CN202322497U - Multifunctional clear water carrier system - Google Patents

Multifunctional clear water carrier system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202322497U
CN202322497U CN2011203363314U CN201120336331U CN202322497U CN 202322497 U CN202322497 U CN 202322497U CN 2011203363314 U CN2011203363314 U CN 2011203363314U CN 201120336331 U CN201120336331 U CN 201120336331U CN 202322497 U CN202322497 U CN 202322497U
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China
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layer
water
carrier
ecological
chinampa
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011203363314U
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Chinese (zh)
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李兰
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Wuhan University WHU
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Wuhan University WHU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional clear water carrier system which is composed of a vegetation layer, a cultivation layer, a landscaping layer, a floating island layer and a macromolecular ecological base layer from top to bottom. The function is formed by the ecological recovery on the upper layer, the floating island layer on the middle layer and the biological recovery on the lower layer. The multifunctional clear water carrier system has the advantages of simple structure, easiness for operation and strong mobility, so that the system can be used in different scales of water domains, sewage treatment systems and household fish bowls.

Description

Multi-functional water purification carrier system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of multi-functional water purification carrier system, belongs to water pollution control and ecological engineering technology field
Background technology
In recent ten years, China's water pollution and eutrophication are aggravated day by day.Cause a series of environment such as drinking water safety, ecological security and ecological problem by water pollution and eutrophication and become the bottleneck of restriction Chinese society Economic development, thus strengthen China's river,lake and reservior water resources protection with administer extremely urgent.
At present, the research focus of the eutrophication control of water body in lake concentrates on the control techniques to nutritive salt, and for example aquatic higher plant nutritive salt absorbs reparation, immobilized microorganism technique etc.
The main local endemic species such as pleuston, emergent and submerged plant that adopt in aquatic higher plant recovery technique are through the nutritive substance in the water bodys such as a large amount of absorbed nitrogens of the growth metabolism of plant self, phosphorus, absorption suspended particulate, inhibition algal grown, enriching heavy metal.
Immobilized microorganism technique is mikrobe to be fixed on make its highly dense on the carrier and keep its bioactive technology.Immobilized microorganism technique also more and more receives people's attention.
Biomembrance process in-situ treatment river and lake water quality and ecology recovering system are because treatment effect is good, and cost is low, and non-secondary pollution becomes the prefered method in the immobilized microorganism technique.Polluted river water is had repair begin since there being the people to find to be grown in microbial film on the pebbles, the microbial film water purification technology just gets into substantive research and application stage.
The ecological matrix product is invented by Japanese scientist's Ojima Zhao professor, and is applied to all over the world water ecological environment reparation and water contamination preventing field in 2006, is present natural, ecological property water technology product advanced in the world.
The utility model content
The technical problem that the utility model will solve provides a kind of carrier, and formation can be carried out Ecological Recovery of Water, middle level beautification of landscape and ecological matrix water purifying multifunctional carrier system of lower floor on the upper strata.
The technical scheme of the utility model is following:
A kind of multi-functional water purification carrier system from top to bottom is made up of vegetable layer, cultivation layer, beautification of landscape layer, chinampa layer and the ecological basic unit of polymer five-layer structure successively; Said cultivation layer comprises the netted framework of Vilaterm, and the filler of plantation plant is filled in the polyethylene framework; Manual work is planted the cultivation layer to high waterplant or improvement terrestrial plant, constitutes vegetable layer; Artificial flower such as artificial lotus flower, emulation water lily etc. that various PU materials are made have constituted the beautification of landscape layer; Described chinampa layer is that PU material or Vilaterm are processed.
Described vegetable layer and cultivation layer, with the chinampa layer as support.Manual work is planted the cultivation layer to high waterplant or improvement terrestrial plant, is grown in the water surface of eutrophication water.Absorption, absorption and the rhizospheric microorganism of vegetable layer through plant root be to decomposition, mineralising and the plant assimilation of pollutent, cuts down nutritive salt and organism such as nitrogen in the eutrophication water, phosphorus, suppresses algal grown, purifies water.Both the embellishing surface view recovered the lake and reservoir ecosystem again, the effect of play restoration of the ecosystem, removing all contaminations in certain zone.
Described cultivation layer is various types of filler and polyethylene framework formations such as stone, soil, haydite, and these fillers are fixed in the polyethylene framework.As insert quartzy white stone at the cultivation layer, in the time of can preventing to water plant be spattered mud, influence attractive in appearance; Prevent disease; The Bai Shizi reflecting power is strong, can add intense light irradiation to a certain extent; Slow down soil water evaporation, help soil and flowers root and ventilate and draining.
The beautification of landscape layer is the artificial flower made of various PU materials such as emulation water lily, artificial lotus flower, emulation aquatic bird.When vegetable layer was withered, the beautification of landscape layer still can play the effect of embellishing surface view.
Described chinampa layer is that PU material or Vilaterm are processed.Be generally Polygons, preferably hexagonal.Described chinampa layer has the connection aperture.Through the splicing on chinampa, can carry out various water scenery design, can form various large-scale patterns waterborne.
Described ecological basic unit is the macromolecular fibre ecological matrix, is formed by fine macromolecular fibre silk boundling, and polyester, polymeric amide, Vestolen PP 7052 are fine, Vestolen PP 7052, polyvinyl acetal etc. are processed ecological matrix through carbonization, activation, bio-modification synthetic fibres.
The ecological basic unit of polymer is connected with the chinampa layer; Through huge specific surface area absorption nutrition; Various hydrobionts are to its surface in the attraction water; Ecological matrix surface can generate the dynamic biological film, apposition growth mikrobe and algae, thus these mikrobes and algae promotion eutrophication water carry out the effect that biofiltration and biotransformation play biological prosthetic.
Filamentary material provides huge specific surface area.All opening is at fiber surface for a large amount of micropores of its outer surface area, and in absorption and resolving, the molecular adsorption approach is short, and adsorbate can directly get into micropore, and this adsorbs for fiber fast, effectively utilizes micropore that condition is provided; Another characteristics are that the aperture is narrow, even aperture distribution, and what be exposed to fiber surface is 20A left and right sides micropore, and therefore, specific surface area is big, and pore is flourishing, and absorption property is high, and desorption rate is fast, can use more than ten years repeatedly.The every gram fiber of ecological matrix can be for the growth of mikrobe and algae etc. in the water, breed high energy provides about 950~1500 square metres attaching surface long-pending, thereby realizes the basic condition of high-effective microorganism group.This macromolecular fibre ecological matrix is non-corrosive, not mouldy and without putrefaction in water, and has affinity with mikrobe, is the good material of repairing the polluted water ecotope.
