CN103271229A - Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws - Google Patents

Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103271229A
CN103271229A CN 201310188504 CN201310188504A CN103271229A CN 103271229 A CN103271229 A CN 103271229A CN 201310188504 CN201310188504 CN 201310188504 CN 201310188504 A CN201310188504 A CN 201310188504A CN 103271229 A CN103271229 A CN 103271229A
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China
Prior art keywords
connects
compact
crop straws
band wheels
combination machine
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CN 201310188504
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王述洋
宫娜
谭文英
孙炳孝
崔金磊
杨笑天
苏君
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Northeast Forestry University
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Northeast Forestry University
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Application filed by Northeast Forestry University filed Critical Northeast Forestry University
Priority to CN 201310188504 priority Critical patent/CN103271229A/en
Publication of CN103271229A publication Critical patent/CN103271229A/en
Priority claimed from CN201410020827.9A external-priority patent/CN103749964B/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T50/00Aeronautics or air transport
    • Y02T50/60Efficient propulsion technologies, e.g. for aircraft
    • Y02T50/678Aviation using fuels of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws. At the present, the waste straws in farmlands can be only collected by workers because no special mechanical equipment is provided; however, in the busy autumn harvest season, farmers are busy in harvest preferentially and hardly have time to collect the straws. The full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for the field waste crop straws comprises a front-mounted straw automatic picking and pretreating system with an oil cylinder and a traveling base plate integration system, wherein the oil cylinder (12) is connected with a tined wheel (1); the tined wheel is connected with a cutting saw web wheel (2); the cutting saw web wheel is connected with a conveying auger (3); and the conveying auger is connected with a soil shaking and short-distance quick conveying mechanism (4) and a material inlet (5). The full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine is used for collecting, smashing and pressing the field waste crop straws.

Description

The field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine
Technical field
the present invention relates to a kind of field waste crop straws and automatically collect the compact formed combination machine of pulverizing.
Background technology
the stalk resource of the various forms in the fields of how being scattered from field, utilize the equipment of advanced automation to replace the artificial of costliness, carry out collecting automatically, efficiently and processing to high-density, reduce significantly stalk collection and and the manufactured goods logistics cost, be to make stalk resource can really realize key point and the bottleneck problem of industrialization, commercialization and high value added utilization.
after the ripe results of various crops, discarded stalk is usually simply cut off or is smashed rear arbitrarily shedding on ground, field, to by natural wind desiccation as early as possible, is convenient to post-processed or processing.The stalk that in the past these can be scattered picks up and is compressed packing and transporting, but, because compression ratio is little, logistics cost is high, and the spontaneous fermentation heating can occur owing to still having larger water content, causes stalk resource to rot and wastes.
stalk is the important by-products of crops, is about 1.1 times of its grain yield, and China's stalk output is more than 700,000,000 ton, removes various other utilizations, still has 400,000,000 tons of left and right to remain to be utilized.Heilongjiang Province's stalk output is more than 6,000 ten thousand tons, wherein 2/3 is discarded in farmland.During as results such as corn, wheats, generally by united reaper, completed, in the results process, its stalk is often smashed and is interspersed among in farmland by the hammer device that is placed in the united reaper bottom.If these stalks are for going back field, normal general needs 1/3 left and right, and remainder all needs to be used separately.
at present, collect these and discard the stalk in farmland, owing to there is no special mechanized equipment, can only rely on and artificially collect, still, in busy autumn harvest season, the peasant preferentially is busy with gathering in the crops crops, almost not free these stalks of collecting.Because stalk is very important biomass resource, a lot of enterprises, businessman wish its deep processing or efficient the utilization, but in highly busy autumn harvest season, be difficult to employ the leisure manpower to remove to collect stalk, even find the workman, daily wage is also very high, causes a ton straw collecting high cost, so that finally can't implement the commercialization utilization.Result causes selling of selling, cannot afford of use.
due to the timeliness requirement that the peasant ploughed under the pressure of the autumn, unwilling even morely spend again to carry out the straw-returning processing, therefore, the peasant have to carry out the most cheap burning disposal to the discarded stalk in field.As a result, not only these valuable stalk resources do not become wealth, its smog has caused environmental pollution on the contrary, and jeopardizes traffic and aviation safety.
chinese patent CN2382212Y discloses a kind of stalk cutting baler, the stalk cutting baler is that the two rolling depressors of straw utilization that will pick up directly carry out roll compacting, the moisture extruded before stalk does not have to cut off is very limited, does not often reach and directly carries out the desired water content of briquetting.
