CN203676024U - Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw - Google Patents

Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203676024U
CN203676024U CN201420028347.2U CN201420028347U CN203676024U CN 203676024 U CN203676024 U CN 203676024U CN 201420028347 U CN201420028347 U CN 201420028347U CN 203676024 U CN203676024 U CN 203676024U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chassis
compact
short circuit
tape handler
conveying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420028347.2U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王述洋
宫娜
谭文英
孙炳孝
崔金磊
杨笑天
苏君
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Northeast Forestry University
Original Assignee
Northeast Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN 201310188504 priority Critical patent/CN103271229A/en
Priority to CN201320277525 priority
Priority to CN201310188504.6 priority
Priority to CN201320277525.0 priority
Application filed by Northeast Forestry University filed Critical Northeast Forestry University
Priority to CN201420028347.2U priority patent/CN203676024U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203676024U publication Critical patent/CN203676024U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T50/00Aeronautics or air transport
    • Y02T50/60Efficient propulsion technologies, e.g. for aircraft
    • Y02T50/678Aviation using fuels of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The utility model discloses a full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw, belonging to the technical field of agricultural machinery and solving the problems of high labor consumption and low transportation efficiency during collection of agricultural straw. The combination machine comprises a front automatic straw picking preprocessing system, a grinding dense-forming integration system and an automatic biomass particle transportation temporary-storage system, wherein the front automatic straw picking preprocessing system is suspended on the front side of a frame of a travel chassis integration system; the grinding dense-forming integration system and the automatic biomass particle transportation temporary-storage system are mounted on a chassis of the travel chassis integration system from front to rear; the front automatic straw picking preprocessing system, the grinding dense-forming integration system and the automatic biomass particle transportation temporary-storage system are connected together through a transmission mechanism. The combination machine is used for full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming of the waste field crop straw.

Description

Field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural crop straw and collects pulverizing moulding combination machine, is specifically related to a kind of field waste crop straws and automatically collects the compact formed combination machine of pulverizing, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
How from field by the stalk resource of the various forms in the fields of being scattered, utilize the equipment of advanced automation to replace the artificial of costliness, carry out collecting automatically, efficiently and processing to high-density, reduce significantly stalk collection and and manufactured goods logistics cost, be to make stalk resource can really realize key point and the bottleneck problem of industrialization, commercialization and high value added utilization.
After the ripe results of various crops, discarded stalk is usually simply cut off or is smashed rear arbitrarily shedding on ground, field, to by natural wind desiccation as early as possible, is convenient to post-processed or processing.The stalk that in the past these can be scattered picks up and compresses packing and transporting, but because compression ratio is little, logistics cost is high, and owing to still having, spontaneous fermentation heating can occur compared with large water content, causes stalk resource to rot and wastes.
Stalk is the important by-products of crops, is about 1.1 times of its grain yield, and China's stalk output is more than 700,000,000 ton, removes various other and utilizes, and still has 400,000,000 tons of left and right to need to be utilized.Heilongjiang Province's stalk output is more than 6,000 ten thousand tons, wherein 2/3 is discarded in farmland.While results as corn, wheat etc., generally completed by united reaper, in results process, its stalk is often smashed and is interspersed among in farmland by the hammer device that is placed in united reaper bottom.If these stalks are for going back field, normal general needs 1/3 left and right, and remainder all needs to be used separately.
At present, collect these and discard the stalk in farmland, owing to there is no special mechanized equipment, can only rely on and artificially collect, still, in busy autumn harvest season, peasant is preferentially busy with gathering in the crops crops, almost not free these stalks of collecting.Because stalk is very important biomass resource, a lot of enterprises, businessman wish its deep processing or efficiently utilize, but in highly busy autumn harvest season, be difficult to employ leisure manpower to remove to collect stalk, even if find workman, daily wage is also very high, causes a ton straw collecting high cost, so that finally cannot implement commercialization utilization.Result causes selling of selling, cannot afford of use.
Due to the timeliness requirement that peasant ploughed under the pressure of the autumn, unwilling even morely spend again to carry out straw-returning processing, therefore, peasant have to carry out the most cheap burning disposal to the discarded stalk in field.As a result, not only these valuable stalk resources do not become wealth, its smog has caused environmental pollution on the contrary, and jeopardizes traffic and aviation safety.
Chinese patent CN2382212Y discloses a kind of stalk cutting baler, stalk cutting baler is that two the straw utilization picking up rolling depressors are directly carried out to roll compacting, the moisture extruding before stalk does not cut off is very limited, does not often reach and directly carries out the desired water content of briquetting.
Summary of the invention
The utility model collects in order to solve agricultural stalk the problem that labor intensive is large, conevying efficiency is low, and then provides a kind of field waste crop straws automatically to collect the compact formed combination machine of pulverizing.
