CN204569656U - A kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water - Google Patents

A kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204569656U
CN204569656U CN201520169014.6U CN201520169014U CN204569656U CN 204569656 U CN204569656 U CN 204569656U CN 201520169014 U CN201520169014 U CN 201520169014U CN 204569656 U CN204569656 U CN 204569656U
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China
Prior art keywords
wetland
pond
subsurface flow
biological filter
water
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520169014.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨小凤
刘海娇
范明元
仕玉治
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Water Resources Research Institute of Shandong Province
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Water Resources Research Institute of Shandong Province
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water, comprise pretreatment pool, anaerobe pond, Artificial subsurface flow wetland, biological filter and landscape pond, anaerobe pond connects pretreatment pool, overflow weir is provided with between anaerobe pond and pretreatment pool, overflow weir is provided with overflow weir, the anaerobic pond water outlet in anaerobe pond is intake with the wetland of Artificial subsurface flow wetland and is connected, Artificial subsurface flow wetland is arranged on around the building of residential quarters, the wetland effluent of Artificial subsurface flow wetland is intake with the biological filter of biological filter and is connected, the biological filter water outlet of biological filter is connected with landscape pond, landscape pond is arranged on residential quarters central authorities or low-lying place.Town-property community domestic wastewater treatment is consumable water of sight and amusement by the utility model, and this device is arranged according to residential quarters physical features, easy construction management, without the need to power facility during operation, energy-conserving and environment-protective, ensure the Effec-tive Function of wet land system, both economized on resources, and can beautify the environment again.

