CN103171045A - Forming process of brick in composite structure - Google Patents

Forming process of brick in composite structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103171045A
CN103171045A CN2011104449389A CN201110444938A CN103171045A CN 103171045 A CN103171045 A CN 103171045A CN 2011104449389 A CN2011104449389 A CN 2011104449389A CN 201110444938 A CN201110444938 A CN 201110444938A CN 103171045 A CN103171045 A CN 103171045A
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China
Prior art keywords
mould
former
framed
moulding
adobe
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CN2011104449389A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103171045B (en
Inventor
秦申二
马金奎
胡胜利
贾屹海
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北京仁创科技集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201110444938.9A priority Critical patent/CN103171045B/en
Publication of CN103171045A publication Critical patent/CN103171045A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a forming process of a brick in a composite structure. The forming process includes the steps that a mold frame supporting plate is conveyed to first forming equipment by a first continuous conveying device, the mold frame supporting plate is pressed to be a mold frame on the first forming equipment, and after material distribution and pre-pressing, the mold frame is sent to a second material distribution machine and second forming equipment to complete second material distribution and pressing. According to the forming process, different brick courses are formed on the different forming equipment, and pollution between materials in different layers is thereby avoided.

Description

A kind of moulding process of composite structural brick
Technical field
The present invention relates to the preparation field of composite structural brick, relate in particular to a kind of moulding process of composite structural brick.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, life requirement is more and more diversified, and the brickmaking field is also that so in order to satisfy different needs, the brick product of various functions is developed, and wherein much has two-layer composite, even multi-layer compound structure.
Publication number is that the patent documentation of CN1966861A discloses a kind of composite water permeable brick, and this water-permeable brick is two-layer composite, comprises permeable top layer and porous base course.The document has provided the preparation technology of this kind composite water permeable brick, comprises three kinds: the first: with permeable top layer and the once-combined moulding of porous base course; The second first produces respectively permeable top layer and porous base course, then both is combined with each other, as passing through bonding; The third first produces one of permeable top layer and porous base course, then another layer of moulding thereon.This patent documentation has just provided roughly guiding direction to these three kinds of methods, concrete which kind of equipment, which kind of technique of adopting, do not point out, because the multi-layer compound structure brick has a lot of special characters with respect to traditional single structure brick, the difficulty that exists the single layer structure brick can not run in moulding, former and the technique of existing single layer structure brick can not be directly applied for the sandwich construction brick.The special character of multi-layer compound structure brick is mainly manifested in:
At first, it is its composite construction itself, this composite construction may need every layer have different materials, different thickness, each form layer by layer in the thickness of each several part want evenly, interface layer is clearer and more definite, in order to satisfy above-mentioned requirements repeatedly cloth, even repeatedly compacting of needs on technique, and need distributing technique to complete two work, a job is that material is inserted die cavity, and another work is that the material cloth of inserting in die cavity is smooth.if adopt first method to coordinate existing technique, equipment, have following problem: existing formation system be generally on former in the mould cloth, and by the mode of vibrations, material is evenly tiled, use this equipment, technique will be met difficulty in multilayer dose cloth process: repeatedly cloth needs a plurality of apparatus for distributing, two even a plurality of apparatus for distributing are set more difficult on a complete forming device, suppose and to arrange, because the material of different layers may have different physical property, only be difficult to cloth by vibration mode for the sticking material of physical property or material with physical property of other influences uniform distribution even, if adopt the auxiliary cloth of pressure head precompressed, this moment, pressure head can contact different materials, the material of certain one deck of carrying of pressure head can pollute other layers, simultaneously on same former, a plurality of apparatus for distributing are set, can cause the operating space narrow and small, can't whether cloth be even checks to material, thus be difficult to produce the composite structural brick of function admirable, if adopt above-mentioned this second to coordinate existing equipment, technique, adopt adhesive layer may affect the quality of brick on the one hand, on the other hand, can't produce for the brick that can not adopt adhesive layer, and how to carry out under this method continuously, the production of automation is also open question, if adopt above-mentioned the third method to coordinate existing technique, equipment, need two equipment compactings, realize between two formers that equally production continuous, automation does not solve, perhaps adopt a former, can produce and the similar problem of first method,
Secondly, needs repeatedly cloth, when even repeatedly suppressing, the equipment formation can more complicated, adopt which kind of equipment, which kind of technique guarantee continuously, the production of automation is also urgent problem in composite structure brick production process.
