CN201224941Y - Environment protection type structure thermal insulation concrete building block, masonry and anti-vibration residential building - Google Patents

Environment protection type structure thermal insulation concrete building block, masonry and anti-vibration residential building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201224941Y
CN201224941Y CNU2008200599889U CN200820059988U CN201224941Y CN 201224941 Y CN201224941 Y CN 201224941Y CN U2008200599889 U CNU2008200599889 U CN U2008200599889U CN 200820059988 U CN200820059988 U CN 200820059988U CN 201224941 Y CN201224941 Y CN 201224941Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
hole
block
concrete
building
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008200599889U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董杨
杨德志
陆沈磊
张�雄
赵由才
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SHANGHAI DEBIN MACHINERY EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI DEBIN MACHINERY EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CNU2008200599889U priority Critical patent/CN201224941Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201224941Y publication Critical patent/CN201224941Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a heat-insulating concrete block with an environmental-friendly structure, a composite brickwork as well as an earthquake-proof, energy-saving and lower-rise dwelling built by utilizing the block. In the heat-insulating concrete block with the environmental-friendly structure, the block body is similarly rectangular, two vertical through holes are arranged along the length direction of the block body in parallel, and the through holes are symmetrically distributed with equal distance. The block is made of the recycled aggregate of clay bricks. Utilizing the block to build up the dwelling has the advantages that the construction is simple and convenient, the construction speed is fast, the cost is cheap, the earthquake-resistant performance of the built dowelling is greatly improved, the thermal-insulating and the heat-shielding performances are excellent, and the cyclic utilization of the resources is realized.

