CN103382056B - A kind of submerged plant fast run-up group device - Google Patents

A kind of submerged plant fast run-up group device Download PDF

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CN103382056B
CN103382056B CN201310292384.4A CN201310292384A CN103382056B CN 103382056 B CN103382056 B CN 103382056B CN 201310292384 A CN201310292384 A CN 201310292384A CN 103382056 B CN103382056 B CN 103382056B
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assembly
submerged plant
water
plantation
combination
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CN103382056A (en
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许盛凯
武涛
张红星
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Jiangsu Jiangda Ecological Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Jiangda Ecological Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of submerged plant fast run-up group device.Described device comprises Submerged plant communities combination; Described Submerged plant communities combination is positioned on plantation assembly; The below of described plantation assembly is provided with water repellent component, is provided with floating drum and oxygenation assembly below described water repellent component; Described plantation assembly is connected with counterweight anchor and ball float.The present invention is fully in conjunction with the advantage of submerged plant quick breeding technology, Artificial Wetland Techniques, Submerged plant communities constructing technology and the Multiple techniques such as biological floating bed, the Ecological Disposal function such as rapid build and purification of water quality of submerged plant key element in the existing ecosystem, effectively can also reduce the duration, improve surviving rate, save restoration of the ecosystem cost, reduce repeatedly to plant and the stirring of region water body is polluted, and stable advantage group can be formed fast, reduce the difficulty of running maintenance, Rapid deactivation sediment pollution discharges, and effectively improves water purification function and efficiency.

Description

A kind of submerged plant fast run-up group device
Technical field
The present invention relates to ecological restoration technical field, particularly relate to a kind of submerged plant fast run-up group device.Device of the present invention can improve the surviving rate of Submerged plant communities, reduce the engineering cost that the ecosystem builds, improve processing efficiency, be applicable to the process surface water such as river course, lake, belong to the ecological engineering technology in environment-friendly engineering, restoration of the ecosystem and aquatic animals and plants field.
The invention provides a kind of quick settlement assembly for quick-recovery submerged plant system fast after purifying water.When river course or lake are by purification of water quality measure, after reaching the environmental background that submerged plant can survive, restoration of the ecosystem design needs kind of planting submerged plant with stabilizing water quality good order and condition, improves the self-purification capacity of water body, the circulation of restored ecosystem nutritive substance.
Background technology
Submerged plant is primary producer important in water body, is the important regulating and controlling person of Evolution of The Lakes and lake ecological balance, and recovering submerged plant vegetation is a kind of important ecological method controlling lake eutrophication.N, P not only can be exported lake by autophage by submerged plant, promote that Lakes in Nutrition exports; And when planting density is higher, lake water can be changed and flow to stream strong, affect exchange of substance balance between lake water and bed mud; There is obvious restraining effect to grid algae growth in water body simultaneously.
The method of submerged plant planting and community hight is a lot, and the rapid breeding method of submerged plant single variety also has a lot.But in engineering practice process, what often need is not Fast-propagation and the plantation of single variety, but needs the group of the several species increasing species diversity and ecological stability, or has the stable community of sociales and companions.This often needs engineering design teacher and professional to on-the-spot guidance in engineering practice, can mixed planting according to professional judgement which kind, which kind is applicable to plantation, and select different implantation methods according to varieties of plant, even sometimes, have to adopt workman to dive under water plantation, or water is extracted out with wasting time and energy, reach the depth of water of suitable planting.So not only cause the waste of electric energy, also cause the waste of water resources, and change the water quality situation in former region, need to find make-up water source or source of clean water, then repeat pump process.When the surviving rate of the submerged plant of first plantation is not high, be just necessary that carrying out secondary reseeds, or the reseeding of region, even because factors such as envrionment conditionss, may need all again to plant, then repeat to draw water, discharge water such operation again.In addition, submerged plant planting also has limit season, survival and growth effect observation also needs certain cycle, this or may repeat to have have passed through best planting time when planting in secondary plantation, can only wait until that Second Year is planted again, not only have lost the time, more have lost the input of on-site investigation and analysis.