The utility model in order to solve the problems of the technologies described above taked technical scheme is:
Field described in the utility model waste crop straws is automatically collected the compact formed combination machine of pulverizing and is comprised forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system, pulverize compact formed integral system, biological particles automatic transport scratch system and walking chassis integrated system, described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system hangs on the front side of walking chassis integrated system frame, pulverizing compact formed integral system and biological particles automatic transport scratch system is arranged on the chassis of walking chassis integrated system from front to back, forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system, pulverize compact formed integral system and biological particles automatic transport scratch system links together by transmission mechanism.
Preferred: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system comprises spiked drum, cut-out saw blade wheel, conveying auger, trembles soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, charging aperture, the 3rd tape handler, the second tape handler, the first tape handler and the first chain-drive mechanism;
Described spiked drum, cut off saw blade wheel and conveying auger front and rear suspension in the front side of walking chassis integrated system frame, tremble soil and be positioned at spiked drum with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, cut off the below of saw blade wheel and conveying auger, trembling soil is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the first tape handler with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, conveying auger is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the first chain-drive mechanism, the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the second tape handler, the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel is also connected with spiked drum by the 3rd tape handler, charging aperture is arranged on the rear in conveying auger stage casing.
Mainly complete ground be scattered stalk automatic Picking, go earth and elementary pulverizing, to for conveying onboard of raw material and further processing necessary basis is provided.
Preferred: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system also comprises baffle plate, described baffle plate is arranged in the integrated system frame of walking chassis, and baffle plate is positioned at the back upper place of trembling soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit and charging aperture.So arrange, baffle plate blocks and puts together mixed and disorderly stalk.
Preferred: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system also comprises the first oil cylinder and adjusting nut, on the connector of spiked drum and walking chassis integrated system frame, be provided with adjusting nut, on the connector of cut-out saw blade wheel and the chassis integrated system frame of walking, be provided with the first oil cylinder.So arrange, the first oil cylinder and adjusting nut can regulate stalk picking up system height overhead, to adapt to different physical features and landform.
Preferred: described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit for band driven type tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis, belt, power transmission shaft, fixed axis and belt wheel, pick up and on chassis, be equipped with two power transmission shafts, two belt wheels are installed on each power transmission shaft, belt wheel is positioned at the gap of picking up chassis, belt wheel connects by belt, and the rear side that picks up chassis is connected with fixed axis, and the belt wheel of the first tape handler is arranged on power transmission shaft.
Band driven type is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit: be mainly used in picking up and transmitting of the larger stalk of the hardness such as corn, Chinese sorghum.
Preferred: described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit be tooth bar rotary type tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis, tooth bar, driving crank and fixed axis, pick up and on chassis, be equipped with two driving cranks, two driving cranks connect by two tooth bars, tooth bar is positioned at the gap of picking up chassis, the rear side that picks up chassis is connected with fixed axis, and the belt wheel of the first tape handler is arranged on driving crank.
Tooth bar rotary type is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit: it is little to be mainly used in the hardness such as wheat, paddy rice, the picking up and transmitting of the stalk that quality is light.
Preferred: described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit be tooth bar slidingtype tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis, tooth bar, driving crank, fixed axis and the axle with chute, pick up and on chassis, be equipped with from front to back axle and the driving crank with chute, tooth bar is for connecting axle and the driving crank with chute, tooth bar slides in chute, the rear side that picks up chassis is connected with fixed axis, and the belt wheel of the first tape handler is arranged on driving crank.
Tooth bar slidingtype is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit: be mainly used in picking up and transmitting of the strip living beings such as mountain area branch.
Preferred: the two sections of hands of spiral in described conveying auger left and right are contrary, and the left side hand of spiral is dextrorotation, and the right side hand of spiral is left-handed.So arrange, can realize material and assemble to the charging aperture place that is arranged in middle part.
Preferred: the compact formed integral system of described pulverizing comprises that the first conveyer belt, diesel engine, the second chain-drive mechanism, cyclone separator, decelerator, pulverizer, four-tape transmission mechanism, the 5th tape handler, forming machine, forming machine add thermoelectric perpetual motion machine;
Pulverizer and forming machine are arranged on the chassis of walking chassis integrated system, between pulverizer and forming machine, transmit material by cyclone separator, between pulverizer entrance point and charging aperture, transmit material by the first conveyer belt, diesel engine is arranged on the chassis of walking chassis integrated system, the output shaft of diesel engine is connected with the input of decelerator by the second chain-drive mechanism, an output of decelerator is connected with universal coupling, universal coupling with tremble soil be connected by the first tape handler with the power transmission shaft of the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, universal coupling is connected by the first chain-drive mechanism with conveying auger, universal coupling is connected by the second tape handler with the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel, another output of decelerator is connected with the motor of pulverizer by four-tape transmission mechanism, decelerator adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine by the 5th tape handler with forming machine and is connected, forming machine adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine for driving the flat die disks in forming machine.
