CN105926804A - Reinforcement method of 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall - Google Patents

Reinforcement method of 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105926804A
CN105926804A CN201610301524.3A CN201610301524A CN105926804A CN 105926804 A CN105926804 A CN 105926804A CN 201610301524 A CN201610301524 A CN 201610301524A CN 105926804 A CN105926804 A CN 105926804A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
masonry
shear
reinforcement
transverse steel
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CN201610301524.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105926804B (en
Inventor
葛杰
马荣全
苗冬梅
白洁
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中国建筑第八工程局有限公司
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Priority to CN201610301524.3A priority Critical patent/CN105926804B/en
Priority to CN201410437931.8A priority patent/CN104264862B/en
Publication of CN105926804A publication Critical patent/CN105926804A/en
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Publication of CN105926804B publication Critical patent/CN105926804B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/20Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/26Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in all cavities in order to form a wall construction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y10/00Processes of additive manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y80/00Products made by additive manufacturing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0256Special features of building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0295Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is equal to the wall thickness

Abstract

The invention discloses a reinforcement method of a 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall. The reinforcement method includes the steps that a, a first masonry shell layer is manufactured through 3D printing until reaching the pre-burying elevation position of transverse reinforcing steel bars; b, the transverse reinforcing steel bars are arranged on the top of the first masonry shell layer; c, a second masonry shell layer is manufactured on the top of the first masonry shell layer through the 3D printing technology, and the transverse reinforcing steel bars are buried in a masonry shell; d, the steps b and c are repeated until the masonry shells are completed; e, the steps a to d are repeated, and the multiple masonry shells are completed and overlaid until reaching the design elevation of the shear wall; f, vertical reinforcing steel bars are installed in the masonry shells; and g, concrete is poured, and construction of the shear wall is finished. Furthermore, inclined supporting ribs are arranged in the masonry shells. The masonry shells of a reinforced masonry are integrally formed through the 3D printing technology and replace original small hollow concrete building blocks, so that site operation manpower is greatly simplified, and the number of construction procedures is reduced.

Description

A kind of 3D prints the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall

The present invention is Chinese patent application " a kind of 3D printing arrangement of reinforcement block of Application No. 201410437931.8 Body shear wall structure and construction method thereof " divisional application of (applying date: on 08 29th, 2014).

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shear wall, particularly relate to a kind of 3D and print the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall.

Background technology

The high energy consumption of building material industry, high material-consumption, high pollution, be cause non-renewable resources interdependency high, Natural resources and the big main cause of energy consumption.Therefore, realize saving Building wood by technological innovation Material reduces the material consumption of building industry, energy consumption, reduces the building industry pollution to environment, is Resources for construction economizing type society Can be with the inevitable requirement of friendly environment society.

Traditional masonry structure resource consumption is big, and reinforced concrete structure is to offset concrete hardening to bring Adverse effect, improve the homogeneity of concrete material, improving the ductility etc. of structure, generally to there is the ratio of reinforcement high Phenomenon.

Conventionally employed hollow masonry solid-walled structure, is consisted of multiple building blocks.To build the most at the scene According to design, block requires that block-by-block is built, then configure building block vertical and horizontal arrangement of reinforcement in the block structure built, And at building block inner core concrete perfusion, the build shearing force wall structure of the reinforcing bars building block of formation.This structural system profit With the hollow feature of building block can pour inside masonry armored concrete stem stem that vertical and level interpenetrates with Collar tie beam, lintel etc. replace constructional column and the collar tie beam of brick mix structure, make building have good globality, with Time there is higher bearing capacity and anti-seismic performance.But this Reinforced Block Masonry Shear Wall Structure needs scene to build Building, labour force consumes relatively big, and the efficiency of construction building house need to improve further.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of 3D and prints the reinforcing side of reinforced masonry shear wall Method, saves material, manpower, time cost etc. on the premise of ensureing quality and safety, meets green and execute Work requirement.