in order to solve the moulding problem of above-mentioned composite structural brick, notification number is that the patent documentation of CN201808124U discloses a kind of former for preparing composite water permeable brick, this patent documentation improves existing brick equipment, adopt split type mould device, this mould device comprises bed die and patrix, this bed die and patrix all have die cavity and complement each other to form die cavity, patrix is under the drive of patrix apparatus for controlling of lifting, can move up and down in the operating position, bed die is after the cloth of completing the top layer material, be transported to the operating position by continuous conveying device, after assembling with patrix, the good bottom material of cloth in the patrix die cavity, then pressure head is pressed to the material in mould.This patent documentation adopts the twice one-time formed technique of cloth, the mould structure that cooperation is comprised of bed die and patrix, the layer cloth that material properties is sticking is in bed die, and in pressing process, pressure head only contacts the relatively loose bed material of material properties, has solved the problem of mutually polluting between the different layers material; Simultaneously in production process, bed die moves with production process, patrix is fixed on former, before its top layer viscous material distribution device is located at former, for cloth provides larger operating space, realize that easily cloth is even, solved the double-decker brick and how to have completed twice cloth and quantity-produced problem.But there are following problem in the technique that the document provides, equipment:
At first, adopt the mould that comprises bed die and patrix composition inevitably will run into the problem of mould alignment, if the mould registration process is bad, overlap can appear in product, affects product quality;
Secondly, under this kind technique, equipment, fabric, bed material are through once being pressed into base, the intensity of adobe bottom fabric part relatively can be lower in this case, after moulding can not direct demold, and if automated production, bed die can not be deviate from by the supporting plate restriction, so just need the more bed die of preparation, die cost is higher, and makes troubles for the preparation of brick;
Again, can not solve moulding problem more than two-layer multi-layer compound structure brick.
The applicant studies discovery, if can make mould move through the formation system of a plurality of distribution devices, a plurality of formers with production process, can effectively solve above-mentioned each problem, but adopt which kind of technique can realize easily under a plurality of formers, the two-layer composite brick being carried out moulding, avoid the pollution problem between the different layers material, and the problem that solves easily reception in the mold movement process, location, compression, molding, prior art does not provide solution.
Summary of the invention
Which kind of technique is the technical problem that the present invention solves adopt can realize easily under a plurality of formers, the two-layer composite brick being carried out moulding, avoids the pollution problem between the different layers material;
The present invention further solves the cloth problem of cloth difficulty material.
The present invention also solves in formation system and to adopt which kind of technique can realize that reception, compression, the demoulding and the mould of mould are to the problem of the conveying of subsequent processing on each former;
The last preparation technology's problem that further solves layer brick of the present invention;
In order to address the above problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of moulding process of brick formation system is characterized in that, described brick formation system comprises:
Some brick shaping moulds;
The first former;
With the first supporting distribution device of the first former;
The second former;
With the second supporting distribution device of the second former;
Transmit the first continuous conveying device of brick shaping mould between the first former and the second former;
Described moulding process comprises the following steps:
S1: brick shaping mould is sent to the first former, the first distribution device;
S2: the first distribution device carries out cloth to brick shaping mould, and after completing cloth, the first former carries out precompressed;
S3: after precompressed, brick shaping mould carries adobe and is sent to the second former, the second distribution device by the first continuous conveying device;
S4: the second distribution device is to the mould of adobe cloth again, and after completing cloth, the second former is suppressed and obtained final adobe.
Preferably,
Described brick shaping mould comprises framed and framed supporting plate, and described the first distribution device is arranged on the first former, and in described step S01, brick shaping mould is sent to the first former, the first distribution device comprises the following steps:
Mould support plate is sent into the pressure head below of the first former by the first continuous conveying device, framed first former that also is admitted to of while, and framed being depressed on mould support plate, and compress.
Preferably,
After described the second former is suppressed and is obtained final adobe, also be included on the second former framed step of sloughing from adobe, that sloughs adobe framedly is sent to described the first former and circulates, and the framed supporting plate of carrying adobe is sent to downstream process.
Preferably,
Described formation system also comprises the second continuous conveying device, that sloughs adobe framedly is sent to described the first former and circulates and comprise: describedly framedly taken back the first former by the second continuous conveying device from the second former, and be admitted to the first former.
Preferably,
Described framed comprise the first side wall that is oppositely arranged, the second sidewall and with described the first side wall, the second sidewall is adjacent and the 3rd sidewall, the 4th sidewall that are oppositely arranged, these four sidewalls surround die cavity, described die cavity is through hole, is formed with respectively one on described first, second sidewall outer surface along the groove of at least one end perforation of mould direction of transfer extension or the slide block that arranges along the mould direction of transfer;
Described the first former comprises:
Frame;
Molding device is arranged on described frame, the pressure head lift cylinder that comprises pressure head and be connected with pressure head;
The mould receiving system, comprise two support arms that are oppositely arranged, formation mould accommodating area between two support arms, be respectively equipped with on the end of the inboard of two described support arms along the slide block of mould direction of transfer setting or along the groove that the mould direction of transfer extends, at least one end connects, the groove that the slide block on described support arm or at least one end connect and the groove on mould or slide block are complementary; Described mould receiving system has top, operating position, two of bottoms;
The mould lift cylinder is arranged on frame, is used for controlling moving up and down of described mould receiving system;
Described framed supporting plate is sent into the pressure head below of the first former by the first continuous conveying device, framed first former that also is admitted to of while, and framed being depressed on framed supporting plate, and compress, comprise the following steps:
Described framed supporting plate is sent into the pressure head below of the first former by the first continuous conveying device, the described framed mould receiving system that is admitted to the first former that is positioned at the operating position, top, described support arm or framed on slide block embed in groove on described framed or support arm, described mould receiving system moves downward under the effect of mould lift cylinder to the operating position, bottom, be depressed on framed supporting plate framed, and compress.
