CN105926803B - A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture - Google Patents

A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105926803B
CN105926803B CN201610301467.9A CN201610301467A CN105926803B CN 105926803 B CN105926803 B CN 105926803B CN 201610301467 A CN201610301467 A CN 201610301467A CN 105926803 B CN105926803 B CN 105926803B
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China
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shell
masonry
printing
concave convex
convex texture
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CN201610301467.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105926803A (en
Inventor
葛杰
马荣全
苗冬梅
白洁
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中国建筑第八工程局有限公司
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Priority to CN201410437931.8A priority Critical patent/CN104264862B/en
Priority to CN201610301467.9A priority patent/CN105926803B/en
Publication of CN105926803A publication Critical patent/CN105926803A/en
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Publication of CN105926803B publication Critical patent/CN105926803B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/20Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/26Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in all cavities in order to form a wall construction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y10/00Processes of additive manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y80/00Products made by additive manufacturing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0256Special features of building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0295Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is equal to the wall thickness

Abstract

The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture that the invention discloses a kind of, including the multiple masonry shells set are integrally formed and mutually folded using 3D printing and are poured in the concrete in multiple masonry shells;The surface of the masonry shell forms concave convex texture;The concave convex texture is formed in the inner surface of the masonry shell being in contact with the concrete.The present invention increases the inner surface of masonry shell and the contact surface in it between note concrete, increases frictional force, improve bond strength, avoid shelling phenomenon by forming concave convex texture in masonry case surface.

Description

A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture

The present invention is that application No. is a kind of 201410437931.8 Chinese patent application " 3D printing reinforced masonry shear walls The divisional application of structure and its construction method " (applying date: on 08 29th, 2014).

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shear wall more particularly to a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall knots with concave convex texture Structure.

Background technique

The high energy consumption of building material industry, high material-consumption, high pollution are to cause non-renewable resources interdependency height, natural money The main reason for source and big energy consumption.Therefore, realize that saving construction material reduces the object of construction industry by technological innovation Consumption, energy consumption reduce pollution of the construction industry to environment, be build a resource-conserving society with friendly environment society must It asks.

Traditional masonry structure resource consumption is big, and reinforced concrete structure is to offset the unfavorable shadow of concrete hardening bring The high phenomenons of the generally existing ratio of reinforcement such as sound, the homogenieity for improving concrete material, the ductility for improving structure.

Conventionally employed hollow masonry solid-walled structure is made up of multiple building blocks.First at the scene by building block according to Design requirement block-by-block is built, and building block vertical and horizontal arrangement of reinforcement is then configured in the block structure built, and fill in building block inner core Infuse concrete, the build shearing force wall structure of the reinforcing bars building block of formation.The structural system can be in masonry using the hollow feature of building block Inside pour the vertical and horizontal armored concrete stem to interpenetrate and collar tie beam, lintel etc. replace brick mix structure constructional column and Collar tie beam makes building have good globality, while bearing capacity with higher and anti-seismic performance.But this reinforcing bars building block is built Body shear wall structure needs scene to build, and labour's consumption is larger, and building the construction efficiency in house, it still needs further improvement.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall with concave convex texture Structure saves material, manpower, time cost etc. under the premise of guaranteeing quality and safety, meets green construction requirement.

In order to realize the above technical effect, the invention discloses a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall with concave convex texture Structure, including the multiple masonry shells set are integrally formed and mutually folded using 3D printing and are poured in multiple masonry shells Interior concrete;The surface of the masonry shell forms concave convex texture.

The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture, which is further improved, to be, the asperities Road is formed in the inner surface of the masonry shell being in contact with the concrete.

The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture, which is further improved, to be, outside the masonry The transverse steel being embedded in masonry shell when masonry shell described in 3D printing is equipped in shell and before pouring the concrete The vertical reinforcement being inserted in multiple masonry shells.

The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture, which is further improved, to be, outside the masonry Shell includes using integrally formed one first shell surface of 3D printing, one second shell surface and being connected to first shell surface and described second Two side shell surfaces of shell surface two sides, first shell surface are parallel to each other with second shell surface, first shell surface and described the Multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib is also connected between two shell surfaces.