For realizing above-mentioned technique effect, the invention discloses a kind of 3D and print the reinforcing side of reinforced masonry shear wall Method, including step:

A, employing 3D printing technique make the shape adaptation ground floor masonry shell in described shear wall to horizontal steel At the pre-buried absolute altitude of muscle;

B, transverse steel is set in the top of described ground floor masonry shell;

C, employing 3D printing technique make second layer masonry shell in the top of described ground floor masonry shell, make The two ends of described transverse steel are embedded in described ground floor masonry shell and described second layer masonry shell respectively In;

D, repetition step b, c, to the designed elevation of masonry shell, complete the making of masonry shell;

E, repetition step a to d, complete the making of multiple masonry shell, and stacked by multiple described masonry shells Designed elevation to shear wall;

F, in the multiple described masonry shell of heap poststack install vertical reinforcement;

G, in the multiple described masonry shell of heap poststack casting concrete, complete the construction of described shear wall;

Further, each layer described masonry shell includes one first shell using the printing integrated molding of 3D Face, one second shell face and be connected to the shell face, two sides in described first shell face and described second both sides, shell face, Described first shell face is parallel to each other with described second shell face, described first shell face and described second shell face it Between be also associated with multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib, the two ends of described transverse steel are embedded in said two side respectively In shell face.

Described 3D prints the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall and is further improved by, described masonry The surface of shell is formed with concave convex texture.

Described 3D print reinforced masonry shear wall reinforcement means be further improved by, described vertically Reinforcing bar is inserted between the adjacent described skewed horizontal load rib in described masonry shell, and described transverse steel sets In the outside of described vertical reinforcement, and described transverse steel is parallel to described first shell face and described second Shell face.

Due to the fact that and have employed above technical scheme so that it is have the advantages that

The reinforced masonry shear wall printed based on 3D is made up of, by phase the most folded multiple printing masonries set The most folded printing masonry set configures transverse steel and vertical reinforcement, and enters in printing the masonry shell formed Row concrete fills the heart, defines a kind of 3D and prints reinforced masonry shear wall structure.3D prints the housing formed and takes For original concrete small size hollow building block, enormously simplify site operation labour force, save construction work Sequence.

By the batch production of masonry shell is printed, the most pre-buried body of wall transverse steel, it is to avoid transverse steel is existing The construction inconvenience brought is installed in field.Compared with traditional Reinforced Block Masonry Shear Wall Structure, this system is big Simplify greatly working procedure, improve efficiency of construction, and ensure that construction quality, beneficially building industry Change.

By using 3D printing technique one-body molded masonry shell, the surface of masonry shell forms continuous print Concave convex texture, adds the surface of masonry shell and notes the contact surface between concrete in it, comparing smooth Surface, increases frictional force, improves bond strength, it is to avoid shelling phenomenon.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is to use a kind of 3D of the present invention to print the 3D that the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall completes Print the facade structures schematic diagram of reinforced masonry shear wall structure.

Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the construction schematic diagram of ground floor masonry shell of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the placement construction schematic diagram of transverse steel of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the construction schematic diagram of second layer masonry shell of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram after the present invention multiple masonry shell stacking has been constructed.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and detailed description of the invention the present invention is further detailed explanation.

Referring initially to shown in Fig. 1, for using a kind of 3D of the present invention to print the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall The 3D completed prints reinforced masonry shear wall structure 10, and this 3D prints reinforced masonry shear wall structure 10 Mainly by the most folded multiple masonry shell, the transverse steel 12 of reinforced masonry shear wall and the vertical reinforcements 13 set, And pour concrete (non-casting concrete in the figure) composition in masonry shell.Coordinate shown in Fig. 2, build The rectangular housing of body case, its shape adaptation is in shear wall, including using the one first of the printing integrated molding of 3D Shell face 112, shell face 111,1 second and be connected to the first shell face 111 and the shell face, two sides of the second both sides, shell face 112 113, the first shell face 111 is parallel to each other with the second shell face 112, and between the first shell face 111 and the second shell face 112 Connect further and have multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib 114, to strengthen the structural strength of masonry shell.Print using 3D The surface of the masonry shell of fabrication techniques molding forms concave convex texture 14, as it is shown in figure 1, add masonry shell Inner surface and its in note concrete between contact surface, compare smooth inner surface, increase frictional force, Improve bond strength, it is to avoid shelling phenomenon.The transverse steel 12 of shear wall is parallel to the first shell face 111 He Second shell face 112, and the two ends of transverse steel 12 are embedded in shell face, both sides 113 respectively, use and are building in advance Pre-buried transverse steel 12 when body case makes, installs the construction inconvenience brought after can avoiding transverse steel 12, Simplify construction.Between the adjacent skewed horizontal load rib 114 that vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in masonry shell, transverse steel 12 outsides being located at vertical reinforcement 13.By configuration in the most folded masonry shell printing formation set laterally Reinforcing bar and vertical reinforcement, and in printing the masonry shell formed, carry out the concrete filling heart, define a kind of 3D Print reinforced masonry shear wall structure.In this structural system, 3D prints the housing formed and instead of original mixing Solidifying soil small-sized hollow building block, enormously simplify working procedure, improves efficiency of construction, beneficially building industry Change.