Preferably,
Brick shaping mould in described step S3 carries before adobe is sent to the second former, the second distribution device, also comprise, described mould receiving system is upwards mentioned to the step that does not contact framed position under the effect of mould lift cylinder, and mould can be moved forward with the first continuous conveying device.
Preferably,
Described framed comprise the first side wall that is oppositely arranged, the second sidewall and with described the first side wall, the second sidewall is adjacent and the 3rd sidewall, the 4th sidewall that are oppositely arranged, these four sidewalls surround die cavity, described die cavity is through hole, be formed with respectively on described first, second sidewall outer surface groove that an at least one end that extends along the mould direction of transfer connects or or the slide block that arranges along the mould direction of transfer;
Described the second former comprises:
Frame;
Molding device is arranged on described frame, the pressure head lift cylinder that comprises pressure head and be connected with pressure head;
The mould receiving system, comprise two support arms that are oppositely arranged, formation mould accommodating area between two support arms, be respectively equipped with the slide block that arranges along the mould direction of transfer on the end of the inboard of two described support arms or along the groove that the mould direction of transfer extends, at least one end connects, the groove that the slide block on described support arm or at least one end connect and framed on groove or slide block be complementary; Described mould receiving system has top, operating position, two of bottoms;
Described the second former is suppressed and is obtained final adobe and comprise,
Brick shaping mould through cloth is again sent into the pressure head below of the second former by the first continuous conveying device, the described framed mould receiving system that is admitted to the second former that is positioned at the operating position, bottom, described support arm or framed on slide block embed in groove on described framed or support arm, described mould receiving system moves downward under the effect of mould lift cylinder, be depressed on framed supporting plate framed, and compress, then suppress obtaining final adobe.
Preferably, suppress obtain final adobe after, describedly on the second former, framed step of sloughing from adobe is comprised:
The first step: the pressure head of the second former is little to be lifted;
Second step: the mould lift cylinder is upwards mentioned framed to the operating position, top, carries out the demoulding;
The 3rd step: pressure head is got back to initial position, and framed supporting plate carries adobe and enters subsequent processing under the effect of the first continuous conveying device, is framedly sent back to the first former by the second continuous conveying device;
Preferably,
Described mould receiving system is provided with positioner, and described the first former, the second former also comprise the detection and location device when receiving mould or the mould of supporting plate carrying is arranged, judge the step whether mould puts in place.
Preferably,
Former in the middle of described formation system also comprises, middle apparatus for distributing,
Described moulding process is further comprising the steps of between step S03 and S04:
With the mould support plate of the base substrate after mould and precompressed by the first continuous conveying device carry successively into described in the middle of apparatus for distributing, middle former, perhaps pass through the middle former with middle apparatus for distributing, and complete cloth, the precompressed in intermediate layer.
Preferably, in the middle of described, former is provided with location-plate and the moving structure that is connected this location-plate, described moulding process is completed precompressed at middle former, before carrying out step S04, comprise also that described location-plate is removed so that the step that can pass through with the supporting plate of mould and adobe under the effect of travel mechanism
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
Moulding process of the present invention adopts the first continuous conveying device that brick shaping mould integral body is carried to the second former, the second apparatus for distributing from the first former, the first apparatus for distributing, and different brick layers of moulding on different formers respectively, thereby avoided pollution between the different layers material.
Technique of the present invention is by coordinating formation system to make apparatus for distributing to shift out independent setting from former, thereby for but apparatus for distributing provides larger operating space, solve the cloth problem that the sticking or other reasons of material physical property causes the material of cloth difficulty.
Technique of the present invention coordinates formation system can realize the continuous production of complex structure brick.
Moulding process of the present invention is when the moulding layer brick, and successively precompressed can increase the intensity of mould bottom, thereby the demoulding immediately after moulding coordinates other equipment can realize recycling of mould, reduces die cost.
Moulding process of the present invention is by controlling the mould receiving system on mould and former, the position relationship of pressure head, can solve easily reception, compression, the molding of mould, the problem of location.
