CN102754579A - Cultivation method of Kuimi kivi fruit - Google Patents

Cultivation method of Kuimi kivi fruit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102754579A
CN102754579A CN2011101118878A CN201110111887A CN102754579A CN 102754579 A CN102754579 A CN 102754579A CN 2011101118878 A CN2011101118878 A CN 2011101118878A CN 201110111887 A CN201110111887 A CN 201110111887A CN 102754579 A CN102754579 A CN 102754579A
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fruit
sweet
chief
cultivation
kiwi fruit
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CN2011101118878A
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陈宜军
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陈宜军
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method of Kuimi kivi fruit, which belongs to the technical field of fruit farming, is a planting method summarized in many years of Kuimi kivi fruit planting processes and is proved to be good in effect through practice inspection. When the Kuimi kivi fruit is planted in a large area, firstly, the steps of land selecting, strong seedling selecting, fertilizing, rack building, pruning and fruit thinning, insect and disease prevention, timely harvesting and the like are carried out to produce the Kuimi kivi fruit. The Kuimi kivi fruit is one of good varieties of kivi fruit, is rich in nutrients, every 100 g of pulp of the Kuimi kivi fruit contains 25mg of calcium, 24mg of phosphorus and 0.2mg of iron and further contains carotene and multiple vitamins, wherein the content of vitamin C reaches 120-148mg, and in addition, the Kuimi kivi fruit is further rich in more than ten kinds of amino acids, such as leucine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, tyrosine, valine, and alanine.