Preferred: the compact formed integral system of described pulverizing also comprises is with valvular pipeline and valve, on the flue of described diesel engine, valve is installed, and pulverizer is by being with valvular pipeline to be connected with flue.So arrange, utilize useless flue gas to be dried stalk, the stalk of smoking through high-temperature flue gas, flexible, be easy to moulding.
Be mainly used in that the stalk after elementary pulverizing is carried out to technique and pulverize and compact formed processing, to obtain high-quality granular fuel (or feed).
Preferred: biological particles automatic transport scratch system comprises the second conveyer belt and particle holding tank, and particle holding tank is used for storing biological particles, the entrance point of particle holding tank is connected with the port of export of forming machine by the second conveyer belt.
Be mainly used in the biomass compact forming particle of making automatically to collect and be delivered in particle holding tank, realize the interim temporary of product.
Preferred: described biological particles automatic transport scratch system also comprises two the second oil cylinders, and two the second oil cylinders are housed on the left surface of described particle holding tank or right flank.So arrange, the thrust that oil cylinder provides, makes particle holding tank lateral turnover, so that the biological particles of its storage is poured in the haulage vehicle of reception.
The utility model compared with prior art has following effect:
The utility model can will be scattered in ground various sizes and form, the stalk of moisture content below 25%-30% carries out automatic Picking, cut off, then be transported to vehicle rear, carry out further technique pulverizing, dry and compressing and compacting moulding, in field, disposable stalk is directly processed into compact formed granular fuel, maximum functional moisture content can reach 25%, the granular fuel being compressed into, density is generally between 0.8-1.3, the compression production granular fuel 1.5-2t that picks up per hour, whole vehicle only needs people's manipulation, solve agricultural stalk collection labor intensive large, the problem that conevying efficiency is low.
The utility model can quick pick-up, high density compressed, artificially collect in order to solve that stalk cost is high, the mixed and disorderly volume of stalk is large, transportation difficulty, high in cost of production problem, can accelerate to advance traw economy, efficient and commercialization utilization, be conducive to alleviate resource constraint, alleviate environmental pressure, for solving in violation of rules and regulations burning problem of stalk, stablize Agro-ecology balance all tool be of great significance.
The utility model can be worked while moving in field, at one stroke will discard stalk and make biological particles, the biomass compact forming processing that originally just can complete in factory is transferred to field, living beings high density granular is produced and settled at one go, for deep processing and utilization provides efficiently, the mode of production and technology at an easy rate.The highdensity biological particles directly transporting from field, both can be used as electric heating or domestic fuel or feed and transported various places sale to, also can be used as producing the cheap raw material of clean fuel liquid oil, realized and relied on advanced technology and equipment, economical and efficient ground is directly transformed into stalk resource discarded field the object of real wealth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of trembling soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance with driven type;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that tooth bar rotary type is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that tooth bar slidingtype is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short distance.
In figure: 1-spiked drum, 2-cuts off saw blade wheel, 3-conveying auger, 4-trembles soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, 5-charging aperture, 6-the first conveyer belt, 7-diesel engine, 8-cyclone separator, the pipeline of 9-valve, 10-valve, 11-baffle plate, 12-the first oil cylinder, 13-adjusting nut, 14-the 3rd tape handler, 15-the second tape handler, 16-the first tape handler, 17-the first chain-drive mechanism, 18-output shaft, 19-the second chain-drive mechanism, 20-decelerator, 21-pulverizer, 22-four-tape transmission mechanism, 23-the second conveyer belt, 24-particle holding tank, 25-biological particles, 26-the second oil cylinder 28-forming machine, 29-chassis, 31-the 5th tape handler, 32-forming machine adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine, 41-picks up chassis, 42-belt, 43-power transmission shaft, 44-fixed axis, 45-belt wheel, 46-tooth bar, 47-driving crank, 48-is with the axle of chute, 161-the first tape handler belt wheel.
The specific embodiment
Elaborate with reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model preferred embodiment below.
The specific embodiment: the described field waste crop straws of present embodiment is automatically collected the compact formed combination machine of pulverizing and comprised forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system, pulverize compact formed integral system, biological particles automatic transport scratch system and walking chassis integrated system, described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system hangs on the front side of walking chassis integrated system frame, pulverizing compact formed integral system and biological particles automatic transport scratch system is arranged on the chassis of walking chassis integrated system from front to back, forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system, pulverize compact formed integral system and biological particles automatic transport scratch system links together by transmission mechanism.