Summary of the invention
the purpose of this invention is to provide ground waste crop straws after field, a kind of farmland results full-automatic collection, pick up, tremble that soil, group saw cutting, orientation throw, coarse fodder is carried, fine powder is broken, dry materials, mould electrical heating and the systematization integrated technology such as compact formed and field waste crop straws brand-new, the full automatic combine mechanical device thereof automatically collect the compact formed combination machine of pulverizing.
described purpose is achieved by the following scheme:
a kind of field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, its composition comprises: with the forward type stalk automatic Picking of oil cylinder and pretreatment system, walking chassis integrated system, described oil cylinder connected nail gear, described spiked drum connects cut-out saw blade wheel, described cut-out saw blade wheel connects carries screw feeder, and soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance and charging aperture are trembled in described conveying screw feeder connection.
described field waste crop straws is automatically collected pulverizing-compact formed combination machine, also comprise pulverizing-drying-compact formed integral system, described pulverizing-compact formed integral system comprises conveyer belt, described conveyer belt connects described soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance trembled, described spiked drum connects the first band wheels, described the first band wheels connect the second band wheels, described the second band wheels connect described cut-out saw blade wheel, described the second band wheels connect the 3rd band wheels and the first chain wheel set, described the three the first chain wheel set connection reducers, described decelerator connects described the 3rd band wheels by universal coupling, described the 3rd band wheels connection for transmission axle.
described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described decelerator connects pulverizer by four-tape wheels, described pulverizer connects cyclone separator, described cyclone separator connects forming machine, the mould of described forming machine connects generator,, described generator connects diesel engine by the 5th band wheels, described diesel engine has the diesel engine output shaft, and described diesel engine output shaft connects described generator by described the 5th band wheels.
described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, also comprise biological particles automatic transport-scratch system, described biological particles automatic transport-scratch system comprises conveyer belt, described conveyer belt connects described forming machine, the described conveyer belt other end connects the finished granule storage box, and described finished granule storage box one side bottom connects front oil cylinder and rear oil cylinder.
described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described decelerator connects the second chain wheel set, described the second chain wheel set connects described diesel engine output shaft, described forming machine is contained on chassis, between described forming machine and described pulverizer, by the 6th band wheels, is connected.
described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described spiked drum connects adjusting nut, described adjusting nut connects tractor, described tractor connects baffle plate, diesel engine connects the vertical efferent duct of flue gas, the vertical efferent duct of described flue gas connects the horizontal efferent duct of flue gas, and the vertical efferent duct of described flue gas is equipped with the vertical output control valve of flue gas, and the horizontal efferent duct of described flue gas is equipped with the horizontal output control valve of flue gas.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
the present invention can will be scattered in ground various sizes and form, the stalk of moisture content below 25%-30% carries out automatic Picking, cut off, then be transported to vehicle rear, carry out further technique pulverizing, dry and the compressing and compacting moulding, in field, disposable stalk directly is processed into to compact formed granular fuel, the maximum functional moisture content can reach 25%, the granular fuel be compressed into, density is generally between 0.8-1.3, per hour can pick up compression and produce granular fuel 1.5-2t, whole vehicle only needs a people to control, solved agricultural stalk collection labor intensive large, the problem that conevying efficiency is low.
the present invention can quick pick-up, high density compressed, artificially collect in order to solution that the stalk cost is high, the mixed and disorderly volume of stalk is large, transportation difficulty, high in cost of production problem, can accelerate to advance traw economy, efficient and commercialization utilization, be conducive to alleviate resource constraint, alleviate environmental pressure, for solving stalk, burn in violation of rules and regulations problem, stablize the Agro-ecology balance all tool be of great significance.
