CN105210775A - A kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method - Google Patents

A kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105210775A
CN105210775A CN201510671165.6A CN201510671165A CN105210775A CN 105210775 A CN105210775 A CN 105210775A CN 201510671165 A CN201510671165 A CN 201510671165A CN 105210775 A CN105210775 A CN 105210775A
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artificial cultivation
changbai mountain
earth
plant
actinidia arguta
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王海燕
李世荣
姜喜同
张桂燕
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Jilin Qizao Technology Co Ltd
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Jilin Qizao Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, and the method step comprises field foundation, Superior vine selec-tion, the numerous seedling of cuttage, plants, earth's surface management, pruning, diseases prevention insect protected and gather.By the selection to monoecism plant and the selection to each step condition and restriction, effectively improve the survival rate of plant culture phase and the pollination rate at florescence, thus improve the output of tara vine significantly, improve its economic benefit.Meanwhile, cultivation method of the present invention is the cultivation of monoecism plant, thus the nutrient component of fruit more comprehensively, and due to without the need to cultivating male flower plant, in Technique Popularizing, be more beneficial to self-employed tree cultivator accept, social benefit is more remarkable.

Description

A kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of kiwi fruit.More specifically, a kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method is related to.
Background technology
Tara vine is distributed in China northeast, the Northwest widely, as a kind of wild acinus, it contains very high VC content and has high nutritive value, and its fruit, leaf and root have separates thermal detoxification diuresis and the medical functions of invigorating blood circulation, thus widely pay close attention to by people.And the limits throughput of wild actinidia arguta, therefore, its artificial cultivation technique grows up thereupon.But because tara vine is liana, and in existing tara vine culture technique, its area under cultivation is limited, thus its output is also further restricted, and production cost is corresponding also very high.The cultivation of existing monoecism tara vine can improve this problem to a certain extent, improves output to a certain extent, but the effect improved is still little.The present invention is exactly on this basis, provides the monoecism cultivation method of a kind of new tara vine, and the method can improve the output of tara vine effectively, improves income.
Summary of the invention
One object of the present invention is the artificial cultivation method providing a kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta.This cultivation method is simple and output is high.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical proposals:
A kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, comprises the steps:
1) field is set up:
Selection of land: the selection gradient in field is between 0-20 °, and earth's surface is mild as far as possible, and field soil property PH is 6.0-6.5, and soil property is divided into two-layer, and upper strata is the humus soil that 10-15cm is thick, and lower floor is the husky earth or middle earth that 30-50cm is thick.
Built: dig pit on field, dig pit cave line-spacing 50m, spacing 2m, stainless-steel pipe thick for 5-7cm imbedded 40-45cm in cave dark, overground part height 2.5-3m; One waterproof nontoxic diameter 0.8cm steel wire rope is drawn, as the warp of frame along seedbed trend at stainless-steel pipe top; Steel wire rope two ends angle steel is fixed.
Wholely: the assorted tree in the frame trestle 0.5m wide region that removing is put up, horizontal wall inscription to or inclined slope aspect or north-south, level land dig the ditch of dark, wide each 0.5m, fill out the dry branches and fallen leaves or leaf wood brush wood of putting thick 20-30cm to bottom of trench, then fill out the mixture of putting original soil and farm organic fertilizer and tread.
2) Superior vine selec-tion: select year after year solid many, single fruit is large and fruit shape feature is obvious, and pulp is emerald green, and the hermaphrodite individual plant that succulence, exquisiteness, moderately sour and sweet, mouthfeel are good is labeled as excellent strain.
3) the numerous seedling of cuttage: the numerous seedling of cuttage adopts epicormic branch cuttage, be included in the young sprout of the semi-lignified taking excellent strain July, be cut into 8-10cm long, rugosity is greater than the branch section of 0.6cm, retains butyric acid leaf, is goed deep into by young sprout base portion dipping 0.5h in the ABT1 root-inducing powder (purchased from Ai Bidi bio tech ltd, Beijing) that concentration is 200mg/L, take out, insert in cutting medium, hide slotting machine with sunshade net, to online water spray; Can net be removed after taking root, keep slotting machine bed surface suitable humidity, and uprooting weed in time, to topdress.
4) plant: to dig pit cave by spacing in the rows 2m, line-spacing 4m on row is planted in the field of building up, often spread manuer in holes farmyard manure 0.5-1.5kg, and every dibbling cuttage root-taking seedling 1-2 strain, waters sufficient water after planting.