Further: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system comprises spiked drum 1, cut-out saw blade wheel 2, conveying auger 3, trembles soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit, charging aperture 5, the 3rd tape handler 14, the second tape handler 15, the first tape handler 16 and the first chain-drive mechanism 17;
Described spiked drum 1, cut off saw blade wheel 2 and conveying auger 3 front and rear suspensions in the front side of walking chassis integrated system frame, tremble soil and be positioned at spiked drum 1 with the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit, cut off the below of saw blade wheel 2 and conveying auger 3, trembling soil is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the first tape handler 16 with the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit, conveying auger 3 is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the first chain-drive mechanism 17, the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel 2 is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the second tape handler 15, the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel 2 is also connected with spiked drum 1 by the 3rd tape handler 14, charging aperture 5 is arranged on the rear in conveying auger 3 stage casings.
Mainly complete ground be scattered stalk automatic Picking, go earth and elementary pulverizing, to for conveying onboard of raw material and further processing necessary basis is provided.
Further: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system also comprises baffle plate 11, described baffle plate 11 is arranged in the integrated system frame of walking chassis, and baffle plate 11 is positioned at the back upper place of trembling soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit and charging aperture 5.So arrange, baffle plate 11 blocks and puts together mixed and disorderly stalk.
Further: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system also comprises the first oil cylinder 12 and adjusting nut 13, on the connector of spiked drum 1 and walking chassis integrated system frame, be provided with adjusting nut 13, on the connector of cut-out saw blade wheel 2 and the chassis integrated system frame of walking, be provided with the first oil cylinder 12.So arrange, the first oil cylinder 12 and adjusting nut 13 can regulate stalk picking up system height overhead, to adapt to different physical features and landform.
Further: described in tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit 4 and tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit for band driven type, comprise and pick up chassis 41, belt 42, power transmission shaft 43, fixed axis 44 and belt wheel 45, pick up and on chassis 41, be equipped with two power transmission shafts 43, two belt wheels 45 are installed on each power transmission shaft 43, belt wheel 45 is positioned at the gap of picking up chassis 41, belt wheel 45 connects by belt 42, the belt wheel 161 that the rear side that picks up chassis 41 is connected with fixed axis 44, the first tape handlers 16 is arranged on power transmission shaft 43.
Further: described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit for tooth bar rotary type tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis 41, tooth bar 46, driving crank 47 and fixed axis 44, pick up and on chassis 41, be equipped with two driving cranks 47, two driving cranks 47 connect by two tooth bars 46, tooth bar 46 is positioned at the gap of picking up chassis 41, the belt wheel 161 that the rear side that picks up chassis 41 is connected with fixed axis 44, the first tape handlers 16 is arranged on driving crank 47.
Further: described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit for tooth bar slidingtype tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis 41, tooth bar 46, driving crank 47, fixed axis 44 and the axle 48 with chute, pick up and on chassis 41, be equipped with from front to back axle 48 and the driving crank 47 with chute, tooth bar 46 is for connecting axle 48 and the driving crank 47 with chute, tooth bar slides in chute, the belt wheel 161 that the rear side that picks up chassis 41 is connected with fixed axis 44, the first tape handlers 16 is arranged on driving crank 47.
Tremble three kinds of structures of soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit:
1. tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit with driven type: be mainly used in picking up and transmitting of the larger stalk of the hardness such as corn, Chinese sorghum.Picking up chassis is close to the ground and advances, belt wheel drives belt constantly to rotate backward simultaneously, belt slightly exceeds and picks up chassis, carry backward fast picking up the stalk that chassis and spiked drum pick up, simultaneously, between belt, there is a fixed gap, in walking process, earth can be shaked off, guarantee the quality of following process raw material.Belt can select flat rubber belting, V-type band, cog belt etc. all can according to the difference of job requirement.
2. tooth bar rotary type is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit: it is little to be mainly used in the hardness such as wheat, paddy rice, the picking up and transmitting of the stalk that quality is light.Tooth bar under the driving of driving crank, carry out upper and lower before and after reciprocating, carry backward fast picking up the stalk that chassis and spiked drum pick up.Tooth on tooth bar can prevent that the hardness such as wheat, paddy rice is little, and the stalk that quality is light comes off from tooth bar.Profile of tooth on tooth bar, according to need of work, selects straight tooth-shaped, triangular tooth etc. all can.
3. tooth bar slidingtype is trembled soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit: be mainly used in picking up and transmitting of the strip living beings such as mountain area branch.This mechanism's tooth bar utilizes driving crank that power is provided, and the form motion that front end adopts tooth bar to slide at chute, and lower slightly and tooth bar rear end, can pick up the branch of strip scattered on the ground and dead leaf well like this, and carry backward fast.Profile of tooth on tooth bar, according to need of work, selects straight tooth-shaped, triangular tooth etc. all can.
