CN103229891B - Method for producing protein feed by using cynomorium songaricum residues - Google Patents

Method for producing protein feed by using cynomorium songaricum residues Download PDF

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CN103229891B
CN103229891B CN201310145870.3A CN201310145870A CN103229891B CN 103229891 B CN103229891 B CN 103229891B CN 201310145870 A CN201310145870 A CN 201310145870A CN 103229891 B CN103229891 B CN 103229891B
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cynomorium songaricum
residues
protein feed
dregs
decoction
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CN103229891A (en
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叶文明
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for producing a protein feed by using cynomorium songaricum residues, and relates to a method for producing a protein feed by using traditional Chinese medicine residues, belonging to the field of utilization of traditional Chinese medicine residues. The protein feed is prepared from the following raw materials by weight percent: 94-96% of pretreated cynomorium songaricum residues, 5-6% of NaCl, 0.01% of plant ash, 0.025% of NaOH, 0.05% of sodium humate and 0.01% of sodium bicarbonate. The method has the beneficial effect of converting the waste cynomorium songaricum residues into the protein feed so as to decrease the pollution caused to the environment and providing a low-cost feed to the livestock and poultry; the cynomorium songaricum residues still contain a little effective constituents of traditional Chinese medicines, so that after the livestock and poultry eat the cynomorium songaricum residues, the effect of preventing and curing diseases is provided and the residual effective constituents in the residues are reasonably and fully utilized; and the method is simple in process, short in production cycle and beneficial for industrial production.

Description

A kind of cynomorium songaricum slag is produced the method for protein feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of producing protein feed with Chinese medicine slag, belong to the field that utilizes of Chinese medicine slag, specifically a kind of cynomorium songaricum slag is produced the method for protein feed.
Background technology
Solid state fermentation refers to utilize nature substrate to do carbon source and the energy, or utilizes inert substrate to do solid support, and its system is anhydrous or approach anhydrous any sweat, and microbial growth and the product that forms are all in stromal surface.
Application solid-state fermentation technology is produced protein feed, single cell protein and mycoprotein, the forage protein source of a large amount of high-qualitys not only can be provided, and can also develop the feed addictive with specific function, as microbial products such as active dry yeasr, active bacteria formulation, probiotics.Along with the development of animal husbandry, the demand of feed is originally larger.And the deficiency of Feed Manufacturing amount, especially protein feed has become global problems.In the face of the situation of feed resource critical shortage, in the urgent need to developing new protein feed resources.In protein feed develops, all take much count of the research of single cell protein both at home and abroad, actively utilize crop material to produce protein feed, meet the demand of feed industry, aquaculture, alleviate feed imbalance between supply and demand, the while also can solve straw, the dregs of a decoction burn the problem of environmental pollution causing.
The traditional Chinese medical science is the rarity in China's medical treasure-house, and but then, Chinese medicine used can produce a lot of Chinese medicine slags.Especially Chinese patent drug processing enterprise, must follow the appearance of a large amount of Chinese medicine slags in its drug production process, if process not in time, very easily rot smelly, to environment.
Along with the development of agricultural biotechnologies, with biotechnology particularly microorganism fermentation means process the dregs of a decoction, become feed stripped source, not only can promote the development of China's animal husbandry, and can improve agroecological environment, and realize making full use of of resource, turn waste into wealth.By market survey, the at present domestic research of carrying out solid-state fermentation protein feed stuff is fresh is report.The production line that carries out the solid-state fermentation protein feed stuff of state's mould industrialization production has become China's Agricultural Bio-industry Developmentization problem in the urgent need to address.
Summary of the invention
Object object of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of cynomorium songaricum slag to produce the method for protein feed, to widen the purposes of the cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction, the residue nutritional labeling in the dregs of a decoction is adequately and reasonably utilized.
For achieving the above object, a kind of cynomorium songaricum slag of the present invention is produced the method for protein feed, it is characterized in that: its processing step is as follows successively:
One, first the cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction are dried and make it be easy pulverizing state, then the dried cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction being crushed to granularity is 1.0~2.Omm;
Two, the mass ratio of solid matter and water is 2:1.8~1:1, solid matter is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion: the pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction 94~96%, NaCl 5~6%, plant ash 0.01%, NaOH 0.025%, sodium humate 0.05%, sodium bicarbonate 0.01%, above-mentioned NaCl, plant ash, NaOH, sodium humate, sodium bicarbonate are added to the water and are mixed, prepared solution is mixed with the pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction, the pH value of compound is controlled at 4.5~6.0 again;
Three, compound step 2 being made carries out sterilization treatment, and sterilizing adopts autoclaving, 1 standard atmospheric pressure of steam pressure, and temperature is to process 25~45min at 121 DEG C;
Four, the compound after sterilization treatment is fermented, bacterial classification is inoculated by 6~12% inoculum concentrations, fermentation condition: pressure is normal pressure, and temperature is 30~37 DEG C, and fermentation period is 4~7 days;
Five, be drying to obtain cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed, water content < 10% after having fermented.
Described dry mode has multiple, but preferably adopts the mode of drying, 45~60 DEG C of temperature, and pressure is normal pressure.
In described method, the bacterial classification of using when fermentation is by following weight proportion: carbohydrase: healthy and free from worry wood is mould: yeast cake powder=1:1:1.
In order to improve the palatability of cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed and the content of nutritional labeling, when batching, in every kilogram of cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed, add sodium glutamate 100~200g, inosine acid disodium 100~150g, corn flour 50~200g.
A kind of cynomorium songaricum slag of the present invention is produced the method for protein feed, its beneficial effect is: adopt the method for the invention, the discarded object cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction can be converted into protein feed, both reduce its pollution on the environment, can provide feed cheaply for livestock and poultry again; And owing to still containing a small amount of middle the effective elements of the medicine in the cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction, after therefore livestock and poultry eat, there is the effect of preventing and curing diseases, rationally and fully utilized the residue active ingredient in the dregs of a decoction; Technique of the present invention is simple, with short production cycle, is conducive to industrialization and produces.
Detailed description of the invention
Following examples are that the present invention further goes out to set forth.
Embodiment 1
One, first the cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction are dried, adopt the mode of drying, temperature 45 C, pressure is normal pressure, makes it be easy pulverizing state, then the dried cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction being crushed to granularity is 1.0mm;
Two, the mass ratio of solid matter and water is 2:1.8, solid matter is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion: pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction 96kg, NaCl 3.9kg, plant ash 0.01kg, NaOH 0.03kg, sodium humate 0.05kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.01kg, above-mentioned NaCl, plant ash, NaOH, sodium humate, sodium bicarbonate are added to the water and are mixed, prepared solution is mixed with the pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction, the pH value of compound is controlled at 4.5 again;
Three, compound step 2 being made carries out sterilization treatment, and sterilizing adopts autoclaving, 1 standard atmospheric pressure of steam pressure, and temperature is to process 25min at 121 DEG C;
Four, the compound after sterilization treatment is fermented, bacterial classification is mould 2% by carbohydrase 2%, healthy and free from worry wood, yeast cake powder 2% inoculum concentration is inoculated, fermentation condition: pressure is normal pressure, and temperature is 30 DEG C, fermentation period is 4 days;
Five, be dried after having fermented, adopt the mode of drying, temperature 45 C, pressure is that normal pressure obtains cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed, water content < 10%.
Embodiment 2
One, first the cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction are dried, adopt the mode of drying, temperature 45 C, pressure is normal pressure, makes it be easy pulverizing state, then the dried cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction being crushed to granularity is 1.0mm;
Two, the mass ratio of solid matter and water is 2:1.8, solid matter is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion: pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction 96kg, NaCl 3.9kg, plant ash 0.01kg, NaOH 0.03kg, sodium humate 0.05kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.01kg, above-mentioned NaCl, plant ash, NaOH, sodium humate, sodium bicarbonate are added to the water and are mixed, prepared solution is mixed with the pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction, the pH value of compound is controlled at 4.5 again;
Three, compound step 2 being made carries out sterilization treatment, and sterilizing adopts autoclaving, 1 standard atmospheric pressure of steam pressure, and temperature is to process 25min at 121 DEG C;
Four, the compound after sterilization treatment is fermented, bacterial classification is mould 2% by carbohydrase 2%, healthy and free from worry wood, yeast cake powder 2% inoculum concentration is inoculated, fermentation condition: pressure is normal pressure, and temperature is 30 DEG C, fermentation period is 4 days;
Five, be dried after having fermented, adopt the mode of drying, temperature 45 C, it is for subsequent use that pressure is that normal pressure obtains cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed, adds sodium glutamate 100, inosine acid disodium 100, corn flour 50 and make when batching in every kilogram of cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed.
Embodiment 3
One, first the cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction are dried and make it be easy pulverizing state, then the dried cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction being crushed to granularity is 2.Omm;
Two, the mass ratio of solid matter and water is 1:1, solid matter is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion: pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction 94kg, NaCl 5.9kg, plant ash 0.01kg, NaOH 0.03kg, sodium humate 0.05kg, sodium bicarbonate 0.01kg, above-mentioned NaCl, plant ash, NaOH, sodium humate, sodium bicarbonate are added to the water and are mixed, prepared solution is mixed with the pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction, the pH value of compound is controlled at 6.0 again;
Three, compound step 2 being made carries out sterilization treatment, and sterilizing adopts autoclaving, 1 standard atmospheric pressure of steam pressure, and temperature is to process 45min at 121 DEG C;
Four, the compound after sterilization treatment is fermented, bacterial classification is mould 3% by carbohydrase 3%, healthy and free from worry wood, yeast cake powder 3% inoculum concentration is inoculated, fermentation condition: pressure is normal pressure, and temperature is 37 DEG C, fermentation period is 7 days;
Five, be drying to obtain cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed, water content < 10% after having fermented.
In order to improve the palatability of cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed and the content of nutritional labeling, when batching, in every kilogram of cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed, add sodium glutamate 200g, inosine acid disodium 150g, corn flour 200g.
Experiment: (a kind of cynomorium songaricum slag of the present invention is produced protein feed) impact on pig feed intake
1. experimental design:
animal used as test and grouping: choose the health pig of the about 18kg of 80 body weight left and right, be divided into immediately 4 groups, 20, every group of two hurdle;
feeding and management: 30d is carried out in experiment, raises by pig farm usual manner.Experiment pig stable breeding.Every hurdle is raised 15, every gift morning, feeds once afternoon, and siccative powder free choice feeding, freely drinks water.When experiment starts and finishes, every group is carried out individuality and weighs, statistics feed intake.
The impact of table 1 on pig production performance
? Starting weight (kg) End heavy (kg) Weightening finish (kg) Average daily gain (g) Head is feed consumption g/D all Material anharmonic ratio
Control group 18.17 31.65 13.48 449 1093 2.43
Experimental group 17.89 32.78 14.89 496 1187 2.39
Learn according to experimental data: control group and experimental group relatively in, control group weightening finish 13.48kg; Experimental group weightening finish 14.89kg, experimental group is higher than control group, and per day weightening finish is also higher than control group, and therefore, a kind of cynomorium songaricum slag of the present invention is produced protein feed can replace conventional feed, and improves animal to the digesting and assimilating of nutriment, and promotes growth of animal.

Claims (1)

1. cynomorium songaricum slag is produced a method for protein feed, it is characterized in that: its processing step is as follows successively:
1. first the cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction are dried and make it be easy pulverizing state, then the dried cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction being crushed to granularity is 1.0~2.0mm;
2. the mass ratio of solid matter and water is 2:1.8~1:1, solid matter is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion: the pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction 94~96%, NaCl5~6%, plant ash 0.01%, NaOH0.025%, sodium humate 0.05%, sodium bicarbonate 0.01%, above-mentioned NaCl, plant ash, NaOH, sodium humate, sodium bicarbonate are added to the water and are mixed, prepared solution is mixed with the pretreated cynomorium songaricum dregs of a decoction, the pH value of compound is controlled at 4.5~6.0 again;
3. compound step 2 being made carries out sterilization treatment, and sterilizing adopts autoclaving, 1 standard atmospheric pressure of steam pressure, and temperature is to process 25~45min at 121 DEG C;
4. the compound after sterilization treatment is fermented, bacterial classification is inoculated by 6~12% inoculum concentrations, fermentation condition: pressure is normal pressure, and temperature is 30~37 DEG C, and fermentation period is 4~7 days;
5. after having fermented, be drying to obtain cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed;
6. for increasing palatability, 100 grams of sodium glutamates, 100 grams of inosine acid disodiums, 50 grams of corn flour will be added in above-mentioned every kilogram of cynomorium songaricum residue protein feed;
In described method, the bacterial classification of using when fermentation is by following weight proportion: carbohydrase: healthy and free from worry wood is mould: yeast cake powder=1:1:1.
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CN104012767A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-03 湖南中医药大学 Poultry feed containing angelica sinensis and preparation method and applications thereof
CN104012801A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-03 湖南中医药大学 Poultry feed containing callicarpa nudiflora and preparing method of poultry feed
CN104012768A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-03 湖南中医药大学 Livestock and poultry feed containing decoction of four noble drugs, and preparation method and application thereof
CN104171289B (en) * 2014-07-03 2017-05-17 甘肃天水岐黄药业有限责任公司 Method for preparing bacterial protein from desertliving cistanche dregs
CN108041284A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-05-18 广西中医药大学附属瑞康医院 A kind of method of Chinese medicine slag production protein feed

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