5) earth's surface management: to the timely weeding removal of impurities in row earth's surface of planting, conserve water and soil moisture, and fruiting period applies 10-15kg leaf wood wood chip mid-August in the every cave of plant hole; Budding period, every strain applied farmyard manure 60-80g.
6) pruning:
A, tree-like pruning: the frame that every root is put up connects two tara vine branch masters climing, the spacing on main climing frame is 0.5-0.8m;
B, Summerly pruning: on master is climing, cultivate a branch group every 20-25cm, the main climing unnecessary bud tip going up life of erasing in time, stays 8-10 sheet blade, pinching to fruit bearing shoot (having inflorescence or fruit ear) before inflorescence or fruit ear; Young sprout beyond the upper result of branch group should retain 1-2 intentionally and not stay fruit branch to do preparation branch, in order to lower annual bearing, and stays 10-12 sheet blade, pinching.To the climing end of the branch of master of the raw treelet of 1-3, stay suitable length pinching in August.
C, winter cut: cut the overlapping branch on plant, descending branch, withered branch.
7) diseases prevention insect protected: to go out in time insect pest of curing the disease in the fruit development phase, adopt non-harmful prevention and controls, reasonable selection agricultural chemicals, alternatively administered reduces the pesticide resistance of disease worm, the interval using agricultural chemicals is continuously 15-20 days.
8) gather: when 8-9 month fine day temperature is 15-20 DEG C, pluck, gently adopt and put down gently, packaging warehouse-in.
A kind of Changbai Mountain of the present invention wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, gather from the selection in field, the selection of building excellent strain of support, cultivation, insect-pest to last, a unified entirety, to the selection of the strict restriction of the field gradient, field soil property composition thickness and acid-base value, are all the key factors ensureing that monoecism tara vine output of the present invention increases.Meanwhile, select the young sprout of semi-lignified in epicormic branch cuttage process, the vitality of branch is more indomitable; The selection of built material and distance, improves pollination efficiency effectively, contributes to improving output; Select the ABT1 root-inducing powder of peculiar concentration, the time that needs are dipped is short, and rooting rate is high.In the management process of earth's surface, apply leaf wood wood chip, effectively instead of the effect of farmyard manure in plant hole, it easily obtains simultaneously, and resource obtains effective utilization.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
The invention provides a kind of new Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, the method selects monoecism plant to cultivate, simultaneously to the condition of cultivation from whole, choose seeds, cultivate final-period management and pluck and all carried out strict restriction, effectively improve the survival rate of plant and the pollination rate at florescence, thus improve the output of tara vine significantly, and then improve its economic benefit.
Cultivation method of the present invention is the cultivation of monoecism plant, thus the nutrient component of fruit more comprehensively, and due to without the need to cultivating male flower plant, in Technique Popularizing, be more beneficial to self-employed tree cultivator accept, social benefit is more remarkable.
Embodiment
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the present invention, below in conjunction with preferred embodiment, the present invention is described further.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that specifically described content is illustrative and nonrestrictive, should not limit the scope of the invention with this below.
Embodiment 1
The artificial cultivation method of a kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta is as follows:
1) field is set up:
Selection of land: field be chosen as level land, field soil property PH is 6.0, and soil property is divided into two-layer, and upper strata is the humus soil that 10cm is thick, and lower floor is the husky earth or middle earth that 30cm is thick.
Built: dig pit on field, dig pit cave line-spacing 50m, spacing 2m, stainless-steel pipe thick for 5cm imbedded 40cm in cave dark, overground part height 2.5m; One waterproof nontoxic diameter 0.8cm steel wire rope is drawn, as the warp of frame along seedbed trend at stainless-steel pipe top; Steel wire rope two ends angle steel is fixed.
Wholely: the assorted tree in the frame trestle 0.5m wide region that removing is put up, horizontal wall inscription to or inclined slope aspect or north-south, level land dig the ditch of dark, wide each 0.5m, fill out the dry branches and fallen leaves or leaf wood brush wood of putting thick 20cm to bottom of trench, then fill out the mixture of putting original soil and farm organic fertilizer and tread.
2) Superior vine selec-tion: select year after year solid many, single fruit is large and fruit shape feature is obvious, and pulp is emerald green, and the hermaphrodite individual plant that succulence, exquisiteness, moderately sour and sweet, mouthfeel are good is labeled as excellent strain.