Description

A kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water
Technical field
The utility model relates to field of environment engineering technology, particularly relates to artificial swamp Ecological Disposal field, is specifically related to a kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water.
Background technology
China is the country of a water resources critical shortage, there is the problem that Freshwater resources lack and water pollution is day by day serious.Country's file regulation in 2011, the moisturizing of community scenery water is inaccurate adopts tap water.In recent years, domestic and international many cities were by reuse view recreational water after sewage purification, and this has not only saved Freshwater resources, has also beautified environment.
The supply of landscape water, recovery technique mainly comprise biomembrance process treatment technology, ecological bed technology, Treatment Technology of Constructed Wetland, aquatic animals and plants recovery technique, aeration oxygen replenishing technology, dosing throwing bacterium technology etc.Prior art is generally the improvement of eutrophication control for natural water body or polluted water body, do not consider the factor of nourishment source, as the difference existed between reuse water water quality and water quality of landscape water target---mainly ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus index, and the factor such as the specific function location of landscape water body.And Treatment Technology of Constructed Wetland is as the effective model of sewage disposal, very easily produce silting problem, this have impact on the operational efficiency of artificial swamp greatly.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of omnidistance unpowered, not only economizes on resources but also can beautify the environment, realizes resource and environment and coordinate mutually, the ecological treatment apparatus of the reuse water supply landscape water of silting can not occur.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: a kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water, comprise pretreatment pool, anaerobe pond, Artificial subsurface flow wetland, biological filter and landscape pond, described pretreatment pool is near residential quarters building water exhaust system, described anaerobe pond connects pretreatment pool, overflow weir is provided with between anaerobe pond and pretreatment pool, overflow weir is provided with overflow weir, the anaerobic pond water outlet in described anaerobe pond is intake with the wetland of Artificial subsurface flow wetland and is connected, described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is arranged on around the building of residential quarters, the wetland effluent of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is intake with the biological filter of biological filter and is connected, under described biological filter is arranged on road surface, residential quarters, the biological filter water outlet of described biological filter is connected with landscape pond, described landscape pond is arranged on residential quarters central authorities or low-lying place.
Particularly, described pretreatment pool top is provided with wastewater influent, hand basket fine fack and support bucket is provided with in pretreatment pool, hand basket fine fack hangs on support bucket, described support bucket is supported by bucket edge and support point, the base plate of described support bucket is the poroid supporting plate of live-in with bayonet, and supporting plate posts filter membrane.
Particularly, described wetland water inlet is connected with one end of Artificial subsurface flow wetland through equalizing tank, and the other end of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is connected with wetland effluent through water collecting basin.
Particularly, described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is one group or several groups of strip flower ponds, inwall does WATER REPELLENT, two ends ecto-entad fills cobble and vermiculite filter material layer, the underfill of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland has matrix, Medium Culture kind is implanted with wetland plant, and described matrix is followed successively by turfy soil, canebreak, haydite from the bottom to top.
Particularly, described Medium Culture is vertically provided with multiple flap, and wetland plant is planted between flap.
Particularly, the top of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland arranges transparent plastic booth or Chinese wistaria frame.
Particularly, protruded ripple plate is filled with in described biological filter.
Particularly, in described landscape pond, cultivation has hydrobiont.
The utility model has following beneficial effect:
1, town-property community domestic wastewater treatment is consumable water of sight and amusement by the utility model, this device is arranged according to residential quarters physical features, easy construction management, without the need to power facility during operation, energy-conserving and environment-protective, ensure the Effec-tive Function of wet land system, both economized on resources, can beautify the environment again, realize resource and environment and coordinate mutually, also can be used for large-scale community man-made lake.
2, the utility model is according to climatic characteristic, selected wetland plant and wetland operational mode, rational deployment, Chinese wistaria frame is set up sun-proof for summer above Artificial subsurface flow wetland, winter, frame covered the insulation of closed transparent plastic greenhouse, this design can reduce summer tans by the sun on wetland plant grow and then impact on wetland variation effect too low with winter temperature, ensures that water outlet reaches consumable water of sight and amusement standard, beautifies living environment simultaneously.
3, the utility model adopts filter membrane (as filter paper etc.) fully pretreating sewage, is aided with vermiculite filtrate and haydite matrix, effectively can alleviates the silting problem that artificial swamp easily occurs; In addition, filter membrane can retain the organic macromolecule micelle of suspended substance, solid particulate and part difficult degradation, greatly reduces the load of anaerobism acidolysis in anaerobe pond.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of the utility model ecological treatment apparatus.
Fig. 2 be the utility model Artificial subsurface flow wetland in the winter time time schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the utility model Artificial subsurface flow wetland when summer.
In figure, 1, wastewater influent, 2, hand basket fine fack, 3, filter membrane, 4, support bucket, 5, supporting plate, 6, support point, 7, pretreatment pool, 8, overflow weir, 9, overflow weir, 10, anaerobe pond, 11, anaerobic pond water outlet, 12, wetland is intake, 13, equalizing tank, 14, cobble, 15, vermiculite, 16, turfy soil, 17, flap, 18, Artificial subsurface flow wetland, 19, wetland plant, 20, canebreak, 21, haydite, 22, water collecting basin, 23, wetland effluent, 24, biological filter intakes, 25, biological filter water outlet, 26, protruded ripple plate, 27, biological filter, 28, hydrobiont, 29, landscape pond, 30, transparent plastic booth, 31, Chinese wistaria frame.
Embodiment
