CN108265981B - Design method of building component production process layout - Google Patents

Design method of building component production process layout Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108265981B
CN108265981B CN201810049150.XA CN201810049150A CN108265981B CN 108265981 B CN108265981 B CN 108265981B CN 201810049150 A CN201810049150 A CN 201810049150A CN 108265981 B CN108265981 B CN 108265981B
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template
installation
station
moving
die
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CN108265981A (en
Inventor
王灯球
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Suzhou Wuzhong District Dong Wu Building Co Ltd
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Suzhou Wuzhong District Dong Wu Building Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/142Means in or on the elements for connecting same to handling apparatus
    • E04G21/147Means in or on the elements for connecting same to handling apparatus specific for prefabricated masonry wall elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a design method of a production process layout of a building component, which comprises the steps of cleaning a mould, then carrying out reinforcing steel bar template installation and embedded part installation, and carrying out primary concrete distribution, wherein if secondary template installation is not needed, the mould can be moved from a primary distribution station to a secondary distribution station through a mould transverse moving vehicle, so that the number of secondary template installation stations is reduced; and when the secondary template is required to be installed, firstly moving to a secondary template installation station for installation, then moving to a secondary material distribution station, then carrying out pre-curing and three-dimensional curing, and finally demoulding to obtain the building component. The production of the heat-insulating outer wall, the inner wall and the composite floor slab is carried out according to production needs, wherein the die table can be prevented from passing through a secondary template mounting station when the inner wall and the composite floor slab are produced, so that the time can be saved, and the construction efficiency is improved.

Description

Design method of building component production process layout
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building materials, in particular to a design method of a production process layout of a concrete prefabricated part for an assembly type building.
Background
With the continuous enhancement of the economic strength of China, the requirements for newly built buildings are continuously improved, and new technologies and new processes are more and more from structures to functions, and from materials to construction.
At present, most of newly-built building walls are still constructed in a traditional concrete pouring or building mode, and the problems of long construction period, serious pollution on a construction site, low labor productivity, unstable quality, large waste and loss and the like exist. The prefabricated components such as the prefabricated concrete wall panels and the like are used for building houses in an industrial production mode, and the building components are prefabricated and formed in factories and directly transported to the site for assembly. The application of prefabricated components such as the prefabricated concrete wall panel and the like can greatly reduce the labor intensity of engineering construction personnel, and the cross operation is convenient and orderly; each procedure in the assembly can be checked for accuracy like equipment installation so as to ensure construction quality; meanwhile, the noise during construction is reduced, the material stacking area is reduced, and the environment is protected.
The existing building components comprise an insulating outer wall, an inner wall, a laminated floor slab, a stair, a laminated beam, a prefabricated column and the like, wherein the inner wall and the laminated floor slab only need to be subjected to primary distribution (primary concrete pouring), the insulating outer wall needs to be subjected to secondary distribution (secondary concrete pouring), the existing production workshop is suitable for production of two types of building components, the inner wall and the laminated floor slab need to be subjected to secondary distribution during production, unnecessary time waste is caused, and production efficiency is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects, the invention aims to provide a design method of a production process layout of a building component, which can distinguish primary material distribution and secondary material distribution, thereby realizing two processing modes on one production line and further improving the production efficiency.
In order to achieve the above purposes, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: a design method for a production process layout of a building component comprises the following steps:
cleaning a die table by using a cleaning machine, and cleaning and checking the cleaned die table to ensure the surface cleanliness of the die table and ensure the installation of a subsequent template;
moving the die table to a reinforcing steel bar template mounting station along a ground track after the die table is checked to be qualified, then mounting the template on the die table, coating a release agent on the surface of the template after the template is mounted, and performing one-time reinforcing steel bar mounting on the template after the release agent is condensed; therefore, after the building components are prefabricated, the building components can be conveniently taken out of the template, so that the template can be repeatedly utilized;
moving the die table to an embedded part mounting station for embedded part mounting after the steel bars are mounted, moving the die table to a material distribution station after the embedded parts are mounted, and performing one-time concrete pouring at the material distribution station by using a material distributor;
step four, after concrete pouring is finished, judging whether secondary template installation is needed or not according to actual needs; executing the step five when the secondary template installation is needed; when the secondary template installation is not needed, the mold table is moved to a secondary material distribution station by the mold table transverse moving vehicle, and the step six is executed; in the production process, the heat-insulating outer wall needs secondary template installation, and the inner wall and the laminated floor do not need;
moving the mold table to an upper-layer template mounting station along a ground track, and carrying out secondary template mounting at the station; after the secondary template is installed, secondary steel bar installation, secondary embedded part installation and decorative heat-insulating layer installation are carried out; after the installation is finished, the die table is moved to a secondary material distribution station;
step six, judging whether the die table is subjected to secondary template installation or not after the die table moves to a secondary material distribution station; if the secondary template installation is not carried out, executing the step eight; if the secondary template installation is carried out, executing a seventh step;
seventhly, performing secondary concrete pouring, moving the mould platform to a vibration leveling station to perform vibration leveling on the concrete surface, and judging whether roughening treatment needs to be performed on the concrete surface; if the wool is required to be napped, executing the step eight after the vibration leveling and napping treatment is finished; step eight is executed after the vibration leveling is finished without napping treatment;
moving the mould table into a pre-curing kiln for 2-3 hours to enable the concrete to reach an initial setting state;
step nine, moving the mold table to a plastering station after the pre-curing kiln is finished, and performing calendaring and flattening on the surface of the concrete by using a plastering machine at the plastering station to enable the surface of the building member to be smooth and flat;
step ten, moving the mould platform to a three-dimensional curing kiln along a ground track after finishing plastering, and curing for 8-10 hours in the curing kiln to enable the concrete to be solidified to reach 70% strength; after the three-dimensional maintenance is finished, moving the mold table to a mold removal station along the ground track for mold removal treatment;
step eleven, moving the die table to a turning plate station along a ground track to carry out turning plate lifting after the die is disassembled; and executing the step one after the turning plate hoisting is finished.
