CN106260571A - A kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration - Google Patents

A kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106260571A
CN106260571A CN201610665223.9A CN201610665223A CN106260571A CN 106260571 A CN106260571 A CN 106260571A CN 201610665223 A CN201610665223 A CN 201610665223A CN 106260571 A CN106260571 A CN 106260571A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
powder
straw
additive
rumensin
sal
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201610665223.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
凌启良
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Renhuai City Huilong Wan Zi Farms
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Renhuai City Huilong Wan Zi Farms
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Priority to CN201610665223.9A priority Critical patent/CN106260571A/en
Publication of CN106260571A publication Critical patent/CN106260571A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration, this feedstuff is divided into fattens early-stage fodder and fattening period feedstuff, and the percentage by weight fattening early stage (0~14 week) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 30~35%, distiller grains 5~8%, rapeseed cake 4~6%, soybean cake 4~6%, additive 1~2%, Sal 0.2~0.5%, Rumensin 0.01~0.03%, bone meal 2~3%, calcium carbonate 1~2%, Natrii Sulfas 1~2%, powder of straw 38~42%;The percentage by weight of fattening period (more than 14 weeks) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 40~45%, distiller grains 10~15%, rapeseed cake 6~8%, soybean cake 6~8%, additive 2~3%, Sal 0.5~0.8%, Rumensin 0.03~0.05%, bone meal 3~5%, calcium carbonate 2~3%, Natrii Sulfas 2~3%, powder of straw 18~25%.The present invention is essence, roughage to be mixed in proportion, make graininess nutrient fodder feed educate beef cattle, have be prone to digestion, absorb, nutritious feature, not only can improve beef cattle weight, aquaculture cost also can be greatly lowered.

Description

A kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration
Technical field
The invention belongs to steer ration field of feed, be specifically related to a kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration.
Background technology
Along with improving constantly of living standards of the people, continuing to increase the demand of meat, particularly beef is people from the whole world All liking the food eaten, it has also become one of consumer's daily life of a family meat, be only second to Carnis Sus domestica, beef contains rich in protein, ammonia The compositions such as base acid and trace element, and fat content is low, so delicious flavour, has high nutritive value, is liked by people, Enjoy the laudatory title of " favourite son in meat ".Owing to beef contains rich in protein, aminoacid ratio of components Carnis Sus domestica needs closer to human body, Body resistance against diseases can be improved, to growth promoter and Post operation, aftercare people supplement lose blood, the aspect such as repair tissue special The most suitable.Therefore high-quality high-grade beef is in short supply, greatly develops quality meat cattle production and has the most wide market prospect.
The production situation of current China steer ration industry faces new challenges, due to the ecological knot of livestock and poultry cultivation self Structure and the defect of tradition breeding way so that major part steer ration exists many problem demanding prompt solutions.Such as: tradition cultivation Custom is that single household raises, although this kind of cultivation investment and risk are less, but cycle length, profit are low;If using intensive Change cultivate that then price of deed rate is low, illness spread fast, environmental pollution etc., in breeding process, beef cattle must constantly eat nutrition Material (heat energy, protein, mineral, vitamin etc.), is used for the activity of sustaining life, meets to produce and (produce meat, produce hair, product skin, product Young, give milk) needs, and these nutrient substance are by herbage or forage crop, the supply of concentrate compound, mainly with roughage It is main, but roughage can not meet its nutritional need, require supplementation with and feed concentrated feed.If feed formulation is improper can affect beef cattle Growth, causes the decline of its body constitution, resistivity to decline, and prevalence rises, and finally makes the production performance of beef cattle reduce, impact economy The growth of benefit.