Description

Environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete block, masonry and antidetonation dwelling house
Technical field
The utility model relates to the housing construction field, and is concrete, the earthquake-proof energy-saving low story dwelling that relates to a kind of environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete block, compound masonry and utilize this building block to build.
Background technology
Comprehensive utilization of resources and development green building material and green building are the key subjects of China's building, building material industry, relate to Building Trade in China sustainable development, environmental protection and the people's lives and property safety.Rural area and townlet's low story dwelling construction amount account for 50% of China's dwelling construction total amount, so development rural area and townlet's green building material and green building have very important strategic importance in China develops a circular economy process.
For a long time, China rural area and townlet's dwelling construction, industrialization level is lower, and the dwelling house thermal and insulating performance is poor, and clay brick production land wastage is serious, and the masonry residential shock resistance is poor.At present, China presses for and carries out rural area and the recycling work of townlet's brick-and-concrete buildings waste resources and build durable dwelling house work.
China rural area and townlet are in the past based on masonry residential.In past 50 years, China has produced 20,000,000,000 cubes of clay bricks at least, preresearch estimates, and will produce several hundred million tons of brick-and-concrete buildings rubbish following 20 year every year.A large amount of civilian construction rubbish are stacked both land occupations, contaminated environment again arbitrarily.Finding a resource sustainable application, meet the technology path of townlet's low story dwelling requirement again, is one of China's new countryside construction key subjects.
At present, China's made from construction refuse resource utilizes level still lower, fails to fully realize the clay brick recycled aggregate value.Existing urban architecture waste resources chemical plant all is production combination construction brick made from waste, blocks with building refuse, fails to give full play to the effect of clay brick recycled aggregate wood property.
The utility model content
Primary and foremost purpose of the present utility model just is to overcome existing building garbage utilization technological deficiency, thereby a kind of environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete block is provided.
Second purpose of the present utility model is the compound masonry of a kind of environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete.
The 3rd purpose of the present utility model is a kind of antidetonation dwelling house.
Environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete block of the present utility model, block body roughly is cuboid, and described building block has a plurality of vertical through hole along its length side by side, and described number of openings is 2, and through hole equidistantly is symmetrically distributed; Described building block is made with the loam brick regeneration aggregate.
According to the utility model, the cross sectional shape of described through hole is rectangle, square or circular.
According to the utility model, building block length * wide * height is 500-1000mm * 200-240mm * 400-900mm, and the sectional dimension of described through hole is 200-450mm * 140-180mm; Or described building block length * wide * height is 390mm * 190mm * 190mm, and the sectional dimension of described through hole is 130mm * 150mm.
The compound masonry of environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete of the present utility model is built by laying bricks or stones by the described building block fissure of displacement and to be formed, and is inserted with reinforcing bar and is cast with the stem stem light weight aggregate concrete in the through hole that the building block alignment forms.
Antidetonation dwelling house of the present utility model, comprise body of wall and flooring, described body of wall comprises reinforced concrete circle beam, described collar tie beam is provided with steel bar end, described collar tie beam top is built by laying bricks or stones by the described building block fissure of displacement and is formed, the through hole consistency from top to bottom of described building block forms through hole, is inserted with reinforcing bar in the described through hole and is cast with the stem stem light weight aggregate concrete, makes it to be connected to form body of wall with building block; Described flooring is the cast-in-place concrete floor in net back of wire-tiing.
According to antidetonation dwelling house of the present utility model, level overlap joint muscle is set every some building blocks.
According to antidetonation dwelling house of the present utility model, the wall face of described body of wall has whitewashed cement mortar, and interior wall flour is brushed with thermal insulation mortar.
Antidetonation dwelling house of the present utility model is a single or multiple lift.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, easy construction
The building block through hole is exactly a mould, waters in the building block through hole and smashes steel concrete, and is simple and convenient, wall construction does not prop up the trouble of mould, do not have technical problems such as template fixed effect building size error yet,, just can guarantee that wall size is accurate as long as blockwork is built by laying bricks or stones accurately.
2, adapt to townlet's building level of the productive forces
The production of restriction clay brick has been China's materials for wall reform trend of the times comprehensively.China's novel wall material developing direction is the city based on the development building board, and the rural area is based on the development concrete block.Building block building still is a block structure, meet rural area and townlet's masonry construction building custom, masonry technology and clay brick construction are similar, are convenient to grasp, construction does not need big machinery, meets the requirement that the rural area materials for wall develops to the non-sintering direction of non-clay from the sintering clay brick simultaneously.
3, construction speed is fast
Owing to adopt building block hollow-core construction casting reinforced concrete, reduce expenditures of time such as a template, so improve construction speed greatly.This technology is adopted in initial estimate, 100 square meters/overlap two-layer dwelling house, and can build 1 cover dwelling house 5 working days, and for the needs of crossed construction, 10 workmans can build 6 cover dwelling houses in 1 month.
4, low cost
Walling work is the construction work main contents.Owing to made full use of the hollow characteristics of building block, " wall " of building-block is exactly environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation light weight aggregate concrete cast template, both saved a large amount of templates, the stem stem light weight aggregate concrete is connected completely with building block to become one, make the house wall structure both meet anti-seismic performance requirement, low cost again.
5, anti-seismic performance increases substantially
Wall is a braced structures, the body of wall four sides vertically is provided with reinforcing bar stem stem light weight aggregate concrete, and form integral body with bottom collar tie beam and upper reinforcement concrete floor, improve the globality of building, improve the body of wall fracture resistance of laterally vacillating now to the left, now to the right, rock back and forth greatly, thereby improve the anti-seismic performance of building, make building " not bad, the middle shake of little shake can be repaiied, no collapsing with strong earthquake ".
6, thermal and insulating performance is superior
Clay brick recycled aggregate concrete belongs to structural thermal insulation light weight aggregate concrete category, and body of wall adopts the insulation light weight aggregate concrete, improves the wall self-insulation performance, is China's energy saving building developing direction.The utility model adopts light weight aggregate concrete building block and stem stem light weight aggregate concrete, make whole wall structure meet China's structural thermal insulation light weight aggregate concrete requirement, given full play to the effect of clay brick recycled light weight aggregate concrete wood property, improved the self-heat preservation heat insulation performance of body of wall, reached and reduce the purpose that building is used energy consumption.
7, realize that rural area residence building waste resources is recycling
In past 50 years, China has produced 20,000,000,000 cubes of clay bricks at least.In following 20 years, the masonry residential that the past builds will become building waste mostly.Light-weight wall material and light weight concrete construction are one of China's building material developing direction.At present, China's building materials market needs 1200 (kg/m on the one hand in a large number 3) the following lightweight aggregate of level, on the other hand because problem such as the soil development of firing, consume of clay haydite is restricted (some regional clay haydites the same with clay brick forbidden production).So exploitation clay brick recycled aggregate and application technology thereof are not only alleviated China's lightweight aggregate shortage, realized resource circulation utilization simultaneously again.
8, find a way out for development rural ecological dwelling house
In order to realize land consolidation operation and the urbanization of quickening people in the countryside, modernization, big village system will be carried out by China, and the new countryside construction of a new round will be in full swing, and original private residence that does not meet planning requirement, dispersion will be removed.Particularly developed regions " villages within the city ", be dispersed in the hamlet of city suburbs periphery etc., all will be rebuild by unified planning.To produce residence building rubbish in a large number thereupon.A large amount of civilian construction rubbish are stacked both land occupations, contaminated environment again arbitrarily.Finding a resource sustainable application, meet the technology path that modern architecture requires again, is one of China's new countryside construction key subjects.