the present invention can work while moving in field, at one stroke will discard stalk and make biological particles, the biomass compact forming processing that originally just can complete in factory is transferred to field, the production of living beings high density granular is settled at one go, for deep processing and utilization provides efficiently, the mode of production and technology at an easy rate.The highdensity biological particles directly transported from field, both can be used as electric heating or domestic fuel or feed and transported the various places sale to, also can be used as producing the cheap raw material of clean fuel liquid oil, realized relying on advanced technology and equipment, the economical and efficient ground stalk resource that field is discarded directly is transformed into the purpose of real wealth.
The accompanying drawing explanation
accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
accompanying drawing 2 is top views of accompanying drawing 1.
accompanying drawing 3 is to tremble the structural representation of soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance in accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2 with driven type.
accompanying drawing 4 is structural representations that accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2 middle rack rotary types are trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance.
accompanying drawing 5 is structural representations that accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2 middle rack slidingtypes are trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance.
The specific embodiment
elaborate the preferred embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
embodiment mono-
a kind of field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, as shown in accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2, its composition comprises: with the forward type stalk automatic Picking of oil cylinder and pretreatment system, walking chassis integrated system, described oil cylinder 12 connected nail gears 1, described spiked drum connects cut-out saw blade wheel 2, described cut-out saw blade wheel connects carries screw feeder 3, and soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short distance and charging aperture 5 are trembled in described conveying screw feeder connection.Forward type stalk automatic Picking and pretreatment system.
forward type stalk automatic Picking and pretreatment system mainly complete ground be scattered stalk automatic Picking, go earth and elementary pulverizing, to for raw material conveying onboard and further processing necessary basis is provided.
pulverizing-compact formed integral system is mainly used in that the stalk after elementary pulverizing is carried out to technique and pulverizes and compact formed processing, to obtain high-quality granular fuel (or feed).
the biomass compact forming particle that biological particles automatic transport-scratch system is mainly used in making is automatically collected and is delivered in the particle holding tank, realizes the interim temporary of product.
walking chassis integrated system, this system is an integrated single piece, self comprises steering, drive system and driving cabin etc., is mainly used in arranging and carrying above-mentioned subsystems, as a whole, no longer splits.
forward type stalk automatic Picking and pretreatment system, the stalk that is scattered in field can be collected automatically, and tentatively pulverize, the stalk that to tentatively pulverize by conveyer belt is sent to pulverizing-compact formed integral system, in this system, further pulverize, and completing compact formed processing, the biological particles be processed into is sent in biological particles automatic transport-scratch system and deposits temporarily by conveyer belt.Can disposable in field stalk directly be processed into to compact formed granular fuel by above-mentioned each system, the granular fuel be compressed into, general density, between 0.8~1.3, per hour can be picked up compression 1.5~2t, and whole vehicle only needs a people to control.This combination machine is the new machine of a kind of unprecedented, brand-new agricultural machinery, it has been arranged, can realize at one stroke full-automatic, overall process integrated of the discarded stalk in ground, field compact formed fuel or feed final goods from collecting, processing to be processed into, the problem of the bottleneck that solves that agricultural stalk utilizes at one stroke.
being used in conjunction with and rotation in opposite directions of spiked drum in forward type stalk automatic Picking and pretreatment system and cut-out saw blade, can, by being scattered in the stalk automatic Picking in field and larger-size stalk being carried out to preliminary pulverizing processing, facilitate the use conveyer belt and be carried.The stalk picking up system height adjustment mechanism that adjusting nut in this system and oil cylinder form, can the regulating nail gear, cut off saw blade wheel, baffle plate, charging aperture, conveying cage and automatically tremble the distance between native guiding mechanism and ground, can be suitable for the different physical features in field and landform.