Description

The cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief
Technical field:
The invention belongs to the fruit tree planting technique field, relate in particular to the cultivation method of a kind of kind for the kiwi fruit of chief's honey.
Background technology:
Kiwi fruit, fallen leaves liana, branch brown, leaf subcircular or wide obovate; Milky when the flowers are in blossom, back flavescence look, single give birth to or several be born in axil, the florescence is in the 5-6 month; The fructescence 8-10 month, about 6 centimetres high of the fruit of kiwi fruit, about 4.5 to 5.5 centimetres of circumference generally are oval-shaped; The epidermis of dark brown and band hair is generally not edible, in it then is to be the pulp of bright green and the seed of row's black, and the taste of its fruit is similar with strawberry, banana, pineapple three's mixing taste.Kiwi fruit is a dioecism, the staminiferous plant crinosity, and leaf is little, and female plant lacks hair or does not have hair, and leaf is big.The main improved seeds of kiwi fruit have: No. one, Hayward, chief honey, plain perfume, 93-01, Zhengzhou 90-1, Zhengzhou 90-4, Zhengzhou 90-5, Hubei Province Mi peach etc.The present invention is exactly the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief, these kiwifruit fruit mean fruit weight 100 grams, and maximum fruit weighs 155 grams; Mid-September is ripe; The advantage of the sweet kiwi fruit of chief is: fruit-setting rate is high, early bearing, high yield, stable yields, wind resistance, high temperature resistant, storage property is better; The sweet kiwifruit fruit subcircular of chief, pulp green-yellow, the thin succulence of matter; Sour-sweet flavor is dense, and sweet acid is pleasant, and is nutritious; Tasty, per 100 25 milligrams of gram pulp calcics, 24 milligrams in phosphorus, 1.2 milligrams of iron also contain carotin and multivitamin; Wherein ascorbic content reaches 120 milligrams-148 milligrams, also is rich in ten several amino acids such as leucine, phenyl alanine, isoleucine, tyrosine, valine, alanine in addition.This kiwi fruit also to keep health, preventing and curing diseases has important effect, can prevent senile osteoporosis, suppress the deposition of cholesterol at the artery inwall, improves myocardial function, prevent and treat cardiopathy and have antitumaous effect.Therefore; The kiwi fruit of this kind had both had very high edibility; Also have very high medicinal and health care and be worth, the wide adaptability during kiwi fruit of this kind plantation simultaneously, cold-resistant, drought-enduring, disease-resistant, be suitable for establishing in large scale, be a kind of kiwi fruit improved seeds that have development potentiality.
Summary of the invention:
The problem that the present invention mainly solves provides the method for the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of establishing in large scale chief, and this method is through practice test, and is respond well.
The method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of establishing in large scale chief is characterized in that being made up of following steps:
1. plant when planting stalwart sweet kiwi fruit and will select the soil earlier, generally between 13 ℃~18 ℃ of average annual temperatures, annual precipitation is at 1000~1500 millimeters; Relative air humidity is more than 80%, and the little acid of soil is loosened and breathed freely; Draining is good; Be rich in the soil of humus, planting density is spacing in the rows * line-spacing=3 * 3 meter, and the male and female plant ratio is 9: 1.
2. select for use strong sprout, high-quality is the key that guarantees survival rate and high yield strong sprout, select to grow normal no damage by disease and insect, the high-quality strong sprout of well developed root system.
3. fertilising: every strain can once apply inorganic composite fertilizer 2.5kg in the groove of the preceding hole of plantation, and children phase tree is adopted on a small quantity repeatedly fertilization method, the general annual fertilising of one-tenth tree 3 times; Base manure 1 time topdresses 2 times, and base manure applies behind fruit harvesting; Autogamy composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 30kg is executed in every strain; Topdressing for the 1st time applies after rudiment, and inorganic composite fertilizer 2kg is executed in every strain, to enrich the spring tip; Applied before the most productive period in growth for the 2nd time, can apply inorganic composite fertilizer 5kg, shallow ridges apply and grave mound digging slightly at a distance from root, in order to avoid cause the burning root, must pour water after applying fertilizer dry season.
The cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief, its beneficial effect is: stalwart sweet Chinese goosebeery healthy is grown up strong and sturdy, and can produce and there emerged a the sweet kiwifruit fruit of big, delicious high-quality chief.
Embodiment:
Embodiment:
1. built: the main built mode that adopts of kiwi fruit plantation has: T shape frame, hedge frame, tripod, greenhouse frame etc.; And concerning the sweet macaque peach of chief, adopt the flat-top greenhouse frame the most suitable, dirty with interchangeable bamboo wood; Key position uses timber; Frame is high 2.2 meters on the spot, intersects in length and breadth with No. 12 iron wires to be " well " the font network, about 50-55 centimetre of iron wire spacing.
2. pruning and fruit thinning: shaping is decided according to the built mode, and principle is to make full use of the frame face, and branch is evenly distributed, ventilation and penetrating light, thus reach the purpose of high yield and high quality.Pruning for the first time and behind fallen leaves, to the rudiment in early spring, carry out, is main to prune off, and an amount of cutting back stays main climing and bearing basal shoot more; Prune for the second time to remove and sprout, pinching, prune off and bondage, in time erase the rudiment on the trunk, arrange complicated and confused space in mid-May to early July; Prune for the third time and spending back 1 month and advance the ground fruit thinning, principle is that every 4-5 sheet leaf stays 1 fruit, and general branch stays 1 one 2 of fruits for per 20 centimetres, and 500-600 of fruit stayed in a strain.
3. prevention and elimination of disease and pests: the disease of this kiwi fruit has anthracnose, root knot nematode disease, damping off etc., and anthracnose had both endangered cauline leaf, endangered fruit again, can when rudiment, spray 2 800 times of carbendazim to prevent and treat; Root knot nematode disease is prevented and treated with Isofenphos methyl.Main insect pest has white mulberry scale, Bin comb armored scale, chafer, leafhopper, fruit piercing moth etc., and white mulberry scale, Bin comb armored scale are survived the winter worm with 2000 times of liquid controls of flolimat; Chafer prevented and treated with the 1000 times of liquid in malathion in the dusk of early April; Leafhopper is with 1000 times of liquid controls of 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate; Fruit piercing moth can be used bagging, black light lamp or sugar-vinegar liquid trapping control.
4. in time gather: the maturity the when shelf-life of stalwart sweet kiwi fruit and quality receive its results influences very big; Kiwifruit fruit is gathered too early or is crossed the quality and the local flavor that all can influence fruit late; According to fruit development period; When fruit soluble solids content 7%,, need the fruit of long term storage then to require to reach about 9% for gathering optimum period; Gathering to be good when 10 preceding temperature do not raise in the calm fine morning, when gathering, gently adopt, put down gently, avoids damaging, piling pressure, preferably packs warehouse-in with adopting with classification.