Along with development of times with China's Urban House is modern finishes substantially, China's grange modernization, energy-conservationization, ecology, environmental protectionization, antidetonationization etc. will be mentioned important schedule by the Chinese government.Environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete block earthquake-proof energy-saving low story dwelling had both met rural area materials for wall reform orientation, met the rural productivity level again, the bigger raising of getting back of dwelling house performance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete block of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is an antidetonation housing construction organigram of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.Should be understood that following examples only are used to the utility model is described but not are used to limit scope of the present utility model.
It is regeneration concrete bulk (brick, building block) the production line production of SHEF-KC that employed building-block of the utility model and stem stem light weight aggregate concrete adopt Germany foreshore Shanghai Machinery Technology Co's model.
Practical environment protection type light aggregate is to be that 200710172793.5 the disclosed method of Chinese invention patent application prepares environment protection type light aggregate according to application number in the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, building-block of the present utility model, establishing 2 cross sections in the described building block 2 is rectangular through hole 7, and through hole equidistantly is symmetrically distributed; Building block length * wide * height is 500-1000mm * 200-240mm * 400-900mm, and the sectional dimension of described through hole is 200-450mm * 140-180mm; Or length * wide * height is 390mm * 190mm * 190mm, and the cross section of through hole is of a size of 130mm * 150mm.
Concrete, environment protection type light aggregate concrete hollow block prescription (mass ratio): the clay brick recycled fines 40-50% of cement 20-30%, 0-3mm, the clay brick recycled coarse aggregate 20-30% of 3mm<particle diameter≤11mm.
Stem stem light weight aggregate concrete prescription: the clay brick recycled fines 40-50% of cement 20-30%, 0-3mm, the clay brick recycled coarse aggregate 20-30% of 3mm<particle diameter≤11mm, water reducing agent 1-2%.
More specifically,---building-block production technology: electronic proportioning station batching stirs---block machine moulding---solar energy curing room heating curing or natural curing.
Those skilled in the art will readily understand that the size of described building block can adjust as required, through hole also can be made other shape, and for example the cross section is square or circle etc., and its size dimension also can be regulated as required, and this is conspicuous.
Utilize building block of the present utility model can build a kind of antidetonation dwelling house, described antidetonation dwelling house comprises body of wall 10 and flooring 5, described body of wall 10 is included in the reinforced concrete circle beam of pouring into a mould on the ground 1, described collar tie beam 1 is provided with steel bar end 6, building block 2 fissure of displacement on described collar tie beam 1 top are built by laying bricks or stones, and through hole 7 consistencies from top to bottom of described building block 2 form through hole, and described through hole plugs reinforcing bar and pours into a mould stem stem light weight aggregate concrete 4 for 7 li, make it to be connected in one, thereby form body of wall 10 with building block 2; Building block every some is provided with level overlap joint muscle 3; The wall face of described body of wall 10 whitewashes cement mortar, interior wall plaster thermal insulation mortar; The flooring 5 of described dwelling house is the net back cast-in-situ concrete flooring of wire-tiing.
For further improving dwelling house bulk strength and anti-seismic performance, four jiaos of L types of building block contact stem stem of house wall and dwelling house building block T type, cross contact stem stem, institute's configuration reinforcement strengthens and cast high-intensity fine stone concrete, and increases modes such as steel concrete waistband, reinforced concrete circle beam.
Concrete steps when using building block of the present utility model to build the antidetonation dwelling house are as follows:
A, casting reinforced concrete collar tie beam: cast ordinary reinforced concrete collar tie beam 1 on brick (or stone, concrete) foundation, steel bar end 6 is arranged in the relevant position according to building block 2 inner via holes 7 on the collar tie beam 1, as with stem stem light weight aggregate concrete 4 overlap joint muscle.
B, build the environment protection type light aggregate concrete hollow block by laying bricks or stones: according to designing requirement, build building block 2 successively by laying bricks or stones, the upper and lower building block fissure of displacement is built by laying bricks or stones, is alignd to guarantee lower through-hole 7, form through hole, per 5 skin building blocks 2 are provided with level overlap joint muscle 3 (those skilled in the art can regulate the skin number of building block 2 between the two-layer overlap joint muscle according to different needs).
C, cast stem stem light weight aggregate concrete: according to the story height that has puzzled, two of 7 li slotting 8mm reinforcing bars of through hole of building block 2 up/down perforations, the reinforcing bar placement location is in the centre of through hole 7.Pour into a mould stem stem light weight aggregate concrete 4 then, make it to be connected in one, thereby form compound masonry with building block 2.Stem stem light weight aggregate concrete 4 upper reinforcements of being poured into a mould need be lifted one's head, so that be connected with cast-in-place flooring steel concrete.
D, cast ordinary reinforced concrete flooring: according to the designing requirement configuration reinforcement, wire-tie net and be connected with building block stem stem steel bar end, cast-in-situ concrete then makes the steel concrete of flooring 5 be connected (improving dwelling house globality and anti-seismic performance) with the stem stem light weight aggregate concrete.The steel concrete of the flooring of being poured into a mould 5 will make reinforcing bar 6 lift one's head, so that be connected with upper strata stem stem light weight aggregate concrete.
E, multilayer construction: two-layer building structure method is identical with one deck, and the rest may be inferred, builds two-layer or two-layer above dwelling house.
F, wall plaster: wall face whitewashes the thick waterproof cement mortar of 2cm (twice, every all over 1cm), to improve the external wall waterproof anti-permeability performance and further to improve integrality of wall; Interior wall plaster 3cm thermal insulation mortar (twice, every all over 1.5cm) with the thermal and insulating performance of further raising structural thermal insulation light weight aggregate concrete building block, reduces building energy consumption.
Utilize building block described in the utility model to build dwelling house, it is simple and convenient to construct, and construction speed is fast, low cost, and the dwelling house anti-seismic performance of Zhi Zaoing increases substantially simultaneously, and thermal and insulating performance is superior, has more realized the resource circulation utilization.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete block, block body roughly is cuboid, it is characterized in that, and described building block has a plurality of vertical through hole along its length side by side, and described number of openings is 2, and through hole equidistantly is symmetrically distributed; Described building block is made with the loam brick regeneration aggregate.
2, building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the cross section of described through hole is rectangle, square or circular.
3, building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described building block length * wide * height is 500-1000mm * 200-240mm * 400-900mm, and the sectional dimension of described through hole is 200-450mm * 140-180mm.
4, building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described building block length * wide * height is 390mm * 190mm * 190mm, and the sectional dimension of described through hole is 130mm * 150mm.
5, the compound masonry of a kind of environment-friendly type structural thermal insulation concrete is characterized in that, described masonry is built by laying bricks or stones by each described building block fissure of displacement in the claim 1-4 and formed, and is inserted with reinforcing bar and is cast with the stem stem light weight aggregate concrete in the through hole that the building block alignment forms.
6, a kind of antidetonation dwelling house, comprise body of wall and flooring, it is characterized in that, described body of wall comprises reinforced concrete circle beam, described collar tie beam is provided with steel bar end, and described collar tie beam top is built by laying bricks or stones by each described building block fissure of displacement in the claim 1-4 and formed, and the through hole consistency from top to bottom of described building block forms through hole, be inserted with reinforcing bar in the described through hole and be cast with the stem stem light weight aggregate concrete, make it to be connected to form body of wall with building block; Described flooring is the cast-in-place concrete floor in net back of wire-tiing.
7, antidetonation dwelling house as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, every some building blocks level overlap joint muscle is set.
8, antidetonation dwelling house as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, the wall face of described body of wall has whitewashed cement mortar, and interior wall flour is brushed with thermal insulation mortar.
As the described antidetonation dwelling house of claim 6-8, it is characterized in that 9, described dwelling house is a single or multiple lift.
CNU2008200599889U 2008-06-20 2008-06-20 Environment protection type structure thermal insulation concrete building block, masonry and anti-vibration residential building Expired - Fee Related CN201224941Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200599889U CN201224941Y (en) 2008-06-20 2008-06-20 Environment protection type structure thermal insulation concrete building block, masonry and anti-vibration residential building