According to the invention, primary template installation and secondary template installation can be distinguished as required, if secondary template installation is not required, the mold table can be moved from a primary material distribution station to a secondary material distribution station through the mold table transverse moving vehicle, so that the number of stations for secondary template installation and the like is reduced; and when the secondary template is required to be installed, firstly moving to a secondary template installation station for installation, then moving to a secondary material distribution station, then carrying out pre-curing and three-dimensional curing, and finally demoulding to obtain the building component. The production of the heat-insulating outer wall, the inner wall and the composite floor slab is carried out according to production needs, wherein the die table can be prevented from passing through a secondary template mounting station when the inner wall and the composite floor slab are produced, so that the time can be saved, and the construction efficiency is improved.
Preferably, the bar installation comprises parallel welded mesh reinforcement and separate flat wale bars connected at ends thereof to the mesh reinforcement and maintaining the mesh reinforcement at a predetermined space therebetween, the flat wale bars being arranged in a row. The stull reinforcing bar through the in bank setting makes concrete and reinforcing bar net can obtain abundant contact, improves the fastness between the two, and then improves the holistic fastness of building element.
Preferably, the embedded part installation comprises a wiring pipe for water and electricity wiring, a splicing plate for building component assembly and a hoisting part. The wiring pipe enables the subsequent wiring of electric wires, water pipes and the like of the building to have basis, does not need to be knocked on the wall, further does not damage the wall body of the building, and is beneficial to the firmness of the building after the building components are assembled; the splice plates can conveniently combine the building components, so that the construction speed is improved; the application of the hoisting piece is convenient for the transportation of subsequent building components.
Preferably, the reinforcing mesh is formed by intersecting parallel longitudinal reinforcing bars and parallel transverse reinforcing bars, and is fixed at the intersection of the longitudinal reinforcing bars and the transverse reinforcing bars by welding or steel wire binding. The reinforcing mesh manufactured by the method has firm structure, and is beneficial to improving the firmness of subsequent building components.
Preferably, the insulation board is one of a molded polystyrene insulation board, an extruded polystyrene insulation board, a hard polyurethane foam board, a phenolic foam board, a foamed cement insulation board, a perlite insulation board or an STP insulation board.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic outflow diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the primary cloth and the secondary cloth in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, will make the advantages and features of the invention easier to understand by those skilled in the art, and thus will clearly and clearly define the scope of the invention.