Claims (8)

1. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of chief is characterized in that: will be earlier when planting stalwart sweet kiwi fruit through selection the soil, select strong sprout, fertilising, built, pruning and fruit thinning for use, prevention and elimination of disease and pests, in time step such as gather is produced stalwart sweet kiwifruit fruit.
2. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief according to claim 1, its first step is characterised in that: will select the soil earlier when planting stalwart sweet kiwi fruit, generally between 13 ℃~18 ℃ of average annual temperatures; Annual precipitation is at 1000~1500 millimeters, and relative air humidity is more than 80%, the little acid of soil; Loose ventilative, draining is good, is rich in the soil of humus; Planting density is spacing in the rows * line-spacing=3 * 3 meter, and the male and female plant ratio is 9: 1.
3. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief according to claim 1, its second step is characterised in that: select strong sprout for use, high-quality is the key that guarantees survival rate and high yield strong sprout, select to grow normal no damage by disease and insect, the high-quality strong sprout of well developed root system.
4. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief according to claim 1, its 3rd step is characterised in that: every strain can once apply inorganic composite fertilizer 2.5kg in the groove of the preceding hole of plantation, and children phase tree is adopted on a small quantity repeatedly fertilization method; Become the general annual fertilising of tree 3 times, base manure 1 time topdresses 2 times; Base manure applies behind fruit harvesting, and autogamy composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 30kg is executed in every strain, topdresses for the 1st time after rudiment, to apply; Inorganic composite fertilizer 2kg is executed in every strain, to enrich the spring tip; Applied before the most productive period in growth for the 2nd time, can apply inorganic composite fertilizer 5kg, shallow ridges apply and grave mound digging slightly at a distance from root, in order to avoid cause the burning root, must pour water after applying fertilizer dry season.
5. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief according to claim 1, its 4th step is characterised in that: built: the main built mode that adopts of kiwi fruit plantation has: T shape frame, hedge frame, tripod, greenhouse frame etc., and concerning the sweet macaque peach of chief; Adopt the flat-top greenhouse frame the most suitable; Dirty with interchangeable bamboo wood, key position uses timber, and frame is high 2.2 meters on the spot; Intersect in length and breadth with No. 12 iron wires and to be " well " the font network, about 50-55 centimetre of iron wire spacing.
6. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief according to claim 1; Its 5th step is characterised in that: pruning and fruit thinning: shaping is decided according to the built mode, and principle is to make full use of the frame face, and branch is evenly distributed; Ventilation and penetrating light, thus reach the purpose of high yield and high quality; Pruning for the first time and behind fallen leaves, to the rudiment in early spring, carry out, is main to prune off, and an amount of cutting back stays main climing and bearing basal shoot more; Prune for the second time to remove and sprout, pinching, prune off and bondage, in time erase the rudiment on the trunk, arrange complicated and confused space in mid-May to early July; Prune for the third time and spending back 1 month and advance the ground fruit thinning, principle is that every 4-5 sheet leaf stays 1 fruit, and general branch stays 1-2 of fruit for per 20 centimetres, and 500-600 of fruit stayed in a strain.
7. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief according to claim 1; Its 7th step is characterised in that: prevention and elimination of disease and pests: the disease of this kiwi fruit has anthracnose, root knot nematode disease, damping off etc.; Anthracnose had both endangered cauline leaf; Endanger fruit again, can when rudiment, spray 2 800 times of carbendazim and prevent and treat; Root knot nematode disease is prevented and treated with Isofenphos methyl; Main insect pest has white mulberry scale, Bin comb armored scale, chafer, leafhopper, fruit piercing moth etc., and white mulberry scale, Bin comb armored scale are survived the winter worm with 2000 times of liquid controls of flolimat; Chafer prevented and treated with the 1000 times of liquid in malathion in the dusk of early April; Leafhopper is with 1000 times of liquid controls of 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate; Fruit piercing moth can be used bagging, black light lamp or sugar-vinegar liquid trapping control.
8. the cultivation method of the sweet kiwi fruit of a kind of chief according to claim 1; Its 8th step is characterised in that: in time gather: the maturity the when shelf-life of stalwart sweet kiwi fruit and quality receive its results influences very big; Kiwifruit fruit is gathered too early or is crossed the quality and the local flavor that all can influence fruit late; According to fruit development period, when fruit soluble solids content 7%,, need the fruit of long term storage then to require to reach about 9% for gathering optimum period; Gathering to be good when 10 preceding temperature do not raise in the calm fine morning, when gathering, gently adopt, put down gently, avoids damaging, piling pressure, preferably packs warehouse-in with adopting with classification.
CN2011101118878A 2011-04-28 2011-04-28 Cultivation method of Kuimi kivi fruit Pending CN102754579A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103053376A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-04-24 西双版纳印奇生物资源开发有限公司 Planting standardized management and protection method of sacha inchi
CN103404401A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-11-27 重庆市善感农业开发有限公司 Method for planting kiwi fruits
CN103461053A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-25 韩广才 Method for culturing kiwi fruits
CN103749233A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-30 重庆市石笋山生态农业有限公司 Planting method for red kiwifruit
CN103875499A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-25 吉首大学 High yield and high quality cultivation technology for new species 'Xiangji' and 'Xiangji-Hong' of seedless actinidia lindl with parthenocarpy characteristic
CN104106440A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-22 上海市农业科学院 Kiwifruit tree planting method
CN104488635A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-08 太和县起鹤种植专业合作社 Kiwi fruit planting method
CN104705022A (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-06-17 重庆畔园猕猴桃股份合作社 Planting method of kiwi fruits
CN104718955A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-24 太仓市农业技术推广中心 Planting method for high-yield kiwi fruit
CN104770183A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-15 吴迪 Organic Chinese gooseberry tree planting process
CN104782430A (en) * 2014-03-11 2015-07-22 江苏省农业科学院 Efficient kiwi plant culturing method through double-layer canopy frame
CN105210775A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-06 吉林省奇枣科技有限公司 A kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method
CN105594542A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-25 张恩祥 New method for wide and narrow row and compact planting of kiwi fruits by adopting tilting trellises
CN105660260A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-15 务川县金锋猕猴桃种植农民专业合作社 Method for preventing and treating scarab insect damage on kiwi fruit trees
CN106941989A (en) * 2016-01-07 2017-07-14 许尚斌 A kind of golden large yellow peach cultural method
CN108702991A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-10-26 道真自治县好农夫果园 Kiwi berry insect-pest implantation methods