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of scientific formulation rationally, be prone to digestion, absorb, nutritious, green safety without Harm, can effectively solve beef ox fattening cycle length, fatten the bad problems such as efficiency is low, beef cattle growth is slow, meat is poor, the most sick, Not only can improve beef cattle weight, increase the economic benefit of steer ration, aquaculture cost also can be greatly lowered, specifically one Plant the nutrient fodder for steer ration.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration, This feedstuff is divided into fattens early-stage fodder and fattening period feedstuff, described in fatten the percentage by weight of early stage (0~14 week) feed ingredient For: Semen Maydis powder 30~35%, distiller grains 5~8%, rapeseed cake 4~6%, soybean cake 4~6%, additive 1~2%, Sal 0.2~0.5%, tumor Stomach element 0.01~0.03%, bone meal 2~3%, calcium carbonate 1~2%, Natrii Sulfas 1~2%, powder of straw 38~42%, each component sum is 100% ;
The percentage by weight of fattening period (more than 14 weeks) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 40~45%, distiller grains 10~15%, rapeseed cake 6 ~8%, soybean cake 6~8%, additive 2~3%, Sal 0.5~0.8%, Rumensin 0.03~0.05%, bone meal 3~5%, calcium carbonate 2 ~3%, Natrii Sulfas 2~3%, powder of straw 18~25%, each component sum is 100%;
By the method that above-mentioned each component is prepared as graininess nutrient fodder it is:
(1) according to institute's expense, above-mentioned each raw material is weighed respectively, standby;
(2) Semen Maydis powder, distiller grains, rapeseed cake, soybean cake, Sal, powder of straw are put in fermentation vat abundant by the above-mentioned raw material got ready Mixing;
(3) will mixing after raw material with plastic sheeting seal, control ambient temperature between 23~25 DEG C, fermentation time 5~7 My god, obtain and expect at the beginning of nutrition;
(4) pass through after expecting at the beginning of the nutrition that will ferment to mix homogeneously with the additive got ready, Rumensin, bone meal, calcium carbonate, Natrii Sulfas Comminutor carries out pelletize, obtains graininess nutrient fodder.
Further, the described nutrient fodder for steer ration, its preferred weight percent is: fatten early stage (0~14 Week) percentage by weight of feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 33%, distiller grains 7%, rapeseed cake 5.5%, soybean cake 5.5%, additive 1.6%, food Salt 0.38%, Rumensin 0.02%, bone meal 3%, calcium carbonate 2%, Natrii Sulfas 2%, powder of straw 40%;Fattening period (more than 14 weeks) feed ingredient Percentage by weight be: Semen Maydis powder 42%, distiller grains 12%, rapeseed cake 7%, soybean cake 7%, additive 2.3%, Sal 0.66%, Rumensin 0.04%, bone meal 4%, calcium carbonate 2.5%, Natrii Sulfas 2.5%, powder of straw 20%.
Further, more than the one or two kinds of during described powder of straw is Wheat Straw, corn straw, sweet potato vine or Caulis et Folium Oryzae Combine in 1:1 ratio, be first cut into a length of 3~5cm with chopper, by being ground into particle powder with pulverizer after processed Shape, obtains powder of straw.
During actual feeding, using the nutrient fodder of the present invention, it has using method and is: by the feedstuff of the present invention Add mix homogeneously in mix homogeneously in roughage can feed or be directly appended to forage grass to can feed, according to the body of beef cattle Weight situation, by 100 kilograms of nutrient fodders adding 2~4 kilograms of present invention every day, feeding frequency: feed 2~3 times on 1st.
Using a kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration of the present invention, compared with prior art, it has the beneficial effects that: Owing to powder of straw containing substantial amounts of protein and sugar, it is rare protein source, can effectively reduce cattle feed Cost, also has nutritious and is prone to the feature digested and assimilated.Simultaneously take account of beef cattle required for growth and fattening stage Each nutrient in great demand, add in feedstuff in appropriate oils and fats, trace element, additive equilibrium cattle dietary intake Each active ingredient, for increasing the searching for food and repellence of cattle, by essence, the reasonably combined nutrient fodder of roughage, reduce feedstuff wave Take, not only can improve beef cattle weight, increase the economic benefit of steer ration, aquaculture cost also can be greatly lowered, shorten cultivation Cycle.
