CN105908860A - Reinforcing structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall - Google Patents

Reinforcing structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105908860A
CN105908860A CN201610301481.9A CN201610301481A CN105908860A CN 105908860 A CN105908860 A CN 105908860A CN 201610301481 A CN201610301481 A CN 201610301481A CN 105908860 A CN105908860 A CN 105908860A
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China
Prior art keywords
shell
masonry
printing
shear
reinforced
Prior art date
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CN201610301481.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105908860B (en
Inventor
葛杰
马荣全
苗冬梅
白洁
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中国建筑第八工程局有限公司
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Priority to CN201610301481.9A priority Critical patent/CN105908860B/en
Priority to CN201410437931.8A priority patent/CN104264862B/en
Publication of CN105908860A publication Critical patent/CN105908860A/en
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Publication of CN105908860B publication Critical patent/CN105908860B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/26Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in all cavities in order to form a wall construction
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/20Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y10/00Processes of additive manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y80/00Products made by additive manufacturing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0256Special features of building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0295Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is equal to the wall thickness

Abstract

The invention discloses a reinforcing structure of a 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall. The reinforced masonry shear wall structure comprises a plurality of masonry shells which are integrally formed through 3D printing and mutually stacked, and concrete which is poured in the multiple masonry shells. Each masonry shell comprises a first shell surface and a second shell surface which are parallel to each other, and also comprises two side shell surfaces which are connected to the two sides of the first shell surface and the second shell surface. The reinforcing structure comprises a plurality of inclined supporting ribs which are connected to the position between the first shell surface and the second shell surface during 3D printing of the masonry shells, and also comprises transverse reinforcements which are tied between the two side shell surfaces during 3D printing of the masonry shells. According to the reinforcing structure of the 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall, the reinforced masonry shells are integrally formed through a 3D printing technology, original concrete small hollow blocks are replaced, the site construction labor force is greatly reduced, construction processes are reduced, the building quality is guaranteed, and building industrialization is facilitated.