Be below specific embodiment of the utility model, the technical solution of the utility model is described further, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to these embodiments.Every do not deviate from the utility model design change or equivalent substituting include within protection domain of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water, complete assembly locates below ground level, comprise pretreatment pool 7, anaerobe pond 10, Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18, biological filter 27 and landscape pond 29, described pretreatment pool 7 is near residential quarters building water exhaust system, described anaerobe pond 10 connects pretreatment pool 7, overflow weir 8 is provided with between anaerobe pond 10 and pretreatment pool 7, overflow weir 8 is provided with overflow weir 9, the anaerobic pond water outlet 11 in described anaerobe pond 10 and the wetland of Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 are intake and 12 to be connected, described Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 is arranged on around the building of residential quarters, the wetland effluent 23 of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 and the biological filter of biological filter 27 intake and 24 to be connected, under described biological filter 27 is arranged on road surface, residential quarters, the biological filter water outlet 25 of described biological filter 27 is connected with landscape pond 29, described landscape pond 29 is arranged on residential quarters central authorities or low-lying place.
Particularly, described pretreatment pool 7 top is provided with wastewater influent 1, hand basket fine fack 2 and support bucket 4 is provided with in pretreatment pool 7, hand basket fine fack 2 hangs on support bucket 4, described support bucket 4 is supported by bucket edge and support point 6, the base plate of described support bucket 4 is the poroid supporting plate 5 of live-in with bayonet, supporting plate 5 posts filter membrane 3.
Particularly, described wetland water inlet 12 is connected through equalizing tank 13 one end with Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18, and the other end of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 is connected with wetland effluent 23 through water collecting basin 22.
Particularly, described Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 is one group or several groups of strip flower ponds, inwall does WATER REPELLENT, two ends ecto-entad fills cobble 14 and vermiculite 15 filter material layer, the underfill of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 has matrix, Medium Culture kind is implanted with wetland plant 19, and described matrix is followed successively by turfy soil 16, canebreak 20, haydite 21 from the bottom to top.
Particularly, described Medium Culture is vertically provided with multiple flap 17, and wetland plant 19 kinds is planted between flap 17.
During operation, wastewater influent 1 is filtered through hand basket fine fack 2 and filter membrane 3 and is entered pretreatment pool 7, sewage filters through filter membrane 3, the organic pollutant of more than 30% can be removed, suspended substance in sewage, solid particulate and part macromole zoogloea be not by filter membrane 3, effectively alleviate the silting of wetland 18, also greatly reduce the degraded load in anaerobe pond 10.
Filtered water enters anaerobe pond 10 through overflow weir 8, and in pond, temperature is comparatively constant, is not vulnerable to extraneous air, temperature fluctuations affect, for anaerobic bacterium, amphimicrobe and Ammonifying bacteria provide good breeding place.In anaerobe pond 10, sewage is carried out sufficient anaerobic hydrolysis-acidification, wherein the organism of polymer difficult degradation all can change the organism that low molecule is easily degraded substantially into, improves the ratio of BOD/COD in sewage, is conducive to absorption and the degraded of wetland plant 19.
Anaerobe pond water outlet 11 enters Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 through equalizing tank 13, different matrix, is of value to the existence of different types of microorganisms, and vermiculite 15 and haydite 21 also effectively can alleviate the silting of wetland 18.Wherein turfy soil 16 layers did not have plant fibrous root, therebetween canebreak 20 thin layer, and top covers haydite 21 layers.Wetland plant 19th floors front or area without shade plantation flag flowers, roadside or shady spot's plantation cyperus alternifolius.Evergreen aquatic iris cold hardiness is strong, and metabolism is vigorous, even if in the winter time, also can play effect in absorption water pollutant; And sewage plantation cyperus alternifolius wetland in stop 10d after, in sewage, TN, TP, COD, BOD clearance can reach 70 ~ 90%.Wetland plant 19 is except directly absorbing pollutent, also has important indirect action: oxygen is transported to plant root from top, thus form an aerobic environment at plant root, increase gradually along with from root system distance, anoxic, anaerobic state is there is successively in wetland, such conditions favouring in the growth of nitrifier and denitrifying bacteria, and then strengthens the effect of wetland microorganism nitrification and denitrification, improves the purification efficiency of N in sewage.Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 couples of P also have good removal effect, depend primarily on plant absorption, the adsorption filtration of matrix and the acting in conjunction of microbial transformation three.Microorganism in Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 can also eliminate the peculiar smell of sewage.Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18 operational mode is designed to vertical baffling wetland, namely flap 17 is added in wetland inside, make current flow process elongated, fluidised form is more even, thus raising hydraulic detention time, increase pollutent with filler, root system of plant and biomembranous duration of contact in wetland, make physics, chemistry and the biological respinse removed needed for pollutent carry out more abundant, the more common wetland of pollutants removal rate significantly improves.Wetland moisturizing can take the mode of intermittent moisturizing according to practical situation.Above Artificial subsurface flow wetland 18, summer arranges Chinese wistaria frame 31 for sun-proof, and effect as shown in Figure 3; Winter, frame covered closed transparent plastic greenhouse 30 with insulation, and effect as shown in Figure 2.This design can reduce summer tans by the sun the too low growth on wetland plant 19 and then the impact on wetland variation effect with winter temperature, ensures that water outlet reaches consumable water of sight and amusement standard, beautifies living environment simultaneously.
Wetland effluent 23 flows into the biological filter 27 under road surface, residential quarters, biological filter 27 profile is as waterways, using protruded ripple plate 26 as filler, protruded ripple plate 26 had both maintained certain porosity, the apposition growth of microorganism can be ensured again, substantially increase the degradation capability to dissolved substance, suspended substance and chemical-biological aerobic substance.
Biological filter water outlet 25 imports landscape pond 29, and this device water outlet reaches view recreational water standard.Hydrobiont 28 can be cultivated in landscape pond 29, prevent summer from growing mosquito.