CN1860854A proposes a kind of fast and effeciently field planting and builds the simple and easy method of group submerged plant, and 6 the vegetation combinations adopting the method plantation be made up of 4 kinds of indigenous lake submerged plant through water, form stable lake submerged plant through water group; Solve the problem that during current lake submerged plant through water is rebuild, the impact of the many Submerged plant communities of water level and plant are arbitrarily waved between surviving rate low and blowoff period.The shortcoming of this device is: (1) builds loosely organized, and pipe connecting etc. are insecure, and capacity of anti-storm is weak, can not be used in the lake apoplexy region that the wave is high; (2) be only applicable to part Submerged plant communities, such as some Chen Shui group associated water is continuous, and have a strong impact on the decontamination effect improving with water quality that survives of submerged plant, need cleaning water silk floss in time, then this device affects the cleaning of water silk floss.(3) this device is only applicable to the region use that haulage time is 48 hours, is not suitable for and leaves water body maintenance for a long time.
Apparatus of the present invention are rational in infrastructure, and install combination flexibly, safety performance is high, complete function.Described submerged plant fast run-up group device configures the combination of different plant community optimization techniques and quick planting unit at different quality with area, can according to the investigation and analysis of the water quality situation of different areas and environmental background, determine the feature of advantage group and association population, again according to water surface area, submerged plant function and planting time, select corresponding assembly.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the fast run-up group of the Submerged plant communities in a kind of ecosystem restoration and building process device, build group cycle with what shorten Submerged plant communities, improve the stability of Submerged plant communities, improve processing efficiency, reduce engineering cost, reduce maintenance cost.
Submerged plant communities of the present invention fast run-up group device be a kind of utilize submerged plant quick breeding technology, ecological engineering habitat improving environment and ecosystem water purification technology to combine flexile restoration of the ecosystem and surface water treatment technique device, and the Component units of increase and decrease device can be selected for different water body character and ambient conditions, save processing cost, raise the efficiency, reduce energy consumption.
The present invention in conjunction with ecosystem restoration, artificial wetland treatment function and submerged plant planting technology in one.Ecosystem restoration recovers destroyed natural ecosystems, and improve the self purification of water body function under the good ecosystem of water body, purifying water and maintaining water body remains on good state.Artificial swamp is a kind of less energy-consumption relatively, high efficiency natural treatment process, in conjunction with the system ensemble of submerged plant, protozoon and filler matrix etc., is a kind of multi-functional ecological water treatment technology.Water plant planting technology is a comprehensive engineering construction technology, there is a large amount of quick breeding technology investigation and application, some species is very strict to the requirement of environment, such as transparency, illumination, temperature and bed mud state etc., also has the requirement to season, such as winter is applicable to the black algae of plantation, and is applicable to spring such as plantation eel grass etc., is the engineering of a complicated combine multidisciplinarily.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of submerged plant fast run-up group device, described device comprises Submerged plant communities combination; Described Submerged plant communities combination is positioned on plantation assembly; The below of described plantation assembly is provided with water repellent component, is provided with floating drum below described water repellent component; Described plantation assembly is connected with fixation kit.
The building process of Submerged plant communities combination of the present invention is: by the single variety of submerged plant, form provenance by quick breeding technology, preferably sieve out high-quality kind.Categorised collection is advantage pioneer species, companions and other kinds, and complementary according to biological nature, realizes the structure of population, with safely, stabilize to principle, refusal Invasive Alien Species, avoids adding of Harmful species, as being wound around, the surging or biological inhibition of competition etc.The first, preferably optimize population composition, that form safety and stability, that there is advantage Submerged plant communities; The second, different group's characteristics is cultivated in modification, the background condition of its growing environment of artificial regulatory, the disease-resistant situation of its offspring of modification, more to adapt to different water quality environments.The sewage received as it contains the chemical composition contained in the articles for daily use such as washing composition, pore forming material, in sewage, macrobead suspension content is higher, colloidal suspension content is high, form the water quality environment that transparency is low, by continuous domestication, realize its adaptability to such sewage, and effectively can improve water quality environment, eliminate the species of disadvantageous changes trend, the one-way realizing community hight is preferred simultaneously; 3rd, can to its height of the different indexs manual control such as (chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total nitrogen index) in sewage, realize the community hight technology for different quality index, and the stable community under suitable special water environment can be constructed fast and stable.The preferably combination formed by said process is formed Submerged plant communities of the present invention combination.
