CN103216024A - Self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall system and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall system and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103216024A
CN103216024A CN2013101551628A CN201310155162A CN103216024A CN 103216024 A CN103216024 A CN 103216024A CN 2013101551628 A CN2013101551628 A CN 2013101551628A CN 201310155162 A CN201310155162 A CN 201310155162A CN 103216024 A CN103216024 A CN 103216024A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
self
building block
mortar
heat conserving
mould card
Prior art date
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CN2013101551628A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄靓
王天凤
王蓥
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株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN2013101551628A priority Critical patent/CN103216024A/en
Publication of CN103216024A publication Critical patent/CN103216024A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a self-heat-preservation mortar-free distributed steel block masonry shear wall system and a construction method of the self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall system. A self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall is made of self-heat-preservation mortar-free die clamping blocks (1), horizontal reinforcing bars (2), vertical reinforcing bars (3) and grout concrete. The self-heat-preservation mortar-free die card blocks (1) are connected through rabbets (4) and mortises (5) in a die card mode, and the vertical reinforcing bars (3) are arranged into vertical holes (6) formed by the self-heat-preservation mortar-free die card blocks, and the horizontal reinforcing bars (2) are arranged in horizontal holes (7) formed by the self-heat-preservation mortar-free die clamping blocks (1). The grout concrete is finally poured so as to form the self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall. The construction method of the self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall sequentially comprises the following steps of performing preparatory work, building blocks of the bottommost layer, building blocks of other layers, inserting the bars and pouring the concrete.

Description

A kind of self-heat conserving mortarless building block build shearing force wall system and job practices thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall and job practices thereof, belongs to the construction wall field.

Background technology

Concrete small size hollow building block has the effect that economizes the land resource, protects environment, beautifies dwelling house.Use mortar to carry out the building construction of masonry structure, in traditional solid brick construction, once brought into play very big positive effect.Concrete small size hollow building block produces so far, mainly continues to use mortar and builds this conventional method by laying bricks or stones.Yet because available coagulation soil small-sized hollow building block body of wall adopts mortar to build by laying bricks or stones, there are the following problems in actual use for it: (1) adopts mortar to build by laying bricks or stones, and construction technology is comparatively complicated.(2) adopt mortar to build by laying bricks or stones, the mortar that drops can reduce the masonry construction quality.(3) adopt mortar to build by laying bricks or stones, it is bigger influenced by construction environment.(4) adopt mortar to build by laying bricks or stones, to having relatively high expectations of maintenance.(5) adopt mortar to build by laying bricks or stones, strengthened engineering cost.For this reason, need seek a kind of new method, solve mortar and build a series of problems of bringing by laying bricks or stones.Simultaneously, in order to reach the building energy conservation target, this structure also needs to solve outer wall body insulation problem.Domestic building mainly adopts external wall outer insulation and exterior wall internal insulation to realize the energy-conservation of house at present, and these two kinds of exterior-wall heat insulation modes all exist critical defect.The shortcoming the most outstanding, most critical that external thermal insulation system exists be easy to crack, easily come off, poor durability, permeability difference and construction is complicated, the construction control difficulty is big, have the hidden danger that comes off.And also there is following shortcoming in exterior wall internal insulation: easy to crack, easy dewfall, easily mouldy, the construction difficulty, weak effect, account for a series of problems such as area, cost height.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides a kind of conduct oneself with dignity less, construction is rapidly fast, mechanical characteristic is good and self-heat conserving with better heat-insulating property and waterproof impervious characteristic does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall and job practices thereof.

In order to overcome the variety of issue of existing reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall and does not have the building block of mortar mould card, transverse reinforcement, vertical reinforcement and core grouted concrete by self-heat conserving and form, self-heat conserving does not have the building block of mortar mould card has increased tenon and the mortise that is used for the mould card on the basis of common building block, and increases the insulation layer that heat insulating material is arranged on one side.Self-heat conserving does not have between the building block of mortar mould card and carries out the mould card connection by tenon and mortise, do not have in the vertical hole that the building block of mortar mould card forms at self-heat conserving and to dispose vertical reinforcement, do not have in the horizontal hole that the building block of mortar mould card forms at self-heat conserving and to dispose transverse reinforcement, build core grouted concrete at last and form a kind of self-heat conserving mortarless building block build shearing force wall.