embodiment bis-
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment mono-is, as accompanying drawing 1, shown in accompanying drawing 2, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, also comprise pulverizing-drying-compact formed integral system, described pulverizing-compact formed integral system comprises conveyer belt 6, described conveyer belt connects described soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance trembled, described spiked drum connects the first band wheels 14, described the first band wheels connect the second band wheels 15, described the second band wheels connect described cut-out saw blade wheel, described the second band wheels connect the 3rd band wheels 16 and the first chain wheel set 17, described the three the first chain wheel set connection reducers 20, described decelerator connects described the 3rd band wheels by universal coupling, described the 3rd band wheels connection for transmission axle 4-3.
embodiment tri-
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment bis-is, as accompanying drawing 1, shown in accompanying drawing 2, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described decelerator 20 connects pulverizer 21 by four-tape wheels 22, described pulverizer connects cyclone separator 8, described cyclone separator connects forming machine 28, the mould of described forming machine connects generator 32, described generator connects diesel engine 7 by the 5th band wheels 30, described diesel engine has diesel engine output shaft 18, described diesel engine output shaft connects described generator by described the 5th band wheels.
utilize the waste heat of the useless flue gas of diesel engine to carry out drying to the stalk of first pulverizing, by the material after smoking, it is flexible, is conducive to moulding.The chimney of diesel engine adopts the valve control form, at chimney, near pulverizer one side, draws on ,Tong road, Yi Getong road a valve is installed, and in the time will carrying out processing and forming, by the valve closing on chimney, opens the valve on a road simultaneously; Carry out processing and forming if do not need, by the valve open on chimney, close the valve on a road simultaneously.So, utilized the useless flue gas of diesel engine, improved again the quality of biological particles, killed two birds with one stone.
embodiment tetra-
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment tri-is, as shown in Figure 2, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, also comprise biological particles automatic transport-scratch system, described biological particles automatic transport-scratch system comprises conveyer belt, described conveyer belt 23 connects described forming machine, and the described conveyer belt other end connects finished granule storage box 24, and described finished granule storage box one side bottom connects front oil cylinder 27 and rear oil cylinder 26.The biological particles 25 of moulding is contained in the finished granule storage box
forming machine can be selected all kinds forming machine.With production capacity with lightweight, volume is little is advisable, and comprises that various flat-dies and ring touch forming machine.But with regard to flat die forming machine, select cone roll-type flat die forming machine energy consumption minimum, more straight roller forming machine can reduce 1/3~1/4.All briquette forming machine moulds all adopt electrical heating, and its energy is supplied with by external generator, can improve surface quality and the intensity of biological particles product, and shape-retaining ability is better.
embodiment five
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment bis-or embodiment tri-is, as shown in Figure 2, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described decelerator connects the second chain wheel set 19, described the second chain wheel set connects described diesel engine output shaft, described forming machine is contained on chassis 29, between described forming machine and described pulverizer, by the 6th band wheels 31, is connected.
embodiment six
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment mono-is, as shown in Figure 1, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described spiked drum connects adjusting nut 13, described adjusting nut connects tractor, described tractor connects baffle plate 11, diesel engine connects the vertical efferent duct of flue gas, the vertical efferent duct of described flue gas connects the horizontal efferent duct of flue gas, the vertical efferent duct of described flue gas is equipped with the vertical output control valve 10 of flue gas, and the horizontal efferent duct of described flue gas is equipped with the horizontal output control valve 9 of flue gas.
embodiment seven
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment mono-is, as shown in Figure 3, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, and described soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short distance trembled comprises that the band driven type trembles soil and tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short distance or tooth bar rotary type and tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance with the quick conveying mechanism of short distance or tooth bar slidingtype;
described with driven type tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short distance be mainly used in picking up and transmitting of the larger stalks of hardness such as corn, Chinese sorghum, described band driven type is trembled soil and is comprised power transmission shaft 4-3 with the quick conveying mechanism of short distance, described power transmission shaft connects upper belt-wheel 4-5 and lower belt wheel 4-6, on described, be with the described 4-5 of wheel all to be connected belt 4-2 with lower belt wheel 4-6, chassis 4-1 is picked up in described power transmission shaft connection, and the described chassis of picking up is connected and fixed axle 4-4.