Formation system in the present invention can freely be selected the quantity of former, when the precompressed of needs multilayer difference, only need to add corresponding apparatus for distributing and former at the first former and the second apparatus for distributing time sequencing, moulding process simultaneously of the present invention increases corresponding cloth pressing step, thereby can realize the moulding of multi-layer compound structure brick.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 a is the plan structure schematic diagram of a framed embodiment;
Fig. 1 b is the main TV structure schematic diagram of framed embodiment shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 1 c Fig. 1 b is along the cutaway view of A-A face;
Fig. 2 is for coordinating an example structure schematic diagram of framed former;
Fig. 3 a is the structural representation of an embodiment of mould receiving system;
Fig. 3 b is that Fig. 3 a is along the cutaway view of A-A face;
Fig. 3 c is that Fig. 3 a is along the cutaway view of B-B face;
Fig. 4 is that the structure of an embodiment of formation system of the present invention forms schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is that the structure of another embodiment of formation system of the present invention forms schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is typical process flow schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the first former in one embodiment of the present of invention---the technological process of production schematic diagram of press 1;
Fig. 8 is the second former in one embodiment of the present of invention---the technological process of production schematic diagram of press 2.
the 101-locating hole, 102-the 3rd sidewall, the 103-dividing plate, 104-submodule chamber, 105-the second sidewall, the 106-groove, 107, the 4th sidewall, the 108-the first side wall, 109-promotes supporting surface, 110-compresses supporting surface, 201-pressure head lift cylinder, 202-mould lift cylinder, the 203-pressure head, 204-mould receiving system, the 205-frame, the 206-vibrating device, the framed supporting plate of 207-, 208-brick shaping mold frame, the 209-cross bar, the 210-guide post, the 301-pilot hole, the 302-support arm, the 303-compact heap, the 304-rolling bearing, the 305-alignment pin, the 306-location-plate, 307-mould accommodating area, the 308-axle, 401-the first continuous conveying device, 402-the second continuous conveying device.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, technical scheme of the present invention and beneficial effect are further described.
Technique of the present invention can realize carrying out moulding to meeting the structure brick in system provided by the invention, and avoids the pollution between different interlayer material, comprises the following steps:
S1: brick shaping mould is sent to the first former, the first distribution device;
S2: the first distribution device carries out cloth to brick shaping mould, and after completing cloth, the first former carries out precompressed;
S3: after precompressed, brick shaping mould carries adobe and is sent to the second former, the second distribution device by the first continuous conveying device;
S4: the second distribution device is to the mould of adobe cloth again, and after completing cloth, the second former is suppressed and obtained final adobe.
When employing comprises the brick shaping mould of framed and framed base plate, technique of the present invention has been set up the processing step of the movement in the framed and framed base plate process of reproduction: framed supporting plate is sent into the pressure head below of the first former by the first continuous conveying device, framed first former that also is admitted to of while, framed being depressed on framed supporting plate, and compress; Under this processing step, framed and framed supporting plate constitutes mould on the first former, and completes cloth, precompressed.Certainly, but mould also can not adopt this step when adopting other structures.
Cloth problem for the material that solves the cloth difficulty, technique of the present invention coordinates the independent distribution device that arranges, be provided at before mould enters the second former, the step of first cloth, certainly, when the material cloth is easy, also can adopt mould to enter the second former, after compression, using the step that is arranged on the distribution device cloth on the second former.
In order to solve the compacting of multi-layer compound structure brick, the present invention also provides at middle distribution device, and the processing step on middle former if the brick body is only double-deck, does not need these steps.
The present invention also provides concrete technique for concrete system architecture provided by the invention, and for better explanation technique of the present invention, the below is to the invention provides concrete formation system, and in formation system, the structure of each equipment is specifically introduced:
Referring to accompanying drawing 1a, 1b, 1c, for with the formation system that the present invention is based in the schematic top plan view of a framed embodiment, in this embodiment, the first side wall 108, the second sidewall 105, the 3rd sidewall 102, the 4th sidewall 107 surround die cavity jointly, the illustrated embodiment die cavity has been divided into 4 sub-die cavitys 104 by dividing plate 103, like this can 4 adobes of one-shot forming, certainly, if need the more or adobe still less of one-shot forming, the mode that also can reduce or increase dividing plate increases, reduces the number in submodule chamber 104, does not even establish dividing plate 103.in order to realize framed reception in moving process, compress, the function such as mention, at framed the first side wall 108, be respectively arranged with the perforation groove 106 that extends along the mould direction of transfer on the outer surface of the second sidewall 105, this groove can be also the groove that an end connects in further embodiments, groove pass through openings direction on this moment two sidewalls should be identical, can also coordinate the mould receiving system on the former in the present invention, complete framed reception, compress, molding, groove 106 upper, bottom surface is respectively as promoting supporting surface 109, compress supporting surface 110.in addition, the framed movement with production line inevitably brought framed orientation problem on the brick machine, be framed need to be positioned to before compacting the former pressure head under, in order to realize the location, this embodiment is at the 3rd framed sidewall 102, two locating holes 101 are set respectively on the outer surface of the 4th sidewall 107, this locating hole can coordinate the alignment pin on mould receiving system in the present invention to complete framed location, locating hole 101 should make this positioner can play the framed horizontal displacement of restriction with the relative size of alignment pin, can make again simultaneously the framed effect that certain vertical displacement is arranged, so that framed in the situation that guarantee that horizontal level is constant can be compacted or mention, in order to complete this function, the locating hole 101 that illustrates framed embodiment adopts the long and narrow perforate of extending at vertical direction, the width of locating hole is a bit larger tham the external diameter of alignment pin, certainly framed the 3rd, the 4th sidewall outer surface can also arrange the positioner that other can play positioning function, such as alignment pin, can arrange locating hole on the mould receiving system this moment, perhaps when being provided with on the mould receiving system can independently realize the positioner of positioning function the time, this is framed need not set a device.The shape of these four framed sidewalls provided by the invention can be adjusted according to the shape of moulding object, when mould brick has the shape of rule, can adopt shape, first, second sidewall fit shapes that size is identical, big or small the 3rd, the 4th identical sidewall to surround die cavity, certainly when the moulding special shaped brick, also can adopt the sidewall of difformity, size.