Above-mentioned self-heat conserving does not have the job practices of mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, and it comprises the steps: successively

(a) preparation: promptly self-heat conserving does not have the prefabricated preparation of mortar mould card building block, according to design drawing, manufacture self-heat conserving and do not have the building block of mortar mould card, building by laying bricks or stones before self-heat conserving do not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, to clear up the place, prepare the stacking of material.

(b) building by laying bricks or stones of bottom building block: after the levelling unwrapping wire, elder generation builds by laying bricks or stones the bottom that self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, the tenon and the mortise that self-heat conserving are not had the building block of mortar mould card carry out the mould card connection, in having the horizontal hole of mortar mould card building block, self-heat conserving do not place transverse reinforcement then, the self-heat conserving mortarless building block of the bottom will be reserved clean-out hatch, and clean-out hatch is used for cleaning the colligation of the chip and the vertical reinforcement of work progress.

(c) building by laying bricks or stones of other layer building block: self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall and adopts the fissure of displacement to build by laying bricks or stones, tenon and the mortise that self-heat conserving is not had the building block of mortar mould card carries out the mould card connection earlier, in having the horizontal hole of mortar mould card building block, self-heat conserving do not place transverse reinforcement then, in the horizontal mortar joint of two-layer building block up and down and perpends, plaster at last, do not have the modification of mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall to be used for self-heat conserving.

(d) joint bar and concreting: do not have in the vertical hole that the building block of mortar mould card forms at self-heat conserving and to insert vertical reinforcement, build core grouted concrete again, core grouted concrete must be used pea gravel concreten, uses the vibrating head vibration compacting after building core grouted concrete, should adopt the plug-in type mini vibrator.

The self-heat conserving that the present invention proposes does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall system and not only possesses common reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall saving steel, template, the advantage of construction costs etc., and be applicable to suitability for industrialized production, not only can ensure the quality of products in process of production, and can be bigger reduce production costs, in construction, exempt the technology of smearing mortar, exempted the cost of mortar, reduced artificial cost, reduction is to the requirement of execution conditions, improve wall construction speed and construction quality, this structure decrease in every construction technology to water, the energy, the waste of material etc. meets the requirement of green building.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 does not have the structural representation of mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall for self-heat conserving;

Fig. 2 does not have the bottom structural representation of mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall for self-heat conserving;

Fig. 3 does not have the structural representation of mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall for the part self-heat conserving;

Fig. 4 does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall structure schematic diagram for the self-heat conserving that inserts vertical reinforcement;

Description of reference numerals is as follows:

The 1-self-heat conserving does not have the building block of mortar mould card, 2-transverse reinforcement, 3-vertical reinforcement, 4-tenon, 5-mortise, the vertical hole of 6-, the horizontal hole of 7-, 8-clean-out hatch, 9-horizontal mortar joint, 10-perpends, 11-heat insulating material.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described in detail.

Embodiment 1:

Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of self-heat conserving mortarless building block build shearing force wall, comprise that self-heat conserving does not have mortar mould card building block 1, transverse reinforcement 2, vertical reinforcement 3 and core grouted concrete, self-heat conserving does not have between the mortar mould card building block 1 and carries out the mould card connection by tenon 4 and mortise 5, there is not configuration vertical reinforcement 3 in the vertical hole 6 that the building block of mortar mould card forms at self-heat conserving, do not have configuration transverse reinforcement 2 in the horizontal hole 7 that mortar mould card building block 1 forms at self-heat conserving, build core grouted concrete at last and form a kind of self-heat conserving mortarless building block build shearing force wall.

The construction of self-heat conserving mortarless building block build shearing force wall:

(a) preparation: promptly self-heat conserving does not have the prefabricated preparation of mortar mould card building block 1, according to design drawing, manufacture self-heat conserving and do not have mortar mould card building block 1, building by laying bricks or stones before self-heat conserving do not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, to clear up the place, prepare the stacking of material.

