CN103238567B - Barley pest breeding method and special device - Google Patents

Barley pest breeding method and special device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103238567B
CN103238567B CN201310155406.2A CN201310155406A CN103238567B CN 103238567 B CN103238567 B CN 103238567B CN 201310155406 A CN201310155406 A CN 201310155406A CN 103238567 B CN103238567 B CN 103238567B
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China
Prior art keywords
pupa
breeding
nest
grid
barley worm
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310155406.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103238567A (en
Inventor
石冬冬
张萍
杜毅峰
刘庆生
田园
范志影
赵新颖
王覃
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BEIJING CENTER FOR PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
Beijing Decheng Lihua Biological Science & Technology Co ltd
Feed Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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BEIJING CENTER FOR PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
Beijing Decheng Lihua Biological Science & Technology Co ltd
Feed Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201310155406.2A priority Critical patent/CN103238567B/en
Publication of CN103238567A publication Critical patent/CN103238567A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a barley pest breeding method and a special device. The breeding device is formed by a pupa nest and a breeding barrel. The pupa nest is obtained from that after a package of a fruiting fresh bacteria stick is taken out, the cylindrical bacteria stick is cut into round cakes 2-6cm in height by a cutter. The breeding barrel is made of stainless steel, or hard plastic, or wood or paper and comprises an outer sleeve, a sleeve bottom, grids and a pupa nest frame, the outer sleeve is a hollow cylindrical paper board sleeve with a rough inner wall, the diameter of the sleeve bottom is larger than that of the outer sleeve, the pupa nest frame is a cylindrical support arranged in the breeding barrel, the grids in multiple layers are arranged on the support at intervals of 3-10cm, protruding structures used for holding the grids are arranged on the support at intervals of 3-10cm, the grids are cylindrical and smaller than the outer sleeve in diameter, and transverse and upright crossed grid bars and grid holes formed by the grid bars are arranged on the grids. The barley pest breeding method and the special device have the advantages that breeding efficiency and quality can be improved, and breeding cost can be reduced.

Description

The propagation method of a kind of barley worm and special purpose device
Technical field
The present invention relates to propagation method and the device of a kind of insect, refer to especially propagation method and the special purpose device of a kind of barley worm, belong to biological technical field.
Background technology
It is with a long history that China develops resource insect, has been developed the insect that is applied to feed at present and mainly contained yellow mealworm, housefly, locust, silkworm chrysalis etc.In recent years, the barley worm of introducing from country in Southeast Asia, was widely used by protein sources as living body bait and feed.Barley worm Zophobas morio belongs to Insecta Insecta, coleoptera Coleoptera, TRenebrionidae Tenebrionidae.Barley worm has individual large, the features such as nutritive value height, so its demand at home and abroad is all increasing year by year.
Although the beginner of barley worm increases year by year, relatively less about the documents and materials of barley worm breeding and research is not deep enough at home and abroad, in breeding, many technical barriers are difficult to solve, thereby have affected the development of barley worm breeding industry.Wherein the breeding of barley worm is one of Major Difficulties in barley worm large-scale breeding.Barley worm has the habit that the mutual disability stronger than yellow mealworm takes food, larva does not generally pupate under high-density rearing, under low-density, indivedual larvas can pupate but easily by other larva, be stung food, therefore need catch out and put into separately rearing-box or every larva is put separately to people's teacup or plastic tube is pupated it very soon closing on the larva pupating.This modes of reproduction is labor intensive, material resources not only, and belong to people and pupate for forcing, and therefore exist pupation rate low, and the survival rate of pupa is low, the larva the breeding problem such as more serious of degenerating.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, an object of the present invention is to provide a kind of barley worm equipment for breeding, to solve, in prior art, manually force the variety of issue that brought of pupating, improve reproductive efficiency, reduce reproductive-cost.
For achieving the above object, the present invention proposes following technical scheme:
Barley worm equipment for breeding provided by the present invention, is comprised of pupa nest and breeding bucket two parts:
The preparation method of described pupa nest is as follows: after the packing of the fresh bacterium rod after fruiting is taken out, with cutting knife, columniform bacterium rod is cut into the cake that height is 2 ~ 6cm, is pupa nest.