The fiber ecological matrix is positioned in the water; Various hydrobionts are to its surface in the planar water; As time goes on apposition growth mikrobe and algae are understood in the ecological matrix surface, and these mikrobes and algae play the keying action of biofiltration and biotransformation for eutrophication water.The organic pollutant that apposition growth mikrobe and algae are decomposed in the water body also provides C the source for plant plankton light and effect; Promote the quick breeding of plant plankton to absorb N a large amount of in the water body, P element simultaneously; Reduce nutrient concentrations in the water thereby reach, alleviate the purpose of body eutrophication.
Nitrogen, heavy metal element, Toxic etc. in the nitrification and denitrification effect of dependence mikrobe, the absorption of plant and the ecological matrix matrix adsorbed water body; Can be used for the removal of BOD, COD, TOC, nitrogen, phosphorus, color, stink, oil, phenol, Toxic, chlorine residue, heavy metal etc., play purifying water quality.
The utlity model has simple in structure, easy to operate, characteristics such as mobility is strong, and different scale waters, Sewage treatment systems, family's aquarium all can use, and be durable in use, and anti-pourability is strong, buoyancy good, and attractive in appearance and cost is low.The technology that adopts ecological floating island to combine with the thomel ecological matrix, the application aspect water treatment is boundless.Can be used for the removal of BOD, COD, TOC, nitrogen, phosphorus, color, stink, oil, phenol, Toxic, chlorine residue, heavy metal etc., is the preferential selection of basin water pollution control and lake eutrophication control.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 multifunctional carrier entire system structural representation,
Among the figure, 1---vegetable layer, 2---the cultivation layer, 3---the beautification of landscape layer, 4---the chinampa layer, 5---the ecological basic unit of polymer.
Fig. 2 beautification of landscape layer and chinampa layer structural representation.
Embodiment
The water purification multifunctional carrier system of the utility model is made up of for five layers vegetable layer, cultivation layer, beautification of landscape layer, chinampa layer and the ecological basic unit of polymer on the structure.
The polythene net of wherein said cultivation layer is that the effect of fostering has been played in the growth of plant, improves the surviving rate of waterplant seedling.
Said cultivation layer is dosed quartzy white stone filler and soil, when preventing to water plant is spattered mud, influences attractive in appearance; Prevent disease; The Bai Shizi reflecting power is strong, can add intense light irradiation to a certain extent; Slow down soil water evaporation, help soil and flowers root and ventilate and draining.
Described beautification of landscape layer and chinampa layer are made by urethane.The artificial flower material of beautification of landscape layer is mainly flexible resin, solidifying agent, mixture and tinting material.The size of chinampa layer can be floating with the carrier system that reaches the utility model or be suspended is standard.
The water purification multifunctional carrier system of the utility model; The restoration of the ecosystem part; Sorption through plant; The Degradation of root-zone microorganism, the absorption of plant, filtration and deposition, plant suppresses algal grown, regulate other biological kind and quantity etc. as the producer of the ecosystem is used for accomplishing the purification to eutrophication water.
The ecological basic unit of polymer has constituted the biological prosthetic part in the utility model carrier system, by forming through the fiber ecological matrix of overactivation and mikrobe modification.Fiber ecological matrix technology is to be core with the high-effective microorganism carrier, synchronous purification water quality and the species diversity of setting up water ecosystem.In a single day the fiber ecological matrix is positioned in the water; Various hydrobionts are to its surface in immediately can planar water; As time goes on apposition growth mikrobe and algae are understood in the ecological matrix surface, and these mikrobes and algae play the keying action of biofiltration and biotransformation for eutrophication water.
Its principle and mechanism are: it adopts the ecological matrix that has than bigger serface and capacity utilization as bio-carrier; Indigenous microorganism in the lake water (bacterium, fungi, algae, protozoon and metazoan etc.) is carried out effective enrichment, constitute the complicated ecosystem.Utilize the nitrated of mikrobe---denitrification, remove part nitrogen phosphorus nutrition element, with original be that aerobic-anaerobism of master, nitrated-denitrification condition expand whole water body to water-pedosphere face.Thereby progressively recover the good ecosystem of water body, long-time maintenance water quality is in the state of health.Microorganism system is through the organism in the metabolic water of decomposition of self; Eutrophy composition in the adsorbable water body of the mikrobe that grows on the fiber ecological matrix, and eutrophy such as nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, carbon are become separating/enriching, through different microbial processs; Transform into carbonic acid gas, water and nitrogen etc.; Thereby captured the required nutritive substance of blue-green algae growth, suppressed growing of blue-green algae, water quality improves gradually.
Lake water fruit lake is an example to the east of the embodiment 1, and concrete implementation method step is administered in lake eutrophication:
(1) the lake depth of water, velocity measurement;
(2) design vector arrangement;
(3) produce carrier;
(4) assembling carrier and ecological matrix combined system;
(5) select floristics, on carrier, plant plants and flowers etc.;
(6) design and arrange that multiple pattern is in being repaired water body;
(7) aeration aerating equipment being installed is that mikrobe and purification of water quality provide oxygen source;
(8) regularly detect by water quality, the hydrology and the species diversity of repairing water body and not repairing water body;
(9) analyze, estimate the effect that species diversity was administered and promoted in lake eutrophication.
After this programme is implemented, do not having to make organic contamination, eutrophication water body water quality improve a grade in 3~6 months under the new source of pollution input prerequisite from raw water quality.Toxic and heavy metal remove 20%.
Embodiment 2 is an example with family's aquarium, family's implementation method step of breeding fish:
(1) buys family's aquarium (1.5 long * 0.75 dark * 0.5 are wide) and aquarium fish broad variety, buy easy oxygenator simultaneously and be installed on the casing wall;
(2) design and production carrier, water cleaning systems is made up of aesthetic layer, chinampa layer, ecological matrix, or is made up of for five layers vegetable layer, cultivation layer, beautification of landscape layer, chinampa layer and the ecological basic unit of polymer;
(3) throw in 1~2 water purification vector product in family's aquarium;
(4) feed aquarium fish every other day one time;
(5) unite use with the small oxygen device;
(5) carrying out change of water quality detection and sight looks into;
(6) check the activity of fish.
After this programme was implemented, aquarium need not change water basically, can effectively keep fish active, and the conserve water resource reduces labour cost and conserves water expense.

