CN101117000A - Method for preparation of composite hollow tile for ornamenting - Google Patents

Method for preparation of composite hollow tile for ornamenting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101117000A
CN101117000A CNA2006101041451A CN200610104145A CN101117000A CN 101117000 A CN101117000 A CN 101117000A CN A2006101041451 A CNA2006101041451 A CN A2006101041451A CN 200610104145 A CN200610104145 A CN 200610104145A CN 101117000 A CN101117000 A CN 101117000A
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China
Prior art keywords
brick
bricks
water
relievo
basso
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CNA2006101041451A
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CN101117000B (en
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谢永杰
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谢永杰
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Publication of CN101117000B publication Critical patent/CN101117000B/en
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Abstract

The invention comprises the following steps: (1) Stirring cement, stone dust, rock ballast and water to form base stock according to a certain weight proportion. (2) Putting the base stock in the lower mould frame of a mould, and prepressing the base stock in a hydraulic pressure moulding machine to form a base stock layer. (3) Stirring the solution mixed by cement, silver sand, colourful paint, water repellent and water according to a certain weight proportion to form a colourful material. (4) Filling the colourful material in the lower mould frame of the base stock layer, and pressing the colourful material with the hydraulic pressure moulding machine to form colourful decorated basso-relievo bricks. (5) Ejecting the basso-relievo bricks from the mould frame waiting to be used. (6) Stirring stone dust, rock ballast, cement and water separately according to a certain weight proportion to form a mixed material. (7) Pouring the mixed material in an air brick mould, shaking and pressing the mixed material to form a certain form. (8) Dipping the basso-relievo bricks in water and then taking out, putting the basso-relievo bricks on the air bricks, knocking and pressing the basso-relievo bricks, the grout flows in the flutes on the back of the basso-relievo bricks to make the basso-relievo bricks combine with the air bricks firmly. (9) Disassembling the mould, watering and maintaining the bricks after the bricks solidified.

