CN102893955B - Method for breeding aglossa dimidiata serving as insects for producing insect tea on large scale - Google Patents

Method for breeding aglossa dimidiata serving as insects for producing insect tea on large scale Download PDF

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CN102893955B
CN102893955B CN201210437478.1A CN201210437478A CN102893955B CN 102893955 B CN102893955 B CN 102893955B CN 201210437478 A CN201210437478 A CN 201210437478A CN 102893955 B CN102893955 B CN 102893955B
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tea
worm
conservation
raising
produce
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CN102893955A (en
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杨茂发
尚小丽
黄丽
白智江
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Guizhou University
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Guizhou University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for breeding aglossa dimidiata serving as insects for producing insect tea on a large scale. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: 1, putting insect sources and collected tea leaves into a tea-producing chamber for raising; 2, after eclosion of aglossa dimidiata imagoes during raising, putting the aglossa dimidiata imagoes after eclosion into a breed conservation chamber to perform breed conservation raising; 3, after the breed conservation raising is finished, transferring to the tea-producing chamber to perform tea-producing raising; 4, if the aglossa dimidiata imagoes appear in the tea-producing chamber in the tea-producing raising process, repeating the step 2; and 5, putting half of semi-finished products containing the insect sources and half of white tea serving as wet feeds into drawers of the breed conservation chamber and the tea-producing chamber in the vigorous stage of the growth of larvae, raising for a week, taking the insect tea semi-finished products out, and sieving; and whenever large-scale eclosion of the imagoes in the tea-producing chamber is finished, harvesting the insect tea. By the method, the survival rate and development rate of each insect state of the aglossa dimidiata are improved substantially, and the aim of large-scale breeding is fulfilled, so that the yield of the insect tea is improved effectively.