picking up chassis is close to the ground and advances, the belt of belt wheel drive simultaneously constantly rotates backward, belt slightly exceeds and picks up chassis, by picking up the stalk that chassis and spiked drum pick up, carry backward fast, simultaneously, one fixed gap is arranged between belt, earth can be shaked off in walking process, guarantee the quality of following process raw material.Belt can select flat rubber belting, V-type band, cog belt etc. all can according to the difference of job requirement.
embodiment eight
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment seven is, as shown in Figure 4, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described tooth bar rotary type is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance, and to be mainly used in the hardness such as wheat, paddy rice little, the picking up and transmitting of the stalk that quality is light; Described tooth bar rotary type is trembled soil and is comprised and pick up chassis 4-1 with the quick conveying mechanism of short distance, the described chassis connection for transmission bent axle 4-8 that picks up, described driving crank connects upper belt-wheel 4-5, and described driving crank connects tooth bar 4-7 by gear, and the described chassis of picking up is connected and fixed axle 4-4.
the tooth bar rotary type is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance: it is little to be mainly used in the hardness such as wheat, paddy rice, the picking up and transmitting of the stalk that quality is light.Tooth bar under the driving of driving crank, carry out upper and lower before and after reciprocating, by picking up the stalk that chassis and spiked drum pick up, carry backward fast.Tooth on tooth bar can prevent that the hardness such as wheat, paddy rice are little, and the stalk that quality is light comes off from tooth bar.Profile of tooth on tooth bar, according to need of work, selects straight tooth-shaped, triangular tooth etc. all can.
embodiment nine
the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment seven is, as shown in Figure 5, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described tooth bar slidingtype is trembled soil and is mainly used in picking up and transmitting of the strip living beings such as mountain area branch with the quick conveying mechanism of short distance, described tooth bar slidingtype is trembled soil and is comprised and pick up chassis 4-1 with the quick conveying mechanism of short distance, the described chassis connection for transmission bent axle 4-8 that picks up, described driving crank connects upper belt-wheel 4-5, described driving crank connects tooth bar 4-7 by gear, the described chassis of picking up is connected and fixed axle 4-4, described tooth bar 4-7 connects described power transmission shaft, have chute 4-6 on described power transmission shaft.
the tooth bar slidingtype is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance: be mainly used in picking up and transmitting of the strip living beings such as mountain area branch.This mechanism's tooth bar utilizes driving crank that power is provided, and the form motion that front end adopts tooth bar to slide at chute, and lower slightly and tooth bar rear end, can pick up the branch of strip scattered on the ground and dead leaf well like this, and carry backward fast.Profile of tooth on tooth bar, according to need of work, selects straight tooth-shaped, triangular tooth etc. all can.
embodiment ten
the difference of the present embodiment and above-described embodiment is, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, described output shaft 18 is received decelerator 20 power shafts through chain transmission 19, through universal coupling, by power, through band, transmission 16 is sent to power transmission shaft 4-3 to the left end output shaft, soil and quick conveying mechanism 4 motions of short distance are trembled in drive, projecting shaft drives screw feeder 3 by chain transmission 17 and rotates, the external part of axle is loaded onto belt wheel, by band transmission 14 and band transmission 15, driving respectively cut-out saw blade wheel 2 and spiked drum 1 rotates in opposite directions, tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short distance under the driving of transmission shafts 4-3 simultaneously, upper belt-wheel 4-5 on it rotates, transmit rearward fast to cutting off saw blade and take turns 2 places picking up stalk that chassis 4-1 and spiked drum 1 pick up up, by cutting off saw blade wheel 2, the stalk of longer dimension is suitably shredded, so that conveyer belt 6 is carried backward, trembling soil picks up completing stalk with the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short distance, when transmitting rearward, earth can be shaked off, and play the effect of picking up guiding with pasting.