The bacterium rod that described fresh bacterium rod is Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel, Xingbao mushroom, mushroom and an Asparagus after fruiting, this bacterium rod need contain 25% ~ 45% moisture, 5 ~ 10% protein, springy texture and homogeneous;
Described breeding bucket can be made by stainless steel, rigid plastics, timber or paper wood; It can be divided into outer sleeve, the cylinder end, pupa nest frame and grid four parts, and each several part is independent dismountable structure:
The cake of described pupa nest for being cut into by the fresh bacterium rod after fruiting;
Described outer sleeve is the cylindrical fiber core of inner wall coarse, hollow, and diameter (internal diameter) is R1 (R1=15 ~ 65 cm), and wall thickness is R2 (R2=0.2 ~ 1 cm), and cylinder is high is H1 (H1=5 ~ 150cm);
The described cylinder end is that diameter is slightly long compared with outer sleeve, has the cup dolly (R3=16 ~ 66 cm) of the high smooth barrel (inside and outside wall height is identical) for H2 (H2=5 ~ 10cm);
Described pupa nest frame is the support being arranged in breeding bucket, support is cylindrical (R4=13 ~ 63 cm, H3=5 ~ 150cm), support is provided with the grid that multilayer hangs, distance between grid and grid is 3 ~ 10cm, grid is dismountable, on support, every 3 ~ 10cm, is provided with for placing the bulge-structure of grid;
Described outer sleeve turn be located at tin at the bottom of and be enclosed within the outside of pupa nest frame; At the bottom of described pupa nest is set up in tin;
Described grid is circular, diameter is slightly less than outer sleeve (R5=16 ~ 66 cm), (grid is except being the pallet of placing pupa nest on grid, to have the grizzly bar anyhow intersecting and the grid hole being formed by the grizzly bar intersecting, the passage that its grid hole or insect creep, larva can be placed on by grid hole in the pupa nest of different layers in the past and creep).
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method of breeding barley worm.
The method of breeding barley worm provided by the present invention is to utilize above-mentioned barley worm equipment for breeding to breed.
The method specifically can comprise the steps:
The larva of barley worm, close on while pupating the phase, put it into the new method of breeding in the designed special-purpose equipment for breeding of the present invention, its step is as follows:
1) in the centre at the breeding bucket cylinder end, add after the wheat bran that the water content that 1 ~ 2cm is thick (percentage by weight) is 25% ~ 35%, polypide its colour changed into yellow and worm are grown up and put into wherein in the barley worm larva of 5cm (approach and pupate the phase), and the density of barley worm larva is about 1 ~ 2.5kg/m 2;
2) first the pupa nest preparing is first put into the middle part of one of them grid, then around the middle part of this grid, closely puts a circle pupa nest at the outer peripheral portion of this grid, then the grid that is well placed pupa nest is put on pupa nest frame successively;
3) the pupa nest frame that places grid is put into the cylinder end of breeding bucket, then outer sleeve is packaged;
4) after two weeks, entering maturing stage and being suitable for pupate (polypide its colour changed into yellow and worm grow up in 5cm) barley worm larva all by the bottom of cylinder and the barrel of outer sleeve enter into pupa nest, by edible pupa nest, produced the space of pupating independent, lucifuge to oneself and entered into resting state and start and pupate, the larva that is not suitable for pupating continues to be gathered in the cylinder end of wheat bran feed;
5) with the cylinder end that adult forage is housed, replaced to (original feed is larvae feeds the above-mentioned cylinder end that the larva that is not suitable for pupating is housed, so it is edible for the adult after sprouting wings well to need to change feed into adult forage after larva all pupates), through 2 ~ 3 weeks, barley worm pupa is sprouted wings into adult gradually, results adult (take food and carry out mating to the cylinder end under barrel); The fish meal that wherein said adult forage is 65% by wheat bran, protein content (percentage by weight), egg liquid (the ordinary student egg liquid of removing egg shell and stirring) are formulated according to the percentage by weight of 8:2:5.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