The present invention is intended to, by artificially building coenosis, purify the water body of different pollution level.The selection of pioneer species, according to different quality and water level conditions, selects lower floor, middle level and upper strata aquatic vegetation, utilizes its niche complementarity principle, builds group, plays the efficient and rational function purified water.
(1) lower floor's pioneer species characteristic: lower floor's biomass of submerged plant major part concentrates on water bottom, root system or subterraneous stem prosperity, resistance to low light, light compensation point is low, and disconnected branch fecundity is strong, and survive rear Population Diffusion ability strong, in hard base, speed extending transversely is fast.Its distinctive biological characteristics, effectively can cover substrate, suppresses the release of bed mud depositional organic matter, and bed mud passivation ability is strong, improves bed mud character.
(2) middle level pioneer species: the biomass major part of this part submerged plant concentrates between bed mud and the water surface, and plant does not go out the water surface, and constantly can extend along with the lifting of the water surface.Be mainly used in retardance, fixing, adsorbed water body suspended particle, improve water transparency, and form powerful biofilm system on plant surface, for microorganism provides habitat, enrichment also decomposes water body N, P element and organic matter.
(3) upper strata pioneer species characteristic: biomass mainly concentrates on water body at the middle and upper levels, within the scope of its specific ecological niche, along with the lifting of water level is constantly extended, along with the water surface is stretched out in the lifting of temperature, and form branch in water surface, for the existence of lower floor's biology in water body provides shady and cool environment.
According to years of researches, design the special plant group of this device, the Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum that such as plant is taller and bigger, by cultivation and the fast and stable of this device, height can reach more than 2.5m.The water caltrop maximum biomass in May that biomass is large is about 7kg/m 2tall and big plant and powerful biomass can effectively enrichment bed mud and water body N, P element, removed by artificial again, this part N, P element are taken away water body, and by risk that this device avoids water caltrop big area to expand, further play lifting water quality, reduce Eutrophic Extent, the function of enhancing the transparency.
By practice and the function adjustment of this device, define organic assembling configuration mode, and determine the different device combination used in China's Different Climatic Zones according to years of researches:
JD-ECOI type: the Submerged plant communities combination of bed mud passivation ability strong (resistance to mud):
Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum-Mi tooth eel grass-hornwort-Potamogeton pectinatus L-hydrilla verticillata Community combination, this combination, is applicable to the growth of area, warm temperate zone, and the Changjiang river south and north flanks is removed in main distribution.
JD-ECOII type: removal nitrogen, the Submerged plant communities combination unit that phosphorus ability is strong
P.malaianus-Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum-floating heart-Ci eel grass-east najas marina-Potamogeton maackianu Community combination, is applicable to warm temperate zone-subtropical zone growth.
JD-ECOIII type: survival rate is high, the Submerged plant communities configuration combination unit that fecundity is fast
Eel grass-wheel blade black-hornwort-east najas marina-chara braunii Community combination, the every kind of plant fecundity in this combination is all stronger, and breeding diversity is embodied in the various kinds modess of reproduction such as subterraneous stem, disconnected branch, gemma, sprout and sporogenesis.In the present invention, the fast run-up group of energy, is formed and maintains the necessary functional group of the ecosystem in application.
After advantage in the practice of the present invention's abundant analysis project and shortcoming, improve quick breeding technology targetedly, the planting patterns that innovative development is new.By the variety breeding of original single advantage, change into the unitary construction of group, by different level, classifying type, the separation structure ground sociales of implementation rule, companions and other kinds.And according to different submerged plant species and characteristic, expection collocation, improves its survival rate, reduces the competition of population inside; In addition, according to the principle of optimum combination, improve the adaptability of cultivating group in advance, innovative development goes out specific population targetedly, has the feature of different absorption pollutents, as: the Submerged plant communities combination that 1. denitrification ability is strong; 2. the Submerged plant communities combination that dephosphorization capability is strong; 3. the Submerged plant communities combination that oxygen enrichment ability is strong; 4. the Submerged plant communities combination of bed mud passivation ability strong (resistance to mud).Adapt to the group of different envrionment conditionss, as: 1. mud adaptability Submerged plant communities; 2. the Submerged plant communities under salt high water surrounding; Deng.Simple Submerged plant communities constructing technology is subdivided into different purposes, more can embody the advantage of fast run-up group technology further, not only have and preferentially train the alternative advantage brought in advance, can also after pre-training, apply in integral transplanting to engineering, quick formation high-survival rate and stable, has the ecosystem Submerged plant communities of purification of water quality effect.