Description

A kind of 3D prints the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall
The present invention is Chinese patent application " a kind of 3D printing arrangement of reinforcement block of Application No. 201410437931.8 Body shear wall structure and construction method thereof " divisional application of (applying date: on 08 29th, 2014).
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shear wall, particularly relate to a kind of 3D and print the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall.
Background technology
The high energy consumption of building material industry, high material-consumption, high pollution, be cause non-renewable resources interdependency high, Natural resources and the big main cause of energy consumption.Therefore, realize saving Building wood by technological innovation Material reduces the material consumption of building industry, energy consumption, reduces the building industry pollution to environment, is Resources for construction economizing type society Can be with the inevitable requirement of friendly environment society.
Traditional masonry structure resource consumption is big, and reinforced concrete structure is to offset concrete hardening to bring Adverse effect, improve the homogeneity of concrete material, improving the ductility etc. of structure, generally to there is the ratio of reinforcement high Phenomenon.
Conventionally employed hollow masonry solid-walled structure, is consisted of multiple building blocks.To build the most at the scene According to design, block requires that block-by-block is built, then configure building block vertical and horizontal arrangement of reinforcement in the block structure built, And at building block inner core concrete perfusion, the build shearing force wall structure of the reinforcing bars building block of formation.This structural system profit With the hollow feature of building block can pour inside masonry armored concrete stem stem that vertical and level interpenetrates with Collar tie beam, lintel etc. replace constructional column and the collar tie beam of brick mix structure, make building have good globality, with Time there is higher bearing capacity and anti-seismic performance.But this Reinforced Block Masonry Shear Wall Structure needs scene to build Building, labour force consumes relatively big, and the efficiency of construction building house need to improve further.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved be to provide a kind of 3D print reinforced masonry shear wall add consolidation Structure, saves material, manpower, time cost etc. on the premise of ensureing quality and safety, meets green and execute Work requirement.
For realizing above-mentioned technique effect, the invention discloses a kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall adds consolidation Structure, described reinforced masonry shear wall structure includes using the printing integrated molding of 3D and the most folded multiple masonries set Shell and pour the concrete in multiple described masonry shells;Described masonry shell includes being parallel to each other One first shell face and one second shell face, and it is connected to the two of described first shell face and described second both sides, shell face Shell face, individual side;Described ruggedized construction be included in 3D print described masonry shell time be connected to described first shell face with Multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib between described second shell face and when 3D prints described masonry shell drawknot in described Transverse steel between shell face, two sides.
Described 3D prints the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall and is further improved by, described masonry shell Surface be formed with concave convex texture.
Described 3D prints the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall and is further improved by, multiple described masonries Being inserted with vertical reinforcement in shell, described vertical reinforcement is inserted between adjacent described skewed horizontal load rib, described The outside of described vertical reinforcement is located at by transverse steel, and described transverse steel is parallel to described first shell face and institute Stating the second shell face, the two ends of described transverse steel are embedded in shell face, said two side respectively.
Due to the fact that and have employed above technical scheme so that it is have the advantages that
The reinforced masonry shear wall printed based on 3D is made up of, by phase the most folded multiple printing masonries set The most folded printing masonry set configures transverse steel and vertical reinforcement, and enters in printing the masonry shell formed Row concrete fills the heart, defines a kind of 3D and prints reinforced masonry shear wall structure.3D prints the housing formed and takes For original concrete small size hollow building block, enormously simplify site operation labour force, save construction work Sequence.
By the batch production of masonry shell is printed, the most pre-buried body of wall transverse steel, it is to avoid transverse steel is existing The construction inconvenience brought is installed in field.Compared with traditional Reinforced Block Masonry Shear Wall Structure, this system is big Simplify greatly working procedure, improve efficiency of construction, and ensure that construction quality, beneficially building industry Change.
By using 3D printing technique one-body molded masonry shell, the surface of masonry shell forms continuous print Concave convex texture, adds the surface of masonry shell and notes the contact surface between concrete in it, comparing smooth Surface, increases frictional force, improves bond strength, it is to avoid shelling phenomenon.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is to use a kind of 3D of the present invention to print the 3D that the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall completes Print the facade structures schematic diagram of reinforced masonry shear wall structure.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the construction schematic diagram of ground floor masonry shell of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the placement construction schematic diagram of transverse steel of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the construction schematic diagram of second layer masonry shell of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram after the present invention multiple masonry shell stacking has been constructed.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and detailed description of the invention the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Referring initially to shown in Fig. 1, for using a kind of 3D of the present invention to print the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall The 3D that completes print reinforced masonry shear wall structure 10 mainly by multiple the most folded set masonry shell, join The transverse steel 12 of muscle build shearing force wall and vertical reinforcement 13, and pour the concrete (figure in masonry shell In non-casting concrete) constitute.Coordinating shown in Fig. 2, the rectangular housing of masonry shell, its shape adaptation is in cutting Power wall, including using one first shell face 112, shell face 111,1 second of the printing integrated molding of 3D and being connected to the One shell face 111 and the shell face, two sides 113 of the second both sides, shell face 112, the first shell face 111 and the second shell face 112 phase The most parallel, and further connection have multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib 114 between the first shell face 111 with the second shell face 112, To strengthen the structural strength of masonry shell.Surface shape at the masonry shell using the making molding of 3D printing technique Become concave convex texture 14, as it is shown in figure 1, add the inner surface of masonry shell and note connecing between concrete in it Contacting surface, compare smooth inner surface, increase frictional force, improve bond strength, it is to avoid shelling phenomenon. The transverse steel 12 of shear wall is parallel to the first shell face 111 and the second shell face 112, and the two ends of transverse steel 12 It is embedded in respectively in shell face, both sides 113, uses the pre-buried transverse steel 12 when masonry shell makes in advance, permissible The construction inconvenience brought is installed after avoiding transverse steel 12, simplifies construction.Vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in masonry Between adjacent skewed horizontal load rib 114 in shell, the outside of vertical reinforcement 13 is located at by transverse steel 12.By Mutually fold configuration transverse steel and the vertical reinforcement in the masonry shell formed of printing set, and print formation Carry out concrete in masonry shell and fill the heart, define a kind of 3D and print reinforced masonry shear wall structure.This structure In system, 3D prints the housing formed and instead of original concrete small size hollow building block, enormously simplify and executes Work operation, improves efficiency of construction, beneficially building industrialization.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, a kind of 3D of the present invention is used to print the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall Make 3D and print the construction method of reinforced masonry shear wall, specific as follows:
A, employing 3D printing technique make the shape adaptation ground floor masonry shell 11 ' in shear wall to horizontal steel At the pre-buried absolute altitude of muscle, this ground floor masonry shell 11 ' includes the one first shell face using the printing integrated molding of 3D 111 ' and one second shell face 112 ', and it is connected to the first shell face 111 ' and two sides of the second both sides, shell face 112 ' Shell face, as shown in Figure 3;
B, arranging twice transverse steel 12 in the top of ground floor masonry shell 11 ', transverse steel 12 is parallel to One shell face 111 ' and the second shell face 112 ', the two ends of transverse steel 12 are embedded in shell face, two sides respectively, such as figure Shown in 4;
C, employing 3D printing technique make second layer masonry shell 11 in the top of ground floor masonry shell 11 ' ", The two ends making transverse steel 12 are embedded in ground floor masonry shell 11 ' and second layer masonry shell 11 respectively " between, As shown in Figure 5;
D, repeat the above steps b, c, construct to the designed elevation of masonry shell, and the 3D completing masonry shell beats Print and the making of arrangement of reinforcement;
E, repeat above-mentioned steps a to d, complete the 3D of multiple masonry shell and print and arrangement of reinforcement makes, and will be many The individual masonry shell completed carries out being stacked to the designed elevation of shear wall, as shown in Figure 6;
F, in the masonry shell of heap poststack install vertical reinforcement 13, vertical reinforcement 13 is inserted in masonry shell Adjacent skewed horizontal load rib between, the inner side of transverse steel 12, as shown in Figure 1;
G, after vertical reinforcement 13 colligation has been fixed, in stacking masonry shell in casting concrete, complete The construction of shear wall.
Being described in detail the present invention above in association with accompanying drawing embodiment, those skilled in the art can According to the above description the present invention is made many variations example.Thus, some details in embodiment should not be constituted Limitation of the invention, the present invention by the scope that defines using appended claims as the protection model of the present invention Enclose.