Claims (5)

1. a multi-functional water purification carrier system from top to bottom is made up of vegetable layer, cultivation layer, beautification of landscape layer, chinampa layer and the ecological basic unit of polymer five-layer structure successively; Said cultivation layer comprises the netted framework of Vilaterm, and the filler of plantation plant is filled in the polyethylene framework; Manual work is planted the cultivation layer to high waterplant or improvement terrestrial plant, constitutes vegetable layer; The artificial flower that the PU material is made constitutes the beautification of landscape layer; Described chinampa layer is that PU material or Vilaterm are processed.
2. carrier system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described chinampa layer is a Polygons.
3. carrier system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described chinampa layer is hexagonal.
4. carrier system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described chinampa layer has the connection aperture.
5. carrier system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described ecological basic unit is the macromolecular fibre ecological matrix, is formed by macromolecular fibre silk boundling.
CN2011203363314U 2011-09-08 2011-09-08 Multifunctional clear water carrier system Expired - Fee Related CN202322497U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203363314U CN202322497U (en) 2011-09-08 2011-09-08 Multifunctional clear water carrier system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203363314U CN202322497U (en) 2011-09-08 2011-09-08 Multifunctional clear water carrier system

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102863125A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-01-09 常州大学 Strengthening treatment method of town heavily polluted river water in situ creatures
CN102863126A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-01-09 常州大学 Method for industrialized town polluted river water purification and water environment ecological restoration
CN105359947A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-03-02 上海水源地建设发展有限公司 Method for planting terrestrial crops in water
CN104355415B (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-07-06 北京大学 A kind of original position cuts down the biologic float bed of heavy metal pollution of water body

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102863125A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-01-09 常州大学 Strengthening treatment method of town heavily polluted river water in situ creatures
CN102863126A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-01-09 常州大学 Method for industrialized town polluted river water purification and water environment ecological restoration
CN105359947A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-03-02 上海水源地建设发展有限公司 Method for planting terrestrial crops in water
CN104355415B (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-07-06 北京大学 A kind of original position cuts down the biologic float bed of heavy metal pollution of water body

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120711

Termination date: 20200908

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee