CN102850145B - Special fertilizer for tobaccos - Google Patents

Special fertilizer for tobaccos Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102850145B
CN102850145B CN201210369090.2A CN201210369090A CN102850145B CN 102850145 B CN102850145 B CN 102850145B CN 201210369090 A CN201210369090 A CN 201210369090A CN 102850145 B CN102850145 B CN 102850145B
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parts
tobacco
fertilizer
tobaccos
fertilizer special
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CN102850145A (en
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王自刚
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Saifu Yangfeng Fertilizer Industry Co., Ltd.
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王自刚
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of fertilizers and particularly discloses a special fertilizer for tobaccos. The special fertilizer for the tobaccos comprises, by weight, 5-20 parts of urea, 5-15 parts of ammonium nitrate, 3-10 parts of calcium superphosphate, 10-25 parts of potassium sulphate, 2-10 parts of ammonium bicarbonate, 8-16 parts of diammonium phosphate, 10-25 parts of biogas residues, 10-20 parts of rape seed cake fertilizers, 2-10 parts of plant ashes, 5-10 parts of vetch seeds, 1-3 parts of amino acids and 1-3 parts of medium trace elements. The special fertilizer for the tobaccos has the advantages that the component match is reasonable, the balance reasonable absorption of nutritional ingredients by the tobaccos can be facilitated by the synergistic effect of the nutritional ingredients, the special fertilizer is adapted to the fertilizer requirement rule of tobacco growth, and thereby the yield and quality of the tobaccos can be remarkably improved.

Description

A kind of fertilizer special for tobacco material
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of fertilizers, be specifically related to a kind of fertilizer special for tobacco material.
Background technology
Tobacco is one of important cash crop of China, and its cultivated area and ultimate production all rank first in the world.At present, China's tobacco crop-planting is mainly that simple dependence is used chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals in a large number to keep the high yield of tobacco leaf, tobacco leaf planting soil and environment have been caused to serious destruction, make Some Species cigarette time longer High Quality Tobacco district occur non-equilibrium enrichment and the depletion of soil nutrient, soil nutrient is supplied with unbalance, and farmland ecological environment worsens, and causes quality of tobacco and tobacco leaf planting benefit obviously to decline, cause loss to tobacco planting person, also restricted the Sustainable development that tobacco produces simultaneously.Therefore, improvement edatope, improves quality of tobacco, and the Sustainable development that realizes leaf tobacco production is during tobacco produces, to be badly in need of an important technology difficult problem of solution.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of fertilizer special for tobacco material.
In order to realize above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of fertilizer special for tobacco material, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: urea 5-20 part, ammonium nitrate 5-15 part, calcium superphosphate 3-10 part, potassium sulfate 10-25 part, bicarbonate of ammonia 2-10 part, diammonium phosphate 8-16 part, natural pond slag 10-25 part, rapeseed cake fertilizer 10-20 part, plant ash 2-10 part, the pale reddish brown sweet potato 5-10 of light leaf part, amino acid/11-3 part, in micro-1-3 part.
Further, fertilizer special for tobacco material is made by the raw material of following parts by weight: urea 10-18 part, ammonium nitrate 10-15 part, calcium superphosphate 7-10 part, potassium sulfate 15-22 part, bicarbonate of ammonia 5-8 part, diammonium phosphate 10-12 part, natural pond slag 15-22 part, rapeseed cake fertilizer 15-17 part, plant ash 5-7 part, the pale reddish brown sweet potato 6-9 of light leaf part, amino acid/11-2 part, in micro-1-2 part.
Further, fertilizer special for tobacco material is made by the raw material of following parts by weight: 16 parts, urea, 12 parts, ammonium nitrate, 10 parts of calcium superphosphate, 16 parts of potassium sulfate, 8 parts, bicarbonate of ammonia, 11 parts of diammonium phosphate, 20 parts of natural pond slags, 16 parts of rapeseed cake fertilizers, 7 parts of plant ash, 9 parts of the pale reddish brown sweet potatoes of light leaf, amino acid/11 part, in micro-1.5 parts.
Described middle trace element is the mixture of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc.
Fertilizer special for tobacco material provided by the invention, composition collocation rationally, by the synergy of each nutritive ingredient, can promote tobacco rationally to absorb the balance of nutritive ingredient, adapts to the regulation of fertilizer requirement that tobacco growing is grown, thereby can improve significantly output and the quality of tobacco.
Fertilizer special for tobacco material provided by the invention, not only can improve the quality of tobacco leaf, improves the quality of tobacco leaf, increases grower's income, and amount of application is few simultaneously, can reduce the fund input of fertilizer; In addition, fertilizer special for tobacco material provided by the invention can reduce the pollution of fertilizer loss to environment, and can improve edatope, and fertilizer efficiency is lasting.
The experiment proved that, adopt fertilizer special for tobacco material provided by the invention, cigarette strain is grown fine, and tobacco leaf thickness is moderate and leaf area is large, and Maturity of Tobacco Leaf is good, and color is orange, and gloss is strong, and colourity is even, good springiness, and oil content foot, weave construction is loose, and moisture content is moderate.First-class cigarette ratio can reach 51%, and upper medium grade cigarette ratio is 85%~91%, and per mu yield value on average can reach more than 4500 yuan.Tobacco aroma quality is good, perfume quantity foot, and assorted gas is light, and pungency is little, and incendivity is strong, and grey is white, the operability of tobacco leaf and high safety.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is elaborated.
Embodiment 1
The fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: 20 parts, urea, 5 parts, ammonium nitrate, 10 parts of calcium superphosphate, 10 parts of potassium sulfate, 2 parts, bicarbonate of ammonia, 8 parts of diammonium phosphate, 25 parts of natural pond slags, 20 parts of rapeseed cake fertilizers, 10 parts of plant ash, 10 parts of the pale reddish brown sweet potatoes of light leaf, amino acid/11 part, in micro-1 part.Middle trace element is the mixture of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc, and the weight proportion of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc is: calcium: manganese: boron: zinc=2:1:2:2.
The preparation method of the fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides: each raw material is mixed, stir, granulate and get final product through common process.
Embodiment 2
The fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: 16 parts, urea, 12 parts, ammonium nitrate, 10 parts of calcium superphosphate, 25 parts of potassium sulfate, 8 parts, bicarbonate of ammonia, 11 parts of diammonium phosphate, 20 parts of natural pond slags, 16 parts of rapeseed cake fertilizers, 7 parts of plant ash, 9 parts of the pale reddish brown sweet potatoes of light leaf, amino acid/11 part, in micro-3 parts.Middle trace element is the mixture of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc, and the weight proportion of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc is: calcium: manganese: boron: zinc=2:1:2:2.
The preparation method of the fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides: each raw material is mixed, stir, granulate and get final product through common process.
Embodiment 3
The fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: 5 parts, urea, 15 parts, ammonium nitrate, 3 parts of calcium superphosphate, 15 parts of potassium sulfate, 10 parts, bicarbonate of ammonia, 16 parts of diammonium phosphate, 10 parts of natural pond slags, 10 parts of rapeseed cake fertilizers, 2 parts of plant ash, 5 parts of the pale reddish brown sweet potatoes of light leaf, 3 parts, amino acid, in micro-2 parts.Middle trace element is the mixture of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc, and the weight proportion of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc is: calcium: manganese: boron: zinc=2:1:2:2.
The preparation method of the fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides: each raw material is mixed, stir, granulate and get final product through common process.
Embodiment 4
The fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: 10 parts, urea, 10 parts, ammonium nitrate, 10 parts of calcium superphosphate, 22 parts of potassium sulfate, 8 parts, bicarbonate of ammonia, 12 parts of diammonium phosphate, 15 parts of natural pond slags, 17 parts of rapeseed cake fertilizers, 7 parts of plant ash, 6 parts of the pale reddish brown sweet potatoes of light leaf, amino acid/11 part, in micro-2 parts.Middle trace element is the mixture of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc, and the weight proportion of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc is: calcium: manganese: boron: zinc=2:1:2:2.
The preparation method of the fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides: each raw material is mixed, stir, granulate and get final product through common process.
Embodiment 5
The fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: 18 parts, urea, 15 parts, ammonium nitrate, 7 parts of calcium superphosphate, 16 parts of potassium sulfate, 5 parts, bicarbonate of ammonia, 10 parts of diammonium phosphate, 22 parts of natural pond slags, 15 parts of rapeseed cake fertilizers, 5 parts of plant ash, 9 parts of the pale reddish brown sweet potatoes of light leaf, 2 parts, amino acid, in micro-1.5 parts.Middle trace element is the mixture of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc, and the weight proportion of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc is: calcium: manganese: boron: zinc=2:1:2:2.
The preparation method of the fertilizer special for tobacco material that the present embodiment provides: each raw material is mixed, stir, granulate and get final product through common process.
The result of use test of the fertilizer special for tobacco material that the test example embodiment of the present invention provides
Take flue-cured tobacco cultivars K326 as research object, in Xuchang, Henan, carried out manure trial.The cultivated area of each test group is 0.5 mu.The economic characters data of the tobacco leaf obtaining are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 tobacco leaf economic characters data
As can be seen from Table 1, the fertilizer special for tobacco material that adopts embodiment of the present invention 1-5 to provide, the per mu yield of tobacco leaf and per mu yield value all obviously improve, and per mu yield value is all more than 4500 yuan, good in economic efficiency.Wherein, first-class cigarette ratio can reach 51%, and upper medium grade cigarette ratio is 85%~91%.And the amount of application of fertilizer is few, compared with Common compound fertilizer, amount of application declines 30%.
Experiment 1-5 group flue-cured tobacco middle leaf exterior quality is shown in Table 2.
Table 2 experiment 1-5 group flue-cured tobacco middle leaf exterior quality
The fertilizer special for tobacco material that adopts embodiment of the present invention 1-5 to provide, cigarette strain is grown fine, and tobacco leaf thickness is moderate and leaf area is large, and Maturity of Tobacco Leaf is good, and color is orange, and gloss is strong, and colourity is even, good springiness, oil content foot, weave construction is loose, and moisture content is moderate.
Experiment 1-5 group flue-cured tobacco middle leaf chemical composition analysis data are shown in Table 3, and percentage ratio wherein refers to weight percentage.
Table 3 experiment 1-5 group flue-cured tobacco middle leaf chemical composition analysis data
Experiment 1-5 group flue-cured tobacco sucking quality qualification result is shown in Table 4.
Table 4 experiment 1-5 group flue-cured tobacco sucking quality qualification result
Group Fragrance matter Perfume quantity Assorted gas Pungency Incendivity Grey
Control group In Still sufficient Heavier Have By force Greyish white
Test 1 group In on Foot Gently Have, less By force Greyish white
Test 2 groups In on Foot Gently Have, little By force Greyish white
Test 3 groups In on Foot Gently Have, little By force Greyish white
Test 4 groups In Foot Gently Have, little By force Greyish white
Test 5 groups In on Foot Gently Have, little By force Greyish white
The fertilizer special for tobacco material that adopts embodiment of the present invention 1-5 to provide, tobacco aroma quality is good, perfume quantity foot, assorted gas is light, and pungency is little, and incendivity is strong, and grey is white, the operability of tobacco leaf and high safety.

Claims (4)

1. a fertilizer special for tobacco material, it is characterized in that, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: urea 5-20 part, ammonium nitrate 5-15 part, calcium superphosphate 3-10 part, potassium sulfate 10-25 part, bicarbonate of ammonia 2-10 part, diammonium phosphate 8-16 part, natural pond slag 10-25 part, rapeseed cake fertilizer 10-20 part, plant ash 2-10 part, the pale reddish brown sweet potato 5-10 of light leaf part, amino acid/11-3 part, in micro-1-3 part.
2. fertilizer special for tobacco material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: urea 10-18 part, ammonium nitrate 10-15 part, calcium superphosphate 7-10 part, potassium sulfate 15-22 part, bicarbonate of ammonia 5-8 part, diammonium phosphate 10-12 part, natural pond slag 15-22 part, rapeseed cake fertilizer 15-17 part, plant ash 5-7 part, the pale reddish brown sweet potato 6-9 of light leaf part, amino acid/11-2 part, in micro-1-2 part.
3. fertilizer special for tobacco material according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, by the raw material of following parts by weight, made: 16 parts, urea, 12 parts, ammonium nitrate, 10 parts of calcium superphosphate, 16 parts of potassium sulfate, 8 parts, bicarbonate of ammonia, 11 parts of diammonium phosphate, 20 parts of natural pond slags, 16 parts of rapeseed cake fertilizers, 7 parts of plant ash, 9 parts of the pale reddish brown sweet potatoes of light leaf, amino acid/11 part, in micro-1.5 parts.
4. fertilizer special for tobacco material according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described middle trace element is the mixture of calcium, manganese, boron, zinc.
CN201210369090.2A 2012-09-28 2012-09-28 Special fertilizer for tobaccos Active CN102850145B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103641578A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-19 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 A novel farm-oriented fertilizer and a preparation method thereof
CN103739334A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-23 广西柳州浚业科技有限公司 Biogas residue composite slow-release fertilizer
CN104072257B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-06-08 陈忠家 A kind of cane planting slow-release compound fertilizer in special disease-resistant strong sprout
CN104086263B (en) * 2014-06-30 2016-06-15 云南农业大学 Big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami and preparation method thereof
CN104119197B (en) * 2014-07-14 2016-11-23 云南农业大学 A kind of K326, cloud and mist and NC series flue-cured tobacco organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special
CN106717906A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 One grow tobacco silt field plantation fertilizing method
CN107651995A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-02-02 代延召 A kind of special top dressing fertilizer of tobacco growing

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101333125A (en) * 2007-06-29 2008-12-31 华丰源生物科技(深圳)有限公司 Fertilizer special for tobacco
CN101618980A (en) * 2008-07-02 2010-01-06 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof
CN102503642A (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-06-20 河南农业大学 Organic and inorganic compound fertilizer special for tobaccos

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101333125A (en) * 2007-06-29 2008-12-31 华丰源生物科技(深圳)有限公司 Fertilizer special for tobacco
CN101618980A (en) * 2008-07-02 2010-01-06 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof
CN102503642A (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-06-20 河南农业大学 Organic and inorganic compound fertilizer special for tobaccos

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Title
不同光叶紫花苕子翻压量对烤烟产量和品质的影响;佀国涵等;《中国烟草科学》;20111030;第32卷(第1期);82-85 *
佀国涵等.不同光叶紫花苕子翻压量对烤烟产量和品质的影响.《中国烟草科学》.2011,第32卷(第1期),82-85.

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Effective date of registration: 20190709

Address after: 461670 West Industrial Zone of Guolian Town, Yuzhou City, Xuchang City, Henan Province

Patentee after: Saifu Yangfeng Fertilizer Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 461670 Family Home of Fengchishan Coal Mine, Hongchang Town, Xuchang City, Henan Province

Patentee before: Wang Zigang

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