CN105926802A - Reinforcement structure of 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall structure - Google Patents

Reinforcement structure of 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105926802A
CN105926802A CN201610300092.4A CN201610300092A CN105926802A CN 105926802 A CN105926802 A CN 105926802A CN 201610300092 A CN201610300092 A CN 201610300092A CN 105926802 A CN105926802 A CN 105926802A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
masonry
reinforcement
shear
reinforced
Prior art date
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CN201610300092.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105926802B (en
Inventor
葛杰
马荣全
苗冬梅
白洁
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中国建筑第八工程局有限公司
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Priority to CN201610300092.4A priority Critical patent/CN105926802B/en
Priority to CN201410437931.8A priority patent/CN104264862B/en
Publication of CN105926802A publication Critical patent/CN105926802A/en
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Publication of CN105926802B publication Critical patent/CN105926802B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/20Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/26Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in all cavities in order to form a wall construction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y10/00Processes of additive manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y80/00Products made by additive manufacturing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0256Special features of building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0295Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is equal to the wall thickness

Abstract

The invention discloses a reinforcement structure of a 3D printed reinforced masonry shear wall structure. The reinforced masonry shear wall structure comprises a plurality of masonry shells and concrete poured in the masonry shells, and the masonry shells are integrally formed through 3D printing and are mutually overlaid. The reinforcement structure comprises transverse reinforcing steel bars and vertical reinforcing steel bars, wherein the transverse reinforcing steel bars are buried in the masonry shells during 3D printing of the masonry shells, and the vertical reinforcing steel bars are inserted into the masonry shells before the concrete is poured. The two ends of each transverse reinforcing steel bar are buried in the corresponding masonry shells. The masonry shells of a reinforced masonry are integrally formed through the 3D printing technology and replace original small hollow concrete building blocks, so that site operation manpower is greatly simplified, the number of construction procedures is reduced, building quality is guaranteed, and building industrialization is facilitated.

Description

A kind of 3D prints the reinforcement structure of reinforced masonry shear wall structure

The present invention is Chinese patent application " a kind of 3D printing arrangement of reinforcement block of Application No. 201410437931.8 Body shear wall structure and construction method thereof " divisional application of (applying date: on 08 29th, 2014).

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shear wall, particularly relate to a kind of 3D and print the arrangement of reinforcement of reinforced masonry shear wall structure Structure.

Background technology

The high energy consumption of building material industry, high material-consumption, high pollution, be cause non-renewable resources interdependency high, Natural resources and the big main cause of energy consumption.Therefore, realize saving Building wood by technological innovation Material reduces the material consumption of building industry, energy consumption, reduces the building industry pollution to environment, is Resources for construction economizing type society Can be with the inevitable requirement of friendly environment society.

Traditional masonry structure resource consumption is big, and reinforced concrete structure is to offset concrete hardening to bring Adverse effect, improve the homogeneity of concrete material, improving the ductility etc. of structure, generally to there is the ratio of reinforcement high Phenomenon.

Conventionally employed hollow masonry solid-walled structure, is consisted of multiple building blocks.To build the most at the scene According to design, block requires that block-by-block is built, then configure building block vertical and horizontal arrangement of reinforcement in the block structure built, And at building block inner core concrete perfusion, the build shearing force wall structure of the reinforcing bars building block of formation.This structural system profit With the hollow feature of building block can pour inside masonry armored concrete stem stem that vertical and level interpenetrates with Collar tie beam, lintel etc. replace constructional column and the collar tie beam of brick mix structure, make building have good globality, with Time there is higher bearing capacity and anti-seismic performance.But this Reinforced Block Masonry Shear Wall Structure needs scene to build Building, labour force consumes relatively big, and the efficiency of construction building house need to improve further.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of 3D and prints the arrangement of reinforcement of reinforced masonry shear wall structure Structure, saves material, manpower, time cost etc. on the premise of ensureing quality and safety, meets green Construction requirement.

For realizing above-mentioned technique effect, the invention discloses a kind of 3D and print joining of reinforced masonry shear wall structure Muscle structure, described reinforced masonry shear wall structure includes using the printing integrated molding of 3D and mutually folded sets Multiple masonry shells and pour the concrete in multiple described masonry shells;Described reinforcement structure bag Include and be embedded in the transverse steel in described masonry shell and in pouring when 3D prints described masonry shell The vertical reinforcement in multiple described masonry shell, the two of described transverse steel it are inserted in before described concrete End is embedded in described masonry shell respectively.