Referring to accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3a to 3c, an embodiment for the former in the formation system that the present invention is based on, this embodiment comprises frame 205, with the molding device, the guide post 210 that are arranged on frame 205, molding device comprises pressure head 203 and controls the pressure head lift cylinder 201 that pressure head 203 moves up and down, pressure head lift cylinder 201 is connected on frame 205, pressure head 203 is connected on cross bar 209, be provided with the hole of passing for guide post 210 on cross bar 209, pressure head 203 can move up and down along guide post 210 under the effect of pressure head lift cylinder 201; Be provided with mould receiving system 204 below pressure head 203, mould receiving system 204 connects and is used for controlling its mould lift cylinder 202 that moves up and down, mould lift cylinder 202 is fixed on frame 205, mould receiving system 204 is provided with pilot hole 301, guide post 210 passes from pilot hole 301, and mould receiving system 204 can move up and down along this guide post 210 under the effect of mould lift cylinder 202; Referring to Fig. 3 a to 3c, structural representation for mould receiving system 204 in Fig. 2, be provided with mould accommodating area 307 on this mould receiving system, 307 both sides are respectively equipped with support arm 302 in the mould accommodating area, support arm coordinates the groove on framed 208 can guide framed 208 to enter mould accommodating area 307, thus make framed 208 in the mould accommodating area 307 turnover convenient.two support arms 302 link together by location-plate 306, the relative opposite side of location-plate 306 is import and export of framed 208 turnover mould accommodating areas 307, , it is flat tabular that the support arm of the mould receiving system in diagram becomes, with its end that is connected as a single entity slide block that is the groove fit on conduct and mould, be provided with rolling bearing 304 on the inner surface of support arm 302 end slide blocks, rolling bearing 304 is by axle 308 and be connected on the slide block of support arm end, be rolling friction between framed 208 and support arm 302 that rolling bearing makes, thereby reduced frictional force, the framed turnover that is is more prone to, saved simultaneously the energy, the wearing and tearing of the utensil that reduces.In the situation that rolling bearing 304 is set, support arm 302 can not effectively compress framed 208, illustrated embodiment arranges the compact heap 303 that exceeds rolling bearing 304 on the bottom surface of support arm 302 end slide blocks, thereby realize effectively compressing, the height that exceeds support arm 302 slide block bottom surfaces, end of compact heap 303 exceeds the height of support arm 302 slide block bottom surfaces, end greater than bearing 304.In further embodiments, also can fin or at least two pin-shaped projections be set as the groove fit on slide block and mould on the end surface of support arm, when on mould, fin being set, can also arrange on the support arm of mould receiving system and groove that this fin coordinates, the operation principle that groove is set on its operation principle and mould is identical.In order to coordinate the locating hole 101 on framed to realize framed location, be provided with alignment pin 305 on location-plate 306.In order to represent that conveniently the mould receiving system in accompanying drawing 2 does not comprise the location-plate 306 in accompanying drawing 3a.This embodiment adopts guide post as guider.
In the situation that the embodiment of above-mentioned former, framed when moving to this former position in moving process, the termination of support arm 302 will embed in framed groove 106 as slide block, the lifting supporting surface 109 of framed groove 106 contacts with the upper surface of rolling bearing 304, to drive rolling bearing 304 motions in framed fortune merits and demerits journey, thereby reduce friction, certainly in further embodiments, also can without rolling bearing, equally also can realize framed receiving function; When the alignment pin 305 on location-plate 306 slips into locating hole 101 on framed, framed stop motion, the mould receiving system can utilize that 303 pairs of compact heaps are framed presses down, compresses operation, perhaps utilize the upper limb of rolling bearing 304 to carrying out molding, the setting of compact heap 303 is because in the situation that be provided with rolling bearing 304, be rolling friction between the compression supporting surface 110 of support arm and groove 106, effective compression can not be realized, certainly also compact heap 303 can be do not established in the not high occasion of ask for something.The pressure head of former and mould receiving system use same guide post 210 in transporting up and down the merits and demerits journey, the projected position on horizontal plane that can guarantee mould receiving system, pressure head remains unchanged, thereby can guarantee framed can be all the time under pressure head, certainly, other guider also can, as long as mould receiving system and pressure head adopt same guider, just can practical function.Location-plate 306 in embodiment shown in accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3a to 3c is connected with support arm, relative position is fixing can better play positioning action, in some other embodiment, location-plate 306 can connect moving structure, thereby can complete parallel upwards or to left and right movement, this is mainly that location-plate 306 can be removed easily, abdicates passage for when framed 208 need to pass mould accommodating area 307.Simultaneously, in other embodiment, can also not adopt this detent mechanism of location-plate, such as can locator protrusions being set on the surface that connects a support arm, between locator protrusions on two support arms to import and export the position apart from mould wide, distance and the width of importing and exporting relative opposite side are suitable, then the cooperation position sensor also can complete the location, as long as can with relative the fixing in framed position with the mould receiving system.
