CN104086263B - Big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104086263B
CN104086263B CN201410304850.0A CN201410304850A CN104086263B CN 104086263 B CN104086263 B CN 104086263B CN 201410304850 A CN201410304850 A CN 201410304850A CN 104086263 B CN104086263 B CN 104086263B
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organic
cured tobacco
flos carthami
inorganic compound
flue
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CN104086263A (en
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赵正雄
李忠环
杨勇
王洪云
刘智强
杨德海
李宏光
徐发华
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Yunnan Agricultural University
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Yunnan Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami and preparation method thereof, this Chemical Mixed Fertilizer is to prepare according to soil fertility for growing tobacco Flos Carthami big gold dollar kind flue-cured tobacco regulation of fertilizer requirement, fertilizer good water solubility, can better coordinate soil nutrient supply after using, strengthen this kind cigarette strain resistance against diseases to diseases such as " two black diseases " (i.e. balck shank and root black rot) and rust; Simultaneously facilitate cigarette strain early stage early growth and quick tiller, later stage maturation and the Huang that falls in good time; It is prone to tobacco grower's baking and improves quality of tobacco; For easy to use peasant household, peasant's amount of labour used can be reduced, improve work efficiency.

Description

Big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to promotion tobacco growth, improve the fertilizer formula field of flue-cured tobacco disease-resistant performance, particularly relate to a kind of Flos Carthami big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special (containing organic and inorganic two kinds of form nitrogen) and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Nicotiana tabacum L. is that Yield and quality is laid equal stress on, the crop of outstanding heavy amount, and the rational application of fertilizer is then ensure that flue-cured tobacco normal growth is grown, it is achieved high-quality, the suitable key produced. Cured tobacco production is paid much attention to the Rational Application of fertilizer. For many years, production has the appearance of many special fertilizer for tobacco material successively, and achieves good effect. The big gold dollar of Flos Carthami is the flue-cured tobacco cultivars that a delicate fragrance type style and features highlights very much, but it is sensitive to nitrogenous fertilizer, and in production, the disease such as " two black diseases " (i.e. balck shank and root black rot) and rust occurs and endangers comparatively general. Though and it currently has dedicated fertilizer in producing, but related fertilizer one fertilizer formula, ratio are not reasonable, the two is suitable for is used in solid form, though or water in liquid form and execute, but its dissolubility is poor, and solid residue is more, and result of use is not ideal enough aborning; Furthermore using aforementioned dedicated fertilizer, this disease such as kind cigarette strain field " two black diseases " and rust occurs still comparatively general; And the baking stage not easily toast.
Based on this, in conjunction with the high-quality of Hongda cured tobacco production, suitable product and disease-resistant needs, it is necessary to develop one and can strengthen this kind cigarette strain field resistance energy, can ensure that again cigarette strain normal growth is grown, and contribute to the fertilizer of after-bake.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami, it is intended to solve the various deficiencies existing for existing related fertilizer in above-mentioned background technology.
The preparation method that it is still another object of the present invention to provide the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of above-mentioned Flos Carthami.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami, including each component in parts by mass: oil cake of becoming thoroughly decomposed 38~46 parts, MAP 4.5~6.8 parts, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 2.3~4.6 parts, potassium sulfate 22~26 parts, potassium nitrate 11~14 parts, 2.5~4 parts of potassium chloride, borax anhydrous 0.5~1 part, 0.4~1 part of zinc sulfate, 0.5~1 part of magnesium sulfate, amino acid/11 .4~2 part, potassium humate 4~5 parts.
In described Chemical Mixed Fertilizer by weight percentage containing N3~6%, containing P2O53~6%, containing K2O16~24%.
The preparation method that invention further provides the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of above-mentioned Flos Carthami, by by 38~46 parts of oil cakes of becoming thoroughly decomposed, 4.5~6.8 parts of MAPs, 2.3~4.6 parts of Diammonium phosphate (DAP), 22~26 parts of potassium sulfate, 11~14 parts of potassium nitrate, 2.5~4 parts of potassium chloride, 0.5~1 part of borax anhydrous, 0.4~1 part of zinc sulfate, 0.5~1 part of magnesium sulfate, 1.4~2 parts of aminoacid and 4~5 parts of potassium humate mixings, pulverizing, after being entirely through the sieve of 1mm, obtain the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami and preparation method thereof, this Chemical Mixed Fertilizer is to prepare according to soil fertility for growing tobacco Flos Carthami big gold dollar kind flue-cured tobacco regulation of fertilizer requirement, fertilizer good water solubility, can better coordinate soil nutrient supply after using, strengthen this kind cigarette strain resistance against diseases to diseases such as " two black diseases " (i.e. balck shank and root black rot) and rust; Simultaneously facilitate cigarette strain early stage early growth and quick tiller, later stage maturation and the Huang that falls in good time; It is prone to tobacco grower's baking and improves quality of tobacco; For easy to use peasant household, peasant's amount of labour used can be reduced, improve work efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated. Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Take the oil cake 41.5kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, MAP 5.8kg, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 3.5kg, potassium sulfate 24.3kg, potassium nitrate 13.4kg, potassium chloride 3.5kg, borax anhydrous 0.9kg, zinc sulfate 0.7kg, magnesium sulfate 0.5kg, amino acid/11 .5kg, potassium humate 4.4kg. Above-mentioned raw materials is mixed, fully pulverizes afterwards, and be entirely through the sieve of 1mm, namely obtain the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 1 of Flos Carthami.