1, save reproductive-cost: this propagation method does not need manually to catch worm on the one hand, therefore saved cost of labor; On the other hand, the present invention does not need plastic bottle and little breeding box, only needs bacterium rod, and the price of a bacterium rod is suitable with three plastic bottles, and a bacterium rod can be used as the pupa nest of 40 ~ 50 larvas, so has greatly saved the cost of consumptive material;
2, improve reproductive efficiency: forcing the pupation rate while pupating is 70 ~ 85%, and the eclosion rate of pupa is 70 ~ 82%, and pupation rate of the present invention is up to 90 ~ 95%, and eclosion rate reaches 92 ~ 97%;
3, improved the quality of breeding: the adult sprouting wings with forced mode has 10 ~ 20% ateliosis, the short fertility of average life is poor, the larva the breeding problem such as more serious of degenerating; And this method more approaches barley worm in the breeding of occurring in nature, therefore there are not the phenomenons such as Adult Development is incomplete to occur, breeding quality is apparently higher than original method.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure 1A is the outer sleeve front view of breeding cylinder;
The cylinder end front view that Figure 1B is breeding cylinder;
Fig. 1 C is the pupa nest frame front view of breeding cylinder;
Fig. 1 D is the grid vertical view of breeding cylinder;
Fig. 2 is the disposing way vertical view of the pupa nest of barley worm equipment for breeding;
Fig. 3 is the overall structure figure of barley worm equipment for breeding.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1A, Figure 1B, Fig. 1 C, Fig. 1 D, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, barley worm equipment for breeding provided by the present invention, is comprised of pupa nest and breeding bucket two parts:
The preparation method of described pupa nest is as follows: after the packing of the fresh bacterium rod after fruiting (Beijing Heng Daxing Bacteria Co., Ltd.) is taken out, with cutting knife, columniform bacterium rod is cut into the cake that height is 5cm, is pupa nest.
Described fresh bacterium rod is a Pleurotus nebrodensis rod after fruiting, and this bacterium rod need contain 35% (percentage by weight) moisture, the protein of 7% (percentage by weight), springy texture and homogeneous;
Described breeding bucket is divided into outer sleeve, the cylinder end, grid and pupa nest frame four parts; And each several part is independent dismountable structure; Can be made by stainless steel, rigid plastics, timber or paper wood;
Described outer sleeve (papery) is diameter R1=42cm, wall thickness R2=0.5cm, and inner wall coarse, the cylindrical fiber core of hollow, specifically as shown in Figure 1A;
The described cylinder end (papery) diameter is R3=43cm, the thick 1cm in bottom, and the barrel of H2=5cm, wall thickness 0.5cm, inner wall smooth, specifically as shown in Figure 1B;
The support (stainless steel) of described pupa nest frame for placing in breeding bucket, support is cylindrical R4=41cm, support is provided with the grid that multilayer hangs, distance between grid and grid is 7cm, grid is dismountable, on support, every 7cm, be provided with bulge-structure, for placing grid, specifically as shown in Figure 1 C;
Described grid is circular (stainless steel), and diameter is R5=40cm, is the grizzly bar anyhow intersecting and the grid hole being comprised of the grizzly bar intersecting, on grid specifically as shown in Fig. 1 D;
And described outer sleeve turn be located at tin at the bottom of and be enclosed within the outside of pupa nest frame; At the bottom of described pupa nest is set up in tin.
Embodiment 2
The method of breeding barley worm provided by the present invention is to utilize above-mentioned barley worm equipment for breeding to breed.
The method specifically can comprise the steps:
Barley worm larva, close on while pupating the phase, put it into the new method of breeding in the designed special-purpose equipment for breeding of the present invention, its step is as follows:
(1) in the centre at the breeding bucket cylinder end, add after the wheat bran that the water content that 2cm is thick (percentage by weight) is 30%, polypide its colour changed into yellow and worm are grown up and put into wherein in the barley worm larva of 5cm (approach and pupate the phase), and the density of barley worm larva is about 2kg/m 2;
(2) first the pupa nest preparing is first put into the middle part of one of them grid, then around the middle part of this grid, closely puts a circle pupa nest at the outer peripheral portion of this grid, then the grid that is well placed pupa nest is put on pupa nest frame successively;
(3) support that places grid is put into the cylinder end of breeding bucket, then outer sleeve is packaged;
After (4) two weeks, entering maturing stage and the barley worm larva that is suitable for pupating all by the bottom of cylinder and the barrel of outer sleeve enter into pupa nest, by edible pupa nest, to oneself, produced the space of pupating independent, lucifuge, enter into resting state and start and pupate, the larva that is not suitable for pupating continues to be gathered in the cylinder end of wheat bran feed;
(5) with the cylinder end that adult forage is housed, replaced to (original feed is larvae feeds the above-mentioned cylinder end that the larva that is not suitable for pupating is housed, so it is edible for the adult after sprouting wings well to need to change feed into adult forage after larva all pupates), through 2 ~ 3 weeks, barley worm pupa is sprouted wings into adult gradually, results adult (it takes food and carry out mating to the cylinder end under barrel); The fish meal (commercially available) that wherein said adult forage is 65% by wheat bran (commercially available), protein content (percentage by weight), egg liquid (the ordinary student egg liquid of removing egg shell and stirring, wherein this egg is commercially available) are formulated according to the percentage by weight of 8:2:5.
The reproductive effect of barley worm equipment for breeding provided by the present invention:
Existing propagation technique is when carrying out the breeding of barley worm, all that workman catches to put into plastic bottle or little breeding box by mature larva with hand from breeding box,, a bottle of insect (box), experienced operator is per hour can only grab 300 ~ 350 larvas, and the larva being caught is forced to pupate in the situation that there is no feed.At the bread worm, it is 25 ℃, under the Reproduction Conditions of relative moisture 50%, forcing the pupation rate of pupating is 70 ~ 85%, the eclosion rate of pupa is 70 ~ 82%, after the larva that can not successfully pupate or sprout wings and pupa death, can only throw away, the adult sprouting wings with forced mode in addition has 10 ~ 20% ateliosis, the short fertility of average life is poor, the larva that the breeds problem such as more serious of degenerating.Therefore not only labor intensive material resources of this modes of reproduction, and breed of poor quality.In the temperature identical with above-mentioned breeding, under damp condition, utilize the present invention to carry out the breeding of barley worm, do not need manually to catch worm, do not need to buy a large amount of plastic bottles or little breeding box, raise at the cylinder end that only larva that approaches the phase of pupating need be put into breeding bucket, only have real sexually matured larva (polypide its colour changed into yellow and worm grow up in 5cm) just can automatically enter and in pupa nest, pupate and sprout wings, therefore enter the pupation rate of larva of pupa nest up to 90 ~ 95%, eclosion rate reaches 92 ~ 97%, because this method more approaches barley worm in the breeding of occurring in nature, therefore there are not the phenomenons such as Adult Development is incomplete to occur, breeding quality is apparently higher than original method.And the larva not pupating can be not dead yet, can be used as larva and proceed to sell, and therefore propagation method of the present invention not only can improve reproductive efficiency and quality, can also reduce reproductive-cost.
These are only the preferred embodiment that the present invention is cited, not in order to limit the scope of the invention, the those of ordinary skill in affiliated technical field uses the equivalence that the present invention does modify or change, all with belonging to scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a barley worm equipment for breeding, is characterized in that, pupa nest and breeding bucket two parts, consists of;
The cake of described pupa nest for being cut into by the fresh bacterium rod after fruiting;
Described breeding bucket is divided into outer sleeve, the cylinder end, pupa nest frame and grid four parts, and each several part is independent dismountable structure;
Described outer sleeve is cylindrical fiber core inner wall coarse, hollow; The described cylinder end, is diameter compared with overcoat tube length, has the cup dolly of smooth inner wall; Described pupa nest frame is the cylindrical stent being arranged in breeding bucket, and support is provided with multilayer and hangs and dismountable circular grid; And described outer sleeve turn be located at tin at the bottom of and be enclosed within the outside of pupa nest frame; At the bottom of described pupa nest is set up in tin.