Further: two sections of 3 left and right of the described conveying auger hand of spiral is contrary, and the left side hand of spiral is dextrorotation, and the right side hand of spiral is left-handed.So arrange, can realize material and assemble to charging aperture 5 places that are arranged in middle part.
Further: the compact formed integral system of described pulverizing comprises that the first conveyer belt 6, diesel engine 7, the second chain-drive mechanism 19, cyclone separator 8, decelerator 20, pulverizer 21, four-tape transmission mechanism 22, the 5th tape handler 31, forming machine 28, forming machine add thermoelectric perpetual motion machine 32;
Pulverizer 21 and forming machine 28 are arranged on the chassis 29 of walking chassis integrated system, between pulverizer 21 and forming machine 28, transmit material by cyclone separator 8, between pulverizer 21 entrance points and charging aperture 5, transmit material by the first conveyer belt 6, diesel engine 7 is arranged on the chassis 29 of walking chassis integrated system, the output shaft 18 of diesel engine 7 is connected with the input of decelerator 20 by the second chain-drive mechanism 19, an output of decelerator 20 is connected with universal coupling, universal coupling with tremble soil be connected by the first tape handler 16 with the power transmission shaft 43 of the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit, universal coupling is connected by the first chain-drive mechanism 17 with conveying auger 3, universal coupling is connected by the second tape handler 15 with the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel 2, another output of decelerator 20 is connected with the motor of pulverizer 21 by four-tape transmission mechanism 22, decelerator 20 adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine 32 by the 5th tape handler 31 and forming machine and is connected, forming machine adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine 32 for driving the flat die disks in forming machine 28.
Further: the compact formed integral system of described pulverizing also comprises is with valvular pipeline 9 and valve 10, and valve 10 is installed on the flue of described diesel engine 7, pulverizer 21 is by being with valvular pipeline 9 to be connected with flue.So arrange, utilize useless flue gas to be dried stalk, the stalk of smoking through high-temperature flue gas, flexible, be easy to moulding.
Be mainly used in that the stalk after elementary pulverizing is carried out to technique and pulverize and compact formed processing, to obtain high-quality granular fuel (or feed).
Further: biological particles automatic transport scratch system comprises the second conveyer belt 23 and particle holding tank 24, particle holding tank 24 is for storing biological particles 25, and the entrance point of particle holding tank 24 is connected with the port of export of forming machine 28 by the second conveyer belt 23.
Be mainly used in the biomass compact forming particle of making automatically to collect and be delivered in particle holding tank, realize the interim temporary of product.
Further: described biological particles automatic transport scratch system also comprises two the second oil cylinders 26, two the second oil cylinders 26 are housed on the left surface of described particle holding tank 24 or right flank.So arrange, the thrust that oil cylinder provides, makes particle holding tank 24 lateral turnovers, so that the biological particles of its storage is poured in the haulage vehicle of reception.
The course of work:
The output shaft 18 of diesel engine 7 is received decelerator 20 power shafts through the second chain-drive mechanism 19, decelerator 20 is sent to power to tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit through the first tape handler 16 through universal coupling, drive is trembled soil and is moved with the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit, drive conveying auger 3 to rotate by the first chain-drive mechanism 17, the 3rd tape handler 14 and the second tape handler 15 drive respectively cut-out saw blade wheel 2 and spiked drum 1 to rotate in opposite directions, tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism 4 of short circuit under the first tape handler 16 drives simultaneously, transmit rearward fast to cutting off saw blade and take turns 2 places picking up stalk that chassis 41 and spiked drum 1 pick up up, by cutting off saw blade wheel 2, the stalk of longer dimension is suitably shredded, so that the first conveyer belt 6 is carried backward.In this process, baffle plate 11 blocks and puts together mixed and disorderly stalk.The first oil cylinder 12 and adjusting nut 13 can regulate stalk picking up system height overhead, to adapt to different physical features and landform.The output shaft of decelerator 20 drives pulverizer 21 to work through four-tape transmission mechanism 22, the stalk sending from the first conveyer belt 6 is further pulverized, the flue of diesel engine 7 is provided with valve 10, at pulverizer, 21 charging aperture places arrange a pipeline with valve, utilize useless flue gas to be dried stalk, the stalk of smoking through high-temperature flue gas, flexible, be easy to moulding.Pulverizing stalk after dry delivers to cyclone separator 8 sedimentations through pneumatic transporting and delivers to forming machine 28 and carry out compact formed processing, diesel engine right-hand member output shaft is passed to moulding by band transmission by a part of power and is added thermoelectric perpetual motion machine 32, moulding adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine 32 and receives on the flat die disks of forming machine, for compact formed processing provides temperature guarantee, be that particle surface quality and the intensity of production is better.The biological particles being processed into is sent into storage temporarily in particle holding tank 24 through the second conveyer belt 23.When having filled after biological particles in particle holding tank 24, the thrust that can provide by the second oil cylinder 26, makes particle holding tank 24 lateral turnovers, so that the biological particles of its storage is poured in the haulage vehicle of reception.Above-mentioned each working portion and subsystem, all arrange, be arranged on chassis 29.