Submerged plant fast run-up group device selects other assemblies again on the basis of above core component, and described device can require flexible combination according to the character in waters, area, the degree of depth and the environmental background building group.In actual applications, after first determining the kind of the fast run-up group Submerged plant communities combination be suitable for, then by the practical situation to application site, other assemblies are selected.
In the present invention, mounting height can be adjusted by adjustment floating drum quantity.Floating drum a small amount of in addition controls can be tripped out from water by Submerged plant communities fast when being conducive to harvesting.
Described plantation assembly comprises nest like plant blanket and the plantation cup below it.The material that described plantation cup can not select plastics etc. not easily to degrade, should select hollow thick bamboo tube, or the dixie cup etc. of recycled writing paper.The every block area of nest like plant blanket is 1m 2, can other specifications customized during establishing in large scale, the weight containing plant community must not be greater than 25kg.For ensureing safety and the stability of group.
Submerged plant communities can be planted designated area by plantation assembly of the present invention fast, reduces cost of labor, reduces the waste of material of loose seedling in transportation, reduces when planting artificially to the stirring in waters and the stirring to bed mud.The present invention can according to biomass and Community characteristics, in conjunction with ambient conditions such as transparency, Dissolved Oxygen in Water, the depth of water and water surface areas, change tradition and adopt the counterweight such as mao bamboon, floating drum and buoyant device, device such as ecomaterial such as innovative development plantation cup, plant blanket etc., embody the innovative design of environmental protection, achieve the function fast run-up group Submerged plant communities being planted in fast appointed place and appointment Larger water depths.
The gap of described nest like plant blanket and plantation cup is provided with substratum.Described substratum is can not bring the environmental friendliness shaped material of separating out and polluting to water body, area according to product is different with Submerged plant communities combination, by loess, the material such as ash wood and stalk of preferred disposition, when lake and the larger region of stormy waves use, suitably add wilkinite in substratum to increase the structural rigidity of whole device, prevent nest like plant blanket from rolling.
Described nest like plant blanket is spliced into stratiform by multiple plant blanket monomer; Described plant blanket monomer is set with by multiple regular hexagon framework to be formed; Ecological filtrate is filled with between regular hexagon framework.Described ecological filtrate can be obtained from prior art by those skilled in the art, and such as: ecological selection of filtering material quality is light, has certain hardness, voidage is large, has certain adsorbing material, as elastic solid filler, ceramics filling, clay haydite or bamboo chip etc.
Described water repellent component is be fixed on the waterproof roll below plantation assembly; Described waterproof roll is fixed as wavy.Described waterproof roll is polyvinyl composite water-proof coiled material.The effect of described water repellent component is water, when providing moisture in transportation the root of submerged plant, ensure surviving of submerged plant, but haulage time should be less than 48 hours.When device is arranged under water, water repellent component also can provide buoyancy for device, reduces the consumption of floating drum.
Described fixation kit is the ball float of counterweight anchor in substrate and the water surface.Other mass can be increased as required.The characteristic of clear fast run-up group Submerged plant communities should be indicated, be convenient to long-term maintenance.
Described device also comprises oxygen compensation assembly, and described oxygen compensation assembly is connected with floating drum; Oxygen compensation assembly is connected with ball float by ventpipe.
Described oxygen compensation assembly is multiple; Be communicated with by steam hose between each oxygen compensation assembly.By engineering practice for many years and research, research and develop and devise the oxygen compensation assembly being suitable for group's plantation voluntarily, oxygen compensation assembly, for utilizing vacuum pump and air bag, is opened vacuum pump and is entered in air bag by sucking air communicating pipe, slowly release air in water body again, reach oxygenation aeration effect.Aeration rate only can meet 5m 2waters in scope within depth of water 2.5m, dissolved oxygen is greater than 2mg/L, but it can meet the survivability requirement of Submerged plant communities.If environment is severe especially, then need the aerator installing specialty in addition.For the region of bed mud severe depletion of oxygen or Dissolved Oxygen in Water situation difference, for improving the oxygen-increasing device assembly that Submerged plant communities surviving rate and adaptability are equipped with and design, selecting according to situation, being divided into micropore oxygen enrichment, nanometer oxygen enrichment and sun power oxygen enrichment etc.In actual applications, according to the investigation of mud sample and water quality monitoring (WQM), consider the technique of restoration of the ecosystem, select different functional modules.