Described 3D prints the reinforcement structure of reinforced masonry shear wall structure and is further improved by, described masonry The surface of shell is formed with concave convex texture.

Described 3D prints the reinforcement structure of reinforced masonry shear wall structure and is further improved by, each institute State masonry shell to include using one first shell face of the printing integrated molding of 3D, one second shell face and being connected to described First shell face and the shell face, two sides of described second both sides, shell face, described first shell face and described second shell face phase The most parallel, it is also associated with multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib between described first shell face and described second shell face.

Described 3D print reinforced masonry shear wall structure reinforcement structure be further improved by, described vertically Reinforcing bar is inserted between the adjacent described skewed horizontal load rib in described masonry shell, and institute is located at by described transverse steel State the outside of vertical reinforcement, and described transverse steel is parallel to described first shell face and described second shell face, institute The two ends stating transverse steel are embedded in shell face, said two side respectively.

Due to the fact that and have employed above technical scheme so that it is have the advantages that

The reinforced masonry shear wall printed based on 3D is made up of, by phase the most folded multiple printing masonries set The most folded printing masonry set configures transverse steel and vertical reinforcement, and enters in printing the masonry shell formed Row concrete fills the heart, defines a kind of 3D and prints reinforced masonry shear wall structure.3D prints the housing formed and takes For original concrete small size hollow building block, enormously simplify site operation labour force, save construction work Sequence.

By the batch production of masonry shell is printed, the most pre-buried body of wall transverse steel, it is to avoid transverse steel is existing The construction inconvenience brought is installed in field.Compared with traditional Reinforced Block Masonry Shear Wall Structure, this system is big Simplify greatly working procedure, improve efficiency of construction, and ensure that construction quality, beneficially building industry Change.

By using 3D printing technique one-body molded masonry shell, the surface of masonry shell forms continuous print Concave convex texture, adds the surface of masonry shell and notes the contact surface between concrete in it, comparing smooth Surface, increases frictional force, improves bond strength, it is to avoid shelling phenomenon.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is that the reinforcement structure using a kind of 3D of the present invention to print reinforced masonry shear wall structure completes 3D print reinforced masonry shear wall structure facade structures schematic diagram.

Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the construction schematic diagram of ground floor masonry shell of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the placement construction schematic diagram of transverse steel of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the construction schematic diagram of second layer masonry shell of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram after the present invention multiple masonry shell stacking has been constructed.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and detailed description of the invention the present invention is further detailed explanation.

Referring initially to shown in Fig. 1, for using a kind of 3D of the present invention to print the arrangement of reinforcement of reinforced masonry shear wall structure The 3D that structure fabrication completes prints reinforced masonry shear wall structure 10, and this 3D prints reinforced masonry shear wall knot Structure 10 is mainly by the most folded multiple masonry shell, the transverse steel 12 of reinforced masonry shear wall and the vertical steels set Muscle 13, and pour concrete (non-casting concrete in the figure) composition in masonry shell.Coordinate Fig. 2 institute Showing, the rectangular housing of masonry shell, its shape adaptation is in shear wall, including using the printing integrated molding of 3D One first shell face 112, shell face 111,1 second and be connected to the first shell face 111 and two of the second both sides, shell face 112 Shell face, side 113, the first shell face 111 is parallel to each other with the second shell face 112, and the first shell face 111 and the second shell face 112 Between connect further and have multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib 114, to strengthen the structural strength of masonry shell.Using 3D Printing technique makes the surface of the masonry shell of molding and forms concave convex texture 14, as it is shown in figure 1, add masonry Contact surface between the inner surface of shell and its interior note concrete, compares smooth inner surface, increases friction Power, improves bond strength, it is to avoid shelling phenomenon.The transverse steel 12 of shear wall is parallel to the first shell face 111 and the second shell face 112, and the two ends of transverse steel 12 are embedded in shell face, both sides 113 respectively, use in advance The pre-buried transverse steel 12 when masonry shell makes, installs the construction brought after can avoiding transverse steel 12 Inconvenience, simplifies construction.Between the adjacent skewed horizontal load rib 114 that vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in masonry shell, horizontal The outside of vertical reinforcement 13 it is located to reinforcing bar 12.By joining in the most folded masonry shell printing formation set Put transverse steel and vertical reinforcement, and in printing the masonry shell formed, carry out the concrete filling heart, define A kind of 3D prints reinforced masonry shear wall structure.In this structural system, 3D prints the housing formed and instead of former The concrete small size hollow building block come, enormously simplify working procedure, improves efficiency of construction, be conducive to building Build industrialization.