Description

A kind of manufacture method of composite decoration hollow brick
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of manufacture method of construction material, especially refer to a kind of manufacture method of composite decoration hollow brick.
Background technology
The city high rise building mansion stands in great numbers, and employed hollow brick mostly simply assembles and forms, and its resistance to compression, anti-seismic performance are relatively poor.Simultaneously, along with the continuous development of economic construction, employed furring brick of the decoration of exterior wall of building or the stone slab problem that easily comes off more and more becomes the complaint focus of construction engineering quality.The residential project exterior wall problem that more particularly has a large capacity and a wide range is still quite serious, different because of having hollow brick now with furring brick or stone slab material, reasons such as shrinkage factor is inconsistent, behind the heavy rain, easily produce seepage, the wet seal of sheet sheet, mouldy appears in inner side of outer wall, and the wall decoration layer rouses, comes off because of moist rising.This has had a strong impact on the function of use of building, brings loss for people's economic asset, and life is made troubles, even influences people's life security.According to national relevant regulations, the external wall restriction furring brick in 24 meters to 50 meters of the terrain clearances; The external wall of terrain clearance more than 50 meters forbidden furring brick.As seen, existing hollow brick except exist resistance to compression, anti-seismic performance relatively poor, furring brick or stone slab that its decoration of exterior wall adopts also exist caducous potential safety hazard, single, the high deficiency of decorative engineering cost of color.
Summary of the invention
The present invention seeks to overcome deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of do not need to decorate separately fine decorative effect is just arranged, have the manufacture method of the composite decoration hollow brick of characteristics such as resistance to compression, anti-seismic performance be strong simultaneously.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention may further comprise the steps:
(1) 425 Portland cements, stone flour, rock ballast and water are stirred into the base-material of even leather hard respectively by 17~24%, 30~43%, 33~47% and 4~6% weight ratio.
(2) base-material is put into the low mold frame of polychromy embossment bricks die, filled up framed and wipe off, precompressed on make-up machine descends 3~8 millimeters the base-material in framed, forms binder layer.
(3) by weight, the solution 2~7% that 425 normal silicate white cements 40~50%, fine sand 40~50%, color pigment 8~15% and the strong waterproofing agent of HM superelevation and water are made into 1: 16~20 weight ratios stirs into the colored lining of even leather hard.
(4) colored lining is inserted in the low mold frame of binder layer, and wipe off, form the flour mixed with adulterants bed of material, then use the pressure greater than 10Mpa that the binder layer in the low mold frame and the flour mixed with adulterants bed of material are pressurizeed on make-up machine, formation thickness is 15~25 millimeters polychromy embossment brick.
(5) polychromy embossment brick is ejected from framed, rested 24 hours.During resting, can not wind, Exposure to Sunlight, water waters and drench with rain, answer sunshade, keep out the wind and preserve moisture.After 24 hours,, stand-by with polychromy embossment brick watering natural curing 6 days.
(6) stone flour, rock ballast, cement and water are stirred into the compound of even thick shape respectively by the weight ratio of 30-40%, 35-45%, 10-20% and 10-15%.
(7) compound with thick shape is poured in the novel hollow bricks die that assembles, and is placed on and shakes extrusion forming on the bumper.
(8) the polychromy embossment brick that will maintain 7 days is placed on and soaks after 30 minutes in the clear water, from water, take out, be placed directly on the good novel hollow brick of firm cast, and knocking gently, pressurization, allow cement mortar enter in the groove at the polychromy embossment brick back side, make the firm wedge embedding of anaglyph decorative brick and novel hollow brick compound.
(9) behind the composite solidification second day be collapsible die, water, carried out nature maintenance 28 days or get final product with the steam maintenance.
The present invention is all right:
Respectively be provided with half arc groove around the described novel hollow brick side, be provided with a hole that connects between the top and bottom at length direction middle part at least.
The n bar tongue and groove that the described polychromy embossment brick back side has can be that vertical direction is arranged, transversely arranged, arranged askew, can also be cross arrangement.
The color mix precoat thickness of described polychromy embossment brick is preferably the 3-8 millimeter.
The present invention's advantage compared with prior art is:
1. structure is unique, and is elegant in appearance.By changing different moulds, can obtain different decorative patterns.And composite decoration hollow brick colour plane floral designs are clear, and the surface three-dimensional sense is strong, and the decorative effect of mural painting is arranged, and can satisfy the needs that different Architectural Equipments are decorated.
2. avoid furring brick to come off, improve security.The design of the back side of anaglyph decorative brick has the concavo-convex groove of n bar, with the novel hollow brick compound after, form the wedge embedding formula combination of matrix and polychromy embossment brick, improved the stability of combination; Simultaneously, polychromy embossment brick is similar to novel hollow brick material, and shrinkage factor is close, has more cohesive, avoids the generation of obscission.