(b) building by laying bricks or stones of bottom building block: after the levelling unwrapping wire, elder generation builds by laying bricks or stones the bottom that self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, the tenon 4 and the mortise 5 that self-heat conserving are not had mortar mould card building block 1 carry out the mould card connection, do not have at self-heat conserving then and place transverse reinforcement 2 in the horizontal hole 7 of mortar mould card building block 1, the self-heat conserving mortarless building block of the bottom will be reserved clean-out hatch 8, owing to be that no mortar is built by laying bricks or stones, so the clean-out hatch of locating not is to be used to clean mortar, but be used for the colligation of vertical reinforcement 3.

(c) building by laying bricks or stones of other layer building block: self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall and adopts the fissure of displacement to build by laying bricks or stones, tenon 4 and the mortise 5 that self-heat conserving is not had mortar mould card building block 1 carries out the mould card connection earlier, do not have at self-heat conserving then and place transverse reinforcement 2 in the horizontal hole 7 of mortar mould card building block 1, in the horizontal mortar joint 9 of two-layer building block up and down and perpends 10, plaster at last, both having can be used for self-heat conserving does not have bonding between the mortar mould card building block 1, can be used for the modification that self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall yet.

(d) joint bar and concreting: do not have in the vertical hole 6 that mortar mould card building block 1 forms at self-heat conserving and to insert vertical reinforcement 3, build core grouted concrete again, core grouted concrete must be used pea gravel concreten, uses the vibrating head vibration compacting after building core grouted concrete, should adopt the plug-in type mini vibrator.

Claims (2)

1. a self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, it is characterized in that: shear wall does not have mortar mould card building block (1) by self-heat conserving, transverse reinforcement (2), vertical reinforcement (3) and grout concrete are formed, self-heat conserving does not have between the mortar mould card building block (1) and carries out the mould card connection by tenon (4) and mortise (5), do not have in the vertical hole (6) that the building block of mortar mould card forms at self-heat conserving and to dispose vertical reinforcement (3), do not have in the horizontal hole (7) that mortar mould card building block (1) forms at self-heat conserving and to dispose transverse reinforcement (2), build core grouted concrete at last and form a kind of self-heat conserving mortarless building block build shearing force wall.
2. a self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: successively
(a) preparation: promptly self-heat conserving does not have the prefabricated preparation of mortar mould card building block (1), according to design drawing, manufacture self-heat conserving and do not have mortar mould card building block (1), building by laying bricks or stones before self-heat conserving do not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, to clear up the place, prepare the stacking of material;
(b) building by laying bricks or stones of bottom building block: after the levelling unwrapping wire, elder generation builds by laying bricks or stones the bottom that self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall, the tenon (4) and the mortise (5) that self-heat conserving are not had mortar mould card building block (1) carry out the mould card connection, do not have at self-heat conserving then and place transverse reinforcement (2) in the horizontal hole (7) of mortar mould card building block (1), the self-heat conserving mortarless building block of the bottom will be reserved clean-out hatch (8), and clean-out hatch (8) is used for cleaning the colligation of the chip and the vertical reinforcement (3) of work progress;
(c) building by laying bricks or stones of other layer building block: self-heat conserving does not have mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall and adopts the fissure of displacement to build by laying bricks or stones, tenon (4) and the mortise (5) that self-heat conserving is not had mortar mould card building block (1) carries out the mould card connection earlier, do not have at self-heat conserving then and place transverse reinforcement (2) in the horizontal hole (7) of mortar mould card building block (1), in the horizontal mortar joint (9) of two-layer building block up and down and perpends (10), plaster at last, do not have the modification of mortar reinforcing bars building block build shearing force wall can be used for self-heat conserving;
(d) joint bar and concreting: do not have insertion vertical reinforcement (3) in the vertical hole (6) that mortar mould card building block (1) forms at self-heat conserving, build core grouted concrete again, core grouted concrete must be used pea gravel concreten, use the vibrating head vibration compacting after building core grouted concrete, should adopt the plug-in type mini vibrator.
CN2013101551628A 2013-04-30 2013-04-30 Self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall system and construction method thereof CN103216024A (en)

