CN101618980A - Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101618980A
CN101618980A CN200810012112A CN200810012112A CN101618980A CN 101618980 A CN101618980 A CN 101618980A CN 200810012112 A CN200810012112 A CN 200810012112A CN 200810012112 A CN200810012112 A CN 200810012112A CN 101618980 A CN101618980 A CN 101618980A
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China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
fertilizer
parts
portions
fertilizer special
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CN200810012112A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101618980B (en
Inventor
李晓晏
张清
刘占鹏
刘晓静
任艳
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Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS
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Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a technique of a fertilizer for cultivating a cured tobacco, in particular to a fertilizer special for a multi-element tobacco and a preparation method thereof. The special fertilizer comprises the following components in portion by weight: 12.6 to 13.0 portions of urea, 9.8 to 10.2 portions of diamine phosphate, 39.8 to 40.2 portions of potassium sulfate, 18.0 to 22.0 portions of bone powder, 6.8 to 7.2 portions of humic acid, 1.8 to 2.2 portions of rare earth, 3.5 to 3.9 portions of medium element, and 0.8 to 1.2 portions of microelement. The fertilizer special for the multi-element tobacco uses the rear earth and the humic acid as main bodies, belongs to nutrient fertilizers, and can greatly improve the integral level of a tobacco field, improve the yield and the quality of crops, stimulate the growth of the crops, improve the disease resistance of the crops, prolong the release cycle of the fertilizer, reduce the fertilizer loss, improve the stress resistance of the crops, and provide a large amount of organic matters for soil to play a role of improving the soil.

Description

A kind of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technology of flue-cured tobacco cultivation, specifically a kind of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof with fertilizer.
Background technology
Along with the production development of agricultural, tobacco business to fertilizer require increasing, more and more higher to the specification of quality of fertilizer.The chemical fertilizer of singly depositing can make agricultural produce, hardens but life-time service can make soil become, and the crumb structure of soil is destroyed seriously, and the quality product of crop also obviously descends, and the more important thing is serious pollution of ecological environment.Japanese government clearly proposes to reduce in a large number the production and the use of chemical fertilizer.Beijing Municipal Government's decision by calendar year 2001, is thoroughly renovated the pollution of Beijing agricultural.Simultaneously agricultural byproducts such as supply Pekinese, nonlocal each province and city grain, vegetables, livestock and poultry, aquatic products are implemented contamination indexs such as chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals, hormone without exception and detect, to not reaching the product of " greening " standard, cancellation goes to the capital to sell qualification without exception.This behave is believed very soon and will be imitateed enforcement in China.Set out according to national conditions, the use of cancellation chemical fertilizer is impossible at present, but change with multiple (mixing) Hefei technology and singly to deposit the shortcoming and defect of using chemical fertilizer, be practicable, if can make that nutrition is complete, fertilizer efficiency is high, can alleviate the fertilizer of environmental pollution and organic and inorganic compounding, be vast farmers urgently wish.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to a kind of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco: count urea 12.6-13.0 part, phosphoric acid diamines 9.8-10.2 part, vitriolate of tartar 39.8-40.2 part, bone meal 18.0-22.0 part, humic acids 6.8-7.2 part, rare earth 1.8-2.2 part, moderate-element 3.5-3.9 part and trace element, 0.8-1.2 part by weight.Described moderate-element is magnesium and sulphur; Trace element is boron, iron, zinc, manganese, copper and molybdenum.
The preparation method of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco: count by weight, urea 12.6-13.0 part, phosphoric acid diamines 9.8-10.2 part, vitriolate of tartar 39.8-40.2 part, moderate-element 3.5-3.9 part and trace element, 0.8-1.2 part are mixed the back and are pulverized, degree of grinding is the 30-40 order, again with humic acids 6.8-7.2 part, through pulverizing rare earth 1.8-2.2 part and through acidifying bone meal 18.0-22.0 part puddle, granulation gets final product.
To add content behind the 30-40 order be after the ammonium water of 10-15% quality is puddled, to stack 20-30 days to described humic acids in order brown coal are crushed to, stand-by.Described acidifying bone meal is for to be crushed to the 30-40 order with one or more bones in pig, horse, ox and the sheep, is that 30% sulfuric acid is puddled with mass concentration then, puddles the back and places dry for standby 15-20 days.Described moderate-element is magnesium and sulphur; Trace element is boron, iron, zinc, manganese, copper and molybdenum.
The advantage that the present invention had:
1, fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of the present invention, based on rare earth and humic acids, belong to nutritional type fertilizer, can increase substantially integral level, raising crop yield and quality, the stimulation plant growth of vega, improve crop disease-resistant, prolong fertilizer deenergized period, reduce fertilizer loss, strengthen the resistance of crop, the effect that provides great number of organic matters to play to improve the soil to soil.
2. the present invention combines with the quick-acting chemical fertilizer of inorganics qualification by the pre-treatment of organic substance humic acids carrier, select auxiliary material to be mixed and granulation, the needs that kind that gained fertilizer is nutritive element to adaptability and the field effect of tobacco and quantity can satisfy tobacco growing.And its organic content>30%, the effect of increasing production 6-30% of crop simultaneously can be according to different geologic conditions, and the effect of the tobacco quality of improvement is arranged.
3. fertilizer of the present invention is because the effect of humic acids, can change single chemical fertilizer proterties and improve result of use, can also stimulate plant growth, improve crop disease-resistant, can be disease-resistant, cold-resistant, drought resisting, promotion plant-growth provide multiple element, prolong fertilizer deenergized period to plant, reduces fertilizer loss, the fertility of improving the soil and the soil texture, alleviate ecological environmental pollution, improve crop yield and quality, its economic benefit and social benefit all are clearly.
4. the application of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of the present invention has significant volume increase, value-rising.Field test proves that average first-class cigarette ratio reaches 28-32%, and the medium grade cigarette ratio reaches 55-60%, has distinct economic and social benefit.This fertilizer also has the function of improving the edatope pollution simultaneously, alleviates environmental pollution, progressively improves the Sustainable development of edatope.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the preparation method of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of the present invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco: meter by weight, 0.25 part of 12.6 parts in urea, 9.8 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 39.8 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 18.0 parts of bone meal, 6.8 parts of humic acidss, 1.8 parts of rare earths, moderate-element magnesium 1.7 and 1.8 parts of sulphur and 0.2 part of micronutrient boron, 0.2 part of iron, 0.2 part on zinc, 0.1 part in manganese, 0.25 part of copper and molybdenum.Wherein the calcium of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco is present in the bone meal, and its calcium contents is generally 25-30%.
Preparation method: count by weight, be crushed to 30 orders after 12.6 parts in urea, 9.8 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 39.8 parts of vitriolate of tartar, moderate-element magnesium 1.7 and 1.8 parts of sulphur and 0.2 part of micronutrient boron, 0.2 part of iron, 0.2 part on zinc, 0.1 part in manganese, 0.25 part of copper and 0.25 part of mixing of molybdenum, again with 6.8 parts of humic acidss, through pulverizing 30 purpose rare earth .8 parts and puddling, get final product through the traditional method granulation through 18.0 parts of acidifying bone meal.To add content behind 30 orders be after the ammonium water of 10% quality is puddled, to stack 20 days to described humic acids in order brown coal are pulverized, stand-by.
Described acidifying bone meal is for to be crushed to 30 orders with pig, horse, ox and sheep bone, is that 30% sulfuric acid is puddled with mass concentration then, puddles the back and places dry for standby 15 days.
The fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of embodiment 1 preparation is implemented in field test proves that average first-class cigarette ratio reaches 28-32%, the medium grade cigarette ratio reaches 55-60%.
Embodiment 2
Difference from Example 1 is:
Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco: meter by weight, 0.25 part of 13 parts in urea, 10.2 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 40.2 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 22.0 parts of bone meal, 7.2 parts of humic acidss, 2.2 parts of rare earths, moderate-element magnesium 1.7 and 2 parts of sulphur and 0.1 part of micronutrient boron, 0.1 part of iron, 0.1 part on zinc, 0.1 part in manganese, 0.25 part of copper and molybdenum.
Preparation method: count by weight, pulverize 40 orders after 0.9 part of mixing of trace element of 3.7 parts of the moderate-elements of 13 parts in urea, 10.2 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 40.2 parts of vitriolate of tartar, magnesium and sulphur and boron, iron, zinc, manganese, copper and molybdenum, again with 7.2 parts of humic acidss, puddle, get final product through the traditional method granulation through pulverizing 22 parts of 2.2 parts of 40 purpose rare earths and acidifying bone meal.
To add content behind 40 orders be after the ammonium water of 15% quality is puddled, to stack 30 days to described humic acids in order brown coal are pulverized, stand-by.
Described acidifying bone meal is for to pulverize 40 orders with pig, horse bone, is that 30% sulfuric acid is puddled with mass concentration then, puddles the back and places dry for standby 20 days.
Embodiment 3
Difference from Example 1 is:
Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco: meter by weight, 0.2 part of 12.8 parts in urea, 10 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 40 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 20 parts of bone meal, 7 parts of humic acidss, 2 parts of rare earths, 2.1 parts in moderate-element magnesium and 1.8 parts of sulphur and 0.1 part of micronutrient boron, 0.1 part of iron, 0.1 part on zinc, 0.1 part in manganese, 0.2 part of copper and molybdenum.
Preparation method: count by weight, pulverize 35 orders after 12.8 parts in urea, 10 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 40 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 3.9 parts of moderate-elements and 0.8 part of mixing of trace element, again with 7 parts of humic acidss, puddle, get final product through the traditional method granulation through pulverizing 20 parts of 2 parts of 35 purpose rare earths and acidifying bone meal.
To add mass content behind 35 orders be after 13% ammonium water is puddled, to stack 25 days to described humic acids in order brown coal are pulverized, stand-by.
Described acidifying bone meal is pulverized 35 orders for the bone of will mixing, and is that 30% sulfuric acid is puddled with mass concentration then, puddles back placement 16 days, dry for standby.
Embodiment 4
Difference from Example 1 is:
Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco: meter by weight, 0.2 part of 12.7 parts in urea, 10.1 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 40.1 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 21 parts of bone meal, 7.1 parts of humic acidss, 2.1 parts of rare earths, 1.8 parts in moderate-element magnesium and 1.8 parts of sulphur and 0.2 part of micronutrient boron, 0.2 part of iron, 0.2 part on zinc, 0.1 part in manganese, 0.2 part of copper and molybdenum.
Preparation method: count by weight and pulverize 38 orders after 12.7 parts in urea, 10.1 parts of phosphoric acid diamines, 40.1 parts of vitriolate of tartar, moderate-element magnesium and 3.6 parts of sulphur and micronutrient boron, iron, zinc, manganese, copper and 1.1 parts of mixing of molybdenum, again with 7 parts of humic acidss, puddle, get final product through the traditional method granulation through pulverizing 21 parts of 2.1 parts of 38 purpose rare earths and acidifying bone meal.
To add mass content behind 38 orders be after 12% ammonium water is puddled, to stack 24 days to described humic acids in order brown coal are pulverized, stand-by.
Described acidifying bone meal is for to pulverize 38 orders with pig and Os Bovis seu Bubali, is that 30% sulfuric acid is puddled with mass concentration then, puddles the back and places dry for standby 18 days.