3) the numerous seedling of cuttage: the numerous seedling of cuttage adopts epicormic branch cuttage, be included in the young sprout of the semi-lignified taking excellent strain July, be cut into 8-10cm long, rugosity is greater than the branch section of 0.6cm, and retain butyric acid leaf, young sprout base portion being goed deep into concentration is dip 0.5h in the ABT1 root-inducing powder of 200mg/L, take out, insert in cutting medium, hide slotting machine with sunshade net, to online water spray; Can net be removed after taking root, keep slotting machine bed surface suitable humidity, and uprooting weed in time, to topdress.
4) plant: to dig pit cave by spacing in the rows 2m, line-spacing 4m on row is planted in the field of building up, often spread manuer in holes farmyard manure 0.5-1.5kg, and the strain of every dibbling cuttage root-taking seedling 1, waters sufficient water after planting.
5) earth's surface management: to the timely weeding removal of impurities in row earth's surface of planting, conserve water and soil moisture, and fruiting period applies 10kg leaf wood wood chip mid-August in the every cave of plant hole; Budding period, every strain applied farmyard manure 60g.
6) pruning:
A, tree-like pruning: the frame that every root is put up connects two tara vine branch masters climing, the spacing on main climing frame is 0.5m;
B, Summerly pruning: on master is climing, cultivate a branch group every 20cm, the main climing unnecessary bud tip going up life of erasing in time, stays 8-10 sheet blade, pinching to fruit bearing shoot (having inflorescence or fruit ear) before inflorescence or fruit ear; Young sprout beyond the upper result of branch group should retain 1 intentionally and not stay fruit branch to do preparation branch, in order to lower annual bearing, and stays 10-12 sheet blade, pinching.To the climing end of the branch of master of the raw treelet of 1-, stay suitable length pinching in August.
C, winter cut: cut the overlapping branch on plant, descending branch, withered branch.
7) diseases prevention insect protected: to go out in time insect pest of curing the disease in the fruit development phase, adopt non-harmful prevention and controls, reasonable selection agricultural chemicals, alternatively administered reduces the pesticide resistance of disease worm, the interval using agricultural chemicals is continuously 15-20 days.
8) gather: when 8-9 month fine day temperature is 15 DEG C, pluck, gently adopt and put down gently, packaging warehouse-in.
The tara vine per mu yield adopting this method to prepare is 2500kg.
Embodiment 2
The artificial cultivation method of a kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta is as follows:
1) field is set up:
Selection of land: the selection gradient in field is 20 °, field soil property PH is 6.5, and soil property is divided into two-layer, and upper strata is the humus soil that 15cm is thick, and lower floor is the husky earth or middle earth that 50cm is thick.
Built: dig pit on field, dig pit cave line-spacing 50m, spacing 2m, stainless-steel pipe thick for 7cm imbedded 45cm in cave dark, overground part height 3m; One waterproof nontoxic diameter 0.8cm steel wire rope is drawn, as the warp of frame along seedbed trend at stainless-steel pipe top; Steel wire rope two ends angle steel is fixed.
Wholely: the assorted tree in the frame trestle 0.5m wide region that removing is put up, horizontal wall inscription to or inclined slope aspect or north-south, level land dig the ditch of dark, wide each 0.5m, fill out the dry branches and fallen leaves or leaf wood brush wood of putting thick 30cm to bottom of trench, then fill out the mixture of putting original soil and farm organic fertilizer and tread.
2) Superior vine selec-tion: select year after year solid many, single fruit is large and fruit shape feature is obvious, and pulp is emerald green, and the hermaphrodite individual plant that succulence, exquisiteness, moderately sour and sweet, mouthfeel are good is labeled as excellent strain.
3) the numerous seedling of cuttage: the numerous seedling of cuttage adopts epicormic branch cuttage, be included in the young sprout of the semi-lignified taking excellent strain July, be cut into 10cm long, rugosity is greater than the branch section of 0.6cm, and retain butyric acid leaf, young sprout base portion being goed deep into concentration is dip 0.5h in the ABT1 root-inducing powder of 200mg/L, take out, insert in cutting medium, hide slotting machine with sunshade net, to online water spray; Can net be removed after taking root, keep slotting machine bed surface suitable humidity, and uprooting weed in time, to topdress.
4) plant: to dig pit cave by spacing in the rows 2m, line-spacing 4m on row is planted in the field of building up, often spread manuer in holes farmyard manure 1.5kg, and the strain of every dibbling cuttage root-taking seedling 2, waters sufficient water after planting.