Description

Produce the biological control method of worm tea insect black rice worm
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of producing worm tea insect biological control, particularly a kind of method of black rice worm biological control.
Background technology
Chong Chashi China distinctive forest resourceies insect product, derive from extraordinary insect larvae and take food the excreta that Special Plant produces, it is a kind of health drink integrating nutrition and medical value, there is the merit of clearing heat and detoxicating, cooling of driving away summer heat, invigorating spleen and reinforcing stomach, loose stasis of blood hemostasis, all have good curative effect for diseases such as prevention and cure of cardiovascular diseases.Produce due to China's worm tea and mainly produce so that farmers in mountain area is loose, there is the mode of production original old, the production cycle is long, produces worm tea insect and is difficult to the successful situation of conservation, this seriously inhibits the industrialized development of China's worm tea.Black rice worm belongs to Lepidoptera Pyralidae, is the stored grain insects that the whole world extensively distributes, and discovered in recent years black rice worm is the main caste that Guizhou province produces worm tea.The moist dark environment of black rice worm larva happiness, under suitable epidemic disaster and illumination condition, polypide growth rapidly, produce worm tea fast, and adult has the advantage of egg laying amount high (on average every female worm egg laying amount can up to about 400), is beneficial to the industrialization of conservation and worm tea.Through measuring further, black rice worm take food white tea produce worm tea not only amino acid content enrich, be desirable amino acid supplementation beverage, but also contain a large amount of mineral elements, especially in supplementary human body Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn, Se, comparatively conventional tea is more effective.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome in the original mode of production of worm tea and produce the indefinite and unmanageable shortcoming of worm tea insect black rice worm rearing conditions; adopt white tea (Lauraceae Litsea Litsea coreana) as feed; by controlling external environmental condition, provide a kind of effective black rice worm biological control method.
technical scheme of the present invention:produce the biological control method of worm tea insect black rice worm, it is characterized in that:
The first, respectively set up different conservation rooms and produce teahouse, worm source and the tealeaves collected being put into product teahouse and raises;
The second, after having black rice worm adult eclosion to go out in raising, with clap net adult caught and put into conservation room, making its mating betwixt, lay eggs, hatch to carry out conservation raising;
Three, after conservation is fed, conservation room is filled the drawer in conservation worm source or the worm tea semi-finished product in it and be directly moved into produce in teahouse and carry out the raising of products tea;
Four, produce in tea feeding process, there is black rice worm adult to occur once produce teahouse, repeat above-mentioned second step, caught with clap net, put into conservation room and carry out conservation raising, and thus after continue successively to be cycled to repeat third and fourth, two steps, thus carry out worm tea and produce and the work such as worm source conservation;
Five, in the vigorous period that larva grows up, half in conservation room and product teahouse drawer is put into the semi-finished product containing worm source, and half puts into the white tea of moistening feed, after raising one week, is taken out by the worm tea semi-finished product put into before and sieves; To produce in teahouse after adult sprouts wings on a large scale and terminates, just can collect worm tea.
Described product teahouse temperature control 22-25 DEG C; Control at relative moisture 85-95% throughout the year, minimum must not lower than 80%RH; Complete lucifuge.
Described conservation room needs temperature 25 DEG C, humidity 95%RH, complete lucifuge.
Described conservation feeds 30 days.
beneficial effect of the present invention:
Utilize this method significantly can improve the survival rate of each worm state of black rice worm and promote that it grows, and then effectively improve worm tea output.
accompanying drawing explanation:
The survival rate (%) of each worm state of black rice worm under different temperatures within the scope of Fig. 1 humidity 80%-95%RH.
embodiment:
1, set up different conservation rooms respectively and produce teahouse, conservation room is used for black rice worm ovum and low instar larvae conservation, produces teahouse and is used for growing of black rice worm Larva and pupa; Build the shelf of PVC material, above put the drawer-like container of PVC material, for holding worm source and the white tea of feed; Control at room temperature range 22-25 DEG C throughout the year; Control at relative moisture 85-95% throughout the year, minimum must not lower than 80%RH; Complete lucifuge; Worm source and the tealeaves collected are put into product teahouse raise;
2, after having black rice worm adult eclosion to go out in raising, being caught by adult and put into conservation room, make its mating betwixt, lay eggs, hatch to carry out conservation raising with clap net, conservation room requires indoor environment temperature 25 DEG C, humidity 95%RH;
3, conservation was fed after about 30 days, conservation room was filled the drawer in conservation worm source or the worm tea semi-finished product in it and was directly moved into produce in teahouse and carries out the raising of products tea;
4, produce in tea feeding process, there is black rice worm adult to occur once produce teahouse, repeat above-mentioned 2nd step, caught with clap net, put into conservation room and carry out conservation raising, and thus after continue to be cycled to repeat the 3rd successively, 4,2 steps, thus carry out worm tea and produce and the work such as worm source conservation;
5, in the vigorous period that larva grows up, half in conservation room and product teahouse drawer is put into the semi-finished product containing worm source, and half puts into the white tea of moistening feed, after about raising one week, by being sieved by the worm tea semi-finished product taking-up taking food rear remnants of putting into before; To produce in teahouse after adult sprouts wings on a large scale and terminates, just can collect worm tea.
6, be the amount of promoting production, frequently can spray a little rice washing water in tealeaves with watering can, but should be noted, during sprinkling, adopt atomize evenly to spray, must guard against the sprinkling globule excessive; Once finding that there is spider in conservation and production process, artificially remove immediately.
Described temperature condition is by airconditioning control, and between every 1, air-conditioning exhaust outlet position need seal with gauze, and gauze requires to adopt density to be 100-200 order, prevents adult and larva from piercing in air-conditioning with this.Air-conditioning deep bead is adjusted to position upwards, the air-flow of discharging in air-conditioning is discharged to top, room, reaches the object of balanced temperature control thus.Described damp condition is controlled by humidifier, conservation room 10 m 2size, 2 humidifiers; Conservation room 20 m 2size, between one 4.By that analogy.Humidifier is placed on top, room, thus reaches the object making moisture from top to bottom equiblibrium mass distribution, to avoid the phenomenon occurring that in room, near-earth the position excessive and high-rise humidity of humidity is lower.
Note: in table, numeral is M ± SE, and English alphabet is below DuncanShi Shortest significant range, then represents remarkable at 0.05 level difference with lowercase differences all in a line, otherwise not remarkable.Under "-" represents this temperature condition, polypide cannot survive.
Under different temperatures, the average development duration result of black rice worm each worm state is as shown in table 1, within the scope of RH80%-95%, under 19-31 DEG C condition, the ovum phase shortens along with the rising of temperature, and larval phase, pupa time and immature phase shorten with the rising of temperature under 19-25 DEG C of condition and it is the shortest to go through the phase 25 DEG C time, under 25-31 DEG C of condition, development duration extends gradually, when 31 DEG C, the ovum of black rice worm can normal incubation but larva cannot be survived, and finally causes the existence without pupa and adult.DuncanShi variance analysis finds, temperature has remarkable impact to the development duration of ovum, larva and pupa and whole immature phase.
The black rice worm ovum phase is the shortest 31 DEG C time, be only 7.06d, and lengthen along with the reduction ovum phase of temperature, when 19 DEG C, the ovum phase reaches 20.65 d, wherein 28 DEG C and 31 DEG C time the ovum phase there is no significant difference, but they all with the ovum phase under other 3 temperature condition each other significant difference ( p<0.05); The larval phase of 19 DEG C and 28 DEG C and immature phase without significant difference, the larval phase of 22 DEG C and 25 DEG C and immature phase also without significant difference, but both all with larval phase when 28 DEG C and immature phase significant difference ( p<0.05); Temperature on the impact in pupa time between 28 DEG C and 25 DEG C without significant difference, but with lower 19 DEG C and 22 DEG C at pupa development duration then all significant difference ( pand reach maximum 19 DEG C of pupa time <0.05).Result of study shows, black rice worm discomfort is lived under the high temperature conditions, and comprehensive each worm state development duration is with regard to the black rice worm whole immature phase, and black rice worm black rice worm development duration when room temperature 25 DEG C is the shortest, grows the fastest, and its growth the most applicable, is secondly 22 DEG C.Therefore, within the scope of humidity 80%-95%RH, the suitableeest developmental temperature scope of black rice worm is 22-25 DEG C.
Within the scope of humidity 80%-95%RH, the survival rate of black rice worm ovum under different temperatures, larva and pupa is shown in Fig. 1.Result of the test shows, the survival rate of temperature on black rice worm has remarkable impact, and high temperature is unfavorable for the survival of black rice worm, and when 31 DEG C, the survival rate of ovum only has 43%, and larva and pupa then cannot be survived.Favors low temperature is in the survival of larva, and when 19 DEG C, the survival rate of larva is up to 91.4%.In the temperature range of 19-28 DEG C, be all suitable for the survival of pupa, its survival rate is all more than 85%.With regard to the black rice worm whole immature phase, survival rate when 25 DEG C is up to 63.4%, be secondly 22 DEG C of survival rate to 62.2%, when 28 DEG C, survival rate suddenly declines and is only 31.1%.Again show, within the scope of humidity 80%-95%RH, the suitableeest survival temperature scope of black rice worm is 22-25 DEG C.
Considered by above-mentioned aggregation of data: within the scope of humidity 80%-95%RH, though black rice worm has part worm state to grow comparatively fast 28 DEG C time, but black rice worm larva under this temperature condition, the survival rate of even whole immature phase is all lower, and under 22-25 DEG C of condition black rice worm each worm state not only survival rate is high, and the shorter growth of development duration is comparatively rapid, therefore, be most suitable for black rice worm worm tea with this understanding to produce; And 25 DEG C of temperature condition of surviving as ovum and larva optimum and growing, be suitable for black rice worm conservation most.