Claims (9)

1. the ecological treatment apparatus of a reuse water supply landscape water, it is characterized in that, comprise pretreatment pool, anaerobe pond, Artificial subsurface flow wetland, biological filter and landscape pond, described pretreatment pool is near residential quarters building water exhaust system, described anaerobe pond connects pretreatment pool, overflow weir is provided with between anaerobe pond and pretreatment pool, overflow weir is provided with overflow weir, the anaerobic pond water outlet in described anaerobe pond is intake with the wetland of Artificial subsurface flow wetland and is connected, described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is arranged on around the building of residential quarters, the wetland effluent of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is intake with the biological filter of biological filter and is connected, under described biological filter is arranged on road surface, residential quarters, the biological filter water outlet of described biological filter is connected with landscape pond, described landscape pond is arranged on residential quarters central authorities or low-lying place.
2. the ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pretreatment pool top is provided with wastewater influent, hand basket fine fack and support bucket is provided with in pretreatment pool, hand basket fine fack hangs on support bucket, described support bucket is supported by bucket edge and support point, and the base plate of described support bucket is the poroid supporting plate of live-in with bayonet, and supporting plate posts filter membrane.
3. the ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described wetland water inlet is connected with one end of Artificial subsurface flow wetland through equalizing tank, and the other end of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is connected with wetland effluent through water collecting basin.
4. the ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described Artificial subsurface flow wetland is one group or several groups of strip flower ponds, inwall does WATER REPELLENT, two ends ecto-entad fills cobble and vermiculite filter material layer, the underfill of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland has matrix, and Medium Culture kind is implanted with wetland plant, and described matrix is followed successively by turfy soil, canebreak, haydite from the bottom to top.
5. the ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described Medium Culture is vertically provided with multiple flap, and wetland plant is planted between flap.
6., according to the ecological treatment apparatus of the arbitrary described reuse water supply landscape water of claim 3-5, it is characterized in that, the top of described Artificial subsurface flow wetland arranges transparent plastic booth or Chinese wistaria frame.
7. the ecological treatment apparatus of the reuse water supply landscape water according to claim 4 or 5, is characterized in that, described wetland plant before building or area without shade plantation flag flower, roadside or shady spot plantation cyperus alternifolius.
8. the ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be filled with protruded ripple plate in described biological filter.
9. the ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described landscape pond, cultivation has hydrobiont.
CN201520169014.6U 2015-03-25 2015-03-25 A kind of ecological treatment apparatus of reuse water supply landscape water Withdrawn - After Issue CN204569656U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104692598A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-10 山东省水利科学研究院 Ecological treatment device for supplying recycled water to landscape water
CN110294531A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-01 南京领先环保技术股份有限公司 A kind of water treatment system and method based on ecological core wetland
CN113185068A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-07-30 桂林理工大学 Combined type organic wastewater treatment system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104692598A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-10 山东省水利科学研究院 Ecological treatment device for supplying recycled water to landscape water
CN110294531A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-01 南京领先环保技术股份有限公司 A kind of water treatment system and method based on ecological core wetland
CN113185068A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-07-30 桂林理工大学 Combined type organic wastewater treatment system

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Granted publication date: 20150819

Effective date of abandoning: 20170503