to claim 1 utilizes, is characterized in that described ensiling refers in closed container, by raw material compacting, anaerobic fermentation.
6. the method that the discarded asparagus fodder of utilization according to claim 1 utilizes, it is characterized in that described product adjustment refers to takes out material after the ensiling of bamboo shoot shell to stir and mix with other nutrition mixed fodders, mixing at different growth phase nutritional needs, finally obtains the multifunctional bamboo-shell feed according to different animals.
CN2013103579793A 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Method for preparing commercial silage fodder by utilizing waste asparagus officinalis l. stalks Pending CN103461658A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103859154A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-06-18 铜仁职业技术学院 Production method of silage
CN104068216A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-10-01 浙江大学 High-quality asparagus stem and leaf silage as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN104222708A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 南通天马汇文化发展有限公司 High-quality silage forage grass preservative and application thereof
CN104920902A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 浙江农林大学 Sheep feed based on bamboo shoot shells
CN105146231A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-12-16 广州市普淳环保科技有限公司 Wrapping and silaging method for forage grass grain amaranth and grain amaranth silage
CN105432990A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-30 菏泽学院 Asparagus-stalk-containing roughage for cattle and sheep and detection method

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CN102125167A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-20 浙江大学 Method for preparing bamboo shell feed by using waste bamboo shells
CN102422980A (en) * 2011-11-03 2012-04-25 西南大学 Silage and preparation method thereof
CN102795410A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-11-28 宁国市乡味源农产品开发有限公司 Method for ensiling high-moisture bamboo shoot shells through vacuum seal by plastic bag
CN103222564A (en) * 2011-11-03 2013-07-31 西南大学 Forage utilizing bamboo shoot processing residues, and preparation method thereof

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CN102422980A (en) * 2011-11-03 2012-04-25 西南大学 Silage and preparation method thereof
CN103222564A (en) * 2011-11-03 2013-07-31 西南大学 Forage utilizing bamboo shoot processing residues, and preparation method thereof
CN102795410A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-11-28 宁国市乡味源农产品开发有限公司 Method for ensiling high-moisture bamboo shoot shells through vacuum seal by plastic bag

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103859154A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-06-18 铜仁职业技术学院 Production method of silage
CN104068216A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-10-01 浙江大学 High-quality asparagus stem and leaf silage as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN104222708A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 南通天马汇文化发展有限公司 High-quality silage forage grass preservative and application thereof
CN105146231A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-12-16 广州市普淳环保科技有限公司 Wrapping and silaging method for forage grass grain amaranth and grain amaranth silage
CN104920902A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 浙江农林大学 Sheep feed based on bamboo shoot shells
CN104920902B (en) * 2015-07-01 2019-04-26 浙江农林大学 A kind of sheep feed based on bamboo shoot shell
CN105432990A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-30 菏泽学院 Asparagus-stalk-containing roughage for cattle and sheep and detection method

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