described oil cylinder 12 and adjusting nut 13 can be regulated stalk picking up system height overhead, to adapt to different physical features and landform.
described decelerator 20 right-hand member output shafts drive pulverizer 21 work through band transmission 22, the stalk that will send from conveyer belt 6 is further pulverized, the flue of diesel engine 7 is equipped with valve 10, at pulverizer, 21 charging aperture places arrange a pipeline with valve 9, utilize useless flue gas to carry out drying to stalk, the stalk of smoking through high-temperature flue gas, flexible, be easy to moulding.Pulverizing stalk after dry delivers to cyclone separator 8 sedimentations through pneumatic transporting and delivers to forming machine 28 and carry out compact formed processing, diesel engine right-hand member output shaft is passed to generator 32 by band transmission 30 by a part of power, generator 32 is received on the flat die disks of forming machine 28, for compact formed processing provides the temperature guarantee, it is the particle surface better quality of producing.The biological particles 25 be processed into is sent into storage temporarily in particle holding tank 24 through conveyer belt 23.Filled biological particles in particle holding tank 24 after, the thrust that can provide by oil cylinder 26 and oil cylinder 27, make particle holding tank 24 lateral turnovers, with the biological particles by its storage, pours in the haulage vehicle of reception.
described screw feeder 3 is designed on an axle be equipped with the two sections spirals that rotation direction is different in left and right, can realize that material is to the charging aperture 5 places transporting something containerized that is arranged in middle part.
embodiment 11
the difference of the present embodiment and above-described embodiment is, described field waste crop straws is automatically collected and pulverized compact formed combination machine, and described field waste crop straws is automatically collected the course of work of pulverizing compact formed combination machine,
output shaft 18 is received decelerator 20 power shafts through chain transmission 19, through universal coupling, by power, through band, transmission 16 is sent to power transmission shaft 4.3 to the left end output shaft, soil and quick conveying mechanism 4 motions of short distance are trembled in drive, projecting shaft drives screw feeder 3 by chain transmission 17 and rotates, the external part of axle is loaded onto belt wheel, by band transmission 14 and band transmission 15, driving respectively cut-out saw blade wheel 2 and spiked drum 1 rotates in opposite directions, tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short distance under the driving of transmission shafts 4.3 simultaneously, belt wheel 4.5 on it rotates, transmit rearward fast to cutting off saw blade and take turns 2 places picking up stalk that chassis 4.1 and spiked drum 1 pick up up, by cutting off saw blade wheel 2, the stalk of longer dimension is suitably shredded, so that conveyer belt 6 is carried backward.In this process, 11 pairs of mixed and disorderly stalks of baffle plate are blocked and are put together.Oil cylinder 12 and adjusting nut 13 can be regulated stalk picking up system height overhead, to adapt to different physical features and landform.Decelerator 20 right-hand member output shafts drive pulverizer 21 work through band transmission 22, the stalk that will send from conveyer belt 6 is further pulverized, the flue of diesel engine 7 is equipped with valve 10, at pulverizer, 21 charging aperture places arrange a pipeline with valve 9, utilize useless flue gas to carry out drying to stalk, the stalk of smoking through high-temperature flue gas, flexible, be easy to moulding.Pulverizing stalk after dry delivers to cyclone separator 8 sedimentations through pneumatic transporting and delivers to forming machine 28 and carry out compact formed processing, diesel engine right-hand member output shaft is passed to generator 32 by band transmission 30 by a part of power, generator 32 is received on the flat die disks of forming machine 28, for compact formed processing provides the temperature guarantee, be that particle surface quality and the intensity of production is better.The biological particles 25 be processed into is sent into storage temporarily in particle holding tank 24 through conveyer belt 23.Filled biological particles in particle holding tank 24 after, the thrust that can provide by oil cylinder 26 and oil cylinder 27, make particle holding tank 24 lateral turnovers, with the biological particles by its storage, pours in the haulage vehicle of reception.Above-mentioned each working portion and subsystem, all arrange, be arranged on chassis 29.
present embodiment is the exemplary illustration of this patent not to be limited to its protection domain; those skilled in the art can also carry out part to it and change; as long as no the Spirit Essence that exceeds this patent, all be considered as the replacement that is equal to this patent, all within the protection domain of this patent.