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103053376B (en) * 2013-01-30 2014-04-16 西双版纳印奇生物资源开发有限公司 Planting standardized management and protection method of sacha inchi
CN103053376A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-04-24 西双版纳印奇生物资源开发有限公司 Planting standardized management and protection method of sacha inchi
CN103404401A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-11-27 重庆市善感农业开发有限公司 Method for planting kiwi fruits
CN103461053A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-25 韩广才 Method for culturing kiwi fruits
CN104705022A (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-06-17 重庆畔园猕猴桃股份合作社 Planting method of kiwi fruits
CN103749233A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-30 重庆市石笋山生态农业有限公司 Planting method for red kiwifruit
CN104782430A (en) * 2014-03-11 2015-07-22 江苏省农业科学院 Efficient kiwi plant culturing method through double-layer canopy frame
CN103875499A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-25 吉首大学 High yield and high quality cultivation technology for new species 'Xiangji' and 'Xiangji-Hong' of seedless actinidia lindl with parthenocarpy characteristic
CN104106440A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-22 上海市农业科学院 Kiwifruit tree planting method
CN104106440B (en) * 2014-06-27 2016-04-27 上海市农业科学院 A kind of facility cultivation method of kiwi fruit
CN104488635A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-08 太和县起鹤种植专业合作社 Kiwi fruit planting method
CN104718955A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-24 太仓市农业技术推广中心 Planting method for high-yield kiwi fruit
CN104770183A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-15 吴迪 Organic Chinese gooseberry tree planting process
CN105210775A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-06 吉林省奇枣科技有限公司 A kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method
CN105594542A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-25 张恩祥 New method for wide and narrow row and compact planting of kiwi fruits by adopting tilting trellises
CN106941989A (en) * 2016-01-07 2017-07-14 许尚斌 A kind of golden large yellow peach cultural method
CN105660260A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-15 务川县金锋猕猴桃种植农民专业合作社 Method for preventing and treating scarab insect damage on kiwi fruit trees
CN108702991A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-10-26 道真自治县好农夫果园 Kiwi berry insect-pest implantation methods

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Application publication date: 20121031