Claims (3)

1. the ruggedized construction of a 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall, it is characterised in that: described arrangement of reinforcement Build shearing force wall structure include using the printing integrated molding of 3D and mutually folded set multiple masonry shells, And pour the concrete in multiple described masonry shells;Described masonry shell includes be parallel to each other First shell face and one second shell face, and it is connected to described first shell face and described second both sides, shell face Shell face, two sides;Described ruggedized construction is included in when 3D prints described masonry shell and is connected to described the Multiple tracks skewed horizontal load rib between one shell face and described second shell face and outside 3D prints described masonry Drawknot transverse steel between shell face, said two side during shell.
2. 3D as claimed in claim 1 prints the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall, its feature It is: the surface of described masonry shell is formed with concave convex texture.
3. 3D as claimed in claim 2 prints the ruggedized construction of reinforced masonry shear wall, its feature It is: being inserted with vertical reinforcement in multiple described masonry shells, described vertical reinforcement is inserted in adjacent institute Stating between skewed horizontal load rib, the outside of described vertical reinforcement is located at by described transverse steel, and described laterally Parallel reinforced steel bar is in described first shell face and described second shell face, and the two ends of described transverse steel are buried underground respectively In shell face, said two side.
CN201610301481.9A 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall CN105908860B (en)

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CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof

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CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall

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CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling
CN201610301481.9A CN105908860B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of ruggedized construction of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall

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CN201610301525.8A CN105908861B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of arrangement of reinforcement method of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301523.9A CN105971159B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of masonry shell mechanism in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300092.4A CN105926802B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement structure of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure
CN201410437931.8A CN104264862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 3D printing reinforcement masonry shear wall structure and construction method thereof
CN201610301467.9A CN105926803B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall structure with concave convex texture
CN201610301524.3A CN105926804B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of reinforcement means of 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610301538.5A CN105908862B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A kind of production method of masonry shell in 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall
CN201610300128.9A CN105971160B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 A method of prevent 3D printing reinforced masonry shear wall from shelling

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CN105908862A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105926803B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105926803A (en) 2016-09-07
CN105926802A (en) 2016-09-07
CN105908861B (en) 2019-01-04
CN104264862B (en) 2017-01-11
CN105908860B (en) 2018-05-25
CN105908861A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105926804A (en) 2016-09-07
CN105926802B (en) 2018-05-08
CN105971160B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105908862B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105971159B (en) 2019-01-04
CN105971159A (en) 2016-09-28
CN105926804B (en) 2018-02-06
CN105971160A (en) 2016-09-28

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