The 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture, which is further improved, to be, the vertical steel Muscle is inserted between the adjacent skewed horizontal load rib in the masonry shell, and the transverse steel is set to the vertical reinforcement Outside, and the transverse steel is parallel to first shell surface and second shell surface, the both ends of the transverse steel are buried respectively In described two side shell surfaces.

The present invention due to use above technical scheme, make it have it is following the utility model has the advantages that

It is made of based on the reinforced masonry shear wall of 3D printing multiple mutually folded printing masonries set, by being set mutually folded Printing masonry in configure transverse steel and vertical reinforcement, and carry out concrete in the masonry shell that printing is formed and fill the heart, shape At a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure.The shell that 3D printing is formed is instead of original concrete small size hollow building Block enormously simplifies site operation labour, saves working procedure.

By the batch production printing to masonry shell, pre-buried wall transverse steel, avoids transverse steel in-site installation in advance Brought construction is inconvenient.Compared with traditional Reinforced Block Masonry Shear Wall Structure, which enormously simplifies working procedure, Construction efficiency is improved, and can guarantee construction quality, is conducive to building industrialization.

It is integrally formed masonry shell by using 3D printing technique, forms continuous asperities on the surface of masonry shell Road, increases the surface of masonry shell and the contact surface in it between note concrete increases friction compared to smooth surface Power improves bond strength, avoids shelling phenomenon.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is a kind of facade structures signal of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture of the present invention Figure.

Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the construction schematic diagram of first layer masonry shell of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the placement construction schematic diagram of transverse steel of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the construction schematic diagram of second layer masonry shell of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram after the completion of the multiple masonry shells stacking constructions of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

With reference to the accompanying drawing and specific embodiment the present invention is described in further detail.

Referring initially to shown in Fig. 1, a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure 10 with concave convex texture of the invention Mainly by multiple mutually folded masonry shells set, the transverse steel 12 and vertical reinforcement 13 of reinforced masonry shear wall, and pour It is constituted in the concrete (non-casting concrete in figure) in masonry shell.Cooperating shown in Fig. 2, masonry shell is in rectangular housing, Shape adaptation is in shear wall, including using integrally formed one first shell surface 111 of 3D printing, one second shell surface 112 and is connected to Two side shell surfaces 113 of 112 two sides of the first shell surface 111 and the second shell surface, the first shell surface 111 are parallel to each other with the second shell surface 112, And first is further connected with multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib 114 between shell surface 111 and the second shell surface 112, to reinforce masonry shell Structural strength.Concave convex texture 14 is formed on the surface for being made molding masonry shell of 3D printing technique, as shown in Figure 1, increasing The inner surface of masonry shell and the contact surface in it between note concrete has been added to increase frictional force compared to smooth inner surface, Bond strength is improved, shelling phenomenon is avoided.The transverse steel 12 of shear wall is parallel to the first shell surface 111 and the second shell surface 112, and the both ends of transverse steel 12 are embedded in respectively in two sides shell surface 113, using the pre-buried cross when masonry shell makes in advance , can be inconvenient to avoid brought construction is installed after transverse steel 12 to reinforcing bar 12, simplify construction.Vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in block Between adjacent skewed horizontal load rib 114 in body case, transverse steel 12 is set to the outside of vertical reinforcement 13.By being set mutually folded The masonry shell that is formed of printing in configure transverse steel and vertical reinforcement, and carry out coagulation in the masonry shell that printing is formed Soil fills the heart, forms a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure.In the structural system, 3D printing formed shell instead of Concrete small size hollow building block originally, enormously simplifies working procedure, improves construction efficiency, is conducive to building industrialization.