3 anticorrosive, do not seep water.Because of existing. insert the strong waterproofing agent of HM superelevation in the color mix precoat, the brick face does not seep water, and forms the globule, and the effect of " lotus leaf effect " is arranged, and has anticorrosive, freeze proof, easy flushing, a function that do not seep water, and is more suitable for modern people's life staying idle at home.
4. packing is good, and shock resistance is strong.The outer surface of novel hollow brick compound after the high polychromy embossment brick of packing, improved the bulk strength of brick.Simultaneously, respectively be provided with half arc groove around the novel hollow brick side, at least be provided with a hole that connects between the top and bottom at length direction middle part, be characterized in can about, about network, water, electric line etc. are installed on demand in the body of wall that communicates, also can in the hole that connects, insert reinforcing bar, pour into concrete, thereby improve the anti-seismic performance of body of wall.
5. heat insulation, insulation, environmental protection again.The waste utilization rate of composite decoration hollow brick is up to 70~80%, discarded object such as stone flour, rock ballast are reclaimed fully and utilizes, and solved the pollution problem of the discarded object of long-term restriction processing of stone enterprise development, helps the development of environmental protection industry; Simultaneously, this product was both heat insulation, again insulation.
6. architecture and decoration is synchronous, simplifies decoration process.Needn't carry out the exterior wall secondary and decorate, can directly be built into dry wall.Labor and material saving reduces the decorative engineering cost, and can obtain the excellent decoration effect.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, the invention will be further described.
The base-material that 425 Portland cements, stone flour, particle diameter rock ballast below 10 millimeters and water are stirred into even leather hard by 15%, 38%, 42% and 5% weight ratio respectively 1..
1. base-material puts into the low mold frame of polychromy embossment bricks die, fills up framed and strickling, and precompressed on make-up machine descends 5 millimeters framed interior base-material, forms binder layer 2..
By weight, the colored lining that the solution of 425 normal silicate white cements, fine sand, color pigment and strong waterproofing agent of HM superelevation and water is stirred into even leather hard in 45%, 45%, 8% and 2% ratio respectively 3., the weight ratio of HM ultra high efficiency waterproofing agent and water is 1: 18.
3. colored lining is inserted binder layer 2. in the low mold frame of mould, and wipe off, form the flour mixed with adulterants bed of material 4., then on make-up machine, use pressure that 4. 2. the binder layer in the low mold frame pressurizeed with the flour mixed with adulterants bed of material greater than 10Mpa, make length and be 270 millimeters, width and be 20 millimeters, highly be 120 millimeters polychromy embossment brick 5..
5. polychromy embossment brick is ejected from low mold frame, rested 24 hours.Can not wind, Exposure to Sunlight in during resting, water waters and drench with rain, answer sunshade, keep out the wind and preserve moisture.After 24 hours,, stand-by with polychromy embossment brick watering natural curing 6 days.
With 425 Portland cements, stone flour, particle diameter below 10 millimeters rock ballast and water stir into even thick shape by 15%, 36%, 39% and 10% weight ratio respectively compound 6..
6. the compound of thick shape is poured in the novel hollow bricks die that assembles, be placed on the bumper vibrations pressurize into length be 270 millimeters, width be 120 millimeters, highly be 120 millimeters the novel hollow brick 7..
With 7 days polychromy embossment brick of maintenance 5. be placed on soak 30 minutes in the clear water after, from water, take out, 7. good novel hollow brick is gone up to be placed directly in firm cast, add cement mortar, and knocking gently, pressurization, allow cement mortar enter polychromy embossment brick 5. in the groove at the back side, it is 5. compound with novel hollow brick wedge embedding formula 7. to form polychromy embossment brick, has improved the stability of combination; Produce length and be 270 millimeters, width and be 140 millimeters, highly be 120 millimeters the composite decoration hollow brick 8..
The composite decoration hollow brick 8. behind the composite solidification second day be collapsible die, water, carried out the nature maintenance 28 days or get final product with the steam maintenance.
Novel hollow brick of the present invention forward and backward face thickness does not 7. wait, forward and backward face refers to long and high two faces forming, the front be 25 millimeters thin layer 9., the back be 45 millimeters thick-layer 10., polychromy embossment brick 5. the back side tongue and groove and thin layer 9. the wedge embedding combine, form whole composite decoration hollow brick.
The polychromy embossment brick of the present invention 5. back side has n bar tongue and groove, can be that vertical direction is arranged, and transversely arranged, arranged askew can also be cross arrangement.
7. novel hollow brick of the present invention respectively is provided with a diameter around the side is 50 millimeters semi arch groove, is provided with the circular hole that a diameter is 50 millimeters perforations between the top and bottom at length direction middle part.
Composite decoration hollow brick of the present invention, the detection that the method for (GB8239-1997) stipulating by national standard " normal concrete small hollow block " through Quanzhou City's building engineering quality supervision measuring station is carried out, strength grade is MU10.0, meets the building standard of country about hollow brick.