Embodiment 2
Take the oil cake 40kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, MAP 4.8kg, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 4.8kg, potassium sulfate 24kg, potassium nitrate 14.7kg, potassium chloride 3.6kg, borax anhydrous 0.7kg, zinc sulfate 0.6kg, magnesium sulfate 0.5kg, amino acid/11 .5kg, potassium humate 4.8kg. Above-mentioned raw materials is mixed, fully pulverizes afterwards, and be entirely through the sieve of 1mm, namely obtain the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 2 of Flos Carthami.
Embodiment 3
Take the oil cake 43kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, MAP 5.2kg, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 4kg, potassium sulfate 24.5kg, potassium nitrate 12.6kg, potassium chloride 2.8kg, borax anhydrous 0.7kg, zinc sulfate 0.6kg, magnesium sulfate 0.5kg, amino acid/11 .4kg, potassium humate 4.7kg. Above-mentioned raw materials is mixed, fully pulverizes afterwards, and be entirely through the sieve of 1mm, namely obtain the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 3 of Flos Carthami.
Embodiment 4
Take the oil cake 41kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, MAP 4.5kg, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 4.6kg, potassium sulfate 26kg, potassium nitrate 11kg, potassium chloride 4kg, borax anhydrous 1kg, zinc sulfate 1kg, magnesium sulfate 0.5kg, amino acid/11 .4kg, potassium humate 5kg. Above-mentioned raw materials is mixed, fully pulverizes afterwards, and be entirely through the sieve of 1mm, namely obtain the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 4 of Flos Carthami.
Embodiment 5
Take the oil cake 44.5kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, MAP 6.8kg, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 2.3kg, potassium sulfate 22kg, potassium nitrate 14kg, potassium chloride 2.5kg, borax anhydrous 0.5kg, zinc sulfate 0.4kg, magnesium sulfate 1kg, aminoacid 2kg, potassium humate 4kg.Above-mentioned raw materials is mixed, fully pulverizes afterwards, and be entirely through the sieve of 1mm, namely obtain the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special 5 of Flos Carthami.
Effect example
Within 2011, rectifying in three, Xun Dian county, Kunming, Yunnan Province dragon, Songming County, youth, Lu Quan county be prosperous and ground, Pingshan 4 selects representative peasant household 12 family to carry out the demonstration with field contrast test and 950 mu of the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special (abbreviation organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special) of Flos Carthami and common fertilizer altogether. From field growing way, although 2011 years met with drought impact, cigarette strain growth is totally limited, but in same field, the cigarette strain growing way using organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special material is totally better than conventional fertilizer application cigarette strain, and its prosperous long-term cigarette strain plant height, leaves number, stem girth and leaf-area coefficient increase 2.38cm, 1.31,1.02cm and 0.10 than conventional fertilizer application cigarette strain respectively; Before tobacco leaf picking is roasting, These parameters increases 10.50cm, 0.83,0.21cm and 0.34 respectively.
From disease, a situation arises, although different disposal chemical control measure is consistent, but the black incidence in field has larger difference because applying fertilizer difference. Group's phase and prosperous long-term time bright demonstration pilot project of rectifying use the cigarette strain balck shank sickness rate of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special ratio conventional fertilizer application respectively and process low 53% and 25%, the balck shank sickness rate then more conventional fertilizer treatment that Pingshan and prosperous two places cigarette strain prosperous chronic administration organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special process reduces 62.00% and 55.45%.
Adopt roasting before with field contrast test Upper Leaf of Flue-cured Tobacco, middle leaf and inferior leads SPAD value then with use organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special process respectively lower by 3.25% than conventional fertilizer application, 7.26% and 20.20%, illustrate that using organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special process cigarette strain maturation falls yellow more conventional fertilizer treatment earlier.
Contrast the cured tobacco leaf yield of demonstration pilot project with field, the output value all increases by 1.92%, 41.55%, 10.80%, 11.11% and 11.91%, 41.55%, 36.52%, 15.66% with the more conventional fertilizer treatment of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special process respectively on prosperity, Pingshan, three dragons, Kuang Lang 4 ground, illustrates that organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special material is more conducive to improve yield of tobacco and the output value.