Claims (6)

1. fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco, it is characterized in that: count urea 12.6-13.0 part, phosphoric acid diamines 9.8-10.2 part, vitriolate of tartar 39.8-40.2 part, bone meal 18.0-22.0 part, humic acids 6.8-7.2 part, rare earth 1.8-2.2 part, moderate-element 3.5-3.9 part and trace element, 0.8-1.2 part by weight.
2. by the described fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described moderate-element is magnesium and sulphur; Trace element is boron, iron, zinc, manganese, copper and molybdenum.
3. preparation method by the described fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of claim 1, it is characterized in that: count by weight, urea 12.6-13.0 part, phosphoric acid diamines 9.8-10.2 part, vitriolate of tartar 39.8-40.2 part, moderate-element 3.5-3.9 part and trace element, 0.8-1.2 part are mixed the back and are pulverized, degree of grinding is the 30-40 order, again with humic acids 6.8-7.2 part, through pulverizing rare earth 1.8-2.2 part and through acidifying bone meal 18.0-22.0 part puddle, granulation gets final product.
4. by the preparation method of the described fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of claim 3, it is characterized in that: to add content behind the 30-40 order be after the ammonium water of 10-15% quality is puddled, to stack 20-30 days to described humic acids in order brown coal are crushed to, stand-by.
5. press the preparation method of the described fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of claim 3, it is characterized in that: described acidifying bone meal is for to be crushed to the 30-40 order with one or more bones in pig, horse, ox and the sheep, be that 30% sulfuric acid is puddled with mass concentration then, puddle the back and placed dry for standby 15-20 days.
6. by the preparation method of the described fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of claim 3, it is characterized in that: described moderate-element is magnesium and sulphur; Trace element is boron, iron, zinc, manganese, copper and molybdenum.
CN2008100121123A 2008-07-02 2008-07-02 Fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN101618980B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101871178A (en) * 2010-06-03 2010-10-27 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Method for manufacturing paper used in tobacco cultivation by utilizing waste tobacco stalk
CN102617215A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-08-01 常熟市海虞茶叶有限公司 Production and application method for tobacco-specific fertilizer
CN102850145A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-01-02 王自刚 Special fertilizer for tobaccos
CN103265359A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-08-28 高发信 Special fertilizer for tobacco and production method thereof
CN103936482A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-07-23 刘业成 Special tobacco efficient fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104163739A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-11-26 四川省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Special fertilizer for flue-cured tobaccos in alkalescent tobacco-planting soil as well as preparation method and application of special fertilizer
CN104788242A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-07-22 河南神州大化肥业有限公司 Special humic acid controlled-release mixed fertilizer for tobaccos
CN104961528A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 云南省烟草公司临沧市公司 Special trace element compound fertilizer for K326 flue-cured tobaccos and application of special trace element compound fertilizer
CN105503360A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-04-20 甘肃新明生物科技有限公司 Controlled-release fertilizer special for lily and preparation method of controlled-release fertilizer
CN105503359A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-04-20 甘肃新明生物科技有限公司 Bone-powder fertilizer for Kushui rose and preparation method of bone-powder fertilizer

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN1120822C (en) * 1998-06-25 2003-09-10 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Special Chinese-medicinal fertilizer and its preparing process
CN1239435C (en) * 2002-10-16 2006-02-01 郭宗恒 Activated humic acid composite fertilizer and its making method
CN100410216C (en) * 2006-08-08 2008-08-13 内乡县植物生长素研究所 Nutriment for tobacco leaves, and prepartion method

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101871178B (en) * 2010-06-03 2012-05-16 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Method for manufacturing paper used in tobacco cultivation by utilizing waste tobacco stalk
CN101871178A (en) * 2010-06-03 2010-10-27 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Method for manufacturing paper used in tobacco cultivation by utilizing waste tobacco stalk
CN102617215A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-08-01 常熟市海虞茶叶有限公司 Production and application method for tobacco-specific fertilizer
CN102850145A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-01-02 王自刚 Special fertilizer for tobaccos
CN102850145B (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-09 王自刚 Special fertilizer for tobaccos
CN103265359A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-08-28 高发信 Special fertilizer for tobacco and production method thereof
CN103936482A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-07-23 刘业成 Special tobacco efficient fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104163739B (en) * 2014-08-12 2016-07-06 四川省农业科学院植物保护研究所 A kind of alkalescence tobacco-growing soil special fertilizer for tobacco material and its preparation method and application
CN104163739A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-11-26 四川省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Special fertilizer for flue-cured tobaccos in alkalescent tobacco-planting soil as well as preparation method and application of special fertilizer
CN104788242A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-07-22 河南神州大化肥业有限公司 Special humic acid controlled-release mixed fertilizer for tobaccos
CN104788242B (en) * 2015-04-30 2017-12-01 河南神州大化肥业有限公司 One grows tobacco special humic acid Blending Fertilizer
CN104961528A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 云南省烟草公司临沧市公司 Special trace element compound fertilizer for K326 flue-cured tobaccos and application of special trace element compound fertilizer
CN105503360A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-04-20 甘肃新明生物科技有限公司 Controlled-release fertilizer special for lily and preparation method of controlled-release fertilizer
CN105503359A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-04-20 甘肃新明生物科技有限公司 Bone-powder fertilizer for Kushui rose and preparation method of bone-powder fertilizer

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