In conjunction with shown in Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, for using a kind of 3D of the present invention to print joining of reinforced masonry shear wall structure Muscle structure fabrication 3D prints the construction method of reinforced masonry shear wall, specific as follows:

A, employing 3D printing technique make the shape adaptation ground floor masonry shell 11 ' in shear wall to horizontal steel At the pre-buried absolute altitude of muscle, this ground floor masonry shell 11 ' includes the one first shell face using the printing integrated molding of 3D 111 ' and one second shell face 112 ', and it is connected to the first shell face 111 ' and two sides of the second both sides, shell face 112 ' Shell face, as shown in Figure 3;

B, arranging twice transverse steel 12 in the top of ground floor masonry shell 11 ', transverse steel 12 is parallel to One shell face 111 ' and the second shell face 112 ', the two ends of transverse steel 12 are embedded in shell face, two sides respectively, such as figure Shown in 4;

C, employing 3D printing technique make second layer masonry shell 11 in the top of ground floor masonry shell 11 ' ", The two ends making transverse steel 12 are embedded in ground floor masonry shell 11 ' and second layer masonry shell 11 respectively " between, As shown in Figure 5;

D, repeat the above steps b, c, construct to the designed elevation of masonry shell, and the 3D completing masonry shell beats Print and the making of arrangement of reinforcement;

E, repeat above-mentioned steps a to d, complete the 3D of multiple masonry shell and print and arrangement of reinforcement makes, and will be many The individual masonry shell completed carries out being stacked to the designed elevation of shear wall, as shown in Figure 6;

F, in the masonry shell of heap poststack install vertical reinforcement 13, vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in masonry shell Adjacent skewed horizontal load rib between, the inner side of transverse steel 12, as shown in Figure 1;

G, after vertical reinforcement 13 colligation has been fixed, in stacking masonry shell in casting concrete, complete The construction of shear wall.

Being described in detail the present invention above in association with accompanying drawing embodiment, those skilled in the art can According to the above description the present invention is made many variations example.Thus, some details in embodiment should not be constituted Limitation of the invention, the present invention by the scope that defines using appended claims as the protection model of the present invention Enclose.

Claims (4)

1. the reinforcement structure of a 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure, it is characterised in that: described Reinforced masonry shear wall structure includes using outside the printing integrated molding of 3D and the most folded multiple masonries set Shell and pour the concrete in multiple described masonry shells;Described reinforcement structure is included in 3D and beats The transverse steel in described masonry shell it is embedded in and in pouring described coagulation when printing described masonry shell Being inserted in the vertical reinforcement in multiple described masonry shell before soil, the two ends of described transverse steel are buried respectively It is located in described masonry shell.
2. 3D as claimed in claim 1 prints the reinforcement structure of reinforced masonry shear wall structure, its It is characterised by: the surface of described masonry shell is formed with concave convex texture.
3. 3D as claimed in claim 2 prints the reinforcement structure of reinforced masonry shear wall structure, its Be characterised by: described masonry shell include using one first shell face of the printing integrated molding of 3D, one the Two shell faces and be connected to the shell face, two sides in described first shell face and described second both sides, shell face, described One shell face is parallel to each other with described second shell face, also connects between described first shell face and described second shell face It is connected to multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib.
4. 3D as claimed in claim 3 prints the reinforcement structure of reinforced masonry shear wall structure, its Be characterised by: the adjacent described skewed horizontal load rib that described vertical reinforcement is inserted in described masonry shell it Between, the outside of described vertical reinforcement is located at by described transverse steel, and described transverse steel is parallel to described First shell face and described second shell face, the two ends of described transverse steel are embedded in said two side shell respectively In face.
CN201610300092.4A 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure CN105926802B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof

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CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure

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CN105926802B CN105926802B (en) 2018-05-08

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof

Family Applications After (8)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof

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CN105926803B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105971159A (en) 2016-09-28
CN105926804B (en) 2018-02-06
CN105908861A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105926804A (en) 2016-09-07
CN105908862A (en) 2016-08-31
CN104264862B (en) 2017-01-11
CN105971160A (en) 2016-09-28
CN104264862A (en) 2015-01-07
CN105908861B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105908860A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105926803A (en) 2016-09-07
CN105926802B (en) 2018-05-08
CN105971159B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105908862B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105971160B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105908860B (en) 2018-05-25

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