The utility model is that field waste crop straws is automatically collected, tremble soil, group sawing is broken, automatically after, throw, fine powder is broken, drying and dehydrating, mould electrical heating, compact formed processing combination machine, the forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system of this combination machine, the stalk that is scattered in field can be collected automatically, and tentatively pulverize, by conveyer belt, the stalk of tentatively pulverizing is sent to and pulverizes compact formed integral system, in this system, further pulverize, and complete compact formed processing, the biological particles being processed into is sent in biological particles automatic transport scratch system and is deposited temporarily by conveyer belt.Can disposable in field stalk be directly processed into compact formed granular fuel by above-mentioned each system, the granular fuel being compressed into, general density is between 0.8 ~ 1.3, and maximum functional moisture content can reach 25%, compression 1.5 ~ the 2t that picks up per hour, whole vehicle only needs people's manipulation.This combination machine is the new machine of a kind of unprecedented, brand-new agricultural machinery, has had it, can solve at one stroke the problem of the bottleneck that agricultural stalk utilizes.
Realize at one stroke full-automatic, overall process integrated of the discarded stalk in ground, field final goods (compact formed fuel or feed) from collecting, processing to be processed into.
Being used in conjunction with and rotation in opposite directions of spiked drum in forward type stalk automatic Picking and pretreatment system and cut-out saw blade, can, by being scattered in the stalk automatic Picking in field and larger-size stalk being carried out to preliminary pulverizing processing, facilitate the use conveyer belt and carry.The stalk picking up system height adjustment mechanism of the adjusting nut in this system and oil cylinder composition, can regulating nail gear, cut off saw blade wheel, baffle plate, charging aperture, conveying auger and automatically tremble the distance between native guiding mechanism and ground, can be suitable for the different physical features in field and landform.
The utility model utilizes the waste heat of the useless flue gas of diesel engine to be dried the stalk of first pulverizing, and by the material after smoking, it is flexible, is conducive to moulding.The chimney of diesel engine adopts valve control form, draws Yi Getong road at chimney near pulverizer one side, and a valve is installed on Tong road, in the time will carrying out processing and forming, by the valve closing on chimney, opens the valve on a road simultaneously; Carry out processing and forming if do not need, by the valve open on chimney, close the valve on a road simultaneously.So, utilized the useless flue gas of diesel engine, improved again the quality of biological particles, killed two birds with one stone.
Roller in forming machine of the present utility model adopts the form of cone roller, has overcome straight roller forming machine energy consumption large, and the problem of serious wear adopts cone roller forming machine, and the more straight roller forming machine of energy consumption can reduce 1/3 ~ 1/4, has reduced moulding cost.In compact formed process, adopt the external form of thermoelectric perpetual motion machine to flat die disks heating that add simultaneously, can improve like this surface quality and the intensity of biological particles, shape-retaining ability is better.
Walking chassis integrated system: this system is farm tractor, is prior art, self comprises steering, drive system and driving cabin etc., is mainly used in arranging and carrying above-mentioned subsystems, as a whole, no longer splits.
Present embodiment is the exemplary illustration to this patent just, does not limit its protection domain, and those skilled in the art can also change its part, as long as no the Spirit Essence that exceeds this patent, all in the protection domain of this patent.

Claims (10)

1. field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it comprises walking chassis integrated system, it is characterized in that: combination machine also comprises forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system, pulverize compact formed integral system and biological particles automatic transport scratch system, described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system hangs on the front side of walking chassis integrated system frame, pulverizing compact formed integral system and biological particles automatic transport scratch system is arranged on the chassis of walking chassis integrated system from front to back, forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system, pulverize compact formed integral system and biological particles automatic transport scratch system links together by transmission mechanism.
2. field according to claim 1 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system comprises spiked drum (1), cuts off saw blade wheel (2), conveying auger (3), trembles soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4), charging aperture (5), the 3rd tape handler (14), the second tape handler (15), the first tape handler (16) and the first chain-drive mechanism (17);
Described spiked drum (1), cut off saw blade wheel (2) and conveying auger (3) front and rear suspension in the front side of walking chassis integrated system frame, tremble soil and be positioned at spiked drum (1) with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4), cut off the below of saw blade wheel (2) and conveying auger (3), trembling soil is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the first tape handler (16) with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4), conveying auger (3) is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the first chain-drive mechanism (17), the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel (2) is connected with the compact formed integral system of pulverizing by the second tape handler (15), the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel (2) is also connected with spiked drum (1) by the 3rd tape handler (14), charging aperture (5) is arranged on the rear in conveying auger (3) stage casing.