5) earth's surface management: to the timely weeding removal of impurities in row earth's surface of planting, conserve water and soil moisture, and fruiting period applies 15kg leaf wood wood chip mid-August in the every cave of plant hole; Budding period, every strain applied farmyard manure 80g.
6) pruning:
A, tree-like pruning: the frame that every root is put up connects two tara vine branch masters climing, the spacing on main climing frame is 00.8m;
B, Summerly pruning: on master is climing, cultivate a branch group every 25cm, the main climing unnecessary bud tip going up life of erasing in time, stays 8-10 sheet blade, pinching to fruit bearing shoot (having inflorescence or fruit ear) before inflorescence or fruit ear; Young sprout beyond the upper result of branch group should retain 2 intentionally and not stay fruit branch to do preparation branch, in order to lower annual bearing, and stays 12 blades, pinching.To the climing end of the branch of master of the raw treelet of 1-3, stay suitable length pinching in August.
C, winter cut: cut the overlapping branch on plant, descending branch, withered branch.
7) diseases prevention insect protected: to go out in time insect pest of curing the disease in the fruit development phase, adopt non-harmful prevention and controls, reasonable selection agricultural chemicals, alternatively administered reduces the pesticide resistance of disease worm, the interval using agricultural chemicals is continuously 15-20 days.
8) gather: when 8-9 month fine day temperature is 20 DEG C, pluck, gently adopt and put down gently, packaging warehouse-in.
The tara vine per mu yield adopting this method to prepare is 2800kg.
Embodiment 3
The artificial cultivation method of a kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta is as follows:
1) field is set up:
Selection of land: the selection gradient in field is 10 °, and field soil property PH is 6.0, and soil property is divided into two-layer, and upper strata is the humus soil that 12cm is thick, lower floor is the husky earth or middle earth that 40cm is thick.
Built: dig pit on field, dig pit cave line-spacing 50m, spacing 2m, stainless-steel pipe thick for 6cm imbedded 42cm in cave dark, overground part height 2.5m; One waterproof nontoxic diameter 0.8cm steel wire rope is drawn, as the warp of frame along seedbed trend at stainless-steel pipe top; Steel wire rope two ends angle steel is fixed.
Wholely: the assorted tree in the frame trestle 0.5m wide region that removing is put up, horizontal wall inscription to or inclined slope aspect or north-south, level land dig the ditch of dark, wide each 0.5m, fill out the dry branches and fallen leaves or leaf wood brush wood of putting thick 25cm to bottom of trench, then fill out the mixture of putting original soil and farm organic fertilizer and tread.
2) Superior vine selec-tion: select year after year solid many, single fruit is large and fruit shape feature is obvious, and pulp is emerald green, and the hermaphrodite individual plant that succulence, exquisiteness, moderately sour and sweet, mouthfeel are good is labeled as excellent strain.
3) the numerous seedling of cuttage: the numerous seedling of cuttage adopts epicormic branch cuttage, be included in the young sprout of the semi-lignified taking excellent strain July, be cut into 9cm long, rugosity is greater than the branch section of 0.6cm, and retain butyric acid leaf, young sprout base portion being goed deep into concentration is dip 0.5h in the ABT1 root-inducing powder of 200mg/L, take out, insert in cutting medium, hide slotting machine with sunshade net, to online water spray; Can net be removed after taking root, keep slotting machine bed surface suitable humidity, and uprooting weed in time, to topdress.
4) plant: to dig pit cave by spacing in the rows 2m, line-spacing 4m on row is planted in the field of building up, often spread manuer in holes farmyard manure 1.0kg, and every dibbling cuttage root-taking seedling 1-2 strain, waters sufficient water after planting.
5) earth's surface management: to the timely weeding removal of impurities in row earth's surface of planting, conserve water and soil moisture, and fruiting period applies 10kg leaf wood wood chip mid-August in the every cave of plant hole; Budding period, every strain applied farmyard manure 70g.
6) pruning:
A, tree-like pruning: the frame that every root is put up connects two tara vine branch masters climing, the spacing on main climing frame is 0.7m;
B, Summerly pruning: on master is climing, cultivate a branch group every 22cm, the main climing unnecessary bud tip going up life of erasing in time, stays 9 blades, pinching to fruit bearing shoot (having inflorescence or fruit ear) before inflorescence or fruit ear; Young sprout beyond the upper result of branch group should retain 2 intentionally and not stay fruit branch to do preparation branch, in order to lower annual bearing, and stays 10-12 sheet blade, pinching.To the climing end of the branch of master of the raw treelet of 1-3, stay suitable length pinching in August.