Referring to accompanying drawing 4, structure chart for the embodiment of the formation system that the present invention is based on, this moulding comprises some framed supporting plates, some framed and the press 1, material distributing machine, press 2, the curing kilns that are connected successively by the first continuous conveying device 401, in some other embodiment, also can not comprise curing kilns in formation system, when not needing maintenance such as the moulding object; Press 1, press 2 namely are respectively the first former, the second former, wherein press 1 is with material distributing machine, for larger cloth operating space being provided for sticking fabric, so that sticking fabric is can cloth even, press 2 adopts the independent material distributing machine that arranges, certainly easier when inhomogeneous when fabric, also can not adopt independently material distributing machine.Be provided with between press 2 and press 1 for the plane, place higher than the first continuous conveying device 401, the position on movable framed the second continuous conveying device 402, the second continuous conveying device 402 planes, place that are transmitted back to press 1.when press arranges, the mould of the mould receiving system on press 1 is imported and exported towards identical with the traffic direction of the first continuous conveying device 401, the mould of the mould receiving system on press 2 is imported and exported towards opposite with the traffic direction of the first continuous conveying device 401, rising of the second continuous conveying device 402 devices, stop arranges respectively press 2, the mould import and export of the mould receiving system of press 1, arrange like this and can receive smoothly framed from the second continuous conveying device for the mould receiving system that guarantees press 1, do not hinder again simultaneously and framedly move to subsequent processing after precompressed, guarantee that simultaneously press can receive the first continuous carry framed, again can be with framed second continuous conveying device that is sent to after the demoulding.In order to save the space, the parallel setting that two press in system can be as shown in Figure 4, in further embodiments, order setting that also can be as shown in Figure 5.
Below in conjunction with the said equipment, formation system explanation moulding process of the present invention, referring to accompanying drawing 6, accompanying drawing 7, provided respectively the operating process of two press, specific as follows:
S01: the original state of press 1, mould receiving system are positioned at 402 of the second continuous conveying devices in the plane;
S02: framed supporting plate 207 is sent under the pressure head of press 1 by the first continuous conveying device 401, and in the framed mould receiving system of being sent into press 1 by the second continuous conveying device 102, this moment, the upper limb contact of rolling bearing of mould receiving system was framed;
S03: the compact heap contact of the mould receiving system of press 1 is framed, and is depressed into framed supporting plate with framed, and compresses;
S04: described the first distribution device cloth bed material;
S05: after cloth was completed, the pressure head of press 1 carried out precompressed to the material in mould;
S06: carry on pressure head and get back to initial position;
S07: the mould receiving system is little to be carried to not contacting framed position;
S08: the framed supporting plate with the base substrate after framed and precompressed is sent to material distributing machine by the first continuous conveying device 401;
S09: the mould receiving system of press 1 is retracted the second continuous conveying device 402 planes, place waits and is received next framed;
Through the material distributing machine cloth fabric, the framed supporting plate that carries framed, precompressed bed material, fabric is sent to press 2 by the first continuous conveying device, and the flow process of beginning on press 2 is specific as follows:
S11: the original state of press 2, mould receiving system are positioned at 401 of the first continuous conveying devices in the plane;
S12: the framed supporting plate that carries framed, precompressed bed material, fabric is sent into the mould receiving system of press 2 by the first continuous conveying device;
S13: it is framed that the compact heap of mould receiving system presses down compression;
S14: the pressure head of press 2 presses down (shaking device 206 work simultaneously);
S15: pressure head is little to be carried;
S16: the mould receiving system unclamps framed, and upwards mentions to the second continuous conveying device position framed, completes the demoulding;
S17: carry on pressure head and get back to initial position;
S18: the framed supporting plate with adobe is sent to subsequent processing by the first continuous conveying device, simultaneously framedly is sent to press 1 by the second continuous conveying device;
S19: the mould receiving system of press 2 is got back to original state.
Repeat above-mentioned press 1 to the step of press 2, can complete continuous production.
In step S15, pressure head is mentioned slightly, can prevent that adobe is with framed movement in the knockout course of S16, make the demoulding more convenient, can make pressure head not hinder the movement of the framed supporting plate that carries adobe simultaneously, certainly also can omit this step in the situation that adobe is easy to the demoulding.