The judging parameter evaluation of sent tobacco sample is thought by Qingzhou Dohanykutato Intezet of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, prosperity, Pingshan, three dragons, tetra-places of Kuang Lang with field contrast demonstration pilot project quality of tobacco totally medium+to better+scope, conventional fertilizer application process then many medium-to medium range; Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special processes total score of smokeing panel test and processes high 2.6 points than conventional fertilizer application.
Described above uses the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami can promote the early growth and quick tiller of flue-cured tobacco, improves the cigarette strain resistance to balck shank, is beneficial to the flue-cured tobacco later stage and is layered maturation preferably and falls Huang, improves yield of tobacco, improve quality.
Compared to the shortcoming and defect of prior art, the method have the advantages that
(1) preparation method of the present invention is simple, easy to use, it is easy to promote.
(2) compound fertilizer of the present invention to Hongda flue-cured tobacco early stage early growth and quick tiller, later stage maturation in good time and falls yellow effect substantially. After using compound fertilizer of the present invention, cigarette strain field growing is neat, and early stage growing way is healthy and strong, later stage tobacco leaf-layering falls yellow obvious, and upper tobacco leaf dry matter accumulation is sufficient, and blade is unfolded, hacking better, organizational structure is loosened, and reaches the colony of high-quality tobacco and individual growing way appearance requirement.
(3) compound fertilizer of the present invention can significantly improve the Flos Carthami big gold dollar Flue-cured Tobacco strain resistance to diseases such as " two black diseases " (i.e. balck shank and root black rot) and rust. After using compound fertilizer of the present invention, disease incidence reduces by 25~64%, and disease severity is remarkably decreased 53~60%, reduces the use of chemical agent, reduces management cost.
(4) compound fertilizer of the present invention can improve cigarette strain root region soil environment, chesson, promotes the formation of healthy geobiont chain, improves the cigarette strain utilization rate to moisture, nutrient simultaneously.
(5) compound fertilizer of the present invention can improve quality of tobacco, and obtains substantive volume increase. Compound fertilizer of the present invention can make cigarette strain endotrophic more become to coordinating and balanced, reduces the diseases such as Hongda cigarette strain " two black diseases " and rust and occurs, and makes Mature Tobacco Leaves be prone to baking simultaneously, promotes output increased, quality improvement. Many years of field test shows, Nicotiana tabacum L. volume increase 2~11%, increases income 7%~30%, and judging parameter improves.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendment, equivalent replacement and improvement etc. made within the spirit and principles in the present invention, should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami, it is characterised in that it includes by mass parts following components: oil cake of becoming thoroughly decomposed 38~46 parts, MAP 4.5~6.8 parts, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 2.3~4.6 parts, potassium sulfate 22~26 parts, potassium nitrate 11~14 parts, 2.5~4 parts of potassium chloride, borax anhydrous 0.5~1 part, 0.4~1 part of zinc sulfate, 0.5~1 part of magnesium sulfate, amino acid/11 .4~2 part and potassium humate 4~5 parts.
2. the big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described compound organic and inorganic fertilizer contain in mass N3~6%, P2O53~6% and K2O16~24%.
CN201410304850.0A 2014-06-30 2014-06-30 Big gold dollar flue-cured tobacco cultivars organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special of Flos Carthami and preparation method thereof Active CN104086263B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104387211A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-03-04 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 Special nutrient package fertilizer for Honghua Dajinyuan species tobacco and preparation method thereof
CN104961522A (en) * 2015-06-22 2015-10-07 云南省农业科学院农业环境资源研究所 Compound fertilizer special for flue-cured tobacco variety NC297 and preparation method and application of compound fertilizer
CN105439668A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 云南省农业科学院农业环境资源研究所 Compound fertilizer special for flue-cured tobacco variety NC102
CN105622279A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-01 湖北省烟草科学研究院 Specialty compound fertilizer for tobacco for improving solubility and utilization of fertilizer

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1253930A (en) * 1999-04-06 2000-05-24 陈凤侨 Special-purpose mixed fertilizer for tobacco
CN102060591A (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-05-18 罗定棋 Compound fertilizer special for flue-cured tobacco
CN102850145A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-01-02 王自刚 Special fertilizer for tobaccos
CN103570416A (en) * 2012-08-12 2014-02-12 江苏新港金源化肥有限公司 Production method of special base fertilizer for tobacco

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1253930A (en) * 1999-04-06 2000-05-24 陈凤侨 Special-purpose mixed fertilizer for tobacco
CN102060591A (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-05-18 罗定棋 Compound fertilizer special for flue-cured tobacco
CN103570416A (en) * 2012-08-12 2014-02-12 江苏新港金源化肥有限公司 Production method of special base fertilizer for tobacco
CN102850145A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-01-02 王自刚 Special fertilizer for tobaccos

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