Examples
In this embodiment, a method for designing a production process layout of a building element includes the steps of:
s1, cleaning the die table by a cleaning machine, and cleaning and checking the cleaned die table to ensure the surface cleanliness of the die table and ensure the installation of a subsequent template;
s2, after the die table is checked to be qualified, moving the die table to a reinforcing steel bar template mounting station along a ground track, then mounting the template on the die table, coating a release agent on the surface of the template after the template is mounted, and after the release agent is solidified, carrying out primary reinforcing steel bar mounting on the template; therefore, after the building components are prefabricated, the building components can be conveniently taken out of the template, so that the template can be repeatedly utilized;
s3, moving the die table to an embedded part mounting station for embedded part mounting after the steel bars are mounted, moving the die table to a material distribution station after the embedded parts are mounted, and performing one-time concrete pouring at the material distribution station by using a material distributor;
s4, after concrete pouring is finished, judging whether secondary template installation is needed or not according to actual needs; executing the step five when the secondary template installation is needed; when the secondary template installation is not needed, the mold table is moved to a secondary material distribution station by the mold table transverse moving vehicle, and the step six is executed; in the production process, the heat-insulating outer wall needs secondary template installation, and the inner wall and the laminated floor do not need;
s5, moving the die table to an upper-layer die plate mounting station along the ground rail, and carrying out secondary die plate mounting at the station; after the secondary template is installed, secondary steel bar installation, secondary embedded part installation and decorative heat-insulating layer installation are carried out; after the installation is finished, the die table is moved to a secondary material distribution station;
s6, judging whether the die table is subjected to secondary template installation or not after the die table moves to the secondary material distribution station; if the secondary template installation is not carried out, executing the step eight; if the secondary template installation is carried out, executing a seventh step;
s7, secondary concrete pouring is carried out, then the mould platform is moved to a vibration leveling station to carry out vibration leveling on the concrete surface, and whether roughening treatment needs to be carried out on the concrete surface is judged; if the wool is required to be napped, executing the step eight after the vibration leveling and napping treatment is finished; step eight is executed after the vibration leveling is finished without napping treatment;
s8, moving the mould platform into a pre-curing kiln for 2-3 hours to enable the concrete to reach an initial setting state;
s9, moving the mould table to a plastering station after the pre-curing kiln is finished, and performing calendaring and flattening on the surface of the concrete by using a plastering machine at the plastering station to enable the surface of the building member to be smooth and flat;
s10, moving the mould platform to a three-dimensional curing kiln along a ground track after finishing plastering, and curing for 8-10 hours in the curing kiln to enable the concrete to be solidified to reach 70% strength; after the three-dimensional maintenance is finished, moving the mold table to a mold removal station along the ground track for mold removal treatment;
s11, moving the die table to a turnover plate station along a ground track to carry out turnover plate hoisting after the die is disassembled; and executing the step one after the turning plate hoisting is finished.
As shown in fig. 2, in this embodiment, after the step S3 is completed, that is, after the primary distribution is realized, it is determined whether secondary template installation is required, and after the secondary template installation is required, the operation is performed to the upper template installation station. The upper template installation stations in the embodiment are four, so that products on four mold tables can be processed simultaneously.
The decorative heat-insulating layer in the embodiment adopts a heat-insulating plate, and the heat-insulating plate adopts one of a molded polystyrene heat-insulating plate, an extrusion molding polystyrene heat-insulating plate, a hard polyurethane foam plate, a phenolic foam plate, a foamed cement heat-insulating plate, a perlite heat-insulating plate or an STP heat-insulating plate.
In this embodiment, the bar installation includes parallel welded mesh bars and independent flat wale bars connected at their ends to the mesh bars while maintaining a predetermined space between the mesh bars, and the flat wale bars are arranged in rows. The stull reinforcing bar through the in bank setting makes concrete and reinforcing bar net can obtain abundant contact, improves the fastness between the two, and then improves the holistic fastness of building element. The reinforcing mesh is formed by intersecting parallel longitudinal reinforcing steel bars and parallel transverse reinforcing steel bars, and the intersections of the longitudinal reinforcing steel bars and the transverse reinforcing steel bars are fixed in a welding or steel wire binding mode. The reinforcing mesh manufactured by the method has firm structure, and is beneficial to improving the firmness of subsequent building components.
In this embodiment the installation of the embedded parts comprises a wiring pipe for water and electricity wiring, and a splicing plate and a hoisting part for building component assembly. The wiring pipe enables the subsequent wiring of electric wires, water pipes and the like of the building to have basis, does not need to be knocked on the wall, further does not damage the wall body of the building, and is beneficial to the firmness of the building after the building components are assembled; the splice plates can conveniently combine the building components, so that the construction speed is improved; the application of the hoisting piece is convenient for the transportation of subsequent building components. Splice plate is a pair of in this embodiment, installs respectively on building element's the left and right sides side, and one of them is provided with inside sunken draw-in groove, and another is provided with the link plate that can with the draw-in groove lock.