Claims (4)

1. the manufacture method of a composite decoration hollow brick is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) 425 Portland cements, stone flour, rock ballast and water are stirred into the base-material of even leather hard respectively by 17~24%, 30~43%, 33~47% and 4~6% weight ratio.
(2) base-material is put into the low mold frame of polychromy embossment bricks die, filled up framed and wipe off, precompressed on make-up machine descends 3~8 millimeters the base-material in framed, forms binder layer.
(3) by weight, the solution 2~7% that 425 normal silicate white cements 40~50%, fine sand 40~50%, color pigment 8~15% and the strong waterproofing agent of HM superelevation and water are made into 1: 16~20 ratios stirs into the colored lining of even leather hard.
(4) colored lining is inserted in the low mold frame of binder layer, and wipe off, form the flour mixed with adulterants bed of material, then on make-up machine, use pressure that the binder layer in the low mold frame and the flour mixed with adulterants bed of material are pressurizeed, make thickness and be 15~25 millimeters polychromy embossment brick greater than 10Mpa.
(5) polychromy embossment brick is ejected from framed, rested 24 hours.Can not wind, Exposure to Sunlight in during resting, water waters and drench with rain, answer sunshade, keep out the wind and preserve moisture.After 24 hours,, stand-by with polychromy embossment brick watering natural curing 6 days.
(6) stone flour, rock ballast, cement and water are stirred into the compound of even thick shape respectively by the weight ratio of 30-40%, 35-45%, 10-20% and 10-15%.
(7) compound with thick shape is poured in the novel hollow bricks die that assembles, and is placed on and shakes extrusion forming on the bumper.
(8) the polychromy embossment brick that will maintain 7 days is placed on and soaks after 30 minutes in the clear water, from water, take out, be placed directly on the good novel hollow brick of firm cast, and knocking gently, pressurization, allow cement mortar enter in the groove at the polychromy embossment brick back side, make the firm wedge embedding of polychromy embossment brick and novel hollow brick compound.
(9) behind the composite solidification second day be collapsible die, water, carried out nature maintenance 28 days or get final product with the steam maintenance.
2. the manufacture method of a kind of composite decoration hollow brick according to claim 1 is characterized in that: respectively be provided with half arc groove around the hollow brick side, be provided with a hole that connects between the top and bottom at length direction middle part at least.
3. the manufacture method of a kind of composite decoration hollow brick according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the tongue and groove at the polychromy embossment brick back side can be that vertical direction is arranged, and transversely arranged, arranged askew can also be cross arrangement.
4. the manufacture method of a kind of composite decoration hollow brick according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the mixed cloth layer thickness of polychromy embossment brick is preferably the 3-8 millimeter.
CN2006101041451A 2006-08-01 2006-08-01 Method for preparation of composite hollow tile for ornamenting Expired - Fee Related CN101117000B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2006101041451A CN101117000B (en) 2006-08-01 2006-08-01 Method for preparation of composite hollow tile for ornamenting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2006101041451A CN101117000B (en) 2006-08-01 2006-08-01 Method for preparation of composite hollow tile for ornamenting

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CN101117000A true CN101117000A (en) 2008-02-06
CN101117000B CN101117000B (en) 2010-08-25

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103074981A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-01 刘贤诚 Mosaic decorating tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN103073248A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-01 刘贤诚 Decorative brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN103088982A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-08 刘贤诚 Mosaic decorative brick and manufacture method thereof
CN103147551A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-12 刘贤诚 Decoration brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN103158197A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-06-19 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Molding system of composite structural brick
CN103171045A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Forming process of brick in composite structure
CN103862553A (en) * 2011-09-30 2014-06-18 泉州保丽龙智能科技有限公司 Production device for insulating bricks
CN106007551A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-10-12 刘堂春 Special cement embossed brick product and preparation technology thereof
CN110281348A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-09-27 王树华 A kind of environmental protection shaped brick and its processing unit (plant)

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2307853Y (en) * 1997-04-16 1999-02-17 陈小泉 Glazed tile for bearing wall
JP4521497B2 (en) * 2003-06-17 2010-08-11 株式会社ストーンワークス Shirasu concrete decorative material and manufacturing method thereof

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103862553A (en) * 2011-09-30 2014-06-18 泉州保丽龙智能科技有限公司 Production device for insulating bricks
CN103862553B (en) * 2011-09-30 2016-03-30 泉州保丽龙智能科技有限公司 A kind of production equipment of insulating brick
CN103158197B (en) * 2011-12-27 2015-09-16 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 A kind of formation system of composite structural brick
CN103171045B (en) * 2011-12-27 2015-09-16 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 A kind of moulding process of composite structural brick
CN103158197A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-06-19 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Molding system of composite structural brick
CN103171045A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Forming process of brick in composite structure
CN103074981A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-01 刘贤诚 Mosaic decorating tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN103074981B (en) * 2013-02-06 2015-05-27 刘贤诚 Mosaic decorating tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN103088982B (en) * 2013-02-06 2015-07-01 刘贤诚 Mosaic decorative brick and manufacture method thereof
CN103147551A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-12 刘贤诚 Decoration brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN103088982A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-08 刘贤诚 Mosaic decorative brick and manufacture method thereof
CN103073248A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-01 刘贤诚 Decorative brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN106007551A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-10-12 刘堂春 Special cement embossed brick product and preparation technology thereof
CN110281348A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-09-27 王树华 A kind of environmental protection shaped brick and its processing unit (plant)

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