3. field according to claim 2 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: the compact formed integral system of described pulverizing comprises that the first conveyer belt (6), diesel engine (7), the second chain-drive mechanism (19), cyclone separator (8), decelerator (20), pulverizer (21), four-tape transmission mechanism (22), the 5th tape handler (31), forming machine (28), forming machine add thermoelectric perpetual motion machine (32);
Pulverizer (21) and forming machine (28) are arranged on the chassis (29) of walking chassis integrated system, between pulverizer (21) and forming machine (28), transmit material by cyclone separator (8), between pulverizer (21) entrance point and charging aperture (5), transmit material by the first conveyer belt (6), diesel engine (7) is arranged on the chassis (29) of walking chassis integrated system, the output shaft (18) of diesel engine (7) is connected with the input of decelerator (20) by the second chain-drive mechanism (19), an output of decelerator (20) is connected with universal coupling, universal coupling with tremble soil be connected by the first tape handler (16) with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4), universal coupling is connected by the first chain-drive mechanism (17) with conveying auger (3), universal coupling is connected by the second tape handler (15) with the rotating shaft of cutting off saw blade wheel (2), another output of decelerator (20) is connected with the motor of pulverizer (21) by four-tape transmission mechanism (22), decelerator (20) adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine (32) by the 5th tape handler (31) and forming machine and is connected, forming machine adds thermoelectric perpetual motion machine (32) for driving the flat die disks in forming machine (28).
4. field according to claim 3 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: biological particles automatic transport scratch system comprises the second conveyer belt (23) and particle holding tank (24), particle holding tank (24) is for storing biological particles (25), and the entrance point of particle holding tank (24) is connected with the port of export of forming machine (28) by the second conveyer belt (23).
5. field according to claim 2 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system also comprises baffle plate (11), described baffle plate (11) is arranged in the integrated system frame of walking chassis, and baffle plate (11) is positioned at the back upper place of trembling soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4) and charging aperture (5).
6. field according to claim 2 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: described forward type stalk automatic Picking pretreatment system also comprises the first oil cylinder (12) and adjusting nut (13), on the connector of spiked drum (1) and walking chassis integrated system frame, be provided with adjusting nut (13), on the connector of cut-out saw blade wheel (2) and the chassis integrated system frame of walking, be provided with the first oil cylinder (12).
7. according to claim 2, field waste crop straws described in 5 or 6 is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4) for band driven type tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis (41), belt (42), power transmission shaft (43), fixed axis (44) and belt wheel (45), pick up and on chassis (41), be equipped with two power transmission shafts (43), two belt wheels (45) are installed on each power transmission shaft (43), belt wheel (45) is positioned at the gap of picking up chassis (41), belt wheel (45) connects by belt (42), the rear side that picks up chassis (41) is connected with fixed axis (44), the belt wheel (161) of the first tape handler (16) is arranged on power transmission shaft (43),
Or described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4) for tooth bar rotary type tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis (41), tooth bar (46), driving crank (47) and fixed axis (44), pick up and on chassis (41), be equipped with two driving cranks (47), two driving cranks (47) connect by two tooth bars (46), tooth bar (46) is positioned at the gap of picking up chassis (41), the rear side that picks up chassis (41) is connected with fixed axis (44), the belt wheel (161) of the first tape handler (16) is arranged on driving crank (47),
Or described in tremble soil with the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit (4) for tooth bar slidingtype tremble soil and the quick conveying mechanism of short circuit, comprise and pick up chassis (41), tooth bar (46), driving crank (47), fixed axis (44) and with the axle (48) of chute, pick up and on chassis (41), be equipped with from front to back axle (48) and the driving crank (47) with chute, tooth bar (46) is for connecting axle (48) and the driving crank (47) with chute, tooth bar slides in chute, the rear side that picks up chassis (41) is connected with fixed axis (44), the belt wheel (161) of the first tape handler (16) is arranged on driving crank (47).
8. field according to claim 2 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: the two sections of hands of spiral in described conveying auger (3) left and right are contrary, and the left side hand of spiral is dextrorotation, and the right side hand of spiral is left-handed.
9. field according to claim 3 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: the compact formed integral system of described pulverizing also comprises is with valvular pipeline (9) and valve (10), valve (10) is installed on the flue of described diesel engine (7), and pulverizer (21) is by being with valvular pipeline (9) to be connected with flue.