In conjunction with shown in Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, for using a kind of 3D of the present invention to print the reinforcing side of reinforced masonry shear wall Legal system is made 3D and is printed the construction method of reinforced masonry shear wall, specific as follows:

A, employing 3D printing technique make the shape adaptation ground floor masonry shell 11 ' in shear wall to horizontal steel At the pre-buried absolute altitude of muscle, this ground floor masonry shell 11 ' includes the one first shell face using the printing integrated molding of 3D 111 ' and one second shell face 112 ', and it is connected to the first shell face 111 ' and two sides of the second both sides, shell face 112 ' Shell face, as shown in Figure 3;

B, arranging twice transverse steel 12 in the top of ground floor masonry shell 11 ', transverse steel 12 is parallel to One shell face 111 ' and the second shell face 112 ', the two ends of transverse steel 12 are embedded in shell face, two sides respectively, such as figure Shown in 4;

C, employing 3D printing technique make second layer masonry shell 11 in the top of ground floor masonry shell 11 ' ", The two ends making transverse steel 12 are embedded in ground floor masonry shell 11 ' and second layer masonry shell 11 respectively " between, As shown in Figure 5;

D, repeat the above steps b, c, construct to the designed elevation of masonry shell, and the 3D completing masonry shell beats Print and the making of arrangement of reinforcement;

E, repeat above-mentioned steps a to d, complete the 3D of multiple masonry shell and print and arrangement of reinforcement makes, and will be many The individual masonry shell completed carries out being stacked to the designed elevation of shear wall, as shown in Figure 6;

F, in the masonry shell of heap poststack install vertical reinforcement 13, vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in masonry shell Adjacent skewed horizontal load rib between, the inner side of transverse steel 12, as shown in Figure 1;

G, after vertical reinforcement 13 colligation has been fixed, in stacking masonry shell in casting concrete, complete The construction of shear wall.

Being described in detail the present invention above in association with accompanying drawing embodiment, those skilled in the art can According to the above description the present invention is made many variations example.Thus, some details in embodiment should not be constituted Limitation of the invention, the present invention by the scope that defines using appended claims as the protection model of the present invention Enclose.

Claims (3)

1. a 3D prints the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall, it is characterised in that include step:
A, use 3D printing technique make shape adaptation in described shear wall ground floor masonry shell extremely At the pre-buried absolute altitude of transverse steel;
B, transverse steel is set in the top of described ground floor masonry shell;
C, employing 3D printing technique are outside the top of described ground floor masonry shell makes second layer masonry Shell, makes the two ends of described transverse steel be embedded in described ground floor masonry shell and the described second layer respectively In masonry shell;
D, repetition step b, c, to the designed elevation of masonry shell, complete the making of masonry shell;
E, repetition step a to d, complete the making of multiple masonry shell, and by outside multiple described masonries Shell is stacked to the designed elevation of described shear wall;
F, in the described masonry shell of heap poststack install vertical reinforcement;
G, in the multiple described masonry shell of heap poststack casting concrete, complete the construction of shear wall;
Further, each layer described masonry shell includes using the one first of the printing integrated molding of 3D Shell face, one second shell face and be connected to two side shells in described first shell face and described second both sides, shell face Face, described first shell face is parallel to each other with described second shell face, described first shell face and described second shell Being also associated with multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib between face, the two ends of described transverse steel are embedded in described two respectively In shell face, individual side.
2. 3D as claimed in claim 1 prints the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall, its feature It is: the surface of described masonry shell is formed with concave convex texture.
3. 3D as claimed in claim 2 prints the reinforcement means of reinforced masonry shear wall, its feature It is: described vertical reinforcement is inserted between the adjacent described skewed horizontal load rib in described masonry shell, The outside of described vertical reinforcement is located at by described transverse steel, and described transverse steel is parallel to described first Shell face and described second shell face.
CN201610301524.3A 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall CN105926804B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall

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CN105926804A true CN105926804A (en) 2016-09-07
CN105926804B CN105926804B (en) 2018-02-06

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling
CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling
CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall

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CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure

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CN103216024A (en) * 2013-04-30 2013-07-24 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Self-heat-preservation mortar-free block masonry shear wall system and construction method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110370422A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-25 浙江大学 A kind of method of reinforcement 3D mixing printing shear wall

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CN105908861A (en) 2016-08-31
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CN105908861B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105971160A (en) 2016-09-28

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