When adobe needs maintenance, can increase curing kilns in system, and with maintenance as the subsequent processing in step S18, increase the step enter the curing kilns maintenance.
when adopting technique of the present invention to coordinate to comprise removable framed and formation systems two formers to complete the moulding of composite brick, complete respectively the compacting of two-layer compound brick bottom and surface layer because use two press, can avoid the pollution of different layers material on the one hand, on the other hand, through twice compacting, can strengthen the intensity of bottom, coordinate simultaneously that provided by the invention to have the one that connects die cavity framed, thereby realize the demoulding immediately after moulding, thereby coordinate moulding process of the present invention to make framed can again coming into operation as soon as possible, thereby reduce framed consumption, save die cost, can not produce simultaneously the orientation problem of using upper and lower mould to coordinate to form the upper and lower mould that die cavity brings.Technique in invention can make second press can adopt independently distribution device, thereby for cloth provides larger manipulation space, the uniform material cloth of convenient difficult cloth is even.
The formation system that the present invention is based on can arrange flexibly according to the structure of moulding object, the physical property of moulding object material used, and this moment, technique of the present invention can coordinate this equipment to complete the moulding of composite brick.For example, when the moulding object is the double-decker brick, only two formers need be set in system, when double-decker brick two kinds of materials used all more open, than being easier to cloth when even, two formers all can adopt the moulding press with apparatus for distributing, thereby save the space; When double-decker brick two kinds of materials used have a kind of physical property sticking or when having other to be difficult for the even performance of cloth, can adopt one with the moulding press of apparatus for distributing, the material distributing machine of one platform independent, a former, and will be placed on the first than being easier to the even material of cloth, and for better operation, the best layer bottom the most that thickness is thicker, precompressed on the First forming machine, moulding process of the present invention can be adjusted according to the adjustment of equipment the order of cloth, pressing step.If need to produce layer brick, only need to increase corresponding apparatus for distributing, middle press on production line, and the location-plate of the mould receiving system on middle press is arranged to movably form, framed supporting plate framed conveniently to carry, adobe enters subsequent processing after compacting is completed, perhaps adopt not hinder that carrying is framed, other locate modes of the operation of the framed supporting plate of adobe, such as the mode of locator protrusions provided by the invention.At this moment, technique of the present invention need to be increased in the burden distributing procedure of the apparatus for distributing of increase, and at the forming step of middle press, thereby completes the moulding of MULTILAYER COMPOSITE brick.

Claims (11)

1. the moulding process of a brick formation system, is characterized in that, described brick formation system comprises:
Some brick shaping moulds;
The first former;
With the first supporting distribution device of the first former;
The second former;
With the second supporting distribution device of the second former;
Transmit the first continuous conveying device of brick shaping mould between the first former and the second former;
Described moulding process comprises the following steps:
S1: brick shaping mould is sent to the first former, the first distribution device;
S2: the first distribution device carries out cloth to brick shaping mould, and after completing cloth, the first former carries out precompressed;
S3: after precompressed, brick shaping mould carries adobe and is sent to the second former, the second distribution device by the first continuous conveying device;
S4: the second distribution device is to the mould of adobe cloth again, and after completing cloth, the second former is suppressed and obtained final adobe.
2. moulding process according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described brick shaping mould comprises framed and framed supporting plate, and described the first distribution device is arranged on the first former, and in described step S01, brick shaping mould is sent to the first former, the first distribution device comprises the following steps:
Mould support plate is sent into the pressure head below of the first former by the first continuous conveying device, framed first former that also is admitted to of while, and framed being depressed on mould support plate, and compress.
3. moulding process according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, after described the second former is suppressed and is obtained final adobe, also be included on the second former framed step of sloughing from adobe, that sloughs adobe framedly is sent to described the first former and circulates, and the framed supporting plate of carrying adobe is sent to downstream process.
4. moulding process according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described formation system also comprises the second continuous conveying device, that sloughs adobe framedly is sent to described the first former and circulates and comprise: describedly framedly taken back the first former by the second continuous conveying device from the second former, and be admitted to the first former.
According to claim 2 to 4 arbitrary described moulding process, it is characterized in that:
Described framed comprise the first side wall that is oppositely arranged, the second sidewall and with described the first side wall, the second sidewall is adjacent and the 3rd sidewall, the 4th sidewall that are oppositely arranged, these four sidewalls surround die cavity, described die cavity is through hole, is formed with respectively one on described first, second sidewall outer surface along the groove of at least one end perforation of mould direction of transfer extension or the slide block that arranges along the mould direction of transfer;
Described the first former comprises:
Frame;
Molding device is arranged on described frame, the pressure head lift cylinder that comprises pressure head and be connected with pressure head;
The mould receiving system, comprise two support arms that are oppositely arranged, formation mould accommodating area between two support arms, be respectively equipped with on the end of the inboard of two described support arms along the slide block of mould direction of transfer setting or along the groove that the mould direction of transfer extends, at least one end connects, the groove that the slide block on described support arm or at least one end connect and the groove on mould or slide block are complementary; Described mould receiving system has top, operating position, two of bottoms;
The mould lift cylinder is arranged on frame, is used for controlling moving up and down of described mould receiving system;
Described framed supporting plate is sent into the pressure head below of the first former by the first continuous conveying device, framed first former that also is admitted to of while, and framed being depressed on framed supporting plate, and compress, comprise the following steps:
Described framed supporting plate is sent into the pressure head below of the first former by the first continuous conveying device, the described framed mould receiving system that is admitted to the first former that is positioned at the operating position, top, described support arm or framed on slide block embed in groove on described framed or support arm, described mould receiving system moves downward under the effect of mould lift cylinder to the operating position, bottom, be depressed on framed supporting plate framed, and compress.