10. field according to claim 4 waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine, it is characterized in that: described biological particles automatic transport scratch system also comprises two the second oil cylinders (26), two the second oil cylinders (26) are housed on the left surface of described particle holding tank (24) or right flank.
CN201420028347.2U 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw Expired - Fee Related CN203676024U (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201310188504 CN103271229A (en) 2013-05-21 2013-05-21 Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws
CN201320277525 2013-05-21
CN201310188504.6 2013-05-21
CN201320277525.0 2013-05-21
CN201420028347.2U CN203676024U (en) 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420028347.2U CN203676024U (en) 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203676024U true CN203676024U (en) 2014-07-02

Family

ID=50517419

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420028347.2U Expired - Fee Related CN203676024U (en) 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw
CN201410020827.9A Active CN103749964B (en) 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410020827.9A Active CN103749964B (en) 2013-05-21 2014-01-17 Field waste crop straws is automatically collected and is pulverized compact formed combination machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (2) CN203676024U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104126366A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-05 吕和永 Harvester for producing solid biomass fuel or fodder

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105082604A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-11-25 海安匙鸣机械制造有限公司 Novel fully-automatic straw smashing and forming machine
CN105103799A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-02 红安县红友机耕船有限公司 Efficient straw recycling machine
CN105289414A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-03 浙江中源电气成套技术有限公司 Movable-type biomass collection and granulation system
CN106718119B (en) * 2016-12-21 2019-08-16 东北林业大学 All-in-one machine is picked up, crushes and compressed to towed forest zone residue
CN111301944A (en) * 2020-02-25 2020-06-19 六安正辉优产机电科技有限公司 Separating mechanism for efficiently removing impurities from seeds subjected to tedding/drying dehydration
CN111285026A (en) * 2020-02-25 2020-06-16 六安正辉优产机电科技有限公司 Quick collection assembly convenient for seed storage
CN111302083A (en) * 2020-02-25 2020-06-19 六安正辉优产机电科技有限公司 Centralized rapid collecting machine beneficial to seed collection and storage

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201214658Y (en) * 2008-04-17 2009-04-01 江苏正昌粮机股份有限公司 Mobile stalk granular fuel processing set
CN201722355U (en) * 2010-03-30 2011-01-26 朱子良 Walking-type straw squeezing granulator
CN201799255U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-04-20 郑州金土地能源科技有限公司 Multifunctional biomass fuel grain forming machine
CN202054811U (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-11-30 江苏爱能洁新能源有限公司 Dustless-type straw press-forming production line
CN102191105B (en) * 2011-04-14 2013-06-05 江苏爱能洁新能源有限公司 Dust-free straw compression molding production line

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104126366A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-05 吕和永 Harvester for producing solid biomass fuel or fodder
CN104126366B (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-03-30 吕和永 For the production of the reaping machine of biomass solid fuel or feed

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103749964B (en) 2015-11-18
CN103749964A (en) 2014-04-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203676024U (en) Full-automatic collecting grinding dense-forming combination machine for waste field crop straw
CN203788716U (en) Self-propelled press baler for cutting, picking up and bundling straw stalks
CN101622927B (en) Device for picking up and bundling straw stalks
CN104641781A (en) Fresh ginger cleaning and quantitative packing and straw chopping and pressing combine harvester
CN103271229A (en) Full-automatic collection, smashing and compact forming combination machine for field waste crop straws
CN204948846U (en) Earth straw recycling handles car
CN104584772A (en) Self-propelled multifunctional straw harvesting grinder
CN201541474U (en) Self moving rice straw cutting, collecting and tying machine
CN204539930U (en) A kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester
CN206353991U (en) Harvesting apparatus and cotton stalk harvesting baler
CN202738452U (en) Wheat stubble straw re-harvesting and bundling combined machine
CN202565745U (en) Straw harvesting and crushing type baler
CN202799654U (en) Front-end straw bundling machine
CN204426010U (en) A kind of self-propelled multifunctional straw harvesting cracker
CN203136555U (en) Self-walking type corn harvesting and straw-bundling combined machine
CN209307928U (en) A kind of branch collection crushing sanitation cart of spiral feeding
CN203884222U (en) Self-propelled maize harvesting machine
CN104206124B (en) A kind of from collecting the removable stalk recycling machine of formula
CN207733281U (en) A kind of crushing of hay stalk, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine
CN203446215U (en) Self-propelled maize straw harvesting and bundling machine
CN109555055A (en) A kind of branch collection crushing sanitation cart of spiral feeding
CN201663812U (en) Miniature combine harvester
CN201860583U (en) Cotton stalk harvester
CN204796183U (en) Machine is stored up in step to belt type rice and wheat , straw
CN106922316A (en) Towed multipurpose crushed stalk side bale baler

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140702

Termination date: 20170117