Device of the present invention also comprises biofilm assembly; Described biofilm assembly is one in rigidity biofilm assembly, semi-rigid biofilm assembly or flexible biofilm assembly or its combination.Under being applied to the water quality situation that transparency is lower and organic content is high, biofilm assembly mainly adopts specific surface area large, the band shape that the flexible material with vesicular structure is made and strip fabrics, to the space that microorganism provides attachment and perches, adsorb suspended substance and colloidalmaterial etc. simultaneously.
Described device also comprises biological receives assembly, is applied in hydrocoles is thrown in and transparency is lower waters.So that observe the growing state of hydrocoles, the restrictive input in region fish, screw, bivalves etc. can be had, solve supply volume in practice process and be not easy to control, throw in region and be difficult to the problems such as assurance.
Described biology receives assembly to be grating box; Described biofilm assembly is fixed on grating box.
Described plantation assembly connects counterweight anchor by web member.
Described plantation module edge is fixed with purse seine.Purse seine Main Function controls the floating movement in certain scope of this device, controls the breeding scope of submerged plant group simultaneously.
Compared with prior art scheme, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1. present invention reduces the cycle that in Traditional Ecological repair process, Submerged plant communities builds, saved engineering cost, achieve the scientific management of species configuration, the group of stability and safety can be formed fast; Change submerged plant planting in traditional restoration of the ecosystem manually to have high input, the cycle is long, the present situation that restriction affected by environment is large, reduces the cost of submerged plant planting, improves processing efficiency, reduces working cost, reduces the associated costs such as manual maintenance.
2. make full use of the advantage of ecotechnology, more avoid secondary and plant the secondary pollution brought; Achieve layman can contrast specification sheets and select fast, be conducive to fast quick-recovery and the public participation in management in contaminated river course.
3. the combination of whole system device flexibly, and easy for installation, floor space is little, can also build jointly, further increase the range of application of this system and device with other structures.The assembly of system can according to the water quality of water body and processing requirements, select different technical process, can also according to treatment capacity recent and at a specified future date, the space that reserved assembly is installed, like this can in the skeleton construction once investing and complete under constructing Long-term planning recent and at a specified future date, when the water yield increases, only need to add assembly, do not need other to construct.
4. various informative, have wide range of applications.Apparatus of the present invention can as Landscape Facilities, the green forest island of drifting along up and down, after realizing sewage treatment function, is also good landscape characters facility in long-term operational management process.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of submerged plant of the present invention fast run-up group device;
Fig. 2 is nest like plant blanket monomer structure figure.
In figure: 1-Submerged plant communities combines; 2-nest like plant blanket; 3-kind plants cup; 4-waterproof roll; 5-floating drum; 6-oxygen compensation assembly; 7-steam hose; 8-web member; 9-counterweight anchor; 10-biology receives assembly; 11-biofilm assembly; 12-ventpipe; 13-ball float;
The present invention is described in more detail below.But following example is only simple and easy example of the present invention, and do not represent or limit the scope of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention is as the criterion with claims.
Embodiment
For better the present invention being described, be convenient to understand technical scheme of the present invention, typical but non-limiting embodiment of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of submerged plant fast run-up group device, described device comprises Submerged plant communities combination 1; Described Submerged plant communities combination 1 is positioned on plantation assembly; The below of described plantation assembly is provided with water repellent component, is provided with floating drum 5 below described water repellent component; Described plantation assembly is connected with fixation kit.
Described Submerged plant communities combination 1 is Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum-Mi tooth eel grass-hornwort-Potamogeton pectinatus L-hydrilla verticillata Community combination, p.malaianus-Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum-floating heart-Ci eel grass-east najas marina-Potamogeton maackianu Community combination or eel grass-wheel blade black-hornwort-east najas marina-chara braunii Community combination.
Described plantation assembly comprises nest like plant blanket 2 and the plantation cup 3 below it; Described plantation cup 3 is preferably hollow thick bamboo tube or regeneration dixie cup;
The gap of described nest like plant blanket 2 and plantation cup 3 is provided with substratum.