Claims (6)

1. a field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, its composition comprises: with the forward type stalk automatic Picking of oil cylinder and pretreatment system, walking chassis integrated system, it is characterized in that described oil cylinder connected nail gear, described spiked drum connects cut-out saw blade wheel, described cut-out saw blade wheel connects carries screw feeder, and soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance and charging aperture are trembled in described conveying screw feeder connection.
2. field according to claim 1 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, characterized by further comprising pulverizing-drying-compact formed integral system, described pulverizing-compact formed integral system comprises conveyer belt, described conveyer belt connects described soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance trembled, described spiked drum connects the first band wheels, described the first band wheels connect the second band wheels, described the second band wheels connect described cut-out saw blade wheel, described the second band wheels connect the 3rd band wheels and the one the first chain wheel set, described the three the first chain wheel set connection reducers, described decelerator connects described the 3rd band wheels by universal coupling, described the 3rd band wheels connection for transmission axle.
3. field according to claim 2 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that described decelerator connects pulverizer by four-tape wheels, described pulverizer connects cyclone separator, described cyclone separator connects forming machine, the mould of described forming machine connects generator, described generator connects diesel engine by the 5th band wheels, described diesel engine has the diesel engine output shaft, and described diesel engine output shaft connects described generator by described the 5th band wheels.
4. field according to claim 3 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, characterized by further comprising biological particles automatic transport-scratch system, described biological particles automatic transport-scratch system comprises conveyer belt, described conveyer belt connects described forming machine, the described conveyer belt other end connects the finished granule storage box, and described finished granule storage box one side bottom connects front oil cylinder and rear oil cylinder.
5. automatically collect and pulverize compact formed combination machine according to the described field of claim 2 or 3 waste crop straws, it is characterized in that described decelerator connects the second chain wheel set, described the second chain wheel set connects described diesel engine output shaft, described forming machine is contained on chassis, between described forming machine and described pulverizer, by the 6th band wheels, is connected.
6. field according to claim 1 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that described spiked drum connects adjusting nut, described adjusting nut connects tractor, described tractor connects baffle plate, diesel engine connects the vertical efferent duct of flue gas, the vertical efferent duct of described flue gas connects the horizontal efferent duct of flue gas, and the vertical efferent duct of described flue gas is equipped with the vertical output control valve of flue gas, and the horizontal efferent duct of described flue gas is equipped with the horizontal output control valve of flue gas.
CN 201310188504 2013-05-21 2013-05-21 Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws Pending CN103271229A (en)

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CN 201310188504 CN103271229A (en) 2013-05-21 2013-05-21 Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws
CN201410020827.9A CN103749964B (en) 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine
CN201420028347.2U CN203676024U (en) 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105666931A (en) * 2015-08-19 2016-06-15 海安匙鸣机械制造有限公司 Full-automatic straw smashing forming machine
CN105688744A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-22 浙江中源电气成套技术有限公司 Movable collection and granulation integrated system
CN108307810A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-24 张桂春 A kind of self-propelled type straw collection multipurpose all-in-one machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105666931A (en) * 2015-08-19 2016-06-15 海安匙鸣机械制造有限公司 Full-automatic straw smashing forming machine
CN105666931B (en) * 2015-08-19 2017-01-18 海安匙鸣机械制造有限公司 Full-automatic straw smashing forming machine
CN105688744A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-22 浙江中源电气成套技术有限公司 Movable collection and granulation integrated system
CN108307810A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-24 张桂春 A kind of self-propelled type straw collection multipurpose all-in-one machine
CN108307810B (en) * 2018-01-15 2019-03-12 张桂春 A kind of self-propelled type straw collection multipurpose all-in-one machine

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Application publication date: 20130904