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Cited By (12)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103343582A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-09 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Novel insulation filler wall system and construction method thereof
CN103343583A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-09 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Novel block wall body system and construction method thereof
CN103741838A (en) * 2013-12-28 2014-04-23 北京工业大学 L-shaped column frame and built-in single row reinforcing bar light building block wall and preparation method
CN104153587A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-11-19 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 Assembly type construction method for reinforced building block masonry wall
CN104234232A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-24 绿建科技集团新型建材高技术有限公司 Inorganic and fireproof self-insulation system for semi-outer-wrapped cast-in-situ double-row combination building type wall
CN104264862A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN104278761A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-14 绿建科技集团新型建材高技术有限公司 Novel semi-outer wrapping double-row building type wall self thermal insulation system
CN104532985A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 河南众鼎智拓环保科技有限公司 Shear wall cast with tenon-and-mortise precast concrete blocks replacing formworks
CN104563329A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-04-29 顾世章 Load-bearing heat-preserving integrated shear wall structure
CN104790675A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-22 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 Reinforced concrete block masonry structure assemblage construction method
CN104831831A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 浙江省建工集团有限责任公司 Foam concrete-large-porosity shale brick outer wall and self heat insulation system construction method
CN106149489A (en) * 2014-11-14 2016-11-23 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall that masonry is formed is printed based on 3D

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CN101831970A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-09-15 黄靓 Integrally assembled wallboard wall and construction method thereof
CN102155059A (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-08-17 黄靓 Multi-row hole thermal insulation building block reinforcing bar masonry wall system
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US4075808A (en) * 1974-11-25 1978-02-28 Sanford Pearlman Building construction system using mortar-less modular building block elements
US4167840A (en) * 1978-07-19 1979-09-18 Ivany George R Reinforced masonry wall construction
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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103343583A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-09 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Novel block wall body system and construction method thereof
CN103343582A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-09 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Novel insulation filler wall system and construction method thereof
CN103741838B (en) * 2013-12-28 2016-04-06 北京工业大学 L shape column frame built-in single-row reinforcement light block body of wall and the practice
CN103741838A (en) * 2013-12-28 2014-04-23 北京工业大学 L-shaped column frame and built-in single row reinforcing bar light building block wall and preparation method
CN104153587A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-11-19 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 Assembly type construction method for reinforced building block masonry wall
CN105971159A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-09-28 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Masonry shell structure for 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN105971160B (en) * 2014-08-29 2019-01-04 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling
CN105908860B (en) * 2014-08-29 2018-05-25 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN105926802B (en) * 2014-08-29 2018-05-08 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN104264862B (en) * 2014-08-29 2017-01-11 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN105971160A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-09-28 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Method for preventing 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall being unshelled
CN104264862A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN105908861A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-08-31 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Reinforcing method for 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN105908860A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-08-31 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Reinforcing structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN105908862A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-08-31 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Manufacturing method for masonry shells in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN105926803B (en) * 2014-08-29 2019-01-04 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN105926803A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-09-07 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave and convex grains
CN105926804A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-09-07 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Reinforcement method of 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall
CN105926802A (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-09-07 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Reinforcement structure of 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN105908861B (en) * 2014-08-29 2019-01-04 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN104234232B (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-11-23 宁波晨熙节能环保科技有限公司 The cast-in-place double group of block type wall inorganic fireproofing heat preservation system of half outsourcing
CN104278761A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-14 绿建科技集团新型建材高技术有限公司 Novel semi-outer wrapping double-row building type wall self thermal insulation system
CN104234232A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-24 绿建科技集团新型建材高技术有限公司 Inorganic and fireproof self-insulation system for semi-outer-wrapped cast-in-situ double-row combination building type wall
CN104563329A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-04-29 顾世章 Load-bearing heat-preserving integrated shear wall structure
CN106149489B (en) * 2014-11-14 2018-02-06 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall formed based on 3D printing masonry
CN106149489A (en) * 2014-11-14 2016-11-23 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall that masonry is formed is printed based on 3D
CN104532985A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 河南众鼎智拓环保科技有限公司 Shear wall cast with tenon-and-mortise precast concrete blocks replacing formworks
CN104790675A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-22 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 Reinforced concrete block masonry structure assemblage construction method
CN104790675B (en) * 2015-04-15 2017-02-22 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 Reinforced concrete block masonry structure assemblage construction method
CN104831831A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 浙江省建工集团有限责任公司 Foam concrete-large-porosity shale brick outer wall and self heat insulation system construction method
CN104831831B (en) * 2015-05-07 2017-02-01 浙江省建工集团有限责任公司 Foam concrete-large-porosity shale brick outer wall and self heat insulation system construction method

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