In this embodiment, the concrete is a concrete slurry prepared by mixing cement, gravel, fibers, polyacrylamide emulsion, a water reducing agent, an antifreezing agent and carbon fibers in the following weight percentage ratio and uniformly stirring: 40-45% of cement, 30-40% of gravel, 3-6% of fiber, 1-4% of polyacrylamide emulsion, 1-3% of water reducing agent, 1-3% of anti-freezing agent, 2-4% of carbon fiber and 20-30% of water. When the concrete firm wall manufactured according to the proportion is installed, the strength of the building member is high after the concrete firm wall is combined with the reinforcing mesh made of reinforcing steel bars, and the problem of cracking is not easy to occur. Wherein the water reducing agent is one of a naphthalene sulfonic acid formaldehyde condensate, a sulfonated melamine formaldehyde condensate and a polycarboxylic acid water reducing agent; the antifreezing agent is one of calcium chloride, potassium carbonate and sodium nitrite.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical concept and features of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited thereto, and any equivalent changes or modifications made according to the spirit of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A design method for a production process layout of a building component is characterized by comprising the following steps: the method comprises the following steps:
cleaning a mould table by using a cleaning machine, and cleaning and checking the cleaned mould table;
moving the die table to a reinforcing steel bar template mounting station along a ground track after the die table is checked to be qualified, then mounting the template on the die table, coating a release agent on the surface of the template after the template is mounted, and performing one-time reinforcing steel bar mounting on the template after the release agent is condensed;
moving the die table to an embedded part mounting station for embedded part mounting after the steel bars are mounted, moving the die table to a material distribution station after the embedded parts are mounted, and performing one-time concrete pouring at the material distribution station by using a material distributor;
step four, after concrete pouring is finished, judging whether secondary template installation is needed or not according to actual needs; executing the step five when the secondary template installation is needed; when the secondary template installation is not needed, the mold table is moved to a secondary material distribution station by the mold table transverse moving vehicle, and the step six is executed;
moving the mold table to an upper-layer template mounting station along a ground track, and carrying out secondary template mounting at the station; after the secondary template is installed, secondary steel bar installation, secondary embedded part installation and decorative heat-insulating layer installation are carried out; after the installation is finished, the die table is moved to a secondary material distribution station;
step six, judging whether the die table is subjected to secondary template installation or not after the die table moves to a secondary material distribution station; if the secondary template installation is not carried out, executing the step eight; if the secondary template installation is carried out, executing a seventh step;
seventhly, performing secondary concrete pouring, moving the mould platform to a vibration leveling station to perform vibration leveling on the concrete surface, and judging whether roughening treatment needs to be performed on the concrete surface; if the wool is required to be napped, executing the step eight after the vibration leveling and napping treatment is finished; step eight is executed after the vibration leveling is finished without napping treatment;
moving the mould table into a pre-curing kiln for 2-3 hours to enable the concrete to reach an initial setting state;
step nine, moving the mold table to a plastering station after the pre-curing kiln is finished, and performing calendaring and flattening on the surface of the concrete by using a plastering machine at the plastering station to enable the surface of the building member to be smooth and flat;
step ten, moving the mould platform to a three-dimensional curing kiln along a ground track after finishing plastering, and curing for 8-10 hours in the curing kiln to enable the concrete to be solidified to reach 70% strength; after the three-dimensional maintenance is finished, moving the mold table to a mold removal station along the ground track for mold removal treatment;
step eleven, moving the die table to a turning plate station along a ground track to carry out turning plate lifting after the die is disassembled; and executing the step one after the turning plate hoisting is finished.
2. The design method according to claim 1, wherein: the bar installation comprises parallel welded bar mats and independent straight cross-brace bars, the cross-brace bars are connected with the bar mats at the ends and keep a preset space between the bar mats, and the straight cross-brace bars are arranged in rows.
3. The design method according to claim 1, wherein: the embedded part installation includes the wiring pipe that is used for the water and electricity wiring and splice plate and the hoist and mount piece that are used for building element to assemble.
4. The design method according to claim 2, wherein: the reinforcing mesh is formed by intersecting parallel longitudinal reinforcing steel bars and parallel transverse reinforcing steel bars, and the intersections of the longitudinal reinforcing steel bars and the transverse reinforcing steel bars are fixed in a welding or steel wire binding mode.
5. The design method according to claim 1, wherein: the decoration heat preservation layer is installed on the heat preservation plate including installation, the heat preservation plate adopts one of moulding type polystyrene heat preservation plate, extrusion molding type polystyrene heat preservation plate, hard polyurethane foam board, phenolic foam board, foaming cement heat preservation plate, perlite heat preservation plate or STP heat preservation plate.
CN201810049150.XA 2018-01-18 2018-01-18 Design method of building component production process layout Active CN108265981B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110039635A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-07-23 南通现代建筑产业发展有限公司 PC component production technology

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CN103171045A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Forming process of brick in composite structure
CN104057537A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-24 河北雪龙机械制造有限公司 Concrete member production system
CN104723449A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-24 沈阳卫德住宅工业化科技有限公司 Automatic production line of building industrialization concrete precast members
CN105569385A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 成都市工业设备安装公司 Building industrialization PC component production line mounting and debugging process
CN107476820A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-15 四川双铁科技有限公司 A kind of manufacture method of subway dispersing platform and its landing slab

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Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103171045A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-06-26 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Forming process of brick in composite structure
CN104057537A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-24 河北雪龙机械制造有限公司 Concrete member production system
CN104723449A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-24 沈阳卫德住宅工业化科技有限公司 Automatic production line of building industrialization concrete precast members
CN105569385A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 成都市工业设备安装公司 Building industrialization PC component production line mounting and debugging process
CN107476820A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-15 四川双铁科技有限公司 A kind of manufacture method of subway dispersing platform and its landing slab

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