2. barley worm equipment for breeding as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the preparation method of described pupa nest is as follows: after the packing of the fresh bacterium rod after fruiting is taken out, with cutting knife, columniform bacterium rod is cut into the cake that height is 2 ~ 6cm, is pupa nest.
3. barley worm equipment for breeding as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the bacterium rod that described fresh bacterium rod is Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel, Xingbao mushroom, mushroom and an Asparagus after fruiting, this bacterium rod need contain 25% ~ 45% moisture, 5 ~ 10% protein, springy texture and homogeneous.
4. barley worm equipment for breeding as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the diameter of described outer sleeve is 15 ~ 65 cm, and wall thickness is 0.2 ~ 1 cm, and cylinder is high is 5 ~ 150cm.
5. barley worm equipment for breeding as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the diameter at the described cylinder end is 16 ~ 66 cm; The height of described smooth inner wall is 5 ~ 10cm.
6. barley worm equipment for breeding as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the diameter of described pupa nest frame is 13 ~ 63 cm, and height is 5 ~ 150cm.
7. barley worm equipment for breeding as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, on described pupa nest frame, every 3 ~ 10cm, is provided with for placing the bulge-structure of grid.
8. barley worm equipment for breeding as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the diameter of described grid is 16 ~ 66 cm, and the distance between grid and grid is 3 ~ 10cm, and on grid, has the grizzly bar anyhow intersecting and the grid hole being formed by the grizzly bar intersecting.
9. application rights requires a method for the arbitrary described device breeding of 1-8 barley worm, it is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
1) at the cylinder of breeding bucket, add after the wheat bran that water content that 1 ~ 2cm is thick is 25% ~ 35% at the end, polypide its colour changed into yellow and worm are grown up and put into wherein in the barley worm larva of 5cm, the density of barley worm larva is 1 ~ 2.5kg/m 2;
2) first the pupa nest preparing is first put into the middle part of one of them grid, then around the middle part of this grid, closely puts a circle pupa nest at the outer peripheral portion of this grid, then the grid that is well placed pupa nest is put on pupa nest frame successively;
3) the pupa nest frame that places grid is put into the cylinder end of breeding bucket, then outer sleeve is packaged;
4) after two weeks, entering maturing stage and the barley worm larva that is suitable for pupating all by the bottom of cylinder and the barrel of outer sleeve enter into pupa nest, by edible pupa nest, produced the space of pupating independent, lucifuge to oneself and entered into resting state and start and pupate, the larva that is not suitable for pupating continues to be gathered in the cylinder end of wheat bran feed;
5) with the cylinder end that adult forage is housed, the above-mentioned cylinder end that the larva that is not suitable for pupating is housed is replaced, through 2 ~ 3 weeks, barley worm pupa was sprouted wings into adult gradually, results adult; Fish meal, egg liquid that wherein said adult forage is 65% by wheat bran, protein content are formulated according to the percentage by weight of 8:2:5.
CN201310155406.2A 2013-04-28 2013-04-28 Barley pest breeding method and special device Expired - Fee Related CN103238567B (en)

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101507423A (en) * 2009-03-16 2009-08-19 郭建新 Superworm factory scale cultivation method
CN101810154A (en) * 2010-03-31 2010-08-25 叶柱良 Method for industrially producing zophobas morio

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101507423A (en) * 2009-03-16 2009-08-19 郭建新 Superworm factory scale cultivation method
CN101810154A (en) * 2010-03-31 2010-08-25 叶柱良 Method for industrially producing zophobas morio

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开平8-205711A 1996.08.13
喻锦绣等.大麦虫的人工繁育技术.《湖南林业科技》.2011,第38卷(第1期),第51-52页.
大麦虫的人工繁育技术;喻锦绣等;《湖南林业科技》;20110228;第38卷(第1期);第55-56页 *
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马银娟.大麦虫饲养管理三要点.《农村百事通》.2011,(第17期),第55-56页.

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