6. moulding process according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the brick shaping mould in described step S3 carries before adobe is sent to the second former, the second distribution device, also comprise, described mould receiving system is upwards mentioned to the step that does not contact framed position under the effect of mould lift cylinder, and mould can be moved forward with the first continuous conveying device.
According to claim 2 to 4 arbitrary described moulding process, it is characterized in that:
Described framed comprise the first side wall that is oppositely arranged, the second sidewall and with described the first side wall, the second sidewall is adjacent and the 3rd sidewall, the 4th sidewall that are oppositely arranged, these four sidewalls surround die cavity, described die cavity is through hole, be formed with respectively on described first, second sidewall outer surface groove that an at least one end that extends along the mould direction of transfer connects or or the slide block that arranges along the mould direction of transfer;
Described the second former comprises:
Frame;
Molding device is arranged on described frame, the pressure head lift cylinder that comprises pressure head and be connected with pressure head;
The mould receiving system, comprise two support arms that are oppositely arranged, formation mould accommodating area between two support arms, be respectively equipped with the slide block that arranges along the mould direction of transfer on the end of the inboard of two described support arms or along the groove that the mould direction of transfer extends, at least one end connects, the groove that the slide block on described support arm or at least one end connect and framed on groove or slide block be complementary; Described mould receiving system has top, operating position, two of bottoms;
Described the second former is suppressed and is obtained final adobe and comprise,
Brick shaping mould through cloth is again sent into the pressure head below of the second former by the first continuous conveying device, the described framed mould receiving system that is admitted to the second former that is positioned at the operating position, bottom, described support arm or framed on slide block embed in groove on described framed or support arm, described mould receiving system moves downward under the effect of mould lift cylinder, be depressed on framed supporting plate framed, and compress, then suppress obtaining final adobe.
8. moulding process according to claim 7 is characterized in that: suppress obtain final adobe after, describedly on the second former, framed step of sloughing from adobe is comprised:
The first step: the pressure head of the second former is little to be lifted;
Second step: the mould lift cylinder is upwards mentioned framed to the operating position, top, carries out the demoulding;
The 3rd step: pressure head is got back to initial position, and framed supporting plate carries adobe and enters subsequent processing under the effect of the first continuous conveying device, is framedly sent back to the first former by the second continuous conveying device;
According to claim 1 to 8 arbitrary described moulding process, it is characterized in that: described mould receiving system is provided with positioner, described the first former, the second former are when receiving mould or the mould of supporting plate carrying is arranged, also comprise the detection and location device, judge the step whether mould puts in place.
According to claim 1 to 9 arbitrary described moulding process, it is characterized in that, described formation system also comprise in the middle of former, middle apparatus for distributing,
Described moulding process is further comprising the steps of between step S03 and S04:
With the mould support plate of the base substrate after mould and precompressed by the first continuous conveying device carry successively into described in the middle of apparatus for distributing, middle former, perhaps pass through the middle former with middle apparatus for distributing, and complete cloth, the precompressed in intermediate layer.
11. moulding process according to claim 10, it is characterized in that: in the middle of described, former is provided with location-plate and the moving structure that is connected this location-plate, described moulding process is completed precompressed at middle former, before carrying out step S04, comprise also that described location-plate is removed so that the step that can pass through with the supporting plate of mould and adobe under the effect of travel mechanism.
CN201110444938.9A 2011-12-27 2011-12-27 A kind of moulding process of composite structural brick Active CN103171045B (en)

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CN103481354A (en) * 2013-09-16 2014-01-01 武汉钢铁(集团)公司 Refractory brick mold and brick molding method thereof
CN103921336A (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-07-16 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Composite brick making machine with double stations and double press heads
CN104963477A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-07 广东天弼陶瓷有限公司 Ceramic brick and production method and production line thereof
CN105437355A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-30 李仰水 Dry-wet forming method and device for an artificial stone
CN108265981A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-07-10 苏州市吴中区东吴建筑有限责任公司 A kind of design method of building element production technology layout

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CN101117000A (en) * 2006-08-01 2008-02-06 谢永杰 Method for preparation of composite hollow tile for ornamenting
JP2008258235A (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-10-23 Seiko Epson Corp Manufacturing method of forming body, forming device, and manufacturing method of sintered compact
CN201333747Y (en) * 2008-12-29 2009-10-28 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Brick-making installation
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CN103481354A (en) * 2013-09-16 2014-01-01 武汉钢铁(集团)公司 Refractory brick mold and brick molding method thereof
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