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200599889U CN201224941Y (en) 2008-06-20 2008-06-20 Environment protection type structure thermal insulation concrete building block, masonry and anti-vibration residential building

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102691363A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 洛阳原生建筑工程技术有限公司 Foam concrete composite heat preservation wall body with concrete blocks and construction method thereof
CN103015615A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-03 杜勋 Hollow environmentally-friendly cut block
CN103883023A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-06-25 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Method for using building waste to manufacture building blocks and building reinforced masonry without adhesive mortar
CN106193369A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-07 陈迎春 Brick mixes integrated wall, engineering prefabricated component method of attachment, integrated building construction method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102691363A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 洛阳原生建筑工程技术有限公司 Foam concrete composite heat preservation wall body with concrete blocks and construction method thereof
CN103015615A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-03 杜勋 Hollow environmentally-friendly cut block
CN103015615B (en) * 2013-01-09 2015-01-07 杜勋 Hollow environmentally-friendly cut block
CN103883023A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-06-25 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Method for using building waste to manufacture building blocks and building reinforced masonry without adhesive mortar
CN103883023B (en) * 2014-04-16 2016-07-27 许昌金科资源再生股份有限公司 Building waste makes building block the method building the reinforced masonry exempting from adhesive mortar
CN106193369A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-07 陈迎春 Brick mixes integrated wall, engineering prefabricated component method of attachment, integrated building construction method
CN106193369B (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-07-06 陈迎春 Brick mixes integrated wall, the connection method of engineering prefabricated component, integrated building construction method
CN108425440A (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-08-21 陈迎春 A kind of brick mixes integrated wall and its implementation

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090422

Termination date: 20120620