Described nest like plant blanket 2 is spliced into stratiform by multiple plant blanket monomer; Described plant materials monomer is set with by multiple regular hexagon framework to be formed; Ecological filtrate is filled with between regular hexagon framework.Described ecological filtrate is preferably elastic solid filler, ceramics filling, clay haydite or bamboo chip.
Described water repellent component is be fixed on the waterproof roll 4 below plantation assembly; Described waterproof roll 4 is fixed as wavy.Described waterproof roll 4 is polyvinyl composite water-proof coiled material.
Described fixation kit is the ball float 13 of counterweight anchor 9 in substrate and the water surface.
Described device also comprises oxygen compensation assembly 6, and described oxygen compensation assembly 6 is connected with floating drum 5; Oxygen compensation assembly 6 is connected with ball float 13 by ventpipe 12;
Described oxygen compensation assembly 6 is multiple; Be communicated with by steam hose 7 between each oxygen compensation assembly 6.
Described device also comprises biofilm assembly 11; Described biofilm assembly 11 is one in rigidity biofilm assembly, semi-rigid biofilm assembly or flexible biofilm assembly or its combination.
Described device also comprises biological receiving assembly 10; Described biology receives assembly 10 to be grating box; Described biofilm assembly 11 is fixed on grating box.
Described plantation assembly connects counterweight anchor 9 by web member 8.
Described plantation module edge is fixed with purse seine.
The specific implementation process of apparatus of the present invention is:
According to sewage type, climatic province, water quality data, the water yield and water outlet requirement, draft and select Submerged plant communities combination 1, then other assemblies are chosen in the differentiation of the degree of depth of foundation water body, bed mud state, investigation of pollution sources and design emphasis.First lay the nest like plant blanket 2 of ecomaterial design, then select the plantation cup 3 of plantation assembly on this basis.And then laying water-proof coiled material 4, floating drum 5, oxygen compensation assembly 6, and realize regulating aeration rate by the connection of oxygen compensation assembly 6 and floating drum 5, make the function that whole device fluctuates.The air source of oxygen compensation system assembly 6 is ventilated by ventpipe 12, and the tube head of ventpipe 12 is connected on ball float 13, and the quantity of ball float 13 is determined by the calculating of aeration rate and the area of device, is connected by steam hose 7 between oxygen compensation system assembly 6.Described device further provided with optional components biology and receives assembly 10 and biofilm assembly 11, wherein biofilm assembly 11 require according to water body navigation and the safety requirements of the depth of water and installation can select outfit rigidity biofilm assembly, semi-rigid biofilm assembly or flexible biofilm assembly one wherein or with the use of.Biological receive assembly 10 mainly benthic mollusc and fish, the benign development of being combined by the means control core assembly Submerged plant communities of bioelectric detecting, and by fish with molluscanly fish for transfer part pollutent.This device also needs, planting the bottom of assembly to river bed or lakebed counterweight, have counterweight anchor 9 and web member 8 in installation process.
This device is in line with the exploitation to Submerged plant communities fast run-up group technology, and the technology of comprehensive multinomial ecological water process, forms Submerged plant communities fast run-up group device.The present invention can reduce environmental background value to the impact of fast run-up group technology and limiting factor; Save engineering construction cost, improve processing efficiency, its flexible and changeable combination and the configuration of suiting measures to local conditions, fully demonstrated the feature of ecological, environmental protective, is an ecological engineering technology.
Described submerged plant fast run-up group device is not only simple plant itself, also has the effect of environmental protect background.As previously mentioned, when running into the depth of water and being not suitable for plantation, traditional method and equipment need the kinetic energy that draws water and time loss, or simple and crude the suspension degree of depth of combination timely adjustment device in water by mao bamboon and floating drum, reach the degree of depth that suitable Submerged plant communities is stable; Conventional apparatus, to the bad adaptability of water depth ratio and stormy waves, needs bank to fix the adjustment with a large amount of manpower.The combination of this device adopts ecomaterial to develop nest like plant blanket and plantation cup, Submerged plant communities combination and other devices are fixed with substratum, device is made to adapt to the different depth of water, and floating and the sinking by regulating the air output size of floating drum to realize whole device.In addition, when bed mud is in anaerobic state, if Submerged plant communities fast run-up group device is in such environment for a long time, easily rotten, surviving rate is low.The oxygen compensation assembly increased, can not only improve bed mud environment, improves stability and the surviving rate of submerged plant, can also reduce conventional art and must change the complexity such as water, desilting, spend high engineering cost, decrease artificial input.