C, winter cut: cut the overlapping branch on plant, descending branch, withered branch.
7) diseases prevention insect protected: to go out in time insect pest of curing the disease in the fruit development phase, adopt non-harmful prevention and controls, reasonable selection agricultural chemicals, alternatively administered reduces the pesticide resistance of disease worm, the interval using agricultural chemicals is continuously 15-20 days.
8) gather: when 8-9 month fine day temperature is 15 DEG C, pluck, gently adopt and put down gently, packaging warehouse-in.
The tara vine per mu yield adopting this method to prepare is 2600kg.
Obviously; the above embodiment of the present invention is only for example of the present invention is clearly described; and be not the restriction to embodiments of the present invention; for those of ordinary skill in the field; can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description; here cannot give exhaustive to all embodiments, every belong to technical scheme of the present invention the apparent change of extending out or variation be still in the row of protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
1) field is set up: selection of land, built, whole;
2) Superior vine selec-tion: menu fruit is large, and the hermaphrodite individual plant that mouthfeel is good is excellent strain;
3) the numerous seedling of cuttage: epicormic branch cuttage;
4) plant;
5) earth's surface management:
6) pruning:
A, tree-like pruning;
B, Summerly pruning;
C, winter cut;
7) diseases prevention insect protected;
8) gather: be 15-20 DEG C of harvesting in fine day temperature, gently adopt and put down gently, packaging warehouse-in.
2. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 1 wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, is characterized in that: step 1) the field gradient of described selection of land is between 0-20 °.
3. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 1 wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, is characterized in that, step 1) soil property on ground is divided into two-layer in described selection of land, and upper strata is humus soil, and lower floor is husky earth or middle earth; Described thickness humous is 10-15cm; Described husky earth or middle earth thickness are 30-50cm.
4. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 3 wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, is characterized in that, step 1) the P in soil H on ground is 6.0-6.5 in described selection of land.
5. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 1 wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, it is characterized in that: step 1) described built comprises: digs pit on field, dig pit cave line-spacing 50m, spacing 2m, stainless-steel pipe thick for 5-7cm is imbedded 40-45cm in cave dark, overground part height 2.5-3m; One waterproof nontoxic diameter 0.8cm steel wire rope is drawn, as the warp of frame along seedbed trend at stainless-steel pipe top; Steel wire rope two ends angle steel is fixed.
6. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 1 wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method, is characterized in that: step 3) described epicormic branch cuttage is included in the young sprout of the semi-lignified taking excellent strain July, and retain top leaf, be cut into branch section; Young sprout base portion being stretched into concentration is dip 0.5h in the ABT1 root-inducing powder of 200mg/L again, takes out, and inserts in cutting medium, paving sunshade net, to recession net of taking root, uprooting weed, topdresses, keeps slotting machine bed surface humidity.
7. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 1 tara vine artificial cultivation method, it is characterized in that: step 4) described in plant and refer to dig pit cave by spacing in the rows 2m, line-spacing 4m on row is planted in field, often spread manuer in holes farmyard manure 0.5-1.5kg, and every dibbling cuttage root-taking seedling 1-2 strain, waters sufficient water after planting.
8. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 1 tara vine artificial cultivation method, it is characterized in that: step 5) management of described earth's surface comprises the timely weeding removal of impurities in row earth's surface of planting, conserve water and soil, fruiting period applies leaf wood wood chip mid-August in plant hole.
9. a kind of Changbai Mountain according to claim 8 tara vine artificial cultivation method, is characterized in that: the applied amount of described leaf wood wood chip is every cave 10-15kg.
CN201510671165.6A 2015-10-16 2015-10-16 A kind of Changbai Mountain wild actinidia arguta artificial cultivation method Pending CN105210775A (en)

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CN106258764A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-01-04 四川省益诺仕农业科技有限公司 A kind of Actinidia arguta Sieb.et Zucc cultural method
CN106258765A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-01-04 四川省益诺仕农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of Actinidia arguta Sieb.et Zucc cutting propagation
CN109429853A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-03-08 四川省益诺仕农业科技有限公司 A kind of Propagation of Actinidia Arguta By Green Cutting method

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Application publication date: 20160106