CN203999153U - A kind of sun power microkinetic is from pouring dry type ecological floating island - Google Patents

A kind of sun power microkinetic is from pouring dry type ecological floating island Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203999153U
CN203999153U CN201420441691.4U CN201420441691U CN203999153U CN 203999153 U CN203999153 U CN 203999153U CN 201420441691 U CN201420441691 U CN 201420441691U CN 203999153 U CN203999153 U CN 203999153U
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layer
water
sun power
buoyancy aid
floating island
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袁建波
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Guangzhou Han Chao Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd
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Kunshan Han Chao Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to environmental engineering and water technology, aims to provide a kind of sun power microkinetic of beautifying for eutrophication water restoration of the ecosystem and garden landscape water body from pouring dry type ecological floating island.The utility model is removed organism and the nitrogen phosphorus in eutrophication water in conjunction with microbial technique, ecological floating island technology and heliotechnics advantage, simultaneously, sun power irrigation device can increase the dissolved oxygen in water body, strengthens water body self-purification ability, reaches better Ecological Recovery of Water effect.Polytype plant can be planted in this dry type chinampa, for enriching the chinampa ecosystem, promoting birds and fish to perch good effect to chinampa, sufficient condition is provided and can produced secondary pollution to environment for chinampa is converted into naturalization.

Description

A kind of sun power microkinetic is from pouring dry type ecological floating island
Technical field
The utility model relates to environmental engineering and water technology, aims to provide a kind of sun power microkinetic of beautifying for eutrophication water restoration of the ecosystem and garden landscape water body from pouring dry type ecological floating island.
Background technology
In recent years, along with people are more and more concerned about living environment problem, the quality of physical environment, the particularly water surrounding of periphery and natural landscape situation waterborne are also more and more paid attention to.Along with urban afforestation beautifies the fast development of work, landscape water body is on the increase, due to fresh insufficient water sources, some municipal lakes, river or water quality of landscape water constantly worsen, water body presents eutrophication, causes algae excess growth, fish kill, havoc water ecological environment.
Ecological floating island technology is to utilize the principle of biological pollution treatment, allows plant by absorption of nutrient ingredients superfluous in water, realizes the purification of water quality, provides the space that is applicable to other biological life, to repair or to rebuild aquatic ecosystem simultaneously.
As a kind of novel environmental protection technology, artificial ecological floating island appears at the 70's of 20th century the earliest, is researched and developed by German Besterman company.By building a stage apparatus that floats on the water surface, plant multiple emergent, utilize growing process the absorption of Water, phosphorus etc. to be reached to the object purifying water.This technology can purify water on the one hand, for birds provide home, can improve on the other hand fish egg reproduction environment and increase fisherman's income.
Thereafter ecological floating island has experienced again large several times development, the application of especially Japanese ecological floating island technology, strengthened root system of plant to beneficial microorganism growth-promoting functions in water, the range of application of also greatly having widened ecological floating island, has promoted the purifying water effect of ecological floating island.The eighties in 20th century, Japan starts the extensive this technology of introducing, and self water body is repaired, and wherein the Biwa Lake of Japan just has maximum at that time artificial floating island.In lake, the world conference of nineteen ninety-five, artificial article floating island starts by universally acknowledged as a kind of technology of administering sewage subsequently, and Korea S, Canada, Britain etc. start to pay close attention to and study this technology in succession.
Compared with traditional water pollution control technology, artificial article floating island technology exists several obvious advantages: carry out original position reparation at pollution scene, be not subject to the restriction of water depth, transparence and Eutrophic Extent, be particularly suitable for the improvement of river course, lake eutrophication; Expense is cheap, and with respect to traditional pollution treatment technology, this technology can be saved more than 50% construction cost, and maintenance cost is cheap, also can improve view.
Wherein, ecological floating island to the main protection function of water surrounding be embodied in following some:
1, purification of water quality.On dependence chinampa, planting growing plants absorbs the nutritive ingredient such as nitrogen, phosphorus in water body and relies on those to be attached to the microbially decontaminate water body of plant root;
2, create the biological space of living.The place that utilizes the bridging effect on chinampa to provide breeding to lay eggs to fish etc., meanwhile, chinampa also can provide the space of perching to birds;
3, improve view.The various plants and flowers of planting on chinampa can obviously be improved water scenery, by reasonably combined, more can build special garden landscape waterborne;
4, wave absorbing revetment.Ecological floating island can form provide protection, the impact of subduing wave by opposite bank base.