Detailed description of the invention
When carrying out steer ration, it is necessary first to the coarse fodder providing enough meets its growth demand, then according to not same order Duan Peihe essence grain accordingly.It is strong, easy to digest that the cooperation of essence grain should have nutrition, palatability, and essence, thick, greenfeed is reasonably combined.Calf It is made to feed sufficient colostrum early, it is ensured that healthy;Suckling calf can be herded early, mends and feeds plant feed, promotes that cud function is sent out Educate, and strengthen the adaptation ability of calf environment to external world;Growth cattle daily ration is based on coarse fodder, and according to coarse fodder quality rational proportion Concentrate;Finished cattle is then main fattening with high concentrate;Cow latter half of gestation is carried out supplementary feeding just to ensure the fetus later stage Normal growth promoter.
A kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration, this feedstuff is divided into fattens early-stage fodder and fattening period feedstuff, described in educate The percentage by weight of fertile early stage (0~14 week) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 30~35%, distiller grains 5~8%, rapeseed cake 4~6%, bean Cake 4~6%, additive 1~2%, Sal 0.2~0.5%, Rumensin 0.01~0.03%, bone meal 2~3%, calcium carbonate 1~2%, awns Nitre 1~2%, powder of straw 38~42%, each component sum is 100%;
The percentage by weight of fattening period (more than 14 weeks) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 40~45%, distiller grains 10~15%, rapeseed cake 6 ~8%, soybean cake 6~8%, additive 2~3%, Sal 0.5~0.8%, Rumensin 0.03~0.05%, bone meal 3~5%, calcium carbonate 2 ~3%, Natrii Sulfas 2~3%, powder of straw 18~25%, each component sum is 100%;
By the method that above-mentioned each component is prepared as graininess nutrient fodder it is:
(1) according to institute's expense, above-mentioned each raw material is weighed respectively, standby;
(2) Semen Maydis powder, distiller grains, rapeseed cake, soybean cake, Sal, powder of straw are put in fermentation vat abundant by the above-mentioned raw material got ready Mixing;
(3) will mixing after raw material with plastic sheeting seal, control ambient temperature between 23~25 DEG C, fermentation time 5~7 My god, obtain and expect at the beginning of nutrition;
(4) pass through after expecting at the beginning of the nutrition that will ferment to mix homogeneously with the additive got ready, Rumensin, bone meal, calcium carbonate, Natrii Sulfas Comminutor carries out pelletize, obtains graininess nutrient fodder.
The preferred ingredient summing up the nutrient fodder for steer ration in practice process is:
The percentage by weight fattening early stage (0~14 week) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 33%, distiller grains 7%, rapeseed cake 5.5%, soybean cake 5.5%, additive 1.6%, Sal 0.38%, Rumensin 0.02%, bone meal 3%, calcium carbonate 2%, Natrii Sulfas 2%, powder of straw 40%.
The percentage by weight of fattening period (more than 14 weeks) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 42%, distiller grains 12%, rapeseed cake 7%, bean Cake 7%, additive 2.3%, Sal 0.66%, Rumensin 0.04%, bone meal 4%, calcium carbonate 2.5%, Natrii Sulfas 2.5%, powder of straw 20%.
Further, more than the one or two kinds of during described powder of straw is Wheat Straw, corn straw, sweet potato vine or Caulis et Folium Oryzae Combine in 1:1 ratio, be first cut into a length of 3~5cm with chopper, by being ground into particle powder with pulverizer after processed Shape, obtains powder of straw.