In conjunction with shown in Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, there is the 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure of concave convex texture for the production present invention Construction method, specific as follows:

A, pre- to transverse steel in the first layer masonry shell 11 ' of shear wall using 3D printing technique production shape adaptation It buries at absolute altitude, which includes using integrally formed one first shell surface 111 ' of 3D printing and a second shell Face 112 ', and two side shell surfaces of 112 ' two sides of the first shell surface 111 ' and the second shell surface are connected to, as shown in Figure 3;

B, twice transverse steel 12 is set in the top of first layer masonry shell 11 ', transverse steel 12 is parallel to first shell Face 111 ' and the second shell surface 112 ', the both ends of transverse steel 12 are embedded in respectively in two side shell surfaces, as shown in Figure 4;

C, second layer masonry shell 11 " is made in the top of first layer masonry shell 11 ' using 3D printing technique, makes transverse direction The both ends of reinforcing bar 12 are embedded in respectively between first layer masonry shell 11 ' and second layer masonry shell 11 ", as shown in Figure 5;

D, repeat the above steps b, c, constructs to the designed elevation of masonry shell, completes 3D printing and the arrangement of reinforcement of masonry shell Production;

E, above-mentioned steps a to d is repeated, completes the 3D printing and arrangement of reinforcement production of multiple masonry shells, and by multiple production The masonry shell of completion carries out the designed elevation for being stacked to shear wall, as shown in Figure 6;

F, in installing vertical reinforcement 13 in the masonry shell of heap poststack, vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in adjacent in masonry shell Between skewed horizontal load rib, the inside of transverse steel 12, as shown in Figure 1;

G, after the completion of 13 binding and fixing of vertical reinforcement, in casting concrete in the masonry shell of stacking, shear wall is completed Construction.

The present invention has been described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, those skilled in the art can be according to upper It states and bright many variations example is made to the present invention.Thus, certain details in embodiment should not constitute limitation of the invention, this Invention will be using the range that the appended claims define as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture, it is characterised in that: including using 3D printing one It the body formed and mutually folded multiple masonry shells set and pours in the concrete in multiple masonry shells;Outside the masonry The surface of shell forms concave convex texture, and the concave convex texture is formed in the interior table of the masonry shell being in contact with the concrete Face, for increasing the surface of masonry shell and infusing the contact surface between concrete in it, increasing friction force improves bond strength;
Further, the lateral steel being embedded in when masonry shell in masonry shell described in 3D printing is equipped in the masonry shell Muscle, and the transverse steel is buried when masonry shell described in 3D printing by following steps, comprising:
A. using 3D printing technique production shape adaptation in shear wall first layer masonry shell to transverse steel pre-buried absolute altitude Place;
B. transverse steel is set in the top of first layer masonry shell;
C. second layer masonry shell is made in the top of first layer masonry shell using 3D printing technique, makes the both ends of transverse steel It is embedded between first layer masonry shell and second layer masonry shell.
2. as described in claim 1 with the 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure of concave convex texture, it is characterised in that: described The vertical reinforcement being inserted in multiple masonry shells before pouring the concrete is additionally provided in masonry shell.
3. as claimed in claim 2 with the 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure of concave convex texture, it is characterised in that: described Masonry shell includes using integrally formed one first shell surface of 3D printing, one second shell surface and being connected to first shell surface and institute State two side shell surfaces of the second shell surface two sides, first shell surface is parallel to each other with second shell surface, first shell surface with Multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib is also connected between second shell surface.
4. as claimed in claim 3 with the 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure of concave convex texture, it is characterised in that: described Vertical reinforcement is inserted between the adjacent skewed horizontal load rib in the masonry shell, and the transverse steel is set to described vertical The outside of reinforcing bar, and the transverse steel is parallel to first shell surface and second shell surface, the both ends of the transverse steel It is embedded in described two side shell surfaces respectively.
CN201610301467.9A 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture CN105926803B (en)

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CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture

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CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof

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CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling

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CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof

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万科试水3D打印房屋 计划三年之后问世;时代周报;《http://fj.leju.com/news/2014-04-24/09064090120.shtml》;20140424;第1页"只要有图纸,大裤衩也能打出来",附图1

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CN105926804A (en) 2016-09-07
CN105926802B (en) 2018-05-08
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CN105926804B (en) 2018-02-06
CN105971160A (en) 2016-09-28
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CN105908861A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105908862B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105971159A (en) 2016-09-28
CN105908861B (en) 2019-01-04
CN104264862B (en) 2017-01-11
CN105908860B (en) 2018-05-25
CN104264862A (en) 2015-01-07

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