Therefore, ecological floating island technology is gushed in reservoir, lakes and marhshes, river, or has the closed water areas such as the pond of view requirement to obtain development and application widely.
Existing ecological floating island product in China market at present, these products, generally using plastic foam as chinampa carrier, are above opened some holes, by plant " plantation " the inside.These products mainly contain following shortcoming in actual applications:
(1) lack power set, limited to contacting of water, cleaning action can not be given full play to;
(2) only utilize the effect of waterplant Root Absorption, can only reduce nitrogen in water, phosphorus, special microbe carrier is not set, its microbial film charge capacity is limited, is difficult to reduce organic pollutants content, cuts down COD, BOD etc.;
(3) can not improve oxygen in water concentration, be difficult to promote the self-purification of water body and improve aquatic Fish Survival environment;
(4) suitable kind of plant kind is too single, mainly concentrates on some large-scale emergents, and landscape effect can not get embodying, and the range of application on chinampa is subject to certain restrictions.
In general orientation, ecological floating island is divided into two classes: dry type ecological floating island and wet type ecological floating island.
Dry type ecological floating island refers to the root system of plant of planting on chinampa and does not directly contact the ecological floating island of water body, and does not apply at present at home substantially on dry type chinampa.Wet type ecological floating island refers to the root system of plant of planting on chinampa and directly touches the ecological floating island of water body, and this is the ecological floating island type being most widely used at present.
Domestic ecological floating island is all wet type chinampa at present, to plant various waterplant as main.Although the purifying water effect on wet type chinampa is better, make the landscape effect on chinampa can not get good embodiment because floristics is too single, the decontamination effect improving of plant is also difficult to be improved with replacing with simultaneously, is often the fittings in engineering of water treatment.
Dry type chinampa is because plant does not directly contact with water body, can cultivate large-scale woody, gardening plant, by different combinations of plant, form the good biology such as birds, the fish place of living, also beautified greatly view, but dry type chinampa also exists some problems simultaneously, the one, there is no the purification function of chinampa to water body, the 2nd, need regular manual watering, with the required moisture of supply plant-growth, greatly increase the cost of labor in later stage.General this large-scale dry type chinampa is to be made with concrete or polystyrene material.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problems of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of sun power microkinetic from pouring dry type ecological floating island, this type dry type chinampa is loaded with biologic packing material filtering system and sun power microkinetic irrigation system, not only inherit conventional dry chinampa abundanter advantage in the plant growing kind, make up again the defect of conventional dry chinampa aspect feedwater demand, water purification function, simultaneously, sun power microkinetic irrigation system can also promote water body circulation, increase Dissolved Oxygen in Water, have that plant is various, view is fine, the effective feature of water purification.
Technical solution of the present utility model is: a kind of sun power microkinetic is from pouring dry type chinampa, comprise buoyancy aid layer (1), filtering layer (4), every soil layer (5), overburden layer (6), sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) and plant (12), it is characterized in that: buoyancy aid layer (1), filtering layer (4), every soil layer (5), overburden layer (6) sets gradually from bottom to top, plant (12) is planted in overburden layer (6), buoyancy aid layer (1) central authorities are provided with pipeline through hole (2), the hydraulic pipe (10) of sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) is from the pipeline through hole (2) of buoyancy aid layer (1), filtering layer (4), every soil layer (5), overburden layer (6) passes to plant (12) more than height.
The buoyancy aid of described buoyancy aid layer (1) is made material and is adopted the one in PE, EPE or EVA foaming plate, and buoyancy aid surface is provided with some venting and water permeable apertures around central pipeline through hole.
The filter packing of described filtering layer (4) adopts urethane biochemical cotton.
Described every soil layer (5) every soil material adopt polypropylene non-woven fabric.
The earthing of described overburden layer (6) is selected organic humus soil, and thickness of earth covering is advisable to cover plant root.
Described sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) is mainly containing solar panel (8), water pump (9), hydraulic pipe (10) and shower nozzle (11) assembly, the bracing frame of solar panel (8) is loaded in above the buoyancy aid of buoyancy aid layer (1), the outstanding solid buoyancy aid at buoyancy aid layer (1) of water pump (9) below, hydraulic pipe (10) one end and water pump (9) are connected, and the other end is connected shower nozzle (11).
The beneficial effect that can obtain according to the utility model such scheme: the ecological floating island of making according to technical solutions of the utility model can be used for various types of natures or manmade landscape, artificial landscape's water body, can plant terrestrial plant and waterplant, effectively promote water body circulation in region, increase oxygen in water, effectively reduce COD, BOD, SS, TN, TP etc., when enhancing landscape, reach the effect of water purification.
Adopt the sun power microkinetic that the utility model such scheme is made can reach following beneficial effect from pouring dry type chinampa:
Combined integratedization of plant cultivation system, filler filtering system and fountain irrigation system realized on this type dry type chinampa, and on landscape effect, plant gardening and Fountain Waterscape bring out the best in each other, and on water purification function, plant absorbs and filler filters collaborative laying equal stress on.
(1) this type dry type chinampa has loaded sun power microkinetic from irrigation system, and its propulsion source transforms from sunlight, save energy; The fountain type water outlet of its formation, strengthen the water scenery effect on chinampa, and in function, in the mode of water lift, sprinkling irrigation, by this not with dry type chinampa on the water body of plant contact transfer to root system of plant surface, both met the required moisture supply of plant normal growth, again the pollution elements such as the nitrogen phosphorus in water body had been carried out to absorption, absorption cleaning;
(2) this type dry type chinampa has loaded biologic packing material filtering system, and filler filtrating area can increase the surface-area of bio-contact oxidation, for the existence of multiple-microorganism provides adapt circumstance, promotes the growth and breeding of microbial population, accelerates the decomposition of pollution substance.This also makes to be further purified to the water body of filtering layer from overburden layer seepage flow, has promoted chinampa water purification effect;
(3) advantage on conventional dry chinampa has been inherited on this type dry type chinampa, can cultivate waterplant and terrestrial plant simultaneously, especially can cultivate large-scale Woody Horticultural Plants, enrich Plant Diversity, strengthen chinampa view, by the combined grow of Various Seasonal dominant plant, strengthen the purifying water effect on chinampa, improve the biologically stable on chinampa.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is application examples cross-sectional view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is application examples plan structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is that application examples of the present utility model is looked up structural representation.
1-buoyancy aid layer in figure, 2-pipeline through hole, 3-water flowing breather hole, 4-filtering layer, 5-is every soil layer, 6-overburden layer, 7-sun power microkinetic irrigation system, 8-solar panel, 9-water pump, 10-hydraulic pipe, 11-shower nozzle, 12-plant
Embodiment
The utility model is a kind of sun power microkinetic pouring dry type ecological floating island certainly, is shaped to example with circular appearance, and embodiment is as follows:
First, adopt the one in PE, EPE or EVA foaming plate, make the round-shaped float of diameter 1m, thickness 10cm, as buoyancy aid layer (1), offer the pipeline through hole (2) of a diameter 5cm in buoyancy aid centre, offer the venting and water permeable hole of several diameters 2cm around pipeline through hole (2) on buoyancy aid surface.The upper stickiness of buoyancy aid layer (1) is laid and is adopted the biochemical cotton filter packing of making of urethane, as filtering layer (4), go out to offer the pipeline through hole (2) of the biochemical cotton diameter 5cm of urethane in the cotton filter packing of urethane biochemistry central authorities, the biochemical cotton of urethane exchanges because its loose porous structure is conducive to gas-liquid, can promote beneficial microorganism growth and breeding, the pollution substances such as the organism that decomposition is flowed through in water body.The upper stickiness of filtering layer (4) lay adopt that polypropylene non-woven fabric makes every soil material, as every soil layer (5), go out to offer the pipeline through hole (2) of diameter 5cm at polypropylene non-woven fabric every soil material central authorities, cause that to filtering layer (4) the biochemical cotton filter packing of urethane stops up for preventing that earthing runs off.On soil layer (5), be equipped with machine humus soil, as overburden layer (5), its effect one is for plant provides fertility and nutriment, the 2nd, and set root system of plant makes its vertical growth.Sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) is mainly containing solar panel (8), water pump (9), hydraulic pipe (10) and shower nozzle (11) assembly, the bracing frame of solar panel (7) is fixed on above the buoyancy aid of buoyancy aid layer (1), the outstanding solid buoyancy aid at buoyancy aid layer (1) of water pump (9) below, hydraulic pipe (10) is from the pipeline through hole (2) of buoyancy aid layer (1), the pipeline through hole (2) of filtering layer (4), every the pipeline through hole (2) of soil layer (5), overburden layer (6) passes successively to plant (12) more than height, its one end and water pump (9) are connected, the other end is connected shower nozzle (11).Then, plant (12) is cultivated in overburden layer (6), formed a hover unit at this point.Finally, hover unit connects in flakes one by one, and pass through tractive, piling or the mode such as cast anchor by hover fixed and arranged in blocks in target waters, when absorbing sunlight, the solar panel (7) in sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) transforms driven by power water pump (9) work, water in target waters is through water pump (9) water lift, shower nozzle (11) ejection is delivered in hydraulic pipe (10) water delivery, form fountain sight, then shower nozzle (10) water outlet falls after rise to overburden layer (6), plant (12) Root Absorption moisture is grown required to meet self, pollution element in water is adsorbed simultaneously, absorption cleaning, not by plant (12) utilize remaining water from overburden layer (6) seepage flow to filtering layer (4), through holding back of filter packing in filtering layer (4), filtration is got back and is further purified, water after purification finally can be back to target waters by the water flowing breather hole (3) of buoyancy aid in buoyancy aid layer (1).