During actual feeding, it has using method and is: in the feedstuff of the present invention adds to roughage, mixing is all Even can feed or be directly appended to forage grass in mix homogeneously can feed, according to the body weights of beef cattle, by 100 kilograms of every days Add the nutrient fodder of 2~4 kilograms of present invention, feeding frequency: feed 2~3 times on 1st.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention, not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention, every utilize this The improvement of the various unsubstantialities that bright method design and technical scheme are carried out, or the most improved design by the present invention and technology Scheme directly applies to other occasion, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1., for a nutrient fodder for steer ration, this feedstuff is divided into fattens early-stage fodder and fattening period feedstuff, and its feature exists In: described in fatten the percentage by weight of early stage (0~14 week) feed ingredient and be: Semen Maydis powder 30~35%, distiller grains 5~8%, rapeseed cake 4~6%, soybean cake 4~6%, additive 1~2%, Sal 0.2~0.5%, Rumensin 0.01~0.03%, bone meal 2~3%, calcium carbonate 1 ~2%, Natrii Sulfas 1~2%, powder of straw 38~42%, each component sum is 100%;
The percentage by weight of fattening period (more than 14 weeks) feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 40~45%, distiller grains 10~15%, rapeseed cake 6 ~8%, soybean cake 6~8%, additive 2~3%, Sal 0.5~0.8%, Rumensin 0.03~0.05%, bone meal 3~5%, calcium carbonate 2 ~3%, Natrii Sulfas 2~3%, powder of straw 18~25%, each component sum is 100%;
By the method that above-mentioned each component is prepared as graininess nutrient fodder it is:
(1) according to institute's expense, above-mentioned each raw material is weighed respectively, standby;
(2) Semen Maydis powder, distiller grains, rapeseed cake, soybean cake, Sal, powder of straw are put in fermentation vat abundant by the above-mentioned raw material got ready Mixing;
(3) will mixing after raw material with plastic sheeting seal, control ambient temperature between 23~25 DEG C, fermentation time 5~7 My god, obtain and expect at the beginning of nutrition;
(4) pass through after expecting at the beginning of the nutrition that will ferment to mix homogeneously with the additive got ready, Rumensin, bone meal, calcium carbonate, Natrii Sulfas Comminutor carries out pelletize, obtains graininess nutrient fodder.
2. according to the nutrient fodder for steer ration a kind of described in claim 1, it is characterised in that fatten early stage (0 described in: ~14 weeks) percentage by weight of feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 33%, distiller grains 7%, rapeseed cake 5.5%, soybean cake 5.5%, additive 1.6%, Sal 0.38%, Rumensin 0.02%, bone meal 3%, calcium carbonate 2%, Natrii Sulfas 2%, powder of straw 40%;Fattening period (more than 14 weeks) The percentage by weight of feed ingredient is: Semen Maydis powder 42%, distiller grains 12%, rapeseed cake 7%, soybean cake 7%, additive 2.3%, Sal 0.66%, Rumensin 0.04%, bone meal 4%, calcium carbonate 2.5%, Natrii Sulfas 2.5%, powder of straw 20%.
3. according to a kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: described powder of straw For more than the one or two kinds of in Wheat Straw, corn straw, sweet potato vine or Caulis et Folium Oryzae combining in 1:1 ratio, first it is cut into chopper A length of 3~5cm, by being ground into granulated powder with pulverizer after processed, obtain powder of straw.
CN201610665223.9A 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 A kind of nutrient fodder for steer ration Pending CN106260571A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107279518A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-10-24 王运模 A kind of nutritious ox feed
CN107410717A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-12-01 仁秀芝 A kind of cattle feed formula and preparation method thereof
CN108740374A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-11-06 甘培彰 A kind of feed of efficient cowboying

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248895A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-20 仁怀市永红四季肉牛养殖场 Fodder for culturing beef cattle

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248895A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-20 仁怀市永红四季肉牛养殖场 Fodder for culturing beef cattle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107410717A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-12-01 仁秀芝 A kind of cattle feed formula and preparation method thereof
CN107279518A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-10-24 王运模 A kind of nutritious ox feed
CN108740374A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-11-06 甘培彰 A kind of feed of efficient cowboying

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Application publication date: 20170104