Claims (4)

1. produce the biological control method of worm tea insect black rice worm, it is characterized in that:
The first, respectively set up different conservation rooms and produce teahouse, worm source and the tealeaves collected being put into product teahouse and raises;
The second, after having black rice worm adult eclosion to go out in raising, with clap net adult caught and put into conservation room, making its mating betwixt, lay eggs, hatch to carry out conservation raising;
Three, after conservation is fed, conservation room is filled the drawer in conservation worm source or the worm tea semi-finished product in it and be directly moved into produce in teahouse and carry out the raising of products tea;
Four, produce in tea feeding process, there is black rice worm adult to occur once produce teahouse, repeat above-mentioned second step, caught with clap net, put into conservation room and carry out conservation raising, and thus after continue successively to be cycled to repeat third and fourth, two steps, thus carry out worm tea and produce and the conservation work of worm source;
Five, in the vigorous period that larva grows up, half in conservation room and product teahouse drawer is put into the semi-finished product containing worm source, and half puts into the white tea of moistening feed, after raising one week, is taken out by the worm tea semi-finished product put into before and sieves; To produce in teahouse after adult sprouts wings on a large scale and terminates, just can collect worm tea.
2. the biological control method of product worm tea insect black rice worm according to claim 1, is characterized in that: produce teahouse temperature and control at 22-25 DEG C; Relative moisture at 85-95%, complete lucifuge.
3. the biological control method of product worm tea insect black rice worm according to claim 1, is characterized in that: conservation room temperature controls at 25 DEG C, humidity 95%RH, complete lucifuge.
4. the biological control method of product worm tea insect black rice worm according to claim 1, is characterized in that: conservation feeds 30 days.
CN201210437478.1A 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Method for breeding aglossa dimidiata serving as insects for producing insect tea on large scale Expired - Fee Related CN102893955B (en)

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CN105532587B (en) * 2016-03-13 2017-11-14 福建艳璇生物防治技术有限公司 Mediterranean flour moth method for breeding and application
CN106135140A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-23 臧诗雨 Fermented tea application in Holotrichia diomphalia Bates cultivates
CN113693029B (en) * 2021-08-26 2023-04-07 湖南省林业科学院 Indoor large-scale propagation method for insect-producing tea insects

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