Apparatus of the present invention to build group consistent, processing efficiency is high, and installation is convenient, relatively low to environmental requirement, and according to the water yield and water quality, can increase flexibly or reduce processing unit assembly, save processing cost, reduce energy consumption, avoid the waste of capital construction cost.Can reclaim, reduce the cost of pasture and water and submerged plant harvesting maintenance fast, quick-replaceable, accomplish slitless connection, realize the long-lasting of Submerged plant communities, reduce the impact of season and growth cycle factor, also reduce personnel to safeguard, when reseeding and gather in, on the stirring of region bed mud and the impact etc. of water quality, improve the security of its application.
Applicant states, the present invention by above-described embodiment illustrate detailed construction feature of the present invention with, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned detailed construction feature, does not namely mean that the present invention must rely on above-mentioned detailed construction feature and could implement.Person of ordinary skill in the field should understand, any improvement in the present invention, to equivalence replacement and the increase of accessory, the concrete way choice etc. of parts selected by the present invention, all drops within protection scope of the present invention and open scope.

Claims (17)

1. a submerged plant fast run-up group device, is characterized in that, described device comprises Submerged plant communities combination (1); Described Submerged plant communities combination (1) is positioned on plantation assembly; The below of described plantation assembly is provided with water repellent component, is provided with floating drum (5) and oxygen compensation assembly (6) below described water repellent component; Described plantation assembly is connected with fixation kit;
Described Submerged plant communities combination (1) is Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum-Mi tooth eel grass-hornwort-Potamogeton pectinatus L-hydrilla verticillata Community combination or p.malaianus-Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum-floating heart-Ci eel grass-east najas marina-Potamogeton maackianu Community combination;
Described water repellent component is be fixed on the waterproof roll (4) below plantation assembly; Described waterproof roll (4) is fixed as wavy.
2. device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described plantation assembly comprises nest like plant blanket (2) and the plantation cup (3) below it.
3. device as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, described plantation cup (3) is hollow thick bamboo tube or regeneration dixie cup.
4. device as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, the gap of described nest like plant blanket (2) and plantation cup (3) is provided with substratum.
5. device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described nest like plant blanket (2) is spliced into stratiform by multiple plant blanket monomer.
6. device as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, described plant blanket monomer is set with by multiple regular hexagon framework to be formed; Ecological filtrate is filled with between described regular hexagon framework.
7. device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described ecological filtrate is elastic solid filler, ceramics filling, clay haydite or bamboo chip.
8. device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described waterproof roll (4) is polyvinyl composite water-proof coiled material.
9. device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described fixation kit is the ball float (13) of counterweight anchor (9) in substrate and the water surface.
10. device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described oxygen compensation assembly (6) is connected with floating drum (5); Oxygen compensation assembly (6) is connected with ball float (13) by ventpipe (12).
11. devices as claimed in claim 10, is characterized in that, described oxygen compensation assembly (6) is for multiple; Be communicated with by steam hose (7) between each oxygen compensation assembly (6).
12. devices as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described device also comprises biofilm assembly (11).
13. devices as claimed in claim 12, is characterized in that, described biofilm assembly (11) is rigidity biofilm assembly, one in semi-rigid biofilm assembly or flexible biofilm assembly or its combination.
14. devices as claimed in claim 12, is characterized in that, described device also comprises biological receiving assembly (10).
15. devices as claimed in claim 14, is characterized in that, described biology receives assembly (10) to be grating box; Described biofilm assembly (11) is fixed on grating box.
16. devices as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that, described plantation assembly connects counterweight anchor (9) by web member (8).
17. devices as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described plantation module edge is fixed with purse seine.
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CN105152347A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-16 四川鑫淼环保科技有限责任公司 Building and management method for submerged vegetations in water of lakes
CN108353776A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-08-03 北京华景山水生态科技有限公司 A kind of device and method of biocompatible materials guiding cascading water vegetation construction
CN112064569A (en) * 2020-09-04 2020-12-11 野趣生境环境设计(成都)研究院(有限合伙) Method for constructing pond suitable for frog inhabitation in green land

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