Claims (6)

1. a sun power microkinetic is from pouring dry type ecological floating island, comprise buoyancy aid layer (1), filtering layer (4), every soil layer (5), overburden layer (6), sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) and plant (12), it is characterized in that: buoyancy aid layer (1), filtering layer (4), every soil layer (5), overburden layer (6) sets gradually from bottom to top, plant (12) is planted in overburden layer (6), buoyancy aid layer (1) central authorities are provided with pipeline through hole (2), the hydraulic pipe (10) of sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) is from the pipeline through hole (2) of buoyancy aid layer (1), filtering layer (4), every soil layer (5), overburden layer (6) passes to plant (12) more than height.
2. a kind of sun power microkinetic according to claim 1 is from pouring dry type ecological floating island, it is characterized in that: the buoyancy aid of described buoyancy aid layer (1) is made material and adopted the one in PE, EPE or EVA foaming plate, and buoyancy aid surface is provided with some venting and water permeable apertures (3) around central pipeline through hole (2).
3. a kind of sun power microkinetic according to claim 1, from pouring dry type ecological floating island, is characterized in that: the filter packing of described filtering layer (4) adopts urethane biochemical cotton.
4. a kind of sun power microkinetic according to claim 1, from pouring dry type ecological floating island, is characterized in that: describedly adopt polypropylene non-woven fabric every soil layer (5) every soil material.
5. a kind of sun power microkinetic according to claim 1, from pouring dry type ecological floating island, is characterized in that: the earthing of described overburden layer (6) is selected organic humus soil, and thickness of earth covering is advisable to cover plant root.
6. a kind of sun power microkinetic according to claim 1 is from pouring dry type ecological floating island, it is characterized in that: described sun power microkinetic irrigation system (7) is mainly containing solar panel (8), water pump (9), hydraulic pipe (10) and shower nozzle (11) assembly, the bracing frame of solar panel (7) is loaded in above the buoyancy aid of buoyancy aid layer (1), the outstanding solid buoyancy aid at buoyancy aid layer (1) of water pump (9) below, hydraulic pipe (10) one end and water pump (9) are connected, and the other end is connected shower nozzle (11).
CN201420441691.4U 2014-08-07 2014-08-07 A kind of sun power microkinetic is from pouring dry type ecological floating island Active CN203999153U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105417849A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-23 河海大学 Bottom photocatalytic floating island suitable for still water lake
CN105850699A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-08-17 江苏静园环艺建设工程有限公司 Object-shaped integrated cultivating device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105417849A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-23 河海大学 Bottom photocatalytic floating island suitable for still water lake
CN105850699A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-08-17 江苏静园环艺建设工程有限公司 Object-shaped integrated cultivating device

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Effective date of registration: 20170220

Address after: 510330 Haizhuqu District, Guangdong, Xingang East Road, No. 238, Hong Kong Residence Internazionale C building, room, room 602

Patentee after: Guangzhou Han Chao Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: Zuchongzhi road Kunshan city 215347 Suzhou City, Jiangsu province No. 1699 Industrial Technology Research Institute, 1510

Patentee before: Kunshan Han Chao Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model